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Lung Cancer

How Smoking Cessation After a Lung Cancer Diagnosis Improves Overall Survival

Despite data showing that cigarette smoking is the number one risk factor for the development of lung cancer,1 and a leading cause of preventable disease, disability, and death in the United States, an estimated 30.8 million American adults continue to smoke cigarettes.2 Globally, the number of...

Lung Cancer

Survey Reveals That Most Americans Are Not Concerned About Getting Lung Cancer

A recent survey shows that only 40% of Americans are concerned that they might get lung cancer, and only about one in five have talked to their doctor about their risk for the disease, despite lung cancer being the leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The 2022 Lung Health Barometer, ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Rami Manochakian, MD, on NSCLC: Clinical Implications of Findings on Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy

Rami Manochakian, MD, of Mayo Clinic Florida, discusses the phase II findings of the NADIM II trial, which confirmed that, in terms of pathologic complete response as well as the feasibility of surgery, combining nivolumab and chemotherapy was superior to chemotherapy alone as a neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced, resectable stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 8501).

Lung Cancer

Adagrasib in Previously Treated Patients With KRAS G12C–Mutated Advanced NSCLC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Pasi A. Jänne, MD, PhD, and colleagues, findings in a phase II cohort of the multicohort KRYSTAL-1 phase I/II study indicate that the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib showed activity in previously treated patients with unresectable or metastatic...

Lung Cancer

Poziotinib Shows Activity in EGFR Exon 20–Mutant NSCLC, With Efficacy Dependent on Insertion Location

A phase II clinical trial of poziotinib for patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 mutations found the drug had significant antitumor activity and the efficacy was highly dependent on the location of the exon 20 loop insertion, which may ...

Lung Cancer
COVID-19

Antibody Response to SARS–CoV-2 Wild-Type Virus and Variants After mRNA Vaccination in Patients With NSCLC

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Valanparambil et al found that one-quarter of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) had poor antibody responses to the SARS–CoV-2 wild-type (WT) strain after mRNA vaccination, and that neutralizing antibody...

Lung Cancer

CLN-081 Shows Selective Activity in NSCLC With EGFR Exon 20 Insertions

CLN-081, a novel agent targeted to non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 20 insertion mutations—ie, the addition of nucleotide base pairs in exon 20 of the EGFR gene, a known oncogenic driver event—holds promise, according to the results of...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Does Tumor Mutational Burden Influence Response to PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors Among Patients With Advanced NSCLC?

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ricciuti et al found that patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher tumor mutational burden (TMB) had better outcomes with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor treatment vs those with lower TMB across thresholds of PD-L1...

Lung Cancer

Chipping Away at Targetable Mutations in NSCLC: Amivantamab in NSCLC With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutations

Dual targeting with the bispecific antibody amivantamab-vmjw showed antitumor activity and tolerability in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and MET exon 14 skipping mutations, according to results of the ongoing phase I CHRYSALIS study.1,2 Updated results were presented...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy
COVID-19

Study Finds COVID-19 Vaccines Are Safe for Patients Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors for Lung Cancer

Patients with cancer have received priority status to receive COVID-19 vaccinations, but limited data are available regarding the safety and efficacy of the vaccines for patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors for lung cancer. Now, a new study published by Hibino et al in the Journal of...

lung cancer

Maxwell Oluwole Akanbi, MD, PhD, on Lung Cancer: The Effect of Screening on the Incidence of Advanced Disease

Maxwell Oluwole Akanbi, MD, PhD, of McLaren Regional Medical Center, discusses the study he conducted, using the SEER database, to evaluate the impact of lung cancer screening recommendations on low-dose CT scanning. The data suggest that guidelines from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force led to a more rapid decline in the incidence of advanced disease in the United States, especially among minority populations (Abstract 10506).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Has Given Me Back My Life

Hearing the words “You have cancer” is a devastating blow, especially when the biggest health issues you’ve had to contend with over more than 6 decades are common colds and knee and hip replacements. But in 2017, the symptoms I thought were from a lingering summer cold drove me to seek medical...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Oladimeji Akinboro, MD, MPH, on NSCLC: Outcomes of Anti–PD-(L)1 Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy in the First-Line Setting

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Oladimeji Akinboro, MD, MPH, of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), discuss a data analysis, which suggests that most subgroups of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer with a PD-L1 score of 50% or greater who are receiving FDA-approved chemotherapy/immunotherapy regimens may have overall survival outcomes comparable to or better than immunotherapy-alone regimens (Abstract 9000).

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Matthew Krebs, PhD, on NSCLC: Updated Results With Amivantamab-vmjw

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Matthew Krebs, PhD, of The University of Manchester and The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, discuss results from the CHRYSALIS study. The trial showed that the bispecific antibody amivantamab-vmjw demonstrated antitumor activity, even after prior treatment, in patients with non–small cell lung cancer that exhibits the MET exon 14 skipping mutation (Abstract 9008).

lung cancer

Apar Kishor Ganti, MD, on SCLC: Comparing Quality of Life With Once- and Twice-Daily Thoracic Radiotherapy

Apar Kishor Ganti, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, discusses results from the CALGB 30610 study, which showed a similar clinical benefit for once- and twice-daily radiotherapy administered to patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer. While both regimens were well tolerated, patients who received radiotherapy once daily had better quality-of-life scores at week 3 and slightly worse scores at week 12. Patients believed the once-daily regimen was more convenient (Abstract 8504).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Association Between Smoking History and Overall Survival With First-Line Pembrolizumab in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Sanjay Popat, FRCP, PhD, and colleagues found that among patients initiating first-line pembrolizumab for EGFR and ALK wild-type advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), ever-smokers had significantly better overall survival vs...

Lung Cancer

Survival With Stereotactic Radiosurgery vs Whole-Brain Radiotherapy in Patients With SCLC and Intracranial Metastatic Disease

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gaebe et al found that stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) was associated with “equitable survival” compared with whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) in the first-line treatment of intracranial metastatic disease in patients with...

Lung Cancer

Intracranial Efficacy of Lorlatinib vs Crizotinib in ALK-Positive Advanced NSCLC

In a post hoc analysis from the phase III CROWN trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Benjamin J. Solomon, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues found that progression-free survival and the risk of central nervous system (CNS) progression were improved with lorlatinib vs crizotinib in previously...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Karen L. Reckamp, MD, on NSCLC: Overall Survival Results With Ramucirumab Plus Pembrolizumab vs Standard of Care

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Karen L. Reckamp, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discuss phase II findings from substudy S1800A of the Lung-MAP protocol. The data showed that ramucirumab and pembrolizumab improved overall survival compared with the standard of care for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer who were previously treated with immunotherapy and platinum-based chemotherapy (Abstract 9004).  

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Ramucirumab/Pembrolizumab vs Standard of Care in Patients With Advanced NSCLC Previously Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In the phase II Lung-MAP substudy S1800A presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9004) and simultaneously reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Karen L. Reckamp, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of ramucirumab and pembrolizumab improved overall survival vs...

Lung Cancer

Adagrasib Improves Outcomes in KRAS-Mutated NSCLC, Phase II Study Shows

Nearly 43% of patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose lung cancers harbored a specific KRAS mutation responded to the experimental drug adagrasib, and the targeted agent also showed activity against lesions in the brain that metastasized from the lung tumors, according to results of...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Adebrelimab to Carboplatin/Etoposide in First-Line Treatment of Extensive-Stage SCLC

In a Chinese phase III trial (CAPSTONE-1) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Jie Wang, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of adebrelimab, a novel anti–PD-L1 antibody, to carboplatin and etoposide significantly improved overall survival as a first-line treatment for patients with...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy in Resectable Stage IIIA NSCLC: Overall Survival and Biomarker Analyses

In analyses from a Spanish phase II trial (NADIM) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Provencio et al found a high rate of 3-year overall survival in patients with operable stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received neoadjuvant nivolumab plus chemotherapy. Survival was...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Tiragolumab to Atezolizumab in PD-L1–Positive NSCLC

In a phase II trial (CITYSCAPE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Byoung Chul Cho, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of tiragolumab, an inhibitor of the immune checkpoint molecule TIGIT, to atezolizumab improved objective response rate and progression-free survival in first-line treatment...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: David Paul Carbone, MD, PhD

“Progress in lung cancer happens by slow steps punctuated by quantum leaps. In the age of perioperative therapies, we are moving one step closer to curing more patients. Surgery is still the intervention most likely to cure patients with earlier-stage disease, but 50% of cases can recur,” said...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 816: Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Event-Free Survival Over Chemotherapy Alone in Resectable NSCLC

The combination of neoadjuvant nivolu­mab plus chemotherapy achieved statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in event-free survival vs chemotherapy alone (P = .005) in patients with resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC, stage IB–IIIA), according to the results of the ...

Lung Cancer

Long-Term Overall Survival in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC With Consolidation Durvalumab in the PACIFIC Trial: Translation to Real-World Outcomes?

Lung cancer mortality rates have declined by more than 50% in men since 1990 and more than 30% in women since 2002. These declines in mortality are largely due to increases in smoking cessation. However, in recent years, clinical treatment advances, such as targeted therapies and immunotherapy,...

Lung Cancer

5-Year Survival Outcomes With Consolidation Durvalumab After Chemoradiotherapy in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by David R. Spigel, MD, of Sarah Cannon Research Institute/Tennessee Oncology, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of the phase III PACIFIC trial has shown maintained progression-free and overall survival benefits with consolidation durvalumab (a...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Edward B. Garon, MD

Invited discussant of the NeoCOAST trial, Edward B. Garon, MD, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Thoracic Oncology Program at David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles, praised the study: “NeoCOAST is an impressive study that showed numerical benefit when...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Neoadjuvant Therapy May Boost Response in Resectable NSCLC

Use of multiple immune pathway inhibitors appears to be superior to checkpoint inhibitor therapy alone as neoadjuvant therapy for resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the results of the phase II NeoCOAST trial presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)...

Lung Cancer

Tazemetostat for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory BAP1-Inactivated Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Zauderer et al found that the EZH2 inhibitor tazemetostat was active in patients with relapsed or refractory BRCA-associated protein 1 (BAP1)-inactivated malignant pleural mesothelioma. As noted by the investigators, high expression of EZH2 has...

Lung Cancer

Report Examines Imaging Approach With Potential to Detect Lung Cancer at the Cellular Level

Researchers have found a way to identify lung cancer at the cellular level in real time during a biopsy, which may enable detection of the disease earlier and with more confidence. The findings, published by Kennedy et al in Nature Communications, demonstrated that an imaging agent detected via...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, on Lung Adenocarcinoma: Somatic Mutations, Germline Risk, and Ancestry

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that suggest the variation in frequency of EGFR and KRAS mutations in lung cancer may be associated with genetic ancestry in patients from Latin America. The results indicate it may be possible to identify germline alleles underpinning this link. Finding a germline locus or loci may impact the development of lung cancers with these mutations and may improve lung cancer prevention and screening for populations of Latin American origin, as well as others.

Lung Cancer

Patients With NSCLC Brain Metastases Undergoing Neurosurgical Resection: Comparison of Treatment Regimens

In a German single-institution retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Wasilewski et al found that treatment with immune checkpoint inhibition plus radiotherapy was associated with prolonged overall survival vs platinum-based chemotherapy plus radiotherapy in patients with brain...

lung cancer

Ara Klijian, MD, on Lung Cancer: Operability in Patients With Poor Pulmonary Function

Ara Klijian, MD, of Scripps Health, discusses findings on the safety of AVATS (awake video-assisted thoracic surgery), a procedure that may benefit select patients, including those whose early non–small cell lung cancer was previously deemed inoperable due to poor pulmonary function. Performed under local sedation, AVATS appeared to improve outcomes, reduce hospital stays, increase patient satisfaction, and lower costs.

Lung Cancer

Beyond Immunotherapy: New Targeted Agents for Advanced NSCLC

The advent of PD-1 and PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors has changed the treatment landscape of advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but only approximately 20% of patients treated with immunotherapy will be alive at 5 years. According to Melissa L. Johnson, MD, Director, Lung Cancer Research,...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: Is Trastuzumab Deruxtecan the Answer for HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer?

The human epidermal growth factor (HER) family of receptors are a well-established therapeutic target. Indeed, seminal studies conducted nearly 2 decades ago identified a key association between activating mutations in the kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, also known as...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: T-DXd Shows Durable Activity in Previously Treated Metastatic HER2-Mutant NSCLC

In a phase II trial (DESTINY-Lung01) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Bob T. Li, MD, PhD, MPH, of the Thoracic Oncology and Early Drug Development Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues found that fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) showed...

Lung Cancer

Neoadjuvant Nivolumab and Platinum-Doublet Chemotherapy for Early NSCLC

On March 4, 2022, nivolumab was approved for use with platinum-doublet chemotherapy for resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the neoadjuvant setting.1 The approval is the first for neoadjuvant therapy for early-stage NSCLC. Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings from...

Lung Cancer

2-Year Follow-up Shows Durable Responses With Sotorasib in KRAS G12C–Mutated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Sotorasib, the first KRAS G12C inhibitor approved for the treatment of KRAS G12C–mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), continues to demonstrate meaningful and durable efficacy at 2-year follow-up in the phase II CodeBreaK 100 trial. At a median follow-up of 24.9 months, the 2-year overall...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Consolidation Durvalumab Alone or Combined With Oleclumab or Monalizumab for Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

In an interim analysis of the phase II COAST trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, FACP, FASCO, and colleagues found that consolidation durvalumab in combination with the anti-CD73 antibody oleclumab or anti-NKG2A antibody monalizumab both improved objective...

Lung Cancer

Segmentectomy vs Lobectomy in Small-Sized Peripheral NSCLC

In a Japanese phase III trial (JCOG0802/WJOG4607L) reported in The Lancet, Saji et al found that segmentectomy was both noninferior and superior to lobectomy as measured by overall survival in patients with small-sized peripheral non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details In the open-label...

Lung Cancer

Study Examines Link Between Emphysema and Lung Cancer Risk

Computed tomography (CT)-detected emphysema may be linked to a higher risk of lung cancer, a risk that increases with emphysema severity, according to a new study published by Yang et al in the journal Radiology. Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide. However, lung...

Lung Cancer

Incidental Findings on Low-Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening in the NLST and Risk of Respiratory Disease Mortality

In an analysis of data from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) reported in Chest, Paul F. Pinsky, PhD, of the Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that incidental respiratory disease–related findings on low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening...

Lung Cancer

Study Reports Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Improves Disease-Free Survival in Early-Stage NSCLC

Adjuvant pembrolizumab improves disease-free survival compared with placebo in patients with early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following complete resection and adjuvant chemotherapy when indicated. These findings from the PEARLS/KEYNOTE-091 trial were reported in a European Society for ...

Lung Cancer

CHOICE-01: Toripalimab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Advanced NSCLC Without Actionable Mutations

Adding the PD-1 inhibitor toripalimab to chemotherapy significantly improved survival compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR/ALK mutations, according to research presented during the 2022 ASCO Monthly Plenary Series.1 At the...

Lung Cancer

CheckMate 816: Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy in Resectable NSCLC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Forde et al, the phase III CheckMate 816 trial has shown improved pathologic complete response rate and event-free survival with the addition of nivolumab to platinum-based chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant treatment of resectable non–small cell...

lung cancer

David A. Barbie, MD, on Mesothelioma: Activating the STING Pathway May Promote Antitumor Immunity

David A. Barbie, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses his laboratory’s studies, showing that malignant pleural mesothelioma, an inflamed cancer type with marginal response to immune checkpoint blockade, demonstrated high tumor cell STING expression and response to STING agonists in combination with natural killer cell therapies ex vivo. STING is the tumor cell stimulator of interferon genes (Abstract 4168).

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Jia Luo, MD, on NSCLC: Clinicopathologic and Molecular Characterization of KRAS G12D–Mutated Disease

Jia Luo, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the emerging class of cancer therapies for allele-specific KRAS inhibitors and the importance of their distinct clinical, genomic, and immunologic features. Because KRAS G12D–mutated non–small cell lung cancer is associated with worse responses to immunotherapy, Dr. Luo believes drug development will need to take these differences into account (Abstract 4117).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Nicolas Girard, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: New Data on Event-Free Survival With Nivolumab Plus Platinum-Doublet Chemotherapy

Nicolas Girard, MD, PhD, of the Institut Curie, discusses findings from the phase III CheckMate 816 trial, which is the first study with an immunotherapy-based combination to demonstrate improved event-free survival and pathologic complete response in the neoadjuvant setting for patients with resectable stage IB to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer. The results may benefit the 30% to 55% of patients whose cancer recurs after surgery (Abstract CT012).

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