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Breast Cancer
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

FDA Pipeline: Designations for Therapies in Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted special designation status to treatments for myelodysplastic syndromes and advanced triple-negative breast cancer. Breakthrough Therapy Designation for Venetoclax in Combination With Azacitidine for  Myelodysplastic Syndromes Venetoclax...

Breast Cancer

Outcomes in Patients With HER2-Low–Positive Breast Cancer Participating in Neoadjuvant Clinical Trials

In a pooled analysis of individual patient data from breast cancer neoadjuvant clinical trials reported in The Lancet Oncology, Carsten Denkert, MD, and colleagues found that pathologic complete response and survival rates for patients with HER2-low–positive vs HER2-zero tumors differed according...

Breast Cancer

Is There a Disease-Free Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Celecoxib in HER2-Negative Breast Cancer?

In the phase III REACT trial reported in JAMA Oncology, R. Charles Coombes, MD, PhD, and colleagues found no disease-free survival benefit with the addition of 2 years of adjuvant celecoxib vs placebo to conventional adjuvant treatment in patients with HER2-negative breast cancer. Study Details...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Efficacy of Dendritic Cell Vaccines Plus Standard Therapy for Breast Cancer

A report published by Oba et al in the Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer shares new data on combining standard treatment for breast cancer with a particular form of cancer immunotherapy—dendritic cell vaccines. The study is reportedly the first to demonstrate that in situ dendritic cell vaccines...

Breast Cancer

Breast-Conserving Surgery Plus Radiotherapy May Yield Better Survival Than Mastectomy With or Without Radiotherapy

In a Swedish cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, de Boniface et al found that breast-conserving surgery plus radiation therapy for women with breast cancer was associated with better survival vs mastectomy with or without radiotherapy in analysis adjusting for comorbidities and socioeconomic...

Breast Cancer
Cost of Care

Study Estimates Costs Associated With Metastatic Breast Cancer Treatment May Increase Substantially in the Coming Decade

A study from the UNC Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention (HPDP) estimates that annual costs associated with metastatic breast cancer treatment among women in the United States will total $152.4 billion in 2030—nearly two and a half times the estimate for 2015 costs—due to an increase ...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Pregnancy Outcomes and Maternal Complications Among Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that breast cancer survivors were less likely to have subsequent pregnancy vs the general population and more likely to have preterm birth. However, no reduction...

Breast Cancer
COVID-19

Initial Pandemic-Related Disruptions in Breast Cancer Care May Result in Increased Mortality Over the Next Decade

During the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, elective medical procedures, including screenings for breast cancer, were curtailed to prioritize urgent medical needs and reduce the risk of spreading the coronavirus in health-care settings. A study showed that, as of May 2020, preventive...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Pertuzumab Plus T-DM1 for HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a Canadian population-based retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ethier et al identified real-world survival outcomes among women receiving pertuzumab and trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) for stage IV HER2-positive breast cancer, observing that outcomes appeared to be poorer than...

breast cancer

Terry P. Mamounas, MD, MPH, on Breast Cancer: Extended Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

Terry P. Mamounas, MD, MPH, of the University of Florida Health Cancer Center, discusses results from the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-42 study, which examined the Breast Cancer Index and its ability to predict whether extended treatment with letrozole benefits patients with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract 501).

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Evandro de Azambuja, MD, PhD, Discusses the Short-HER Trial

Invited discussant of the Short-HER trial, Evandro de Azambuja, MD, PhD, Head of the Medical Support Team at the Institut Jules Bordet, Brussels, acknowledged the good outcomes in low- and intermediate-risk patients treated with either a short or long duration of trastuzumab but said 1 year of the...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Analysis of Short-HER Trial of Adjuvant Trastuzumab

Long-term analysis of the Short-HER trial showed that 9 weeks of adjuvant trastuzumab conveyed benefits comparable to a 1-year course in patients with early HER2-positive breast cancer deemed to be at low or intermediate risk for recurrence. High-risk patients, however, derived considerably more...

breast cancer

Melinda L. Telli, MD, on Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Talazoparib for Early HER2-Negative Disease

Melinda L. Telli, MD, of Stanford University, discusses results of a phase II study on neoadjuvant talazoparib in germline BRCA1/2 mutation–positive, early HER2-negative breast cancer. In this setting, talazoparib monotherapy was active and yielded pathologic complete response rates comparable to those observed with combination anthracycline and taxane-based chemotherapy regimens (Abstract 505).

Breast Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Reflections on Evolution of Breast Cancer Care in India Over the Past 4 Decades

India has witnessed a major paradigm shift in the field of breast cancer and its management over the past 4 decades. The discipline of medical oncology has evolved exponentially over this period—a growth that few other scientific disciplines have experienced. Interventions at the individual,...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Melinda Telli, MD

EA1131 study discussant, Melinda Telli, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Stanford University, Director of the Breast Cancer Program at the Stanford Cancer Institute, and Associate Director of the Stanford Women’s Cancer Center, commented: “At this point,1 capecitabine remains preferred as...

Breast Cancer

EA1131 Trial: Platinum Not Equal to Capecitabine for Residual Disease in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In patients with triple-negative breast cancer who have residual disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, adjuvant capecitabine remains the standard of care. In the multicenter randomized noninferiority EA1131 trial, which included primarily basal tumors, noninferiority of adjuvant platinum over...

Breast Cancer

ADAPT Trial: ‘Excellent’ Outcomes Reported With Neoadjuvant Dual HER2 Therapy in Breast Cancer

The first overall survival analysis of the WGS-ADAPT HER2+/HR– study, which evaluated neoadjuvant therapy in patients with hormone receptor–negative, HER2-positive disease, showed that treatment with pertuzumab and trastuzumab plus paclitaxel—or with the chemotherapy-free regimen of...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Disease Risk Associated With Protein-Truncating and Rare Missense Variants in Breast Cancer Risk Genes

In a study reported in TheNew England Journal of Medicine, Leila Dorling, PhD, of the Centre for Cancer Genetic Epidemiology, Departments of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, and colleagues in the international Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC),...

Breast Cancer

Is Chemotherapy Associated With Complications or Poorer Outcomes Among Women Undergoing Immediate Breast Reconstruction?

In a cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Hart et al found that treatment with either neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy was not associated with an increased risk of complications or poorer patient-reported outcomes in women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer with immediate breast...

Breast Cancer

Study Finds Reduced Treatment Delays for Patients With Breast Cancer May Improve Survival Rates

Research published by Pratt et al in Annals of Surgical Oncology showed an increase in survival rates when treatment options—surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation—are completed within 38 weeks from the time of diagnosis for patients with breast cancer.  Optimal Treatment Duration The observational...

Breast Cancer

Personalizing Treatment of Early HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

With several pivotal trials providing evidence for the escalation and de-escalation of anti-HER2 therapy in certain early breast cancer scenarios, personalized treatment is possible. How can clinicians optimize treatment by applying the studies’ findings? Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor and Chair of...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

Study Examines Impact of COVID-19 on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Programs

The total number of cancer screening tests received by women through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (Early Detection Program) declined by 87% for breast cancer and 84% for cervical cancer during April 2020 as...

Breast Cancer

Outcomes With 5 vs 2 Years of Zoledronate Treatment Following Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

In the German phase III SUCCESS A trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Friedl et al found no differences in disease-free or overall survival with 5 vs 2 years of zoledronate treatment following adjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer. Study Details In the multicenter, open-label, 2 × 2 factorial...

Breast Cancer

Beyond CDK4/6 Inhibitors in Metastatic Breast Cancer: What’s Next?

Because of their well-established efficacy, inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) are the standard of care in the treatment of hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. The question now is this: after disease progresses on a CDK4/6 inhibitor and endocrine...

Breast Cancer

Risk Factors for Early Discontinuation of Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy for Breast Cancer

In a post hoc analysis from the phase III TAILORx trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Yanez et al identified factors that may be associated with an increased and decreased likelihood of early discontinuation of adjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer. Study Details The TAILORx trial, conducted...

Breast Cancer

Improving Screening of Dense Breasts With Newer MRI Technologies

Women with dense breasts are increasingly being screened with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is clearly the best way to detect small cancers in this population, according to Elizabeth Morris, MD, FACR, FSBI, FISMRM, Professor and Chair of the Department of Radiology at the University of...

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Has Taught Me Many Life Lessons

In 2016, 2 years before I was diagnosed with stage III estrogen and progesterone receptor–positive, HER2-negative, invasive ductal carcinoma in situ in my left breast, I had felt a mass in my right breast that turned out to be a benign fibroid. When I felt a mass in my left breast one morning while ...

Breast Cancer

OlympiA Trial: Adjuvant Olaparib Extends Disease-Free Survival in BRCA-Mutated Early Breast Cancer

Adjuvant therapy with the PARP inhibitor olaparib for 1 year extended disease-free survival in patients with high-risk early-stage HER2-negative breast cancer with BRCA1/2 germline (inherited) mutations, according to a prespecified interim analysis of the phase III OlympiA trial presented at the...

breast cancer

Priya Rastogi, MD, on Breast Cancer: Predicting the Benefit of Extended Letrozole Therapy

Priya Rastogi, MD, of the University of Pittsburgh, discusses results from the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-42 trial, which evaluated the utility of the 70-gene MammaPrint assay in predicting the benefit of extended letrozole therapy in patients who had completed 5 years of adjuvant endocrine therapy (Abstract 502).

Breast Cancer

Testing of Lymph Nodes for Breast Cancer Recurrence After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

A study published by Sharp et al in The Breast Journal suggests that some patients with breast cancer may be able to forgo certain testing procedures after neoadjuvant chemotherapy without increasing their risk of cancer recurrence. Prior studies on detecting whether breast cancer has spread to...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Improving Long-Term Outcomes With Durvalumab

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses results from the phase III GeparNUEVO study, which investigated neoadjuvant durvalumab in addition to anthracycline/taxane-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with early triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract 506).

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Survivors of Early-Stage Breast Cancer Face Broad Range of Symptoms and Concerns

Patients with early-stage breast cancer may be at low risk of dying of their disease, but they experience a high burden of physical and psychological symptoms long after their treatment has ended, according to data presented during the 2021 American Society of Breast Surgeons Annual Meeting.1...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Effect of Polygenic Risk Score on Estimated Breast Cancer Risk Among Carriers of Pathogenic Variants in Predisposition Genes

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gao et al found that use of a polygenic risk score (PRS) modified the estimated risk of breast cancer among both carriers and noncarriers of established pathogenic variants in breast cancer predisposition genes. Study Details The study...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

ASCO Releases Rapid Guideline Recommendation Update for Patients With High-Risk, HER2-Negative, Germline BRCA–Mutated Breast Cancer

A new ASCO guideline update recommends offering 1 year of adjuvant olaparib to patients with high-risk, early-stage, HER2-negative breast cancer and germline BRCA mutations after completion of (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy and local treatment, including radiation. The recommendations update the 2020...

Breast Cancer

De-escalating Surgery for Women With Breast Cancer

From routine axillary lymph node dissection to sentinel lymph node surgery, the use of axillary surgery continues to evolve in breast cancer. Recently, surgical oncologists have begun to consider avoiding axillary surgery completely in patients with a low risk of node-positive disease as well as in ...

breast cancer

Geoffrey J. Lindeman, MBBS, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Venetoclax and Fulvestrant in ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Disease

Geoffrey J. Lindeman, MBBS, PhD, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses results from the phase II VERONICA study, which compared venetoclax plus fulvestrant with fulvestrant alone in women with estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-negative, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who experienced disease recurrence or progression during or after treatment with CDK4/6 inhibitor therapy (Abstract 1004).

breast cancer

Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, on Luminal Breast Cancer: Prognostic Impact of Recurrence Score, Endocrine Response, and Other Factors

Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, discusses first phase III results from a prospective high-risk cohort of patients with luminal breast cancer, which showed a good prognosis in some women with more than four positive lymph nodes and low recurrence scores. The study also showed that a lower postendocrine Ki67 index and limited tumor burden may be promising criteria for chemotherapy de-escalation strategies, even in patients with high recurrence scores (Abstract 504).

Breast Cancer

Adjuvant Platinum vs Capecitabine in Patients With Basal Subtype Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Residual Disease After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology and during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ECOG-ACRIN EA1131 trial investigated the use of adjuvant platinum vs capecitabine in patients with basal subtype triple-negative breast cancer and residual...

Breast Cancer

Cryoablation in Low-Risk Breast Cancers: Minimally Invasive Procedure With Minimal Risk

Cryoablation is emerging as a new alternative to surgical excision for smaller early-stage, low-risk breast cancers in appropriately selected patient populations, according to data presented during the 2021 American Society of Breast Surgeons Annual Meeting.1 Early 3-year results of the multicenter ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Trastuzumab Emtansine vs Paclitaxel/Trastuzumab in Stage I HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the phase II ATEMPT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sara M. Tolaney, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that adjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) resulted in “excellent” invasive disease–free survival but did not reduce clinically relevant toxicity compared with...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Targeted Therapy for Intracranial Metastatic Disease

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Erickson et al found that real-world use of targeted therapy after diagnosis of intracranial metastatic disease was associated with improved overall survival vs no use of targeted therapy in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer,...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Breast Cancer Risk Prediction Model for Childhood Cancer Survivors Who Received Chest Radiation

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) and the Dutch Hodgkin Late Effects and LATER cohorts reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Moskowitz et al developed a model for predicting the risk of breast cancer among childhood cancer survivors treated with chest...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, on Early Breast Cancer: Benefit of a De-escalated Regimen

Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, discusses results from the ADAPT HR–/HER2+ trial, which showed, for the first time, improved pathologic complete response and survival in patients with early breast cancer who were treated weekly with a de-escalated 12-week regimen of neoadjuvant paclitaxel plus pertuzumab and trastuzumab (Abstract 503).

Breast Cancer

Does Vitamin D Supplementation Improve Prognosis for Patients With Breast Cancer?

A research team has found that sufficient vitamin D levels at the time of diagnosis may be associated with improved outcomes among people with breast cancer. These findings were presented by Yao et al during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 10510). These findings are based on Kaiser...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

ADAPT: Survival Outcomes After Neoadjuvant Dual HER2 Therapy for HR-Negative, HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The first overall survival analysis of the WSG-ADAPT HR-/HER2+ study, which evaluated neoadjuvant therapy in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-negative, HER2-positive breast cancer, showed that treatment with pertuzumab and trastuzumab plus paclitaxel—or the chemotherapy-free regimen of...

Breast Cancer
Integrative Oncology

Use of Integrative Medicine by Patients With Breast Cancer

Nearly three-quarters of patients with breast cancer (73%) reported using at least one type of complementary medicine after cancer diagnosis, while surveyed oncologists believed that less than half (43%) of patients were using these approaches during cancer care. These and other findings from a...

breast cancer

Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Platinum-Based Chemotherapy vs Capecitabine

Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses phase III results from a trial that showed patients with triple-negative breast cancer who had residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy had lower-than-expected invasive disease–free survival, regardless of study treatment with platinum-based chemotherapy or capecitabine (Abstract 605).

breast cancer

Massimo Cristofanilli, MD, on Breast Cancer: Updated Analysis on Palbociclib Plus Fulvestrant

Massimo Cristofanilli, MD, of the Feinberg School of Medicine at Northwestern University, discusses updated overall survival data from the phase III PALOMA-3 trial of palbociclib plus fulvestrant in women with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer (Abstract 1000).

Breast Cancer

Efficacy of Platinum Chemotherapy vs Capecitabine for Basal-Like Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

About 80% of triple-negative breast cancers are classified as the subtype basal-like. Typically, patients with triple-negative breast cancer receive chemotherapy before surgery. The presence of residual cancer in the breast after chemotherapy signals a higher likelihood that the cancer will...

Breast Cancer
COVID-19

Study Examines Relationship Between Risk of COVID-19 Infection and Breast Cancer Treatment

In a study led by researchers at NYU Langone Health and its Perlmutter Cancer Center involving more than 3,000 women treated for breast cancer at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City, only 64 patients, or 2% of the total study population, contracted the virus. Of this group, 10 died ...

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