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Breast Cancer
Global Cancer Care

A Pioneering Female Oncologist in Morocco Helps Advance the Global Shift Toward Gender Equity in Academia

Success stories in research, advocacy, and education from low- and middle-income countries deserve international recognition to motivate the next generation of researchers and practitioners and enrich global oncology. I recently had the privilege to speak with Ouissam Al Jarroudi, MD, about her...

Gynecologic Cancers

Progression-Free Survival Benefit Confirmed With Triplet Combination in BRCA Wild-Type, HRD-Positive Ovarian Cancer

The combination of immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and chemotherapy could be the new standard first-line treatment of patients with high-grade, advanced ovarian cancer with BRCA wild-type, homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)-positive tumors, according to data presented during the Society of...

Lung Cancer

ALK-Positive NSCLC: Adjuvant Alectinib vs Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Yi-Long Wu, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ALINA trial has shown significantly improved disease-free survival with adjuvant alectinib vs platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with resected ALK-positive NSCLC.

Study Details

In the...

Solid Tumors

Cabozantinib in Advanced Adrenocortical Carcinoma

In a single-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Campbell et al found that cabozantinib monotherapy showed activity in adult patients with advanced adrenocortical carcinoma.

Study Details

In the trial, 18 patients enrolled at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center...

Lung Cancer

Atezolizumab/Cabozantinib vs Docetaxel in Previously Treated Metastatic NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Joel Neal, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III CONTACT-01 trial has shown no significant improvement in overall survival with atezolizumab plus cabozantinib vs docetaxel after checkpoint inhibitor treatment and chemotherapy in patients with...

Thyroid Cancer

New Findings Suggest No Correlation Between GLP-1 Receptor Agonists and Thyroid Cancer Risk

Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 receptor agonists may not be associated with an increased risk of thyroid cancer, according to a recent study published by Pasternak et al in the BMJ.

Background

GLP-1 receptor agonists are designed to reduce blood sugar levels and appetite. They have become...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Study Identifies Genetic Variants Potentially Linked to Prevalent or Persistent HPV Infections

Investigators have uncovered genetic variants that may predispose certain female patients to prevalent or persistent human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and increase their risk of developing cervical cancer, according to a recent study published by Adebamowo et al in the European Journal of Human ...

Geriatric Oncology

Exploring Geriatric Assessment Effectiveness: Insights From the 2023 International Society of Geriatric Oncology Conference

Geriatric assessment has emerged as a pivotal tool in optimizing cancer care for older patients, aiming to mitigate treatment toxicity, enhance treatment adherence, and improve quality of life. The recommended areas for evaluation in a geriatric assessment focus on identifying health issues that...

Skin Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Illuminating a Potential Culprit in Melanoma Treatment Resistance

Researchers may have uncovered the mechanisms behind the development of targeted therapy resistance in melanoma, according to a recent study published by Aya Moreno et al in Cell Reports.

Background

The global incidence of melanoma—the deadliest type of skin cancer—is rising, making novel...

Colorectal Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Oxaliplatin-Based Adjuvant Therapy in Older Patients With Stage III Colon Cancer

In a pooled analysis of data from clinical trials in the ACCENT/IDEA databases reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Claire Gallois, MD, and colleagues found that patients aged ≥ 70 years receiving oxaliplatin-based adjuvant chemotherapy for stage III colon cancer had a similar time to...

Head and Neck Cancer

Newly Diagnosed Locally Advanced HNSCC: Adding Pembrolizumab to Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Jean-Pascal Machiels, MD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYNOTE-412 trial showed no significant improvement in event-free survival with the addition of pembrolizumab to concurrent chemoradiotherapy in newly diagnosed patients with high-risk locally advanced...

Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer With Sentinel Node Metastases: Axillary Dissection vs Sentinel Node Biopsy Alone

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by de Boniface et al, the phase III SENOMAC trial showed noninferiority in recurrence-free survival with sentinel node biopsy alone vs completion axillary node dissection in patients with breast cancer and sentinel node metastases.

Study Details

In ...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Radon Gas Exposure May Be Linked to Increased Incidence of Lung Cancer in Nonsmokers

Long-term exposure to radon gas may be associated with a rise in nonsmoking lung cancer cases, according to a recent consumer survey conducted on behalf of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center–Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute (OSUCCC–James).

...

Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Screening Eligibility: Effect of Using History vs Pack-Year History of Smoking

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Potter et al found that use of a smoking history of ≥ 20 years rather than the current 2021 U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) guideline of ≥ 20 pack-years would increase the eligibility of Black individuals for lung cancer...

Lymphoma

B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Extended Follow-up With Mosunetuzumab

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by L. Elizabeth Budde, MD, PhD, and colleagues, extended follow-up of the dose-escalation phase of a phase I/II trial showed that the CD20 x CD3 T-cell–engaging bispecific antibody mosunetuzumab-axgb—given as an off-the-shelf fixed-duration outpatient ...

Bladder Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Novel Urine Biomarker Test May Reduce Unnecessary Cystoscopies in Patients With Bladder Cancer

Researchers have found that a novel urine biomarker test may effectively halve the number of cystoscopies necessary in high-risk patients with bladder cancer, according to recent findings presented by Dreyer et al at the European Association of Urology (EAU) Congress 2024. The research also...

Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Longer Interval May Be Safe for Prostate Cancer Screening in Low-Risk Patients

Undergoing a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test every 5 years may be adequate for screening low-risk men for prostate cancer, according to recent findings presented by Albers et al at the European Association of Urology (EAU) Congress 2024 and simultaneously published in European Urology.

...

Prostate Cancer
Global Cancer Care

The Lancet Commission on Prostate Cancer: Strategies to Prepare for Predicted Increases in Disease Burden by 2040

Investigators have projected impending increases in the incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer—especially among individuals in low- and middle-income countries—and proposed new strategies to improve screening, awareness, research diversification, and treatment in a recent The Lancet...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy
Issues in Oncology

Improving Adjuvant Treatment in Patients With Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma

Two recent studies have offered new insights into the treatment of muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma following cystectomy, according to findings presented by Powles et al and Galsky et al at the European Association of Urology Congress 2024. The research could allow physicians to target...

Solid Tumors
Genomics/Genetics

BAP1 Mutations May Increase Susceptibility to Asbestos-Induced Malignant Mesothelioma

Researchers have shown that even minimal exposure to chrysotile asbestos may increase susceptibility to the development of malignant mesothelioma in mice with BAP1 germline mutations, according to new findings presented by Kadariya et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual ...

Leukemia

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Ponatinib With Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

On March 19, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the multitarget kinase inhibitor (Iclusig) with chemotherapy for adult patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).

PhALLCON

Efficacy was evaluated in...

Gynecologic Cancers

Blood-Based Machine-Learning Assay May Noninvasively Detect Early Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is the eighth most-common cancer among women globally, and the eighth most-common cause of death from cancer worldwide. In the United States alone, in 2023, there were nearly 20,000 new cases of the cancer, and about 13,270 deaths from the disease. Ovarian cancer is largely...

Supportive Care
Survivorship

Effect of Virtually Delivered CBT for Insomnia on Cancer-Related Cognitive Impairment

In a Canadian study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sheila N. Garland, PhD, and colleagues found that virtually delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improved perceived cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) vs waiting list controls in cancer survivors.

...

Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Educational Videos May Encourage Prostate Cancer Screening Among Black Patients

Use of culturally sensitive educational videos may boost knowledge and decrease uncertainty regarding prostate cancer and screening among Black individuals, according to new findings presented by Jones et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy for Richter Transformation

In a retrospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kittai et al found that anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy showed activity in previously treated patients with Richter transformation.

Study Details

In the study, 69 patients who received CAR T-cell...

Pancreatic Cancer

An Exosome-Based Liquid Biopsy for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer

An investigational exosome-based liquid biopsy accurately detected 97% of stage I to II pancreatic cancers when combined with the biomarker CA 19-9, according to research presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract 3899).

“Pancreatic cancer is one ...

Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Proteogenomic Signatures May Help Identify Risk of Prostate Cancer Progression in Certain Populations

Certain proteogenomic signatures in the prostate cancers of men of African and European ancestries were associated with higher risk of metastasis and/or recurrence of the disease, according to a study presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

PARP1-Selective Inhibitor in HRR-Deficient Breast Cancer

The novel poly-ADP ribose polymerase-1 (PARP1)-selective inhibitor saruparib demonstrated early efficacy and a favorable safety profile in patients with homologous recombination repair (HRR)-deficient breast cancer, according to new findings presented by Yap et al at the American Association for...

Issues in Oncology

AACR Inaugurates New Leadership

The members of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) elected a new 2024 to 2025 President and President-Elect at the AACR’s Annual Business Meeting of Members during the AACR Annual Meeting 2024 in San Diego.

New President

The AACR welcomed Patricia M. LoRusso, DO, PhD (hc), FAACR,...

Head and Neck Cancer

Investigational Personalized Vaccine in Resected Head and Neck Cancers

TG4050, a personalized neoantigen vaccine, induced tumor-specific immune responses and led to low rates of disease relapse in patients with surgically resected human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC), according to results reported at the American Association...

CNS Cancers

ATM Kinase Inhibitor Plus Radiotherapy for Patients With Glioblastoma

AZD1390, an ataxia telangiectasia mutant (ATM) kinase inhibitor, demonstrated a manageable safety profile in patients with both recurrent and newly diagnosed glioblastoma when given in combination with standard-of-care radiotherapy and showed preliminary efficacy in patients with recurrent...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel CAR T-Cell Therapy May Show Benefit in Patients With Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

The CD70-targeted allogeneic chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy CTX130 may be effective in patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma, according to findings presented by Srour et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract CT002)...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Can a Personalized Antitumor Vaccine Plus Pembrolizumab Improve Outcomes in Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

Adding a personalized antitumor vaccine to the PD-1 inhibitor pembrolizumab may be safe and about twice as effective at shrinking tumors in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma compared with pembrolizumab alone, according to new findings presented by Yarchoan et al at the American Association for ...

Colorectal Cancer

Adagrasib Plus Cetuximab in KRAS G12C–Mutated Colorectal Cancer

The combination of the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib and the anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab showed clinical activity and promising survival outcomes in a cohort of patients with metastatic, heavily pretreated, KRAS G12C–mutated colorectal cancer, according to results from the phase I/II KRYSTAL-1...

Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Biologic Drug-Device Combination Immunotherapy in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

SYNC-T—an investigational therapy that combines a device-induced vaccination at the tumor site with an intratumoral infusion of a multitarget biologic drug—led to numerous clinical responses in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to results reported at the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Immune Response to Investigational RNA Vaccine for Pancreatic Cancer Continues to Correlate With Clinical Benefit

An adjuvant treatment regimen that included autogene cevumeran, an investigational individualized neoantigen-specific mRNA vaccine, induced durable and functional T-cell responses that were associated with a reduced risk of disease recurrence in certain patients with resectable pancreatic cancer,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Bispecific Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Improves Survival in Patients With Gastric Cancer, Regardless of PD-L1 Status

The PD-1/CTLA-4 bispecific antibody cadonilimab plus chemotherapy improved progression-free and overall survival in patients with untreated, HER2-negative, locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancer—including those with PD-L1–low tumors—compared with...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

RP1 Immunotherapy in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients With Skin Cancer

A novel oncolytic immunotherapy may show antitumor activity in solid organ transplant recipients with skin cancer, according to new findings presented by Migden et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract CT003).

Background

"Organ transplant...

Multiple Myeloma

Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel and Idecabtagene Vicleucel Approved by the FDA for Pretreated Patients With Multiple Myeloma

On April 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ciltacabtagene autoleucel (Carvykti) for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior line of therapy, including a proteasome inhibitor and an immunomodulatory agent, and...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Mirvetuximab Soravtansine Plus Pembrolizumab in Patients With Endometrial Cancer Subtype

The combination of the antibody-drug conjugate mirvetuximab soravtansine-gynx and the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab showed notable activity in patients with recurrent or persistent microsatellite-stable endometrial cancer, according to new findings presented by Porter et al at the...

Solid Tumors

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Solid Tumors

On April 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) for adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 3+) solid tumors who have received prior systemic treatment and have no...

Issues in Oncology

Accelerated Aging May Be a Risk Factor for Early-Onset Cancers in Younger Generations

According to recent studies, the incidence of early-onset cancers—often defined as those diagnosed in individuals younger than age 50—is on the rise, and not just in the United States but globally as well. Research shows that between 1990 and 2019, the global incidence of early-onset cancer...

Issues in Oncology

Fewer Than Half of Drugs Granted Accelerated Approval Demonstrated Benefit Within 5 Years

In 1992, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) instituted its Accelerated Approval regulations, which allow drugs that treat serious conditions and fill an unmet need to be approved early based on a surrogate endpoint. However, any drug approved under this pathway is still required to undergo ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab May Improve Breast Cancer Outcomes Regardless of Age or Menopausal Status

The addition of the immunotherapy drug pembrolizumab to chemotherapy prior to and following surgery may lead to improved outcomes in patients with breast cancer regardless of their age or menopausal status, according to new findings presented by Cardoso et al at the 2024 European Breast Cancer...

Global Cancer Care
Issues in Oncology

American Cancer Society Releases Latest Global Cancer Statistics; Cancer Cases Expected to Rise to 35 Million Worldwide by 2050

The American Cancer Society (ACS) has released Global Cancer Statistics 2022, an update of the organization’s report on global cancer facts and trends. According to the findings, an estimated 20 million cancer cases were newly diagnosed in 2022 and 9.7 million people died from the disease...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Distinct Microbial Signature Uncovered in KRAS-Mutated Colorectal Cancer

Researchers have identified microbiota signatures that are associated with KRAS mutations in patients with colorectal cancer, according to a recent study published by Huang et al in Microbiology Spectrum. The findings suggest that gut microbes may serve as a noninvasive biomarker for subtypes of...

Danicopan Approved as Add-On Therapy to Ravulizumab or Eculizumab for Extravascular Hemolysis in Adults With Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

On April 1, danicopan (Voydeya) was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as add-on therapy to ravulizumab-cwvz or eculizumab for the treatment of extravascular hemolysis (EVH) in adults with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH). VOYDEYA is a first-in-class, oral, Factor D...

Breast Cancer

Treating DCIS: To Escalate or De-escalate?

There is much debate about the necessity of treating women with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with surgery or radiotherapy.1,2 It is disconcerting to many that patients with DCIS are treated in the same way as are women with early-stage invasive breast cancer. Many patients with DCIS have...

Pancreatic Cancer

Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Oncolytic Virus–Based Immunostimulatory Gene Therapy Plus Chemotherapy

In a single-center phase I/II study (LOKON001) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Musher et al found that treatment with an oncolytic virus–based immunostimulatory gene therapy (LOAd703) plus chemotherapy was feasible and safe in patients with unresectable or metastatic pancreatic ductal...

Lung Cancer

T-DXd in HER2-Overexpressing Unresectable or Metastatic NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Egbert F. Smit, MD, and colleagues, primary analysis in the HER2-overexpressing unresectable or metastatic non–small cell cancer (NSCLC) cohorts of the phase II DESTINY-Lung01 trial show activity of fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) in this setting.

...

Global Cancer Care

Rwanda’s Progress in Eradicating Hepatitis C Virus: A Feasible Approach to Reducing Liver Cancer Incidence in Sub-Saharan Africa

Of 58 million people worldwide living with hepatitis C virus (HCV), one-sixth of them are found in sub-Saharan Africa.1 Yet, in that region, direct access to diagnostic testing and treatment is limited to less than 5%. HCV carries significant downstream implications including cirrhosis...

Breast Cancer

Can Artificial Intelligence Predict Treatment Response and Outcomes in Breast Cancer?

Artificial intelligence (AI)—computational analytics with routine imaging via radiology or pathology—can advance precision medicine in breast cancer, specifically by predicting response to therapy and calculating prognosis, according to a pioneer in the field, Anant Madabhushi, PhD, of Emory...

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Study Examines Shared Decision-Making Policies and Practices Around Lung Cancer Screening

A Medicare policy requiring shared decision-making between primary care physicians and patients regarding whether to proceed with lung cancer screening may require further examination, according to a recent study published by Kale et al in the Annals of Family Medicine. The findings indicated that...

Solid Tumors
Issues in Oncology
Supportive Care

Asking ChatGPT About Radiation Oncology Treatment

Researchers examined whether the artificial intelligence (AI)-based chatbot ChatGPT can help provide answers to patients with cancer regarding radiation oncology treatment, according to a recent study published by Yalamanchili et al in JAMA Network Open.

Background

Over 60% (n = 500,000) of...

Leukemia

Feasibility of Ending Specialist Follow-up in Patients With Low-Risk CLL

A study published by Brieghel et al in Blood Advances showed that among patients in Denmark who had slow-growing chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with no symptoms and a low risk for ever needing treatment, those who stopped seeing their doctors for specialized follow-up had fewer hospital visits, ...

Breast Cancer

HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer: Treatment After Disease Progression on CDK4/6 and Aromatase Inhibitors

In the phase II PACE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Erica L. Mayer, MD, MPH, and colleagues found no improvement in progression-free survival with the addition of palbociclib to fulvestrant—but a numeric improvement with the further addition of avelumab—in patients with hormone ...

Breast Cancer

Gedatolisib Plus Palbociclib and Endocrine Therapy in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Layman et al, findings in dose-expansion groups of a phase Ib trial indicated activity of the pan-PI3K–mTOR inhibitor gedatolisib in combination with palbociclib and endocrine therapy in patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative advanced...

Issues in Oncology

One in Five People With Cancer Participate in Clinical Research, New Study Finds

New findings authored by Joseph M. Unger, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology using Commission on Cancer data showed that when all types of cancer research studies are considered, at least one in five people with cancer in the United States—or 21.9%—participate in some form of...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Can TILs Help to Determine Outcomes in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer?

High levels of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) within the tumors of patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer may be associated with a lower risk of cancer recurrence and greater rate of survival, even without chemotherapy, according to a recent study published by Leon-Ferre et...

Thyroid Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Microwave Ablation vs Surgical Resection in Multifocal Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

Microwave ablation may offer comparable progression-free survival rates and fewer complications in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma compared with surgical resection, according to a recent study published by Zhao et al in Radiology.

Background

Papillary thyroid carcinoma—the most common...

Solid Tumors
Hematologic Malignancies
Issues in Oncology

Tuberculosis May Be Linked to Increased Risk of Various Cancer Types

The risk of certain types of cancer may be higher in patients currently or previously diagnosed with tuberculosis, according to new findings to be presented by Kim et al at the upcoming 2024 European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) annual congress.

Background

...

Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Benefit of Prostate MRI Plus PSA Density Test in Patients Suspected of Having Prostate Cancer

Investigators have found that combining a prostate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA) density test may help diagnose clinically significant prostate cancer and avoid unnecessary biopsies, according to a recent systematic review and meta-analysis published...

Skin Cancer

Model for Predicting Recurrence-Free and Melanoma-Specific Survival After SLNB in Melanoma

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stassen et al developed a model for the prediction of recurrence-free and melanoma-specific survival after sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in patients with melanoma.

Study Details

The study involved a development cohort of 4,071 patients aged > 13...

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

T-Cell Therapy in Advanced Synovial Sarcoma and Myxoid Round Cell Liposarcoma

In a phase II trial (SPEARHEAD-1) reported in The Lancet, D’Angelo et al found that the T-cell therapy afamitresgene autoleucel showed activity in patients with previously treated HLA-A*02 and MAGE-A4–expressing advanced synovial sarcoma or myxoid round cell liposarcoma.

As related by the...

Colorectal Cancer

Advanced Anal Cancer: Addition of Atezolizumab to First-Line Modified Docetaxel, Cisplatin, and Fluorouracil

In a French noncomparative phase II study (SCARCE C17-02 PRODIGE 60) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Stefano Kim, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of atezolizumab to modified docetaxel, cisplatin, and fluorouracil (mDCF) did not meet the 12-month progression-free survival primary...

ASCO Congratulates 2024 Special Awards Recipients

ASCO and Conquer Cancer, the ASCO Foundation, will recognize researchers, patient advocates, philanthropists, teachers, and global oncology leaders who have reshaped cancer care around the world with the Society’s highest honors at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting.

The 2024 Special Award Recipients...

Colorectal Cancer

NAPRC-Accredited Hospitals vs Nonaccredited Hospitals: Proctectomy Outcomes

Hospitals accredited by the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Accreditation Program for Rectal Cancer (NAPRC) may demonstrate lower mortality and complication rates in patients undergoing proctectomy compared with nonaccredited hospitals, according to a recent study published by Harbaugh...

Breast Cancer

Giredestrant in Previously Treated Patients With ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Advanced Breast Cancer

In the phase II acelERA BC trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Miguel Martín, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the selective estrogen receptor (ER) antagonist and degrader giredestrant did not significantly improve progression-free survival vs physician’s choice of endocrine...

Kidney Cancer

Pazopanib in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma and No Evidence of Disease After Metastasectomy

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Leonard J. Appleman, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase II ECOG-ACRIN E2810 trial showed no significant improvement in disease-free survival with pazopanib vs placebo in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma with no evidence of disease...

Issues in Oncology

Surveyed Oncologists’ Attitudes Toward Ethical Implications of AI in Cancer Care

Researchers surveyed oncologists for their perspectives on how artificial intelligence (AI) may be responsibly integrated into some aspects of cancer care as well as how to protect patients from the hidden biases of AI, according to a recent study published by Hantel et al in JAMA Network Open.

...

Prostate Cancer
Symptom Management

GU and GI Symptoms With Postprostatectomy Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Mark K. Buyyounouski, MD, MS, and colleagues, the phase III NRG-GU003 trial showed noninferiority of hypofractionated postprostatectomy radiotherapy (HYPORT) vs conventionally fractionated postprostatectomy radiotherapy (COPORT) for genitourinary (GU) and...

Lung Cancer

NSCLC: Neoadjuvant Chemoimmunotherapy vs Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Sorin et al found that neoadjuvant chemoimmunotherapy was associated with better outcomes than neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Study Details

A search of published studies reported...

CNS Cancers

Prolonged Use of Progestogens May Be Linked to Increased Risk of Brain Cancer

Prolonged use of selected progestogen agents may be associated with an increased risk of developing intracranial meningioma, according to a recent study published by Roland et al in the BMJ.

Background

Progestogens are similar to the natural hormone progesterone, which are widely used in...

Solid Tumors
Hematologic Malignancies
Issues in Oncology

Malpractice Risk With Active Surveillance for Patients With Low-Risk Cancer

Investigators have assessed medical malpractice trends related to active surveillance as a treatment strategy across different types of cancers, according to a recent study published by Chang et al in the Annals of Surgery.

Background

Active surveillance is a less invasive approach that reserves...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

IKZF1 Genetic Variant May Contribute to Disparities in Risk of ALL in Pediatric Hispanic and Latino Patients

A genetic variant located on the IKZF1 gene may be responsible for disparities in the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) among Hispanic and Latino children, according to a recent study published by de Smith et al in Cell Genomics. The findings offer insights into the causes of the disease...

Leukemia
Geriatric Oncology

Older Patients With AML: Does Stem Cell Transplant Improve Long-Term Outcomes?

Nearly 21,000 new cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are diagnosed each year in the United States, about 80% of which occur in individuals aged 60 years and older. The cancer has the highest mortality rate among the different types of leukemia, and, in 2024, it is predicted that about 11,220...

Gynecologic Cancers

Chemoradiotherapy With or Without Pembrolizumab for Newly Diagnosed, High-Risk, Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Domenica Lorusso, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III ENGOT-cx11/GOG-3047/KEYNOTE-A18 trial has shown that the addition of pembrolizumab to chemoradiotherapy improved progression-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed, high-risk, locally advanced...

Lung Cancer

Eligibility for and Prevalence of Lung Cancer Screening in the United States in 2022

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Network Open, Henderson et al identified prevalence of lung cancer screening in the United States in 2022 using U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) 2021 and 2013 recommendations for screening eligibility.

The USPSTF 2013 guidelines...

Breast Cancer
Supportive Care

Early Breast Cancer: Nurse-Led Follow-up Intervention and Quality of Life After Treatment

In a Danish single-institution phase III trial (MyHealth) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Saltbæk et al found that nurse-led individualized follow-up was associated with significantly better breast cancer–specific quality of life compared with usual care after completion of primary...

Leukemia

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin for Relapsed or Refractory Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

On March 6, 2024, inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa) was approved for pediatric patients aged 1 year or older with relapsed or refractory CD22-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.1

Supporting Efficacy Data

Approval was based on findings in the ITCC-059 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov...

Multiple Myeloma
Issues in Oncology

Novel Drug Combination in Multiple Myeloma

Researchers have found that venetoclax in combination with azacitidine may be effective at treating patients with multiple myeloma, according to a recent study published by Flanagan et al in Haematologica

Background

Despite recent advances in the treatment of multiple myeloma, the disease...

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer

Amivantamab-vmjw in NSCLC With EGFR Exon 20 Insertion Mutations

On March 1, 2024, amivantamab-vmjw (Rybrevant) was approved for use with carboplatin and pemetrexed for first-line treatment of locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved...

Solid Tumors

Eflornithine for Adult and Pediatric Patients With High-Risk Neuroblastoma

On December 13, 2023, eflornithine (Iwilfin), an ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor, was approved for adult and pediatric patients with high-risk neuroblastoma with at least a partial response to prior multiagent, multimodality therapy including anti-GD2 immunotherapy.

This represents the first...

Kidney Cancer

Belzutifan in Previously Treated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 14, 2023, the hypoxia-inducible factor inhibitor belzutifan (Welireg) was approved for patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma with disease progression on previous treatment with a PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor and a vascular endothelial...

Gynecologic Cancers

Pembrolizumab With Chemoradiotherapy for FIGO 2014 Stage III–IVA Cervical Cancer

On January 12, 2024, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was approved for use with chemoradiotherapy for treatment of patients with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) 2014 stage III–IVA cervical cancer.1

Supporting Efficacy Data

Approval was based on findings in the double-blind...

Colorectal Cancer

Stage III Colorectal Cancer: Association of Immunoscore With Disease-Free Survival

In an analysis of two trials (SCOT and IDEA-HORG) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Domingo et al identified the predictive value of Immunoscore for disease-free survival in patients with stage III colorectal cancer treated with adjuvant mFOLFOX6 (modified fluorouracil, leucovorin, and...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Endoscopic Screening and Esophageal Cancer Incidence and Mortality

In an analysis of 9-year outcomes of a Chinese trial (ESECC) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Liu et al found that endoscopic screening for esophageal cancer was associated with numeric benefit vs no screening in terms of the incidence of esophageal cancer and esophageal cancer–related ...

Leukemia

Stopping TKI Treatment in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In a report in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Francois-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, and colleagues provided the final analysis of the European Stop Kinase Inhibitors (EURO-SKI) study. The trial evaluated the effect of stopping tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment in patients with chronic myeloid...

Supportive Care

Integrated Screening and Stepped Collaborative Care Intervention: Effect on Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients With Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in The Lancet, Jennifer Steel, PhD, and colleagues found that an integrated screening and stepped collaborative care intervention (CARES) improved health-related quality of life vs standard of care in patients with cancer.

Study Details

In the study, 459 patients...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Gut Microbiome Signatures May Help Unravel Disparities in Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer

The composition of the gut microbiome may reveal distinct signatures associated with race, ethnicity, and age of onset in patients with colorectal cancer, according to a recent study published by Hein et al in the Journal of Immunotherapy and Precision Oncology. The findings provide insights into...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Subtype of Fusobacterium nucleatum May Be Linked to Colorectal Cancer Progression and Poor Outcomes

Researchers have found that a specific subtype of Fusobacterium nucleatum may be capable of growing within colorectal cancer, driving cancer progression, and leading to poorer outcomes following colorectal cancer treatment, according to a recent study published by Zepeda-Rivera et al in Nature. The ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Dostarlimab-Based Combinations in Advanced Endometrial Cancer

Statistically significant and clinically meaningful overall survival results from Part 1 and progression-free survival results from Part 2 of the RUBY/ENGOT-EN6/GOG3031/NSGO phase III trial in adult patients with primary advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer were presented in a late-breaking...

Breast Cancer

Early Breast Cancer: Adding Adjuvant Ribociclib to Nonsteroidal Aromatase Inhibitor Therapy

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Dennis Slamon, MD, PhD, and colleagues, interim analysis of the phase III NATALEE trial has shown improved invasive disease–free survival with the addition of adjuvant ribociclib to a nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitor (NSAI) in patients with...

Gynecologic Cancers

FDA Approves Mirvetuximab Soravtansine-gynx for FRα-Positive, Platinum-Resistant Epithelial Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Cancer

On March 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved mirvetuximab soravtansine-gynx (Elahere) for adult patients with folate receptor–alpha (FRα)-positive, platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer, who have received one to three prior systemic ...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Low-Dose Radiotherapy Boost in Young Patients With Breast Cancer

Researchers have found that a low-dose radiotherapy boost in addition to whole-breast radiotherapy may prevent local recurrence in young patients with breast cancer, according to new findings presented by Bosma et al at the 2024 European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC) (Abstract 4LBA) and...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Response to Primary Systemic Therapy Could Dictate Whether Extensive Lymph Node Removal Is Needed in Patients With Breast Cancer

Extensive removal of the lymph nodes may be safely avoided in patients with breast cancer that has metastasized to the axillary nodes if treatment is tailored to their response to therapies such as chemotherapy prior to surgery, according to new findings presented by van Hemert et al at the 2024...

Breast Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Combined PET-MRI Scan Could Benefit Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

A combined positron-emission tomography–magnetic resonance imaging (PET-MRI) scanning technique could improve the treatment of some patients with early-stage breast cancer, according to new findings presented by Di Micco et al at the 2024 European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC) (Abstract 9) and...

Leukemia

FLT3-ITD–Mutated AML: Gilteritinib in Posttransplantation Maintenance

In the phase III MORPHO trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the FLT3 inhibitor gilteritinib showed activity as post–allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) maintenance among patients with FLT3-ITD–mutated acute myeloid...

Prostate Cancer

Is Hypofractionated Radiotherapy Emerging as the New Standard of Care After Prostatectomy?

It is currently acknowledged that hypofractionated radiotherapy, an increasingly favored approach in prostate cancer treatment, delivers higher radiation doses over fewer sessions compared with conventional fractionation schedules. This approach is supported by the recognition that prostate...

FDA Approves Safety Labeling Changes Regarding DPD Deficiency for Fluorouracil Injection Products

On March 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved safety labeling changes for fluorouracil injection products. This effort was a collaboration between the FDA’s Office of Generic Drugs and the Oncology Center of Excellence.

Fluorouracil injection was initially approved in 1962. The ...

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