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Breast Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Reflections on Evolution of Breast Cancer Care in India Over the Past 4 Decades

India has witnessed a major paradigm shift in the field of breast cancer and its management over the past 4 decades. The discipline of medical oncology has evolved exponentially over this period—a growth that few other scientific disciplines have experienced. Interventions at the individual,...

Global Cancer Care

Early Adopter of Breast Conservation, Surgical Oncologist Augusto Leon, MD, Reflects on Cancer Care in Chile

In this installment of the occasional department on Global Health-Care Equity, Guest Editor, Chandrakanth Are, MBBS, MBA, FRCS, FACS, spoke with Augusto Leon, MD, a surgical oncologist and Head of the Program of Cancer at Pontifical University of Chile, Santiago. Dr. Are is JL & CJ Varner...

Global Cancer Care

Predicting Global Cancer Trends in 2021

Although we are just halfway through 2021, the outlook for improvements in global cancer trends looks grim. According to new estimates by the International Agency for Research on Cancer’s Global Cancer Observatory, the global cancer burden rose to 19.3 million cases and 10 million deaths in 2020...

Global Cancer Care

Postoperative Mortality and Complications After Cancer Surgery in High- vs Low- or Middle-Income Countries

In a prospective cohort study reported in The Lancet, the GlobalSurg Collaborative found that 30-day mortality after surgery for colorectal and gastric cancers, but not breast cancer, was higher in low- or middle-income countries vs high-income countries.1 Among all patients, mortality rates...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

New Recommendations From WHO and HRP for the Screening and Treatment of Cervical Cancer

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Human Reproduction Programme (HRP)—the main instrument within the United Nations system for research in human reproduction—have launched a new guideline to help countries make faster progress, more equitably, in the screening and treatment of cervical...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer in Morocco: Access to Innovative Treatments and Research Status

Morocco is an Arab country in North Africa. It covers 716,550 square kilometers and has a population of nearly 36 million. The median age is 29.3 years. Morocco’s estimated gross domestic product (GDP) in 2019 was $122 million. As of 2019, Morocco’s health budget was equivalent to 4.5% of the total ...

Global Cancer Care
COVID-19

Harnessing a Worldwide Effort to Combat COVID-19 and Cancer

This past October, in a virtually held ceremony of the General Assembly of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), Anil K. D’Cruz, MBBS, MS, DNB, FRCS (Hon), Director of Oncology at Apollo Hospitals in Mumbai, Chennai, and Delhi, India, began his 2-year tenure as President of the global...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics
Global Cancer Care

Prevalence of Germline BRCA Mutations in Women With Ovarian Cancer in India

In a prospective cross-sectional study reported in JCO Global Oncology, Gupta et al found that women with ovarian cancer in India had a high prevalence of pathogenic or likely pathogenic BRCA variants. As stated by the investigators: “There are deficient data on prevalence of germline mutations in...

Colorectal Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in European Countries

In a European population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cardoso et al found that colorectal cancer incidence and mortality declined more in European countries with long-standing colonoscopy or fecal test screening programs since the year 2000 compared to countries with more recently...

COVID-19
Global Cancer Care

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Delivery of Oncology Services in India

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ranganathan et al quantified the enormous impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on delivery of cancer services in India. Study Details The study involved data from 41 cancer centers across the nation. The delivery of oncology services between March 1 and May...

Global Cancer Care
COVID-19

Global Responses to COVID-19 Pandemic–Related Disruptions in Cancer Care

COVID-19 pandemic–related disruptions in cancer diagnosis, treatment, and research have varied worldwide and so have the responses to those disruptions. During the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care, members of the Global Forum of Cancer...

Global Cancer Care
COVID-19
Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

Celebrating 50 Years of Cancer Progress: The International View

Although the National Cancer Act of 1971 has resulted in tremendous advances in cancer research, which have led to sharp declines in cancer mortality in the United States—from 1991 to 2018, there has been a 31% decrease in overall cancer death rates—and more than 17 million cancer survivors,1 much...

Global Cancer Care
COVID-19

ASCO’s President-Elect Focuses on Advancing Equitable Cancer Care Through Innovation

Internationally renowned for his pioneering research in combining high-dose radiation therapy and chemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced head and neck cancer to improve patient survival, ASCO’s President-Elect Everett E. Vokes, MD, FASCO, is dedicating his tenure as President to...

Solid Tumors
Bladder Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Oncologists Launch Global Society to Improve Clinical Research, Standardize Treatment, and Improve Patient Education About Rare Genitourinary Tumors

Late this past year, a group of oncologists led by Philippe E. Spiess, MD, MS, FRCS(C), FACS, Assistant Chief of Surgical Services and Senior Member in the Department of Genitourinary Oncology at Moffitt Cancer Center and Professor in the Department of Urology at the University of South Florida;...

Global Cancer Care
Issues in Oncology

Chernobyl at 35 Years: An Oncologist’s Perspective

Editor’s note: Dr. Gale is an authority on medical response to nuclear and radiation accidents and participated in rescue efforts at the Chernobyl disaster, as well as at Goiania, Tokaimura, and Fukushima, among other radiation and nuclear accidents. Anyone reading the popular press or even...

Global Cancer Care

Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Belize

Located on the northeast coast of Central America, Belize is a small, upper middle–income country bordered by Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean Sea. Belize has a population of about 405,000 people (Table 1), of which about 15% are immigrants. Belize is considered to be one of the most...

Global Cancer Care
COVID-19

Cancer Care in Sudan During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Sudan is one of Africa’s largest countries, rich in underutilized natural resources but rife with conflicts and civil wars that have been ongoing since it gained its independence in 1956. These problems have reflected negatively on the health-care system. Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, is a busy...

Global Cancer Care
Gynecologic Cancers

Increasing Cervical Cancer Prevention and Care in Nepal

A new JCO Global Oncology special article details the process and results of a Multidisciplinary Cervical Cancer Prevention Course that ASCO volunteers led in Nepal, where cervical cancer remains the most common cancer among women and most patients present with an advanced stage of the disease.1...

Health-Care Policy
Global Cancer Care

Cancer Control in Egypt: Investing in Health

Egypt is a country of 1,010,408 km2 located on the northeast corner of Africa with a population exceeding 100 million. In 2018, there were about 134,632 new cancer cases and 89,042 cancer-related deaths in Egypt. Liver and breast cancers are the most common tumors in terms of incidence and...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Female Breast Cancer Surpasses Lung Cancer as the Most Commonly Diagnosed Cancer Worldwide

Cancer ranks as a leading cause of death in every country in the world, and, for the first time, female breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer, overtaking lung cancer, according to a collaborative report from the American Cancer Society (ACS) and the International Agency for Research...

Global Cancer Care

Lydia Pace, MD, MPH: A Primary Care Physician on the Front Lines of Oncology, Both Nationally and Globally

Lydia Pace, MD, MPH, was inspired to a become a doctor by her grandfather, a general surgeon in New York City, who spoke effulgently of his career in medicine, and by her mother, a social worker who was equally passionate about her profession. A primary care physician, Dr. Pace developed an...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Study Establishes Global Burden of Gallbladder and Biliary Tract Cancer

Although cancers of the gallbladder or bile ducts are rare, their rates of occurrence are increasing. A recent study published by Ouyang et al in the journal Cancer provided details on the burden of gallbladder and biliary tract cancer across 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2017....

gynecologic cancers
global cancer care

Edward L. Trimble, MD, MPH, on Cervical Cancer: A Global WHO Initiative

Edward L. Trimble, MD, MPH, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses the World Health Organization’s global strategy to speed the elimination of cervical cancer through vaccination, screening, treatment, and training for multidisciplinary teams in gynecologic oncology care. This marks the first time that 194 countries have committed to such an effort (ID # 10203).

Global Cancer Care

Value of Global Scale-up of Cancer Care: Investment in Treatment, Imaging, and Quality of Care

In a simulation-based analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ward et al found that the scaling up of cancer treatment packages, imaging modalities, and quality of care to the levels found in high-income countries would markedly reduce cancer mortality in low- to middle-income countries, as well...

Breast Cancer
Global Cancer Care

New Global Breast Cancer Initiative Highlights Renewed Commitment to Improve Survival

A major new collaborative effort, the Global Breast Cancer Initiative, was introduced by the World Health Organization (WHO), with the objective of reducing global breast cancer mortality by 2.5% per year until 2040, thereby averting an estimated 2.5 million deaths.  In recognition of International ...

Issues in Oncology
Global Cancer Care

New WHO/IAEA Publication Provides Guidance on Radiotherapy Equipment Procurement

New guidance from the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on the procurement of radiotherapy equipment could improve access to this life-saving cancer treatment option across the world. The new technical guidance aims to ensure that the selection of...

Breast Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Increase in Diagnosis of Node-Positive and Stage III Breast Cancer After Screening Interruption Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic

A new report from Italy published by Toss et al in ESMO Open noted an increase in diagnoses of node-positive and stage III breast cancer after a 2-month interruption in breast cancer screening due to the COVID-19 pandemic. These findings support recommendations for a quick restoration of breast...

Breast Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Effect of Clinical Breast Examination Screening on Stage at Diagnosis and Breast Cancer Mortality

In an Indian study reported in the British Medical Journal, Mittra et al found that breast cancer screening with clinical breast examination vs active surveillance resulted in younger age and significant downstaging of disease at diagnosis of breast cancer, a significant reduction in breast cancer...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer on the Global Stage: Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Kenya

The ASCO Post is pleased to continue this occasional special focus on the worldwide cancer burden. In this issue, we feature a close look at the cancer incidence and mortality rates in Kenya. The aim of this special feature is to highlight the global cancer burden for various countries of the...

Issues in Oncology
COVID-19
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Impact of COVID-19 on Cancer Care Has Been ‘Profound,’ According to WHO

More than a year since the new coronavirus crisis began, its impact on cancer care has been stark, with “50% of governments (having) cancer services partially or completely disrupted because of the pandemic,” said André Ilbawi, MD, of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Department of...

Global Cancer Care

Development and Performance of a Population-Based Benchmark Model for Use of Cancer Surgery in High-Income Countries

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Perera et al developed a population-based benchmark model for guideline-recommended use of surgery for primary cancers in high-income countries. Actual use of surgery was often consistent with model predictions but sometimes varied markedly. Study ...

Global Cancer Care
Issues in Oncology

Variation in Postoperative Mortality and Complications After Cancer Surgery Between High- vs Low- and Middle-Income Countries

In a prospective cohort study reported in The Lancet, Knight et al found that 30-day mortality after surgery for colorectal and gastric cancers was higher in low- and middle-income countries vs high-income countries (LMICs), with the difference only partly accounted for by patient or disease...

Global Cancer Care
COVID-19

World Cancer Day 2021 to Focus on Adaptations and Innovations in Cancer Care Through COVID-19 and Beyond

To mark World Cancer Day on February 4, the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) will give voice to and say thank you to the nurses, doctors, researchers, volunteers, advocates, and other caregivers in oncology from around the world, as well as government agencies, who have worked through...

Global Cancer Care
Issues in Oncology

Estimated Global Demand for Cancer Surgery and Its Associated Workforce Over the Next 2 Decades

A modeling study of global demand for cancer surgery and estimated surgical and anesthesia workforce requirements between 2018 and 2040 showed a predicted increase, which could especially impact low-income countries. These findings were published by Perera et al in The Lancet Oncology. Study...

Global Cancer Care

Indian Surgical Oncologist Offers Insights Into Delivering Equitable Cancer Care in a Resource-Challenged Country

The ASCO Post is pleased to introduce this department on Global Health-Care Equity. On an occasional basis, we will publish interviews between Guest Editor, Chandrakanth Are, MBBS, MBA, FRCS, FACS, and another oncologist or cancer care specialist spanning regions around the world. Our goal is to...

Issues in Oncology
Global Cancer Care
COVID-19

ASCO’s New Chief Medical Officer Plans to Tackle the Global Burden of Cancer and Disparities in Access to Care

In November, ASCO announced that Julie R. Gralow, MD, FACP, FASCO, will succeed Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, as Chief Medical Officer (CMO) of the Society. Dr. Gralow will begin her new position on February 15, 2021. Dr. Gralow’s long relationship with ASCO dates back to 1995, when...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer on the Global Stage: Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Burkina Faso

The ASCO Post is pleased to continue this occasional special focus on the worldwide cancer burden. In this issue, we feature a close look at the cancer incidence and mortality rates in Burkina Faso. The aim of this special feature is to highlight the global cancer burden for various countries of...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Global Burden of Cervical Cancer and Association With HIV

A research team has quantified the effects of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the development of cervical cancer. Their results show that the risk of developing cervical cancer is six times higher in women who are infected with HIV, and that women who live in Southern and...

Global Cancer Care

GLOBOCAN 2020 Database Provides Latest Global Data on Cancer Burden, Cancer Deaths

On December 15, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) released the latest estimates on the global burden of cancer. The GLOBOCAN 2020 database, accessible online as part of the IARC Global Cancer Observatory, provides estimates of incidence and mortality in 185 countries for 36...

Issues in Oncology
Global Cancer Care

European Experts Tackle HPV-Related Cancers

The prevention of infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV), and its related cancers, has become a focus of the European Cancer Organisation. At the group’s 2020 European Cancer Summit, held virtually, members of the organization’s HPV Action Network convened with other experts to share...

Issues in Oncology
Global Cancer Care

Panel on Global Cancer Control Looks for Ways Forward in a War That’s Proving Hard to Win

Are we winning the war on cancer? It’s not so clear, especially with COVID-19 poised to erase recent gains, panelists said at a session on global cancer control at the 2020 European Cancer Summit, which was sponsored by the European Cancer Organisation. “We know what we have to do. My question is...

Issues in Oncology
Global Cancer Care

Addressing Inequality in Cancer Care on a Global Scale

It has become a familiar theme of late: Inequities exist in all aspects of cancer care. Although study after study documents problems with access to care and poorer cancer outcomes among underrepresented groups, less is heard about organized efforts to address these issues. This critical topic was...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer on the Global Stage: Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Colombia

Colombia is located in the northwestern corner of South America, geographically privileged with coasts on both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the Andean region, and the Amazon rainforest. Based on its population of nearly 50 million (see Table 1), Colombia is the second largest country in South...

Global Cancer Care

Assessing the Progress Made in Global Cancer Care and Looking Toward the Future

In October 2020, Her Royal Highness Princess Dina Mired of Jordan ended her 2-year tenure as President of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), a global organization with more than 1,198 members from 172 countries and territories committed to reducing the cancer burden and...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer on the Global Stage: Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Chile

Chile has a population of approximately 19 million living predominantly in urban areas (87.7%), with a population density of 66 inhabitants per square mile.1 For the year 2020, approximately 12% of its population was older than 65 years.1 Socioeconomic Trends and Cancer The country has experienced ...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer in My Community: Caring for Children With Cancer in Armenia

Cancer in My Community is a Cancer.Net Blog series that shows the global impact of cancer and how providers work to care for people with cancer in their region. Why I Care for People With Cancer When you tell someone that you are a pediatric oncologist and treat children with cancer, the first...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer on the Global Stage: Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Botswana

The ASCO Post is pleased to continue this occasional special focus on the worldwide cancer burden. In this issue, we feature a close look at the cancer incidence and mortality rates in Botswana. The aim of this special feature is to highlight the global cancer burden for various countries of the...

Global Cancer Care

Cervical Cancer Screening and Prevention in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: 2020

Cervical cancer is a worldwide public health problem. The incidence of the disease is particularly high in low- and middle-income countries, where low coverage of prevention strategies and high risk of infection persist. To reduce morbidity and mortality, improved screening and prevention are...

Global Cancer Care
Gynecologic Cancers

Simple Rapid Vinegar Screening Test Cuts Cervical Cancer Death Rates by One-Third in Rural India

In 2013, at the ASCO Annual Meeting Plenary Session, it was both surprising and encouraging in the era of personalized medicine for cancer care to hear about a simple low-tech intervention delivered by women in the community that cut the rate of death from cervical cancer in India by about...

Global Cancer Care

Cancer on the Global Stage: Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Cambodia

The ASCO Post is pleased to continue this occasional special focus on the worldwide cancer burden. In this issue, we feature a close look at the cancer incidence and mortality rates in Cambodia. The aim of this special feature is to highlight the global cancer burden for various countries of the...

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