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Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Carol Aghajanian, MD

“The phase III ENGOT/GCIG study1 proved to be negative, with no advantage seen with the extension of bevacizumab treatment,” said the abstract’s invited discussant, Carol Aghajanian, MD, Chief of the Medical Gynecologic Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. Dr....

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Bevacizumab in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Phase III Trial Finds More Is Not Better

In advanced ovarian cancer, the duration of maintenance bevacizumab should remain 15 months, according to the European multicenter phase III ENGOT/GCIG trial. These results were presented during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Jacobus Pfisterer, MD, PhD, of the AGO Study Group and Gynecologic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Pembrolizumab/Lenvatinib for Advanced Endometrial Carcinoma

On July 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with lenvatinib (Lenvima) for patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is not microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) who have disease progression...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Transvaginal Ultrasound Screening Misses More Cases of Endometrial Cancer in Black Women vs White Women

A screening tool used to evaluate the need for endometrial cancer biopsies in women frequently misses the signs of this cancer in Black women, according to a new study published by Kemi M. Doll, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology. Dr. Doll, a gynecologic oncologist at the University of Washington...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

New Recommendations From WHO and HRP for the Screening and Treatment of Cervical Cancer

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Human Reproduction Programme (HRP)—the main instrument within the United Nations system for research in human reproduction—have launched a new guideline to help countries make faster progress, more equitably, in the screening and treatment of cervical...

Gynecologic Cancers

Predicting Chemotherapy Resistance in Patients With Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

In a retrospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Braga et al identified metastatic disease, choriocarcinoma histology, and higher pretreatment human chorionic gonadotropin concentration as independent predictors of resistance to single-agent chemotherapy in women with low-risk...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers

Association Between Increased BMI and Endometrial Cancer Risk in Asian Women With Postmenopausal Bleeding

The link between obesity and the risk of endometrial cancer has been well documented. A recent study, however, showed that an even lower body mass index (BMI) than previously thought may be associated with an increased risk in Asian women with postmenopausal bleeding. The findings by Liu et al were ...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

Study Examines Impact of COVID-19 on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Programs

The total number of cancer screening tests received by women through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (Early Detection Program) declined by 87% for breast cancer and 84% for cervical cancer during April 2020 as...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers

Survey Finds Bullying, Sexual Harassment Not Uncommon for Women in Gynecologic Oncology

Female gynecologic oncologists have reported in a survey that having a department chair of the same gender is no buffer against gender harassment or discrimination in the workplace. The information comes from a survey of the “Women of Gynecologic Oncology” Facebook group and was reported in March...

Gynecologic Cancers

OUTBACK: No Benefit for Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Cervical Cancer

In women with locally advanced cervical cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy adds no benefit to standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation, results of the international phase III OUTBACK study have shown,1 as reported at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Linda R. Mileshkin, MD, Professor of Medical Oncology at ...

Multiple Myeloma
Hematologic Malignancies
Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Multiple Myeloma, Cervical Cancer, Neutropenia, and Myelofibrosis

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review to therapies for multiple myeloma, cervical cancer, chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, and myelofibrosis. The FDA also granted a number of Breakthrough Therapy designations, including those for treatments in ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Avelumab With or Without Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin in Platinum-Resistant/Refractory Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Eric Pujade-Lauraine, MD, and colleagues, the phase III JAVELIN Ovarian 200 trial showed no significant improvement in progression-free or overall survival with avelumab alone or in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) vs PLD alone in patients ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics
Global Cancer Care

Prevalence of Germline BRCA Mutations in Women With Ovarian Cancer in India

In a prospective cross-sectional study reported in JCO Global Oncology, Gupta et al found that women with ovarian cancer in India had a high prevalence of pathogenic or likely pathogenic BRCA variants. As stated by the investigators: “There are deficient data on prevalence of germline mutations in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Cost of Care

Nearly Half of Surveyed Patients With Gynecologic Cancer Report Experiencing Financial Toxicity

In a new study designed to provide a more comprehensive picture of how a diverse cohort of patients with gynecologic cancer are affected by financial distress, nearly half reported financial toxicity, which was associated with economic cost-coping strategies. These findings were reported by Esselen ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Computational Tool Suggests Optimal Treatment for Patients With High-Grade Ovarian Cancer

A mathematical tool may help to examine how doctors may coordinate available treatments for high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Published by Gu et al in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the new analysis showed that patients who can have complete debulking surgery first, with...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD

The invited discussant of EMPOWER-Cervical 1 was Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and Chairman of the European Network of Gynaecological Oncology Trials group (ENGOT). Dr. Mirza called the findings “amazing” and predicted they will “usher in a new era” in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy With Cemiplimab-rwlc Yields Survival Benefit in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The PD-L1 inhibitor cemiplimab-rwlc has become the first immunotherapy to yield a statistically significant and clinically meaningful survival benefit in recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer progressing after first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients were enrolled irrespective of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Thomas Herzog, MD

Discussant of the abstract on this novel algorithm, Thomas Herzog, MD, Deputy Director of the University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute and Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the UC College of Medicine, called the use of risk-based factors in complex ovarian cancer surgery to successfully...

Gynecologic Cancers

Could Risk-Based Triage System Alter Surgical Practice in Ovarian Cancer?

A simple, risk-assessment algorithm may change practice when it comes to selecting patients with advanced ovarian who can tolerate complex primary debulking surgery, according to data presented during the virtual edition of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Annual Meeting on Women’s...

Gynecologic Cancers

Tisotumab Vedotin in Recurrent or Metastatic Cervical Cancer

In a phase II study (innovaTV 204/GOG-3023/ENGOT-cx6) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Robert L. Coleman, MD, and colleagues found that the antibody-drug conjugate tisotumab vedotin produced durable responses in previously treated patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. In the...

Gynecologic Cancers

OUTBACK Trial: No Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Standard Chemoradiation for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in Eastern, Western, Middle, and Southern Africa. Globally, in 2018, approximately 570,000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer, and 311,000 women died. In the United...

Gynecologic Cancers
Pancreatic Cancer

Electronic Olfaction System Under Study as Screening Tool for Pancreatic and Ovarian Cancers

An odor-based test that detects vapors emanating from blood samples was able to distinguish between benign and pancreatic and ovarian cancer cells with up to 95% accuracy, according to a new study presented by Johnson et al during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5544). The findings suggest...

gynecologic cancers

Linda R. Mileshkin, MBBS, MD, on Cervical Cancer: Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Chemoradiation

Linda R. Mileshkin, MBBS, MD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings from the OUTBACK trial, which showed that adjuvant chemotherapy given after standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation for women with locally advanced cervical cancer did not improve either overall or progression-free survival (Abstract LBA3).

Gynecologic Cancers

HIPEC With Carboplatin for Platinum-Sensitive Recurrent Ovarian Cancer: Safety and Outcomes

In an MSK Team Ovary–led phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zivanovic et al found that use of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with carboplatin during secondary cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy did not improve 24-month progression-free survival in...

Gynecologic Cancers

Frailty Can Be a Serious Issue in Ovarian Cancer

Frailty is a better predictor than age of poor outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer, according to studies reported at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Virtual Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer. Researchers found that frail patients are less likely to undergo surgery, have more...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Thomas Herzog, MD

The discussant of the fuzuloparib abstract at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology meeting was Thomas Herzog, MD, Deputy Director of the University of Cincinnati (UC) Cancer Center and Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the UC College of Medicine. He said that these data have already led to...

Gynecologic Cancers

Fuzuloparib Maintenance Therapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Patients With Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

A new poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor could soon be joining an already crowded treatment landscape in ovarian cancer, according to data presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer, which was held virtually.1  Results of the phase III...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers
Head and Neck Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

With the Exception of Cervical Cancer, HPV-Related Cancers Are on the Rise, Especially in Older Adults

Although the incidence of cervical cancer has decreased by 1.03% a year over the last 16 years—likely due to screening or human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination—other HPV-related cancers are increasing in both men and women, according to a study by Liao et al presented at a presscast in advance of...

Gynecologic Cancers

UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening: Long-Term Follow-up

As reported in The Lancet by Menon et al, long-term follow-up in the UK Collaborative Trial of Ovarian Cancer Screening (UKCTOCS) showed that reductions in the diagnosis of stage III or IV ovarian cancer with annual multimodal screening compared with no screening did not translate into a mortality...

Gynecologic Cancers

Effect of Publication of the LACC Trial on Use of Minimally Invasive Surgery for Cervical Cancer

The Laparoscopic Approach to Cervical Cancer (LACC) trial, reported in November 2018, showed poorer disease-free and overall survival with minimally invasive vs open radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer. In a study recently reported in a letter in The New England Journal of...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

ACMG Clinical Practice Resource Provides New Guidance for Management of Individuals With PALB2 Gene Variants

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) has released a clinical practice resource from a global team of specialists in cancer genetics that will help inform the clinical management of patients who harbor a PALB2 variant and may be at increased risk of developing breast,...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Thomas Herzog, MD

Discussant of this phase II study, Thomas Herzog, MD, Deputy Director of the University of Cincinnati Cancer Center and Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the UC College of Medicine, called the results “very exciting.” “The 33% response rate with the combination of ixabepilone plus...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Study Finds Ixabepilone Plus Bevacizumab Active in Platinum-Resistant or Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

The addition of bevacizumab to ixabepilone could be a promising treatment strategy for a group of patients with cancer currently lacking therapeutic options, according to data presented during the virtual edition of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer.1...

Kidney Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Kidney and Endometrial Cancers, Cholangiocarcinoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review to the combination of pembrolizumab and lenvatinib for the treatment of both advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and endometrial carcinoma. The FDA also granted Priority Review to ivosidenib for the treatment of...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Expert Point of View: Ursula Matulonis, MD, and Konstantin Zakashansky, MD

Perspectives on ARIEL4 were provided for The ASCO Post by the invited discussant Ursula Matulonis, MD, Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and Chief of Gynecologic Oncology and the Brock Wilson Family Chair at ­Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, and by Konstantin Zakashansky, MD,...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Phase III ARIEL4 Confirms Rucaparib’s Benefit in BRCA-Mutated Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In patients with BRCA-mutated, advanced, relapsed ovarian cancer, treatment with the PARP (poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase) inhibitor rucaparib led to a significant improvement in progression-free survival compared with standard-of-care chemotherapy, according to results of the international phase III ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

IMagyn050 Trial: Addition of Atezolizumab to Bevacizumab and Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Stage III or IV Ovarian Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kathleen N. Moore, MD, and colleagues, the phase III IMagyn050/GOG 3015/ENGOT-OV39 trial has shown that the addition of atezolizumab to bevacizumab and chemotherapy did not significantly improve progression-free survival in patients with newly...

Gynecologic Cancers

First-Line Single-Agent Carboplatin vs Carboplatin/Paclitaxel in Older Women With Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Falandry et al found that single-agent carboplatin was associated with poorer survival vs a standard carboplatin/paclitaxel regimen as first-line treatment for stage III/IV ovarian cancer in women aged 70 or older with high geriatric vulnerability...

Gynecologic Cancers

Patient-Centered Outcomes in the SOLO-1 Trial of Maintenance Olaparib for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In an analysis of health-related quality of life and patient-centered outcomes in the phase III SOLO-1 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Friedlander et al found no clinically meaningful difference in health-related quality of life—and improved quality-adjusted progression-free survival and...

gynecologic cancers

Mismatch Repair–Deficient/Microsatellite Instability–High Recurrent Endometrial Cancer

In this video, Ursula Matulonis, MD; Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH; and Bobbie J. Rimel, MD, focus on a case of mismatch repair–deficient/microsatellite instability–high recurrent endometrial cancer. They discuss the range of treatment options for patients with mismatch repair–deficient cancer, including the potential utility of single-agent immune checkpoint inhibitors such as pembrolizumab.

gynecologic cancers

Mismatch Repair–Proficient Recurrent Endometrial Cancer

Ursula Matulonis, MD; Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH; and Bobbie J. Rimel, MD, discuss the appropriate management of an older patient with mismatch repair–proficient recurrent endometrioid endometrial cancer, highlighting the importance of histology when determining the best treatment option for patients such as these. They review data from the phase III KEYNOTE-775 study, presented recently at the SGO 2021 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer, which evaluated pembrolizumab and lenvatinib in advanced endometrial cancer, and discuss the clinical implications of the findings.

gynecologic cancers

Platinum-Sensitive Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

Ursula Matulonis, MD; Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH; and Bobbie J. Rimel, MD, discuss a case of a woman with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer who was found to have a germline BRCA1 mutation. They address the question of how to choose the optimal chemotherapy regimen for patients who are platinum-sensitive, whether maintenance bevacizumab or poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors are appropriate, and how to manage adverse events. Recent data from SOLO-2 and ENGOT-OV16/NOVA are discussed.

gynecologic cancers

Newly Diagnosed Advanced BRCA-Mutated Ovarian Cancer

In this video, Ursula Matulonis, MD; Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH; and Bobbie J. Rimel, MD, discuss the use of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in the management of a patient with newly diagnosed, advanced ovarian cancer with a germline BRCA1 mutation. They review recent findings from the SOLO-1, PRIMA, and PAOLA-1 trials and provide insights into the management of adverse events that may arise from maintenance therapy with PARP inhibitors such as niraparib and olaparib.

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Angeles Alvarez Secord, MD

The invited discussant of the phase II feMMe trial1 was Angeles Alvarez Secord, MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, North Carolina. She noted that, because of its “alarming” increase in incidence and mortality, endometrial cancer is “a critically...

Gynecologic Cancers

Hormonal Intrauterine Device Under Study for Managing Early Endometrial Cancer

Disease regression was observed in 82% of women with endometrial hyperplasia with atypia and 43% of women with endometrial cancer after treatment for 6 months with a hormonal intrauterine device in a phase II study reported during the virtual edition of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO)...

Gynecologic Cancers
Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Transmission of Cancer to Infants From Mothers With Cervical Cancer During Vaginal Delivery

In a brief report in The New ­England Journal of Medicine, Ayumu Arakawa, MD, of the Department of Pediatric Oncology, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, and colleagues described identification of lung cancer in two boys that likely resulted from transmission of maternal cervical cancer tumor...

Global Cancer Care
Gynecologic Cancers

Increasing Cervical Cancer Prevention and Care in Nepal

A new JCO Global Oncology special article details the process and results of a Multidisciplinary Cervical Cancer Prevention Course that ASCO volunteers led in Nepal, where cervical cancer remains the most common cancer among women and most patients present with an advanced stage of the disease.1...

Gynecologic Cancers

Can Brachytherapy for Cervical Cancer Continue After Uterine Perforation?

A study published by Small et al in the journal Brachytherapy found that the common procedure of interstitial or intracavitary radiotherapy may continue safely—potentially without delay or antibiotics—in patients with cervical cancer following uterine perforation. According to the World Health...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Dostarlimab-gxly for dMMR Endometrial Cancer

On April 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to dostarlimab-gxly (Jemperli) for adult patients with mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer, as determined by an FDA-approved test, that has progressed on or following a prior...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Tisotumab Vedotin in Recurrent or Metastatic Cervical Cancer

In a phase II study (innovaTV 204/GOG-3023/ENGOT-cx6) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Robert L. Coleman, MD, and colleagues found that the tissue factor–directed antibody-drug conjugate tisotumab vedotin produced durable responses in previously treated patients with recurrent or metastatic...

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