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solid tumors
genomics/genetics

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Repotrectinib for NTRK Fusion–Positive Solid Tumors

On June 13, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to repotrectinib (Augtyro) for adult and pediatric patients aged 12 years and older with solid tumors that have a neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinase (NTRK) gene fusion, are locally advanced or metastatic or...

leukemia

Relapsed or Refractory JMML: Study Evaluates Trametinib

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare and aggressive hematologic malignancy affecting young children predominately under the age of 4. The disease is caused by mutations that increase RAS signaling output. While about 50% of patients with JMML are cured after undergoing hematopoietic...

lung cancer

Dendritic Cell Therapy in Pleural Mesothelioma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Aerts et al, the phase II/III DENIM trial showed no overall survival benefit with a treatment comprising dendritic cells loaded with allogeneic tumor cell lysate (called MesoPher) plus best supportive care vs best supportive care alone as maintenance therapy in ...

lung cancer

Previously Treated Metastatic NSCLC: Sacituzumab Govitecan vs Docetaxel

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Luis G. Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III EVOKE-01 trial has shown a numeric but not statistically significant improvement in overall survival with sacituzumab govitecan-hziy vs docetaxel in patients with metastatic non–small cell...

V. Craig Jordan, PhD, a Founding Father of Targeted Therapy in Cancer, Dies at Age 76

Craig Jordan, CMG, OBE, PhD, DSc, FMedSci, a pioneering scientist whose innovative work in breast cancer research has saved countless lives and will continue to impact the field for generations to come, died on June 9, according to a news release from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer...

hematologic malignancies
supportive care

Can Positive Psychology Influence Outcomes in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Recipients?

A novel positive psychology approach may help improve stress, fatigue, physical function, and quality of life in patients with hematologic malignancies who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, according to a new study published by Amonoo et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National...

skin cancer
cns cancers

Drug Resistance in Melanoma-Related Leptomeningeal Disease

Researchers uncovered potential mechanisms driving drug resistance in patients with melanoma and leptomeningeal disease, according to a recent study published by Alhaddad et al in Cell Reports Medicine. Background Leptomeningeal disease is a rare and often lethal complication experienced by about...

thyroid cancer

FDA Approves Selpercatinib for RET Fusion–Positive Thyroid Cancer

On June 12, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted traditional approval to selpercatinib (Retevmo) for adult and pediatric patients aged 2 years and older with advanced or metastatic RET fusion–positive thyroid cancer who require systemic therapy and whose disease is radioactive...

breast cancer

V. Craig Jordan, PhD, ‘the Father of Tamoxifen,’ Dies at Age 76

V. Craig Jordan, CMG, OBE, PhD, DSc, FMedSci, a pioneering scientist whose innovative work in breast cancer research has saved countless lives and will continue to impact the field for generations to come, died on June 9, according to Balkees Abderrahman, MD, PhD, Houston, a friend and colleague of ...

issues in oncology

How Often Do Patients With Cancer Face Barriers When Attempting to Access Care?

Many patients with cancer encounter significant barriers to the receipt of care, according to a recent study published by Chen et al in JAMA Network Open. Background When attempting to access cancer care, patients often must go through several different levels of communication both before their...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Lung Cancer Screening May Improve Early Detection, Survival in U.S. Veterans

Investigators have found that U.S. veterans who underwent lung cancer screening prior to diagnosis were potentially more likely to be diagnosed with earlier-stage disease and have a higher cure rate compared with those who did not undergo screening, according to a recent study published by Edwards...

multiple myeloma

Newly Diagnosed Patients With Multiple Myeloma Ineligible for Transplant: Addition of Isatuximab to VRd

As reported at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 7500) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Thierry Facon, MD, and colleagues, interim analysis of the phase III IMROZ trial showed significantly improved progression-free survival with the addition of isatuximab to bortezomib,...

breast cancer
cardio-oncology
survivorship

Cardiac Dysfunction Among Breast Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bostany et al found that the cumulative incidence of cardiac dysfunction reached 15.3% at 15 years from the start of cardiotoxic treatments in breast cancer survivors. Study Details The study involved patients at the Next Steps Breast Cancer...

breast cancer

Ribociclib Plus Endocrine Therapy vs Combination Chemotherapy in Premenopausal Women With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

As reported by Yen-Shen Lu, MD, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, final results of the phase II RIGHT Choice study indicate that ribociclib plus endocrine therapy significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs combination chemotherapy in premenopausal women with...

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Screening Prevalence Among Eligible U.S. Individuals

In a study reported in JAMA Internal Medicine, Bandi et al found that only 18% of eligible individuals in the United States were considered up to date—defined as undergoing screening within the past year—for recommended annual lung cancer screening in 2022. As stated by the investigators, “The U.S. ...

cns cancers
issues in oncology

Novel Gamma-Delta T Cell–Based Therapy Plus Temozolomide Maintenance in Glioblastoma Multiforme

The novel therapy INB-200 in combination with concomitant temozolomide may improve survival in patients with glioblastoma multiforme, according to preliminary findings from a phase I clinical trial presented by Lobbous et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 2042). “For far too long, there...

hematologic malignancies
palliative care

Integrating Palliative Care Education Into Hematology-Oncology Fellowships

An integrated palliative care rotation for hematology-oncology fellows may improve their palliative care knowledge and skill confidence, according to findings presented by Bauman et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9007). “Despite national guidelines advocating that patients with...

multiple myeloma

Claudio Cerchione, MD, PhD, on Staging Multiple Myeloma: New Findings on FDG PET/CT Scans and Whole-Body MRI

Claudio Cerchione, MD, PhD, of Italy’s Istituto Scientifico Romagnolo per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori, discusses preliminary findings from a prospective trial suggesting that by adding whole-body MRI to fludeoxyglucose-18 (FDG) PET/CT scans, clinicians may detect bone lesions earlier and more...

issues in oncology

More on Using AI to Enhance Cancer Care

I read with interest the excellent article by Anant Madabhushi, PhD, and Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, in the May 10, 2024, issue of The ASCO Post, entitled “AI in Cancer Care: Embrace the Change.” I wanted to add information on how an available AI Cancer Mentor application (app) has become a beneficial...

prostate cancer

Low-Risk Prostate Cancer: Disease-Free Survival With Hypofractionated vs Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by W. Robert Lee, MD, MS, and colleagues, a 12-year analysis of the phase III NRG Oncology RTOG 0415 trial has shown continued noninferiority in terms of disease-free survival with hypofractionated radiotherapy vs conventionally fractionated...

supportive care
symptom management

Can Methylphenidate Be Used to Treat Fatigue in Patients With Advanced Cancer?

In a UK trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stone et al found that the stimulant methylphenidate did not significantly improve fatigue vs placebo in patients with advanced cancers receiving palliative care. Study Details In the double-blind multicenter study, 159 patients with...

leukemia

First-Line Venetoclax Combinations in Fit Patients With CLL

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Fürstenau et al, 4-year follow-up of the phase III GAIA/CLL13 trial showed improved progression-free survival with venetoclax/obinutuzumab and venetoclax/obinutuzumab/ibrutinib vs both chemoimmunotherapy and venetoclax/rituximab in the first-line treatment of...

issues in oncology

Andrew Srisuwananukorn, MD, and Alexander T. Pearson, MD, PhD, on Artificial Intelligence in the Clinic: Understanding How to Use This 21st Century Tool

Andrew Srisuwananukorn, MD, of The Ohio State University, and Alexander T. Pearson, MD, PhD, of the University of Chicago, discuss the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the clinic, its potential benefits in diagnosis and treatment, resources available to help physicians learn more about AI,...

Guideline Update Seeks to Aid Clinicians in the Selection of Systemic Treatments for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

An ASCO guideline update offers new recommendations on systemic treatment for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), based on promising findings from several recent randomized controlled trials as well as the approval of new first- and second-line immunotherapy combinations.1 “This guideline...

issues in oncology

FDA’s Oncology Center of Excellence Launches Project 5 in 5, a Crowdsourcing Initiative

OCE Insights is an occasional department developed for The ASCO Post by members of the Oncology Center of Excellence (OCE) at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In this installment, the OCE’s Steven Cunningham, MD, MLA, FACS, Clinical Reviewer on the Gastrointestinal Cancers Team,...

colorectal cancer

I Am Living With Recurring Stage IV Colorectal Cancer

Despite urgings from my primary care physician to get a colonoscopy screening after I turned 50, I resisted. As a health-care provider, and someone who is tuned into changes in my body, I thought I would instinctively know if I had a serious illness. I was wrong. Even after finally relenting to at...

palliative care

In Celebration of a Remarkable Life and Career in Oncology

When Jamie H. Von Roenn, MD, FASCO, graduated from high school in 1970 and enrolled at the University of Illinois in Champaign, she was determined to seek a career in special education, because she wanted to “help people through difficult situations.” Although Dr. Von Roenn ultimately decided to...

multiple myeloma

Multiple Myeloma Survivor and Advocate Shares 12-Step Program: How Not to Die of Cancer

Facing mortality can be a paralyzing experience for some people, but for others, it may ignite a passion to accelerate life. One such person is Kathy Giusti, cofounder of the Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation (MMRF), where she served as Chief Executive Officer and President for nearly 20 years....

How the Museum of Medicine and Biomedical Discovery Aims to Bring Scientific Achievements of the Past, Present, and Future to Life

Several years ago, a visit to the National Air and Space Museum in Washington, DC, so fascinated and inspired Mace L. Rothenberg, MD, FASCO, about the history of flight, he wondered why there was not a similar museum showcasing the past and present achievements in science and medicine. The result...

bladder cancer

Nogapendekin Alfa Inbakicept-pmln for BCG-Unresponsive Non–Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

On April 22, 2024, the interleukin-15 receptor agonist nogapendekin alfa inbakicept-pmln was approved for use with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) for adults with BCG-unresponsive non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer with carcinoma in situ with or without papillary tumors.1 Supporting Efficacy Data...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

LEAP-001: Study Misses Endpoints but Still Shows Benefit for Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab in Endometrial Cancer Subsets

The highly anticipated ENGOT-en9/LEAP-001 trial in endometrial cancer has missed both its primary endpoints. At the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2024 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer, the study investigators reported no significant benefit in progression-free survival or overall survival...

lung cancer

Tepotinib for Metastatic NSCLC With MET Exon 14–Skipping Alterations

On February 15, 2024, tepotinib (Tepmetko)-—a kinase inhibitor directed against MET, including variants with exon 14 skipping—was granted regular approval for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14–skipping ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

NADINA Trial Shows Robust Benefit for Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Stage III Melanoma

Results of the phase III NADINA trial support a new standard of care for the treatment of resectable macroscopic stage III melanoma. Treatment with preoperative ipilimumab plus nivolumab followed by total lymph node dissection, with adjuvant therapy guided by depth of response, led to a highly...

Pancreatic Surgeon Named New Director of Moores Cancer Center at UC San Diego Health

Following an extensive national search, Diane M. Simeone, MD, has been appointed Director of Moores Cancer Center at the University of California (UC) San Diego Health. Dr. Simeone brings institutional, national, and international leadership experience both to oncologic patient care and scientific...

cardio-oncology

Cardiotoxicity: How Far Have We Come?

A little more than 12 months ago, the first major cardio-oncology guidelines were published by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).1 The extensive document embodied the immense progress of this subspecialty over its short existence. In reaching this milestone, it is worth considering what...

breast cancer

Optimizing the Management of DCIS

“Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), once a rare entity, now comprises 20% to 30% of newly diagnosed breast cancers detected on mammography and is appreciated to be a widely heterogeneous disease,” said E. Shelley Hwang, MD, MPH, the Mary and Deryl Hart Distinguished Professor at Duke University, who ...

lung cancer

Osimertinib Therapy Poised to Become New Standard of Care for Unresectable Stage III EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

Osimertinib significantly improved progression-free survival compared with placebo in patients with unresectable stage III EGFR-mutated non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following definitive chemoradiotherapy. These findings of the phase III LAURA trial suggest that osimertinib may become a new...

lymphoma

New Risk Stratification Model for Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zanwar et al developed a prognostic model for overall survival in patients with Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia based on age, albumin level, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level. Study Details In the study, data from 889 consecutive treatment-naive...

myelodysplastic syndromes

FDA Approves Imetelstat for Patients With Low- to Intermediate-1 Risk MDS and Transfusion-Dependent Anemia

On June 6, 2024, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved imetelstat (Rytelo), an oligonucleotide telomerase inhibitor, for adults with low- to intermediate-1 risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with transfusion-dependent anemia requiring four or more red blood cell units over 8 weeks...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Can Pembrolizumab Improve Outcomes in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma?

The PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab may offer benefit in patients with soft-tissue sarcoma, according to recent findings presented by Mowery et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 11504). Background Soft-tissue sarcoma is a rare type of cancer affecting muscles, fat, and other connective...

pancreatic cancer
issues in oncology

Addition of Chemoradiation to Adjuvant Systemic Therapy: Differences in Node-Negative vs Node-Positive Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers have examined whether adding chemoradiation to adjuvant systemic therapy may improve survival outcomes in patients with resected periampullary pancreatic adenocarcinoma, according to recent findings presented by Abrams et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 4005). Study Methods ...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Study Identifies Subset of Patients With Lung Adenocarcinoma Who Have HER2 Alterations

Researchers have found that about 6% of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and KRAS, EGFR, or ALK gene mutations may also have HER2 alterations, according to recent findings presented by Dahake et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 8534).   Background Lung adenocarcinoma is...

colorectal cancer

Andrea Cercek, MD, on Rectal Cancer: Durable Complete Responses to PD-1 Blockade Alone

Andrea Cercek, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses expanded data on the durability of complete response to dostarlimab-gxly, a PD-1 single-agent therapy administered to patients with locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient rectal cancer. The drug yielded recurrence-free...

prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer: Adjuvant Radiotherapy With 6 Months of ADT vs No ADT

In a component of the phase III RADICALS-HD trial reported in The Lancet, Chris C. Parker, MD, and colleagues found that metastasis-free survival was not significantly improved with 6 months of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) vs no ADT together with adjuvant radiotherapy in patients with...

cardio-oncology
survivorship

Childhood Cancer Survivors: Burden of Cardiovascular Disease and Risk of Major Cardiovascular Events

In an analysis from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study (SJLIFE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hammoud et al found that survivors of childhood cancer had a greater risk of major adverse cardiovascular events vs matched community controls, and that an increasing burden of nonmajor events increased ...

hepatobiliary cancer

PROs From the HIMALAYA Trial in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sangro et al, patient-reported outcome (PRO) analysis in the phase III HIMALAYA trial showed that tremelimumab/durvalumab and durvalumab produced better outcomes than sorafenib in patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The trial ...

head and neck cancer
issues in oncology

Proton Therapy vs Traditional Radiation Therapy in Patients With Oropharyngeal Cancer

Intensity-modulated proton therapy may achieve similar clinical outcomes and offer significant benefits compared with traditional intensity-modulated radiation therapy in patients with oropharyngeal cancer, according to preliminary data from a multi-institutional phase III trial presented by Frank...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancers
issues in oncology

Study Finds Early Menopause May Be Linked to Greater Risk of Breast and Ovarian Cancers

The risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancer may be increased in some women who experience early menopause, according to new findings presented by Welt et al at the Endocrine Society’s Annual Meeting & Exposition 2024. Primary ovarian insufficiency is a condition that occurs when a woman’s...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy
genomics/genetics

Neoadjuvant Pembrolizumab May Improve Outcomes in Some Patients With Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Researchers examined whether the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab given neoadjuvantly may improve outcomes in certain patients with stage II or III mismatch repair–deficient/microsatellite instability–high colorectal cancer. Interim findings from the phase II NEOPRISM-CRC clinical trial were presented...

solid tumors
issues in oncology

Chemotherapy Administration and Survival in Patients With Very Advanced Solid Tumors

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Canavan et al found no differences in overall survival between oncology practices that were more vs less likely to provide chemotherapy within the last 2 weeks of life to patients with very advanced solid tumors. As stated by the investigators, “ASCO and the...

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