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Breast Cancer

Novel Antibody-Drug Conjugate Extends Survival vs Chemotherapy in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab tirumotecan extended overall survival as well as progression-free survival vs chemotherapy in patients with previously treated triple-negative breast cancer, according to the results of OptiTROP-Breast01, a phase III study presented at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting.

Lung Cancer

Second-Line Therapy With Adagrasib in KRAS G12C–Mutated Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

Second-line therapy with the KRAS inhibitor adagrasib modestly improved progression-free survival and objective response rate over docetaxel in previously treated patients with advanced KRAS G12C–mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the primary analysis of the phase III KRYSTAL-12 trial, presented at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting. Results also showed more than a doubling of intracranial response among the adagrasib-treated patients compared with those given the standard-of-care docetaxel.

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

RELATIVITY-048: Triplet Immunotherapy Shows Activity in Untreated Advanced Melanoma

As a first-line treatment of advanced melanoma, the triplet immunotherapy regimen of nivolumab, relatlimab-rmbw, and ipilimumab produced high response rates and promising progression-free and overall survival in the nonrandomized phase I/II RELATIVITY-048 trial, as reported by Paolo Antonio Ascierto, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori IRCCS in Naples, Italy, at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting.


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Prostate Cancer

MAST Trial: Metformin Does Not Slow Disease Progression of Low-Risk Prostate Cancer

The hypoglycemic agent metformin failed to slow disease progression in men with low-risk localized prostate cancer undergoing active surveillance, according to the results of the randomized, controlled MAST trial reported at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting. In addition, the use of metformin was associated with increased gastrointestinal side effects and fatigue.

 

 

Supportive Care
Survivorship

Breaking the Silence: Addressing Sexual and Reproductive Health in Cancer Care

For patients with cancer and cancer survivors, sexual dysfunction and reproductive health concerns are often the elephant in the exam room—a significant quality-of-life issue that both patients and clinicians struggle to discuss openly and effectively. At the recent NCCN Policy Summit on Sexual and Reproductive Health in Cancer Care, a panel of experts discussed the current state of sexual and reproductive health care in oncology, identifying key barriers and challenges to open and effective communication while proposing strategies for improved care delivery.

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Hematologic Malignancies

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Breast Cancer

Capivasertib With Fulvestrant for Previously Treated Advanced Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

On November 16, 2023, capivasertib (Truqap) was approved for use with fulvestrant for patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer with one or more PIK3CA/AKT1/PTEN alterations, following disease progression on at least one endocrine-based...

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Response-Adapted Radiation Therapy for Orbital Indolent B-Cell Lymphoma

In a single-institution phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Pinnix et al found that response-adapted radiation therapy featuring ultra–low-dose radiation therapy was a successful strategy in patients with indolent B-cell lymphoma of the ocular adnexa. As stated by the investigators:...

Paolo Corradini, MD, on PMBCL and DLBCL: Comparing Outcomes With Axicabtagene Ciloleucel

Supportive Care
Issues in Oncology

Breaking the Silence: Addressing Sexual and Reproductive Health in Cancer Care

For patients with cancer and cancer survivors, sexual dysfunction and reproductive health concerns are often the elephant in the exam room—a significant quality-of-life issue that both patients and clinicians struggle to discuss openly and effectively. At the recent NCCN Policy Summit on Sexual and ...

Leukemia

Having Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Took Away My Fear of Death

On May 30, 2017, 9 days before I turned 19 and soon after I had completed my sophomore year at college, I was diagnosed with aggressive acute lymphoblastic leukemia. But getting to the diagnosis was a tortuous process. I had been feeling fatigued and losing weight for several weeks prior to the...

New Genetic Test May Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The search for biomarkers of response to immunotherapy is high on the list of cancer-related research efforts. A new classifier in triple-negative breast cancer is showing promise and is currently being validated in the I-SPY2.2 trial, according to Laura van ’t Veer, PhD, Professor of Laboratory...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Nigel Russell, MD, on Acute Myeloid Leukemia: New Findings on FLAG-Ida and Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin

Hematologic Malignancies
Supportive Care

Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease: Clinical Trial Updates

Chronic graft-vs-host disease, an immune-mediated disorder that follows allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT), is characterized by debilitating tissue injury with inflammatory and fibrotic pathology leading to significant morbidity and mortality. Historically, the treatment of...

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Testosterone Therapy May Protect Against Breast Cancer in Transmasculine Patients

Gender-affirming testosterone therapy may have a potential protective benefit in transmasculine patients at risk of breast cancer, according to a recent study published by Heng et al in Breast Cancer Research. Background To treat their gender dysphoria, some transmasculine patients undergo...

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