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prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Association Between ADT for Prostate Cancer and Diagnosis of Alzheimer Disease or Dementia in Older Patients

In a report published by Jayadevappa et al in JAMA Network Open, researchers found that among older patients with prostate cancer, treatment with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was associated with a subsequent diagnosis of Alzheimer disease or dementia over a follow-up period of at least 10...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2019: Phase I/II Trial of Lutetium-177–PSMA-617 Plus Idronoxil in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

A novel therapy using two targeted treatments for prostate cancer has been shown to maximize efficacy while reducing side effects, according to research presented at the 2019 Annual Meeting of the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNMMI) and published by Emmett et al in The Journal ...

prostate cancer

SNMMI 2019: PSMA PET During Lu-177–PSMA Radioligand Therapy May Help Guide Treatment

Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after two cycles of lutetium-177 (Lu-177)-PSMA radioligand therapy has shown a significant predictive value for patient survival. The research was...

prostate cancer
survivorship

Evaluation of PROMIS Measures After Radical Prostatectomy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Agochukwu et al validated the sexual interest and sexual satisfaction single-item measures of the Patient-Reported Outcome Measurement Information System (PROMIS) in men who underwent radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. The study ...

prostate cancer

Failure-Free Survival With Ultrahypofractionated vs Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer

In the Scandinavian phase III HYPO-RT-PC trial reported in The Lancet, Widmark et al found that ultrahypofractionated radiotherapy was noninferior to conventionally fractionated radiotherapy in failure-free survival in patients with intermediate- to high- risk prostate cancer. Study Details In...

Prostate Cancer

Two Studies Question the Role of Continuous LHRH Antagonists in Metastatic Castration‑Resistant Prostate Cancer

In the field of prostate cancer, the use of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer is received wisdom. When experts are asked why ADT is continued once the disease has figured out how to evade hormone suppression, the answer invariably is...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide Improves Survival Outcomes in Castration-Sensitive Metastatic Prostate Cancer in TITAN Trial

Adding apalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly improved survival in men with metastatic castration-sensitive (also termed hormone-sensitive) prostate cancer, according to the results of the phase III TITAN trial, which were presented at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting and...

Prostate Cancer

Chemotherapy and/or Hormonal Agents: Differing Perspectives

WHEN ASKED which treatment to start with—docetaxel or enzalutamide, Dr. Sweeney said, “Patients fit for chemotherapy with high-volume disease can receive chemotherapy [docetaxel] and come back to these newer hormonal treatments or start with anyone of the hormonal options. Choosing among the newer...

Prostate Cancer

ENZAMET Trial Shows Enzalutamide Improves Overall Survival in Hormone-Sensitive Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Agents that improve survival in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer when added to background androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) are showing success in treating metastatic prostate cancer earlier while it is still hormone-sensitive. These agents include docetaxel (chemotherapy) and...

Prostate Cancer

Darolutamide in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Delaying Overt Metastatic Disease Is a Major Advance

Nonmetastatic (M0) castration-resistant prostate cancer arises in the subset of men with biochemically recurrent disease (ie, rising prostate-specific antigen [PSA] level after definitive therapy in the absence of metastases) who develop PSA progression after chronic exposure to...

Prostate Cancer

ARAMIS Trial: Darolutamide in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase III ARAMIS trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Karim Fizazi, MD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, Universite Paris-Sud, Villejuif, France, and colleagues found that the androgen-receptor antagonist darolutamide significantly prolonged metastasis-free survival vs placebo ...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Exposure to Specific Carcinogens and Prostate Cancer Risk Among World Trade Center First Responders

Since the attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001, studies have shown an increased risk of several cancers—including multiple myeloma and prostate, head and neck, and thyroid cancers—among first responders to the scene. The results from a new study by Gong et al...

prostate cancer

Body Fat Distribution and Risk of Aggressive Prostate Cancer

In a prospective study of directly measured body fat distribution and prostate cancer risk, investigators found that higher levels of abdominal and thigh fat are associated with an increased risk of aggressive prostate cancer. The findings—published by Dickerman et al in Cancer—may lead ...

prostate cancer

Toxicity With Prostate-Only vs Prostate and Pelvic Lymph Node Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

In a UK national population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Parry et al found virtually no difference in gastrointestinal or genitourinary toxicity associated with prostate-only (PO-IMRT) vs prostate and pelvic lymph node intensity-modulated radiation therapy (PPLN-IMRT)...

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer
solid tumors

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, on ANZUP: Taking a Multidisciplinary Approach to Prostate, Kidney, Bladder, Testicular, and Penile Cancers

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, discuss the Australian and New Zealand Urogenital and Prostate Cancer Trials Group, working globally to speed clinical research in and treatment of urogenital cancers.

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: TOPARP-B Finds Olaparib Shows Efficacy in Men With BRCA-Mutant Prostate Cancer

The poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib may benefit some men with prostate cancer, according to findings from the phase II TOPARP-B trial presented by Mateo et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5005).   Olaparib previously showed activity against metastatic...

prostate cancer

Cancer-Specific and Other-Cause Mortality Among Black Men With Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Dess et al found that after adjustment for nonbiologic differences, black men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer did not appear to have higher rates of prostate cancer–specific mortality vs white men. Black patients had higher rates of other-cause...

lymphoma
multiple myeloma
prostate cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Reviews and Designations in Multiple Myeloma, Lymphoma, Prostate Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review for daratumumab in combination with a triplet therapy in multiple myeloma, Breakthrough Therapy designation to copanlisib for marginal zone lymphoma, and Fast Track designation for ARV-110 in metastatic...

prostate cancer

Active Surveillance/Watchful Waiting for Black Patients With Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Butler et al found that the proportion of black patients with low-risk prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance remained lower than that among nonblack patients, despite increased use of the strategy in both ...

prostate cancer

Kim N. Chi, MD, on Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer: First Results From the TITAN Trial

Kim N. Chi, MD, of BC Cancer, discusses the first phase III findings from the TITAN study of apalutamide vs placebo in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer receiving androgen-deprivation therapy (Abstract 5006).

prostate cancer

Kim N. Chi, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Cabazitaxel vs Abiraterone or Enzalutamide in the Metastatic Setting

Kim N. Chi, MD, of BC Cancer, discusses updated results from a phase II study of cabazitaxel vs abiraterone or enzalutamide in patients with poor-prognosis metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract 5003).

prostate cancer

Michael J. Morris, MD, on Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Adding Abiraterone Acetate to Enzalutamide

Michael J. Morris, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the phase III findings from the Alliance A031201 trial, which showed that adding abiraterone acetate to enzalutamide did not improve survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract 5008).

prostate cancer

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Zachery Reichert, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Focal Radiation for Oligometastatic Castration-Resistant Disease

Miriam Knoll, MD, and Zachery Reichert, MD, PhD, discuss the FORCE trial, which is examining whether radiation can create a more durable response to systemic therapy, and whether using newer, more sensitive imaging technologies can improve outcomes (Abstract TPS5096).

prostate cancer

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on the ARAMIS Trial in Prostate Cancer: Impact of Darolutamide on Pain and Quality of Life

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, University of Paris-Sud, discusses study findings showing that not only does darolutamide prolong metastasis-free survival, it maintains quality of life as well as delays worsening of pain and disease-related symptoms compared with placebo for patients with nonmetastatic castrate-resistant prostate cancer (Abstract 5000).

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: ENZAMET: Addition of Enzalutamide to Standard of Care in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

An interim analysis of the international, randomized phase III ENZAMET trial found that 80% of men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer who received the nonsteroidal antiandrogen agent enzalutamide along with standard-of-care treatment were alive after 3 years, compared with 72% of men ...

prostate cancer

Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: ENZAMET Trial on Enzalutamide for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Disease

Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, of Monash University and Eastern Health, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuss phase III findings from their international trial on adding enzalutamide as a new treatment option with testosterone suppression for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (Abstract LBA2).

prostate cancer

2019 ASCO: TITAN Study Assesses Apalutamide vs Placebo During Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Results from the phase III TITAN trial, presented by Chi et al at the 2019 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5006), showed that the addition of apalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) improved radiographic progression-free and overall survival in patients with metastatic castration-sensitive...

Prostate Cancer

New Radiation Options for Localized Prostate Cancer May Improve Patient Outcomes

External-beam radiation therapy (EBRT) is a standard treatment option for men with localized prostate cancer and confers long-term prostate cancer control outcomes equal to radical prostatectomy. Technologic advances in imaging and computing during the past 20 years have led to a number of...

prostate cancer

Prostate-Only vs Whole-Pelvis Radiotherapy in Gleason Grade 5 Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective analysis published in European Urology, Sandler et al examined the protocol for treating aggressive prostate cancer. Researchers aimed to study the impact of whole-pelvis radiation on men with Gleason grade 5 disease who had been treated with external-beam radiotherapy with...

prostate cancer

Alterations in the RB1 Gene and Outcomes in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Scientists have identified a genetic mutation in the tumors of some men with prostate cancer that is linked to very poor survival, and which could be used to help select certain patients for more intensive treatment. These findings were published by Abida et al in the Proceedings of the...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Bladder Cancer

2019 Updates to NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Genitourinary Oncology

The 24th Annual Conference of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) was held this past March in Orlando, Florida. Updates to a number of Clinical Practice Guidelines (NCCN Guidelines®) were reported, including three relevant to the field of genitourinary oncology: kidney cancer,...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Bladder Cancer

New Drugs and Novel Indications for Genitourinary Cancers, FDA Approved 2017–2019

May 14, 2019: Avelumab (Bavencio) plus axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). April 19, 2019: Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) plus axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC). April 12,...

Prostate Cancer

Enzalutamide Plus Androgen Deprivation Therapy in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Adding enzalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly prolonged radiographic progression-free survival in men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, reducing the risk of disease progression or death by 61% compared with ADT plus placebo, according to the results of the ...

Prostate Cancer

LATITUDE Trial in Newly Diagnosed, Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Final Overall Survival Analysis

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the final overall survival analysis in the phase III LATITUDE trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in newly diagnosed,...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Sarcoma
Leukemia
Skin Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2019 Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®), covering eight tumor types. NCCN Guidelines are now published for more than 70 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates for 2019 were presented...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

A Year in Review

The past year has seen groundbreaking advances in the treatment of genitourinary (GU) cancers, which in some cases are resulting in altering the standard of care for patients with renal cell carcinoma, prostate cancer, and urothelial carcinoma. Some of the biggest changes that have occurred are for ...

prostate cancer

ASTRO and AUA Announce Updates to Joint Clinical Guidance for Adjuvant and Salvage Radiotherapy After Prostatectomy

The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) and the American Urological Association (AUA) recently announced updates to their joint clinical guideline on adjuvant and salvage radiotherapy after prostatectomy in patients with and without evidence of prostate cancer recurrence to include new...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Alcohol Intake and Risk of Lethal Prostate Cancer

As reported by Downer et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, findings from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study indicate that moderate alcohol consumption is safe for patients with prostate cancer. Study Details The prospective cohort study used data from the Health Professionals...

prostate cancer

AUA 2019: Insights in Prostate Cancer Identification and Management

Prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment are ever-changing, with new research showcasing different ways to identify and manage patients with the disease. Three new abstracts—highlighting how beta-blockers may impact prostate cancer risk, the advantages and disadvantages of using magnetic...

breast cancer
prostate cancer
symptom management

ESTRO 38: REQUITE Project Finds Predictive Biomarkers for Late Radiotherapy Toxicity

The latest results from the REQUITE project, which aimed to discover what makes patients more likely to experience adverse effects after radiotherapy, have shown that a combination of biologic markers and certain genetic changes can predict radiation sensitivity. In addition, the international team ...

prostate cancer

ESTRO 38: High–Dose Rate Brachytherapy in Localized Prostate Cancer

A single high dose of radiation that can be delivered directly to a treatment site within a few minutes is a safe and effective technique for treating men with localized, low-risk prostate cancer, according to a study presented by Tharmalingam et al at ESTRO 38, the annual congress of the ...

solid tumors
leukemia
prostate cancer
pain management

FDA Pipeline: Applications and Designations in Prostate Cancer, Leukemia, and HER2-Positive Cancers

In the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application and granted Priority Review for a prostate cancer treatment, granted Orphan Drug designation to a treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukemia, accepted an investigational new drug application for a...

prostate cancer

Final Overall Survival Analysis of the LATITUDE Trial in Newly Diagnosed, High-Risk, Metastatic, Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Fizazi et al, the final overall survival analysis in the phase III LATITUDE trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone to androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in newly diagnosed, high-risk, metastatic, ...

Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Combined With Ipilimumab Shows Activity in Prostate Cancer Subsets

In contrast with melanoma, lung cancer, and kidney cancer, immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy has been disappointing in prostate cancer thus far. Because of success in treating other tumor types, interest remains high in exploring the effect of immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibition in prostate...

Prostate Cancer

Enzalutamide Plus ADT Extends Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

Adding enzalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly prolonged radiographic progression-free survival in men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, reducing the risk of disease progression or death by 61% compared with ADT plus placebo, according to the results of the ...

Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 650: Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

SOME PATIENTS with metastatic prostate cancer may respond to a combination of immune checkpoint inhibitors after treatment with hormonal therapy and chemotherapy is not successful, according to early results from the phase II CheckMate 650 trial. Principal Investigator Padmanee Sharma, MD, PhD,...

Prostate Cancer

SBRT vs Conventionally Fractionated, or Moderately Hypofractionated External-Beam Radiotherapy, for Localized Prostate Cancer

TREATMENT WITH stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) results in a similar safety profile to conventionally fractionated, or moderately hypofractionated external-beam radiotherapy, in men with low- or intermediate- risk prostate cancer, according to preliminary results of the Prostate Advances ...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Ian Davis, MBBS (Hons), PhD, FRACP, FAChPM

ALTHOUGH ARCHES was a positive trial, results may not signal a practice change at this time, according to formal discussant Ian Davis, MBBS (Hons), PhD, FRACP, FAChPM, Monash University Eastern Health Clinical School, Melbourne. “We should proceed with caution and probably not change practice yet,” ...

Prostate Cancer

Interim Analysis of the ARCHES Trial: Enzalutamide Plus Androgen-Deprivation Therapy for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

ADDING ENZALUTAMIDE to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) significantly prolonged radiographic progression-free survival in men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer, reducing the risk of progression or death by 61% compared with ADT plus placebo, according to results of the phase III...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Ian Davis, MBBS (Hons), PhD, FRACP, FAChPM

THE FORMAL discussant of the ARAMIS trial, Ian Davis, MBBS (Hons), PhD, FRACP, FAChPM, of Monash University and Eastern Health, Melbourne, commented: “ARAMIS is a positive trial with encouraging early results. It has a meaningful endpoint of metastasis-free survival with acceptable toxicity....

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