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lymphoma

New Risk Stratification Model for Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zanwar et al developed a prognostic model for overall survival in patients with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia based on age, albumin level, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level. Study Details In the study, data from 889 consecutive treatment-naive...

myelodysplastic syndromes

FDA Approves Imetelstat for Patients With Low- to Intermediate-1 Risk MDS and Transfusion-Dependent Anemia

On June 6, 2024, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved imetelstat (Rytelo), an oligonucleotide telomerase inhibitor, for adults with low- to intermediate-1 risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with transfusion-dependent anemia requiring four or more red blood cell units over 8 weeks...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Can Pembrolizumab Improve Outcomes in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma?

The PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab may offer benefit in patients with soft-tissue sarcoma, according to recent findings presented by Mowery et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 11504). Background Soft-tissue sarcoma is a rare type of cancer affecting muscles, fat, and other connective...

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Addition of Chemoradiation to Adjuvant Systemic Therapy: Differences in Node-Negative vs Node-Positive Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers have examined whether adding chemoradiation to adjuvant systemic therapy may improve survival outcomes in patients with resected periampullary pancreatic adenocarcinoma, according to recent findings presented by Abrams et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 4005). Study Methods ...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Study Identifies Subset of Patients With Lung Adenocarcinoma Who Have HER2 Alterations

Researchers have found that about 6% of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and KRAS, EGFR, or ALK gene mutations may also have HER2 alterations, according to recent findings presented by Dahake et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 8534).   Background Lung adenocarcinoma is...

colorectal cancer

Andrea Cercek, MD, on Rectal Cancer: Durable Complete Responses to PD-1 Blockade Alone

Andrea Cercek, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses expanded data on the durability of complete response to dostarlimab-gxly, a PD-1 single-agent therapy administered to patients with locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient rectal cancer. The drug yielded recurrence-free...

prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer: Adjuvant Radiotherapy With 6 Months of ADT vs No ADT

In a component of the phase III RADICALS-HD trial reported in The Lancet, Chris C. Parker, MD, and colleagues found that metastasis-free survival was not significantly improved with 6 months of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) vs no ADT together with adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with...

cardio-oncology
survivorship

Childhood Cancer Survivors: Burden of Cardiovascular Disease and Risk of Major Cardiovascular Events

In an analysis from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study (SJLIFE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hammoud et al found that survivors of childhood cancer had a greater risk of major adverse cardiovascular events vs matched community controls, and that an increasing burden of nonmajor events increased ...

hepatobiliary cancer

PROs From the HIMALAYA Trial in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sangro et al, patient-reported outcome (PRO) analysis in the phase III HIMALAYA trial showed that tremelimumab/durvalumab and durvalumab produced better outcomes than sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The trial ...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Proton Therapy vs Traditional Radiation Therapy in Patients With Oropharyngeal Cancer

Intensity-modulated proton therapy may achieve similar clinical outcomes and offer significant benefits compared with traditional intensity-modulated radiation therapy in patients with oropharyngeal cancer, according to preliminary data from a multi-institutional phase III trial presented by Frank...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Study Finds Early Menopause May Be Linked to Greater Risk of Breast and Ovarian Cancers

The risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer may be increased in some women who experience early menopause, according to new findings presented by Welt et al at the Endocrine Society’s Annual Meeting & Exposition 2024. Primary ovarian insufficiency is a condition that occurs when a woman’s...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy
genomics/genetics

Neoadjuvant Pembrolizumab May Improve Outcomes in Some Patients With Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Researchers examined whether the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab given neoadjuvantly may improve outcomes in certain patients with stage II or III mismatch repair–deficient/microsatellite instability–high colorectal cancer. Interim findings from the phase II NEOPRISM-CRC clinical trial were presented...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Chemotherapy Administration and Survival in Patients With Very Advanced Solid Tumors

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Canavan et al found no differences in overall survival between oncology practices that were more vs less likely to provide chemotherapy within the last 2 weeks of life to patients with very advanced solid tumors. As stated by the investigators, “ASCO and the...

breast cancer

Aspirin as Adjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer

As reported in JAMA by Wendy Y. Chen, MD, MPH, and colleagues, interim analysis of the phase III Alliance A011502 trial has shown no invasive disease–free survival benefit with adjuvant aspirin vs placebo in patients with high-risk nonmetastatic breast cancer. The trial was suspended early due to...

breast cancer

Dennis J. Slamon, MD, PhD, Awarded 2024 Szent-Györgyi Prize for Progress in Cancer Research

The National Foundation for Cancer Research (NFCR) announced that the blue-ribbon selection committee, composed of world-renowned research leaders and visionaries, has awarded the 2024 Szent-Györgyi Prize for Progress in Cancer Research to Dennis J. Slamon, MD, PhD, of UCLA Health, for his...

lung cancer
palliative care

New Study Highlights Benefits of Stepped Palliative Care in Advanced Lung Cancer

Researchers have shown the effectiveness of more scalable ways of delivering palliative care in patients with advanced lung cancer, according to new findings published by Temel et al in JAMA and simultaneously presented at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 12000). Background More intensive...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Impact of High Blood Insulin Levels on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Survival in Black Women

High blood insulin levels may contribute to worse outcomes in Black women with triple-negative breast cancer compared with White women with the disease, according to new findings presented by Engel et al at the Endocrine Society’s Annual Meeting & Exposition 2024. Background Triple-negative...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Stress Related to Residing in Violent Neighborhoods May Be Tied to Aggressive Lung Cancer in Black Men

Exposure to increased neighborhood violence may change the glucocorticoid receptor for the stress hormone cortisol and influence the aggressiveness of lung cancer, according to new findings presented by Heath et al at the Endocrine Society’s Annual Meeting & Exposition 2024. Study Methods and...

head and neck cancer

IMRT Reirradiation Plus Nivolumab in Recurrent or Second Primary Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II study reported in JAMA Oncology, Saba et al found that the addition of nivolumab to intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) reirradiation improved progression-free survival in patients with recurrent or second primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma.                         ...

prostate cancer

Adjuvant Radiotherapy With 24 vs 6 Months of ADT in Prostate Cancer

In a component of the phase III RADICALS-HD trial reported in The Lancet, Parker et al found that metastasis-free survival was improved with the addition of 24 months vs 6 months of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to adjuvant radiotherapy in prostate cancer. A second component of the trial, not...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Many Breast Cancer Survivors May Experience Excess Weight Gain

Nearly 20% of breast cancer survivors may experience weight gain of more than 10%, according to recent findings presented by Hurtado Andrade et al at the Endocrine Society’s Annual Meeting & Exposition 2024. The research may illuminate a number of factors potentially contributing to excessive...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Novel ctDNA Liquid Biopsy May Help Predict Breast Cancer Recurrence Years Before Relapse

A novel ultrasensitive liquid biopsy may be predictive of breast cancer recurrence up to years prior to relapse in high-risk patients with early breast cancer, according to recent findings presented by Garcia-Murillas et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 1010). Background Circulating...

lymphoma
issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Novel CAR T-Cell Therapy Under Study in Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

A novel “armored” type of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy called huCART19-IL18 may prove to be effective in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma who do not respond to standard CAR T-cell therapy, according to recent findings from a phase I clinical trial presented by Svoboda et al at...

breast cancer

Risk Factors and Outcomes Among Women With Interval vs Screen-Detected Breast Cancer

In a Korean study reported in JAMA Network Open, Song et al identified risk factors for interval breast cancer vs screen-detected breast cancer and described mortality outcomes for women in the two categories. Study Details The retrospective cohort study used data from the Korean National Health...

skin cancer

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, on BRAF-Mutated Melanoma: Long-Term Follow-up of Adjuvant Dabrafenib Plus Trametinib vs Placebo

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, of the Melanoma Institute Australia and The University of Sydney, discusses final results with up to 10 years’ follow-up data of the COMBI-AD study of patients with stage III BRAF-mutated melanoma who received adjuvant dabrafenib plus trametinib (Abstract 9500).

lymphoma

Yasmin H. Karimi, MD, on Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Follow-up on Subcutaneous Epcoritamab Monotherapy

Yasmin H. Karimi, MD, of the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses 2.5-year follow-up data on epcoritamab monotherapy for patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma. The subcutaneous regimen continues to demonstrate durable responses (Abstract 7039).

lymphoma

Yasmin H. Karimi, MD, on Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Update on Use of Epcoritamab Plus Chemotherapy

Yasmin H. Karimi, MD, of the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses data reaffirming the efficacy and feasibility of using epcoritamab plus R-DHAX/C (rituximab, dexamethasone, cytarabine, and oxaliplatin or carboplatin) in autologous stem cell transplant–eligible patients...

prostate cancer

Alicia Morgans, MD, MPH, and Samuel R. Denmeade, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From the TRANSFORMER Trial

Alicia Morgans, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Samuel R. Denmeade, MD, of Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, discuss a study showing that patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate whose disease is progressing on abiraterone with androgen-receptor alterations...

multiple myeloma

Paula Rodríguez-Otero, MD, PhD, and Amrita Y. Krishnan, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Moving BCMA-Directed Therapies to Earlier Use

Paula Rodríguez-Otero, MD, PhD, of Spain’s Cancer Center Clínica Universidad de Navarra, and Amrita Y. Krishnan, MD, of the City of Hope Cancer Center, discuss two key studies on B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-directed therapies: CARTITUDE-4 on ciltacabtagene autoleucel in patients with...

multiple myeloma

Amrita Y. Krishnan, MD, and Paula Rodríguez-Otero, MD, PhD, on Multiple Myeloma: Findings From the PERSEUS Trial on a Regimen for Transplant-Eligible Patients

Amrita Y. Krishnan, MD, of the City of Hope Cancer Center, and Paula Rodríguez-Otero, MD, PhD, of Spain’s Cancer Center Clínica Universidad de Navarra, discuss data that appear to further support daratumumab plus bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone as a new standard of care for...

leukemia
lymphoma

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, on CLL/SLL: Updated Findings on Ibrutinib and Venetoclax

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses up to 5.5 years of follow-up data from the phase II CAPTIVATE study, showing that in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), fixed duration ibrutinib plus...

gynecologic cancers

Yukio Suzuki, MD, PhD, on Endometrial Cancer: Long-Term Survival Outcomes With Hormonal Therapy in Reproductive-Age Patients

Yukio Suzuki, MD, PhD, of Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, discusses data showing that reproductive-age patients with early-stage endometrial cancer who use fertility-preserving hormonal therapy seemed to have good overall survival after a 10-year follow-up (Abstract 5508).

prostate cancer

Alicia Morgans, MD, MPH, and Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Study Findings on Health-Related Quality of Life and Pain

Alicia Morgans, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of Institut Gustave Roussy and the University of Paris-Saclay, discuss a second interim analysis of the health-related quality of life and pain outcomes in the PSMAfore study (Abstract 5003).

kidney cancer

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Biomarker Analysis of the IMmotion010 Study

Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, Université Paris-Saclay, discusses phase III findings showing that high baseline serum KIM-1 levels were associated with poorer prognosis but improved clinical outcomes with atezolizumab vs placebo in patients with renal cell carcinoma at increased risk ...

breast cancer

Yeon Hee Park, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Updated Survival Results of the Young-PEARL Study

Yeon Hee Park, MD, PhD, of South Korea’s Samsung Medical Center and Sungkyunkwan University, discusses phase II findings on palbociclib plus exemestane with a GnRH agonist vs capecitabine in premenopausal patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (LBA1002).

pancreatic cancer

Efrat Dotan, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer in Older Adults: Defining the Optimal Treatment Approach

Efrat Dotan, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses results from the phase II EA2186 trial, the first prospective study aiming to define the optimal treatment approach for vulnerable older adults with newly diagnosed metastatic pancreatic cancer (Abstract 4003).

colorectal cancer

Jeanne Tie, MD, MBChB, on Colon Cancer: New Data on ctDNA Guiding Adjuvant Therapy

Jeanne Tie, MD, MBChB, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses data on survival and updated 5-year results from the DYNAMIC trial, which supports a role for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis, including serial sampling, in the management of patients with stage II colon cancer (Abstract 108).

lung cancer

Narjust Florez, MD, and Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on EGFR-Mutated NSCLC: Update on Osimertinib and Chemoradiotherapy

Narjust Florez, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of Emory University School of Medicine, Winship Cancer Institute, discuss potentially practice-changing phase III results from the LAURA study. This trial showed that osimertinib after definitive chemoradiation...

bladder cancer

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Expert Commentary on Two Key Abstracts

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute and the University of London, discuss phase III findings from two studies: the first, investigating enfortumab vedotin-ejfv and pembrolizumab vs platinum-based chemotherapy in ...

lung cancer

Minesh P. Mehta, MD, on NSCLC: Tumor Treating Fields for Brain Metastases

Minesh P. Mehta, MD, of Miami Cancer Institute, part of Baptist Health South Florida, discusses results from the METIS (EF-25) trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of tumor treating fields therapy following stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with mutation-negative non–small cell lung cancer...

bladder cancer

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: The DESTINY-Pan Tumor02 Study and New Findings on Sacituzumab Govitecan

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute and the University of London, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss clinical outcomes of sacituzumab govitecan-hziy after prior exposure to enfortumab vedotin-ejfv in patients with metastatic urothelial...

skin cancer

Omid Hamid, MD, on Cutaneous Melanoma: Update on a Bispecific Protein Under Study

Omid Hamid, MD, of The Angeles Clinic and Research Institute, a Cedars-Sinai affiliate, discusses updated data on IMC-F106C, a novel bispecific protein that, in a phase I safety and efficacy study, exhibited clinical activity in patients with unresectable or metastatic cutaneous melanoma who were...

prostate cancer

Christos Kyriakopoulos, MD, on Prostate Cancer: CHAARTED2 Trial Results on Cabazitaxel and Abiraterone

Christos Kyriakopoulos, MD, of the University of Wisconsin Carbone Cancer Center, discusses data suggesting that adding cabazitaxel to abiraterone and prednisone improves progression-free survival in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who previously received chemohormonal ...

lung cancer

Narjust Florez, MD, and David R. Spigel, MD, on Limited-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer: Results From the ADRIATIC Study

Narjust Florez, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and David R. Spigel, MD, of Sarah Cannon Research Institute, discuss phase III findings showing that durvalumab as consolidation treatment after concurrent platinum-based chemoradiotherapy improved survival outcomes compared with placebo in...

kidney cancer

Brian I. Rini, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Exploratory Biomarker Results

Brian I. Rini, MD, of Vanderbilt Ingram Cancer Center, discusses phase III findings of the KEYNOTE-426 study of pembrolizumab plus axitinib vs sunitinib for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. He details the exploratory biomarker results, including RNA sequencing, whole-exome sequencing,...

gynecologic cancers

Alex Andrea Francoeur, MD, on Endometrial Cancer and Obesity Trends

Alex Andrea Francoeur, MD, of UC Irvine Health, discusses data showing an association between the increasing incidence of endometrial cancer and obesity, which disproportionately affects younger women and women of color. According to Dr. Francoeur, the findings warrant targeted health services and...

lung cancer

Tony S.K. Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Adagrasib vs Docetaxel in KRAS G12C–Mutated Disease

Tony S.K. Mok, MD, of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses phase III findings from the KRYSTAL-12 study, which showed that adagrasib improved progression-free survival and overall response rate over docetaxel in patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer

Heather Wakelee, MD, on NSCLC: IMpower010 Survival Results After Long-Term Follow-up of Atezolizumab vs Best Supportive Care

Heather Wakelee, MD, of Stanford University Medical Center, discusses phase III findings showing that the disease-free survival benefit with adjuvant atezolizumab continues to translate into a positive overall survival trend vs best supportive care in patients with stage II–IIIA non–small cell lung ...

issues in oncology

Telehealth May Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated With Cancer Care

Telemedicine visits for cancer care are not only more convenient and possibly easier to schedule than in-person appointments—they may also be better for the planet. These findings were presented by Andrew Hantel, MD, and colleagues at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 1522) and simultaneously...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
supportive care
genomics/genetics

Study Including Only Black Patients With Breast Cancer Compares Rates of Taxane-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy

New findings suggest that docetaxel may be considered the preferred treatment over paclitaxel for Black patients with early-stage breast cancer. While the EAZ171 trial focused specifically on Black people, the results highlight the need to personalize therapy to minimize toxicity. Importantly, this ...

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