Advertisement

Advertisement

Breast Cancer

IDEA Trial: Might Radiation One Day Be Safely Omitted for Younger, Favorable-Risk, Postmenopausal Patients With Breast Cancer?

Investigators used low recurrence scores on a genomic assay as guidance for selection of favorable-risk patients, and they found most postmenopausal patients (aged 50–69) with stage I hormone receptor–positive breast cancer who omitted adjuvant radiation therapy but continued endocrine therapy for...

Breast Cancer

Enobosarm in Previously Treated Patients With AR-Positive, ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

In a phase II trial (Study G200802) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Palmieri et al found that the novel selective androgen receptor (AR) modulator enobosarm was active in previously treated patients with AR-positive, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic...

Breast Cancer

Long-Term Follow-up of the Anthracyclines in Early Breast Cancer (ABC) Trials

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Charles E. Geyer Jr, MD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of the ABC trials (USOR 06-090, NSABP B-46-I/USOR 07132, and NSABP B-49 [NRG Oncology]) showed that noninferiority of adjuvant nonanthracycline therapy was not demonstrated vs...

Breast Cancer
Pain Management
Symptom Management

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy for Late Local Toxic Effects in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Radiotherapy for Breast Cancer

In a Dutch study (HONEY) reported in JAMA Oncology, van der Molen et al found that patients with breast cancer and late local toxic effects after adjuvant radiotherapy who completed hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) had reductions in pain and fibrosis. However, only a minority of patients offered...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Does Annual Breast Cancer Screening Starting at Age 40 Offer Benefit?

Investigators have found that annual breast cancer screening beginning at age 40 and continuing to at least 79 may result in the greatest reduction in mortality with minimal risks, according to a recent study published by Monticciolo et al in Radiology. Background Breast cancer is the second most...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Genetic Alterations Associated With Interval Breast Cancer Diagnosis

In a Swedish study reported in JAMA Oncology, Rodriguez et al identified characteristics of interval breast cancers—those diagnosed between two screening examinations—compared with screen-detected cancers on the basis of analysis of rare germline genetic deleterious protein-truncating variants. As...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Does Risk-Reducing Mastectomy Reduce the Risk of Breast Cancer—and Mortality?

Investigators have found that risk-reducing mastectomy decreases the risk of receiving a breast cancer diagnosis and the likelihood of mortality in female patients with BRCA1 or BRCA2 genetic variants, according to a recent study published by Metcalfe et al in the British Journal of Cancer....

Breast Cancer

Adjuvant Olaparib for Germline BRCA1/2-Mutant, High-Risk HER2-Negative Early Breast Cancer: Patient-Reported Outcomes From the OlympiA Trial

In a patient-reported outcomes analysis from the phase III OlympiA trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Patricia A. Ganz, MD, FASCO, and colleagues found no clinically important differences in fatigue—the outcome of primary interest—between adjuvant olaparib and placebo in patients...

Breast Cancer

Triplet for Advanced HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

A novel three-drug combination achieved notable responses in patients with advanced HER2-negative breast cancer, according to new research published by Roussos Torres et al in Nature Cancer. The regimen included a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor combined with two types of checkpoint...

Breast Cancer

Molecular Subtype–Based Therapy in the First-Line Treatment of Metastatic or Recurrent Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a Chinese single-institution phase II trial (FUTURE-SUPER) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Fan et al found that molecular subtype–based therapy produced promising results in the first-line treatment of metastatic or recurrent triple-negative breast cancer.  Study Details In the open-label...

Breast Cancer

Postmenopausal Patients With ER-Rich/HER2-Negative Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Therapies

In a phase III trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Cynthia X. Ma, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that neither neoadjuvant fulvestrant nor anastrozole plus fulvestrant improved the endocrine-sensitive disease (ESD) rate vs anastrozole alone among postmenopausal patients with phase II to III estrogen...

Breast Cancer

Invasive Breast Cancer Incidence by Race, Stage, and Hormone-Receptor Status in U.S. Women With Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Xu et al identified incidence of primary invasive breast cancer according to race/ethnicity, disease stage, and hormone receptor status among U.S. women with breast cancer aged 20 to 49 years diagnosed between 2000 and 2019. Study Details The study used...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Low-Dose Positron-Emission Mammography May Improve Breast Cancer Detection

Low-dose positron-emission mammography (PEM) may provide high sensitivity for detecting breast cancer and significantly reduce the likelihood of false-positive results, according to a recent study published by Freitas et al in Radiology: Imaging Cancer. The innovative breast imaging technique may...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Issues in Oncology

Shedding Light on Mechanisms Behind Fulvestrant Resistance in Advanced ER-Positive Breast Cancer

Researchers may have uncovered the factors contributing to hormone therapy resistance in some patients with advanced estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer, according to a recent study published by Kingston et al in Cancer Discovery. The findings may indicate drugs currently in development...

Breast Cancer
Supportive Care

Skin Microbiome and Severe Radiodermatitis in Patients With Breast Cancer

In a German single-institution study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hülpüsch et al identified skin microbiome characteristics associated with severe radiodermatitis in women receiving adjuvant radiotherapy for breast cancer. Study Details The study included 20 consecutively enrolled women who received...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

High Reoperation Rates Following Breast-Conserving Surgery May Increase Cost of Care and Risk of Complications

Investigators have uncovered high rates of reoperation following initial breast-conserving surgery in patients with breast cancer that may contribute to increased costs of cancer care and a higher risk of postoperative complications, according to a recent study published by Kim et al in the Annals...

Breast Cancer

Addition of Palbociclib to Letrozole in ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer: Overall Survival in PALOMA-2

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dennis J. Slamon, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III PALOMA-2 trial showed no overall survival benefit with the addition of palbociclib to letrozole in patients with estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer with no...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Laura Huppert, MD

Invited discussant Laura Huppert, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, Comprehensive Cancer Center, focused her remarks on the need for biomarkers for selection of immunotherapy as part of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. “Hormone...

Breast Cancer

Neoadjuvant Chemoimmunotherapy Improves Pathologic Complete Response Rates in Subgroup Analysis of KEYNOTE-756

Pembrolizumab added to neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by adjuvant pembrolizumab plus endocrine therapy improved pathologic complete responses in patients with early-stage, high-risk, estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, according to updated results of the phase III...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Heather Han, MD

Heather Han, MD, Research Director, Department of Breast Oncology, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, commented on the latest update from the NATALEE trial: “Despite the established standard adjuvant therapy, many patients with hormone receptor–positive, early-stage breast cancer (including stages...

Breast Cancer

NATALEE Trial: Long-Term Results on Ribociclib Combination Therapy in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Invasive disease–free survival continued to be significantly improved for patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative, early-stage breast cancer who received the CDK4/6 inhibitor ribociclib plus a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor compared with a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor alone....

Breast Cancer

My Breast Cancer Experience Has Led Me to Leverage My Expertise in Human-Centered Design to Transform Patient Care

The road to my breast cancer diagnosis in 2018 was long and tortuous. For 3 years leading up to the diagnosis, I had imaging scans and tissue biopsies every 3 months because of suspicious masses in my breasts. The uncertainty was so destabilizing that I was in a constant state of emotional unrest....

Breast Cancer

Overall Survival and Long-Term Outcomes in the monarchE Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Priya Rastogi, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of overall survival in the phase III monarchE trial showed no significant benefit with the addition of 2 years of adjuvant abemaciclib to endocrine therapy in patients with hormone...

Breast Cancer

Novel PI3K Inhibitor as Part of Triplet Improves Outcomes in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

The addition of inavolisib to first-line treatment with palbociclib plus fulvestrant more than doubled progression-free survival in patients with recurrent PIK3CA-mutated, hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer, according to a late-breaking primary analysis of the phase III ...

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Trial Update on Pembrolizumab Plus Olaparib vs Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses data from the phase II KEYLYNK-009 study, which compared pembrolizumab plus olaparib vs pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy after induction with pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy for patients with locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract GS01-05).

breast cancer

Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, on Early-Stage Breast Cancer: 5-Year Outcomes With Endocrine Therapy and Breast-Conserving Surgery

Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, of Emory University Winship Cancer Institute, discusses the IDEA trial of endocrine therapy without radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery for postmenopausal patients between the ages of 50 and 69 with stage I breast cancer. The regimen demonstrated a low risk of relapse in this population, with a genomic assay used in combination with classic clinical and biological features for treatment selection (Abstract GS02-08).

breast cancer

Seema Khan, MD, on Ductal Carcinoma in Situ: Central MRI and a 12-Gene Expression Assay to Optimize Local Therapy

Seema Khan, MD, of Northwestern University and the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the 5-year clinical outcomes of ECOG-ACRIN 4112, a prospective trial that supports the omission of radiotherapy after surgery in patients with ductal carcinoma in situ who have a low DCIS score and its use in patients with intermediate/high DCIS scores (Abstract GS03-01).

Breast Cancer
Supportive Care

Young Women With Breast Cancer: Discussing vs Pursuing Fertility Preservation

In 2023, nearly 300,000 new cases of invasive breast cancer were diagnosed in the United States, and approximately 56,000 new cases of ductal carcinoma in situ were diagnosed. Although most of those cancers are diagnosed in older adults, about 9% of all new cases of breast cancer are found in women ...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Genetic Identification of Women at Lower Risk of Breast Cancer

In a retrospective analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Bolze et al identified a group of women at low risk for breast cancer based on genetic analysis. The findings may support altering cancer screening in this low-risk group. As stated by the investigators, “Genetic information is not being used...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

A New Approach to Identifying Consumer Products That Contain Cancer-Causing Chemicals

Researchers may have uncovered a novel strategy to predict whether synthetic chemicals may cause breast cancer by examining their specific traits, according to a recent study published by Kay et al in Environmental Health Perspectives. Background The incidence of breast cancer—the most common...

Breast Cancer

Long-Term Follow-up Supports Postneoadjuvant T-DM1 Over Trastuzumab in Early, High-Risk, HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

At a median follow-up of 8.4 years, adjuvant use of ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) continued to improve invasive disease–free survival and overall survival compared with trastuzumab in patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer with residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant therapy. These ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Carboplatin in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Researchers have evaluated the efficacy of atezolizumab in combination with carboplatin in patients with triple-negative breast cancer, according to a recent study published by Lehmann et al in JAMA Oncology. The new findings may help researchers better understand biomarkers of immunotherapy...

Breast Cancer

Patients With Advanced Breast Cancer May Gain Multiple Benefits From Exercise as Part of Palliative Care

Although current ASCO guidelines recommend exercise for patients with breast cancer during adjuvant therapy with curative intent, the guidelines state that more study is needed regarding the effects of exercise for patients with metastatic breast cancer. The results of the PREFERABLE-EFFECT trial...

Breast Cancer

Some Patients With Breast Cancer May Safely Avoid Locoregional Irradiation After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

It may be possible for some patients with breast cancer to avoid adjuvant regional nodal irradiation safely, according to the results of the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-51/RTOG 1304 clinical trial presented at the 2023 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium.1 These findings particularly apply to patients...

Breast Cancer

Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Several Treatment Response Trajectories Identified

Investigators analyzed cells within triple-negative breast cancers before and after radiation therapy combined with pembrolizumab and identified three patient groups with different responses to the treatment. Their study, published by Shiao et al in Cancer Cell, found that for some patients with...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Patient Choice of Location for Breast Cancer Surgery

Investigators have found that involving patients as partners in the treatment decision-making process may be a critical aspect of patient-centered care, according to a recent study published by Aggarwal et al in Cancer. Study Methods and Results In the study, the investigators used 2016 to 2018...

Breast Cancer

Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Breast Cancer Risk in Premenopausal Women

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Timmins et al, a pooled analysis of 19 international cohorts showed that high vs low self-reported leisure-time physical activity was associated with a reduced risk of premenopausal breast cancer.  Study Details The study used individual-level data ...

Breast Cancer

Lapatinib Increases Overall Survival in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer and HER2-Positive CTCs

A recent study showed that the HER2-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor lapatinib was associated with improved overall survival in patients with initially HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer and HER2-positive circulating tumor cells (CTCs). These findings were published by Fehm et al in Clinical...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer

Addition of SBRT to Standard-of-Care Systemic Therapy in Oligoprogressive Disease

In the phase II CURB trial reported in The Lancet, Chiaojung Jillian Tsai, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) to standard-of-care systemic therapy was associated with improved progression-free survival in the total study population of patients...

Breast Cancer

Baseline Estradiol and Prevention of Breast Cancer in High-Risk Postmenopausal Women

In an analysis from the IBIS-II prevention trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Jack Cuzick, PhD, and colleagues found that increasing the ratio of baseline estradiol level to sex hormone–binding globulin (SHBG) was associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in high-risk postmenopausal...

breast cancer

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, on Early-Stage TNBC: Updated Survival Results From KEYNOTE-522

Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London and Barts Cancer Institute, discusses phase III findings from KEYNOTE-522 showing that neoadjuvant pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy followed by adjuvant pembrolizumab continues to show a clinically meaningful improvement in event-free survival compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone in patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) (Abstract LBO1-01).

breast cancer

Cynthia X. Ma, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Early Results on Copanlisib, Fulvestrant, and Abemaciclib

Cynthia X. Ma, MD, PhD, of Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, discusses phase I findings showing the safety and tolerability of copanlisib and fulvestrant in combination with continuous or intermittent abemaciclib in patients with estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. Preliminary antitumor activity, which was observed, will be further examined in the phase II trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT03939897) (Abstract PS17-06).

Breast Cancer

5-Year Outcomes of the IDEA Trial: Omission of Radiotherapy After Breast-Conserving Surgery for Low-Risk Patients

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, and colleagues, a 5-year analysis of the IDEA trial showed a very low rate of recurrence with the omission of radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery in patients at low clinical and genomic risk for disease ...

Breast Cancer

HER2CLIMB-02: Tucatinib Plus T-DM1 Extends Progression-Free Survival vs T-DM1 Alone in Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

Adding the antibody-drug conjugate ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) to the HER2-targeted agent tucatinib extended progression-free survival by about 2 months vs treatment with T-DM1 alone among patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer, according to...

breast cancer

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Advanced Breast Cancer: Patient-Reported Outcomes From the CAPItello-291 Trial

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses patient-reported outcomes from the phase III CAPItello-291 study; the trial centered on adding capivasertib to fulvestrant in patients with aromatase inhibitor–resistant, hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer. Patients treated with capivasertib and fulvestrant reported maintained health-related quality of life longer than those treated with placebo and fulvestrant (Abstract PS02-02).

breast cancer

Eleftherios P. Mamounas, MD, on Locoregional Irradiation, Axillary Lymph Node Involvement, and Conversion to Negative Nodes

Eleftherios P. Mamounas, MD, of Orlando Health Cancer Institute, discusses primary outcomes from the NRG Oncology/NSABP B-51/RTOG 1304 study of locoregional irradiation in patients with biopsy-proven axillary node involvement at presentation who become pathologically node-negative after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (Abstract GS02-07).

breast cancer

Daniel Kates-Harbeck, MD Candidate, and Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, on Personalizing Breast Cancer Management With AI: Novel Approach to Predicting Outcomes

Nadia Harbeck, MD, PhD, of LMU University Hospital and Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, and Daniel Kates-Harbeck, of the West German Study Group and an MD Candidate at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, discuss a learning-based neural network developed by Mr. Kates-Harbeck to predict treatment outcomes in early breast cancer as well as potentially other tumor types (Abstract PO 04 1-10).

breast cancer

Luca Gianni, MD, on Locally Advanced, HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: New Data on Neoadjuvant Therapy and Atezolizumab

Luca Gianni, MD, of Milan’s Fondazione Michelangelo, discusses findings from the APTneo Michelangelo trial, which showed that adding atezolizumab to chemotherapy and trastuzumab plus pertuzumab did not significantly increase the rate of pathologic complete response (pCR) in women with HER2-positive breast cancer. An exploratory analysis showed that adding atezolizumab to neoadjuvant anthracycline and cyclophosphamide followed by HPCT (trastuzumab + pertuzumab and chemotherapy) led to higher pCR rates than HPCT and atezolizumab (Abstract LBO1-02).

breast cancer

Oleg Gluz, MD, on Response to Endocrine Therapy: Findings From the ADAPTcycle Trial

Oleg Gluz, MD, of the West German Study Group and Breast Center Niederrhein, discusses the impact of age and ovarian function suppression in response to preoperative endocrine treatment for both pre- and postmenopausal patients with early-stage breast cancer. He describes ways in which the outcome data of the ADAPTcycle study might influence clinical decisions (Abstract LBO1-05).

breast cancer

Barbara Pistilli, MD, on HR+, HER2– Advanced Breast Cancer: Update on Capivasertib Plus a CDK4/6 Inhibitor and Fulvestrant

Barbara Pistilli, MD, of France’s Gustave Roussy, discusses a phase Ib analysis from the CAPItello-292 study, which showed capivasertib plus palbociclib plus fulvestrant was tolerable at all dose levels in heavily pretreated patients with hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer. As data collection continues, evidence of clinical activity has been observed in patients treated with the recommended phase III dose (Abstract PS12-09).

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement