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gynecologic cancers

SGO 2020: WEE1 Inhibitor Shows Activity in Recurrent Uterine Serous Carcinoma

Monotherapy with the experimental WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib has shown activity in patients with advanced recurrent or metastatic uterine serous carcinoma,1 according to data presented during the 2020 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer Webinar Series. The initial ...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Nicoletta Colombo, MD

The invited discussant of the two trials in cervical and endometrial cancers presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 was Nicoletta ­Colombo, MD, of the University of Milan-Bicocca in Italy, who commented on what she called “exciting results in cancers with unmet needs.” Dr. Colombo noted: “The studies...

Expert Point of View: Kathleen N. Moore, MD

Kathleen N. Moore, MD, Associate Professor of Gynecologic Oncology and Director of the Oklahoma TSET Phase I Clinical Trials Program, Stephenson Cancer Center, Oklahoma City, underscored the importance of studying patients with stable disease and less robust partial response, not just those with...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Immunotherapy in Cervical and Endometrial Cancers

In studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019, immunotherapy yielded encouraging outcomes in two gynecologic cancer populations in need of new treatments, including patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for advanced endometrial cancer....

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2020: Updated Analysis of VELIA Trial Shows Antitumor Activity in Ovarian Cancer, but Is It Enough?

An updated analysis of the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial, presented during the 2020 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer Webinar Series,1 suggested synergy between the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor veliparib and platinum chemotherapy in the...

gynecologic cancers

ASCO20: Cediranib Plus Olaparib vs Standard-of-Care Chemotherapy for Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

Results of the NRG Oncology phase III clinical trial NRG-GY004 indicated that the addition of the investigational agent cediranib to olaparib and standard platinum-based chemotherapy did not improve progression-free survival outcomes for women with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer; however,...

gynecologic cancers

Effect of Statins on Survival in Ovarian Cancer

Lipophilic statin use was associated with reduced mortality in women with epithelial ovarian cancer and all subtypes in a large observational study compared with never users. These findings were presented at the 2020 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Virtual Annual Meeting II. Lead...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-100: In Women With Advanced Ovarian Cancer, Pembrolizumab Yields Modest Antitumor Efficacy

the final results of the phase II KEYNOTE-100 study of pembrolizumab in women with advanced and recurrent ovarian cancer showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced modest clinical activity. Ursula Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, reported the data at the...

gynecologic cancers

ASCO20: Final Overall Survival Analysis From SOLO2 in Ovarian Cancer

For the first time, overall survival has been improved with maintenance therapy involving a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer associated with BRCA1/2 mutations. In the final, preplanned, overall survival analysis in the...

gynecologic cancers

Expert Point of View: Robert L. Coleman, MD

Discussant of the DESKTOP III and SOC1 trials, Robert L. Coleman, MD, of U.S. Oncology Research in Woodlands, Texas, congratulated the authors of both trials. He put these results in perspective with the GOG-0213 study, which did not show a survival benefit for secondary surgery. “There are general ...

gynecologic cancers

ASCO20: Secondary Surgery May Extend Survival in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Two phase III trials provided support for secondary cytoreductive surgery in women with recurrent ovarian cancer, with the caveats that patient selection is key and the surgery should be performed at sites of excellence. The results of the DESKTOP III and SOC1 trials, both presented during the...

gynecologic cancers

ESMO 2019: Veliparib Plus First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in High-Grade Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial—reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 20191 and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine2—Robert L. Coleman, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, and colleagues found that the ...

Expert Point of View: Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, Head of the Gynecologic Cancer Program at Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, discussed the PRIMA/ENGOT-OV26/GOG-3012 trial along with the results of the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial of olaparib plus bevacizumab maintenance. All three trials—PRIMA, PAOLA-1,...

gynecologic cancers

ESMO 2019: PRIMA Trial Reports Benefit With Niraparib Across Ovarian Cancer Subsets

In women with advanced ovarian cancer responding to first-line chemotherapy, maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor niraparib significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 38% overall and by 60% in women with BRCA mutations. Even patients without a...

gynecologic cancers

Novel Drug Approvals and New Indications for Gynecologic Cancers

A number of new drugs and novel indications were added to the treatment armamentarium for gynecologic cancers over the past year. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals are noted here. Olaparib, PARP Inhibitor On May 8, 2020, the FDA expanded the indication of olaparib (Lynparza) to...

Expert Point of View: Thomas J. Herzog, MD

Thomas J. Herzog, MD, Deputy Director, University of Cincinnati Cancer Center, who presented a distillation of the PRIMA trial data along with updated results of the phase III PAOLA-1 trial of olaparib plus bevacizumab maintenance, called the data “practice-changing.” “We’ve suspected for a while...

gynecologic cancers

SGO 2020: Updated Data From PRIMA Trial: Niraparib as First-Line Maintenance Therapy for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Making sense of maintenance therapy in advanced ovarian cancer has been a tall order since the publication of impressive data for not one but three poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2019 Congress.1 The picture became a little clearer...

gynecologic cancers

Clinical Perspective on PAOLA-1: Maintenance Therapy for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Based on multiple phase III prospective trials, there is evidence that both poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors and antiangiogenic therapies such as bevacizumab provide benefit when utilized in a maintenance strategy in the first-line treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (GOG...

gynecologic cancers

Addition of Olaparib to Bevacizumab Maintenance in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: PAOLA-1 Trial

As reported inThe New England Journal of Medicine by Isabelle Ray-Coquard, MD, PhD, of the Céntre Léon Berard, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 and Groupe d’Investigateurs Nationaux pour l’Etude des Cancers Ovariens (GINECO), Paris, and colleagues, the phase III PAOLA-1 trial has shown a...

gynecologic cancers

Gynecologic Oncology Highlights 2019–2020 Almanac

Ovarian cancer is associated with the highest risk of mortality among the five most common gynecologic cancers (cervical, ovarian, uterine [endometrial], vaginal, and vulvar) in the United States; in 2020 in the United States, ovarian cancer will be diagnosed in an estimated 21,750 women, and...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Adjuvant Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Nivolumab Alone in Resected Stage IV Melanoma With No Evidence of Disease

In an interim analysis of the German phase II IMMUNED trial reported in The Lancet, Lisa Zimmer, MD, of University Hospital Essen, and colleagues found that adjuvant nivolumab plus ipilimumab and nivolumab alone significantly prolonged recurrence-free survival vs placebo in patients with resected...

gynecologic cancers

Does Binimetinib Improve Progression-Free Survival in Recurrent or Persistent Low-Grade Serous Ovarian Carcinomas?

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Bradley J. Monk, MD, and colleagues, the phase III MEK Inhibitor in Low-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer (MILO)/ARRAY-162-311/ENGOT-ov11 trial showed that the MEK1/2 inhibitor binimetinib did not improve progression-free survival vs physician’s choice...

breast cancer

Addition of Veliparib to Carboplatin/Paclitaxel in Previously Treated Patients With BRCA-Mutated Advanced Breast Cancer: BROCADE3 Trial

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Véronique Diéras, MD, and colleagues, the phase III BROCADE3 trial showed a significant improvement in progression-free survival with the addition of the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor veliparib to carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with...

breast cancer

Association of Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy With Overall Survival in Small HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In a National Cancer Database cohort study reported in a research letter in JAMA Network Open, Ma et al found that receipt vs no receipt of adjuvant endocrine therapy was associated with improved overall survival in women with small hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancers. As...

gynecologic cancers

Risk‐Reducing Early Salpingectomy and Delayed Oophorectomy Among Premenopausal Women

A study published by Gaba et al in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology has found that risk‐reducing early salpingectomy and delayed oophorectomy is highly acceptable among premenopausal women at increased risk for developing ovarian cancer—particularly among patients...

sarcoma

Comparing Pazopanib to Doxorubicin in Patients Aged 60 and Older With Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

Doxorubicin is a standard of care in patients with advanced inoperable soft-tissue sarcoma. In the EPAZ study, German researchers tested whether pazopanib showed comparable efficacy to doxorubicin in the first-line treatment of elderly patients with soft-tissue sarcoma. Grünwald et al reported in...

leukemia

FDA Approves Oral Azacitidine as Maintenance Therapy for Adults With AML in First Remission

On September 1, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved oral azacitidine (Onureg; also known as CC-486) for the continued treatment of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who achieved first complete remission or complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery...

breast cancer

Changes in Reoperation Rates After Publication of SSO/ASTRO Guideline on Margins for Breast-Conserving Surgery

In a meta-analysis reported in JAMA Surgery, Marinovich et al found that reoperation rates after breast-conserving surgery in women with breast cancer declined after the publication of the Society of Surgical Oncology/American Society for Radiation Oncology (SSO/ASTRO) Consensus Guideline on...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Is It Time to Add Checkpoint Inhibitors to the Treatment of Locally Advanced Lung Cancer?

After more than 20 years of failed strategies to improve survival rates for locally advanced lung cancers, checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized therapy, but prognoses still lag behind other tumor types. During the ASCO20 Virtual Education Program, Mark G. Kris, MD, FASCO, a thoracic medical...

survivorship

Impact of Prior Insurance Coverage Disruptions on Health-Care Access and Affordability for Currently Insured Cancer Survivors

A new study from the American Cancer Society has found health insurance coverage disruptions in the prior year led to issues with health-care access and affordability for currently insured cancer survivors. The study was published by Zhao et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention....

hematologic malignancies
covid-19

Are Patients With Hematologic Cancers More Vulnerable to the Effects of COVID-19?

A new study from the UK Coronavirus Cancer Monitoring Project (UKCCMP) has found that, compared with patients who have other malignancies, patients with blood cancers are more vulnerable to the effects of COVID-19 infection. These results were published by Lee et al in The Lancet Oncology. As...

geriatric oncology

Geriatric Comanagement After Cancer Surgery in Patients Aged 75 and Older

In a single-institution study reported in JAMA Network Open, Shahrokni et al found that postoperative care comanaged by the geriatrics service and surgical service was associated with reduced 90-day postoperative mortality vs care managed by the surgical service alone among patients aged 75 and...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Assessment of Potential Abscopal Effect of SBRT Added to Nivolumab in Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

In a single-center phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, McBride et al found that use of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for a potential abscopal effect together with nivolumab did not improve objective response rate vs nivolumab alone in patients with metastatic head...

prostate cancer

Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Sorting Through the Treatment Maze

The message still needs to get out that metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer should be treated with both androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) and either docetaxel or an androgen receptor pathway inhibitor. In spite of “overwhelming” support for ADT plus abiraterone/prednisone,...

genomics/genetics

FDA Approves FoundationOne Liquid CDx, a Pan-Tumor Liquid Biopsy Test

On August 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved FoundationOne Liquid CDx, a comprehensive pan-tumor liquid biopsy test for patients with solid tumors. FoundationOne Liquid CDx is a comprehensive genomic-profiling test that analyzes more than 300 cancer-related genes and multiple...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Meta-analysis of FOLFOXIRI/Bevacizumab vs Doublets/Bevacizumab as Initial Treatment for Unresectable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a patient-level meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chiara Cremolini, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that infusional fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan (FOLFOXIRI) plus bevacizumab was associated with significantly greater overall survival vs...

Expert Point of View: Misako Nagasaka, MD

The invited discussant of the ORIENT-11 trial, Misako Nagasaka, MD, a medical oncologist at Karmanos Cancer Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, noted that, if approved, sintilimab will join a crowded list of first-line immuno-oncology agents for advanced non–small cell lung cancer,...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

ORIENT-11 Trial Shows Sintilimab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced NSCLC

The first-line setting for patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) now has become more complicated, according to data presented during the 2020 International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer’s World Conference on Lung Cancer Virtual...

issues in oncology

Race Disparities in Receipt of Proton Radiotherapy in Children’s Oncology Group Trials

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Bitterman et al found that Black pediatric patients enrolled in Children’s Oncology Group (COG) trials were significantly less likely to receive proton radiotherapy than non-Hispanic White pediatric patients. As stated by the investigators, “Proton radiotherapy ...

cost of care

Web-Based Tool May Help Patients With Cancer Choose the Best Insurance for Their Needs

Given the rising costs of cancer care, many patients with cancer and cancer survivors are challenged by financial toxicity, the burden of care costs. Many struggle to choose a health insurance plan that best meets their needs. Moreover, these challenges are often exacerbated by limited health...

integrative oncology

Acupuncture vs Sham Procedure and Usual Care for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy

Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a debilitating and enduring adverse effect of many antineoplastic agents, which negatively impacts the quality of life of patients with cancer and survivors. Current pharmacotherapy has limited efficacy and causes undesirable effects. In this...

supportive care

Use of Risk Prediction Model for Bloodstream Infection in Febrile Pediatric Patients With Cancer Without Severe Neutropenia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Esbenshade et al prospectively evaluated the Esbenshade Vanderbilt (EsVan) model for risk prediction of bloodstream infections in febrile pediatric patients with cancer without severe neutropenia, showing that the model accurately predicted...

lung cancer
covid-19

Marina C. Garassino, MD, on COVID-19 and Thoracic Malignancies: TERAVOLT Registry

Marina C. Garassino, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori di Milano, discusses the global registry she and her colleagues created to track and address the 35% higher mortality risk from COVID-19 among patients with lung cancer who are treated with chemotherapy.

Highlights From the IASLC Virtual Presidential Symposium

This week on The ASCO Post Podcast, we'll first hear about a study of the monoclonal antibody sintilimab in combination with pemetrexed and platinum to treat advanced nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer. Then we'll review the results of the CheckMate 743 trial, which suggest a new standard of...

cost of care
survivorship

Cost-Effectiveness of Screening Guidelines to Prevent Heart Failure in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ehrhardt et al identified intervals of screening for heart failure that were cost-effective among survivors of childhood cancer, according to heart failure risk defined by International Late Effects of Childhood Cancer Guideline Harmonization ...

prostate cancer
covid-19

Effect of Timing of Radiotherapy Relative to ADT on Overall Survival in Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Dee et al found that radiotherapy (RT) initiated at up to 6 months after the start of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was not associated with poorer overall survival vs initiation before ADT in men with prostate cancer. The investigators observed that these...

lung cancer
thyroid cancer

RET Inhibitor Selpercatinib Achieves Durable Responses in Majority of Patients With RET Gene Fusions

For patients with non–small cell lung cancers (NSCLC) marked by RET gene fusions, the targeted therapy selpercatinib was well tolerated and achieved durable objective responses in the majority of participants in the phase I/II LIBRETTO-001 trial, according to researchers from The University of...

covid-19

Austrian Study of SARS-CoV-2 Testing in Patients With Cancer Treated at a Tertiary Care Hospital During the COVID-19 Pandemic

In an Austrian study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Berghoff et al found that 0.4% of consecutive patients with cancer treated at Medical University of Vienna tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 between March 21 and May 4, 2020, after implementation of institutional and governmental...

issues in oncology
health-care policy

Medicare Part D Spending on Oncology Drugs

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Ziakas et al found that Medicare Part D spending on oncology drugs increased markedly between 2013 and 2017, with spending increasing at a rate markedly greater than that attributed to all other medical care providers. Study Details Medicare Part D...

leukemia

Addition of Nelarabine to Standard Therapy in Newly Diagnosed T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dunsmore et al, the phase III Children’s Oncology Group AALL0434 trial has shown that the addition of nelarabine to standard therapy improved disease-free survival in children and young adults with newly diagnosed T-cell acute lymphoblastic...

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