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Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Dostarlimab-gxly for dMMR Endometrial Cancer

On April 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to dostarlimab-gxly (Jemperli) for adult patients with mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer, as determined by an FDA-approved test, that has progressed on or following a prior...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Tisotumab Vedotin in Recurrent or Metastatic Cervical Cancer

In a phase II study (innovaTV 204/GOG-3023/ENGOT-cx6) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Robert L. Coleman, MD, and colleagues found that the tissue factor–directed antibody-drug conjugate tisotumab vedotin produced durable responses in previously treated patients with recurrent or metastatic...

Bladder Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Solid Tumors
Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Recent Designations in Urothelial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Cholangiocarcinoma, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued regulatory decisions related to treatments for urothelial cancer, cervical cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, solid tumors, and colorectal cancer. Acceptance of Two Supplemental Biologics License Applications for Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv in...

Gynecologic Cancers

Outcomes With MRI-Based Image-Guided Adaptive Brachytherapy for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

In an international prospective cohort study (EMBRACE-I) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Pötter et al found that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based image-guided adaptive brachytherapy was associated with a high rate of long-term local disease control and relatively low cumulative severe...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Genome-Wide Association Study of Variants Linked to Cervical Preinvasive and Invasive Disease

In a genome-wide association study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bowden et al identified six independent variants among the PAX8, CLPTM1L, and HLA genes that were associated with risk for invasive cervical cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 (CIN3). As stated by the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology
Supportive Care

Patients With Ovarian Cancer Face an Increased Risk of Mental Illness

Women diagnosed with ovarian cancer were more than three times more likely than the general public to be diagnosed with anxiety, depression, and adjustment disorder, according to results presented by Hu et al during the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2021...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ursula ­Matulonis, MD

Invited discussant, Ursula ­Matulonis, MD, Chief of the Division of Gynecologic Oncology at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, applauded the improved outcomes favoring lenvatinib/pembrolizumab in the confirmatory KEYNOTE-775 trial. “This represents the start of a new era in endometrial cancer...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab Improves Survival in Advanced Endometrial Cancer

In the first report from the pivotal phase III KEYNOTE-775/Study 309 trial, the combination of lenvatinib, a multikinase inhibitor of VEGFR1, VEGFR2, and VEGFR3 kinases, and pembrolizumab significantly improved multiple outcomes compared with standard single-agent chemotherapy in patients with...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology
Palliative Care

End-of-Life Care Remains Aggressive for Patients With Ovarian Cancer

Patients with ovarian cancer frequently receive aggressive end-of-life care despite industry guidelines that emphasize quality of life for those with advanced disease, according to a recent study published by Mullins et al in the journal Cancer. In fact, by 2016, intensive care unit (ICU) stays and ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Image-Guided Percutaneous Thermal Ablation for Advanced Gynecologic Cancers

A study published by Yuan et al in the Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology found using percutaneous image-guided needle-based thermal ablation—the precise application of extreme heat or cold to a tumor using sophisticated imaging in a single outpatient session—is a safe and effective...

Gynecologic Cancers

Overall Survival With Olaparib vs Placebo Maintenance in Patients With Platinum-Sensitive Relapsed Ovarian Cancer and BRCA1/2 Mutation

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Andrés Poveda, MD, and colleagues, the phase III SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21 trial has shown a large numeric but statistically nonsignificant improvement in the secondary endpoint of overall survival with olaparib tablet maintenance therapy vs placebo in patients with...

gynecologic cancers

Anthony B. Costales, MD, on Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Predicting the Benefits of Minimally Invasive Surgery

Anthony B. Costales, MD, of the Baylor College of Medicine, discusses results from the MIID-SOC trial, which explored the question of whether laparoscopic surgery for removal of ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer following neoadjuvant chemotherapy is feasible, safe, and provides similar outcomes as open surgery.

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Studies Presented at SGO Annual Meeting Examine Racial Health-Care Disparities in Patients With Gynecologic Cancers

Two studies presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer highlighted the importance of addressing racial inequities in gynecologic cancers, including improving minorities’ low participation rates in clinical trials of women’s cancers.  Clinical Trial...

Gynecologic Cancers

WEE1 Inhibition in Patients With Recurrent Uterine Serous Carcinoma

In a single-institution phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that the WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib produced durable responses in women with recurrent uterine serous carcinoma. The investigators stated, “Uterine serous carcinoma is a...

gynecologic cancers

Andreas Obermair, MD, on Treating Endometrial Adenocarcinoma With a Levonorgestrel Intrauterine Device

Andreas Obermair, MD, of the University of Queensland and Queensland Centre for Gynaecological Cancer Research, discusses data on a hormonal IUD used to treat women with the precursor lesion endometrial hyperplasia with atypia (EHA) and those with stage I endometrial adenocarcinoma (EAC). At 6 months, the data showed a complete pathologic response in 82% of patients with EHA and in 43% of those with EAC (ID# 10244).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Amir A. Jazaeri, MD, on Metastatic Cervical Cancer: The Role of Immunotherapy

Amir A. Jazaeri, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data on the safety and efficacy of adoptive cell transfer using autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (LN-145) to treat patients with recurrent, metastatic, or persistent cervical carcinoma whose tumors have progressed on prior systemic therapy (ID # 10224).

gynecologic cancers

Eric Pujade-Lauraine, MD, PhD, on First-Line Maintenance Therapy in Ovarian Cancer

Eric Pujade-Lauraine, MD, PhD, of Hôpital Hôtel-Dieu, discusses results from the PAOLA-1ENGOT-ov25 trial on the use of homologous recombination–repair mutation gene panels and whether they can predict the efficacy of olaparib plus bevacizumab in first-line maintenance therapy for patients with ovarian cancer (ID# 10224).

gynecologic cancers
pain management

Brittany A. Davidson, MD, on a Model to Predict the Need for Opioids After Gynecologic Surgery

Brittany A. Davidson, MD, of Duke University, discusses the development and validation of the GO-POP model (Gynecologic Oncology Predictor of Postoperative opioid use), an individualized patient-centered predictive tool designed to help avoid overprescribing pain medications (ID# 10253).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Dana M. Roque, MD, on Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, and Peritoneal Cancers: Possible New Therapeutic Option for Heavily Pretreated Disease

Dana M. Roque, MD, of the University of Maryland Medical Center, discusses phase II results showing that weekly ixabepilone plus biweekly bevacizumab may improve overall response rate as well as progression-free and overall survival for women with platinum-resistant or -refractory ovarian, fallopian tube, and primary peritoneal cancers, a population in need of treatment choices.

gynecologic cancers

Laura Chambers, DO, on Treating Epithelial Ovarian Cancer With Cisplatin and Paclitaxel During Surgery

Laura Chambers, DO, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses data showing that combining paclitaxel and cisplatin vs cisplatin alone with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy at interval debulking surgery improved progression-free survival. There was no difference in postoperative complications, length of stay, or time to chemotherapy, but admission to intensive care units did increase.

gynecologic cancers
symptom management

Supriya Chopra, MD, on Cervical Cancer: Reducing Late Effects of Bowel Toxicity

Supriya Chopra, MD, of Tata Memorial Centre, discusses a final analysis of the phase III PARCER trial, which showed that image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy is superior to conventional radiotherapy in reducing bowel toxicity in women with cervical cancer. Acute diarrhea was also reduced, with no difference in disease-related outcomes (ID# 10224).

gynecologic cancers
survivorship
symptom management

Lauren Thomaier, MD, on Predicting Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Gynecologic Cancer Survivors

Lauren Thomaier, MD, of the University of Minnesota, discusses the genetic variants found to be associated with an increase in chemotherapy-induced neuropathy symptoms in a cohort of gynecologic cancer survivors. Combining these variants with clinical characteristics may provide an important treatment tool (ID# 10253).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Emily Hinchcliff, MD, MPH, on Treating Non–Clear Cell Ovarian Cancer With Durvalumab and Tremelimumab

Emily Hinchcliff, MD, MPH, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase II results of durvalumab (anti–PD-L1) and tremelimumab (anti–CTLA-4) administered in combination vs sequentially for the treatment of recurrent platinum-resistant non–clear cell ovarian cancer (ID #10240).

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

Sandro Pignata, MD, PhD, on BRCA-Mutated Ovarian Cancer: Maintenance Olaparib Outcomes

Sandro Pignata, MD, PhD, of the Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, discusses results from the ORZORA trial, which showed the efficacy of olaparib in patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer is similar, whether they have a germline or somatic BRCA mutation. This information could prove useful for clinical practice (ID #10226).

gynecologic cancers

Alice P. Barr, MD, on Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Minimally Invasive vs Open Surgery After Chemotherapy

Alice P. Barr, MD, of the Carolinas Medical Center and Levine Cancer Institute, discusses results from a retrospective study, which showed that progression-free and overall survival appeared to be no different with open surgery and minimally invasive surgery for interval debulking after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in women with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer. Perioperative outcomes also seemed to be superior with minimally invasive surgery (ID #10209).

Gynecologic Cancers

Image-Guided Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy in Patients With Cervical Cancer

Treatment with image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) led to reduced late toxicities vs standard three-dimensional (3D) conformal radiotherapy in patients with cervical cancer, according to data presented by Supriya Chopra, MD, and colleagues during the Society of Gynecologic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Niraparib Plus Bevacizumab Shows Clinical Benefit in Patients With Advanced Ovarian Cancer

The addition of niraparib maintenance to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy with bevacizumab demonstrated clinical benefit in patients with advanced ovarian cancer, according to data from the OVARIO study presented by Melissa M. Hardesty, MD, MPH, during the Society of Gynecologic Oncology...

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Charles N. Landen, MD, on Newly Diagnosed Ovarian Cancer: BRCA Mutations, PD-L1 Expression, and Combination Chemoimmunotherapy

Charles N. Landen, MD, of the University of Virginia, discusses results from the first clinical trial in ovarian cancer to demonstrate that neither a BRCA1/2 mutation nor a homologous recombination deficiency improves sensitivity to a therapeutic PD-L1 blockade in patients receiving atezolizumab vs placebo combined with carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab for newly diagnosed disease (ID #10240).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Hyun C. Chung, MD, on Pembrolizumab for Advanced Cervical Cancer: Update From KEYNOTE-158

Hyun C. Chung, MD, of Yonsei Cancer Center and Yonsei University College of Medicine, discusses phase II findings from the KEYNOTE-158 study, which support the use of pembrolizumab for patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer that has progressed on or after chemotherapy and whose tumors express PD-L1.

Gynecologic Cancers

Hormonal IUD May Be a Potential Nonsurgical Treatment for Early Endometrial Cancer or Precancer

An intrauterine device, or IUD, that releases the hormone levonorgestrel appears to be an effective treatment for endometrial precancer and early-stage endometrial cancer, according to new study results presented by Andreas Obermair, MD, at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Virtual...

gynecologic cancers

Shannon N. Westin, MD, on Treating Endometrial Cancer With Enzalutamide, Paclitaxel, and Carboplatin

Shannon N. Westin, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase II results from the ENPAC trial, which showed the combination of enzalutamide, paclitaxel, and carboplatin yielded promising clinical outcomes in chemotherapy-naive advanced or recurrent endometrioid cancer (ID # 10244).

Gynecologic Cancers

Maintenance Olaparib Yields Strong and Sustained Benefit in Ovarian Cancer

In the 5-year follow-up of the pivotal SOLO-1 trial in women with advanced ovarian cancer and a BRCA1/2 mutation, maintenance treatment with olaparib led to a doubling in progression-free survival. William H. Bradley, MD, presented these findings at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021...

gynecologic cancers

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: Niraparib as Maintenance Therapy

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase III results from the ENGOT-OV16/NOVA study on the long-term safety and efficacy of niraparib as maintenance therapy in patients with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer with either a BRCA mutation or a tumor with high-grade serous histology. Women in the study have responded to their most recent chemotherapy containing a platinum agent (ID #: 11139).

Gynecologic Cancers

Benefit of Niraparib Maintenance Therapy Extends Beyond First Disease Progression in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

The PARP (poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase) inhibitor niraparib is safe for long-term use and effective as maintenance treatment in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer, according to data presented by Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021...

Gynecologic Cancers

Phase III ARIEL4 Trial Confirms Benefit of Rucaparib in BRCA-Mutated Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In patients with BRCA-mutated, advanced, relapsed ovarian cancer, treatment with the PARP (poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase) inhibitor rucaparib led to a significant improvement in progression-free survival compared with standard-of-care chemotherapy. These results from the international phase III...

Gynecologic Cancers

Frailty May Impact Surgical Outcomes in Patients With Ovarian Cancer

Frailty may be a better predictor of poor surgical outcomes in patients with ovarian cancer than age, according to two studies reported at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Virtual Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer. Researchers found that frail patients are less likely to undergo...

gynecologic cancers

Morcos N. Nakhla, MS, on Surgical Outcomes for Frail Patients With Ovarian Cancer

Morcos N. Nakhla, MS, a second-year student at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, discusses data showing that a higher surgical volume is associated with better outcomes for frail patients undergoing surgery for ovarian cancer. Over the 12-year study period, mortality decreased for all women with ovarian cancer, despite a concurrent increase in frail patients (ID #10209).

gynecologic cancers
covid-19

Brian M. Slomovitz, MD, on the Impact of COVID-19 on Gynecologic Cancer Research

Brian M. Slomovitz, MD, of Florida International University, describes how emphasizing diversity and shifting away from clinical trials at universities helped The GOG Foundation, Inc., increase patient accrual by 50% in 2020 (ID # 10215).

gynecologic cancers
global cancer care

Edward L. Trimble, MD, MPH, on Cervical Cancer: A Global WHO Initiative

Edward L. Trimble, MD, MPH, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses the World Health Organization’s global strategy to speed the elimination of cervical cancer through vaccination, screening, treatment, and training for multidisciplinary teams in gynecologic oncology care. This marks the first time that 194 countries have committed to such an effort (ID # 10203).

gynecologic cancers
genomics/genetics

William H. Bradley, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: 5-Year Follow-up on Maintenance Olaparib

William H. Bradley, MD, of the Medical College of Wisconsin, discusses results from the SOLO-1 trial on maintenance olaparib after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy for patients with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer and a BRCA mutation. Almost half of the patients treated with olaparib in the study were disease-free at 5 years, vs 20% of those treated with placebo (ID# 10224).

Gynecologic Cancers
COVID-19
Immunotherapy

Recent Chemotherapy or Immunotherapy for Gynecologic Cancer Does Not Raise Risk of Death Due to COVID-19

Although some studies show that patients with cancer have a greater risk of health complications from COVID-19, a new study has found that recent chemotherapy or immunotherapy for gynecologic cancer does not raise the risk of hospitalization or death due to COVID-19. The study results were...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

PARP Inhibition Shows Efficacy in Ovarian Cancer Regardless of Number of Prior Lines of Chemotherapy, BRCA Mutation Status

Treatment with olaparib is safe and effective for patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer, regardless of the number of prior lines of chemotherapy received and BRCA mutation status, according to data presented from the phase II LIGHT study by Karen A. Cadoo, MD, at the Society of...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Survey Reveals Workplace Bullying, Gender Discrimination, and Microaggressions Not Uncommon for Women Gynecologic Oncologists

In a survey of 250 female gynecologic oncologists, more than half reported experiencing instances of bullying, gender discrimination, or microaggressions. They also reported that having a female department chair provided no buffer against these forms of gender harassment or discrimination in the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab/Lenvatinib May Improve Survival in Advanced Endometrial Cancer

In the first report from the pivotal phase III KEYNOTE-775/Study 309 trial, the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab significantly improved multiple outcomes compared to standard single-agent chemotherapy in patients with advanced, metastatic, or recurrent endometrial cancer that had...

gynecologic cancers

Rebecca S. Kristeleit, MD, PhD, on Relapsed Ovarian Cancer: Rucaparib vs Chemotherapy

Rebecca S. Kristeleit, MD, PhD, of the University College London and UCL Cancer Institute, discusses efficacy and safety results from the phase III ARIEL4 study, which showed that rucaparib improved progression-free survival vs standard-of-care chemotherapy in patients with BRCA-mutated, platinum-resistant, or platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer (ID #10191).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Vicky Makker, MD, on Endometrial Cancer: Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab

Vicky Makker, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase III findings showing that lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab may improve overall and progression-free survival, as well as overall response rate, compared with treatment of physician’s choice for advanced endometrial cancer. These results were achieved regardless of mismatch repair status following platinum-based chemotherapy (ID #10191).

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers
Cost of Care

Is HPV Vaccination for Adults Aged 26 and Older Cost-Effective?

Vaccinating adults aged 26 and older against the human papillomavirus (HPV) may not be cost-effective, according to a new study published by Kim et al in PLOS Medicine. “Our study found that the added health benefit of increasing the vaccination age limit beyond 26 years is minimal, and that the...

Gynecologic Cancers

Secondary Cytoreduction Plus Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy Alone in Relapsed Platinum-Sensitive Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

In a Chinese phase III trial (SOC-1) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Shi et al found that secondary cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs chemotherapy alone in patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer. No significant...

Gynecologic Cancers
Head and Neck Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Hematologic Malignancies

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Ovarian, Head/Neck, and Thyroid Cancers

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to a novel immunotherapy for the treatment of ovarian cancer as well as Breakthrough Therapy designation to treatments for HRAS-mutant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and previously treated thyroid cancer....

Gynecologic Cancers

Recent Study Examines Potential New Therapies, Assessment of Biomarkers in Endometrial Cancer

In a new study published by Merritt et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers demonstrated that sex hormones and insulin growth factors may be associated with recurrence risk in patients with endometrial cancer. The findings suggest endocrine-targeted therapies and an...

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