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Colorectal Cancer

In Metastatic RAS Wild-Type Left-Sided Colorectal Cancer, Panitumumab Proves Superior to Bevacizumab

The preferred targeted therapy for left-sided RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with standard chemotherapy, is panitumumab, not bevacizumab, based on a head-to-head comparison in the phase III PARADIGM trial. Panitumumab plus chemotherapy yielded the longest overall survival ever reported in a prospective phase III trial in first-line metastatic colorectal cancer. Takayuki Yoshino, MD, PhD, of the National Cancer Center Hospital East, Chiba, Japan, presented the data at the Plenary Session of the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting.1

 

Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Warns About Possible Increased Risk of Death and Serious Side Effects With Duvelisib

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is warning that results from the phase III DUO clinical trial show a possible increased risk of death with duvelisib compared to ofatumumab among patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). The trial also found duvelisib was associated with a higher risk of serious side effects, including infections, diarrhea, inflammation of the intestines and lungs, skin reactions, and high liver enzyme levels in the blood.

Multiple Myeloma

Association of CTC Levels With Outcomes in Transplant-Eligible Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bertamini et al found that higher levels of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) at diagnosis were associated with poorer progression-free and overall survival in transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. The prognostic association was attenuated by the achievement of measurable residual disease (MRD)-negative status.

 


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Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Screening Study to Identify Risk Factors for Breast Cancer–Related Lymphedema

In a prospective single-institution study reported in JAMA Oncology, Giacomo Montagna, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that the risk for breast cancer–related lymphedema after axillary lymph node dissection was increased in Black and Hispanic patients, those who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and those with a longer interval between surgery and last follow-up.

 

 

COVID-19

ASCO Coronavirus Resources

As the coronavirus (COVID-19) continues to spread, ASCO is committed to providing the most current information and resources to its members and the larger oncology...

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Breast Cancer

Geoffrey J. Lindeman, MBBS, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Venetoclax and Fulvestrant in ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Disease

Colorectal Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in European Countries

In a European population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cardoso et al found that colorectal cancer incidence and mortality declined more in European countries with long-standing colonoscopy or fecal test screening programs since the year 2000 compared to countries with more recently...

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Impact of Genes on Total Number and Type of Nevi

A study by Duffy et al in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology reported on specific gene variations affecting the number and types of moles on the body and their role in causing skin cancer.  “The goal was to investigate the genetic underpinnings of different mole classes, or...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Richard S. Finn, MD, on Treating Hepatocellular Carcinoma With Atezolizumab, Bevacizumab, and Sorafenib

Breast Cancer

Adjuvant Platinum vs Capecitabine in Patients With Basal Subtype Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Residual Disease After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology and during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ECOG-ACRIN EA1131 trial investigated the use of adjuvant platinum vs capecitabine in patients with basal subtype triple-negative breast cancer and residual...

Survivorship

Study Examines Barriers to Survivorship Care

Even among a large group of cancer survivors who were mostly insured, college-educated, and had annual incomes above the national average, up to 10% delayed care in the previous 12 months because they simply could not afford out-of-pocket expenses like copays and deductibles. These findings were...

Gemcitabine/Eribulin in Cisplatin-Ineligible Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In the final analysis from a phase II California Cancer Consortium trial (NCI-9653) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sadeghi et al found the combination of gemcitabine and eribulin showed activity in cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Study Details...

Issues in Oncology

Matthew G. Vander Heiden, MD, PhD, and Karen H. Vousden, PhD: A Conversation About the Role of Diet in Cancer

Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Allogeneic HCT Based on Donor Availability in Older Patients With Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nakamura et al found that use of reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in older patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with an available matched donor improved overall survival vs...

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Deintensified Chemoradiotherapy for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chera et al found that deintensified chemoradiotherapy produced favorable outcomes in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 114 patients were recruited...