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COVID-19

Continuous Coverage of COVID-19

The staff of The ASCO Post recognizes the steady flow of news on the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19. Here, we've compiled a list of links to articles and resources on the COVID-19 pandemic. If you have a report you'd like to share, please e-mail it to us at editor@ascopost.com.

Direct From ASCO:...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Continuous vs Fixed-Duration Immunotherapy in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In an exploratory analysis of the phase IIIb/IV CheckMate 153 trial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, David M. Waterhouse, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that continuing nivolumab beyond 1 year of treatment vs stopping at 1 year of treatment was associated with better outcomes in...

Issues in Oncology
Legislation
Health-Care Policy
COVID-19

AACR Releases 10th Edition of Annual Cancer Progress Report

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has released the 10th edition of its annual Cancer Progress Report. The report highlights how cancer research, largely supported by federal investments in the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI), is...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Use of ctDNA to Direct Therapy in Advanced Breast Cancer

In the phase IIa plasmaMATCH platform trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nicholas C. Turner, MD, and colleagues found that circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) provided accurate genotyping that permitted selection of directed therapies in patients with advanced breast cancer.

Study Details

The...

Colorectal Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Elderly Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer Treated With Adjuvant Oxaliplatin Plus Fluoropyrimidines: Tolerability and Benefit

Among patients with stage III colon cancer, patients aged 70 or older were less tolerant of adjuvant oxaliplatin/flouropyrimidine therapy, in addition to having poorer relapse-free interval rates on the regimen, according to findings from a large subgroup analysis of the phase III TOSCA trial...

Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Shows Activity in edPOLE-Mutated, MMR-Proficient Advanced Cancers

Nivolumab monotherapy showed high response and disease control rates in patients with pathogenic exonuclease domain POLE (edPOLE)-mutated, mismatch repair (MMR)-proficient advanced tumors containing confirmed pathogenic mutations, according to findings presented by Benoit J.C. Rousseau, MD, PhD, of ...

Immunotherapy

Meta-analyses of Quality of Life in Patients Treated With Checkpoint Inhibitors

Findings from two meta-analyses designed to summarize quality-of-life data on patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for cancer were presented at the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 1568O). These meta-analyses found that patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors had...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Newer Therapeutic Approaches Improving Outcomes in Hodgkin Lymphoma

At the 2020 Debates and Didactics in Hematology and Oncology Virtual Conference, sponsored by Emory University School of Medicine and Winship Cancer Institute, Pamela Allen, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Emory, described recent trials on therapeutic approaches that are informative on this...

Breast Cancer

Abbreviated Breast MRI as Supplementary Screening Method in Women With Dense Breasts

In a single-institution retrospective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Weinstein et al identified the prevalent cancer detection rate associated with supplemental abbreviated breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) screening among average-risk women with dense breasts who had...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Nivolumab vs Ipilimumab in Resected Advanced Melanoma: Long-Term Follow-up of CheckMate 238

Long-term findings from the phase III CheckMate 238 study showed that nivolumab improved 4-year recurrence-free survival compared with ipilimumab in patients with resected stage IIIB to C or IV melanoma in the overall population as well as across subgroups of patients stratified by disease stage...

Gynecologic Cancers

Does Radical Hysterectomy Improve Survival in Patients With Cervical Cancer and Intraoperative Detection of Positive Lymph Nodes?

No significant difference was observed in the risk of recurrence, local recurrence, or death between patients with cervical cancer in whom a radical uterine procedure (mostly radical hysterectomy) was completed or abandoned upon intraoperative detection of positive pelvic lymph nodes. These...

Pancreatic Cancer

Neoadjuvant Therapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

The challenge in treating patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer is how to render tumors resectable and how to achieve the negative surgical margins that enhance long-term survival odds. Fortunately, neoadjuvant chemotherapy is helping to achieve these important goals, according to...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Early-Phase Trial Explores Cabozantinib and Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Advanced Genitourinary Malignancies

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Andrea B. Apolo, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of cabozantinib and nivolumab, as well as the combination of cabozantinib/nivolumab plus ipilimumab, produced durable responses in patients with metastatic urothelial...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Association of Tumor Mutational Burden With Response to Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

A prospective biomarker analysis of the multicohort phase II KEYNOTE-158 trial reported by Marabelle et al in The Lancet Oncology found that patients with previously treated advanced solid tumors were more likely to respond to pembrolizumab monotherapy if they had high tissue tumor mutational...

Lung Cancer

Study Examines Combined Impact of Aspirin, Metformin, and Statins on Lung Cancer Risk

Combined use of aspirin, metformin, and statins may be associated with decreased lung cancer incidence and mortality, according to a study published by Kang et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology.

Study Methods

The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of the three agents with...

Lung Cancer

Disease-Free Survival With Adjuvant Osimertinib in Resected EGFR-Mutant NSCLC: ADAURA Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Wu et al, the phase III ADAURA trial has shown significantly prolonged disease-free survival with adjuvant osimertinib vs placebo in patients with resected EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These findings were also presented during ...

Prostate Cancer

Overall Survival With Apalutamide in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Analysis From the SPARTAN Trial

As reported in European Urology by Matthew R. Smith, MD, and colleagues, the final analysis of phase III SPARTAN trial has shown significant prolongation of overall survival with apalutamide vs placebo in patients with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and prostate-specific antigen ...

Gynecologic Cancers

SOLO1 5-Year Follow-up: Maintenance Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Advanced Ovarian Cancer

Almost half of patients who received the PARP inhibitor olaparib for newly diagnosed BRCA-mutated advanced ovarian cancer remained disease-free after 5 years, according to data presented by Susana Banerjee, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues during the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 811MO). Patients...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management

Olanzapine for Children and Adolescents Receiving Highly Emetogenic Chemotherapy

In a single-center Indian phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Naik et al found that the addition of olanzapine to standard antiemetic treatment significantly increased the rate of complete response (CR; defined as no vomiting or use of rescue medication) among children and ...

Colorectal Cancer

Is Drinking Coffee Daily Linked to Improved Survival in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer?

In a large group of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, consumption of a few cups of coffee a day was associated with longer survival and reduced risk of disease progression, according to findings reported by Mackintosh et al in JAMA Oncology.

The findings, based on data from a large...

COVID-19

Joint Statement From the AMA, AHA, and ANA on U.S. Coronavirus Death Toll

Today, the American Medical Association (AMA), American Hospital Association (AHA), and American Nurses Association (ANA) released a joint statement on the amount of deaths caused by the coronavirus in the United States.

Today we mark a somber milestone as more than 200,000 people in the United...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Checkpoint Inhibitors May Improve Survival in Gastroesophageal Cancers

Immune therapy for advanced gastroesophageal cancer has taken a leap forward by showing its value in the first-line setting, according to two studies in which nivolumab and pembrolizumab, both given with chemotherapy, significantly improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone. The studies,...

Prostate Cancer

Overall Survival Analysis From PROfound Trial: Olaparib for Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine and during the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 610O) by Maha Hussain, MD, FACP, FASCO, and colleagues, an overall survival analysis from the phase III PROfound trial has shown a significant benefit with olaparib vs physician’s choice of...

Sarcoma

Surgery With or Without Preoperative Radiotherapy for Primary Retroperitoneal Sarcoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Bonvalot et al, the phase III EORTC-62092 (STRASS) trial showed that the addition of preoperative radiotherapy to surgery did not improve abdominal recurrence–free survival in patients with primary retroperitoneal sarcoma.

Study Details

In the open-label trial, ...

Issues in Oncology

New Report Focuses on Cancer Statistics in Adolescents and Young Adults

A new report examining cancer in adolescents and young adults (AYAs, defined as diagnoses occurring between the ages of 15 and 39) provides updated estimates of the contemporary cancer burden in this age group, with predictions that 89,500 cases and 9,270 deaths will occur in this group in 2020 in...

lymphoma
prostate cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Prostate Cancer, Mantle Cell Lymphoma

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted new drug applications for enzalutamide in metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer and zanubrutinib in relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma, and granted both applications Priority Review. Priority Review for Enzalutamide in ...

skin cancer

Genomic Landscape of Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Researchers have developed the largest descriptive genomic analysis of patients with Merkel cell carcinoma to date. Their analysis, published by Knepper et al in Clinical Cancer Research, will provide important information to improve the care and treatment of patients with Merkel cell...

lung cancer

Addition of Pemetrexed/Carboplatin to Gefitinib in Advanced EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

In an Indian single-center phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Noronha et al found that the addition of pemetrexed/carboplatin to gefitinib improved progression-free and overall survival in first-line treatment of advanced EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung cancer...

head and neck cancer

Swallowing-Related Quality of Life After Radiotherapy vs Surgery for Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In the phase II ORATOR trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nichols et al found a statistical but not clinically meaningful improvement in swallowing-related quality of life outcomes 1 year after treatment with radiotherapy vs transoral robotic surgery and neck dissection in patients with...

bladder cancer

Gemcitabine/Eribulin in Cisplatin-Ineligible Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In the final analysis from a phase II California Cancer Consortium trial (NCI-9653) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sadeghi et al found the combination of gemcitabine and eribulin showed activity in cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Study Details...

colorectal cancer

Oral Antibiotics and Risk of Colon or Rectal Cancer

In an extensive data mining analysis of British medical records, researchers found that taking even a single course of antibiotics might boost—albeit slightly—the risk of developing colon cancer, but not rectal cancer, a decade later. The findings, reported by Zhang et al in Gut,...

skin cancer

Impact of Genes on Total Number and Type of Nevi

A study by Duffy et al in the Journal of Investigative Dermatology reported on specific gene variations affecting the number and types of moles on the body and their role in causing skin cancer.  “The goal was to investigate the genetic underpinnings of different mole classes, or...

head and neck cancer

Deintensified Chemoradiotherapy for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chera et al found that deintensified chemoradiotherapy produced favorable outcomes in human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 114 patients were recruited...

breast cancer
gynecologic cancer

USPSTF Recommendation on Risk Assessment, Genetic Counseling, and Genetic Testing for BRCA-Related Cancer

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommended risk assessment and, if indicated, genetic counseling and testing for potentially harmful BRCA1/2 mutations in women with a personal or family history of breast, ovarian, tubal, or peritoneal cancer or who have...

head and neck cancer

Incidence of HPV-Associated Head and Neck Cancers in the United States

In a study by Mahal et al published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers conducted a population-based assessment of the incidence and demographic burden of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in the United States. The researchers...

issues in oncology

Racial Reporting and Representation in Oncology Trials

New research published by Loree et al in JAMA Oncology found that race and race subgroup analysis reporting does not occur frequently and that black and Hispanic populations are underrepresented in oncology trials that have led to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approvals. The study raises...

breast cancer

Total Cumulative Chemotherapy Dose and Survival in Breast Cancer

Physicians should attempt to maintain full doses of chemotherapy, especially early in the course of treatment, for patients with intermediate- or high-risk breast cancer, according to research published by Veitch et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The...

pancreatic cancer

Adavosertib Plus Gemcitabine and Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a phase I dose-escalation trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cuneo et al established the phase II dose of the Wee1 kinase inhibitor adavosertib in combination with gemcitabine and radiotherapy in locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Wee1 inhibition impedes DNA damage response and ...

skin cancer
symptom management

Risk of Cardiovascular Adverse Events in Patients With Melanoma Treated With Combined BRAF and MEK Inhibition vs BRAF Inhibition Alone

In a meta-analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Mincu et al found that the risk of some types of cardiovascular adverse events was higher with combined BRAF and MEK inhibitor treatment vs BRAF inhibitor monotherapy in patients with melanoma. The meta-analysis included 2,317 patients in five...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Brentuximab Vedotin in Relapsed or Refractory Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Zinzani et al, findings in a phase II expansion cohort of the CheckMate 436 study indicated high levels of activity with the combination of nivolumab and brentuximab vedotin in relapsed or refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma. As...

issues in oncology

Obesity-Associated Cancers and Age Demographics

A study published by Koroukian et al in JAMA Network Open found that from 2000 to 2016, incident obesity-associated cancers were increasingly found in younger age groups. The authors suggest that interventions are needed to reduce obesity and to implement individualized screening programs. The...

solid tumors
immunotherapy

T-Cell Receptor Gene Therapy in HPV-Associated Epithelial Cancers

In a first-in-human phase I/II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Doran et al found that autologous genetically engineered T cells expressing a T-cell receptor directed against the human papillomavirus (HPV)16 E6 oncoprotein were capable of inducing tumor regression in metastatic,...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Letrozole Plus Taselisib or Placebo in Postmenopausal Women With ER-Positive, HER2-Negative Early Breast Cancer

In the phase II LORELEI trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saura et al found that the addition of the phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) inhibitor taselisib to neoadjuvant letrozole improved objective response rates but not pathologic complete response rates in women with estrogen receptor...

issues in oncology

Relationship Between Sleep Apnea and Cancer Risk in Women

Women with severe sleep apnea appear to also have an elevated risk of developing cancer, according to findings from a study by Pataka et al in the European Respiratory Journal. No causal relationship was demonstrated, but a link between nocturnal hypoxia in women and higher cancer risk was...

NCORP Expands to More Sites

The National Cancer Institute (NCI) has awarded 53 grants to researchers in the NCI Community Oncology Research Program (NCORP) to conduct multisite cancer clinical trials and cancer care delivery studies in their communities. In addition to seven research hubs, these NCI grants went to 32...

prostate cancer

Mortality Risk for Patients With Preexisting Cardiovascular Conditions Treated With Abiraterone Acetate or Enzalutamide

A new population-based study showed that novel oral androgen signaling–inhibitor therapies may be associated with an increased risk of death in patients with preexisting cardiovascular conditions. The research was published by Lu-Yao et al in European Urology. “Data from published ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Pooled Analysis of 4-Year Survival With Nivolumab Therapy in Patients With Previously Treated Advanced NSCLC

In an analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Antonia et al identified long-term survival rates with nivolumab therapy in patients with previously treated advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The pooled analysis included data from the CheckMate 017, 057, 063, and 003 trials, each...

pancreatic cancer

Surgical Resection Among Patients Receiving Primary Chemotherapy for Borderline Resectable and Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In an Italian prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Maggino et al found that among patients receiving primary chemotherapy for newly diagnosed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, conversion to surgical resection was achieved in 24% of those with borderline resectable disease and 9% of...

colorectal cancer

Does Exercise Improve Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer?

Patients with metastatic colorectal cancer who engaged in moderate exercise while undergoing chemotherapy tended to have delayed progression of their disease and fewer severe side effects from treatment, according to the results of a new study published by Guercio et al in the Journal of Clinical...

FDA OCE and Syapse Announce Research Collaboration Focused on Regulatory Use of Real-World Evidence

Syapse and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Oncology Center of Excellence (OCE) have signed a multiyear research collaboration agreement focused on the use of real-world evidence to support regulatory decision-making. Syapse and the OCE will work with stakeholders across the FDA to...

leukemia
prostate cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

FDA Pipeline: Designation in CLL, New Drug Application in GIST, New Prostate Ablation System Receives 510(k) Clearance

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to acalabrutinib in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), accepted a new drug application for avapritinib in some types of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST), and granted 501(k) clearance to market the...

hematologic malignancies

FDA Approves Fedratinib for Myelofibrosis

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fedratinib (Inrebic) for adults with intermediate-2 or high-risk primary or secondary (postpolycythemia vera or postessential thrombocythemia) myelofibrosis. “Prior to today, there was one FDA-approved drug to treat patients with...

solid tumors

Relapse of Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors During Active Surveillance

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hamilton et al found that relapses of clinical stage I nonseminomatous germ cell tumors (NSGCT) during postorchiectomy active surveillance most frequently occurred in the retroperitoneum and were cured by single-modality...

breast cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA and Relapse in Early-Stage Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Garcia-Murillas et al found that detection of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) during follow-up after initial treatment for early breast cancer was associated with a high risk of relapse. Detection at diagnosis was also associated with poorer relapse-free...

issues in oncology

Single-Institution Study of Next-Generation Sequencing Outcomes in Patients With Cancer

In a single-institution retrospective study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Davis and colleagues found that next-generation sequencing (NGS) tests resulted in changes in management in a small proportion of patients with cancer. Study Details The study involved retrospective review...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
head and neck cancer
lung cancer

FDA Approves Entrectinib for NTRK-Fusion Cancers, ROS1-Positive NSCLC

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to entrectinib (Rozlytrek) for adult and adolescent patients whose cancers have an NTRK (neurotrophic tyrosine receptor kinase) genetic fusion and for whom there are no effective treatments. Entrectinib was also...

hepatobiliary cancer

CD8-Positive, Ki67-Positive T Cells Producing Interferon Gamma as a Biomarker of Response to Sorafenib Therapy in Patients With Advanced HCC

Immunology researchers have uncovered a biomarker that may help explain why some patients respond better than others to sorafenib, a common chemotherapy used in the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Their analysis of immune responses among patients receiving sorafenib, published by...

breast cancer
survivorship

Adiposity Distribution and Risk for Cardiovascular Disease Among Breast Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cespedes Feliciano et al found that increased visceral and intramuscular adiposity were associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease among breast cancer survivors, independent of baseline risk factors and cancer treatment. Study...

lung cancer

Olaparib/Temozolomide Shows Activity in Patients With Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancer

Small cell lung cancer accounts for approximately 15% of all lung cancers and has high metastatic potential and poor clinical outcomes. While untreated small cell lung cancers are usually highly sensitive to cytotoxic chemotherapy—with response rates of between 50% and 70%—patients...

prostate cancer

FDA Review Finds No Increased Risk of Prostate Cancer With Parkinson's Disease Treatments Containing Entacapone

A U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) review of additional data found no increased risk of prostate cancer with the use of entacapone to treat Parkinson’s disease. The FDA conducted this review after an earlier trial—the Stalevo Reduction in Dyskinesia Evaluation–Parkinson's...

issues in oncology

Age Disparities Among Patients in Cancer Clinical Trials and Patients With Cancer in the General Population

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ludmir et al found that the median age of patients with common cancers enrolled in clinical trials was substantially lower than the median age of patients with the same cancers in the general population. Age disparity was greater in industry-funded trials....

prostate cancer

Are MRI-Assisted Biopsies More Effective Than Standard Ultrasound-Guided Biopsies Alone in the Detection of Prostate Cancer?

Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to target biopsies is more effective at detecting prostate cancers that are likely to need treatment than standard ultrasound-guided biopsies alone, according to research published by Elwenspoek et al in JAMA Network Open. Prostate biopsies can cause side...

pancreatic cancer

Germline RABL3 Mutation May Increase Risk of Pancreatic Cancer Development

Scientists who studied a highly cancer-prone single family have identified a rare, inherited gene mutation that may raise the lifetime risk of pancreatic and other cancers. Their findings were published by Nissim et al in Nature Genetics. The discovery of the previously unknown mutation could lead ...

immunotherapy

Immune-Related Adverse Events Requiring Hospitalization in Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a single-center analysis reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Balaji et al found that immune-related adverse events associated with immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment often require hospitalization and multidisciplinary management. The study involved data from patients who had...

issues in oncology

Outcomes Among Older HIV-Positive Patients With Cancer in the United States

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Coghill et al found that outcomes are often worse among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients aged 65 years or older with cancer vs HIV-negative patients with cancer, after adjustment for the first courses of treatment. In the study,...

lung cancer

Addition of Cediranib to Cisplatin/Pemetrexed in Chemotherapy-Naive Unresectable Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

In the phase II SWOG S0905 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tsao et al found that the addition of the epidermal growth factor receptor and platelet-derived growth factor receptor inhibitor cediranib to cisplatin/pemetrexed was associated with limited benefit and greater toxicity...

hepatobiliary cancer

Outcomes in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease–Associated HCC

A recent study has found that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease–associated hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is associated with greater surgical morbidity and postresection liver failure, but long-term survival was better than in non–nonalcoholic fatty liver disease etiologies. These...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Access to Care and Quality of Life Among Sexual Minority Cancer Survivors

In a study published by Boehmer et al in Cancer, researchers found access to care among sexual minority cancer survivors was lacking. Moreover, sexual minority women with poor access to care, in particular, had a worse quality of life. Methods Researchers performed a secondary analysis of 4...

solid tumors

Pazopanib or Methotrexate/Vinblastine in Progressive Desmoid Tumors

In the French Sarcoma Group noncomparative phase II DESMOPAZ trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Toulmonde et al found that the oral vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor inhibitor pazopanib was active in adult patients with progressive desmoid tumors. As noted by the investigators, ...

cns cancers

Response- and Biology-Based Therapy for Pediatric Intermediate-Risk Neuroblastoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Twist et al, use of reduced therapy for subsets of pediatric patients with intermediate-risk neuroblastoma in the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) study ANBL0531 did not affect the excellent overall survival rates observed in prior COG studies ...

pancreatic cancer

USPSTF Recommendation on Screening for Pancreatic Cancer in Asymptomatic Adults

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in a reaffirmation of its 2004 recommendation, has recommended against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults (a grade D recommendation). In developing the current recommendation, the USPSTF reviewed...

breast cancer

Circulating Tumor DNA Analysis for Detection of Residual Disease in Breast Cancer

Researchers have developed a new method for tracking residual disease in patients with breast cancer that could one day help doctors better tailor treatments and prevent unnecessary surgeries for some people with the disease. Findings were published by McDonald et al in Science Translational...

hematologic malignancies

First-Degree Familial Risk in Blood Cancer Development

New data suggest that people who have a parent, sibling, or child with blood cancer have a higher likelihood of being diagnosed with a hematologic malignancy themselves. A study by Sud et al published in Blood offers the first...

skin cancer

Can Genetic Counseling and Test Reporting in Patients Susceptible to Melanoma Development Change Behavior?

A new study published by Stump et al in Genetics in Medicine investigated whether genetic testing would motivate people at risk of developing melanoma to alter their behavior in order to reduce their risk. “We are trying to understand whether a genetic test result adds value over and above...

prostate cancer

Comparison of Scans for Detection of Early Biochemical Recurrence of Prostate Cancer After Prostatectomy

In a single-center study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Calais et al found that the use of gallium Ga-68 prostate-specific membrane antigen-11 positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PSMA PET/CT) resulted in higher detection rates of early biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer after ...

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