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Gynecologic Cancers

SOLO1 5-Year Follow-up: Maintenance Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Almost half of patients who received the PARP inhibitor olaparib for newly diagnosed BRCA-mutated advanced ovarian cancer remained disease-free after 5 years, according to data presented by Susana Banerjee, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues during the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 811MO). Patients...

Gynecologic Cancers

World Gynecologic Oncology Awareness Day (World GO Day): September 20

Patient advocates and medical professionals in more than 20 countries have come together for the second annual World Gynecologic Oncology Day (World GO Day), taking place today, September 20. A project of the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO) and the European Network of...

gynecologic cancers

Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, on Endometrial Cancer: Palbociclib Plus Letrozole in ER-Positive Disease

Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, of Copenhagen University Hospital, discusses phase II study results that showed the combination of palbociclib and letrozole, compared with placebo plus letrozole, improved progression-free survival in patients with estrogen receptor–positive advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer (Abstract LBA28).

Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of ATR Inhibitor Berzosertib to Gemcitabine Improves Progression-Free Survival in Recurrent Platinum-Resistant High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Panagiotis A. Konstantinopoulos, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and colleagues, a U.S. Experimental Therapeutics Clinical Trials Network phase II trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the addition of the ATR (ataxia...

Global Cancer Care
Gynecologic Cancers

Simple Rapid Vinegar Screening Test Cuts Cervical Cancer Death Rates by One-Third in Rural India

In 2013, at the ASCO Annual Meeting Plenary Session, it was both surprising and encouraging in the era of personalized medicine for cancer care to hear about a simple low-tech intervention delivered by women in the community that cut the rate of death from cervical cancer in India by about...

Gynecologic Cancers

Quality-Adjusted Progression-Free Survival and Time Without Symptoms or Toxicity in the ARIEL3 Trial of Rucaparib Maintenance Therapy for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In an exploratory post hoc analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Amit M. Oza, MD, and colleagues found superior quality-adjusted progression-free survival (QA-PFS) and quality-adjusted time without symptoms or toxicity (Q-TWiST) in patients with platinum-sensitive, recurrent...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: TROPHIMMUN Trial

Two gynecologic oncologists and ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, commented on the findings of the TROPHIMMUN trial for The ASCO Post. “The authors demonstrate efficacy of a new treatment approach for gestational trophoblastic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

TROPHIMMUN Trial Finds Avelumab Effective in Rare Gynecologic Tumor Resistant to Chemotherapy

The first trial of immunotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumors proved effective in almost 50% of patients resistant to single-agent chemotherapy, French investigators reported in an abstract presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1 The results of the phase II TROPHIMMUN trial ...

Gynecologic Cancers

American Cancer Society Updates Guideline for Cervical Cancer Screening

An updated cervical cancer screening guideline from the American Cancer Society has called for less—and more simplified—screening. The guideline was published by Elizabeth T.H. Fontham, MPH, DrPH, of Louisiana State University School of Public Health, New Orleans, and colleagues in CA: A Cancer...

Gynecologic Cancers

Higher Risk of Disease Recurrence and Death With Minimally Invasive vs Open Surgery for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

Women with early-stage cervical cancer treated with minimally invasive radical hysterectomy had a 71% increased risk of recurrence and a 56% increased risk of death compared with those treated with open radical hysterectomy, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of 15 studies involving ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Endometrial Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Vicky Makker, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues, findings from a phase Ib/II trial indicate that the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab is active in patients with previously treated advanced...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Addition of Trastuzumab to Carboplatin/Paclitaxel for Advanced or Recurrent HER2-Positive Uterine Serous Carcinoma

Combining the HER2-targeted therapy trastuzumab with carboplatin and paclitaxel improved survival rates for women with a rare, aggressive type of endometrial cancer, according to findings published by Amanda N. Fader, MD, of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, and colleagues in Clinical...

Gynecologic Cancers

LACC Trial: Quality of Life With Open vs Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy for Patients With Cervical Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Michael Frumovitz, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, and colleagues, there were no significant differences in quality of life, a secondary endpoint, for women undergoing open vs minimally invasive radical hysterectomy for...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

PORTEC-3: Effect of Molecular Classification of Endometrial Cancer on Outcomes With Adjuvant Therapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Alicia Léon-Castillo, MD, of Leiden University Medical Center, the Netherlands, and colleagues identified outcomes associated with molecular subgroups of patients with high-risk endometrial cancer enrolled in the PORTEC-3 trial of adjuvant...

Gynecologic Cancers
COVID-19

Gynecologic Oncologist Describes Practice in the Era of COVID-19

The ASCO Post spoke with Alexander Melamed, MD, MPH, a gynecologic oncologist and Assistant Professor of Obstetrics & Gynecology at NewYork-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center, New York, at the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in New York. New York state has had more coronavirus cases ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Shannon N. Westin, MD, MPH, FACOG

Discussant of the abstract on the WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib, Shannon N. Westin, MD, MPH, FACOG, Associate Professor and clinical investigator at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, called the interaction between p53 and WEE1 an “opportunity for synthetic lethality.” She continued:...

Gynecologic Cancers

SGO 2020: WEE1 Inhibitor Shows Activity in Recurrent Uterine Serous Carcinoma

Monotherapy with the experimental WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib has shown activity in patients with advanced recurrent or metastatic uterine serous carcinoma,1 according to data presented during the 2020 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer Webinar Series. The initial ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Nicoletta Colombo, MD

The invited discussant of the two trials in cervical and endometrial cancers presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 was Nicoletta ­Colombo, MD, of the University of Milan-Bicocca in Italy, who commented on what she called “exciting results in cancers with unmet needs.” Dr. Colombo noted: “The studies...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Immunotherapy in Cervical and Endometrial Cancers

In studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019, immunotherapy yielded encouraging outcomes in two gynecologic cancer populations in need of new treatments, including patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for advanced endometrial cancer....

Gynecologic Cancers

SGO 2020: Updated Analysis of VELIA Trial Shows Antitumor Activity in Ovarian Cancer, but Is It Enough?

An updated analysis of the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial, presented during the 2020 Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer Webinar Series,1 suggested synergy between the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor veliparib and platinum chemotherapy in the...

Gynecologic Cancers

ASCO20: Cediranib Plus Olaparib vs Standard-of-Care Chemotherapy for Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

Results of the NRG Oncology phase III clinical trial NRG-GY004 indicated that the addition of the investigational agent cediranib to olaparib and standard platinum-based chemotherapy did not improve progression-free survival outcomes for women with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer; however,...

Gynecologic Cancers

Effect of Statins on Survival in Ovarian Cancer

Lipophilic statin use was associated with reduced mortality in women with epithelial ovarian cancer and all subtypes in a large observational study compared with never users. These findings were presented at the 2020 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Virtual Annual Meeting II. Lead...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-100: In Women With Advanced Ovarian Cancer, Pembrolizumab Yields Modest Antitumor Efficacy

the final results of the phase II KEYNOTE-100 study of pembrolizumab in women with advanced and recurrent ovarian cancer showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced modest clinical activity. Ursula Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, reported the data at the...

Gynecologic Cancers

ASCO20: Final Overall Survival Analysis From SOLO2 in Ovarian Cancer

For the first time, overall survival has been improved with maintenance therapy involving a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer associated with BRCA1/2 mutations. In the final, preplanned, overall survival analysis in the...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Robert L. Coleman, MD

Discussant of the DESKTOP III and SOC1 trials, Robert L. Coleman, MD, of U.S. Oncology Research in Woodlands, Texas, congratulated the authors of both trials. He put these results in perspective with the GOG-0213 study, which did not show a survival benefit for secondary surgery. “There are general ...

Gynecologic Cancers

ASCO20: Secondary Surgery May Extend Survival in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Two phase III trials provided support for secondary cytoreductive surgery in women with recurrent ovarian cancer, with the caveats that patient selection is key and the surgery should be performed at sites of excellence. The results of the DESKTOP III and SOC1 trials, both presented during the...

Gynecologic Cancers

ESMO 2019: Veliparib Plus First-Line Chemotherapy and as Maintenance Therapy in High-Grade Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial—reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 20191 and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine2—Robert L. Coleman, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, and colleagues found that the ...

Gynecologic Cancers

ESMO 2019: PRIMA Trial Reports Benefit With Niraparib Across Ovarian Cancer Subsets

In women with advanced ovarian cancer responding to first-line chemotherapy, maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor niraparib significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 38% overall and by 60% in women with BRCA mutations. Even patients without a...

Gynecologic Cancers

Novel Drug Approvals and New Indications for Gynecologic Cancers

A number of new drugs and novel indications were added to the treatment armamentarium for gynecologic cancers over the past year. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals are noted here. Olaparib, PARP Inhibitor On May 8, 2020, the FDA expanded the indication of olaparib (Lynparza) to...

Gynecologic Cancers

SGO 2020: Updated Data From PRIMA Trial: Niraparib as First-Line Maintenance Therapy for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Making sense of maintenance therapy in advanced ovarian cancer has been a tall order since the publication of impressive data for not one but three poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2019 Congress.1 The picture became a little clearer...

Gynecologic Cancers

Clinical Perspective on PAOLA-1: Maintenance Therapy for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Based on multiple phase III prospective trials, there is evidence that both poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors and antiangiogenic therapies such as bevacizumab provide benefit when utilized in a maintenance strategy in the first-line treatment of advanced epithelial ovarian cancer (GOG...

Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of Olaparib to Bevacizumab Maintenance in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: PAOLA-1 Trial

As reported inThe New England Journal of Medicine by Isabelle Ray-Coquard, MD, PhD, of the Céntre Léon Berard, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 and Groupe d’Investigateurs Nationaux pour l’Etude des Cancers Ovariens (GINECO), Paris, and colleagues, the phase III PAOLA-1 trial has shown a...

Gynecologic Cancers

Gynecologic Oncology Highlights 2019–2020 Almanac

Ovarian cancer is associated with the highest risk of mortality among the five most common gynecologic cancers (cervical, ovarian, uterine [endometrial], vaginal, and vulvar) in the United States; in 2020 in the United States, ovarian cancer will be diagnosed in an estimated 21,750 women, and...

Gynecologic Cancers

Does Binimetinib Improve Progression-Free Survival in Recurrent or Persistent Low-Grade Serous Ovarian Carcinomas?

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Bradley J. Monk, MD, and colleagues, the phase III MEK Inhibitor in Low-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer (MILO)/ARRAY-162-311/ENGOT-ov11 trial showed that the MEK1/2 inhibitor binimetinib did not improve progression-free survival vs physician’s choice...

Gynecologic Cancers

Risk‐Reducing Early Salpingectomy and Delayed Oophorectomy Among Premenopausal Women

A study published by Gaba et al in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology has found that risk‐reducing early salpingectomy and delayed oophorectomy is highly acceptable among premenopausal women at increased risk for developing ovarian cancer—particularly among patients...

Gynecologic Cancers

Genomic Analysis of Cervical Cancer in Ugandan Patients

Nineteen of the 20 nations with the highest cervical cancer death rates are in sub-Saharan Africa. Now an international team has published the first comprehensive genomic study of cervical cancers in sub-Saharan Africa, with a focus on tumors from 212 Ugandan patients with cervical cancer. Their...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Gynecologic Cancers
Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Approval for First Liquid Biopsy Next-Generation Sequencing Companion Diagnostic; Designations in Ovarian Cancer, Leukemia, and Lymphoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first liquid biopsy companion diagnostic that also uses next-generation sequencing technology to identify patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and specific types of EGFR mutations. The FDA also granted Fast Track...

Gynecologic Cancers

Progression-Free Survival Subgroup Analysis of Olaparib Maintenance Therapy in Advanced BRCA-Mutated Ovarian Cancer

In an analysis from the SOLO-1 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, DiSilvestro et al found that olaparib vs placebo maintenance therapy after first-line platinum-based therapy in patients with advanced BRCA-mutated ovarian cancer significantly improved progression-free survival in...

gynecologic cancers

Kala Visvanathan, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: Lowering Mortality With Lipophilic Statins

Kala Visvanathan, MD, of Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, discusses her analysis of data from more than 10,000 women with ovarian cancer. The results suggest that atorvastatin and simvastatin, lipophilic statin cholesterol-lowering drugs, reduced ovarian cancer death rates (Abstract 5782).

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

UICC Applauds WHO Global Strategy on Eliminating Cervical Cancer as a Public Health Problem

The Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) lauded the adoption of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) global strategy toward eliminating cervical cancer as a public health problem. WHO Member States adopted the strategy alongside other health resolutions as part of the silence procedure...

Gynecologic Cancers

Effect of Molecular Classification of Endometrial Cancer on Adjuvant Therapy Outcomes

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Léon-Castillo et al identified outcomes associated with molecular subgroups of patients with high-risk endometrial cancer enrolled in the PORTEC-3 trial of adjuvant chemoradiotherapy vs radiotherapy alone. Study Details The study involved...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Avelumab for Patients With Gestational Trophoblastic Tumors Resistant to Single-Agent Chemotherapy

In the French phase II TROPHIMMUN trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Benoit You, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that avelumab normalized human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels in approximately half of women with gestational trophoblastic tumors resistant to single-agent...

Gynecologic Cancers

American Cancer Society Updates Guideline for Cervical Cancer Screening

An updated cervical cancer screening guideline from the American Cancer Society released today has called for less—and more simplified—screening. The guideline was published by Fontham et al in CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians. The updated guideline recommends that individuals with a cervix...

Gynecologic Cancers

Statin Use Linked to Improvement in Survival in Ovarian Cancer

Lipophilic statin use was associated with a reduced risk of dying of epithelial ovarian cancer in a large observational study. Compared with never users, women with epithelial ovarian cancer who were taking any type of statins had a reduced mortality of 40%, and those taking lipophilic statins had...

Gynecologic Cancers

LACC Trial: Quality of Life With Open vs Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy for Patients With Cervical Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Frumovitz et al, there were no significant differences in quality of life, a secondary endpoint, for women undergoing open vs minimally invasive radical hysterectomy for cervical cancer in the phase III LACC trial. There were, however, differences in...

Gynecologic Cancers

Quality of Life With Timing of Platinum-Based Regimens in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Ovarian Cancer

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Blagden et al found lower mean global quality-of-life scores on longitudinal analysis among women with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer who received weekly vs every-3-week paclitaxel in platinum-based regimens in the ICON8 trial. The ICON8 trial showed no...

Gynecologic Cancers

Higher Risk of Disease Recurrence and Death With Minimally Invasive vs Open Surgery for Early-Stage Cervical Cancer

Women with early-stage cervical cancer treated with minimally invasive radical hysterectomy had a 71% increased risk of recurrence and a 56% increased risk of death compared with those treated with open radical hysterectomy, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of 15 studies involving ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Addition of Trastuzumab to Carboplatin/Paclitaxel for Advanced or Recurrent HER2-Positive Uterine Serous Carcinoma

Combining the HER2-targeted therapy trastuzumab with carboplatin and paclitaxel improved survival rates for women with a rare, aggressive type of endometrial cancer, according to findings published by Fader et al in Clinical Cancer Research. Each year, more than 65,650 women in the United States...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Robert L. Coleman, MD

Discussant of the DESKTOP III and SOC1 trials, Robert L. Coleman, MD, of U.S. Oncology Research in Woodlands, Texas, congratulated the authors of both trials. He put these results in perspective with the GOG-0213 study, which did not show a survival benefit for secondary surgery. “There are general ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Two Studies Report Secondary Surgery Extends Survival in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Two phase III trials provide support for secondary cytoreductive surgery in women with recurrent ovarian cancer, with the caveats that patient selection is key and the surgery should be performed at sites of excellence. The results of the DESKTOP III and SOC1 trials, both presented during the...

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