Advertisement

Advertisement

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Physical Activity and All-Cause Mortality Among Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Survivors

In a cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Chen et al found that postmenopausal breast cancer survivors with exercise patterns categorized as active or moderately active had significantly reduced risk for all-cause mortality compared to those with patterns categorized as insufficiently...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Colorectal Cancer
COVID-19

Breast, Cervical, and Colorectal Cancer Screening Rates Before vs After the COVID-19 Pandemic

In a U.S. cross-sectional study reported in JAMA Oncology, Oakes et al found that as of December 2021, breast, cervical, and colorectal cancer screening rates remained below pre–COVID-19 pandemic levels, despite initial rebounds in some rates. Reduced screening rates were accompanied by reduced...

Breast Cancer
Cost of Care

High Deductibles May Discourage Patients From Receiving Additional Testing After an Abnormal Mammogram

Twenty percent of patients are likely to forgo additional testing after an abnormal finding on a screening mammogram if there is a deductible, according to new findings presented at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) 2022 Annual Meeting. Background As health-care costs and insurance...

Breast Cancer

Presence of Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes Following Neoadjuvant Treatment May Contribute to Worse Survival in Patients With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Patients with HER2-positive breast cancer may be less likely to survive if their initial treatment fails to eradicate the tumor completely and they have high levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes in their residual tumors, according to a new study published by Miglietta et al in the European...

Breast Cancer

Intraoperative Ultrasound vs Wire Localization in Surgery for Ductal Carcinoma in Situ

Using intraoperative ultrasound to guide surgery for patients with ductal carcinoma in situ may yield better results than the standard technique of using a wire inserted into the breast, according to a new study published by Esgueva et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The findings were also...

Breast Cancer

ALND vs Axillary Radiotherapy in Sentinel Node–Positive Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Bartels et al, 10-year outcomes from the phase III EORTC 10981-22023 AMAROS trial were similar with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) vs axillary radiotherapy in patients with cT1–2, node-negative breast cancer and a positive sentinel node...

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Advocate and Chief of Surgical Oncology at Howard University, Lori Wilson, MD, FACS, Dies

Lori Wilson, MD, FACS, was the first woman to hold the surgical oncology division chief position at Howard University Hospital and the first woman to be promoted to full professor in surgery at Howard University College of Medicine. Known as a fierce advocate for patients with cancer in underserved ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Julia Tchou, MD, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Radiation Boost Plus Pembrolizumab

Julia Tchou, MD, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses preliminary results of the phase Ib/II BreastVax study, which suggested a single preoperative pembrolizumab dose plus a tumor-targeting radiation boost may result in pathologic response in patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract 644).

Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Importance of Screening Programs in Diagnosing Cancer in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Researchers have discovered that patients with type 2 diabetes who develop cancer are more likely to be diagnosed with advanced disease if they do not undergo routine screenings, according to a new study published by Jansana et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The new findings were also...

Breast Cancer

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan for Advanced HER2-Low Breast Cancer

On August 5, 2022, fam-trastuzumab deruxte-can-nxki was approved for patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-low (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 1+ or IHC 2+/in situ hybridization–negative) breast cancer who have received prior chemotherapy in the metastatic setting or developed disease...

Breast Cancer

Personalized Breast Cancer Screening Model May Improve Outcomes and Reduce Overdiagnosis

Researchers have created a model for predicting an individual’s breast cancer risk that could be used to create personalized breast cancer screening strategies, according to a new study published by Louro et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The research, also presented at the 13th European...

Breast Cancer

PALLAS Trial: No Benefit Reported for Adjuvant Palbociclib in Stage IIA Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In a preplanned analysis of the stage IIA cohort of the PALLAS trial, the addition of adjuvant palbociclib to standard endocrine therapy did not improve outcomes over endocrine therapy alone. This finding suggests this agent provides no benefit in reducing the risk of early relapse in patients with ...

Breast Cancer

Short Course of Radiotherapy With Concurrent Radiation Boost for High-Risk, Early-Stage Breast Cancer

A 3-week course of radiation therapy including a concomitant boost of radiation to the surgical site appears to be as safe and effective as 4 to 6 weeks of radiation therapy given with a sequential boost of radiation for patients with early-stage breast cancer who have a high risk of recurrence....

Breast Cancer

Researchers Find Changes in Blood Proteins up to 2 Years Before Breast Cancer Diagnosis

Researchers have found changes in the levels of particular proteins in patients’ blood up to 2 years before they were diagnosed with breast cancer, according to a novel study published by Hagenaars et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The study, also presented at the 13th European Breast Cancer ...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Gradual Increase in Daily Activity With Psychological Therapies May Improve Mental and Physical Health for Patients and Survivors of Breast Cancer

Patients and survivors of breast cancer may have better mental health, physical health, and quality of life when taking part in a “behavioral graded activity” in combination with psychological therapies, according to a new study published by Lahousse et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The new ...

Breast Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Intraindividual Comparison of F-18–NaF PET-CT vs Tc-99m–MDP SPECT in Detecting Bone Metastasis in High-Risk Prostate and Breast Cancers

In a Canadian phase III trial (MITNEC-A1) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bénard et al found that fluorine-18–sodium fluoride (F-18–NaF) positron-emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) was more accurate in detecting skeletal metastases vs technetium-99m–methylene diphosphonate...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Study Examines Potential Factors Leading to Recurrence of Cancers Caused by BRCA Mutations

Researchers have discovered the factors that may make breast and ovarian cancers associated with BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations more likely to recur, according to new findings published by Shah et al in Nature Communications. These mutations are known to strongly predispose women to breast and...

Breast Cancer

Evaluation of Plasmid DNA Vaccine Encoding HER2 Intracellular Domain in Patients With Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a single-institution phase I study reported in JAMA Oncology, Disis et al found that a plasmid DNA vaccine encoding the HER2 intracellular domain (ICD) was associated with primarily low-grade toxicity and induced HER2-specific type 1 T-cell responses in patients with advanced HER2-positive...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Margetuximab-cmkb vs Trastuzumab With Chemotherapy in Previously Treated Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Final Overall Survival Analysis of the SOPHIA Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, and colleagues, the final overall survival results of the pivotal phase III SOPHIA trial have shown no significant difference between margetuximab-cmkb plus chemotherapy vs trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in previously...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Prophylactic Bilateral Mastectomy Among Women With Breast Cancer and Pathogenic Variants in High-Penetrance and Moderate-Penetrance Genes

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Reid et al found that undergoing prophylactic bilateral mastectomy was as common in women with breast cancer with pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants in ATM and CHEK2 (moderate-penetrance genes) as in those with variants in BRCA1, BRCA2, or PALB2...

Breast Cancer

Used as a Biomarker, MicroRNA May Help Predict Which Patients With Breast Cancer Are More Likely to Have Cancer Recurrence

MicroRNA may be used as a biomarker to predict which patients are likely to face breast cancer recurrence and mortality, according to a new study published by Davey et al in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. While long-term outcomes have improved for patients with breast cancer, 20%...

Breast Cancer

Addition of Fluorouracil to Adjuvant Chemotherapy and Comparison of Standard vs Dose-Dense Treatment in Node-Positive Early Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Lucia Del Mastro, MD, and colleagues, end-of-study findings from the Italian phase III GIM2 trial after a median follow-up of 15 years indicate that the addition of fluorouracil to adjuvant epirubicin, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel did not improve outcomes...

Breast Cancer
Lymphoma
Survivorship

Cost-Effectiveness of COG Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines for Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors Who Received Chest Irradiation

In a cost-effective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wong et al found that only the mammography component of the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) breast cancer screening guidelines for chest-irradiated Hodgkin lymphoma survivors was cost-effective; magnetic resonance imaging...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Shom Goel, MBBS, PhD

The invited discussant of the post hoc analysis of TROPiCS-02 was Shom Goel, MBBS, PhD, Laboratory Group Leader at the University of Melbourne and a consultant oncologist at the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in Australia. Dr. Goel noted there remains much to learn about the HER2-low subset of...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

TROPiCS-02: Efficacy of Sacituzumab Govitecan Within HER2-Negative Subsets of Breast Cancer

In a post hoc analysis of the phase III TROPiCS-02 trial, sacituzumab govite­can-hziy improved efficacy outcomes in HER2-negative immunohistochemistry (IHC) subgroups.1 Results were consistent with those of the intent-to-treat population of hormone receptor–positive/HER2-negative advanced breast...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Meritxell Bellet Ezquerra, MD, PhD, and Sung-Bae Kim, MD, PhD

The MONARCH 3 study’s invited discussant, Meritxell Bellet Ezquerra, MD, PhD, a senior researcher at the Vall d’Hebron Institute of Oncology in Barcelona, commented: “The second interim analysis for overall survival in MONARCH 31 indicates a positive trend, which was also observed for the subgroup...

Breast Cancer

Overall Survival in Two Monarch Trials of Abemaciclib in Advanced Breast Cancer

Overall survival results from two trials of abemaciclib in advanced breast cancer were reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2022. Both MONARCH 3 and monarcHER previously met their primary endpoints of progression-free survival. The current results for overall...

Breast Cancer

Study Finds Nearly Half of Black Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer Never Receive Information About Clinical Trial Participation

When Stephanie L. Walker, RN, was diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer in 2015, she was not given information about an appropriate clinical trial or help navigating her way through the financial difficulties she was having after a stroke from complications of the cancer forced her to leave her...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship
Supportive Care

Effect of Smartphone Psychotherapy Apps on Fear of Recurrence Among Young Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Japanese trial (J-SUPPORT 1703) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Akechi et al found that 8-week use of smartphone psychotherapy apps was associated with significant benefits in reducing the fear of recurrence in breast cancer survivors aged 20 to 49 years. Study Details In the...

Breast Cancer

Avoidance of Surgery in Patients With Invasive Breast Cancer and Exceptional Response to Neoadjuvant Systemic Therapy

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Henry Kuerer, MD, PhD, FACS, and colleagues found radiotherapy alone among women with triple-negative or HER2-positive invasive breast cancer who had pathologic complete response on percutaneous image-guided, vacuum-assisted core biopsy (VACB)...

Breast Cancer

Concurrent Olaparib and Radiotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a French phase I trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Loap et al found that concurrent olaparib and radiotherapy was well tolerated in patients with triple-negative breast cancer who had incomplete pathologic response or unresectable disease after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Survival outcomes with the ...

Breast Cancer

Analysis of Radiotherapy and Breast Cancer Recurrence in the RxPONDER Trial

Do patients with breast cancer and a low 21-gene recurrence score need regional node irradiation to reduce their risk of locoregional recurrence? An analysis of RxPONDER trial data suggests only a randomized clinical trial devoted to this question can provide a decisive answer. An analysis of data...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Have Changes in Cancer Therapy Over Time Affected the Risk of Breast Cancer Among Female Childhood Cancer Survivors?

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in JAMA Oncology, Tara O. Henderson, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that rates of invasive breast cancer have declined over time among female survivors of childhood cancer, with the reduction appearing to be largely associated with...

Breast Cancer

3-Week Course of Radiotherapy With Concurrent Radiation Boost Found to Be Safe and Effective for Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer and Elevated Risk of Recurrence

A 3-week course of radiation therapy is as safe and effective as 4 to 6 weeks of treatment for patients with early-stage breast cancer who have a higher risk of having their tumors recur, results of a randomized phase III clinical trial show. Delivering fewer, but higher, doses of radiation...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Novel Selective Estrogen Receptor Degraders in Advanced Breast Cancer: Use of Elacestrant in the Phase III EMERALD Trial

Endocrine therapy is the foundation of first-line therapy in most patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. Many of these patients respond to endocrine therapy but eventually become resistant to it through both intrinsic and acquired resistance mechanisms....

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Elacestrant Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Standard Endocrine Therapy in Previously Treated Estrogen Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by François-Clément Bidard, MD, PhD, of the Institut Curie, Paris and Saint Cloud, and colleagues, the phase III EMERALD trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival with the oral selective estrogen receptor degrader elacestrant vs standard...

Breast Cancer

Why Are Young Adult Women Developing Later-Stage, More Aggressive Breast Cancer Than Older Women?

It has been well documented that breast cancer is the most common malignancy in adolescent and young adult (AYA) women aged 15 to 39 years, accounting for 30% of cancers among this population.1 In addition, 5.6% of all invasive breast cancers occur in AYA women.1 A presentation by Rebecca H....

Breast Cancer

Multicenter Study Sheds Light on Features of Invasive Lobular Carcinoma

A multicenter analysis of patients with invasive lobular carcinoma—the second most common histologic subtype of invasive breast cancer in the United States—showed that, despite its prevalence, invasive lobular carcinoma was detected later with worse outcomes vs invasive ductal carcinoma and had...

Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Colorectal Cancer

Use of Remote Interventions Increased Adherence to Cancer Screenings Among Women in Rural Areas

Studies show that rural populations experience greater cancer disparities across the cancer control continuum—from prevention and incidence to survivorship and mortality—compared with their urban counterparts. Those living in rural parts of the United States also tend to have lower cancer screening ...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Regina Barragán-Carrillo, MD, on Breast Cancer Screening in the Transgender Population

Regina Barragán-Carrillo, MD, of Mexico’s National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition Salvador Zubirán, discusses her findings showing that currently, physicians have limited knowledge about breast cancer screening in transgender patients. Were this topic addressed with widespread information, it could possibly reduce the health-care inequalities faced by this diverse group of patients (Abstract 71).

Breast Cancer
Supportive Care

Silicone-Based Polyurethane Film May Reduce Acute Radiation Dermatitis in Patients With Breast Cancer

Mepitel Film—a silicone-based polyurethane film dressing—may be beneficial in reducing skin toxicities caused by radiation treatment, according to data presented during the October 2022 session of the ASCO Plenary Series by Chow et al (Abstract 390226). Results of the phase III trial showed the...

Breast Cancer

No Benefit for Adjuvant Palbociclib in Stage IIA Breast Cancer: Analysis From the PALLAS Trial

In a preplanned analysis of the PALLAS trial, the addition of adjuvant palbociclib to standard endocrine therapy did not improve outcomes over endocrine therapy alone in patients with stage IIA breast cancer. Palbociclib offered no additional benefit in terms of invasive disease–free survival (the...

Breast Cancer
Sarcoma

Prevalence of and Risks for Thoracic Soft-Tissue Sarcomas in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a retrospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Veiga et al found that receipt of radiotherapy was the strongest risk factor for development of thoracic soft-tissue sarcomas in U.S. breast cancer survivors; both hypertension and diabetes were significant risk factors for...

Breast Cancer
Palliative Care
Survivorship

ASCO Launches Webinar Series to Close the Global Divide Between Survivorship and Palliative Care in Breast Cancer

In honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month and World Hospice & Palliative Care Day, ASCO and its partners—the International Association for Hospice & Palliative Care; Tómatelo a Pecho, A.C.; the University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center and Institute for Advanced Study of the ...

Breast Cancer

David Cescon, MD, PhD, Comments on the MONALEESA Analyses

David Cescon, MD, PhD, Clinician Scientist at the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre in Toronto, Canada, was the invited discussant of the two MONALEESA analyses.1,2 He noted that the most recent overall survival analysis, presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2021,...

Breast Cancer

MONALEESA Analyses Show Widespread Benefit for Ribociclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

Further analyses of the ­MONALEESA metastatic breast cancer trials have shown that the benefit of ribociclib plus endocrine therapy in the first-line setting extends to most intrinsic molecular subtypes and is consistent across multiple subgroups. The studies were presented at the 2021 San Antonio...

Breast Cancer

MONALEESA-3: Ribociclib Plus Fulvestrant Improves Overall Survival Over Fulvestrant Alone in the First-Line Setting

In an updated analysis of the phase III MONALEESA-3 trial, which included postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer, first-line treatment with ribociclib plus fulvestrant added nearly 16 months of overall survival time vs fulvestrant...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Debu Tripathy, MD

Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor and Chair of Breast Medical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, shared his thoughts on TROPiCS-02 with The ASCO Post. He said the study is important because it addresses the needs of “a population with limited options, whose...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

TROPiCS-02 Sacituzumab Govitecan Effective in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

For advanced breast cancer that is hormone receptor–positive and HER2-negative, sacituzumab govitecan-hziy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 34% over physician’s choice of treatment, based on the results of the phase III TROPiCS-02 trial.1 The heavily pretreated patients in...

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer 2021–2022 Almanac

The past year has seen an unprecedented number of practice-changing advances across all three major breast cancer subtypes. For patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy plus pembrolizumab firmly entered the standard of care based on improvements in...

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement