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Breast Cancer

Talazoparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

On October 16, 2018, the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor talazoparib (Talzenna) was approved for the treatment of patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated, HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer.1,2 Patients must be selected for...

breast cancer

SABCS 2018: Does Adjuvant Capecitabine Improve Outcomes in Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer?

Treating patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer with capecitabine after surgery and standard chemotherapy did not significantly improve disease-free or overall survival compared with observation, according to data from the randomized, phase III GEICAM/CIBOMA clinical trial...

breast cancer

SABCS 2018: KATHERINE Trial: Adjuvant Ado-Trastuzumab Emtansine vs Trastuzumab in Early-Stage HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The phase III KATHERINE clinical trial compared the use of ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1; Kadcyla) vs trastuzumab (Herceptin) as adjuvant therapy in patients with HER2-positive early-stage breast cancer with residual invasive disease after receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy and...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Discontinuation of Follow-up Care Among Women With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study using linked Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare data reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Quyyumi et al found that 21% of women with early-stage breast cancer discontinued follow-up care within 5 years after diagnosis. Study Details The study involved...

breast cancer

EORTC-NCI-AACR: Genomic Testing in Breast Cancer May Enhance Personalized Treatment: Update of I-SPY 2

New results from the long-running I-SPY 2 trial, which aimed to identify which new drugs or combinations of drugs are most effective in which types of breast cancer, demonstrated the usefulness of two genomic tests. Laura van ‘t Veer, PhD, leader of the Breast Oncology Program at the...

Issues in Oncology
Genomics/Genetics
Breast Cancer

ADVISE PATIENTS ABOUT THE IMPLICATIONS OF RACIAL DISPARITIES FOR BREAST CANCER SCREENING

“BLACK WOMEN are more likely to develop breast cancer at a younger age, compared with white American women, and at all ages, younger and older individuals are more likely to develop triple-negative breast cancers,” Lisa A. Newman, MD, MPH, told The ASCO Post. “So, I think it is very clear that if...

Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Obligation to Evaluate Racial/Ethnic Features That May Affect Outcomes for Patients With Breast Cancer

"WE ABSOLUTELY have an obligation to evaluate all of the features describing our patients with cancer when we are trying to figure out why some patients do better than others,” Lisa A. Newman, MD, MPH, reminded the nearly 700 participants at the 2018 Lynn Sage Breast Cancer Symposium, hosted by...

Breast Cancer

Quality of Life With Postmastectomy Radiotherapy vs No Radiotherapy in Intermediate-Risk Breast Cancer

In a 2-year follow-up of the phase III SUPREMO trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Galina Velikova, PhD, of the Leeds Cancer Centre, St. James’s University Hospital, United Kingdom, and colleagues found worse chest wall symptoms in women with intermediate-risk breast cancer who did vs did not...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Adverse Mental Health Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a systematic review of the literature reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Carreira et al found that most evidence strongly supports increased risk of anxiety, depression, neurocognitive dysfunction, and other forms of psychological issues in survivors of breast...

Breast Cancer

Radiotherapy Reduces Risk of Recurrence by More Than 70% in Some Patients With Ductal Carcinoma in Situ

Radiation therapy after breast-conserving surgery reduced the already-low risk of recurrence by more than 70% in patients with defined “good-risk” breast cancer, according to a long-term clinical trial report presented at the 2018 Annual Meeting of the American Society for Radiation Oncology...

Breast Cancer

Impact of Palbociclib on Survival in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Much anticipated overall survival data for palbociclib (Ibrance) plus fulvestrant (Faslodex) in advanced breast cancer were presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress.1 Although overall survival in PALOMA-3 was not designed to detect a statistically significant...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With vs Without Anthracyclines Plus Dual HER2 Inhibitors in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the Dutch Breast Cancer Research Group’s phase III TRAIN-2 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, van Ramshorst et al found no difference in pathologic complete response rate with neoadjuvant chemotherapy with vs without an anthracycline plus dual HER2 blockade in women with HER2-positive...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancer
lymphoma
pancreatic cancer
gastroesophageal cancer
bladder cancer
symptom management
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Pipeline: What’s New in Biosimilars, Drug Reviews, Designations, and More

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently issued the following new approvals and designations: Approval for Pegfilgrastim Biosimilar The FDA recently approved a pegfilgrastim biosimilar, pegfilgrastim-cbqv (Udenyca). The biosimilar has been approved to decrease the incidence...

breast cancer

Patient-Reported Cosmetic Outcomes With Radiotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Shaitelman et al, 3-year outcomes of a phase III noninferiority trial indicate that hypofractionated whole-breast irradiation (HF-WBI) followed by a tumor bed boost is not inferior to conventionally fractionated whole-breast irradiation (CF-WBI)...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Giuseppe Curigliano, MD, PhD

“IMPASSION130 IS a positive study of immuno-oncology that brings breast cancer into the immunotherapy era,” said the invited discussant of the trial, Giuseppe Curigliano, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Oncology at the University of Milan and Chair of Early Drug Development at the Institute of...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Improves Survival in a Subset of Patients With Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

IMMUNOTHERAPY APPEARS to be the new upfront standard of care for patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, based on a late-breaking presentation at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress1 and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine.2 In ...

breast cancer

Final Analysis of SWOG POEMS: Goserelin and Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer

Final results of SWOG Cancer Research Network’s international Prevention of Early Menopause Study (POEMS) showed continued evidence that women who get injections of the hormone drug goserelin along with standard breast cancer chemotherapy are more likely to become pregnant, without developing ...

breast cancer
survivorship

Whole-Genome Sequencing May Help Identify Young Childhood Cancer Survivors at High Risk for Breast Cancer

Female survivors of childhood cancer, especially those treated with chest irradiation, have a substantially higher risk of developing breast cancer later in life. As a result, current clinical screening of this high-risk population relies primarily on the radiation dose and volume to the...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

The Persephone Trial Reconsidered

Persephone is a 4,088-patient trial that Helena Margaret Earl, MBBS, PhD, reported at the 2018 ASCO Annual Meeting as establishing that 6 months of trastuzumab (Herceptin) is not inferior to 12 months in 4-year survival without invasive or local regional recurrence or distant metastases. Dr. Earl...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

The Persephone Trial Reconsidered

The Persephone presentation by Helena Margaret Earl, MBBS, PhD, got a lot of publicity after a pre–ASCO Annual Meeting press release, suggesting that 6 months of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) is enough. The advice of experts has been that the evidence is inconclusive, but I have not heard a...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Prognostic Risk Model for African American Women With Breast Cancer

A prognostic model developed using a machine learning approach may be able to identify African American patients with breast cancer who have an increased risk of death, according to results of a study presented by Bhattarai et al at the 11th AACR Conference on The Science of Cancer Health...

breast cancer

Quality of Life With Postmastectomy Radiotherapy vs No Radiotherapy in Intermediate-Risk Breast Cancer

In a 2-year follow-up of the phase III SUPREMO trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Velikova et al found worse chest wall symptoms in women with intermediate-risk breast cancer who did vs did not receive postmastectomy radiotherapy. No other differences in quality-of-life outcomes were found ...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: HOBOE-2: Zoledronic Acid in Premenopausal Hormone Receptor–Positive Early Breast Cancer

Adjuvant treatment with zoledronic acid, plus hormonal therapy with the aromatase inhibitor letrozole, significantly increases disease-free survival compared to tamoxifen in premenopausal women with hormone receptor–positive early breast cancer, according to results reported by Perrone et al...

breast cancer

Novel Statistical Model in Estimating the Risk of Breast Cancer Recurrence

Although population-based cancer registries data are useful in tracking and reporting the evolving burden of cancer in the population, the information they capture reflects the outcomes of diagnosis and death, regardless of whether the death is due to the disease or to other causes, and not data on ...

breast cancer

2018 ASTRO: Radiation After Breast-Conserving Surgery in 'Good-Risk' DCIS

A subset of patients with low-risk breast cancer is highly unlikely to see cancer return following breast conservation surgery, but can lower that risk even further with radiation therapy, finds a new long-term clinical trial report. These 12-year follow-up data from the only prospective,...

breast cancer

2018 ASTRO: FAST Trial Finds Long-Term Side Effects Similar for Once-Weekly and Conventional Breast Radiation Therapies

In a 10-year study of women who received radiation therapy to treat early-stage breast cancer, those receiving fewer, larger individual radiation doses experienced similarly low rates of late-onset side effects as those undergoing conventional radiation therapy. Findings from the...

Solid Tumors
Breast Cancer

Talazoparib Approved for BRCA-Mutated, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

On October 16, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved talazoparib (Talzenna), a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, for patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated, HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer. Patients must be...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Research Highlights

Sibylle Lobil, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses findings in metastatic breast cancer from the IMpassion130 trial in triple-negative disease and from the PALOMA3 and SOLAR-1 trials in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative disease (Abstracts LBA1_PR, LBA2_PR, LBA3_PR).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, on TNBC: Combination Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina, and Sherene Loi, MD, PhD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discuss the phase III IMpassion 130 trial testing the first-line combination of the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab plus nab-paclitaxel in metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract LBA1_PR).

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: SOLAR-1: Alpelisib in Patients With PIK3CA-Mutated HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Targeting a common mutation in patients with hormone receptor (HR)–positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced breast cancer with the alpha-specific phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor alpelisib improved progression-free survival, according to...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: PALOMA-3: Palbociclib in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

Treatment with the cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitor palbociclib (Ibrance) achieved a clinically meaningful improvement in overall survival in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced breast cancer that has relapsed or ...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO 2018: IMpassion 130: Atezolizumab Plus Nab-Paclitaxel in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A combination of immunotherapy and chemotherapy improves survival in some patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer, according to late-breaking results from the IMpassion130 trial reported by Schmid et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress (Abstract...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: HDAC Inhibitor Therapy in Advanced Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer

A phase III trial presented by Jiang et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress showed activity of histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor therapy in advanced hormone receptor–positive breast cancer (Abstract 283O_PR). Endocrine therapies are the foundation of...

breast cancer

Sibylle Loibl, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Research Highlights

Sibylle Lobil, MD, PhD, of the German Breast Group, discusses findings in metastatic breast cancer from the IMpower 130 trial in triple-negative disease and from the PALOMA3 and SOLAR-1 trials in hormone receptor–positive, HER2-negative disease.

breast cancer

Matthew J. Ellis, MB, BChir, PhD, on Breast Cancer: Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy

Matthew J. Ellis, MB, BChir, PhD, of the Baylor College of Medicine, discusses data on endocrine therapy alone or in combination with targeted treatments for postmenopausal women with strongly ER-positive/HER2-negative tumors.

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: About 1 in 6 Premenopausal Patients With Early Breast Cancer Do Not Adhere to Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy

Nearly 1 in 6 premenopausal women being treated for early-stage breast cancer do not adhere adequately to tamoxifen therapy after 1 year of treatment, potentially putting themselves at increased risk of recurrence and reduced survival, reported a French prospective study at the European Society for ...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: Short-HER Trial Examines Abbreviated Course of Trastuzumab in Some HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancers

Women with HER2-positive early breast cancer with small tumors have similar disease-free survival and lower risk of cardiac toxicity with a 9-week course of adjuvant trastuzumab (Herceptin) compared to those treated for 1 year, according to a subgroup analysis of the Short-HER trial reported by...

breast cancer

FDA Approves Talazoparib for Deleterious Germline BRCA-Mutated HER2-Negative Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer

On October 16, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved talazoparib (Talzenna), a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, for patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated (gBRCAm), HER2-negative locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer....

breast cancer

Study Finds Deep Learning Can Distinguish Recalled-Benign Mammogram Images From Malignant and Negative Cases

Although digital mammography is effective in detecting early-stage breast cancer and in reducing mortality, high recall rates after a screening mammogram often result in unnecessary medical procedures, including breast biopsies, medical costs, and psychological stress for patients.   A...

breast cancer

ESMO 2018: Patients With Breast Cancer Use Twitter as a Nonmedical Forum to Share Experiences

Twitter is a place where many patients with cancer go to share and discuss their experiences of the disease, according to a recent exploratory study to be presented by Sánchez-Bayona et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2018 Congress (360P_PR). The...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Adherence to Endocrine Therapy for Breast Cancer in Black Women and White Women

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Wheeler et al found that black women reported nonadherence to endocrine therapy for breast cancer more often than white women, although no significant difference in discontinuation of treatment was observed. The study...

breast cancer

Estradiol as Potential Treatment for Subset of Triple-Negative Breast Cancers

Mayo Clinic researchers have identified estradiol as a potential new treatment for a subset of women with triple-negative breast cancer. Their findings were published by Reese et al in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. “Triple-negative...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Report Examines Shortages of Oncologists, Variation in Cancer Rates

Doximity has released a new study detailing a concerning trend that could potentially impact cancer care in the United States. Doximity researchers examined retirement trends, percentage of state-trained specialists, and prevalence of breast cancer on a city-by-city basis. The report is the...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Cognitive Outcomes Among Older Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a study (Thinking and Living with Cancer) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mandelblatt et al found that poorer cognitive function in older survivors of breast cancer was associated with chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and ApoE genotype. The ApoE ε4 allele has been associated...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Cognitive Impairment in Patients With Breast Cancer Treated With Chemotherapy

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Janelsins et al found cognitive impairment in women receiving chemotherapy for breast cancer that persisted for at least 6 months after treatment. Study Details The study, conducted within the National Cancer Institute Community Clinical...

Breast Cancer

Living a Purposeful Life Is My Revenge on Cancer

There is a lot of breast cancer in my family history. My mother was diagnosed with the disease at 44, and my paternal grandmother died of breast cancer when she was just 33, so I’ve always been diligent about performing breast self-exams— often weekly—to ensure that if I did get breast cancer, it...

Breast Cancer

Actively Recruiting Clinical Trials Focused on Targeted Therapy for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

THE INFORMATION contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on targeted therapy in HER2-positive breast cancer. These trials are studying imaging as a predictor of treatment response, combination therapies, treatments for metastatic...

Breast Cancer

An Early Love of Literature Gives Way to a Career in Breast Cancer Research for Jennifer K. Litton, MD

Breast cancer specialist Jennifer K. Litton, MD, was born and reared in Leominster, Massachusetts, a small city in the north central part of the state. “I went to parochial schools until seventh grade and then went on to high school in Worcester. Although I enjoyed science early on, I was...

breast cancer

Lurbinectedin in BRCA-Mutated and Unselected Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cruz et al found that the trabectedin (Yondelis) analog lurbinectedin was active in patients with metastatic breast cancer with germline BRCA mutations, with much lower activity in those without BRCA mutation or unknown mutation...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Paclitaxel With LCL161 in Localized Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bardia et al evaluated the effects of adding an antagonist of inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (LCL161) to paclitaxel as neoadjuvant therapy in patients with localized triple-negative breast cancer who did or did not have a tumor...

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