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Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Addition of Chemoradiation to Adjuvant Systemic Therapy: Differences in Node-Negative vs Node-Positive Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers have examined whether adding chemoradiation to adjuvant systemic therapy may improve survival outcomes in patients with resected periampullary pancreatic adenocarcinoma, according to recent findings presented by Abrams et al at the 2024 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 4005). Study Methods ...

pancreatic cancer

Efrat Dotan, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer in Older Adults: Defining the Optimal Treatment Approach

Efrat Dotan, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses results from the phase II EA2186 trial, the first prospective study aiming to define the optimal treatment approach for vulnerable older adults with newly diagnosed metastatic pancreatic cancer (Abstract 4003).

pancreatic cancer

Belinda Lee, MBBS, on Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer: New Data on Guiding Adjuvant Chemotherapy

Belinda Lee, MBBS, of Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Northern Health, Walter & Eliza Hall Institute, Melbourne, discusses findings from the AGITG DYNAMIC-Pancreas trial on the potential role of serial circulating tumor DNA testing after upfront surgery to guide adjuvant chemotherapy for early-stage disease (Abstract 107).

Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Pancreatic Cancer: Sociodemographic Disparities and Fragmented Care

Investigators found that fragmented care may be more prevalent among patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who receive single-modality neoadjuvant therapy compared with those who receive total neoadjuvant therapy, according to findings presented by Taylor et al during Digestive Disease Week (DDW) ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Is a Test for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer on the Horizon?

An investigational noninvasive exosome-based liquid biopsy shows potential for early detection of pancreatic cancer, an important unmet need, according to research presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024.1 When combined with the biomarker CA 19-9, the...

Multiple Myeloma
Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Skin Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2024 Updates

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology (NCCN Guidelines®) in 1996, covering eight tumor types. Currently, guidelines are available for more than 60 tumor types, subtypes, and related topics. The NCCN’s 29th Annual Conference...

Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Improving Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer in High-Risk Patients

Researchers have identified a novel strategy to screen for pancreatic cancer in high-risk patients, according to a recent study published by Zogopoulos et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The findings demonstrated the feasibility of improving the early detection and ...

Pancreatic Cancer

An Exosome-Based Liquid Biopsy for Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer

An investigational exosome-based liquid biopsy accurately detected 97% of stage I to II pancreatic cancers when combined with the biomarker CA 19-9, according to research presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2024 (Abstract 3899). “Pancreatic cancer is one...

Pancreatic Cancer

Immune Response to Investigational RNA Vaccine for Pancreatic Cancer Continues to Correlate With Clinical Benefit

An adjuvant treatment regimen that included autogene cevumeran, an investigational individualized neoantigen-specific mRNA vaccine, induced durable and functional T-cell responses that were associated with a reduced risk of disease recurrence in certain patients with resectable pancreatic cancer,...

Pancreatic Cancer

Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Oncolytic Virus–Based Immunostimulatory Gene Therapy Plus Chemotherapy

In a single-center phase I/II study (LOKON001) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Musher et al found that treatment with an oncolytic virus–based immunostimulatory gene therapy (LOAd703) plus chemotherapy was feasible and safe in patients with unresectable or metastatic pancreatic ductal...

Pancreatic Cancer

Liposomal Irinotecan in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

On February 13, 2024, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved liposomal irinotecan (Onivyde) for use with oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin in the first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the open-label NAPOLI 3...

Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Ablative Stereotactic Magnetic Resonance–Guided Adaptive Radiation Therapy for Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Researchers have found that ablative stereotactic magnetic resonance (MR)-guided adaptive radiation therapy may improve local control and overall survival in patients with borderline resectable and locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, according to a recent study published by Chuong et ...

Pancreatic Cancer

System to Improve Clinical Staging in Localized Pancreatic Cancer

In a Trans-Atlantic Pancreatic Surgery Consortium study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dekker et al found that the “ABC” clinical staging system could be used to differentiate overall survival outcomes in patients with localized pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Study Details The...

Pancreatic Cancer

FDA Approves Irinotecan Liposome as First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

On February 13, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved irinotecan liposome (Onivyde) with oxaliplatin, fluorouracil, and leucovorin for the first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. NAPOLI-3 Efficacy was evaluated in NAPOLI-3 (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier...

colorectal cancer
pancreatic cancer

Jennifer Yon-Li Wo, MD, on Colorectal and Pancreatic Cancers: New Findings on SBRT With Ipilimumab and Nivolumab

Jennifer Yon-Li Wo, MD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses the local failure rate of non-ablative hypofractionated radiation therapy in combination with the immune checkpoint inhibitors ipilimumab and nivolumab compared to ablative SBRT to treat metastatic microsatellite-stable colorectal and pancreatic cancers as a secondary analysis of four prospective trials. Dr. Wo and her team found that, despite using nearly half the radiation dose in those who received immunotherapy, there was no significant difference in local failure rates (Abstract 752).

pancreatic cancer

Frank Kullmann, MD, on Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: Recent Data on Gemcitabine and Nab-Paclitaxel

Frank Kullmann, MD, of Germany’s Klinikum Weiden, discusses results from the ALPACA trial, which suggest a dose-reduced regimen with alternating cycles of gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine monotherapy after three induction cycles of standard gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel is feasible and associated with an overall survival comparable to that with standard treatment, as well as improved tolerability (Abstract 605).

Pancreatic Cancer

Gemcitabine/Paclitaxel vs Gemcitabine Alone After FOLFIRINOX in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by De La Fouchardière et al, the French phase III GEMPAX trial showed no overall survival benefit with second-line gemcitabine/paclitaxel vs gemcitabine alone after FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) in patients with metastatic...

Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Novel Molecular Twin Tool May Improve Precision Medicine Care in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

The novel artificial intelligence (AI)-based Molecular Twin Precision Oncology Platform may be capable of identifying biomarkers that may outperform the standard test for predicting pancreatic cancer survival, according to a recent study published by Osipov et al in Nature Cancer. Background...

Pancreatic Cancer

Addition of Avasopasem to SBRT in Localized Pancreatic Cancer

Editor’s note: On publication of this news item reporting on a paper by Dr. Cullen Taniguchi and colleagues, The ASCO Post learned of Dr. Taniguchi’s untimely death on November 14, 2023. To read about the remarkable life and career of Dr. Taniguchi, please visit gsbs.uth.edu. In a phase Ib/II trial ...

Pancreatic Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Novel Vaccine May Delay Relapse in KRAS-Mutated Pancreatic and Colorectal Cancers

A novel vaccine may be effective at preventing relapse in patients with KRAS-mutated pancreatic and colorectal cancers, according to a recent study published by Pant et al in Nature Medicine. Background KRAS-mutated cancers make up about 25% of all solid tumors, including 90% of pancreatic cancer...

Pancreatic Cancer

Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasms: Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, de la Fuente et al found that the risk of pancreatic cancer in patients with Fukuoka criteria–negative intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (F-N IPMNs) did not differ from that in patients without IPMNs. In addition, the small...

Breast Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

AI-Based Calculator May Accurately Predict Long-Term Cancer Survival

Researchers have developed a novel artificial intelligence (AI)-based Cancer Survival Calculator for estimating long-term survival in patients with newly diagnosed cancer, according to new findings presented by Janczewski et al at the American College of Surgeons (ACS) Clinical Congress 2023....

Pancreatic Cancer

First-Line NALIRIFOX vs Nab-paclitaxel/Gemcitabine in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: NAPOLI-3

As reported in The Lancet by Zev A. Wainberg, MD, and colleagues, the phase III NAPOLI-3 trial has shown a modest but significant improvement in overall survival with first-line NALIRIFOX (liposomal irinotecan, oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and fluorouracil) vs nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine in patients ...

Pancreatic Cancer

KRAS Wild-Type Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: Addition of Monoclonal Antibody to Chemotherapy

In the Chinese phase III NOTABLE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shukui Qin, MD, and colleagues examined the addition of the EGFR inhibitor nimotuzumab to gemcitabine in patients with KRAS wild-type locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer. Study Details In the...

Lymphoma
Pancreatic Cancer

Instinct and Perseverance Helped Save Me From Two Cancers

My intuition about my health has served me well over the past 10 years, possibly even saving my life from two serious cancers. In 2013, I was diagnosed with follicular lymphoma. I believe that my awareness of changes in my body led to its early discovery. One evening, after exercising at the gym...

Pancreatic Cancer
Supportive Care

Enhanced Recovery Program May Be Effective at Reducing Opioid Use After Pancreatic Cancer Surgery

Improving hospital care pathways may help reduce inpatient opioid use by 50% and cut the median opioid prescription volumes at discharge to zero in patients undergoing pancreatic cancer surgery, according to a recent study published by Boyev et al in JAMA Surgery. The new findings could help reduce ...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Germline Predisposition and Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Pancreatic Acinar Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mandelker et al found that pancreatic acinar cell carcinoma was associated with a high prevalence of BRCA2 germline pathogenic variants and genomic features of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD). The study involved somatic and germline ...

Neuroendocrine Tumors
Pancreatic Cancer

Study Shows Potential of Cabozantinib to Treat Patients With Advanced Neuroendocrine Tumors

An interim analysis of the CABINET trial has shown that the phase III pivotal trial has met its primary endpoint, according to a press release from the Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology. Cabozantinib demonstrated statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements in...

Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Are All Benzodiazepines Created Equal in Terms of Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer?

Patients with pancreatic cancer who were treated with the benzodiazepine lorazepam had shorter progression-free survival periods than patients who were not, according to study results published by Cornwell et al in Clinical Cancer Research. In contrast, patients who were treated with the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Does Benzo Type Impact Pancreatic Cancer Outcomes?

Pancreatic cancer has the poorest 5-year survival rate (12.5%) relative to all other cancers. In 2023, about 64,050 people will be diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, and approximately 50,550 will die of the disease. A retrospective study investigating the impact of palliative care medicine on the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Turning Fear Into Hope

The first sign that pancreatic cancer was stalking my family was in 1982, when my mother was diagnosed with stage IV disease. She was just 54 years old and died several months later. After two more family members in their early 50s were also diagnosed with the cancer, I began to worry that I would...

Pancreatic Cancer

Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant GVAX Plus Nivolumab and Urelemab May Increase Immune Response in Patients With Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

A combination of the pancreatic cancer vaccine GVAX, the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab, and the anti-CD137 agonist antibody urelemab may be safe and increase the amount of immune T cells in the tumors of patients with operable pancreatic cancer when given 2 weeks prior to surgical tumor...

Pancreatic Cancer

Staging Laparoscopy May Help Identify Early Metastases in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Performing a minimally invasive staging laparoscopy on patients with newly diagnosed pancreatic cancer may help determine the stage and identify cancer metastases early, according to a novel study published by Gudmundsdottir et al in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons. The new findings ...

Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Patients Whose Pancreatic Cysts Remain Stable for 5 Years May Have Decreased Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

Investigators have called into question the health benefit of extended surveillance for patients whose pancreatic cysts have not changed size for at least 5 years and had no worrisome features, according to a new study published by Chhoda et al in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology....

Pancreatic Cancer

DIPLOMA Trial: Minimally Invasive Distal Pancreatectomy Noninferior to Open Surgery for Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancer

For patients with fully resectable pancreatic cancer, a minimally invasive surgical approach—laparoscopic or robotic—was shown to be comparable to open distal pancreatectomy in the multicenter randomized phase III DIPLOMA trial. These results were presented at the 2023 ASCO Annual Meeting and at a...

Pancreatic Cancer

Early Detection of Pancreatic Cancer Saved My Life

When my sister was diagnosed with breast cancer 25 years ago, her medical team suggested we undergo genetic testing for the BRCA gene mutation. I knew that being a BRCA carrier put me at greater risk for breast and ovarian cancers, but I had no idea it also increased my risk for pancreatic cancer....

Pancreatic Cancer

Minimally Invasive Distal Pancreatectomy in Patients With Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

Results from the international, randomized DIPLOMA trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT04483726) comparing minimally invasive distal pancreatectomy (MIDP) with open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma showed that the rate of radical resection following...

Pancreatic Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Solid Tumors

Elena Garralda, MD, MSc, Discusses Findings From the KRYSTAL-1 Trial

Elena Garralda, MD, MSc, Director of Early Drug Development at Vall d’Hebron University Hospital and Director of the Phase I Unit at NEXT Oncology, Barcelona, was invited to discuss the KRYSTAL-1 findings. “In KRYSTAL-1, adagrasib monotherapy has demonstrated clinically meaningful activity in a...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Solid Tumors

KRYSTAL-1 Update: Adagrasib Yields Benefit in Variety of KRAS G12C–Mutated Tumors

In the phase I/II KRYSTAL-1 trial, the KRAS inhibitor adagrasib demonstrated clinical activity in previously treated patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, biliary tract cancer, and other solid tumors harboring KRAS G12C mutations, according to research presented at the ASCO Plenary Series ...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer

Risk of Early-Onset Digestive Tract Cancers Among Young Adults With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

In a Korean nationwide cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Park et al found that individuals aged 20 to 39 years with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were at an increased risk of developing early-onset digestive tract cancers. Study Details The study included data on ...

Breast Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

I’m BRCA-Positive and Survived Both Breast and Pancreatic Cancers

Cancer has stalked my family for generations. My mother, brother, and maternal uncle were diagnosed with melanoma. Fortunately, all survived. When my sister was diagnosed with early-stage invasive ductal carcinoma in 2010, she underwent genetic testing, which showed she was positive for the BRCA2...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Finds Precursor Pancreatic Lesions Occur Frequently in Healthy Human Pancreases

Pancreatic cancer is a rare disease, accounting for about 3% of all cancers in the United States. It is the deadliest of all solid malignancies, accounting for about 7% of all cancer deaths each year, and carries a 5-year survival rate of just 11.5%. According to the American Cancer Society, in...

Pancreatic Cancer

Antibiotic Use and Survival Among Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Receiving Specific Chemotherapy Regimens

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Fulop et al found that perichemotherapy use of antibiotics was associated with improved survival in patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma receiving first-line gemcitabine-based chemotherapy, but not in those...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Chemotherapy May Alter Immune Cell Landscape in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Chemotherapy may affect the immune system’s ability to attack tumors in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, according to a new study published by Werba et al in Nature Communications. Background Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma is hard to detect and treat, with a 5-year survival rate of ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Hospital Surgical Volume May Impact Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer Whose Minimally Invasive Surgery Is Converted to an Open Procedure

Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma whose pancreatoduodenectomy is converted to an open (CTO) procedure from a minimally invasive procedure as a result of complications may fare better at institutions that perform more minimally invasive pancreatic cancer surgeries annually, according to ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Laura Goff, MD, MSCI

Invited discussant Laura Goff, MD, MSCI, Associate Professor of Medicine and Executive Medical Director for the Cancer Patient Care Center at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Nashville, said that with the results of NAPOLI-3, clinicians have a third effective first-line regimen for metastatic...

Pancreatic Cancer

First-Line NALIRIFOX Improves Survival in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the phase III NAPOLI-3 trial in previously untreated patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer, the ­NALIRIFOX regimen significantly improved overall survival and progression-free survival over nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine.1 NALIRIFOX, which contains liposomal irinotecan, fluorouracil,...

Pancreatic Cancer

Outcomes After Minimally Invasive vs Open Surgery for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

In a Belgian single-institution retrospective study reported in JAMA Network Open, Topal et al found that minimally invasive pancreatic surgery (MIPS) was associated with better overall survival and disease-free survival vs open pancreatic surgery (OPS) for borderline resectable or resectable...

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic Cancer Rates May Be Rising Faster Among Younger Women Than Younger Men

Investigators have confirmed that rates of pancreatic cancer are rising overall, but they are rising faster among younger female patients—particularly among patients who identified as Black—than among male patients of the same age, according to a new study published by Abboud et al in...

Pancreatic Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors

Second-Line Bevacizumab Plus FOLFIRI for Advanced Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Carcinoma

In a French noncomparative phase II trial (PRODIGE 41-BEVANEC) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Walter et al found that the addition of bevacizumab to FOLFIRI (irinotecan, leucovorin, and fluorouracil) did not appear to improve overall survival in the second-line treatment of patients with advanced ...

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