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Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Study Questions Role of Extended Pleurectomy Decortication in Patients With Mesothelioma

Extended pleurectomy decortication combined with chemotherapy was associated with worse survival outcomes, a higher incidence of serious adverse events, and a diminished quality of life in patients with resectable mesothelioma compared with platinum and pemetrexed chemotherapy alone, according to...

Lung Cancer

NSCLC: Osimertinib Plus Chemo vs Osimertinib Alone

Osimertinib plus chemotherapy may have demonstrated a statistically significant and clinically meaningful progression-free survival benefit in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with osimertinib alone, according to new findings presented by Jänne et al at the...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

EGFR Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors vs Durvalumab in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC: Impact on Survival

Researchers have discovered that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors may improve survival outcomes after treatment with chemoradiation in patients with stage III EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared to the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab, according to...

Lung Cancer

Data Analysis of Young-Onset Lung Cancer Reveals Key Differences Compared With the Disease in Older Adults

Lung cancer, both small cell and non–small cell, is the second most common cancer in both men and women in the United States, with about 238,340 new cases diagnosed each year, and the leading cause of cancer-related mortality, accounting for more than 127,000 deaths annually.1 Lung cancer in...

Lung Cancer

Incremental Gains Toward Better Outcomes in Small Cell Lung Cancer

Novel treatments beyond the current chemoimmunotherapies are offering more treatment options in small cell lung cancer (SCLC), though real breakthroughs remain elusive, according to Ticiana Leal, MD, Associate Professor in the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Emory University School...

Lung Cancer

More on Treatments Under Study in NSCLC From ASCO 2023

Two phase III trials presented at the 2023 ASCO Annual Meeting explored treatments under study for patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In an exploratory analysis of the CodeBreaK 200 trial, the KRAS inhibitor sotorasib was compared with docetaxel chemotherapy in subsets of patients...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Wei Wu, MD, PhD, on Lung Cancer: Deep Learning as a Tool for Identifying Drug-Tolerant Persister Cells

Wei Wu, MD, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses new findings that suggest his team’s deep learning neural network model may be able to identify subpopulations of patients with lung cancer who have YAP1-activated tumors and drug-tolerant persister cells. These patients may benefit most from receiving YAP1-targeted small-molecule inhibitors.

Lung Cancer

Study Shows Benefit With Addition of Tumor Treating Fields Therapy in Metastatic Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Tumor treating fields (TTF) therapy in combination with immune checkpoint inhibition improved overall survival in the pretreated, primarily immunotherapy-naive setting in metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to findings from the phase III LUNAR study. These results were...

Lung Cancer

Addition of Nivolumab to Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy in Early-Stage or Isolated Lung Parenchymal Recurrent NSCLC

In a phase II trial (I-SABR) reported in The Lancet, Joe Y. Chang, MD, of the Department of Radiation Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, and colleagues found that the addition of immunotherapy with nivolumab to stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) improved ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase III Trial Reports Chemoimmunotherapy Is Superior to Chemotherapy Alone in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma who were treated with a chemoimmunotherapy regimen containing the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab experienced significantly improved overall survival compared with those treated with chemotherapy alone, with acceptable tolerability, according...

Lung Cancer

Addition of Tumor Treating Fields Therapy to Standard Systemic Therapy in Metastatic NSCLC After Disease Progression

In a phase III trial (LUNAR) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Leal et al evaluated the addition of tumor treating fields therapy to standard systemic therapy in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy. As stated by ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunochemotherapy Triplet in Patients With Advanced Nonsquamous NSCLC and Untreated Brain Metastases

In a Spanish phase II study (Atezo-Brain; GECP17/05) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ernest Nadal, MD, PhD, and colleagues investigated the activity of the combination of atezolizumab with chemotherapy in patients with advanced nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with...

Lung Cancer
Supportive Care

Optimizing Tobacco Cessation Treatment With Lung Cancer Screenings

The Program for Lung Cancer Screening and Tobacco Cessation trial tested different adaptive interventions based on the evidence-based Tobacco Longitudinal Care (TLC) program, in part to learn how best to incorporate TLC into annual lung cancer screening as a smoking cessation standard. The findings ...

Breast Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

How Guideline-Concordant Are Cancer Treatment Recommendations From ChatGPT?

Researchers have found that about one-third of treatment recommendations from the artificial intelligence (AI) model ChatGPT 3.5 were nonconcordant with the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology® (NCCN Guidelines®), according to a recent study published by Chen et al in JAMA Oncology. The...

Lung Cancer

Addition of Neoadjuvant Monoclonal Antibody to Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Resectable NSCLC

In a Chinese phase II trial (TD-FOREKNOW) reported in JAMA Oncology, Lei et al found that the addition of neoadjuvant camrelizumab to platinum-based chemotherapy resulted in a higher pathologic complete response rate among patients with resectable stage IIIA or IIIB (T3N2) non–small cell lung...

Lung Cancer

Rapid Guideline Update Offers Key Evidence-Based Recommendations for Stage III NSCLC Management

A new ASCO guideline rapid update provides updated recommendations for the management of stage III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These updated recommendations made by the ASCO expert panel cover treatment options for patients with resected disease and specific genetic mutations as well as...

Lung Cancer

First-Line Cemiplimab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC: 35-Month Follow-up of EMPOWER-Lung 1

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Özgüroğlu et al, extended follow-up of the phase III EMPOWER-Lung 1 trial has shown continued benefit in overall and progression-free survival with first-line cemiplimab-rwlc vs chemotherapy in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Pembrolizumab/Chemotherapy and Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in Early-Stage NSCLC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Heather Wakelee, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-671 trial showed that the addition of neoadjuvant pembrolizumab to cisplatin-based chemotherapy followed by adjuvant pembrolizumab improved pathologic response and ...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves Pralsetinib for RET Fusion–Positive NSCLC

On August 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to pralsetinib (Gavreto) for adults with metastatic RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), as detected by an FDA-approved test. ARROW Trial Pralsetinib was previously granted accelerated approval for...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Wildfire Exposure and Survival Outcomes After Surgery for NSCLC

Investigators have found that exposure to wildfires within 1 year of surgery may significantly lower the chance of survival in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a recent study published by Zhang et al in JAMA Oncology. Background Lung cancer is the second most common...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Can an AI Model Improve Mortality Risk Prediction Linked to Lung Cancer or Cardiovascular Disease?

A novel artificial intelligence (AI) model may be able to accurately predict the risk of death from lung cancer, cardiovascular disease, and other causes by using data from low-dose computed tomography (CT) scans of the lungs, according to a recent study published by Xu et al in Radiology....

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Nivolumab to SABR in Early-Stage or Isolated Lung Parenchymal Recurrent NSCLC

In the phase II I-SABR trial reported in The Lancet, Chang et al found that the addition of nivolumab to stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) improved event-free survival in patients with previously untreated stage I or II or isolated parenchymal recurrent node-negative non–small cell lung...

Lung Cancer

First-Line Atezolizumab vs Single-Agent Chemotherapy in Patients With Advanced NSCLC Ineligible for Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

In the phase III IPSOS trial reported in The Lancet, Lee et al found that first-line atezolizumab improved overall survival vs single-agent chemotherapy in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who were ineligible for platinum-based chemotherapy. Study Details In the open-label...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Adjuvant Osimertinib in Resected EGFR-Mutant NSCLC: Overall Survival Analysis of the ADAURA Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Masahiro Tsuboi, MD, and colleagues, the planned final overall survival analysis of the phase III ADAURA trial has shown a significant benefit with osimertinib vs placebo in patients with resected EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)....

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Lazertinib vs Gefitinib in the First-Line Treatment of EGFR-Mutated Advanced NSCLC

In a phase III trial (LASER301) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Byoung Chul Cho, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that lazertinib improved progression-free survival vs gefitinib in the first-line treatment of EGFR-mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). As stated by the...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

APOBEC3A Protein May Be Linked to Drug Resistance in Patients With NSCLC

Researchers have uncovered how non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumors may develop drug resistance over time and identified the APOBEC3A protein as a potential target for novel cancer therapeutics, according to a study published by Isozaki et al in Nature. The findings point to potential...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Use of Zipalertinib in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced NSCLC and EGFR Exon 20 Insertions

In a phase I/IIa study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Piotrowska et al found that the EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor zipalertinib showed activity and an acceptable safety profile in previously treated patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and EGFR exon 20...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Pembrolizumab-Based Combination Therapies May Improve Outcomes in Advanced NSCLC

Researchers have revealed that combining pembrolizumab with other treatments may reduce the size of target tumors, resulting in a higher response rate for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a recent study published by Gutierrez et al in Nature Medicine. “We are...

Lung Cancer

Prediction of Lung Cancer Mortality With Blood-Based Biomarker Panel and PLCO Risk Model

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Irajizad et al found that use of a blood-based four-marker protein panel (4MP)—together with the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian (PLCOm2012) lung cancer risk model—was capable of identifying patients at high risk of lung cancer...

Lung Cancer

KEYNOTE-671 Trial: Perioperative Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Outcomes in Stage II and III NSCLC

Neoadjuvant therapy with pembrolizumab plus platinum-based chemotherapy followed by surgery and then adjuvant pembrolizumab led to significantly improved event-free survival in patients with resectable stage II and III non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with platinum-based chemotherapy...

Lung Cancer

Adjuvant Osimertinib Improves Overall Survival in Resectable EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

The phase III ADAURA trial previously found that adjuvant use of osimertinib improved disease-free survival for completely resected EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients with stage IB, II, or IIIA disease.1 The final analysis of ADAURA, which was presented at the 2023 ASCO...

Lung Cancer
CNS Cancers

Intracranial Activity of Adagrasib in Patients With KRAS G12C–Mutated NSCLC and Untreated CNS Metastases

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Negrao et al identified outcomes in the KRYSTAL-1 trial among patients with advanced KRAS G12C–mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had untreated central nervous system (CNS) metastases at baseline and were treated with...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Neoadjuvant Nivolumab to Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Stage III NSCLC

In the Spanish phase II NADIM II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Mariano Provencio, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of nivolumab to platinum-based chemotherapy improved pathologic complete response (pCR) rates among patients with resectable stage IIIA or IIIB...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

TROP-2–Directed Antibody-Drug Conjugate Datopotamab Deruxtecan in Advanced NSCLC

In a phase I study (TROPION-PanTumor01) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shimizu et al described outcomes with the trophoblast cell-surface antigen 2 (TROP-2)-directed antibody-drug conjugate datopotamab deruxtecan at the dose selected for further development in patients with advanced...

Lung Cancer

Surgeon Quality Metrics and Survival After Curative-Intent Surgery for NSCLC

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ray et al found that higher surgeon quality (determined by intermediate outcome metrics) was associated with improved overall survival among patients undergoing curative resection for non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The investigators...

Lung Cancer
CNS Cancers

Adagrasib Shows Activity in Patients With KRAS G12C–Mutated NSCLC and Untreated Brain Metastases

The KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib may be effective at suppressing cancer growth not only within the lungs but also in brain metastases for patients with KRAS G12C–mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a new study published by Negrao et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology....

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Encorafenib and Binimetinib in BRAF V600E–Mutant Metastatic NSCLC

In the phase II PHAROS trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gregory J. Riely, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the combination of encorafenib and binimetinib showed activity in both treatment-naive and previously treated patients with BRAF V600E–mutant metastatic non–small cell...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Alectinib May Be More Effective When Taken With Larger Meals in Some Patients With NSCLC

Researchers have found that when the small molecule kinase inhibitor alectinib was taken in combination with a fuller breakfast or lunch, it resulted in significantly higher drug concentrations than when taken with a low-fat breakfast in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Narjust Florez, MD, and Ferdinandos Skoulidis, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Findings on Sotorasib vs Docetaxel in the CodeBreaK 200 Trial

Narjust Florez, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ferdinandos Skoulidis, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discuss results of a biomarker subgroup analysis, showing that sotorasib demonstrated consistent clinical benefit vs docetaxel in all molecularly defined subgroups of patients with pretreated KRAS G12C–mutated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although no predictive biomarkers were confirmed, novel hypothesis-generating signals were observed (Abstract 9008).

Lung Cancer

Factors Associated With Nonadherence to Lung Cancer Screening Recommendations

In a single-institution retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Lin et al identified factors associated with nonadherence to lung cancer screening recommendations among patients undergoing screening—and found that negative findings on two successive screenings were associated with ...

lung cancer

Rami Manochakian, MD, on NSCLC: Commentary on the ADAURA Trial of Osimertinib

Rami Manochakian, MD, of Mayo Clinic Florida, offers his perspective on the new phase III findings on osimertinib, a third-generation, central nervous system EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which demonstrated an unprecedented overall survival benefit for patients with EGFR-mutated, stage IB–IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) after complete tumor resection, with or without adjuvant chemotherapy (Abstract LBA3).

Lung Cancer

Toripalimab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Event-Free Survival in Resectable Stage III NSCLC

Findings from a phase III, randomized trial highlight the benefit derived from perioperative immunotherapy in patients with early-stage resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to data presented during the ASCO Plenary Series: April 2023 Session.1 Interim analysis of the Neotorch...

lung cancer

Narjust Florez, MD, and Ticiana Leal, MD, on Metastatic NSCLC: Tumor Treating Fields Therapy After Platinum Resistance

Narjust Florez, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ticiana Leal, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, discuss the use of tumor treating fields therapy, in which electric fields disrupt processes critical for cancer cell viability. Already approved by the FDA to treat glioblastoma and mesothelioma, the treatment has extended overall survival in this phase III study of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy, without exacerbating systemic toxicities (Abstract LBA9005).

lung cancer

James Chih-Hsin Yang, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC: Evaluating Pemetrexed and Platinum With or Without Pembrolizumab

James Chih-Hsin Yang, MD, PhD, of the National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University Cancer Center, discusses the latest data from the phase III KEYNOTE-789 study, which evaluated the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed plus platinum chemotherapy (carboplatin or cisplatin) with or without pembrolizumab in the treatment of adults with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor–resistant, EGFR–mutated, metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Abstract LBA9000).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Stopping Immunotherapy After 2 Years vs Continuing Treatment May Yield Similar Survival Outcomes in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

Patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be able to stop receiving immunotherapy at 2 years as long as their cancer hasn’t progressed, according to new findings presented by Sun et al at the 2023 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9101) and simultaneously published in JAMA Oncology. ...

lung cancer

Penelope Bradbury, MBChB, on Pleural Mesothelioma: New Results From the IND227 Trial of Cisplatin and Pemetrexed With or Without Pembrolizumab

Penelope Bradbury, MBChB, of Canada’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings showing that, in patients with treatment-naive unresectable pleural mesothelioma, cisplatin and pemetrexed with pembrolizumab improved median overall survival with acceptable tolerability (Abstract LBA8505).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan W. Riess, MD, on EGFR-Mutated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: What’s Next?

Jonathan W. Riess, MD, of the University of California, Davis Comprehensive Cancer Center, explores the findings of three important clinical trials in lung cancer treatment: whether to incorporate immune checkpoint inhibitors into the treatment of EGFR-mutated lung cancer, the importance of central nervous system activity in EGFR-mutant lung cancer, and new therapies for disease with EGFR exon 20 insertion.

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Narjust Florez, MD, and Heather A. Wakelee, MD, on Early-Stage NSCLC: Phase III Findings From KEYNOTE-671 on Pembrolizumab and Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

Narjust Florez, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Heather A. Wakelee, MD, of Stanford University, Stanford Cancer Institute, discuss new data supporting neoadjuvant pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy followed by surgery and adjuvant pembrolizumab as a promising new treatment option for patients with resectable stage II, IIIA, or IIIB (N2) non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Abstract LBA100).

lung cancer

Nagla Abdel Karim, MD, on Small Cell Lung Cancer: SWOG S1929 Results on Atezolizumab Plus Talazoparib

Nagla Abdel Karim, MD, of the Inova Schar Cancer Institute, University of Virginia, discusses phase II data showing that maintenance atezolizumab plus talazoparib improved progression-free survival in Schlafen-11–selected patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer. This study demonstrated the feasibility of conducting biomarker-selected trials in this disease, paving the way for future evaluation of novel therapies in selected populations (Abstract 8504).

lung cancer

Narjust Florez, MD, and Filippo Gustavo Dall’Olio, MD, on NSCLC: New Findings on Tumor Fraction, Durvalumab, and Survival

Narjust Florez, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Filippo Gustavo Dall’Olio, MD, of Institut Gustave Roussy, discuss circulating tumor DNA tumor fraction, and its link to survival in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with maintenance durvalumab in the UNICANCER SAFIR02-Lung/IFCT1301 trial. Tumor fraction was positive in 16% of patients randomly assigned to receive durvalumab in the study. This population seems to have a limited benefit from maintenance durvalumab after induction chemotherapy (Abstract 2516).

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