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Prostate Cancer

ASCO Endorses Cancer Care Ontario Guideline on Bone Health and Bone-Targeted Therapies for Prostate Cancer

ASCO recently endorsed the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline “Bone Health and Bone-Targeted Therapies for Prostate Cancer,” which was originally approved by CCO in 2017.1 The recommendations were based on a systematic review and meta-analysis of relevant research and clinical trial reports...

Prostate Cancer

PSA-Stratified Screening for Prostate Cancer

Previous studies have shown that men with low prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels (< 1.0 ng/mL) between ages 44 to 60 have a very low risk of developing prostate cancer in the future. A study published by Heijnsdijk et al in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute investigated benefits ...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Adding Abiraterone to Hormone Therapy in Prostate Cancer: STAMPEDE Trial on Cost-Effectiveness

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of The Institute of Cancer Research in London, discusses the health economics of adding abiraterone to first-line, long-term hormone therapy in prostate cancer, and what it means for long-term survival, quality-adjusted survival, and cost-effectiveness (Abstract 204).

prostate cancer
symptom management
pain management

Hannah L. Rush, MBChB, on Prostate Cancer: Comparing Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Docetaxel or Abiraterone

Hannah L. Rush, MBChB, of the Clinical Trials Unit at University College London, discusses an analysis of the STAMPEDE trial, which showed that patients treated with abiraterone had higher scores in global quality of life as well as in the physical, social, and role function domains and lower scores for pain and fatigue over the first 2 years than those receiving docetaxel (Abstract 14).

prostate cancer
symptom management
integrative oncology

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, on Prostate Cancer: Pain and Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Cabazitaxel vs Abiraterone or Enzalutamide

Karim Fizazi, MD, PhD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses results from the CARD study, which showed that cabazitaxel improved pain, time to pain progression, and symptomatic skeletal events, as well as quality of life in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The findings support the use of this agent as a standard of care (Abstract 16).

prostate cancer

Maha Hussain, MD, on Next-Generation Sequencing of Prostate Tumor Tissue: Results From the PROfound Study

Maha Hussain, MD, of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, discusses the first phase III clinical trial to demonstrate the feasibility of tissue-based genomic testing to preselect men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer for targeted treatment and the superiority of the PARP inhibitor olaparib compared to enzalutamide or abiraterone (Abstract 195).

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Results From the COSMIC-021 Study of Cabozantinib and Atezolizumab

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the University of Utah Huntsman Cancer Institute, discusses trial findings that showed the combination of cabozantinib and atezolizumab had a tolerable safety profile and showed activity in men with metastatic disease. Further evaluation of cabozantinib and atezolizumab is planned in a phase III trial (Abstract 82).

prostate cancer

David P. Dearnaley, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Conventional vs Hypofractionated High-Dose Radiotherapy

David P. Dearnaley, MD, of The Institute of Cancer Research and Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, discusses 8-year outcomes of the phase III CHHiP trial, which showed that modest hypofractionation is noninferior to conventional fractionation in localized prostate cancer, with no increase in side effects. Disease control was also reported in patients older than age 75 (Abstract 325).

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Julie N. Graff, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Results From KEYNOTE-199 on Pembrolizumab Plus Enzalutamide

Julie N. Graff, MD, of Oregon Health & Science University and Knight Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that show pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide after progression on enzalutamide produced clinical activity and can lead to durable responses, with a manageable safety profile. The phase III KEYNOTE-641 trial will test patients who are enzalutamide-naive (Abstract 15).

Prostate Cancer

HSD3B1 Genotype and Its Effect on Castration Resistance and Overall Survival in Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology, Nima Sharifi, MD, and colleagues have found that the adrenal-permissive HSD3B1 genotype is associated with earlier onset of castration resistance and poorer overall survival in men with low-volume metastatic prostate cancer. As noted by the investigators, the...

Prostate Cancer

2020 GU Cancers Symposium: Talazoparib for Pretreated Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

According to results from a phase II trial presented by Johann S. de Bono, MD, PhD, and colleagues at the 2020 Genitourinary (GU) Cancers Symposium (Abstract 119), treatment with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor talazoparib showed antitumor activity in patients with metastatic...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

2020 GU Cancers Symposium: Fear of Recurrence, Patients’ Prognostic Understanding Examined in Genitourinary Cancers

In studies to be presented at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium (Abstracts 649 and 665), researchers examined the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence in patients with renal cell carcinoma and evaluated the prognostic understanding patients with genitourinary cancer possess of their...

Prostate Cancer

Five-Year Patient-Reported Outcomes for Various Prostate Cancer Treatments

A 5-year follow-up study of more than 2,000 U.S. men who received prostate cancer treatment—radiation, surgery, or active surveillance—in patients of all ages and ethnicities is creating a road map for the future regarding long-term bowel, bladder, and sexual function in order to clarify...

Prostate Cancer

Novel Guideline Addresses the Clinical Utility of Molecular Biomarkers in Localized Prostate Cancer

In men, prostate cancer has the highest incidence of any neoplasm and is the second-leading cause of cancer-related mortality. A plethora of tissue-based biomarkers are available to inform the diagnosis and prognosis for men with newly diagnosed, clinically localized prostate cancer. However, to...

Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Equal-Access Health-Care System for African American and White Men With Prostate Cancer

Among men with prostate cancer who received care from the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Health System, an equal-access health-care system, African American men did not have more advanced disease at the time of diagnosis or die earlier than white men, unlike trends seen in the greater...

Multiple Myeloma
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Multiple Myeloma, Prostate Cancer

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for multiple myeloma and prostate cancer; gave Fast Track designation to a targeted gene therapy for lung cancer; granted Orphan Drug designation to a combination therapy for hepatocellular...

Prostate Cancer

Olaparib for Previously Treated, Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With DNA Repair Gene Aberrations

In the phase II TOPARP-B trial—reported by Joaquin Mateo, MD, in The Lancet Oncology—investigators found that olaparib showed good activity in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and DNA damage response (DDR) gene aberrations who had received one or two prior taxane regimens....

Prostate Cancer

Enzalutamide for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On December 16, 2019, enzalutamide (Xtandi) was approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data The current approval was based on findings from the phase III double-blind ARCHES trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier...

Prostate Cancer
Health-Care Policy
Cost of Care

Price Transparency and Variation for Prostate Cancer Radiation Therapy

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Trevor Royce, MS, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that publicly available information on pricing for radiation treatment for prostate cancer was complex and inconsistent, and that pricing varied widely among National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer...

Issues in Oncology
Prostate Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Leukemia

Cancer Incidence in World Trade Center Responders to the September 11 Attacks

A study published by Shapiro et al in JNCI Cancer Spectrum showed that responders to the World Trade Center site after the attacks on September 11, 2001, have statistically significant elevations in cancer incidence for all cancer sites combined, and for prostate and thyroid cancer and leukemia....

Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Supportive Care
Multiple Myeloma
Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Ovarian Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and NSCLC

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for ovarian, prostate, and lung cancer; granted Orphan Drug designation to therapies for chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia and multiple myeloma; and granted Breakthrough Device designation to platforms...

Prostate Cancer

Use of Artificial Intelligence for Diagnosing and Grading Prostate Cancer

Researchers have developed a method based on artificial intelligence (AI) for the histopathologic diagnosis and grading of prostate cancer. The study, published by Ström et al in The Lancet Oncology, showed that the AI system can be trained to detect and grade prostate cancer from needle biopsy...

Prostate Cancer

Patient-Reported Functional Outcomes With Hypofractionated vs Conventionally Fractionated Radiotherapy for Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer

In a national cohort study conducted in the United Kingdom and reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nossiter et al found no clinically important differences in patient-reported functional outcomes among men receiving hypofractionated vs conventionally fractionated radiotherapy for...

Prostate Cancer

Olaparib for Previously Treated, Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With DNA Repair Gene Aberrations

In the phase II TOPARP-B trial—reported by Mateo et al in The Lancet Oncology—investigators found that olaparib showed activity in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and DNA damage response (DDR) gene aberrations who had received one or two prior taxane regimens. Study...

Prostate Cancer

Neoadjuvant vs Concurrent ADT With Dose-Escalated Radiotherapy for Localized Prostate Cancer

In a two-institute phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Malone et al found no difference in biochemical relapse–free survival with androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) initiated prior to or concurrently with dose-escalated external-beam radiotherapy in patients with localized ...

Prostate Cancer

Sequencing of Enzalutamide and Abiraterone Acetate in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a Canadian phase II crossover trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kim N. Chi, MD, and colleagues found that time to second prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression from start of treatment was longer with crossover from abiraterone acetate/prednisone to enzalutamide vs the reverse sequence ...

Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Commercial Gene-Expression Tests for Prostate Cancer May Not Accurately Predict Disease Progression in African American Men

A study examining the differences in gene expression between African American and European American men with prostate cancer for three commercially available prostate cancer prognostic biomarker panels—Oncotype DX Prostate Score, Prolaris, and Decipher—has found that these tests may not accurately...

Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in Refractory Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In the phase II KEYNOTE-199 study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Antonarakis et al, pembrolizumab showed activity and had an acceptable safety profile in patients with treatment-refractory metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Study Details The trial was conducted at 85 ...

Prostate Cancer

FDA Approves Enzalutamide for Patients With Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On December 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved enzalutamide (Xtandi) for patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer. The FDA previously approved enzalutamide for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer. ARCHES Trial Efficacy was investigated in...

Prostate Cancer

Is Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer a Valid Disease Category?

Does nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer really exist? Although it is considered a disease category, it turns out that the definition depends on the type of imaging used. Many patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer who were categorized as “nonmetastatic” on conventional...

Prostate Cancer

RSNA 2019: MRI-Guided Ultrasound Treatment for Localized Prostate Cancer

A novel magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided procedure that uses therapeutic ultrasound may effectively treat prostate cancer with minimal side effects, according to a new study presented at the 2019 annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) (Abstract SSC07-07)....

Prostate Cancer

Biomarker-Driven Treatment Selection for Prostate and Other Genitourinary Cancers

As the Nobel Laureate Bob Dylan wrote, “The times they are a-changin’.” Heather Cheng, MD, PhD, Associate Professor, University of Washington, Associate Member, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and Director, Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, Prostate Cancer Genetics Clinic, quoted this line in...

Prostate Cancer

Sequencing of Enzalutamide and Abiraterone Acetate in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a Canadian phase II crossover trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kim N. Chi, MD, and colleagues found that time to second prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression from start of treatment was longer with crossover from abiraterone acetate/prednisone to enzalutamide vs the reverse sequence...

Prostate Cancer

Activity of Anti-STEAP1 Antibody-Drug Conjugate in Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Danila et al found that the antibody-drug conjugate DSTP3086S, which targets the six-transmembrane epithelial antigen of the prostate 1 (STEAP1), had acceptable safety and evidence of activity in patients with metastatic...

Prostate Cancer

University of Michigan Cancer Programs Receive $9.2M Grant for Prostate Cancer Research

Two Michigan cancer programs are joining forces to find new solutions for prostate cancer. The University of Michigan (U-M) Rogel Cancer Center and the Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute at Wayne State University have received a $9.2 million grant from the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

On September 17, 2019, apalutamide was approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data The approval is based on overall survival and radiographic progression-free survival findings in the phase III double-blind TITAN trial.2,3 ...

Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-breaking abstracts. The ASCO Post summarized much of that news in separate articles over several...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Eleni Efstathiou, MD

Formal study discussant Eleni Efstathiou, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, commented on results of the PROfound trial at the ESMO Congress 2019. “This is the first phase III targeted therapy trial to deliver a positive outcome in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer,” she...

Prostate Cancer

Phase III PROfound Study Evaluates Olaparib in Setting of Metastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Treatment with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib delayed disease progression and appears to improve survival, compared with newer hormonal agents in men with pretreated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and homologous recombinant repair (HRR) genetic...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Silke Gillessen, MD

Formal discussant Silke Gillessen, MD, of the Division of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, United Kingdom, agreed that this study is practice-changing. “The study was well designed and addressed an unmet clinical need that is commonly seen in the clinic. Until now we had no randomized...

Prostate Cancer

Third-Line Cabazitaxel Improves Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Third-line treatment with cabazitaxel extended progression-free survival and overall survival in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer in the CARD trial. These results provide the first evidence from a randomized phase III trial for a survival benefit with third-line therapy, and ...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide Treatment for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer and Health-Related Quality of Life

In an analysis of the phase III TITAN trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and colleagues found that that treatment with apalatuamide was associated with preserved health-related quality of life, including pain and fatigue outcomes, in patients with metastatic...

Prostate Cancer

Acute Toxicity With Intensity-Modulated Fractionated Radiotherapy vs Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

In an analysis from the phase III PACE-B trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nicholas van As, MD, and colleagues found that shortened treatment courses with stereotactic body radiotherapy did not increase gastrointestinal or genitourinary acute toxicity vs intensity-modulated fractionated...

Prostate Cancer

2019 NCRI: Higher IGF-1 and Free Testosterone Levels May be Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer

Men with higher levels of free (biologically active) testosterone and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in their blood are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer, according to research presented by Travis et al at the 2019 National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference....

Prostate Cancer

DNA Vaccine for Patients With Progressive, Nonmetastatic, Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, McNeel et al found that a DNA vaccine (pTVG-HP) encoding prostatic acid phosphatase did not improve 2-year metastasis-free survival vs control treatment in patients with progressive, nonmetastatic, castration-sensitive prostate...

Prostate Cancer

Targeted Therapy Moves Into Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Strong Showing by Olaparib and Rucaparib

Treatment with olaparib delayed disease progression, and early survival data suggest a positive trend in favor of olaparib compared with newer hormonal agents in men with pretreated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and homologous recombinant repair genetic alterations—specifically...

Prostate Cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of Salvage Short-Term ADT Plus Radiotherapy After Radical Prostatectomy

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Carrie et al, the 112-month follow-up of the French phase III GETUG-AFU 16 trial has confirmed the initial 5-year report of the trial, which reported improved progression-free survival with the addition of short-term androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to...

Breast Cancer
Leukemia
Prostate Cancer
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Treatments for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer, AML; Breakthrough Device for Prostate Cancer; Statement on Safety Information for Breast Implants

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to trastuzumab deruxtecan for the treatment of HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer; granted Fast Track designation for bemcentinib for elderly patients with relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML); granted Breakthrough...

Prostate Cancer

Apalutamide Treatment for Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer and Health-Related Quality of Life

In an analysis of the phase III TITAN trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and colleagues found that that treatment with apalatuamide was associated with preserved health-related quality of life, including pain and fatigue outcomes, in patients with metastatic...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Gert de Meerleer, MD

Commenting on both RADICALS-RT and the meta-analysis, formal discussant Gert de Meerleer, MD, of the University Hospital, Leuven, Belgium, stated: “A big applause for these trials. I agree with both conclusions and congratulate both groups of authors for finding noncommercial funding.” Dr. de...

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