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Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Intervention to Promote Breast Cancer Surveillance in Childhood Cancer Survivors Who Received Chest Radiotherapy

In the EMPOWER trial, which took place within the larger Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) and was reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Oeffinger et al found that an intervention consisting of mailed educational materials followed by telephone-delivered counseling led to an increased use of screening mammography among survivors who had received chest radiotherapy for childhood cancer. The use of screening magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was not increased.

Leukemia

Substitution of Clofarabine for Anthracycline/Etoposide in Induction Therapy for Pediatric Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In the phase III AML08 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rubnitz et al found that the use of clofarabine instead of an anthracycline and etoposide in the first course of induction therapy may be a feasible strategy in pediatric patients with acute myeloid leukemia.

Colorectal Cancer
Pain Management

ESMO World GI: Findings From the BEACON CRC Trial and More

In this episode of The ASCO Post Podcast, we discuss two studies on colorectal cancer that were presented at the ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer...


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Issues in Oncology

An ASCO Survey, Hope, and Conventional Therapies

How do you respond when patients with a good prognosis want to delay chemotherapy to try an anticancer diet for a few months or visit an unregulated clinic for unproven therapies? I’m asking because of an alarming finding of ASCO’s 2018 National Cancer Opinion Survey: “Nearly 4 in 10 Americans believe cancer can be cured solely through alternative therapies….” Clearly, we have a problem in today’s discussion about cancer treatments. What can clinicians do?

Multiple Myeloma

How Immunologic Dysregulation in the Multiple Myeloma Microenvironment May Affect Response to CAR T-Cell Therapy

Despite an avalanche of novel therapies approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) over the past decade in the treatment of multiple myeloma, including proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs, this blood cancer remains largely incurable, and nearly 13,000 people are expected to die from the disease in 2019. Now, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, which has been shown to induce durable remissions and even cures in some patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and certain types of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, may be the next breakthrough in the treatment of multiple myeloma, especially for patients with highly refractory disease.

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More Top Stories

Prostate Cancer

Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, and Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: ENZAMET Trial on Enzalutamide for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Disease

Your Stories: Kindred Spirits

It only takes one discovery to change the course of a rare disease. “Kindred Spirits” is a conversation from the Your Stories series between Breelyn Wilky, MD, and a patient with sarcoma whose life she helped save during a recent clinical trial. Developed by Conquer Cancer®, the ASCO Foundation,...

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Subtypes of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors and Effect on Disease Recurrence

Researchers have discovered two distinct subtypes of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (pNETs) associated with different risks of recurrence following surgical treatment. The finding could yield predictive tests while focusing vigilant follow-up monitoring on patients with pNETs that have a higher...

Issues in Oncology
Health-Care Policy

Amy J. Davidoff, PhD, on Racial Disparities in Time to Cancer Treatment: The Effect of Medicaid Expansion

Colorectal Cancer

IDEA Collaboration Turns to Duration of Adjuvant Treatment in Stage II Colon Cancer

The findings of the landmark IDEA trial in stage III colorectal cancer, presented at the 2017 ASCO Annual Meeting and subsequently published in The New England Journal of Medicine,1 were upheld by a subsequent analysis by the same group, the International Duration Evaluation of Adjuvant...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

SOPHIA Trial Tests Margetuximab in Heavily Pretreated Patients With HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In the phase III SOPHIA trial of 536 heavily pretreated patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, the novel anti-HER2 antibody margetuximab plus chemotherapy led to significant improvements in progression-free survival, response, and clinical benefit compared with...

Anesthesia Exposure and Neurocognitive and Neuroimaging Outcomes in Long-Term Survivors of Childhood ALL

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Banerjee et al found that higher cumulative anesthesia exposure and duration of exposure during treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may be associated with adverse neurocognitive and abnormal neuroimaging outcomes in long-term survivors....

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Solid Tumors

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Ian D. Davis, MBBS, PhD, on ANZUP: Taking a Multidisciplinary Approach to Prostate, Kidney, Bladder, Testicular, and Penile Cancers

Multiple Myeloma

Effect of Bortezomib/Dexamethasone Plus Pomalidomide on Progression-Free Survival in Multiple Myeloma Pretreated With Lenalidomide

In the phase III OPTIMISMM trial, reported by Paul G. Richardson, MD, and colleagues in The Lancet Oncology, researchers found that the addition of pomalidomide to bortezomib/dexamethasone improved progression-free survival in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma previously treated with...

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Is There an Increased Long-Term Risk for Ovarian Cancer After Assisted Reproductive Technology?

Fertility treatment is not associated with an increased long-term risk of ovarian cancer, according to the results of a large-scale multicenter study presented by Spaan et al at the 35th Annual Meeting of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (Abstract O-183). The findings,...