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Prostate Cancer
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO Congress 2019: Quick Takes From Key Clinical Trials

The ESMO Congress continues to grow as a pivotal platform for research in clinical oncology. At the ESMO Congress 2019, important findings were showcased in more than 2,200 studies, including 93 late-breaking abstracts. The ASCO Post summarized much of that news in separate articles over several...

Pancreatic Cancer

Management of Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: A Call for Action

Advances in systemic therapy and supportive care, as well as ongoing improvements in surgical techniques, have led to improved survival for many patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. We have observed increased survival with FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Global Burden of Pancreatic Cancer From 1990–2017

The incidence and mortality rates of pancreatic cancer have increased in 195 countries and territories over a 27-year period, according to a systematic analysis performed within the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 and published in The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology. The study is the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Nab-paclitaxel/Gemcitabine/Cisplatin for Previously Untreated, Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a phase Ib/II pilot study reported in JAMA Oncology, Jameson et al found that treatment with nab-paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and cisplatin was active in patients with previously untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Study Details In the study, 25 patients were enrolled between...

Pancreatic Cancer
Supportive Care

2019 Supportive Care: Racial Disparities in Use of Hospice Care Near Death Among Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

A study investigating the utilization of hospice care among racial/ethnic minority patients following treatment for pancreatic cancer has found that African American and Hispanic patients who underwent surgical removal of the pancreas were less likely than white patients to use hospice services at...

Pancreatic Cancer

New Results From the TAPUR Study Reported in JCO Precision Oncology

New results from ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) Study demonstrated that single-agent palbociclib has no meaningful clinical activity in patients with CDKN2A-mutated or -deleted advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. The results, based on data...

Pancreatic Cancer

ESMO 2019: High Conversion Rate With Certain Induction Chemotherapy Regimens Is Associated With Improved Overall Survival in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

Induction chemotherapy with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine or sequential FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) followed by surgical exploration induced high conversion rates in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer, and conversion was associated with...

pancreatic cancer

Volker Kunzmann, MD, on Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Findings on nab-Paclitaxel/Gemcitabine and FOLFIRINOX

Volker Kunzmann, MD, of the University of Würzburg/Comprehensive Cancer Center Mainfranken, discusses the final results of a phase II multicenter trial on the conversion rate in locally advanced pancreatic cancer after nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine- or FOLFIRINOX-based induction chemotherapy (Abstract 671O).

Pancreatic Cancer

Sita Kugel, PhD, Receives Grant to Study Aggressive Type of Pancreatic Cancer

The deadly nature of most pancreatic tumors is well known, with less than 10% of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma estimated to survive 5 years after diagnosis. Recent molecular analyses of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma have shown that a patient’s prognosis changes depending on the...

Pancreatic Cancer

ASTRO Guideline on Use of Radiation Therapy for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides recommendations on the use of radiation therapy to treat patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, including when radiation treatments are appropriate, as well as the optimal dosing, timing, and...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Results From the TAPUR Study on Palbociclib for Pancreatic Cancer and Cholangiocarcinoma

New results from ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study have demonstrated that single-agent palbociclib has no meaningful clinical activity in patients with CDKN2A-mutated or -deleted advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma. These findings were...

Pancreatic Cancer

Role of the YAP Regulatory Network in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Researchers have decoded a chain of molecules that are critical for the growth and survival of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. They say their findings, published by Murakami et al in Developmental Cell, suggest that inhibiting the YAP biologic network may effectively regress early-stage...

Pancreatic Cancer

USPSTF Recommendation on Screening for Pancreatic Cancer in Asymptomatic Adults

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in a reaffirmation of its 2004 recommendation, has recommended against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults (a grade D recommendation).1 In developing the current recommendation, the USPSTF reviewed evidence on ...

pancreatic cancer

Adavosertib Plus Gemcitabine and Radiotherapy in Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a phase I dose-escalation trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cuneo et al established the phase II dose of the Wee1 kinase inhibitor adavosertib in combination with gemcitabine and radiotherapy in locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Wee1 inhibition impedes DNA damage response and ...

pancreatic cancer

Surgical Resection Among Patients Receiving Primary Chemotherapy for Borderline Resectable and Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In an Italian prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Maggino et al found that among patients receiving primary chemotherapy for newly diagnosed pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, conversion to surgical resection was achieved in 24% of those with borderline resectable disease and 9% of...

pancreatic cancer

Germline RABL3 Mutation May Increase Risk of Pancreatic Cancer Development

Scientists who studied a highly cancer-prone single family have identified a rare, inherited gene mutation that may raise the lifetime risk of pancreatic and other cancers. Their findings were published by Nissim et al in Nature Genetics. The discovery of the previously unknown mutation could lead ...

pancreatic cancer

USPSTF Recommendation on Screening for Pancreatic Cancer in Asymptomatic Adults

As reported in JAMA, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in a reaffirmation of its 2004 recommendation, has recommended against screening for pancreatic cancer in asymptomatic adults (a grade D recommendation). In developing the current recommendation, the USPSTF reviewed...

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the first stage of a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, O’Reilly et al found poor activity of durvalumab with or without tremelimumab in metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Owing to the lack of efficacy, study expansion was not pursued.   The lead-in open-label safety ...

pancreatic cancer

Artificial Intelligence to Guide Management of Pancreatic Cysts

In a proof-of-concept study, an international scientific team has shown that a laboratory test using artificial intelligence tools has the potential to more accurately sort out which people with pancreatic cysts will eventually develop pancreatic cancers. Their findings were published by Springer...

pancreatic cancer

AACR Immune Cell Therapies: Early Study Results Suggest Activity of Multiantigen T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Findings from a small phase I study investigating a nonengineered, multiantigen-specific T-cell therapy for the treatment of pancreatic cancer has found that the therapy had clinical activity and was safe and well tolerated. The early results suggest that the immune cell therapy may provide a...

colorectal cancer
pancreatic cancer

Does the Association Between Diet and Colonic Mucosa–Associated Microbiota Affect Cancer Risk?

A report published by Liu et al in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition found an association between diet quality and microbiome composition in human colonic mucosa. The researchers found that a high-quality diet is linked to more potentially beneficial bacteria, whereas a...

pancreatic cancer

Biliary Microbiome Altered in Patients Undergoing Surgery After Neoadjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Cancer

The biliary microbiome was altered in patients who received neoadjuvant therapy prior to undergoing surgery for pancreatic cancer, according to a study published by Goel et al in HPB. Additionally, more bacteria in patients who underwent surgery after neoadjuvant therapy were resistant to...

Pancreatic Cancer

APACT Trial: Nab-paclitaxel/Gemcitabine vs Gemcitabine Alone in Adjuvant Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer

The largest adjuvant trial in pancreatic adenocarcinoma, the global phase III APACT trial, evaluated the combination of adjuvant nab-paclitaxel/gemcitabine vs gemcitabine monotherapy in patients with resected pancreatic cancer. Results of the study were reported by Margaret A. Tempero, MD, of the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Wells Messersmith, MD, and Allyson Ocean, MD

“THE RATIONALE for the POLO study is sound,” said invited study discussant Wells Messersmith, MD. “There’s clearly an unmet need in pancreatic cancer, and there are promising data for poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in other BRCA-mutated tumors.” Dr. Messersmith is Professor and Head ...

Pancreatic Cancer

POLO Trial Shows Maintenance Olaparib Improves Progression-Free Survival in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and germline mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2, maintenance therapy with olaparib doubled the time to disease progression and the proportion of patients who were progression-free at 2 years, in the phase III POLO trial.1 “Maintenance olaparib provided a...

hepatobiliary cancer
pancreatic cancer

Serum MicroRNAs for the Diagnosis of Pancreatic and Biliary Tract Cancers

Diagnosis of pancreatic and biliary tract cancers is complex and challenging due to the lack of symptoms and/or the difficulty of direct, invasive, and imaging-based methods of diagnosis. In an effort to develop better diagnostic markers for these diseases, Kim et al analyzed the genome-wide...

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Adjuvant Nab-paclitaxel and Gemcitabine

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, discusses phase III results from the multicenter APACT trial, which showed that adjuvant nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine may be an option for patients who are ineligible for treatment with FOLFIRINOX (Abstract 4000).

pancreatic cancer

2019 ASCO: POLO: Maintenance Olaparib in Germline BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

The randomized phase III POLO trial found that maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor olaparib significantly delayed the progression of metastatic pancreatic cancer in patients with germline BRCA gene mutations compared with placebo (median...

pancreatic cancer

Alok A. Khorana, MD, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: POLO Trial on Olaparib as Maintenance Therapy

Alok A. Khorana, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, and Hedy L. Kindler, MD, of The University of Chicago, discuss phase III findings on olaparib as maintenance treatment following first-line platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and a germline BRCA mutation (Abstract LBA4).

Pancreatic Cancer

Expect Questions About Screening for Pancreatic Cancer

Although the detection of pancreatic cancer at early stages would offer an improved chance for successful treatment and survival, symptoms of pancreatic cancer are usually vague or absent, and screening to detect pancreatic cancer earlier is not recommended for average-risk asymptomatic patients....

Pancreatic Cancer

Lifestyle Modifications and Screening of Patients at High Risk Can Reduce Deaths From Pancreatic Cancer

After disclosing that he had been diagnosed with stage IV pancreatic cancer, Alex Trebek, longtime host of the popular television game show Jeopardy!, vowed that he would beat the disease despite the low associated survival rate. His statement has brought pancreatic cancer back into the public...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Shows Rucaparib Active as Maintenance Therapy in Pancreatic Cancer

The poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor rucaparib holds promise as maintenance therapy for advanced, platinum-sensitive, BRCA- or PALB2-mutated pancreatic cancer, according to an interim analysis of an ongoing phase II clinical trial presented at the 2019 Annual Meeting of the American...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

ASCO Clinical Opinion Recommends Germline Testing for All Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

The recently released ASCO Clinical Practice Provisional Clinical Opinion on Evaluating Susceptibility to Pancreatic Cancer highlights the importance of emerging data indicating a relatively high rate of germline mutations in pancreatic cancer.1 Recent studies have demonstrated that up to 1 in 10...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Sarcoma
Leukemia
Skin Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2019 Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®), covering eight tumor types. NCCN Guidelines are now published for more than 70 tumor types and topics. Some of the key updates for 2019 were presented...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Finds Immune Enrichment Improves Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer With Activated but Not Normal Stroma

ALTHOUGH IMMUNOTHERAPIES have had limited success in pancreatic cancer to date, findings from a molecular analysis of the tumor microenvironment suggest that certain subtypes may be more responsive to treatment. According to data presented at the 2019 Society of Surgical Oncology Annual Cancer...

Breast Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Sarcoma
Immunotherapy
Issues in Oncology

AACR Study Presentations Include New Data in Breast and Prostate Cancers, Sarcoma, and High-Risk Individuals

THE 2019 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting was held March 29 to April 3 in Atlanta. In addition to our regular coverage of news stories from the meeting, here are some brief highlights of additional noteworthy studies. Stage IV HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Surgery or No ...

pancreatic cancer

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms and Survival After Pancreatic Cancer Resection

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Dimitrakopoulos et al found two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in noncoding, functional regions of genes that regulate cancer progression. They were associated with survival after resection of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. The study involved...

pancreatic cancer

Factors Contributing to Improved Survival Following Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Borderline/Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

A newly published Mayo Clinic study has found that a presurgery treatment plan for patients with borderline/locally advanced pancreatic cancer undergoing total neoadjuvant therapy may improve outcomes. The findings were published by Truty et al in Annals of Surgery. The study followed 194...

Immunotherapy
Pancreatic Cancer

VISTA Checkpoint Implicated in Pancreatic Cancer Immunotherapy Resistance

Researchers have identified a new potential immunotherapy target in pancreatic cancer, which so far has been notoriously resistant to treatment with immune checkpoint blockade drugs effective against a variety of other cancers. A research team from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center...

Pancreatic Cancer

Trends in Neoadjuvant Therapy for Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

SEVERAL STUDIES at the 2019 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium evaluated the benefits of neoadjuvant treatment in patients with pancreatic cancer—and in patients deemed fully resectable, not just “borderline” resectable.1-3 Although the standard of care for resectable pancreatic ductal...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2019: Maintenance Rucaparib Treatment in BRCA- or PALB2-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

Maintenance treatment with the PARP inhibitor rucaparib was well tolerated and showed activity among patients with advanced BRCA- or PALB2-mutated pancreatic cancer sensitive to platinum-based chemotherapy, according to results from an interim analysis of an ongoing phase II clinical...

pancreatic cancer

AACR 2019: Higher BMI Before Age 50 May Increase Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

A higher body mass index (BMI) before age 50 may be more strongly associated with pancreatic cancer mortality risk than excess weight at older age, according to the results of a study presented by Jacobs et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2019 (Abstract...

pancreatic cancer

Germline Mutations and Risk for Neoplastic Disease Progression During Pancreatic Surveillance

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Abe et al found previously unidentified deleterious germline mutations in patients with family history as the basis for pancreatic surveillance. Moreover, the study showed the risk of pancreatic cancer was higher in individuals with germline...

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2019: CD40 Antibody Combined With Chemotherapy in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

An interim analysis of a small phase Ib study by O’Hara et al evaluating the CD40 agonistic monoclonal antibody APX005M in combination with gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel with or without the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor nivolumab in untreated patients with metastatic...

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: NCCN Guidelines Updates

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, of the UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses new adjuvant therapy options for patients with pancreatic cancer, and germline testing, including testing for microsatellite instability/mismatch repair genes as well as molecular analysis of all tumors.

pancreatic cancer

Addition of Pegylated Recombinant Human Hyaluronidase to FOLFIRINOX in Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

In the phase I/II SWOG S1313 trial, which was reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ramanathan et al, researchers found that the addition of pegylated recombinant human hyaluronidase (PEGPH20) to modified (m) FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) worsened...

Pancreatic Cancer

The Pancreatic Cancer Collective Awards $7 Million to Teams of Researchers in Pancreatic Cancer

The Pancreatic Cancer Collective—the strategic partner of the Lustgarten Foundation and Stand Up To Cancer (SU2C)—has awarded a total of $7 million in first-round New Therapies Challenge grants to 7 teams of top cancer researchers to explore new pancreatic cancer treatments. Each team will receive...

Pancreatic Cancer

Mutations in DNA Damage Repair Predict Benefit With Platinum Agents in Pancreatic Cancer

Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer who have homologous repair damage response mutations may derive considerable benefit from treatment with platinum agents, according to an analysis of patients in the Know Your Tumor Program presented by Michael Pishvaian, MD, PhD, of Georgetown University,...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Andrew X. Zhu, MD, PhD

ANDREW X. ZHU, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center and Harvard Medical School, noted that Prep-02/ JSAP-05 is the first study to show the value of neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with resectable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. However, the findings are applicable only to Asian ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Emerging Role for Neoadjuvant Treatment of Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

SEVERAL STUDIES presented at the 2019 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium evaluated the benefits of neoadjuvant treatment in patients with pancreatic cancer—and in patients deemed fully resectable, not just “borderline” resectable.1-3 Although the standard of care for resectable pancreatic ductal...

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