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Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Improves Outcomes in Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, and colleagues, analyses in the phase III KEYNOTE-522 trial have shown that the addition of pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the use of adjuvant...

Breast Cancer

Expert Point of View: Virginia Kaklamani, MD, DSc, and Minetta Liu, MD

Virginia Kaklamani, MD, DSc, Professor of Medicine and Head of the Breast Cancer Program at UT Health San Antonio MD Anderson Cancer Center, moderated a press conference where Milan Radovich, PhD, reported the robust ability of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating tumor cells to predict...

Breast Cancer

Studies Show Circulating Tumor Material May Predict Outcomes After Neoadjuvant Therapy for Breast Cancer

In early triple-negative breast cancer, the presence of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating tumor cells after neoadjuvant chemotherapy may enable risk stratification of patients for disease recurrence and may predict outcomes, according to a preplanned correlative analysis of the phase II ...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Joint Guideline Sheds Light on Management of Hereditary Breast Cancer

As germline genetic testing becomes more widespread among patients with breast cancer, recommendations for the appropriate management of patients with hereditary breast cancer are needed. Until now, no ASCO guideline has addressed the management of hereditary breast cancer, even for carriers of...

Breast Cancer

Vascular Imaging for Detection of Breast Cancer: Best of Two Worlds?

For breast imaging, contrast-enhanced mammography, which uses the anatomic imaging of a mammogram in addition to imaging neovascularity, can offer the overall screening capability of standard mammography and the sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at a fraction of the cost of MRI,...

Breast Cancer

Can Breast Cancer Surgery Be Eliminated in ‘Exceptional Responders’ to Neoadjuvant Therapy?

Can patients with breast cancer who achieve an “exceptional response” to neoadjuvant therapy safely forgo surgery? That is a question being seriously explored in multinational trials. “We’ve known for a long time that we can eliminate disease in many patients if they have chemosensitive tumors....

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Steven J. O’Day, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Clinical Benefit With Pembrolizumab Plus Imprime PGG

Steven J. O’Day, MD, of the John Wayne Cancer Institute, discusses phase II results for the combination of pembrolizumab with a novel innate immune activator, Imprime PGG, as second-line treatment for patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer ( Abstract CT073).

Breast Cancer

FAST-Forward Trial: Long-Term Outcomes With Adjuvant Hypofractionated Radiotherapy for 1 vs 3 Weeks in Early Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by Brunt et al, 5-year findings from the phase III FAST-Forward trial indicated that adjuvant radiotherapy with 26 Gy in 5 fractions over 1 week was noninferior to 40 Gy in 15 fractions over 3 weeks in preventing local tumor relapse in women with early-stage breast ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Abemaciclib/Fulvestrant/Trastuzumab for Patients With Previously Treated HR-Positive, HER2-Positive Advanced Breast Cancer

In the phase II monarcHER trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sara M. Tolaney, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of abemaciclib, fulvestrant, and trastuzumab prolonged progression-free survival vs trastuzumab plus standard-of-care chemotherapy in patients with previously treated...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Lajos Pusztai, MD, PhD, on Breast Cancer: I-SPY2 Trial on Durvalumab, Olaparib, and Paclitaxel

Lajos Pusztai, MD, PhD, of Yale Cancer Center, discusses study results on durvalumab in combination with olaparib and paclitaxel as neoadjuvant treatment in patients with high-risk HER2-negative stage II/III breast cancer. Compared with patients who received chemotherapy alone, the combination improved pathologic complete response, even in women with triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract CT011).

Breast Cancer

Avoiding Use of Prophylactic Peg-filgrastim During Paclitaxel Treatment in Dose-Dense Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Vaz-Luis et al found that the use of a prespecified algorithm enabled the avoidance of routine peg-filgrastim prophylaxis during the paclitaxel portion of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with dose-dense...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

AACR 2020: I-SPY2 Trial: Durvalumab/Olaparib/Paclitaxel ‘Graduates’ in HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

The I-SPY2 trial found that the combination of the checkpoint inhibitor durvalumab, the PARP inhibitor olaparib, and the taxane paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide as neoadjuvant therapy improved pathologic complete responses vs paclitaxel followed by doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide...

Breast Cancer

AACR 2020: Final Overall Survival Results From the Phase III EMBRACA Trial

New data from the phase III EMBRACA trial showed the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor talazoparib did not produce a statistically significant overall survival benefit for patients with locally advanced or metastatic HER2-negative germline BRCA­-mutated breast cancer. Most patients...

Breast Cancer

21-Gene Assay Recurrence Score and Risk of Locoregional Recurrence in Hormone Receptor–Positive, Node-Positive Breast Cancer

A retrospective analysis from the Southwest Oncology Group S8814 trial, reported by Wendy A. Woodward, MD, PhD, of the Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology,1 showed that a low 21-gene assay recurrence score was...

Breast Cancer

ASCENT Study Halted: Efficacy Shown Across Multiple Study Endpoints in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The phase III confirmatory ASCENT study of the antibody drug-conjugate sacituzumab govitecan will be stopped based on efficacy across multiple study endpoints following unanimous recommendation from the independent data safety monitoring committee, according to a news release issued earlier this...

Breast Cancer

Beyond CDK4/6 Inhibitors: What Subsequent Treatment Is Best?

Inhibitors of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) have changed the natural history of hormone receptor–positive metastatic breast cancer. While median progression-free survival on these drugs is approximately 27 months, the disease eventually progresses and clinicians must choose a subsequent ...

Breast Cancer

More Antibody-Drug Conjugates on the Horizon for Breast Cancer

Novel antibody-drug conjugates that target actionable cell-surface markers in metastatic breast cancer will soon expand the utility of the class that already includes ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1), according to two speakers at the 2020 Miami Breast Cancer Conference. These new agents were...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer

What’s the Current Status of Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy?

For several tumor types, can the successes achieved with immunotherapy in the metastatic and adjuvant settings be replicated in the neoadjuvant setting? An explosion in clinical trials—with more than 300 listed on ClinicalTrials.gov—point to “yes.” “The neoadjuvant use of immunotherapy is of great ...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Effect of Payer’s Utilization Management Policy on Uptake of Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Among Eligible Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ravi B. Parikh, MD, MPP, and colleagues found that a large commercial payer’s utilization management policy was associated with increased use of hypofractionated radiotherapy among eligible women with early-stage breast cancer. The investigators noted,...

Breast Cancer

FDA Approves Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy for Patients With Previously Treated Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

On April 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sacituzumab govitecan-hziy (Trodelvy) for the treatment of adult patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer who have received at least two prior therapies for metastatic disease. Sacituzumab govitecan-hziy is the first...

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management

Cognitive Impairment With Adjuvant Chemoendocrine vs Endocrine Therapy for Early Breast Cancer in the TAILORx Trial

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wagner et al found that patient-reported cognitive impairment was worse at 3 and 6 months in women with early breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemoendocrine therapy vs endocrine therapy alone in the TAILORx trial, with no significant...

breast cancer

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, on Talazoparib vs Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer: Results From the EMBRACA Trial

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses racial differences in self-reported outcomes of patients with HER2-negative, locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer and a germline BRCA1/2 mutation who received talazoparib vs physician’s choice of chemotherapy (Abstract CLO20-039).

Breast Cancer

Addition of Capecitabine to Taxane/Anthracycline Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In a Chinese phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Li et al found that the addition of capecitabine to taxane/anthracycline adjuvant therapy for triple-negative breast cancer was associated with improved disease-free survival. Study Details In the open-label multicenter...

Breast Cancer

Quantitative Microelastography for Tumor Detection in Breast-Conserving Surgical Margins

A high-resolution, three-dimensional imaging technique, when combined with quantitative measurement of tissue elasticity, could accurately detect cancer within the resected margins of surgical specimens taken from patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery, according to a study published by...

Breast Cancer

FDA Approves Tucatinib in Combination With Trastuzumab/Capecitabine for Advanced Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On April 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted approval to tucatinib (Tukysa) in combination with trastuzumab/capecitabine for adult patients with advanced unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer, including patients with brain metastases, who have received one or...

Breast Cancer
COVID-19

Multidisciplinary Recommendations for Breast Cancer Care During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS), the National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers (NAPBC), the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®), the Commission on Cancer (CoC) of the American College of Surgeons, and the American College of Radiology (ACR) have released new joint ...

Breast Cancer

Delayed Targeted Intraoperative Radiotherapy vs Whole-Breast Radiotherapy in Early Breast Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Jayant S. Vaidya, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III TARGIT-A trial showed that delayed second-procedure targeted intraoperative radiotherapy (TARGIT-IORT) was not noninferior to whole-breast external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) in preventing local recurrence of...

breast cancer

William J. Gradishar, MD, on Innovating Pathways for Patient Self-Management in Breast Cancer

William J. Gradishar, MD, of Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University, discusses the “4R Model” (Right Information, Care, Patient, and Time) which has proved to be a promising method for patient self-management. Patient care sequence plans markedly improved several aspects of patient self-management, as well as delivery of multimodality care (Abstract BPI20-017).

breast cancer

Elizabeth Reed, MD, on Helping Providers in Rural Areas Meet the Needs of Younger Patients With Breast Cancer

Elizabeth Reed, MD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center Fred & Pamela Buffett Cancer Center, talks about how she and her team sought to help rural oncology providers recognize and address the physical, psychosocial, and decision-making needs of young women with breast cancer by implementing clinical pathways and treatment guidelines (Abstract BPI20-014).

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Updates From Selected Clinical Trials in Breast Cancer

Each year, The ASCO Post asks Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, Chairman of the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Taussig Cancer Institute and Professor of Medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Lerner College of Medicine, to offer his picks for the most important research presented at 2019 San...

Breast Cancer

Inspired by Her Physician Father, Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, Tirelessly Advocates for Women’s Health and Careers in Medicine

Physician-scientist, Reshma Jagsi, MD, DPhil, was encouraged by her parents to become a politically active, socially conscious citizen of the world. “As a young woman, my mother traveled from Africa on a scholarship to the United States, where she attended the University of Wisconsin. It was in the ...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Should Restrictions on Genetic Testing Be Loosened?

The loosening of restrictions on genetic testing would mean that all health-care providers could help move this needle to where it should be, according to Kevin S. Hughes, MD, a surgeon at Massachusetts General Hospital, Professor of Surgery at Harvard Medical School, and Medical Director of the...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy ‘Comes of Age’ in Breast Cancer

Immunotherapeutics in breast cancer will likely not be limited to late-stage triple-negative breast cancer. Earlier lines, combination regimens, and expansion into different disease subtypes should become part of this emerging landscape, according to Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, Professor of Medicine...

Breast Cancer

Indigenous American Ancestry May Be Associated With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

An increased proportion of indigenous American ancestry was associated with a greater incidence of HER2-positive breast cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Research.1 “The risk of breast cancer–related mortality varies between different populations, with Latina women having a greater...

Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Approval of New Dosing for Biosimilar, Plus Two Fast Track Designations

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently approved a new dose for a biosimilar referencing trastuzumab and granted Fast Track designations to agents for patients with urothelial cancer and follicular lymphoma. Approval of Multidose Vial of Trastuzumab Biosimilar The FDA approved a...

Breast Cancer

Quality of Life After Adjuvant Radiotherapy With vs Without Tumor Bed Boost for Patients With Non–Low-Risk DCIS

In a health-related quality-of-life study reported in The Lancet Oncology, King et al found that adjuvant radiotherapy with a tumor bed boost was associated with poorer cosmetic status and arm and shoulder functional status than radiotherapy with no boost among women with non–low-risk ductal...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

End-of-Study Results From CLEOPATRA: Pertuzumab, Trastuzumab, and Docetaxel in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Sandra M. Swain, MD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of the phase III CLEOPATRA trial has shown maintained overall survival benefit with the addition of pertuzumab to trastuzumab plus docetaxel in patients with previously untreated HER2-positive metastatic...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Don’t Expect Transgender Patients to ‘Out’ Themselves

Although more transgender patients are presenting to breast centers for imaging, many “report significant social stigma when seeking care,” according to a study in the Journal of Breast Imaging.1 Reported verbal abuse and other forms of harassment “can lead to transgender patients concealing their...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Addressing the Needs of Transgender Patients for Breast Cancer Screening in Comfortable and Inclusive Environments

An analysis of breast imaging center websites and a literature search for research articles on transgender breast health found that “issues related to transgender breast imaging are not well addressed in the radiology literature or in the radiology community, even though more transgender patients...

Breast Cancer

I Wasn’t Prepared for the Emotional Turmoil of Breast Cancer

Nearly a decade ago, my mother tested positive for the BRCA1 mutation; soon after, my twin sister and I were tested for the inherited defective gene, and I learned I, too, have the BRCA1 mutation. My sister is not a carrier of the mutation. Although there is a long history of both breast and...

Breast Cancer

Neratinib Combined With Capecitabine in Previously Treated Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On February 25, 2020, neratinib (Nerlynx) was approved for use in combination with capecitabine for treatment of adult patients with advanced or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer who have received two or more prior anti–HER2-based regimens in the metastatic setting.1,2 Supporting Efficacy ...

Issues in Oncology
Prostate Cancer
Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Patients With Certain Cancers May Be at a Higher Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

People with a history of cancer have an over twofold risk of developing atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder, compared to the general population, according to research presented at the American College of Cardiology’s Annual Scientific Session (Abstract 1216-235). In...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Association of Germline Variant Status and Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in High-Risk Early Breast Cancer

In a study of the GeparOcto trial population reported in JAMA Oncology, Pohl-Rescigno et al found that presence of germline BRCA1/2 variants was associated with increased rates of complete pathologic response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in women with high-risk early breast cancer, and that a...

Breast Cancer

Digital Breast Tomosynthesis vs Digital Mammography Outcomes: Comparison Over 5 Years

A new study published by Conant et al in the journal Radiology found that the advantages of digital breast tomosynthesis over digital mammography, including increased cancer detection and fewer false-positive findings, are maintained over multiple years and rounds of screening. In addition,...

Breast Cancer

Neoadjuvant Cisplatin vs Doxorubicin/Cyclophosphamide for Patients With HER2-Negative Breast Cancer and a BRCA Mutation

In a phase II trial (INFORM; Translational Breast Cancer Research Consortium [TBCRC] 031) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nadine Tung, MD, and colleagues found that neoadjuvant cisplatin did not improve pathologic complete response rate or residual cancer burden vs...

Breast Cancer

New ASCO Guideline Highlights the Management of Male Breast Cancer

THE ANNUAL INCIDENCE of male breast cancer in the United States is dwarfed by the rate among women. Yet, for the estimated 2,670 men who will be diagnosed with breast cancer this year, life-extending and life-enhancing treatments are crucial.1 To help reduce knowledge gaps and improve mortality and ...

Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Therapy for NSCLC With Specific Mutation, Approval of Test for Cervical Cancer, and More

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to a bispecific antibody for the treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations; granted approval to a test for human...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Evaluation of Genetic Testing in NCCN Criteria for Women With Breast Cancer

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Yadav et al found that many women with breast cancer with germline pathogenic genetic variants do not qualify for genetic testing on current National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) hereditary testing criteria....

Breast Cancer

Preoperative Letrozole for Postmenopausal Patients With Estrogen Receptor–Positive DCIS

In the phase II CALGB 40903/Alliance trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, E. Shelley Hwang MD, MPH, and colleagues found that preoperative letrozole was associated with beneficial imaging and biomarker changes in postmenopausal women with estrogen receptor­ (ER)-positive ductal...

Breast Cancer

Receipt of Adjuvant vs Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Start of Treatment in Patients With Breast Cancer

Research published by Melchior et al in Cancer Medicine has indicated that starting chemotherapy before surgery does not expedite the start or completion of treatment for breast cancer vs performing surgery first. “Increasingly, patients are given [neoadjuvant] chemotherapy…This is done for breast ...

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