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Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

DART Trial: Concurrent Radiotherapy Plus Durvalumab Active in Older Patients With Locally Advanced Lung Cancer

Interim results of a phase II study have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of treating elderly and frail patients with locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with the monoclonal antibody durvalumab during and after radiation therapy, without chemotherapy. The results of a...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Corinne Faivre-Finn, MD, PhD, and Masahiro Tsuboi, MD

The first discussant of the NADIM II study, Corinne Faivre-Finn, MD, PhD, Professor of Thoracic Radiation Oncology, University of Manchester, and Honorary Consultant Clinical Oncologist at The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, England, called the results “very impressive” but noted that...

Lung Cancer

NADIM II Trial: Neoadjuvant Chemoimmunotherapy Improved Survival in Resectable, Stage IIIA NSCLC

In patients with resectable, stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the addition of neoadjuvant nivolumab to platinum-based chemotherapy significantly improved overall survival compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone, according to data presented by Mariano Provencio, MD, PhD, at the...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Chia Puey Ling, MBBS, MMed, MRCP, FRACP, PhD

Discussant of the exploratory analysis of the POSEIDON trial, Chia Puey Ling, MBBS, MMed, MRCP, FRACP, PhD, a medical oncologist at Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, noted that although 30% of the mutation-evaluable population had KRAS mutations, only a small percentage of patients had co-mutated...

Lung Cancer

Exploratory Analysis of POSEIDON: Chemoimmunotherapy Regimen May Offer Survival Benefit in Subgroups of Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

The addition of the CTLA-4 inhibitor tremelimumab to durvalumab and chemotherapy in the first-line setting has already demonstrated an overall survival and progression-free survival benefit vs chemotherapy alone in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). According to data...

Lung Cancer

Selpercatinib in RET Fusion–Positive Advanced NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Alexander Drilon, MD, and colleagues, an updated analysis of the multicohort phase I/II LIBRETTO-001 trial confirmed the activity of selpercatinib in patients with RET fusion–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The trial supported ...

Lung Cancer

Risks Associated With Sinoatrial Node Radiation Dose in Patients With Lung Cancer Receiving Definitive Chemoradiotherapy

In a Korean single-institution retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Kim et al found that higher sinoatrial node radiation doses were associated with an increased risk of atrial fibrillation and poorer survival in patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) and locally ...

Lung Cancer

Therapeutic Universal Cancer Peptide–Based Vaccine in Refractory Advanced NSCLC

In a French phase Ib/IIa trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Adotévi et al found that a therapeutic universal cancer peptide–based vaccine (UCPVax) induced specific CD4+ T helper–1 responses in many patients with refractory advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with...

Lung Cancer

Exploratory Analysis of POSEIDON: Chemoimmunotherapy Regimen May Offer Survival Benefit in Subgroups of Metastatic NSCLC

The addition of the CTLA-4 inhibitor tremelimumab to durvalumab and chemotherapy in the first-line setting has already demonstrated an overall survival and progression-free survival benefit vs chemotherapy alone in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). According to data...

Lung Cancer

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan for Advanced HER2-Mutant NSCLC

On August 11, 2022, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki was granted accelerated approval for unresectable or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with tumors that have activating HER2 mutations, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved test and who have received a...

Lung Cancer

Capmatinib for Metastatic NSCLC With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutation

On August 10, 2022, capmatinib was granted regular approval for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with tumors having a mutation leading to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration–approved test.1...

Lung Cancer

NELSON vs NLST: Nodule Management Based on Volumetry Shows Increased Benefits

Lung cancer screening has been shown to significantly reduce lung cancer mortality, but some management protocols have more benefit than others, according to data presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2022 World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC).1 Although the...

Lung Cancer

IMpower010: Early Survival Data Favor Atezolizumab Over Best Supportive Care in Resected NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 50%

Early results from the IMpower010 trial showed an overall survival trend favoring adjuvant atezolizumab vs best supportive care for patients with PD-L1–positive (tumor expression ≥ 1%), stage II–IIIA (UICC/AJCC staging system, 7th ed), resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These data were...

Lung Cancer

Is Germline Testing Warranted for All Patients With Lung Cancer?

Germline testing may be warranted for all patients with lung cancer, according to research presented during the August 2022 ASCO Plenary Series by Renato G. Martins, MD, MPH, Chair of Hematology Oncology and Palliative Care at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center, Richmond.1 The...

Lung Cancer

NADIM Trial: Neoadjuvant Chemoimmunotherapy Improved Survival in Resectable, Stage IIIA NSCLC

In patients with resectable, stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the addition of neoadjuvant nivolumab to platinum-based chemotherapy significantly improved overall survival compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone, according to data presented by Mariano Provencio, MD, PhD, at the...

Lung Cancer
Pain Management

New, Long-Term Opioid Use After Lung Cancer Surgery Linked to Reduced 2-Year Survival

New, long-term use of opioids after lung cancer surgery was linked to a 40% increased risk of death from any cause within the following 2 years, according to findings published by Oh et al in the journal Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine. Persistent postoperative pain has been reported in up...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in Patients With Completely Resected Stage IB to IIIA NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by O’Brien et al, the second interim analysis of the phase III PEARLS/KEYNOTE-091 trial has shown significantly improved disease-free survival with adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo in patients with completely resected stage IB to IIIA non-small cell lung cancer...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves Selpercatinib for Locally Advanced or Metastatic RET Fusion–Positive NSCLC

On September 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to selpercatinib (Retevmo) for adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a RET gene fusion (as detected by an FDA-approved test). The FDA also approved the Oncomine ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab May Be Safe, Effective Option for Localized Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

New data show that the immuno-oncology drug atezolizumab may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with stage IB to IIIB non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) prior to surgery, according to a study led by researchers with The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center–Arthur G. James...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

'Real-World' Experience With Durvalumab at the Mayo Clinic Mirrors PACIFIC Findings

Concurrent chemoradiation followed by durvalumab has become the standard of care in patients with unresectable, locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), based on the PACIFIC trial.1 But clinical trials have predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and they evaluate selective...

Lung Cancer

National Lung Screening Trial Results Highlight Importance of Lifelong Follow-up

Approximately 6% of patients with stage I to III lung cancer develop a second primary lung cancer within 5 years of their initial diagnosis, according to research presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2022 World Conference on Lung Cancer.1 Analysis of data...

Cost of Care
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Costs of Cancer Treatment for Younger, Privately Insured Patients

A new, large study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS) and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center showed the rising costs of cancer treatment led to increases in total costs of care, and when compounded with greater cost-sharing, increased out-of-pocket costs for...

lung cancer

Tony S.K. Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Review of Recent Data From the SUNRISE and ORIENT-31 Trials

Tony S.K. Mok, MD, of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses two late-breaking abstracts presented at ESMO 2022: the phase II SUNRISE study, which compared sintilimab plus anlotinib vs platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); and the ORIENT-31 trial, which compared sintilimab with or without IBI305 (a bevacizumab biosimilar) plus chemotherapy in patients with EGFR-mutated nonsquamous NSCLC who experienced disease progression on EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Lung Cancer

High-Intensity Intervention Helps One-Third of Participants in Lung Cancer Screening Program Quit Smoking

Despite significant advancements in cancer therapy, a primary means to avoid lung cancer is prevention, and smoking cessation is the most basic intervention. Unfortunately, for long-term smokers, that intervention can sometimes be the most challenging. According to data presented during the...

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Screening Increases Percentage of Stage I Cases Detected, While Reducing Percentage of Stage IV Cases Detected

Implementing lung cancer screening at four diverse health-care systems resulted in an 8.4% increase in the number of stage I lung cancers detected and a 6.6% decrease in the detection of stage IV disease, according to research published by Vachani et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. The...

Lung Cancer

Outcomes of Lung Cancer Screening in Individuals With or Without Lung-Related Comorbidities

In a prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Metwally et al found no significant differences in positive examination, cancer detection, or false-positive rates among individuals with vs without self-reported lung-related comorbidities undergoing low-dose computed tomography lung...

Lung Cancer

Updated Overall Survival Findings With Adjuvant Erlotinib vs Vinorelbine/Cisplatin in EGFR-Mutant Stage IIIA NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Yue et al, an updated analysis of the Chinese phase II EVAN study indicated a sizable overall survival advantage with adjuvant erlotinib vs vinorelbine/cisplatin in patients with R0 resected stage IIIA EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gérard Zalcman, MD, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Phase III Trial Findings on Nivolumab and Ipilimumab

Gérard Zalcman, MD, PhD, of France’s Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, discusses phase III results from the IFCT-1701 trial, which explored the questions of whether to administer nivolumab plus ipilimumab for 6 months or whether to prolong the treatment in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 972O).

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Updated Results From the ADAURA Trial of Adjuvant Osimertinib in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

Newly released results from the phase III ADAURA trial revealed that osimertinib yielded a 5.5-year median disease-free survival in the postsurgical treatment of patients with EGFR-mutated non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and nearly three in four patients treated with adjuvant osimertinib were...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: New Findings on Cemiplimab, Nivolumab, and Ipilimumab

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of Germany’s Lung Clinic Grosshansdorf, details two trials that included patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer: 3-year survival outcomes in the EMPOWER-Lung 1 study of continued cemiplimab-rwlc beyond disease progression with the addition of chemotherapy, and phase III results from the IFCT-1701 trial of nivolumab plus ipilimumab 6-month treatment vs treatment continuation (LBA54 and Abstract 972O).

lung cancer

Charles Swanton, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Induced by Air Pollution

Charles Swanton, PhD, of The Francis Crick Institute, discusses a newly discovered mechanism of action for air pollution–induced non–small cell lung cancer in which particles linked to climate change appear to promote cancerous changes. The finding might pave the way for new potential approaches to lung cancer prevention and treatment (Abstract LBA1).

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Researchers Examine How Air Pollution May Drive Lung Cancer in Never-Smokers

A new mechanism has been identified through which very small pollutant particles in the air may trigger lung cancer in people who have never smoked, paving the way to new prevention approaches and the development of novel therapies, according to late-breaking data reported by Charles Swanton, MBBS, ...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Addition of Sintilimab and Bevacizumab Biosimilar to Chemotherapy for Patients With Advanced EGFR-Mutated NSCLC and Disease Progression on EGFR Inhibitors

In an interim analysis of the Chinese phase III ORIENT-31 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Lu et al found that the addition of sintilimab and the bevacizumab biosimilar IBI305 to chemotherapy prolonged progression-free survival in patients with advanced EGFR-mutated nonsquamous non–small cell ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

DART Trial: Concurrent Radiotherapy Plus Durvalumab Active in Older Patients With Locally Advanced Lung Cancer

Interim results of a phase II study have demonstrated the safety and feasibility of treating elderly and frail patients with locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with the monoclonal antibody durvalumab during and after radiation therapy, without chemotherapy. The results of a...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Addition of Chemotherapy to Gefitinib in First-Line Treatment of Advanced NSCLC With EGFR Mutations

In an updated analysis of the Japanese phase III NEJ009 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Miyauchi et al found that gefitinib plus carboplatin/pemetrexed was associated with prolonged progression-free survival and progression-free survival 2—but loss of significance in overall...

Lung Cancer

Deep-Learning Algorithm May Streamline Lung Cancer Radiotherapy Treatment

Lung cancer, the most common cancer worldwide, is targeted with radiation therapy in nearly one-half of cases. Radiation therapy planning is a manual, resource-intensive process that can take days to weeks to complete, and even highly trained physicians vary in their determinations of how much...

Lung Cancer
Global Cancer Care

International Career Joins Cancer Research and Clinical Care of Patients With Lung Cancer

Pilar Garrido, MD, PhD, is Head of the Medical Oncology Department, University Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid. She is also Co-Director of the Cancer Research Group at Instituto Ramón y Cajal de Investigación Sanitaria (IRYCIS). Her main areas of research and clinical interest are thoracic tumors,...

Lung Cancer

Adding CT to X-Ray for Follow-up of Completely Resected NSCLC

In a French phase III trial (IFCT-0302) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Westeel et al found that a strategy including computed tomography (CT) and x-ray vs x-ray alone did not improve overall survival when used in the follow-up of patients with completely resected non–small cell lung cancer...

Lung Cancer

New Guideline Updates Address Stage IV Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer With and Without Driver Alterations

Two ASCO guideline updates provide new evidence-based recommendations for the systemic treatment of stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with and without driver alterations.1,2 Among several other updates, these new guidelines add the ALK and ROS1 inhibitor lorlatinib and the PD-L1 immune...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Evidence Confirms Survival Benefit of Durvalumab in Locally Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), immunotherapy consolidation with the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab improved overall survival in the PACIFIC trial,1 thus leading to its use after chemoradiotherapy as a standard of care. Real-world evidence of durvalumab’s effect on overall and...

Lung Cancer

Study Shows Germline Testing May Be Warranted for All Patients With Lung Cancer

Germline testing may be warranted for all patients with lung cancer, according to research presented by Sorscher et al during the August ASCO Plenary Series Program (Abstract 388570). The retrospective review of nearly 8,000 patients with lung cancer undergoing germline testing found that 14.9% had ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Sugemalimab Found to Be a Safe and Effective Consolidation Therapy for Patients With Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

The human monoclonal antibody sugemalimab is a safe and effective consolidation therapy for patients with unresectable stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without disease progression after either concurrent chemoradiotherapy (cCRT) or sequential chemoradiotherapy (sCRT), according to...

Lung Cancer
Supportive Care

Sexual Dysfunction Is Prevalent Among Women With Lung Cancer

Sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent in women with lung cancer, with most participants in a survey reporting little to no interest in sexual activity, according to research led by Narjust Florez (Duma), MD, presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) World...

Lung Cancer

Study Investigates Incidence, Timing, and Survival of Patients With Second Primary Lung Cancer

Using data from the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST), researchers found that the incidence of second primary lung cancer was approximately 4% among the entire cohort of patients with lung cancer and was as high as 8% among patients undergoing surgery for stage IA disease. The research was...

Lung Cancer

NELSON Trial Protocol May Be More Sensitive Than NLST, May Increase Benefits of Lung Cancer Screening

The protocol used to screen and detect lung cancer in the NELSON trial may be more sensitive than the protocol used in the National Lung Cancer Screening Trial (NLST), particularly for early-stage cancers, according to research reported by de Nijs et al at the International Association for the...

Lung Cancer

Informed Consent Forms for Lung Cancer Clinical Trials May Be a Barrier to Informed Participation

Informed consent forms can be overwhelming for patients—they are written at a level that is too high for many patients, possibly impeding true informed consent, according to a report given by King-Kallimanis et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2022 World...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Durvalumab Plus Concurrent Radiotherapy in Unresectable Locally Advanced NSCLC: DOLPHIN Study

Researchers from Japan recently reported that the first phase II study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of durvalumab and concurrent curative radiation therapy for PD-L1–positive unresectable locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without chemotherapy met its primary endpoint with...

Lung Cancer

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Trastuzumab Deruxtecan for HER2-Mutant NSCLC

On August 11, 2022, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd; Enhertu) for adult patients with unresectable or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have activating HER2 mutations, as detected by an...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves Capmatinib for Metastatic NSCLC With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutations

On August 10, 2022, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to capmatinib (Tabrecta) for adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a mutation leading to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping, as detected by an ...

Lung Cancer

Research Suggests Air Pollution Be Included as Risk Factor for Nonsmoking Patients With Lung Cancer

Researchers from Vancouver, British Columbia examined the effect of duration of past exposure to air pollution with lung cancer diagnosis in new research presented by Myers et al at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) World Conference on Lung Cancer 2022 (Abstract...

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