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gynecologic cancers

Rebecca S. Kristeleit, MD, PhD, on Relapsed Ovarian Cancer: Rucaparib vs Chemotherapy

Rebecca S. Kristeleit, MD, PhD, of the University College London and UCL Cancer Institute, discusses efficacy and safety results from the phase III ARIEL4 study, which showed that rucaparib improved progression-free survival vs standard-of-care chemotherapy in patients with BRCA-mutated, platinum-resistant, or platinum-sensitive relapsed ovarian cancer (ID #10191).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Vicky Makker, MD, on Endometrial Cancer: Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab

Vicky Makker, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase III findings showing that lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab may improve overall and progression-free survival, as well as overall response rate, compared with treatment of physician’s choice for advanced endometrial cancer. These results were achieved regardless of mismatch repair status following platinum-based chemotherapy (ID #10191).

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers
Cost of Care

Is HPV Vaccination for Adults Aged 26 and Older Cost-Effective?

Vaccinating adults aged 26 and older against the human papillomavirus (HPV) may not be cost-effective, according to a new study published by Kim et al in PLOS Medicine. “Our study found that the added health benefit of increasing the vaccination age limit beyond 26 years is minimal, and that the...

Gynecologic Cancers

Secondary Cytoreduction Plus Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy Alone in Relapsed Platinum-Sensitive Epithelial Ovarian Cancer

In a Chinese phase III trial (SOC-1) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Shi et al found that secondary cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy significantly prolonged progression-free survival vs chemotherapy alone in patients with platinum-sensitive relapsed epithelial ovarian cancer. No significant...

Gynecologic Cancers
Head and Neck Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Hematologic Malignancies

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Ovarian, Head/Neck, and Thyroid Cancers

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designation to a novel immunotherapy for the treatment of ovarian cancer as well as Breakthrough Therapy designation to treatments for HRAS-mutant head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and previously treated thyroid cancer....

Gynecologic Cancers

Recent Study Examines Potential New Therapies, Assessment of Biomarkers in Endometrial Cancer

In a new study published by Merritt et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers demonstrated that sex hormones and insulin growth factors may be associated with recurrence risk in patients with endometrial cancer. The findings suggest endocrine-targeted therapies and an...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Bevacizumab Beyond Disease Progression Plus Carboplatin-Based Doublet in Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

In the phase III MITO16b/MANGO–OV2/ENGOT–ov17 trial, investigators found that treatment with a carboplatin-based doublet plus bevacizumab beyond disease progression significantly improved progression-free survival vs a carboplatin-based doublet alone in women with platinum-sensitive ovarian cancer...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Trends in Germline Genetic Testing in Women Diagnosed With Breast or Ovarian Cancer

In a study of germline genetic testing in women diagnosed with breast or ovarian cancer reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Allison W. Kurian, MD, MSc, and colleagues found that undertesting persists in patients with ovarian cancer, and that most pathogenic variants are found in 20 breast ...

Issues in Oncology
COVID-19
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Impact of COVID-19 on Cancer Care Has Been ‘Profound,’ According to WHO

More than a year since the new coronavirus crisis began, its impact on cancer care has been stark, with “50% of governments (having) cancer services partially or completely disrupted because of the pandemic,” said André Ilbawi, MD, of the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Department of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of Wee1 Inhibitor Adavosertib to Gemcitabine in Platinum-Resistant/Refractory Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet, Lheureux et al found that the addition of the oral Wee1 inhibitor adavosertib to gemcitabine significantly improved progression-free survival in patients with platinum-resistant/refractory recurrent ovarian cancer. As related by the investigators, the...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Colorectal Cancer

Rates of Eligible People Missing Timely Cancer Screenings: A Canadian Analysis

New research published by Abdel-Rahman in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found more than one-third of eligible people miss timely screening tests for colorectal cancer, and at least one-quarter appear to miss timely screening tests for breast and cervical cancers....

Issues in Oncology
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

Record Drop in Cancer Mortality for Second Straight Year Due to Improved Lung Cancer Treatment Reported in ‘Cancer Statistics, 2021’

Overall cancer death rates in the United States dropped continuously from 1991 through 2018, for a total decrease of 31%, including a 2.4% decline from 2017 to 2018. These findings were reported in the American Cancer Society’s “Cancer Statistics, 2021” article, published by Rebecca L. Siegel, MPH, ...

Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Transmission of Maternal Cancer in Two Infants From Mothers With Cervical Cancer During Delivery

In a brief report published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Arakawa et al described the identification of lung cancer in two children that likely resulted from transmission of maternal cervical cancer tumor cells during vaginal delivery. As noted by the investigators, the transmission of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Outcomes After Neoadjuvant Carboplatin/Paclitaxel in Women With Ovarian Cancer and Planned Delayed Surgery: ICON8 Analysis

In a post hoc analysis from the ICON8 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Morgan et al found evidence indicating that the evaluation of response to platinum-based neoadjuvant therapy in women with ovarian carcinoma using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), version 1.1, should...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

Global Burden of Cervical Cancer and Association With HIV

A research team has quantified the effects of infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the development of cervical cancer. Their results show that the risk of developing cervical cancer is six times higher in women who are infected with HIV, and that women who live in Southern and...

Gynecologic Cancers
Breast Cancer

Study Clarifies Time-Dependent Effects of Oral Contraceptives on Risk of Ovarian, Endometrial, and Breast Cancers

A comprehensive study involving more than 250,000 women showed that oral contraceptive use may be protective against the development of ovarian and endometrial cancers, but the effect on lifetime risk of breast cancer is more limited. The protective effect on ovarian and endometrial cancers was...

Gynecologic Cancers

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Overall Survival in Metastatic Endometrial Cancer

In a National Cancer Database analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Tobias et al found that receipt of neoadjuvant chemotherapy was associated with improved short-term but not long-term survival vs primary debulking surgery in patients with metastatic endometrial cancer. As stated by the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Gemogenovatucel-T Maintenance in Stage III/IV Ovarian Cancer

In the phase IIb VITAL trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rocconi et al found that front-line maintenance with the autologous tumor cell vaccine gemogenovatucel-T did not improve recurrence-free survival vs placebo in patients with stage III/IV ovarian cancer in clinical complete response after ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Study Shows Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy to Be 'Viable Option' for Surgical Staging of Endometrial Cancer

Sentinel lymph node biopsy “had similar diagnostic accuracy and prognostic ability as lymphadenectomy in patients with high-grade endometrial cancer at greatest risk for nodal metastases,” according to the SENTOR trial, a prospective cohort study of 156 patients with clinical stage I disease. Using ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in Combination With a Therapeutic DNA Vaccine for HPV-Positive Advanced Cervical Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Youn et al, interim results of a Korean phase II trial indicated activity with the combination of pembrolizumab plus the therapeutic DNA vaccine GX-188E in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-16– or HPV-18–positive advanced cervical cancer. GX-188E...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Subgroup Analysis of Japanese Patients With Ovarian Cancer Treated With Maintenance Olaparib/Bevacizumab

Findings from a subgroup analysis of the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 study presented by Fujiwara et al at the ESMO Asia Virtual Congress 2020 showed that the addition of olaparib to bevacizumab maintenance following standard platinum-based therapy plus bevacizumab provided a progression-free...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Trends in Positive BRCA Test Results Among Women Aged 65 and Older in the United States

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Guo et al found that the proportion of positive BRCA genetic test results markedly declined between 2008 and 2018 among women aged ≥ 65 years in the United States, with the trend likely reflecting what the investigators call a loosening of testing criteria...

Gynecologic Cancers

Image-Guided IMRT Reduces GI Toxicity Without Compromising Pelvic Recurrence in Intermediate- to High-Risk Cervical Cancer

Post-hysterectomy image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) was superior to three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3D-CRT) in reducing the side effects of pelvic radiation while achieving similar tumor control in women with high-risk cervical cancer, according to the final...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Plus Bevacizumab and Oral Metronomic Cyclophosphamide for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In a single-institution phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Zsiros et al found that the combination of pembrolizumab with bevacizumab and oral metronomic cyclophosphamide produced objective response in approximately half of women with recurrent ovarian cancer taking part in the study....

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Screening Younger Women for Variants Linked to Breast and Ovarian Cancers May Be Cost-Effective

Population-wide screening for genetic variants linked to hereditary breast and ovarian cancers may be cost-effective in women between the ages of 20 and 35, according to a study published by Guzauskas et al in JAMA Network Open. However, screening for older women was not cost-effective, the...

Gynecologic Cancers

Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy vs Lymphadenectomy for Staging of Intermediate- and High-Grade Endometrial Cancers

In a Canadian prospective cohort study (SENTOR) reported in JAMA Surgery, Cusimano et al found that sentinel lymph node biopsy showed “acceptable diagnostic accuracy” compared with lymphadenectomy in detecting nodal metastatic disease in patients with intermediate- and high-grade endometrial...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

FDA Approves Companion Diagnostic for Three Targeted Therapies for Advanced Ovarian, Breast, and Non–Small Cell Lung Cancers

On October 27, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the FoundationOne Liquid CDx test for three new companion diagnostic indications to help match patients who may benefit from treatment with specific FDA-approved targeted therapies. The new indications are for alpelisib...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Andreas du Bois, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of the phase III INOVATYON trial was Andreas du Bois, MD, PhD, Chairman of the Department of Gynecology and Gynecologic Oncology at Kliniken Essen Mitte, Germany, and Chairman of the AGO Study Group. As Dr. du Bois explained, the study “dealt with an old question: Does...

Gynecologic Cancers

INOVATYON: Platinum-Based Regimens Remain Standard of Care in Recurrent Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

Yet another blow has been dealt for the alkylating agent trabectedin in advanced ovarian cancer. The international phase III INOVATYON study found no improvement in overall or progression-free survival for trabectedin plus pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PEG-LD) vs carboplatin/PEG-LD in patients...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD

The innovaTV 204 trial’s invited discussant, Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, Head of the Gynecologic Cancer Program at Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology in Barcelona, was encouraged by the study’s findings. “Of note, the response rate was 24%, the time to response was short, and the median duration of...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Novel Treatments Show Activity in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The treatment of recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer has not changed much in recent years, but according to preliminary trials presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual Congress 2020, checkpoint inhibitors and antibody-drug conjugates may become new options. In the...

Gynecologic Cancers

Prediagnosis and Postdiagnosis Physical Activity and Survival in Endometrial Cancer

In a Canadian study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Friedenreich et al found that postdiagnosis recreational physical activity was associated with significantly improved disease-free and overall survival among women with invasive endometrial cancer. Study Details The prospective...

Gynecologic Cancers

SOLO-1 Trial: After 5 Years, Maintenance Olaparib Still Keeps Ovarian Cancer at Bay

The long-term results of the pivotal SOLO-1 trial have shown that maintenance olaparib more than doubles the 5-year disease-free survival time for patients who have newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer with BRCA mutations, according to an update presented at the European Society for Medical...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves Companion Diagnostic for Three Targeted Therapies for Advanced Ovarian, Breast, and Non–Small Cell Lung Cancers

On October 27, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the FoundationOne Liquid CDx test for three new companion diagnostic indications to help match patients who may benefit from treatment with specific FDA-approved targeted therapies. The new indications are for alpelisib (Piqray) in ...

Gynecologic Cancers

The Gut, Our Choices, and Gynecologic Cancers: Investigating an Unlikely Trio

Disturbance of the gut microbial metabolism is thought to be the root cause of human diseases. Bacteria, viruses, and fungi affect their human hosts in numerous ways. There is evidence to support the theory that microbes, through their genetic makeup, gene products, and metabolites, play a role in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Addition of Bevacizumab to Paclitaxel in Relapsed Ovarian Sex Cord–Stromal Tumors

In the phase II ALIENOR trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Isabelle Ray-Coquard, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of bevacizumab to paclitaxel did not improve the 6-month progression-free rate among women with relapsed ovarian sex cord–stromal tumors. Study Details The study, performed in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Camrelizumab Plus Apatinib in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Cervical Cancer

In the Chinese phase II CLAP study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lan et al found that the combination of the anti–PD-1 antibody camrelizumab and the VEGFR inhibitor apatinib produced high response rates in previously treated women with advanced cervical cancer. Study Details The...

Gynecologic Cancers

Swedish Study of HPV Vaccination and Risk of Invasive Cervical Cancer

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Lei et al found that receipt of the quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine among girls and young women was associated with a substantial reduction in the risk of invasive cervical cancer. As stated by the investigators, “The...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers
Colorectal Cancer
COVID-19

A Primary Care Physician Explores Barriers to Cancer Prevention and Clinical Trial Accrual

To accelerate progress in the survival rates of people with cancer in the United States and to reduce cancer disparities across the entire spectrum of cancer from diagnosis to survivorship, there needs to be increased access to cancer screening and prevention programs. To shed light on this...

gynecologic cancers

Andreas du Bois, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: Niraparib, Trabectedin Plus Doxorubicin, Platinum, and Carboplatin

Andreas du Bois, MD, PhD, of Kliniken Essen Mitte, discusses the NORA and INOVATYON studies of patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, detailing the findings for women in China with platinum-sensitive disease and women internationally who received trabectedin and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) followed by platinum at disease progression vs carboplatin and PLD after disease progression (Abstract LBA29 and LBA30).

Gynecologic Cancers

Early Cancer Experience Plants the Seed for a Career in Oncology to Grow for Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH

As a young girl growing up in central New Jersey, Joyce F. Liu, MD, MPH, a medical oncologist specializing in gynecologic cancers at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, dreamed of becoming an astronaut. However, she realized her fear of heights and propensity for motion sickness didn’t jive with...

Gynecologic Cancers

Does Radical Hysterectomy Improve Survival in Patients With Cervical Cancer and Intraoperative Detection of Positive Lymph Nodes?

No significant difference was observed in the risk of recurrence, local recurrence, or death between patients with cervical cancer in whom a radical uterine procedure (mostly radical hysterectomy) was completed or abandoned upon intraoperative detection of positive pelvic lymph nodes. These...

Gynecologic Cancers

SOLO1 5-Year Follow-up: Maintenance Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Almost half of patients who received the PARP inhibitor olaparib for newly diagnosed BRCA-mutated advanced ovarian cancer remained disease-free after 5 years, according to data presented by Susana Banerjee, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues during the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 811MO). Patients...

Gynecologic Cancers

World Gynecologic Oncology Awareness Day (World GO Day): September 20

Patient advocates and medical professionals in more than 20 countries have come together for the second annual World Gynecologic Oncology Day (World GO Day), taking place today, September 20. A project of the European Society of Gynaecological Oncology (ESGO) and the European Network of...

gynecologic cancers

Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, on Endometrial Cancer: Palbociclib Plus Letrozole in ER-Positive Disease

Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, of Copenhagen University Hospital, discusses phase II study results that showed the combination of palbociclib and letrozole, compared with placebo plus letrozole, improved progression-free survival in patients with estrogen receptor–positive advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer (Abstract LBA28).

Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of ATR Inhibitor Berzosertib to Gemcitabine Improves Progression-Free Survival in Recurrent Platinum-Resistant High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Panagiotis A. Konstantinopoulos, MD, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and colleagues, a U.S. Experimental Therapeutics Clinical Trials Network phase II trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with the addition of the ATR (ataxia...

Global Cancer Care
Gynecologic Cancers

Simple Rapid Vinegar Screening Test Cuts Cervical Cancer Death Rates by One-Third in Rural India

In 2013, at the ASCO Annual Meeting Plenary Session, it was both surprising and encouraging in the era of personalized medicine for cancer care to hear about a simple low-tech intervention delivered by women in the community that cut the rate of death from cervical cancer in India by about...

Gynecologic Cancers

Quality-Adjusted Progression-Free Survival and Time Without Symptoms or Toxicity in the ARIEL3 Trial of Rucaparib Maintenance Therapy for Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In an exploratory post hoc analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Amit M. Oza, MD, and colleagues found superior quality-adjusted progression-free survival (QA-PFS) and quality-adjusted time without symptoms or toxicity (Q-TWiST) in patients with platinum-sensitive, recurrent...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: TROPHIMMUN Trial

Two gynecologic oncologists and ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, commented on the findings of the TROPHIMMUN trial for The ASCO Post. “The authors demonstrate efficacy of a new treatment approach for gestational trophoblastic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

TROPHIMMUN Trial Finds Avelumab Effective in Rare Gynecologic Tumor Resistant to Chemotherapy

The first trial of immunotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumors proved effective in almost 50% of patients resistant to single-agent chemotherapy, French investigators reported in an abstract presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1 The results of the phase II TROPHIMMUN trial ...

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