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Issues in Oncology
Lung Cancer

Disparities in Receipt of Chemotherapy Among Patients With pN1 Lung Cancer

In patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) where the cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes close to the lungs—a condition known as pathologic N1 (pN1) disease—current guidelines recommend a two-part protocol: surgical resection, followed by chemotherapy. However, a retrospective...

Lung Cancer

Imaging-Based Radiotherapy Target Volume Reduction in Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a European trial (PET-Plan) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nestle et al found that the use of reduced radiotherapy target volumes determined by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) alone may achieve improved local control vs conventional target planning with...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

FDA Approves Durvalumab as Part of a First-Line Combination Regimen for Extensive-Stage SCLC

On March 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved durvalumab (Imfinzi) in combination with etoposide and either carboplatin or cisplatin as first-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). CASPIAN Trial Efficacy of this combination in patients...

Issues in Oncology
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Patients With Certain Cancers May Be at a Higher Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

People with a history of cancer have an over twofold risk of developing atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder, compared to the general population, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s Annual Scientific Session (Abstract 1216-235). In...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Updated Analysis From KEYNOTE-189: Adding Pembrolizumab to Pemetrexed/Platinum for Nonsquamous NSCLC

An updated analysis from the phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial, reported by Shirish Gadgeel, MB, BS, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, indicated that the addition of pembrolizumab to pemetrexed/platinum chemotherapy continues to be associated with progression-free and overall survival...

Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy for NSCLC With Specific Mutation, Approval of Test for Cervical Cancer, and More

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to a bispecific antibody for the treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations; granted approval to a test for human...

Lung Cancer
COVID-19

Pulmonary Pathology of Early COVID-19 Pneumonia Identified Retrospectively in Two Patients With Lung Cancer

An international team of clinicians and researchers have described the pathology of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, for the first time. Their findings were published by Tian et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. The article’s senior author, Shu-Yuan Xiao, MD, from the University of Chicago ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Concurrent Pembrolizumab and Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a phase I trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Jabbour et al found that the use of pembrolizumab concurrently with chemoradiotherapy in advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was tolerable, and that progression-free survival with the combination therapy was 69.7% at 12 months. As stated by the...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Plasma-Based Tumor Mutational Burden May Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

Patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher measures of tumor mutations that show up in a blood test generally have a better clinical response to certain immunotherapy treatments than patients with a lower measure of mutations. A clinical trial showed that in cases where liquid...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes and Retreatment Outcomes With Immunotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Advanced NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of patients with previously treated advanced programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the KEYNOTE-010 trial has shown a continued survival...

Lung Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in Lung Cancer, Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Head and Neck Cancer, and More

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to brigatinib for the treatment of ALK-positive lung cancer and Breakthrough Therapy designation to a potential first-in-class oral antagonist of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins for the treatment of head and neck...

Lung Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Trends in Lung Cancer Incidence in Young Women vs Young Men Across 40 Countries

In a systematic analysis of data from 40 countries reported in the International Journal of Cancer, Fidler-Benaoudia et al identified a widespread emergence of higher lung cancer incidence rates in young women vs young men. The trend does not appear to be explained by differences in smoking...

Lung Cancer

Cancer Has Made Me the Person I Am, and I’m Grateful

The only clue that I was harboring a life-threatening cancer came as I was driving to a golf lesson in the fall of 2006, and I casually rubbed the left side of neck and felt a tiny bump. Although I wasn’t alarmed at the time, I did point out the mass to my primary care physician when I met with...

Lung Cancer
Lymphoma
Bladder Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Lung Cancers, Lymphoma

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for non–small cell and small cell lung cancers, as well as for diffuse large-B cell lymphoma (DLBCL); Breakthrough Therapy designation to an antibody-drug conjugate for bladder cancer; and a double Fast...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Addition of Pembrolizumab vs Placebo to Pemetrexed/Platinum for Nonsquamous NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Marina C. Garassino, MD, and colleagues, global health status/quality of life was maintained or improved with the addition of pembrolizumab vs placebo to pemetrexed/platinum therapy for previously untreated metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer...

Lung Cancer

Osimertinib Plus Savolitinib for EGFR-Mutated, MET-Amplified NSCLC After Disease Progression on EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors

As reported in The Lancet Oncology, Lecia V. Sequist, MD, and colleagues have found activity and an acceptable risk-benefit profile with the combination of the third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib and the MET tyrosine kinase inhibitor savolitinib in patients with EGFR...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO/CCO Update Guideline for Selecting Systemic Treatment in Stage IV NSCLC Without Driver Mutations

ASCO and Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) have published an update to a joint guideline on systemic therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without driver mutations.1 “The treatment of stage IV NSCLC has become increasingly more complicated, and, with the advent of immunotherapy and the...

Lymphoma
Lung Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Lymphoma, Lung Cancer, GIST, and Breast Cancer

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to agents in lymphoma, lung cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and breast cancer, and granted Fast Track designation to a first-in-class radioenhancer hafnium oxide nanoparticle in head and neck cancer. Priority...

lung cancer

Jarrett Failing, MD, on Human Leukocyte Antigen Expression in NSCLC With Brain Metastases

Jarrett Failing, MD, of the Mayo Clinic, discusses his study data, which show some agreement between the expression of human leukocyte antigens in primary non–small cell lung cancer with brain metastasis. His findings may have some bearing on resistance to immune checkpoint inhibitors (Abstract 43).

skin cancer
breast cancer
lung cancer

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, on Mobilizing the Immune System to Treat Select Solid Tumors

Elizabeth A. Mittendorf, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, summarizes a session she co-chaired on utilizing the immune system in neoadjuvant trials to treat melanoma, breast, and lung cancers.

Lung Cancer

IASLC Early Lung Imaging Confederation Initiative for Analysis of Low-Dose CT Images

As reported by James L. Mulshine, MD, and colleagues in JCO Clinical Cancer Informatics, the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) is developing the Early Lung Imaging Confederation (ELIC) “to serve as an open-source, international, universally accessible environment to...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

ASCO-SITC 2020: Low Incidence of Nivolumab-Induced Radiation Recall Pneumonitis Among Patients With NSCLC

A multicenter retrospective study investigating the incidence of pneumonitis and the incidence, risk factors, and clinical characteristics of radiation recall pneumonitis in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had received nivolumab found the incidence of radiation recall...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO-SITC 2020: Preliminary Results Show Antitumor Activity With Pepinemab/Avelumab in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

Interim results from the CLASSICAL-Lung phase Ib/II clinical trial of pepinemab, an IgG4 humanized monoclonal antibody targeting semaphorin 4D, in combination with the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 antibody avelumab for patients with advanced NSCLC showed that the treatment is well tolerated...

Lung Cancer

Effect of Volume-Based CT Screening on Lung Cancer Mortality in High-Risk Patients

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Harry J. de Koning, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the Dutch/Belgian NELSON trial has shown a significant reduction in 10-year lung cancer mortality with volume-based low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening vs no screening in high-risk men. Male...

Lung Cancer

ASCO Guideline Addresses Surveillance of Lung Cancer After Curative-Intent Therapy

ASCO has released a new guideline providing recommendations to practicing clinicians on radiographic imaging and biomarker surveillance strategies after definitive, curative-intent therapy in patients with stage I to III non–small cell lung cancer or small cell lung cancer. These guideline...

Lung Cancer

Patient Aid Improved Lung Cancer Screening Informed Decision-Making

In the first comparative clinical trial of lung cancer screening decision aid vs standard educational information, researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center showed that a decision aid delivered through tobacco quitlines effectively reaches a screening-eligible population...

Lung Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review Granted for Treatment in Lung and Thyroid Cancers

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a treatment for lung and thyroid cancers with a RET fusion or mutation; gave Breakthrough Therapy designation to a doublet therapy for TP53-mutated myelodysplastic syndromes; and issued an update to their...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pooled Analysis of Body Mass Index and Overall Survival With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in NSCLC

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kichenadasse et al found that high body mass index was associated with improved overall survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with atezolizumab. As noted by the investigators, there are data showing that high BMI is...

Lung Cancer

STS 2020: Intraoperative Molecular Imaging Technology Helps Surgeons to Detect NSCLC

A tumor-highlighting technology—OTL38—enhances the visualization of lung cancer tissue, providing surgeons with a significantly better chance of finding and removing more cancer than previously possible, according to a scientific presentation by Gangadharan et al at the Plenary Session of the 56th...

Multiple Myeloma
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Multiple Myeloma, Prostate Cancer

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for multiple myeloma and prostate cancer; gave Fast Track designation to a targeted gene therapy for lung cancer; granted Orphan Drug designation to a combination therapy for hepatocellular...

Lung Cancer

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute to Establish Chen-Huang Center for EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancers

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute will create the Chen-Huang Center for EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancers to stimulate research, promote clinical trials, and strengthen the Institute’s capabilities for studying and treating lung cancer. The Chen-Huang Center is being established with a $5 million gift from...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Atezolizumab With Chemotherapy for Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC Without EGFR/ALK Aberrations

On December 3, 2019, atezolizumab in combination with nab-paclitaxel and carboplatin was approved for first-line treatment of metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumore aberrations.1,2 The approval was based on findings in the open-label phase III...

Lung Cancer

Impact of the NCI Cell-Line Database: A Testament to Patient Altruism

In an homage to the gracious patients who provided biospecimens and to the dedicated researchers who have tended and studied the derived cell lines, James L. Mulshine, MD, of the Center for Healthy Aging, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University, and colleagues have described the impact of...

Lung Cancer

Entrectinib in Advanced ROS1 Fusion–Positive NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Alexander Drilon, MD, and colleagues, an integrated analysis of three phase I/II trials has shown high activity of the TRK and ROS1 inhibitor entrectinib in ROS1 fusion-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This analysis supported the August 2019 U.S....

Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Supportive Care
Multiple Myeloma
Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Ovarian Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and NSCLC

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for ovarian, prostate, and lung cancer; granted Orphan Drug designation to therapies for chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia and multiple myeloma; and granted Breakthrough Device designation to platforms...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Bevacizumab With or Without Pemetrexed in Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC

In a Japanese phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Seto et al found that the addition of maintenance pemetrexed to bevacizumab did not significantly improve overall survival in patients with previously untreated, advanced nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...

Lung Cancer

Step Counts May Help Predict Treatment Outcomes for Patients With NSCLC

A new study suggests step counters could play a role in predicting outcomes for people undergoing chemoradiation therapy for lung cancer. These findings were published by Ohri et al in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology • Biology • Physics. “I consider step counts to be a new vital...

Lung Cancer

Long-Term Results of Standard- vs High-Dose Chemoradiotherapy With or Without Cetuximab in Patients With Stage III NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jeffrey D. Bradley, MD, and colleagues, long-term results of the phase III NRG Oncology/RTOG 0617 trial indicate that standard-dose radiotherapy should remain the standard of care in chemoradiotherapy for nonresectable stage III non–small cell...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in KRAS-Mutant and Wild-Type PD-L1–Positive Nonsquamous NSCLC

In an analysis reported in Annals of Oncology, Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that pembrolizumab was active in both KRAS-mutant and wild-type tumors in a subgroup of patients in the KEYNOTE-042 trial with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive nonsquamous non–small cell lung...

Lung Cancer

Osimertinib in Patients With NSCLC Harboring Uncommon EGFR Mutations

In a Korean phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Myung-Ju Ahn, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that osimertinib was active in patients with metastatic or recurrent non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with uncommon EGFR mutations. Study Details In the multicenter study, 36...

Lung Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hematologic Malignancies
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Breast Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in SCLC, Bladder Cancer, Colorectal Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Reviews for treatments in extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), non–muscle invasive bladder cancer, and BRAF V600E–mutant colorectal cancer. The Agency also recently issued multiple Breakthrough Therapy designations and ...

Lung Cancer

Global Survey Shows Misperceptions About Lung Cancer Among the General Public

Only one in five people (22%) disagrees with the statement “generally, patients with lung cancer have caused their illness through their lifestyle choices and behaviors,” according to a global, omnibus survey conducted by Ipsos MORI and sponsored by the Lung Ambition Alliance. The results were...

Lung Cancer

Long-Term Data on Brigatinib in First-Line Setting of ALK-Positive Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Updated data from the phase III ALTA-1L trial were presented by D. Ross Camidge, MD, PhD, of the University of Colorado Cancer Center, Aurora, during the Presidential Session at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Asia Congress 2019 in Singapore.1 The trial evaluated brigatinib vs...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2019: Safety Analysis Results for First-Line Durvalumab Plus Platinum/Etoposide in Extensive-Stage SCLC

Few grade 3 or higher immune-related adverse events were observed in patients treated with first-line durvalumab plus platinum/etoposide for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC), according to findings from the safety analysis of the phase III CASPIAN study presented by Özgüroğlu et al at...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lung Cancer Expert Julie R. Brahmer, MD, MSc, Was an Early Believer in Immunotherapy—and Still Is

Lung cancer specialist Julie R. Brahmer, MD, MSc, comes from a long line of Midwest farmers who still run a family operation. “I’m originally from what I would call the middle of nowhere in Nebraska. My father is a sixth-generation farmer, and my mother is a nurse. I was inclined toward medicine at ...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2019: First-Line Immunotherapy Combination for Patients With Advanced NSCLC and Comorbidities or Poor Performance Status

First-line treatment with the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab was safe and provided encouraging overall survival results in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as well as in patients with NSCLC traditionally not eligible for clinical trials—such as those who had...

Lung Cancer

Global Survey Shows Misperceptions About Lung Cancer Among the General Public

Only one in five people (22%) disagrees with the statement “generally, patients with lung cancer have caused their illness through their lifestyle choices and behaviors,” according to a global, omnibus survey conducted by Ipsos MORI and sponsored by the Lung Ambition Alliance. The results were...

Lung Cancer

FDA Approves PD-L1 Inhibitor Plus Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Nonsquamous Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On December 4, 2019, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with chemotherapy (nab-paclitaxel and carboplatin) for the first-line treatment of adults with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR or ALK genomic...

Lung Cancer

Erlotinib Plus Ramucirumab: Ready for Prime Time?

The treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive lung cancer changed dramatically after the results of the FLAURA trial showed improved progression-free survival with the third-generation EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor osimertinib as first-line therapy compared with...

Lung Cancer

Ramucirumab Plus Erlotinib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Previously Untreated EGFR-Mutated Advanced NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Kazuhiko Nakagawa, MD, of the Department of Medical Oncology, Kindai University Faculty of Medicine, Osaka, and colleagues, the phase III RELAY trial has shown that the addition of the VEGFR2 inhibitor ramucirumab to the EGFR inhibitor erlotinib improved...

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