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Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Durvalumab Added to Standard Chemotherapy Improved Overall Survival in Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Data from clinical efficacy and biomarker analyses conducted for the single-arm phase II PrE0505 study of the initial treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma were presented by Patrick Forde, MB, BCh, and colleagues during the Lung Cancer Oral Abstract Session at the ASCO20 Virtual ...

Lung Cancer

Tepotinib Shows Activity in Patients With NSCLC and MET Exon 14–Skipping Mutation

Patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and a mutation that leads to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping had a 46.5% objective response rate to the targeted therapy drug tepotinib, as shown in a study presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves First-Line Ramucirumab Plus Erlotinib for Metastatic EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

On May 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ramucirumab (Cyramza, injection, 10 mg/mL solution) in combination with erlotinib for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Etoposide/Platinum for Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Charles M. Rudin, MD, PhD, and colleagues (Abstract 9001), the phase III KEYNOTE-604 trial has shown that first-line pembrolizumab plus etoposide/platinum significantly prolonged progression-free survival and prolonged overall survival at a...

Lung Cancer
COVID-19

Study Finds Patients With Lung Cancer Infected With COVID-19 Are at High Risk for Hospitalization

Data from the global TERAVOLT Consortium, which is investigating the impact of COVID-19 infection on patients with thoracic cancers, have found that these patients are at high risk for hospitalization and death. Prior use of chemotherapy was associated with an increased risk of mortality, as was...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Lecia V. Sequist, MD

Lecia V. Sequist, MD, who was not involved in the ADAURA study, said this would be a practice-changing study. Dr. Sequist is the Landry Family Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Director of the Center for Innovation in Early Cancer Detection at Massachusetts General Hospital....

Lung Cancer

Adjuvant Osimertinib in Early-Stage EGFR-Positive NSCLC

Adjuvant osimertinib significantly improved disease-free survival compared with placebo in patients with stage IB to IIIA ­EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who underwent complete resection of primary tumor and received chemotherapy if indicated. These results from the first interim...

lung cancer

Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Osimertinib in Stage IB–IIIA EGFR Mutation–Positive Disease

Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, of Yale Cancer Center, discusses data from the ADAURA study, which showed that compared with placebo, osimertinib as adjuvant therapy after complete tumor resection reduced the risk of disease recurrence or death by 79% in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract LBA5).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Plus Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic or Recurrent NSCLC

On May 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) and two cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic or recurrent non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no epidermal...

Lung Cancer

FDA Approves Brigatinib for ALK-Positive Metastatic NSCLC

On May 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved brigatinib (Alunbrig) for adult patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as detected by an FDA-approved test. The FDA also approved the Vysis ALK Break Apart FISH Probe Kit...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy for Resectable NSCLC

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Shu et al found that neoadjuvant treatment with atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel/carboplatin produced a major pathologic response in 57% of patients and a complete pathologic response in 33% of patients with resectable, predominantly stage IIIA...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Germline Genetic Variants in ATM and Lung Cancer Susceptibility

An international consortium of researchers has identified a mutation involved in a person’s susceptibility to lung cancer. This variant could help identify certain populations at greater risk for lung cancer, according to results reported by Ji et al in Nature Communications. ATM Variant Their...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Atezolizumab for the First-Line Treatment of Patients With Metastatic NSCLC and High PD-L1 Expression

On May 18, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for the first-line treatment of adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have high programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression (PD-L1 stained ≥ 50% of tumor cells or...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Qi Liu, PhD, on NSCLC: Pneumonitis, Immunotherapy, and Chemotherapy

Qi Liu, PhD, of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, discusses data that suggest that patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer who had a past medical history of pneumonitis were more likely to experience treatment-associated pneumonitis in response to immune checkpoint inhibitors or chemotherapy (Abstract CT086).

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Leukemia
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Two Breakthrough Therapy Designations for Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki, and More

Over the past few weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designations for an antibody-drug conjugate in the treatment of gastric and lung cancers. The Agency has also issued Orphan Drug designations for agents being investigated in chronic myeloid...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab/Ipilimumab for First-Line Treatment of Patients With Metastatic NSCLC and PD-L1 Tumor Expression ≥ 1%

On May 15, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)  at ≥ 1%, as...

Kidney Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Issues in Oncology
Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer

Selected Poster Presentations on Cancer Therapeutics and More

Although the live 2020 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Annual Conference was canceled, more than 100 posters scheduled for presentation are now available online, as part of the NCCN 2020 Virtual Annual Conference. The ASCO Post has summarized some of the clinical trial updates we found ...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Quitting Smoking at Any Point Improves Lung Cancer Survival, Study Finds

People who quit smoking at any time—even 2 years before a lung cancer diagnosis—improve their chances of survival after being diagnosed with the disease, according to the results of a large international study presented by Fares et al in a press briefing in advance of the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific...

lung cancer

Edward B. Garon, MD, on Metastatic NSCLC: GEOMETRY mono-1 Trial of Capmatinib

Edward B. Garon, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, David Geffen School of Medicine, discusses results from a small study in METex14-mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer and brain metastases. The trial suggested capmatinib showed antitumor activity in the brain, regardless of prior therapy, and a manageable safety profile (Abstract CT082).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Edward B. Garon, MD, on NSCLC: Long-Term Use of Pemetrexed Plus Platinum With Pembrolizumab

Edward B. Garon, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, discusses KEYNOTE-189 trial findings that showed adding pembrolizumab to pemetrexed plus platinum—which previously was found to improve overall and progression-free survival—is also safe and has manageable toxicity in long-term use for patients with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract CT085).

Lung Cancer
COVID-19

How the Lung Cancer Community Came Together During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic (caused by infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus) has created a host of diagnostic, treatment, and follow-up problems for patients with cancer of all types, and this is particularly true for patients with lung cancer, their families, and providers. Everyone wanted to...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Byoung Chul Cho, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Genetic Mutations and Immunotherapy vs Chemotherapy in KEYNOTE-042

Byoung Chul Cho, MD, PhD, of Yonsei Cancer Center and Severance Hospital, discusses the STK11 and KEAP1 mutations in non–small cell lung cancers, and their relationship to the efficacy of pembrolizumab monotherapy vs platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment for PD-L1–positive advanced disease (Abstract CT084).

Lung Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves Selpercatinib for Lung and Thyroid Cancers With RET Mutations or Fusions

On May 8, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to selpercatinib (Retevmo) for the following indications: Adult patients with metastatic RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) Adult and pediatric patients ≥ 12 years of age with advanced or...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Durvalumab Plus Chemotherapy for Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

On March 27, 2020, durvalumab (Imfinzi) was approved for use in combination with etoposide and either carboplatin or cisplatin as first-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the findings of the open-label phase III ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Pembrolizumab to Docetaxel for Previously Treated Immunotherapy-Naive Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer

In the single-institution phase II PROLUNG trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Oscar Arrieta, MD, and Christian Rolfo, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of pembrolizumab to docetaxel improved objective response rates and progression-free survival in immunotherapy-naive patients with...

Lung Cancer

FDA Approves Capmatinib for Patients With Metastatic NSCLC With Confirmed MET Exon 14 Skipping

On May 6, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to capmatinib (Tabrecta) for adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a mutation that leads to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping as detected by...

Leukemia
Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in AML, Fast Track Designations for Pancreatic Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Over the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Fast Track designations for agents in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic/nonpancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; approvals for companion diagnostic tests;...

COVID-19
Lung Cancer

AACR 2020: Mortality Rate in Patients With Thoracic Cancers Infected With COVID-19

First results from the TERAVOLT (Thoracic cancERs international coVid 19 cOLlaboraTion) registry for thoracic cancers—presented by Marina C. Garassino, MD, at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Virtual Annual Meeting in the COVID-19 and Cancer Session—indicate a high mortality rate ...

Lung Cancer

AACR 2020: ctDNA May Be a Prognostic Biomarker of Disease Recurrence in Patients With Lung Cancer

The TRACERx study investigated phylogenetic tracking and minimal residual disease (MRD) detection using circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) profiling following resection in patients with stage I to III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Investigators found that ctDNA is an adjuvant biomarker capable of...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer

What’s the Current Status of Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy?

For several tumor types, can the successes achieved with immunotherapy in the metastatic and adjuvant settings be replicated in the neoadjuvant setting? An explosion in clinical trials—with more than 300 listed on ClinicalTrials.gov—point to “yes.” “The neoadjuvant use of immunotherapy is of great ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Pembrolizumab to Docetaxel for Previously Treated Immunotherapy-Naive Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In the single-institution phase II PROLUNG trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Arrieta et al found that the addition of pembrolizumab to docetaxel improved objective response rate and progression-free survival in immunotherapy-naive patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab vs Chemotherapy for Metastatic NSCLC: MYSTIC Study

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Naiyer A. Rizvi, MD, and colleagues, the phase III MYSTIC trial showed no overall survival benefit with durvalumab vs chemotherapy, or overall or progression-free survival benefit with durvalumab/tremelimumab vs chemotherapy, as first-line treatment in patients with...

lung cancer

Apar Kishor Ganti, MD, on NSCLC: Real-World Adherence and Persistence of ALK Inhibitors

Apar Kishor Ganti, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, discusses his study findings, which show that alectinib was associated with longer treatment persistence and comparable adherence to other ALK inhibitors (Abstract HSR20-084).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Activity of Pembrolizumab in Patients With NSCLC Brain Metastases

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Sarah B. Goldberg, MD, MPH, and colleagues, continued follow-up of the non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cohort of a single-institution phase II trial showed that pembrolizumab produced responses in patients with brain metastases and programmed cell death...

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors
Lung Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
CNS Cancers

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapy Based on Biomarker Status, Combination First-Line Therapy in Lung Cancer

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to an immunotherapeutic agent for solid tumors with a high tumor mutational burden and to a combination treatment for the first-line treatment of metastatic or recurrent non–small cell lung cancer. The agency...

Lung Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, FRCP

Semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D, and its receptor, plexin B1) is broadly expressed in malignant tumors. Aside from other “normal functions” in tumors, SEMA4D influences the infiltration and distribution of leukocytes into the microenvironment, and its inhibition promotes functional immune infiltration....

Lung Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

SEMA4D Inhibition: A Novel Means of Improving Immune Response

A novel class of inhibitors may hold some promise for boosting responses to checkpoint inhibitors and for sensitizing poorly immunogenic tumors, such as pancreatic cancer, to immunotherapy. The drug targets semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D), a glycoprotein expressed on the cell membranes of many tumor types....

Lung Cancer

Second-Line Lurbinectedin in Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Trigo et al, second-line treatment with the selective oncogenic transcription inhibitor lurbinectedin showed activity in patients with small cell lung cancer included in a phase II basket trial. The trial includes cohorts representing nine different tumor...

Issues in Oncology
Lung Cancer

Disparities in Receipt of Chemotherapy Among Patients With pN1 Lung Cancer

In patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) where the cancer has spread to one or more lymph nodes close to the lungs—a condition known as pathologic N1 (pN1) disease—current guidelines recommend a two-part protocol: surgical resection, followed by chemotherapy. However, a retrospective...

Lung Cancer

Imaging-Based Radiotherapy Target Volume Reduction in Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a European trial (PET-Plan) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nestle et al found that the use of reduced radiotherapy target volumes determined by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (FDG-PET) alone may achieve improved local control vs conventional target planning with...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

FDA Approves Durvalumab as Part of a First-Line Combination Regimen for Extensive-Stage SCLC

On March 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved durvalumab (Imfinzi) in combination with etoposide and either carboplatin or cisplatin as first-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). CASPIAN Trial Efficacy of this combination in patients...

Issues in Oncology
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Patients With Certain Cancers May Be at a Higher Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

People with a history of cancer have an over twofold risk of developing atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder, compared to the general population, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s Annual Scientific Session (Abstract 1216-235). In...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Updated Analysis From KEYNOTE-189: Adding Pembrolizumab to Pemetrexed/Platinum for Nonsquamous NSCLC

An updated analysis from the phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial, reported by Shirish Gadgeel, MB, BS, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, indicated that the addition of pembrolizumab to pemetrexed/platinum chemotherapy continues to be associated with progression-free and overall survival...

Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy for NSCLC With Specific Mutation, Approval of Test for Cervical Cancer, and More

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to a bispecific antibody for the treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations; granted approval to a test for human...

Lung Cancer
COVID-19

Pulmonary Pathology of Early COVID-19 Pneumonia Identified Retrospectively in Two Patients With Lung Cancer

An international team of clinicians and researchers have described the pathology of the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19, for the first time. Their findings were published by Tian et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. The article’s senior author, Shu-Yuan Xiao, MD, from the University of Chicago ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Concurrent Pembrolizumab and Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a phase I trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Jabbour et al found that the use of pembrolizumab concurrently with chemoradiotherapy in advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was tolerable, and that progression-free survival with the combination therapy was 69.7% at 12 months. As stated by the...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Plasma-Based Tumor Mutational Burden May Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

Patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher measures of tumor mutations that show up in a blood test generally have a better clinical response to certain immunotherapy treatments than patients with a lower measure of mutations. A clinical trial showed that in cases where liquid...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes and Retreatment Outcomes With Immunotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Advanced NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of patients with previously treated advanced programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the KEYNOTE-010 trial has shown a continued survival...

Lung Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in Lung Cancer, Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Head and Neck Cancer, and More

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to brigatinib for the treatment of ALK-positive lung cancer and Breakthrough Therapy designation to a potential first-in-class oral antagonist of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins for the treatment of head and neck...

Lung Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Trends in Lung Cancer Incidence in Young Women vs Young Men Across 40 Countries

In a systematic analysis of data from 40 countries reported in the International Journal of Cancer, Fidler-Benaoudia et al identified a widespread emergence of higher lung cancer incidence rates in young women vs young men. The trend does not appear to be explained by differences in smoking...

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