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Head and Neck Cancer

Novel Monoclonal Antibody Emerges as Potential First-Line Standard in Nasopharyngeal Cancer

A new first-line standard of care may be emerging for recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, based on the findings of the global phase III JUPITER-02 trial presented at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by investigators from China.1

In the study, toripalimab, an anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody, ...

Hematologic Malignancies

FDA Approves Avapritinib for Advanced Systemic Mastocytosis

On June 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the tyrosine kinase inhibitor avapritinib (Ayvakit) for adult patients with advanced systemic mastocytosis, including patients with aggressive systemic mastocytosis, systemic mastocytosis with an associated hematologic neoplasm, and...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Zanubrutinib vs Ibrutinib in Relapsed/Refractory CLL/SLL: ALPINE Trial

Zanubrutinib—a second-generation Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor—significantly improved response rates and delayed disease progression as compared to the standard of care, ibrutinib, in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), ...

Expert Point of View: Anthony TC Chan, MD

The invited discussant of the JUPITER-02 study was Anthony TC Chan, MD, the Li Shu Fan Medical Foundation Professor of Clinical Oncology at Hong King Cancer Institute and Sir YK Pao Centre for Cancer at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.

He noted that anti–PD-1/L1 therapies are at the forefront...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Alkylating Signature in Colorectal Cancer Linked to High Red Meat Intake

The association between the consumption of red and processed meats and the development of colorectal cancer, as well as pancreatic and prostate cancers, has been known since 2015, when the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified the consumption of red meat as probably...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Addition of Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin to Conventional Background Chemotherapy in Pediatric Patients With KMT2A-Rearranged AML

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Pollard et al, a subgroup of pediatric patients with KMT2A-rearranged acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in the phase III Children’s Oncology Group AAML0531 trial had improved outcomes with the addition of the CD33-targeting agent gemtuzumab ozogamicin...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

ASCO Releases Rapid Guideline Recommendation Update for Patients With High-Risk, HER2-Negative, Germline BRCA–Mutated Breast Cancer

A new ASCO guideline update recommends offering 1 year of adjuvant olaparib to patients with high-risk, early-stage, HER2-negative breast cancer and germline BRCA mutations after completion of (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy and local treatment, including radiation. The recommendations update the 2020...

Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Reduced-Intensity Conditioning Allogeneic HCT Based on Donor Availability in Older Patients With Advanced Myelodysplastic Syndrome

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nakamura et al found that use of reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in older patients with advanced myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) with an available matched donor improved overall survival vs...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Demonstrates Improvement Across Multiple Endpoints in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

In the treatment of relapsed/refractory follicular lymphoma, a comparison of data from the ZUMA-5 trial with those of the external control cohort of the SCHOLAR-5 trial showed substantial improvement in all clinical endpoints with axicabtagene ciloleucel. John G. Gribben, DSc, FRCP, FRCPath,...

Lung Cancer

Trilaciclib to Reduce Chemotherapy-Induced Bone Marrow Suppression in Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

On February 12, 2021, the cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6) inhibitor trilaciclib was approved for use to decrease the incidence of chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in adult patients when administered prior to a platinum/etoposide–containing regimen or topotecan-containing regimen for...

Breast Cancer

De-escalating Surgery for Women With Breast Cancer

From routine axillary lymph node dissection to sentinel lymph node surgery, the use of axillary surgery continues to evolve in breast cancer. Recently, surgical oncologists have begun to consider avoiding axillary surgery completely in patients with a low risk of node-positive disease as well as in ...

Colorectal Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in European Countries

In a European population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cardoso et al found that colorectal cancer incidence and mortality declined more in European countries with long-standing colonoscopy or fecal test screening programs since the year 2000 compared to countries with more recently...

Prostate Cancer

All-Cause Mortality Risk With Adjuvant vs Early Salvage Radiotherapy After Radical Prostatectomy

In a retrospective cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tilki et al found that adjuvant radiotherapy was associated with reduced risk for all-cause mortality vs early salvage radiotherapy among men at high risk for disease recurrence following radical prostatectomy.

As stated...

Gynecologic Cancers
Cost of Care

Nearly Half of Surveyed Patients With Gynecologic Cancer Report Experiencing Financial Toxicity

In a new study designed to provide a more comprehensive picture of how a diverse cohort of patients with gynecologic cancer are affected by financial distress, nearly half reported financial toxicity, which was associated with economic cost-coping strategies. These findings were reported by Esselen ...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Overall Survival Benefit With Upfront Daratumumab Plus Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In an updated analysis of the phase III MAIA trial, the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide and dexamethasone resulted in a statistically significant overall survival benefit over lenalidomide/dexamethasone alone in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who are ineligible for...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Various Treatment Regimens for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a real-world retrospective propensity-matched cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Chakiryan et al found that both first-line immunotherapy and combined treatment with targeted therapy plus immunotherapy were associated with improved overall survival vs targeted therapy alone in patients...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Are There Differences in the Prevalence of Germline Pathogenic Variants in Susceptibility Genes in Black vs White Women With Breast Cancer?

In a population-based study reported in JAMA Oncology, Susan M. Domchek, MD, and colleagues found “no clinically meaningful differences” in the prevalence of germline pathogenic variants in 12 established breast cancer susceptibility genes between Black and non-Hispanic White women with breast...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in BCG-Unresponsive High-Risk Non–Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer: KEYNOTE-057

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Arjun V. Balar, MD, and colleagues, the phase II KEYNOTE-057 trial showed that pembrolizumab produced enduring responses in a cohort of patients with high-risk non–muscle invasive bladder cancer unresponsive to bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) who were ineligible ...

Breast Cancer

Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy De-escalation Using F-18 FDG-PET Response–Based Strategy in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the European phase II PHERGain study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Pérez-García et al found that an F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography (F-18 FDG-PET) response–based strategy may be able to identify patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer who may benefit from...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Infigratinib for Metastatic Cholangiocarcinoma With an FGFR2 Fusion or Rearrangement

On May 28, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the kinase inhibitor infigratinib (Truseltiq) for adults with previously treated, unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma with a fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) fusion or ...

Issues in Oncology
COVID-19

Organizations Issue Statement Encouraging Return to HPV Vaccination

Doctors and scientists across America at National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer centers and other organizations recently issued a joint statement urging the nation’s health-care systems, physicians, parents, children, and young adults to get human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination back on ...

Survivorship

Study Examines Barriers to Survivorship Care

Even among a large group of cancer survivors who were mostly insured, college-educated, and had annual incomes above the national average, up to 10% delayed care in the previous 12 months because they simply could not afford out-of-pocket expenses like copays and deductibles. These findings were...

Gynecologic Cancers

HIPEC With Carboplatin for Platinum-Sensitive Recurrent Ovarian Cancer: Safety and Outcomes

In an MSK Team Ovary–led phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zivanovic et al found that use of hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) with carboplatin during secondary cytoreduction followed by chemotherapy did not improve 24-month progression-free survival in...

Issues in Oncology

Predictors of Emergency Department Visits After a New Diagnosis of Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Hong et al found that prior frequent emergency department use was the strongest predictor of postdiagnosis emergency department visits among patients with a new diagnosis of cancer.

Study Details

The study involved data from adults...

Hematologic Malignancies
Symptom Management

Third-Party BK Virus–Specific Cytotoxic T-Lymphocyte Therapy for BK Virus–Associated Hemorrhagic Cystitis After Stem Cell Transplant

In a single-institution phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Olson et al found that high rates of response were achieved with third-party BK virus–specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte therapy (BKV-CTL) in patients with BK virus–associated hemorrhagic cystitis after allogeneic...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Noninvasive Imaging Biomarker and Pathologic Complete Response to Neoadjuvant Pertuzumab/Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Roisin M. Connolly, MD, and colleagues, updated results of the phase II TBCRC026 trial indicate an association of early F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) maximum standardized uptake value...

Solid Tumors
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Pertuzumab/Trastuzumab Demonstrates Activity in Tissue-Agnostic Trial for Patients With HER2-Positive Tumors

Results from the phase II MyPathway basket trial found that the HER2-targeted therapies pertuzumab and trastuzumab demonstrated durable activity in patients with a wide variety of tumors marked by HER2 amplification or overexpression, although responses were limited in those with KRAS mutations....

Breast Cancer
Symptom Management
Pain Management

Study Examines Aromatase Inhibitor–Associated Musculoskeletal Symptoms in a Diverse Population With Early Breast Cancer

A clinical trial in a racially diverse group of postmenopausal women with early breast cancer to study severe pain in the bones, muscles, ligaments, tendons, and nerves caused by aromatase inhibitor treatment has found that the symptoms were more commonly reported in Black and Asian patients than...

Issues in Oncology

Community-Based Engagement Initiative Improves Accrual of Black Participants in Clinical Trials

A 5-year community outreach and engagement effort by the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania to increase enrollment of Black patients into cancer clinical trials more than doubled the percentage of participants, improving access and treatment for a group of patients with...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Ponatinib/Blinatumomab Demonstrates High Rates of Complete Molecular Response in Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

The combination of ponatinib and blinatumomab was found to be safe and highly effective in patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed/refractory Philadelphia chromosome–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The study—presented by Nicholas J. Short, MD, and colleagues during the 2021 ASCO...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

OlympiA: Adjuvant Olaparib Extends Disease-Free Survival in BRCA-Mutated Early-Stage HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

One year of adjuvant therapy with the PARP inhibitor olaparib extended disease-free survival in patients with high-risk, early-stage, HER2-negative breast cancer with BRCA1/2 germline mutations, according to a prespecified interim analysis of the phase III OlympiA trial presented by Andrew Tutt, MB ...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Toripalimab Plus Gemcitabine/Cisplatin Extends Progression-Free Survival in Recurrent or Metastatic Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma: JUPITER-02

According to the results from the phase III JUPITER-02 study, the addition of toripalimab, a humanized IgG4K anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody, to standard gemcitabine/cisplatin chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma provided superior progression-free...

Gynecologic Cancers
Pancreatic Cancer

Electronic Olfaction System Under Study as Screening Tool for Pancreatic and Ovarian Cancers

An odor-based test that detects vapors emanating from blood samples was able to distinguish between benign and pancreatic and ovarian cancer cells with up to 95% accuracy, according to a new study presented by Johnson et al during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5544). The findings suggest...

Breast Cancer
COVID-19

Study Examines Relationship Between Risk of COVID-19 Infection and Breast Cancer Treatment

In a study led by researchers at NYU Langone Health and its Perlmutter Cancer Center involving more than 3,000 women treated for breast cancer at the height of the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City, only 64 patients, or 2% of the total study population, contracted the virus. Of this group, 10 died ...

Head and Neck Cancer

Transoral Surgery Followed by Lower-Dose Radiation in Patients With HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer at Intermediate Risk of Recurrence

The phase II E3311 trial offers new information about using reduced-intensity treatment in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer who are at intermediate risk of recurrence. These findings were presented by Robert L. Ferris, MD, PhD, and colleagues during the 2021...

Gynecologic Cancers

OUTBACK Trial: No Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Standard Chemoradiation for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in Eastern, Western, Middle, and Southern Africa. Globally, in 2018, approximately 570,000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer, and 311,000 women died. In the United...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Sotorasib for KRAS G12C–Mutated NSCLC: Overall Survival and Exploratory Subgroup Analyses

Results from the phase II cohort of the CodeBreaK 100 study showed that treatment with the KRAS G12C inhibitor sotorasib achieved a 37.1% objective response rate and a median overall survival of 12.5 months in previously treated patients with KRAS G12C–mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)....

Prostate Cancer

Novel PSMA-Targeted Radiotherapy Improves Radiographic Progression-Free and Overall Survival in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Lutetium-177–PSMA-617 (Lu-177–PSMA-617)—an investigational radioligand therapy—significantly improved radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival when added to standard of care compared with standard of care alone for men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer whose...

COVID-19

Remote Monitoring Program Reduced Hospitalization Among Patients With Cancer Infected With COVID-19

A study by researchers at Mayo Clinic Cancer Center found that patients with cancer diagnosed with COVID-19 who received care at home via remote patient monitoring were significantly less likely to require hospitalization for their illness, compared to patients with cancer infected with the virus...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Extended Follow-up of Nivolumab/Ipilimumab for Metastatic Melanoma

In the longest follow-up results from a clinical trial of combination immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma, investigators report that nearly half the patients who received the drugs nivolumab and ipilimumab were alive at a median of 6.5 years after treatment. These long-term results from the...

Breast Cancer

Efficacy of Platinum Chemotherapy vs Capecitabine for Basal-Like Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

About 80% of triple-negative breast cancers are classified as the subtype basal-like. Typically, patients with triple-negative breast cancer receive chemotherapy before surgery. The presence of residual cancer in the breast after chemotherapy signals a higher likelihood that the cancer will...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy and Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab as First-Line Treatment for Patients With Advanced Esophageal Cancer

The first results from the phase III CheckMate 648 study represent significant progress in the treatment of patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. The trial evaluated first-line treatment with nivolumab plus chemotherapy or nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with advanced...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Extends Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma

Immunotherapy following surgery significantly improved disease-free survival compared to placebo among patients with high-risk clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), according to results from the international phase III KEYNOTE-564 study presented at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Toni K....

Breast Cancer
Integrative Oncology

Use of Integrative Medicine by Patients With Breast Cancer

Nearly three-quarters of patients with breast cancer (73%) reported using at least one type of complementary medicine after cancer diagnosis, while surveyed oncologists believed that less than half (43%) of patients were using these approaches during cancer care. These and other findings from a...

Pain Management
Issues in Oncology

Results of a Restrictive Opioid Prescription Protocol for Patients With Cancer Undergoing Surgery

Seeing an opportunity to safely reduce the number of opioid doses prescribed to patients with cancer, researchers proposed a new pain management guideline for all patients undergoing surgery at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center. The results from the first 6 months of that effort, reported by ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

No Survival Difference for Front-Line Combination Regimens in Intermediate- and Poor-Risk Clear Cell RCC: Real-World Outcomes

A large retrospective study of real-world patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) showed similar survival outcomes for patients with intermediate- or poor-risk disease regardless of whether they were treated with the combination of axitinib plus pembrolizumab or ipilimumab plus nivolumab. These...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

High-Dose Interferon or Ipilimumab vs Pembrolizumab for High-Risk Resected Melanoma

Patients with high-risk melanoma who had a course of pembrolizumab had longer recurrence-free survival than patients who received either ipilimumab or high-dose interferon after surgery. These findings of a large SWOG Cancer Research Network clinical trial, S1404, were presented by Grossmann et al...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

ADAPT: Survival Outcomes After Neoadjuvant Dual HER2 Therapy for HR-Negative, HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The first overall survival analysis of the WSG-ADAPT HR-/HER2+ study, which evaluated neoadjuvant therapy in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-negative, HER2-positive breast cancer, showed that treatment with pertuzumab and trastuzumab plus paclitaxel—or the chemotherapy-free regimen of...

Supportive Care
Issues in Oncology

Lay Health Worker–Led Intervention May Improve Care for Low-Income and Minority Patients With Cancer

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Manali I. Patel, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that a lay health worker­–led intervention was associated with improved documentation of goals of care, increased clinical trial participation, and increased use of palliative care in a population of...

Lung Cancer

Effect of Time to Surgery on Recurrence and Survival in Clinical Stage I NSCLC

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Heiden et al found that increased time from preoperative diagnostic computed tomography imaging and surgical treatment was associated with an increased risk of disease recurrence and poorer overall survival in patients with clinical...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 274: Adjuvant Nivolumab in High-Risk Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Dean F. Bajorin, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III CheckMate 274 trial has shown improved disease-free survival with adjuvant nivolumab vs placebo among all patients with high-risk muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma who...

Breast Cancer

Does Vitamin D Supplementation Improve Prognosis for Patients With Breast Cancer?

A research team has found that sufficient vitamin D levels at the time of diagnosis may be associated with improved outcomes among people with breast cancer. These findings were presented by Yao et al during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 10510).

These findings are based on Kaiser...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Choice of First-Line Platinum Chemotherapy Does Not Significantly Impact Efficacy of Second-Line Immunotherapy in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

In a presentation of real-world data given during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting, Miron et al concluded that the choice of first-line platinum chemotherapy did not result in a significant difference in overall survival benefit among patients with advanced bladder cancer who were able to go on to...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Issues in Oncology

More Widespread Biomarker Testing for NSCLC in Oncology Practices and More Testing in Black Patients: An Urgent Priority

Even though next-generation sequencing is recommended by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) for biomarker testing for patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the uptake among community oncology practices is suboptimal, and the uptake is even lower among Black patients with...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Issues in Oncology

Expert Point of View: Christine Lovly, MD, PhD

Invited discussant Christine Lovly, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Ingram Associate Professor of Cancer Research, Vanderbilt University Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, discussed progress in targeted therapies for NSCLC.

“We have a tremendous amount of knowledge about driver mutations in ...

Issues in Oncology

New Web-Based Lesion Selection Tool May Improve Coordination, Performance, and Management of Biopsy Specimens

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Immunotherapy and Precision Oncology, Xu et al found that the use of a Web-based lesion selection tool (LST) developed by the research team improved consistency in lesion selection for sequential biopsy. In addition, the tool improved the...

Issues in Oncology
Bladder Cancer
Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer

Inclusion of Patients With Brain Metastases in Phase III Trials in Advanced Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, and Melanoma

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Corbett et al found that the majority of phase III trials investigating systemic therapy in patients with advanced lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma over the past 20 years have excluded or restricted enrollment of those with brain...

Palliative Care

Study Finds Need to Improve Knowledge About Palliative Care Among U.S. Adults

The use of palliative care in hospitals in the United States has steadily risen over the past decade, with almost universal access to services in large hospitals and academic medical centers. Despite this increased access and recommendations from ASCO that all patients with advanced cancer receive...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-361: First-Line Pembrolizumab With or Without Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy Alone in Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYNOTE-361 trial has shown no significant improvement in progression-free or overall survival with first-line pembrolizumab plus platinum-based chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

APOLLO Trial: Addition of Subcutaneous Daratumumab to Pomalidomide/Dexamethasone in Previously Treated Patients With Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, and colleagues, the phase III APOLLO trial has shown significantly improved progression-free survival with the addition of subcutaneous daratumumab to pomalidomide/dexamethasone in patients with previously treated multiple myeloma.

...

FDA Approves New Pediatric Indication for Technetium Tc 99m Tilmanocept Injection

The Lymphoseek (technetium Tc 99m tilmanocept) injection—a radiopharmaceutical agent specifically designed for targeted lymphatic mapping and guiding sentinel lymph node biopsies—has been approved for pediatric use by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

"This new indication opens the door...

COVID-19
Global Cancer Care

Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Delivery of Oncology Services in India

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ranganathan et al quantified the enormous impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on delivery of cancer services in India.

Study Details

The study involved data from 41 cancer centers across the nation. The delivery of oncology services between March 1 and May...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Breast Cancer Risk Prediction Model for Childhood Cancer Survivors Who Received Chest Radiation

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) and the Dutch Hodgkin Late Effects and LATER cohorts reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Moskowitz et al developed a model for predicting the risk of breast cancer among childhood cancer survivors treated with chest...

Lymphoma

Addition of Copanlisib to Rituximab Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Matthew J. Matasar, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III CHRONOS-3 trial has shown that the addition of the pan-class I PI3K inhibitor copanlisib to rituximab significantly improved progression-free survival vs rituximab ...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Global Registry Analysis of NRG1 Fusion–Positive Lung Cancer

In an analysis from the global eNRGy1 registry for NRG1 fusion–positive lung cancers reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Alexander Drilon, MD, and colleagues found greater than expected heterogeneity in characteristics of disease. Additionally, patients had poor responses to cytotoxic,...

Leukemia

Ibrutinib/Venetoclax Provides Durable Remission for Patients With Newly Diagnosed CLL

The combination of ibrutinib and venetoclax was found to provide lasting disease remission in patients with newly diagnosed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Findings from a single-institution phase II study were published by Nitin Jain, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology and provide the longest ...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes From the IMbrave150 Trial in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

In an analysis from the phase III IMbrave150 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Peter R. Galle, MD, and colleagues found that patients receiving atezolizumab plus bevacizumab had better patient-reported outcomes vs those receiving sorafenib for advanced unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular ...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Targeted Therapy for Intracranial Metastatic Disease

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Erickson et al found that real-world use of targeted therapy after diagnosis of intracranial metastatic disease was associated with improved overall survival vs no use of targeted therapy in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

PET Response–Adapted Chemoradiotherapy for Esophageal and Esophagogastric Junction Adenocarcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Karyn A. Goodman, MD, and colleagues, mature results of the phase II CALGB 80803/Alliance trial indicated that treatment guided by early positron-emission tomography (PET) assessment of response to induction neoadjuvant chemotherapy improved...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD

The invited discussant of EMPOWER-Cervical 1 was Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and Chairman of the European Network of Gynaecological Oncology Trials group (ENGOT). Dr. Mirza called the findings “amazing” and predicted they will “usher in a new era” in...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Trastuzumab Emtansine vs Paclitaxel/Trastuzumab in Stage I HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the phase II ATEMPT trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sara M. Tolaney, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that adjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) resulted in “excellent” invasive disease–free survival but did not reduce clinically relevant toxicity compared with...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy With Cemiplimab-rwlc Yields Survival Benefit in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The PD-L1 inhibitor cemiplimab-rwlc has become the first immunotherapy to yield a statistically significant and clinically meaningful survival benefit in recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer progressing after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. The result was seen regardless of PD-L1 status, ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Computational Tool Suggests Optimal Treatment for Patients With High-Grade Ovarian Cancer

A mathematical tool may help to examine how doctors may coordinate available treatments for high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Published by Gu et al in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the new analysis showed that patients who can have complete debulking surgery first, with...

Expert Point of View: Henry Kuerer, MD, PhD, FACS

Henry Kuerer, MD, PhD, FACS, a cancer surgeon and researcher at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, told The ASCO Post that although this study is not practice-changing, it does offer a potential option for patients.

“The advantage of this technique is that the procedure takes just...

Breast Cancer

Cryoablation in Low-Risk Breast Cancers: Minimally Invasive Procedure With Minimal Risk

Cryoablation is emerging as a new alternative to surgical excision for smaller early-stage, low-risk breast cancers in appropriately selected patient populations, according to data presented during the 2021 American Society of Breast Surgeons Annual Meeting.1

Early 3-year results of the multicenter ...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Pralsetinib in Advanced RET Fusion–Positive NSCLC: ARROW Trial

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Justin F. Gainor, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase I/II ARROW trial has shown that the oral RET inhibitor pralsetinib produced high response rates in previously treated and treatment-naive patients with advanced RET fusion–positive non–small ...

Leukemia

Venetoclax Plus FLAG-IDA Induction and Consolidation for AML

In a single-institution phase I/II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of venetoclax with FLAG-IDA (fludarabine, cytarabine, granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, and idarubicin) in induction and consolidation...

Breast Cancer

Adjuvant Platinum vs Capecitabine in Patients With Basal Subtype Triple-Negative Breast Cancer and Residual Disease After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology and during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Ingrid A. Mayer, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ECOG-ACRIN EA1131 trial investigated the use of adjuvant platinum vs capecitabine in patients with basal subtype triple-negative breast cancer and residual...

COVID-19

Continuous Coverage of COVID-19

The staff of The ASCO Post recognizes the steady flow of news on the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19. Here, we've compiled a list of links to articles and resources on the COVID-19 pandemic. If you have a report you'd like to share, please e-mail it to us at editor@ascopost.com.

Direct From ASCO:...

Solid Tumors

Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Brainstem Metastases

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Chen et al found that stereotactic radiosurgery for brainstem metastases was effective and safe, with outcomes comparable to those observed with stereotactic radiosurgery for nonbrainstem brain metastases.

Study Details

A...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Durvalumab With vs Without Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy in Early-Stage NSCLC

In a single-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nasser K. Altorki, MD, and colleagues found that neoadjuvant durvalumab plus stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) resulted in a markedly higher major pathologic response rate vs durvalumab alone in patients with early-stage...

Issues in Oncology

Oncology Hospital-at-Home Program Reduced Unplanned Health-Care Utilization and Costs

In the Huntsman at Home Real-World Trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mooney et al found that an oncology hospital-at-home program reduced unplanned health-care utilization and costs vs usual care among patients with cancer discharged from the hospital.

Study Details

In the...

Issues in Oncology
COVID-19

Association of Community Cancer Centers Releases Report: Trending Now in Cancer Care 2020

The Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC) released Trending Now in Cancer Care 2020, an annual report that identifies current and emerging trends in cancer programs across the country. The detailed report presents findings from focus groups that illuminate the short- and long-term impact...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv After PD-1 or PD-L1 Inhibitor Therapy for Cisplatin-Ineligible Patients With Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Evan Y. Yu, MD, and colleagues, findings in a cohort of the phase II EV-201 study showed a high response rate with the nectin-4–directed antibody-drug conjugate enfortumab vedotin-ejfv in cisplatin-ineligible patients with advanced or metastatic urothelial...

Prostate Cancer

Fluciclovine F-18 PET/CT vs Conventional Imaging Alone in Guiding Postsurgery Salvage Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

In a single-institution phase II/III trial (EMPIRE-1) reported in The Lancet, Ashesh B. Jani, MD, and colleagues found that use of fluciclovine F-18 positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in addition to conventional imaging to guide postprostatectomy salvage radiotherapy was...

CNS Cancers

Cognitive Performance at Baseline and Over Time in Infants Treated for Brain Tumors

In a prospective longitudinal trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ali et al found that infants treated for central nervous system (CNS) malignancies had baseline intellectual quotient (IQ) and parent-reported working memory and adaptive functioning worse than normative expectations; ...

Breast Cancer
COVID-19

Inequities in Breast Cancer Screening During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Breast cancer screening took a sizeable hit during the COVID-19 pandemic, according to new research  showing that the number of screening mammograms completed in a large group of women living in Washington state plummeted by nearly half. Published by Amram et al in JAMA Network Open, the study...

Hepatobiliary Cancer

Does Long-Term Suppression of Hepatitis B in Patients With HIV Lower Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

While the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is higher among patients who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it’s even higher among patients who have HIV and detectable hepatitis B, according to research published by Kim et al in Hepatology. Among patients with HIV and hepatitis B,...

Immunotherapy

Use of Systemic Therapy at the End of Life in Patients With Cancer: Effect of Approval of Immunotherapies

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Khaki et al found that although the use of anticancer systemic therapy during the last 30 days of life in patients with cancer has decreased overall since the first approval of a PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor, the use of PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitors...

Kidney Cancer

AUA Announces Updates to Clinical Guidance for Renal Mass and Localized Renal Cancer

The American Urological Association (AUA) announced amendments to its clinical guideline on Renal Masses and Localized Renal Cancer, originally published in 2013 and updated in 2017, based on an additional literature search conducted through October 2020.

One in four renal masses are benign;...

Issues in Oncology

School-Based HPV Vaccination Program Reduces Rates of HPV in Gay and Bisexual Men

An Australian study published by Chow et al in The Lancet Infectious Diseases found a 70% reduction in one type of human papillomavirus (HPV) in gay and bisexual men after the implementation of the school-based HPV vaccination program. The HYPER2 study found that there was a significant reduction...

CNS Cancers

Adjuvant and Concurrent Temozolomide in 1p/19q Non-Codeleted Anaplastic Glioma: Survival Benefit Analysis

In the second interim analysis of the phase III CATNON trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Martin J. van den Bent, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that adjuvant temozolomide—but not temozolomide concurrent with radiotherapy—was associated with an overall survival benefit in patients with newly...

Colorectal Cancer

Perioperative Systemic Therapy for Patients With Resectable Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases

In the phase II portion of a Dutch phase II/III trial (CAIRO6) reported in JAMA Surgery, Rovers et al found that the addition of perioperative systemic therapy to cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) was feasible and safe for the treatment of patients with ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ORIENT-12 Study: Addition of Sintilimab to Gemcitabine/Platinum in Advanced Squamous NSCLC

Adding sintilimab to a regimen of gemcitabine and platinum demonstrated clinical benefit over gemcitabine and platinum alone as first-line therapy in patients with locally advanced or metastatic squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These results from the ORIENT-12 trial were published by...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves Sotorasib for KRAS G12C–Mutated NSCLC

On May 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sotorasib (Lumakras) as the first treatment for adult patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have a KRAS G12C genetic mutation and who have received at least one prior systemic therapy. This is the first approved ...

Breast Cancer

Three-Year Outcomes After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With or Without Anthracycline Plus Dual HER2 Blockade in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a secondary analysis of the Dutch phase III TRAIN-2 trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Anna van der Voort, MD, and colleagues found similar 3-year event-free and overall survival in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer receiving neoadjuvant therapy with vs without an anthracycline plus dual...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Does the Addition of Bevacizumab to Gemcitabine/Cisplatin for Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma Improve Survival?

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, and colleagues, the phase III CALGB 90601/Alliance trial has shown no improvement in overall survival with the addition of bevacizumab to gemcitabine/cisplatin in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. 

Study...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Lisocabtagene Maraleucel for Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

On February 5, 2021, lisocabtagene maraleucel was approved for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma after two or more lines of systemic therapy, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) not otherwise specified (including DLBCL arising from...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Cemiplimab-rwlc for Patients With Locally Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma After Hedgehog Inhibitor Therapy

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Stratigos et al, findings in a subgroup of a phase II trial have shown that the PD-1 antibody cemiplimab-rwlc produces enduring responses in patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma who had progressive disease on or intolerance to prior hedgehog...

Colorectal Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Effect of Lower Endoscopy on Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Individuals Older Than 75

In a prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ma et al found that lower endoscopy colorectal cancer screening in individuals older than age 75 was associated with reduced colorectal cancer incidence and mortality, although no colorectal cancer mortality benefit was observed in those with ...

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