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lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on Lung Cancer: Research Highlights

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, summarizes the top-line lung cancer results reported at this year’s ESMO Congress, including the role of targeted treatment for early stage NSCLC, combining immunotherapy for surgically resectable disease, and immunotherapy for small–cell lung cancer as well as unresectable NSCLC.

lung cancer

Activity of Antibody-Drug Conjugate Telisotuzumab Vedotin in c-Met–Positive Advanced NSCLC

In a phase I study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Strickler et al found evidence of activity of the antibody-drug conjugate telisotuzumab vedotin in non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) overexpressing c-Met. The agent combines the anti–c-Met monoclonal antibody...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Johan F. Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Immunotherapy and Targeted Treatments

Johan F. Vansteenkiste, MD, PhD, of Catholic University Leuven, summarizes a session he co-chaired that included discussion of translating advances in stage IV disease to nonmetastatic lung cancer, TKI approaches in early-stage disease, and integrating immunotherapy and TKIs in stage III disease management.

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, on Immunotherapy for Thoracic Malignancies: Expert Perspective

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of the LungenClinic, discusses recent updates on biomarkers beyond PD-L1 expression; mechanisms and management of resistance; as well as combinations and novel approaches in lung cancer.

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Regardless of Taxane Used, Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Squamous NSCLC

The addition of pembrolizumab (Keytruda) to a standard platinum doublet as first-line therapy improved overall and progression-free survival in patients with metastatic squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), in the primary analysis of KEYNOTE-407.1,2 Furthermore, it did not seem to matter...

Lung Cancer

Entrectinib Shows Activity in ROS1-Positive NSCLC

Although ROS1-mutated lung cancer accounts for about 1% to 2% of all non–small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs), it is an important druggable oncogene, and new data show that it can be successfully targeted for clinical gain. In a pooled analysis of phase I and II trials in patients with ROS1-positive...

Lung Cancer

NELSON Trial: ‘Call to Action’ for Lung Cancer CT Screening of High-Risk Individuals

Results of the very large, randomized, population-based NELSON trial confirm the value of low-dose computed tomography (CT) screening in people at high risk for developing lung cancer. The protective value of screening was more pronounced in women than in men. These study findings were presented at ...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

Durvalumab Improves Overall Survival in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

Several lung cancer trials have shown prolonged progression-free survival with checkpoint inhibitor therapy. For the first time, the phase III PACIFIC trial has found an overall survival benefit for the selective programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitor durvalumab (Imfinzi) vs...

Lung Cancer

Atezolizumab Plus Standard Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Stage IV NSCLC

The combination of atezolizumab (Tecentriq), a programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor, plus carboplatin or cisplatin and pemetrexed (Alimta) as first-line therapy followed by pemetrexed plus atezolizumab maintenance therapy improved progression-free survival in patients with stage IV...

palliative care
lung cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

ICU Admissions During Terminal Hospitalizations in Patients With Stage IV Lung Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Mrad et al found an increase in the proportion of patients with stage IV lung cancer admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) during terminal hospitalization between 1998 and 2014. A large increase in palliative care contacts also occurred,...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
pain management

Opioid Use Following Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery or Open Resection in Early-Stage Lung Cancer

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Tuminello et al found that video-assisted thorascopic surgery (VATS) was less likely than open resection to be associated with long-term opioid use in patients undergoing surgery for early-stage lung cancer. Study Details The study...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-407: First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Metastatic Squamous NSCLC

As reported at the recent International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Paz-Ares et al, the phase III KEYNOTE-407 trial has shown that the addition of pembrolizumab to platinum-based chemotherapy...

lung cancer

CHEST 2018: Adherence to Annual Lung Cancer Screening Needs Improvement

A study from the Thoracic Oncology Research Group (TORG), Division of Pulmonary Critical Care, Medical University of South Carolina, aimed to examine the adherence to annual low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) screening after baseline LDCT within the Veteran Health Administration Lung Cancer...

Lung Cancer

FDA Approves Dacomitinib for Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

ON SEPTEMBER 27, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dacomitinib tablets (Vizimpro) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution...

lung cancer

Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported at the recent International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Horn et al, the phase III IMpower133 study has shown significant improvement in overall and progression-free survival with...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

No Survival Benefit With Avelumab vs Docetaxel in Platinum-Treated, Advanced, PD-L1–Positive NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Barlesi et al, the phase III JAVELIN Lung 200 trial has shown no overall survival benefit with avelumab (Bavencio) vs docetaxel in patients with platinum pretreated programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer
pain management

Study Shows Invasive Lung Cancer Surgery Can Lead to Long-Term Opioid Use

Patients treated with more invasive surgical techniques for early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are more likely to become chronic opioid users than patients treated with minimally invasive surgery, highlighting the need for additional research into how pain management after surgery ...

Lung Cancer

Osimertinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR-Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. In April 2018, osimertinib (Tagrisso) was approved for...

Lung Cancer

Durvalumab Improves Overall Survival in Stage III NSCLC

The phase III PACIFIC trial showed significantly improved overall survival with durvalumab (Imfinzi) vs placebo after chemoradiotherapy in patients with unresectable stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Scott J. Antonia, MD, of the Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, reported these...

lung cancer

Thermal Ablation vs Stereotactic Radiotherapy in Early-Stage NSCLC

Thermal ablation is a safe, effective treatment for early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with comparable results to traditional stereotactic radiotherapy, according to a study published by Uhlig et al in the journal Radiology. The results show that ablation may be an effective ...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: Oncogene-Driven Patient-Caregiver Communities Creating New Paradigm for NSCLC Research

A recent review of patient-caregiver communities focused on non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with genomic alterations showed that these groups are improving outcomes by supporting patients and caregivers, increasing awareness and education, and accelerating research. Patient advocate Janet...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: Study Analyzes Use of Thoracic Radiotherapy for Limited-Stage SCLC

A study has demonstrated that using involved-field radiotherapy (IFRT) and irradiating postchemotherapy residual primary tumor volume for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) did not result in increased recurrence of the cancer. Xiao Hu, MD, PhD, of the Department of Thoracic Radiotherapy,...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: SWOG Study Shows Survival Benefit in Study Population of Women With NSCLC Compared to Males, Regardless of Smoking History

Women diagnosed with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) live longer than their male counterparts, according to the results of a SWOG study presented by Kathy Albain, MD, the Huizenga Family Endowed Chair in Oncology Research at Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine, at the...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: Comprehensive Genomic Profiling Aids in Identifying Personalized Therapeutic Options

Study findings demonstrated that comprehensive genetic profiling is a useful tool in directing patient care, identifying targeted therapies, and enrolling patients in clinical trials. Kimberly Rohan, MS, APN, AOCNP®, a nurse practitioner at the Edward Cancer Center in Naperville, Illinois,...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: Poziotinib in Stage IV NSCLC With Genetic Mutations

Findings presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC) showed poziotinib demonstrates clinical activity among patients with stage IV NSCLC with genetic mutations that have previously not responded to treatment....

lung cancer

FDA Approves Dacomitinib for Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

On September 27, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dacomitinib tablets (Vizimpro) for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19 deletion or exon 21 L858R substitution...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Health Resource Utilization and CNS Metastases in EGFR-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Chooback et al found that central nervous system (CNS)  metastases are frequent in patients with EGFR-mutant advanced non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and are associated with increased health resource...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: Smoking Cessation Services Widely Accepted During Lung Cancer Screening

A recent study found that smoking cessation services offered at the time of lung cancer screening had a high acceptance rate by current smokers. William Evans, MD, FRCPC, Professor Emeritus, McMaster University Department of Oncology, and clinical advisor, Smoking Cessation, Cancer Care Ontario,...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: Outdoor Air Pollution Exposure and Lung Cancer in Female Never-Smokers

Findings from a recent study demonstrate that female patients with lung cancer who have never smoked have significantly greater exposure rates to outdoor air pollution than female patients with lung cancer who have a history of smoking. Renelle L. Myers, MD, FRCPC, of the British Columbia Cancer...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: IMpower132: Atezolizumab Plus Carboplatin and Pemetrexed in Stage IV Nonsquamous NSCLC

Findings from the IMpower132 trial demonstrate that the use of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor atezolizumab in combination with carboplatin plus pemetrexed as first-line therapy and pemetrexed as maintenance therapy improved progression-free survival in patients with stage IV...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: NELSON Study: CT Screening for Early Lung Cancer Reduces Lung Cancer Mortality

Findings from the NELSON study demonstrate that the use of computed tomography (CT) screening among asymptomatic men at high risk for lung cancer led to a 26% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 9%–41%) reduction in lung cancer deaths at 10 years of study follow-up (at 86% compliance). In the...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: Nintedanib Plus Pemetrexed/Cisplatin Does Not Improve PFS or OS in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma of Epithelioid Subtype

Findings from a recent study demonstrate that the triple angiokinase inhibitor nintedanib combined with standard-of-care pemetrexed (Alimta)/cisplatin does not impact progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) for patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma with...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: IMpower133: Atezolizumab May Improve Outcomes for SCLC When Added to Carboplatin and Etoposide

Findings from the IMpower 133 trial demonstrate that adding the anti­–programmed cell death ligand 1 antibody atezolizumab (Tecentriq) to standard first-line therapy with carboplatin and etoposide prolonged overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with...

lung cancer

WCLC 2018: ALTA-1L Trial: Brigatinib vs Crizotinib in Advanced ALK-Positive NSCLC

As reported at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract PL02.03) and in the The New England Journal of Medicine by Camidge et al, an interim analysis of the phase III ALTA-1L trial has shown improved progression-free...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

WCLC 2018: PACIFIC Trial: Overall Survival With Durvalumab After Chemoradiotherapy in Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

As reported at the current International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 19th World Conference on Lung Cancer (Abstract PL02.01) and in The New England Journal of Medicine by Antonia et al, the phase III PACIFIC trial has shown significantly improved overall survival—a...

Lung Cancer

Cancer Doesn’t Frighten Me

In the fall of 2009, I suddenly went from being a healthy, physically active 47-year-old to a patient with stage IV non–small lung cancer (NSCLC), with a 5-year survival rate of less than 5%. A never-smoker, I had attributed a persistent cough I’d been having to the change in the season. And why...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Accepts sBLA for Pembrolizumab Monotherapy in First-Line Treatment of Locally Advanced or Metastatic PD-L1–Expressing NSCLC

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a new supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) seeking approval for pembrolizumab (Keytruda) as monotherapy for first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic nonsquamous or squamous non–small cell lung...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Hyperprogressive Disease in Advanced NSCLC Treated With PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors

In a French study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ferrara et al found that hyperprogressive disease appeared to be more common with programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) inhibitor treatment than single-agent chemotherapy among previously treated patients with...

Lung Cancer

Conqueror in Action: Dr. Zhang Takes on Lung Cancer

Certain physicians know they want to become doctors from a very young age. Others start on a different path until something happens to alter their plans. This was the case for Jianjun Zhang, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. “When I was a kid, I...

Solid Tumors
Lung Cancer

Newly Updated! ASCO Answers Guide to Small Cell Lung Cancer for Your Patients

Fully updated and now with 8th Edition AJCC staging information, this updated guide is designed for people newly diagnosed with small cell lung cancer to help them get organized and learn more about their diagnosis, treatment options, side effects, support options, follow-up care, and more. It...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Survey Shows Increased Public Awareness of Lung Cancer Over Past Decade

Survey results released by the Lung Cancer Alliance (LCA) show that general awareness about lung cancer has improved significantly over the past decade, with 94% of the public reporting familiarity with lung cancer. Despite this change in overall perspective, findings also indicate that lung cancer ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Bevacizumab Treatment Beyond Disease Progression in Advanced NSCLC

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Gridelli et al, the phase IIIB AvaALL trial did not show improved overall survival with continued bevacizumab (Avastin) treatment beyond disease progression in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), although some improvements in subsequent...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Small Study Shows Chemotherapy May Lead to Early Menopause in Young Women With Lung Cancer

A new study suggests chemotherapy may cause acute amenorrhea, leading to early menopause in women with lung cancer. The study is the first to comment on amenorrhea rates in women younger than 50, concluding that women with lung cancer who desire future fertility should be educated about risks and...

lung cancer

Outcomes With Station 4L Lymph Node Dissection in Left Lung Cancer

In a Chinese single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wang et al found that station 4L lymph node (LN) dissection was associated with improved outcome in patients with primary cancer of the left lung. Study Details The retrospective analysis included 657 patients...

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Expert Leora Horn, MD, Recalls Her Journey to a Career in Oncology and a Home in Nashville

The tumultuous history of modern South Africa has numerous stories that lie beneath the surface of the sociopolitical headlines, such as the story of lung cancer expert Leora Horn, MD. “I was born and reared in Johannesburg, South Africa, a second-generation African family. In 1987, because of the...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Lung Cancer
Bladder Cancer

Recent Drug Approvals and Revisions in Prescribing Information

THE U.S. FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION (FDA) issued the following approvals and prescribing information revisions in August 2018. Lenvatinib Approved for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma THE FDA approved lenvatinib (Lenvima) for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable...

solid tumors
lung cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to LOXO-292 for Treatment of Lung and Thyroid Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to LOXO-292, a selective RET inhibitor, for: the treatment of patients with metastatic RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who require systemic therapy and have had...

Solid Tumors
Lung Cancer

Active Surveillance of Lung Subsolid Nodules May Reduce Unnecessary Surgery and Overtreatment

Subsolid nodules can be considered a biomarker of lung cancer risk and should be managed with long-term active surveillance. Conservative management of subsolid nodules may reduce unnecessary surgery and overtreatment in patients with multiple comorbidities and aggressive lung cancer arising from...

cns cancers
lung cancer

CNS Activity of First-Line Osimertinib in EGFR-Mutant Advanced NSCLC

In a subgroup analysis of the phase III FLAURA trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Reungwetwattana et al found evidence of greater central nervous system (CNS) activity of osimertinib (Tagrisso) vs standard EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors in patients with previously untreated...

lung cancer

Tumor Mutation Burden and Prognosis in Resected NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Devarakonda et al found that high nonsynonymous tumor mutation burden was associated with improved outcomes in patients undergoing resection for non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details The study (Lung Adjuvant Cisplatin...

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