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Prostate Cancer

New Study Examines Genetic Effects on Genitourinary Toxicity in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Although radiation can be an effective therapy for prostate cancer, about one in six men will experience more frequent or painful urination as a lingering side effect. These disruptive genitourinary toxicities can occur whether the patient receives conventionally fractionated radiotherapy or...

Prostate Cancer

Educational Intervention Increases Knowledge About Prostate Cancer and Intention to Screen Among High-Risk Patients

In a study published by Charnita Zeigler-Johnson, PhD, MPH, and colleagues in the Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities, gathering men at high risk for developing prostate cancer for discussion about prostate cancer or other health concerns increased their knowledge about prostate cancer...

Prostate Cancer

Role of Expression of ERV RNA in Prostate Cancer

A molecular feature in prostate cancer called endogenous retroviral (ERV) RNA has been found to have prognostic value and also distinguish differences between prostate tumors in men of African and European or Middle Eastern ancestry, according to a study published by Kumar et al in the journal...

Prostate Cancer

Addition of Abiraterone Acetate and Prednisolone With or Without Enzalutamide to ADT in High-Risk Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

In a meta-analysis of two STAMPEDE platform phase III trials reported in The Lancet, Gerhardt Attard, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of abiraterone acetate and prednisolone with or without enzalutamide to androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) was associated with improved metastasis-free...

Prostate Cancer

Portable Prostate Cancer Screening Test May Help Reach Underserved Patients

A portable, rapid prostate cancer screening kit could provide early warning to populations with a higher incidence of prostate cancer and may particularly aid those with limited access to health care. The proof-of-concept test, described by Srinivasan et al in Current Research in Biotechnology, is...

Prostate Cancer
Survivorship

Disconnect Between Expectations and Outcomes: Major Factor in Treatment-Related Regret Among Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer

“A disconnect between patient expectations and outcomes” is a major contributor to treatment-related regret among patients with localized prostate cancer, according to a study published in JAMA Oncology.1 The disconnect, “both as it relates to treatment efficacy and adverse effects, appears to...

Prostate Cancer

Health-Related Quality of Life With Enzalutamide vs Standard of Care for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer: ENZAMET Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Stockler et al, enzalutamide was associated with worsening in several quality-of-life domains—but not in overall health and quality of life—vs standard of care in the phase III ENZAMET trial evaluating the efficacy of the agent for patients with...

Prostate Cancer

NCCN Guidelines for Prostate Cancer: Panel Clarifies Role of Active Surveillance for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

In October 2021, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) prostate caycer panel modified its guidelines (NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology [NCCN Guidelines®]) for low-risk prostate cancer to remove the word “preferred option” for active surveillance, giving equal weight to...

Prostate Cancer

Effect of Statin Use on Outcomes of PSA Screening for Prostate Cancer

In a Finnish study reported in JAMA Oncology, Vettenranta et al found that statin use did not appear to markedly affect the benefits of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer. As stated by the investigators, “PSA screening for prostate cancer has resulted in a slight...

Prostate Cancer

Does Yoga Improve Quality of Life in Men With Prostate Cancer?

A diagnosis of prostate cancer may translate to approximately a 30% increase in the incidence of depression and anxiety, a fourfold higher risk of heart attack, and a twofold higher risk of suicide. A study published by Kaushik et al in Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases aimed to evaluate the...

Prostate Cancer

Study Examines Treatment-Related Regret Among Men With Localized Prostate Cancer

In a prospective cohort study (CEASAR) reported in JAMA Oncology, Wallis et al found that patient expectations of treatment efficacy and adverse effects were associated with treatment-related regret at 5 years after diagnosis in men with localized prostate cancer. As stated by the investigators,...

Prostate Cancer

Taking Akt-ion Against Prostate Cancer?

Inhibition of the androgen receptor pathway (AR) with novel hormonal therapies such as abiraterone acetate has greatly improved outcomes for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in recent years. However, through numerous mechanisms, tumors ultimately develop resistance...

Prostate Cancer

Addition of Ipatasertib to Abiraterone Plus Prednisolone Improves Radiographic Progression–Free Survival in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With PTEN Loss

In a phase III trial (IPATential150) reported in The Lancet, Christopher Sweeney, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and colleagues, found that the addition of the AKT inhibitor ipatasertib to abiraterone and prednisolone produced a significant improvement in radiographic progression-free...

Prostate Cancer

Shorter-Course Radiation Therapy: A New Practice Standard After Prostatectomy?

Hypofractionated radiotherapy to the prostate bed proved to be noninferior to conventionally fractionated radiotherapy after prostatectomy regarding gastrointestinal and genitourinary side effects, according to the results of the phase III NRG Oncology GU003 trial, presented at the 2021 American...

Prostate Cancer

Changes in PSA Screening After 2017 USPSTF Guidance Revision

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Michael S. Leapman, MD, and colleagues found that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening for prostate cancer has increased since the 2017 publication of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) draft guidance endorsing individual decision-making for...

Prostate Cancer

STAMPEDE Trial: Quality of Life With Abiraterone vs Docetaxel in Advanced Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

In an analysis from the STAMPEDE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rush et al found that global quality of life was better with abiraterone acetate vs docetaxel, both given with prednisone/prednisolone and standard-of-care androgen-deprivation therapy, in men with locally advanced ...

Prostate Cancer

Use of Genomic Classifier Score May Help to Personalize Therapy for Men With High-Risk Prostate Cancer

A 22-genomic classifier (the Decipher score) was able to predict the course of disease in men with high-risk prostate cancer, according to a patient-level meta-analysis of three randomized clinical trials presented at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting.1 Use of...

Prostate Cancer

No Survival Benefit but Improved Secondary Endpoints With Radiotherapy Plus Androgen Suppression in Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

Both dose-escalated radiation therapy and short-course androgen-deprivation therapy have been shown to improve outcomes in intermediate-risk prostate cancer, but it is not clear whether giving both modalities upfront to newly diagnosed patients is of benefit. The phase III RTOG 0815 study presented ...

prostate cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, on Prostate Cancer Highlights: An Expert Perspective

Howard M. Sandler, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discusses whether hypofractionation can be safely employed in the post-prostatectomy setting and the role of short-term hormone therapy in the management of intermediate-risk prostate cancer with radiotherapy.

Prostate Cancer

Racial Disparities in Use of Prostate MRI After Detection of Elevated PSA Levels

In a study published by Abashidze et al in JAMA Network Open, the investigators found that Black men were at least 23.6% less likely than White men to undergo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) following an elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test result. They also found that Hispanic and Asian...

Prostate Cancer

Studies Find B7-H3 Protein May Be a Target for Prostate Cancer Treatment

The immune checkpoint protein B7-H3 may be a potential new target in treatment-resistant prostate cancers, according to two studies presented recently at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2021. “Virtually every prostate cancer cell expresses some degree of B7-H3, which...

prostate cancer

Amar U. Kishan, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Impact of Androgen-Deprivation Therapy With Radiotherapy

Amar U. Kishan, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses findings from a meta-analysis of clinical trials in patients with localized prostate cancer. The phase III results suggest that the use of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) or prolonged adjuvant ADT with radiotherapy may benefit patients with localized prostate cancer. Further biomarkers are needed to better personalize treatment intensification (Abstract 8).

prostate cancer

Mark K. Buyyounouski, MD, MS, on Prostate Cancer: Hypofractionated vs Conventional Radiotherapy After Surgery

Mark K. Buyyounouski, MD, MS, of Stanford University, discusses phase III results from the NRG Oncology GU003 trial, which showed that, post-prostatectomy, using fewer—but higher—doses of radiation does not appear to increase long-term side effects or reduce quality of life when compared with conventional radiation treatment (Abstract 3).

prostate cancer

Benjamin Movsas, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Patient-Reported Outcomes on Radiotherapy and Androgen Suppression

Benjamin Movsas, MD, of the Henry Ford Cancer Center, discusses results from the NRG Oncology/RTOG 0815 study, which explored dose-escalated radiotherapy alone or in combination with short-term hormonal therapy for patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. In addition to clinical outcomes, Dr. Movsas discusses patient-reported results in the study that may help patients make informed decisions when choosing between these treatment options (Abstract 4).

Prostate Cancer

Do Diet-Related Molecules Play a Role in the Development of Aggressive Prostate Cancer?

Cleveland Clinic researchers have shown that diet-associated molecules in the gut may be associated with aggressive prostate cancer, suggesting dietary interventions may help reduce risk. These findings were published by Reichard et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention.  While...

Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

First-Round Results of Prostate Cancer Screening for Men With Pathogenic Variants in Mismatch Repair Genes

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Bancroft et al, the first round of prostate cancer screening in the IMPACT study of men with pathogenic variants in mismatch repair genes showed an increased risk of prostate cancer in carriers of MSH2 and MSH6 variants compared with noncarrier controls. As...

Prostate Cancer

Hypofractionated Postoperative Prostate Bed Radiotherapy Does Not Increase Patient-Reported Toxicity for Men With Prostate Cancer

A primary endpoint analysis of the NRG Oncology phase III NRG-GU003 clinical trial, which compared hypofractionated postoperative prostate bed radiotherapy (HYPORT) to conventional postprostatectomy radiotherapy (COPORT) for men with prostate cancer, determined that treatment with HYPORT yielded no ...

Prostate Cancer

Phase III Trial Evaluates Efficacy of Total Androgen Suppression Plus Dose-Escalated Radiotherapy for Patients With Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

Both dose-escalated radiation therapy and short-course androgen-deprivation therapy (SADT) have been shown to improve outcomes in patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Researchers then posed a new question—is giving both modalities upfront to newly diagnosed patients of benefit? Findings ...

Prostate Cancer

22-Gene Classifier Score May Allow for Personalization of Therapy in Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer

A 22-gene genomic classifier (the Decipher score) may be able to predict the course of disease in men with high-risk prostate cancer, according to a patient-level meta-analysis of three randomized clinical trials presented by Paul L. Nguyen, MD, at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology...

Prostate Cancer

STAMPEDE: In Nonmetastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer, Abiraterone Added to Androgen-Deprivation Therapy Improves Survival

The addition of 2 years of abiraterone acetate plus prednisolone (AAP) to androgen-deprivation therapy improves metastasis-free survival and overall survival compared with androgen-deprivation therapy alone in men with nonmetastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, according to a primary...

Prostate Cancer

Did Change in PSA-Based Screening Recommendation Hinder Prostate Cancer–Specific Survival?

Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening recommendations made by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) in 2012 may have led to worse outcomes for insured patients with prostate cancer, according to data presented at the 2021 ASCO Quality Care Symposium.1 Findings from the retrospective...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Advanced Prostate Cancer: Data on Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Hunstman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses efficacy and safety results from the COSMIC-021 study, in which cabozantinib plus atezolizumab demonstrated clinically meaningful activity and a manageable safety profile in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The findings support a phase III study of these agents vs a second line of novel hormonal therapy (Abstract LBA24).

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Eleni Efstathiou, MD

Invited discussant of the PEACE-1 trial, Eleni Efstathiou, MD, of the Houston Methodist Cancer Center and Athens Medical Center, Greece, reminded listeners: “Androgen signaling inhibition is the prevailing therapeutic strategy in advanced prostate cancer, with reproducible outcomes. Many studies...

Prostate Cancer

PEACE-1: Abiraterone Plus Androgen-Deprivation Therapy and Docetaxel Boosts Survival in Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

The addition of abiraterone acetate plus prednisone on top of androgen-deprivation therapy plus docetaxel improved survival in patients with de novo metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer vs androgen-deprivation therapy plus docetaxel alone. These results were from the phase III PEACE-1...

Prostate Cancer

ACIS Trial: Addition of Apalutamide to Abiraterone Acetate/Prednisone for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Fred Saad, MD, FRCS, and colleagues, the phase III ACIS trial has shown that the addition of apalutamide to abiraterone acetate and prednisone significantly prolonged radiographic progression–free survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate...

Skin Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Solid Tumors
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Recent Reviews, Designations, Applications, and Authorizations in the Oncology Space

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued several regulatory decisions for novel treatments for patients with cancer. Priority Review for Relatlimab and Nivolumab Fixed-Dose Combination in Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma The FDA accepted for Priority Review the...

Prostate Cancer

ARAMIS Analysis: Darolutamide Shows Similar Benefits for Black Patients as Observed in the Overall Population

Black patients with prostate cancer who were treated with the androgen receptor inhibitor darolutamide had clinical outcomes similar to those observed in the overall clinical trial population, according to results from the phase III ARAMIS trial presented by Neal Shore, MD, at the 14th AACR...

Prostate Cancer

Adding Value to Clinical Decision-Making in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Several recent investigations have led to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of novel antiandrogens to treat nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Yet, this work has not addressed the treatment of nonmetastatic hormone-sensitive biochemically recurrent prostate...

Prostate Cancer

Characteristics of and Outcomes in Luminal and Basal Subtypes of Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Aggarwal et al found that metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer could be categorized into luminal and basal subtypes, and that androgen-signaling inhibitor treatment was associated with better outcomes in patients diagnosed with...

Prostate Cancer

Ga-68 PSMA-11 PET for Detection of Pelvic Nodal Metastasis in Intermediate- to High-Risk Prostate Cancer

In a collaborative phase III trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Thomas A. Hope, MD, and colleagues found that gallium-68 prostate-specific membrane antigen–11 positron-emission tomography (Ga-68 PSMA-11 PET) had 40% sensitivity and 95% specificity in the detection of pelvic nodal metastases prior to...

Prostate Cancer

PEACE-1 and STAMPEDE Trials: Abiraterone Acetate Plus Prednisolone in Prostate Cancer

A novel combination of well-known drugs may prolong survival in patients with prostate cancer, according to late-breaking research presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2021. The PEACE-1 and STAMPEDE studies found that the addition of abiraterone acetate plus...

prostate cancer

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Newly Reported Survival Rates With Abiraterone, Docetaxel, and Prednisone

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses phase III results from the PEACE-1 study, which showed that androgen-deprivation therapy plus docetaxel and abiraterone provided 2.5 years of additional time without radiographic disease progression or death and 1.5 additional years of survival in men with de novo high-volume metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer (Abstract LBA5).

prostate cancer

Gerhardt Attard, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Abiraterone and Prednisolone in the STAMPEDE Protocol

Gerhardt Attard, MD, PhD, of The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, discusses findings that show 2 years of abiraterone acetate plus prednisolone-based treatment improves metastasis-free and overall survival in men with high-risk nonmetastatic prostate cancer. The data suggest this combination regimen might be considered a new standard of care (Abstract LBA4).

Prostate Cancer

VISION Trial: Novel PSMA-Targeted Radiotherapy Improves Outcomes in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (LuPSMA)—an investigational radiolabeled small molecule—significantly improved radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival when added to the standard of care compared with the standard of care alone for men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer...

Prostate Cancer

Novel Urine-Based Test Evaluated in Prostate Cancer Detection and Risk Stratification

In a validation study with data presented at the American Urological Association’s 2021 Annual Meeting, clinician-researchers reported that a new test (miR Sentinel PCC4 Test) may be able to detect and risk-classify prostate cancer at the molecular level with predictive accuracy based on a single...

Prostate Cancer

Racial Disparities Among Men With Prostate Cancer

Despite great strides in prostate cancer treatment over the past several years, racial disparities in care persist, according to new data presented during the 2021 Annual Meeting of the American Urological Association (AUA). Three studies highlighting this topic were presented during a virtual...

Prostate Cancer

TITAN Confirms Survival Benefit of Apalutamide Plus ADT in Metastatic Prostate Cancer: Now, Move Therapy Forward

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Chi et al1—and summarized in this issue of The ASCO Post—the prespecified final overall survival analysis of the phase III TITAN trial1-3 has confirmed a clear overall survival and radiographic progression-free survival benefit with the combination ...

Prostate Cancer

Lutetium-177–PSMA-617: A First-in-Class Radioligand Therapeutic in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Based on the findings of the phase III VISION trial, reported by Sartor et al1 and summarized in this issue of The ASCO Post, lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (LuPSMA) is the first of the prostate-specific membrane antigen–targeted cancer theranostics to demonstrate a survival-prolonging benefit for men with...

Prostate Cancer

Adding LuPSMA to Standard Care Improves Outcomes in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Oliver Sartor, MD, of the School of Medicine, Tulane University, and colleagues, the phase III VISION trial has shown prolonged progression-free and overall survival with lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (LuPSMA) radioligand therapy plus standard care vs...

Prostate Cancer

Maintained Benefit of Apalutamide Plus Androgen-Deprivation Therapy Shown in Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kim N. Chi, MD, of BC Cancer and Vancouver Prostate Centre, and colleagues, the final overall survival analysis of the phase III TITAN trial showed significant benefit of apalutamide plus androgen-deprivation therapy vs placebo plus...

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