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multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Paul G. Richardson, MD, on Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Adding Isatuximab to Pomalidomide and Low-Dose Dexamethasone

Paul G. Richardson, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses findings from the phase III ICARIA-MM trial showing that isatuximab, pomalidomide, and low-dose dexamethasone significantly improved progression-free survival and overall response vs pomalidomide and dexamethasone (Abstract 8004).  

prostate cancer

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Zachery Reichert, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Focal Radiation for Oligometastatic Castration-Resistant Disease

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Zachery Reichert, MD, PhD, discuss the FORCE trial, which is examining whether radiation can create a more durable response to systemic therapy, and whether using newer, more sensitive imaging technologies can improve outcomes (Abstract TPS5096).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Richard J. White, DO, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Predicting Radiotherapy/Immunotherapy Treatment Outcomes

Miriam Knoll, MD, of Hackensack University Medical Center, and Richard J. White, DO, of Allegheny Health Network, discuss improved overall survival among younger female patients with non–small cell lung cancer who have a lower comorbidity score, lower grade, private insurance, and treatment with...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Yoland C. Antill, MD, on Endometrial Cancer: PHAEDRA Trial on Durvalumab and Mismatch Repair Status

Yoland C. Antill, MD, of Cabrini Health, discusses phase II data on the effect of durvalumab, a PD-L1 inhibitor, as a single agent in the setting of recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer. Her research compares the response in mismatch repair–deficient and –proficient tumors (Abstract 5501).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Pemetrexed, Bevacizumab, or Both as Maintenance Therapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, discusses findings from the ECOG-ACRIN 5508 study, which showed that single-agent bevacizumab or pemetrexed is the optimal maintenance therapy for advanced nonsquamous NSCLC (Abstract 9002).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Matt D. Galsky, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Pembrolizumab vs Placebo After First-Line Chemotherapy

Matt D. Galsky, MD, of The Tisch Cancer Institute at Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, discusses phase II study findings that show switch maintenance with pembrolizumab significantly improves progression-free survival in the metastatic setting (Abstract 4504).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Adding Bevacizumab to Gemcitabine and Cisplatin

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses results from the phase III Alliance trial, which showed that adding bevacizumab to gemcitabine and cisplatin did not improve overall survival in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, but did improve...

kidney cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, on Renal Cancer: Cytoreductive Nephrectomy Followed by Sunitinib in the Metastatic Setting

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the Huntsman Cancer Institute, and Arnaud Méjean, MD, PhD, of the Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Paris Descartes University, discuss an update to the CARMENA trial with new phase III study results on the benefit of cytoreductive nephrectomy followed by sunitinib vs...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: KEYNOTE-426 on First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah Health Care, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, discuss phase III study findings on outcomes with combination therapy for intermediate/poor-risk and sarcomatoid subgroups of renal cell carcinoma...

bladder cancer

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and Thomas W. Flaig, MD, on Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer: Predicting Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah Health Care, and Thomas W. Flaig, MD, of the University of Colorado, discuss phase II findings on a novel predictive biomarker of response to the two accepted neoadjuvant regimens for muscle-invasive bladder cancer:...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Enfortumab Vedotin Monotherapy for Locally Advanced or Metastatic Disease

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, of Yale School of Medicine, discusses study results on enfortumab vedotin monotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer previously treated with platinum and immune checkpoint inhibitors (Abstract LBA4505).

issues in oncology
lung cancer

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, and R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, BCOP, on Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Expanding the Criteria for Clinical Trial Eligibility

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, of ASCO, and R. Donald Harvey, PharmD, BCOP, of Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, discuss their study findings that expanding the clinical trial eligibility criteria for patients with advanced NSCLC would enable nearly twice as many people to be considered for...

issues in oncology

FDA Announces Project Facilitate

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Oncology Center of Excellence announced a new pilot program to assist oncology health-care professionals in requesting access to unapproved therapies for patients with cancer. A new call center designated Project Facilitate will be a single point...

issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Sexual Harassment and Gender Disparities: Survey of Gynecologic Oncologists

A recent survey of U.S.-based physician members of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology found that 64% of respondents experienced sexual harassment in training or practice; among women, the rate was 71% and among men, it was 51%. Only 10% reported the incident(s) to officials. In addition, women...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Enfortumab Vedotin Shows Activity in Previously Treated, Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

The single-arm, phase II EV-201 trial showed treatment with enfortumab vedotin—an agent targeting Nectin-4, a protein found in 97% of urothelial cancers—produced responses in 44% of patients with locally advanced or metastatic forms of urothelial cancer. Patients had previously been...

colorectal cancer

2019 ASCO: OSLO-COMET: Laparoscopic vs Open Resection for Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases

The randomized Norwegian OSLO-COMET trial found that laparoscopic surgery did not change chances of survival compared to open resection to remove metastases that had spread to the liver in patients with colorectal cancer. Overall, patients lived more than 6.5 years after surgery, regardless of...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Expansion of Clinical Trial Inclusion Criteria in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

A study that examined 10,500 health records of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer from ASCO’s CancerLinQ database found that the use of expanded clinical trial inclusion criteria—as proposed by ASCO and Friends of Cancer Research in 2017—would nearly double...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

David J. Kwiatkowski, MD, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy for Resectable Disease

David J. Kwiatkowski, MD, PhD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses an interim analysis and biomarker data from a multicenter study showing that 19% of patients with NSCLC had a major pathologic response to preoperative treatment with atezolizumab (Abstract...

lung cancer

Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, MD, on Nonsquamous Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Pemetrexed Plus Cisplatin vs Vinorelbine Plus Cisplatin

Hirotsugu Kenmotsu, MD, of Shizuoka Cancer Center, discusses the phase III JIPANG trial findings, which showed that pemetrexed plus cisplatin was not superior to vinorelbine plus cisplatin in terms of recurrence-free survival for patients with completely resected nonsquamous non–small cell lung...

breast cancer

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, on Breast Cancer Incidence and Mortality: Results From the Women’s Health Initiative on the Effects of a Low-Fat Diet

Rowan T. Chlebowski, MD, PhD, of the Los Angeles BioMedical Research Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, discusses study findings from nearly 2 decades of data, which showed a 21% reduction in deaths from breast cancer among postmenopausal women who adhered to a low-fat diet (Abstract 520).

prostate cancer

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on the ARAMIS Trial in Prostate Cancer: Impact of Darolutamide on Pain and Quality of Life

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, University of Paris-Sud, discusses study findings showing that not only does darolutamide prolong metastasis-free survival, it maintains quality of life as well as delays worsening of pain and disease-related symptoms compared with placebo for...

leukemia

Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, on Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Gilteritinib in FLT3-Mutated Disease

Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, of The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University, discusses the effect of gilteritinib on survival in patients with FLT3-mutated relapsed/refractory AML who have common co-mutations or a high FLT3-ITD allelic ratio, and the importance of FLT3-ITD...

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Adjuvant Nab-paclitaxel and Gemcitabine

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, discusses phase III results from the multicenter APACT trial, which showed that adjuvant nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine may be an option for patients who are ineligible for treatment with FOLFIRINOX (Abstract 4000).

lung cancer

Taofeek Kunle Owonikoko, MD, PhD, on Small Cell Lung Cancer: Tremelimumab and Durvalumab With or Without Radiation

Taofeek Kunle Owonikoko, MD, PhD, of Emory University, discusses the findings of his phase II study, which assessed the efficacy of combined immune checkpoint inhibitors with or without radiation in relapsed small cell lung cancer (Abstract 8515).

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Danny Rischin, MD, on Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: KEYNOTE-048 Trial on Pembrolizumab

Danny Rischin, MD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase III results that support pembrolizumab with and without platinum-based chemotherapy plus fluorouracil as new first-line standards of care for recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (Abstract 6000).

cns cancers

Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, MD, on Glioblastoma: Novel Cancer Vaccine With Standard Therapy

Manmeet S. Ahluwalia, MD, of the Taussig Center Institute, Cleveland Clinic, discusses phase II findings on the efficacy and immunogenicity of SurVaxM, a novel cancer vaccine targeting the tumor-specific antigen survivin in newly diagnosed glioblastoma (Abstract 2016).

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

Kamal Chamoun, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Insurance Status and Survival

Kamal Chamoun, MD, of University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center, discusses how better insurance coverage determines not only the ability of patients with multiple myeloma to afford high-priced oral medications, but their survival of the disease (Abstract LBA107).

pancreatic cancer

2019 ASCO: POLO: Maintenance Olaparib in Germline BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

The randomized phase III POLO trial found that maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib significantly delayed the progression of metastatic pancreatic cancer in patients with germline BRCA gene mutations compared with placebo (median...

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: ENZAMET: Addition of Enzalutamide to Standard of Care in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

An interim analysis of the international, randomized phase III ENZAMET trial found that 80% of men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer who received the nonsteroidal antiandrogen agent enzalutamide along with standard-of-care treatment were alive after 3 years, compared with 72% of men ...

health-care policy
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Medicaid Expansion and Time to Treatment in African American Patients Compared to White Patients With Cancer

Previous racial disparities in timely cancer treatment between African American and white patients were reduced in states where Medicaid access was expanded under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), according to a new analysis of electronic health records from for 30,000 patients. The study, based on...

multiple myeloma
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Does Insurance Status Impact Survival in Patients With Multiple Myeloma?

A new study analyzing demographic statistics from the National Cancer Database presented by Chamoun et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract LBA107) identified multiple socioeconomic factors—including private insurance, living in a regionally higher-income area, and receiving treatment ...

gynecologic cancers
health-care policy

2019 ASCO: Effect of ACA Implementation on Diagnosis and Treatment of Ovarian Cancer in Women Under 65

An analysis of data from the National Cancer Database found that after implementation of the 2010 Affordable Care Act (ACA), ovarian cancer was diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage among women younger than age 65. More women also received treatment within 30 days of diagnosis, thereby...

prostate cancer

Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: ENZAMET Trial on Enzalutamide for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Disease

Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III findings from their international trial on adding enzalutamide as a new treatment option with testosterone suppression for metastatic hormone-sensitive ...

issues in oncology
health-care policy

Amy J. Davidoff, PhD, on Racial Disparities in Time to Cancer Treatment: The Effect of Medicaid Expansion

Amy J. Davidoff, PhD, of Yale University School of Public Health, discusses study findings on how expanding access to Medicaid through the Affordable Care Act (ACA) reduced racial disparities among patients with advanced cancer. Before the ACA was implemented in 2014, black patients with cancer...

pancreatic cancer

Alok A. Khorana, MD, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: POLO Trial on Olaparib as Maintenance Therapy

Alok A. Khorana, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, of The University of Chicago, discuss phase III findings on olaparib as maintenance treatment following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and a germline BRCA mutation (Abstract...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Kamran A. Ahmed, MD, on Cervical Cancer: Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Plus Atezolizumab

Kamran A. Ahmed, MD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, reports on a trial in progress that is investigating whether treatment with atezolizumab plus hypofractionated radiation therapy will improve the objective response rate compared with atezolizumab alone in patients...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Josep Tabernero, MD, PhD, on Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Pembrolizumab With or Without Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy

Josep Tabernero, MD, PhD, of the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, discusses phase III findings of the KEYNOTE-062 study showing that, for some patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer, pembrolizumab may improve survival and may be an effective alternative to...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Edward B. Garon, MD, on Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: KEYNOTE-001 Trial on Pembrolizumab

Edward B. Garon, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses long-term survival data on patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer treated with pembrolizumab and those with PD-L1 expressed in at least half of their tumor cells (Abstract...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Novel Immunotherapy for Recurrent, Metastatic, or Persistent Cervical Cancer

There is a high, unmet need for effective treatments for patients with recurrent, metastatic, or persistent cervical cancer—most patients are young, and survival rates are poor. Adoptive cell transfer using tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has demonstrated durable responses in some...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: KEYNOTE-062: Pembrolizumab With or Without Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Gastric or GEJ Adenocarcinoma

The randomized, phase III KEYNOTE-062 trial achieved its primary endpoint, showing that for patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive, HER2-negative, advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer, initial therapy with pembrolizumab resulted in noninferior overall...

breast cancer

2019 ASCO: MONALEESA-7: Addition of Ribociclib to Endocrine Therapy in Premenopausal Women With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

The international, randomized phase III MONALEESA-7 trial found that the addition of ribociclib to standard-of-care endocrine therapy significantly improved overall survival for premenopausal women with advanced hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer compared with endocrine...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: KEYNOTE-001: 5-Year Survival Data for Patients With Advanced NSCLC Treated With Pembrolizumab

Five-year data from the phase Ib KEYNOTE-001 trial showed that treatment with pembrolizumab was safe and effective and substantially increased overall survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Specifically, 23.2% of people who had not previously been treated with...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, FACP: 2019 Update on the ACCC Immuno-Oncology Institute: Using Immunotherapy in the Community Setting

Lee S. Schwartzberg, MD, of the West Cancer Center, reports on this past year’s progress of the ACCC initiative to speed adoption of immunotherapeutics in community practices.

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: TITAN Study Assesses Apalutamide vs Placebo During Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Results from the phase III TITAN trial, presented by Chi et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5006), showed that the addition of apalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) improved radiographic progression-free and overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive...

sarcoma

2019 ASCO: Vincristine and Irinotecan With or Without Temozolomide in Relapsed or Refractory Rhabdomyosarcoma

In the European phase II VIT-091 trial, researchers examined the efficacy of the combination of vincristine and irinotecan with or without the addition of temozolomide in children and adults with relapsed or refractory rhabdomyosarcoma. Their results were presented by Defachelles et al at the 2019...

palliative care
issues in oncology

2019 ASCO: Differences in End-of-Life Quality Measures Across U.S. Cancer Centers

In a study presented by Wasp et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 6507) studying variation in end-of-life care across cancer centers in the United States, researchers found quality of care was lower at centers that served a greater concentration of minorities. However, end-of-life care...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

2019 ASCO: Final Analysis of KEYNOTE-048: First-Line Pembrolizumab for Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The phase III KEYNOTE-048 trial is examining the efficacy of pembrolizumab alone, pembrolizumab/cisplatin or carboplatin/fluorouracil (5-FU), or cetuximab/cisplatin or carboplatin/5-FU as first-line therapy for recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. At the second interim...

leukemia

FDA Approves Addition of Survival Data to Gilteritinib Label for Refractory FLT3-Mutated AML

On May 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the addition of overall survival data in the labeling for gilteritinib (Xospata), which is indicated for adult patients who have relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an FLT3 mutation as detected by an FDA-approved...

An Extended Family With Many Physicians Inspired a Career in Oncology

Head and neck cancer specialist Cristina P. Rodriguez, MD, was born and reared in Manila, the capital and largest city in the Philippines. “I grew up on the campus of the University of the Philippines, as both my parents were professors. I am one of three girls, and there was quite a bit of stress ...

NIH Selects Three Oncology Investigators as Lasker Clinical Research Scholars

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has selected eight scientists as Lasker Clinical Research Scholars as part of a joint initiative with the Albert and Mary Lasker Foundation to foster the next generation of clinical scientists. Three of these investigators are involved in oncology reasearch....

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