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Gynecologic Cancers

SGO 2020: Wee1 Inhibition in Recurrent Uterine Serous Carcinoma

In a clinical trial in patients with recurrent uterine serous carcinoma, one-third of study participants responded to treatment with the Wee1 inhibitor adavosertib, according to data presented by Liu et al at a virtual session of the Society for Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) Annual Meeting on Women’s...

Leukemia
Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in AML, Fast Track Designations for Pancreatic Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Over the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Fast Track designations for agents in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic/nonpancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; approvals for companion diagnostic tests;...

Gynecologic Cancers

FDA Approves Niraparib as Maintenance Therapy for Advanced Ovarian Cancer

On April 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved niraparib (Zejula) for the maintenance treatment of adult patients with advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer who are in a complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy....

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Nivolumab Alone in Recurrent or Persistent Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II NRG Oncology trial (NRG GY003) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dmitriy Zamarin, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of ipilimumab to nivolumab improved objective response rate and progression-free survival in women with persistent or recurrent epithelial...

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors
Lung Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
CNS Cancers

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapy Based on Biomarker Status, Combination First-Line Therapy in Lung Cancer

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to an immunotherapeutic agent for solid tumors with a high tumor mutational burden and to a combination treatment for the first-line treatment of metastatic or recurrent non–small cell lung cancer. The agency...

Gynecologic Cancers

Does Breastfeeding Affect Invasive Ovarian Cancer Risk?

In a large pooled analysis reported in JAMA Oncology by Babic et al, breastfeeding was associated with a significant reduction in risk for invasive ovarian cancers, including high-grade serous disease. Study Details The pooled analysis included data from 9,973 women with ovarian cancer and 13,843...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Gynecologic Cancer Screening After a Natural Disaster

Cervical cancer screening rates were significantly affected in the years following the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011, according to a report published by Miki et al in PLOS ONE. “Conflicts and disasters, and the social isolation that often follows, have a major impact on health care and lead...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Predicting Which Patients With Ovarian Cancer May Respond to Combination PARP and PD-1 Inhibition

In some patients with advanced ovarian cancer, the combination of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors can produce responses, but up until now, investigators have been unable to predict which patients would not benefit from the treatment and...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Endometrial Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Vicky Makker, MD, and colleagues, findings from a phase Ib/II trial indicate that the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab is active in patients with previously treated advanced endometrial carcinoma. Study Details The report is the primary ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Risk of Cervical Cancer With Different Types of Intrauterine Devices

Patients who used copper intrauterine devices (IUDs) were found to have a lower risk of high-grade cervical neoplasms vs users of the levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system, according to a study published by Spotnitz et al in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology. The study notes that more...

Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy for NSCLC With Specific Mutation, Approval of Test for Cervical Cancer, and More

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to a bispecific antibody for the treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations; granted approval to a test for human...

Gynecologic Cancers

Olaparib vs Nonplatinum Chemotherapy in Platinum-Sensitive Relapsed BRCA1/2-Mutated Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III SOLO3 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Richard T. Penson, MD, and colleagues found that olaparib was associated with an improved objective response rate and progression-free survival vs nonplatinum chemotherapy in women with platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian...

Gynecologic Cancers
Symptom Management

Gastrointestinal Patient-Reported Outcomes With Postoperative Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy vs Standard Radiotherapy

In an analysis from the NRG Oncology RTOG 1203 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Yeung et al found improved patient-reported gastrointestinal toxicity with intensity-modulated radiotherapy vs standard radiotherapy among patients with cervical or endometrial cancer requiring...

Lung Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in Lung Cancer, Breakthrough Therapy Designation in Head and Neck Cancer, and More

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to brigatinib for the treatment of ALK-positive lung cancer and Breakthrough Therapy designation to a potential first-in-class oral antagonist of inhibitors of apoptosis proteins for the treatment of head and neck...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

New ASCO Guideline Highlights Need to Improve Germline, Somatic Tumor Testing in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

A new ASCO clinical practice guideline provides clinicians and other health-care professionals with evidence-based recommendations on genetic and tumor testing for women diagnosed with epithelial ovarian cancer.1 “We wanted to go over the evidence and make strong statements and recommendations...

Gynecologic Cancers

Proteomic Analysis of Endometrial Cancer

A comprehensive molecular study of endometrial cancer published by Dou et al in Cell has further defined the contributions of key genes and proteins to the disease. The overview suggests new treatment approaches that could be tailored for each patient, as well as potential biologic targets for...

Gynecologic Cancers

Cervical Cancer Recurrence: Open vs Minimally Invasive Radical Hysterectomy

A multi-institutional retrospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shitanshu Uppal, MBBS, and colleagues showed that minimally invasive radical hysterectomy was associated with a higher risk of disease recurrence vs open abdominal hysterectomy in women undergoing surgery for...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Christopher B. Cole, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: First-in-Human Study of Interferon-Activated Autologous Monocytes

Christopher B. Cole, MD, PhD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses findings from a phase I study of intraperitoneal monocytes activated by interferons alpha and gamma in patients with ovarian cancer. Two of 11 patients had a partial response and 5 of 11 had stable disease; ongoing efforts are exploring more immune system targets in order to increase efficacy (Abstract 1).

Gynecologic Cancers

Modeling the Impact of HPV Vaccination and Cervical Screening on Cervical Cancer Elimination in Low-Income and Lower-Middle—Income Countries

In a modeling study reported in The Lancet, Brisson et al in the World Health Organization (WHO)-sponsored Cervical Cancer Elimination Modelling Consortium (CCEMC) found that high human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine uptake in girls could lead to cervical cancer elimination in most low-income and...

Gynecologic Cancers

Is There a Future Role for Secondary Cytoreductive Surgery in the Treatment of Recurrent Ovarian Cancer?

In a recent issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, Coleman et al released the results from the GOG-0213 trial, a multicenter, randomized prospective trial that compared secondary cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy with chemotherapy alone in women with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Diffusion-Weighted MRI May Help Predict Treatment Response in Patients With Advanced Ovarian Cancer

A simple test using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan may be used to predict how well people with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer will respond to treatment, according to the results of a new study published by Winfield et al in Radiology. In a large clinical trial, scientists have shown a...

Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of Secondary Surgical Cytoreduction to Chemotherapy in Recurrent Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robert L. Coleman, MD, of MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III trial Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG)-0213 trial has shown no overall survival benefit with secondary surgical cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy with or...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Health-Care Policy
Genomics/Genetics

CMS Expands Coverage of Next-Generation Sequencing for Patients With Breast or Ovarian Cancer

On January 27, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) took action to cover U.S. Food and Drug Administration–approved or –cleared laboratory diagnostic tests using next-generation sequencing (NGS) for patients with germline ovarian or breast cancer. Over the last several years, CMS ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Supportive Care
Multiple Myeloma
Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Ovarian Cancer, Prostate Cancer, and NSCLC

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for ovarian, prostate, and lung cancer; granted Orphan Drug designation to therapies for chemotherapy-induced thrombocytopenia and multiple myeloma; and granted Breakthrough Device designation to platforms...

Gynecologic Cancers

Is There an Association Between Powder Use and Risk of Ovarian Cancer?

As reported in JAMA by O’Brien et al, pooled data from four large U.S.-based prospective cohorts suggest the lack of a significant association between the use of powder in the genital area and an increased risk of ovarian cancer. The investigators noted that the analysis may have not been...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Addition of Olaparib to Bevacizumab Maintenance in Patients With Advanced Ovarian Cancer Responding to First-Line Therapy

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Isabelle Ray-Coquard, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III PAOLA-1 trial has shown a progression-free survival benefit with the addition of olaparib to bevacizumab maintenance in patients with advanced ovarian cancer responding to first-line...

Gynecologic Cancers

Many Pelvic Examinations and Papanicolaou Tests Performed on Young Women May Be Unnecessary

Pelvic examinations and cervical cancer screenings are no longer recommended for most females under age 21 during routine health visits, but a new study has found that millions of young women are undergoing the tests, which can lead to false-positive testing, overtreatment, anxiety, and needless...

Gynecologic Cancers

The Antiseptic Era: 1876–1900

The text and photographs here are excerpted from a four-volume series of books titled Oncology: Tumors & Treatment, A Photographic History, The Antiseptic Era: 1876–1900 by Stanley B. Burns, MD, FACS, and Elizabeth A. Burns. The photographs appear courtesy of Dr. Burns and The Burns Archive. To ...

Gynecologic Cancers

First-Line Weekly Dose-Dense Chemotherapy in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: ICON8 Trial

In the phase III Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup ICON8 trial reported in The Lancet, Clamp et al found that first-line weekly dose-dense chemotherapy did not improve progression-free survival vs standard 3-weekly chemotherapy in a predominantly European population with epithelial ovarian cancer....

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2019: Sitravatinib/Tislelizumab Shows Antitumor Activity in Ovarian Cancer

Results from a phase Ib study reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Immuno-Oncology Congress 2019 showed manageable safety and encouraging antitumor activity in patients with advanced ovarian cancer treated with the novel combination of sitravatinib and tislelizumab. These...

Gynecologic Cancers

Thermal Ablation vs Cryotherapy or Loop Excision in Zambian Women Positive for Cervical Precancer

In the pilot phase of an ongoing randomized trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Partha Basu, MD, and colleagues found that thermal ablation and cryotherapy produced similar treatment success rates in Zambian women positive for cervical precancer on visual inspection with acetic acid. The...

Gynecologic Cancers

Nivolumab Plus Bevacizumab in Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH, and colleagues found evidence of the activity of combined nivolumab and bevacizumab in relapsed ovarian cancer, with activity appearing to be greater in platinum-sensitive disease. Study Details In the trial, 38 women with...

Gynecologic Cancers

Niraparib for Homologous Recombination Deficiency–Positive Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On October 23, 2019, the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase...

Gynecologic Cancers

Secondary Surgical Cytoreduction Plus Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy Alone in Recurrent Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III trial Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG)-0213 trial, reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Robert L. Coleman, MD, and colleagues, no overall survival benefit was found for secondary surgical cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone in women with...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Thermal Ablation vs Cryotherapy or Loop Excision in Zambian Women Positive for Cervical Precancer

In the pilot phase of an ongoing randomized trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Pinder et al found that thermal ablation and cryotherapy produced similar treatment success rates in Zambian women positive for cervical precancer on visual inspection with acetic acid. The investigators noted that...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Bevacizumab in Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Liu et al found evidence of the activity of combined nivolumab and bevacizumab in relapsed ovarian cancer, with activity appearing to be greater in platinum-sensitive disease. Study Details In the trial, 38 women with relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer ...

Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-breaking abstracts. The ASCO Post summarized much of that news in separate articles over several...

Immunotherapy
Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Nicoletta Colombo, MD

The invited discussant of the two trials in cervical and endometrial cancers presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 was Nicoletta Colombo, MD, of the University of Milan-Bicocca in Italy, who commented on what she called “exciting results in cancers with unmet needs.” Dr. Colombo noted: “The studies...

Immunotherapy
Gynecologic Cancers

Immunotherapy Shows Strong Benefit in Two Gynecologic Cancers

In studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019, immunotherapy yielded encouraging outcomes in two gynecologic cancer populations in need of new treatments, including patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for advanced endometrial cancer.  ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Checkpoint Inhibitors Benefit Women With Advanced Stages of Cervical, Endometrial Cancers

Immunotherapy studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019 yielded encouraging outcomes in patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for advanced endometrial cancer. The combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab, with two different dosing...

Gynecologic Cancers

Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

At the ESMO Congress 2019, ovarian cancer was a topic of heightened interest, particularly due to findings reported in several important phase III studies of PARP inhibitors in front-line maintenance therapy for patients with newly diagnosed advanced disease—and not just those with BRCA mutations....

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD

Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, Head of the Gynecologic Cancer Program at Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology, Barcelona, discussed the PRIMA/ENGOT-OV26/GOG-3012 trial along with the results of the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial of olaparib plus bevacizumab maintenance. According to Dr. Oaknin, the...

Gynecologic Cancers

PRIMA Trial Reports Benefit With Niraparib Across Ovarian Cancer Subsets

In women with advanced ovarian cancer responding to first-line chemotherapy, maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor niraparib significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 38% overall and by 60% in women with BRCA mutations. Even patients without a homologous recombination...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Mansoor R. Mirza, MD

The time has come to offer all patients a PARP [poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase] inhibitor,” said Mansoor R. Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and the invited discussant of the VELIA trial at the ESMO Presidential Symposium. He noted, however, that he wasn’t sure veliparib...

Gynecologic Cancers

Veliparib Plus Chemotherapy Meets Primary Endpoint in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

As first-line treatment for women with advanced ovarian cancer, the addition of veliparib during induction followed by veliparib maintenance therapy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death in the phase III VELIA/GOG-3005 trial reported at the European Society for Medical...

Gynecologic Cancers

2019 NCRI: CA125 Testing May Help General Practitioners to Detect Ovarian Cancer

Testing for levels of the serum biomarker cancer antigen 125 (CA125) in the blood may be a useful tool for the detection of ovarian cancer, and could help detect other types of cancer among patients in primary care, according to research presented by Funston et al at the 2019 National Cancer...

Gynecologic Cancers

PAOLA-1 Trial: Front-Line Olaparib/Bevacizumab Maintenance Benefits Women With Advanced Ovarian Cancer

In women with newly diagnosed ovarian cancer, front-line maintenance therapy with olaparib plus bevacizumab reduced the risk of disease progression by 41% overall and by 69% in the subset of patients with BRCA-mutated disease, vs bevacizumab and placebo, in the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 trial...

Gynecologic Cancers

FDA Approves Niraparib for Patients With Homologous Recombination Deficiency–Positive Advanced Ovarian Cancer

On October 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved niraparib (Zejula) for patients with advanced ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer treated with three or more prior chemotherapy regimens and whose cancer is associated with homologous recombination...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab/Lenvatinib in Advanced Endometrial Carcinoma Without Microsatellite Instability–High or Mismatch Repair–Deficient Disease

On September 17, 2019, the combination of pembrolizumab plus lenvatinib was granted accelerated approval for the treatment of patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is not microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) and who have disease progression...

Gynecologic Cancers

Three Phase III Trials Suggest Paradigm Shift With PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is typically a second-tier newsmaker at the world’s premier oncology conferences, but at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2019, this tumor type generated universal buzz. Impressive findings were presented for three PARP inhibitors in front-line maintenance...

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