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Issues in Oncology
Pancreatic Cancer

2022 Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer Released

Overall cancer death rates continued to decline among men, women, children, adolescents, and young adults in every major racial and ethnic group in the United States from 2015 to 2019, according to the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer. From 2014 to 2018, overall cancer...

Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers Find Possible Link Between Immune Cells’ Closest Neighbors and Survival Time in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers have discovered that the organization of different types of immune cells within pancreatic tumors may be associated with how well patients with pancreatic cancer respond to treatment, as well as how long they survive. This information could eventually lead to new ways of treating...

Pancreatic Cancer

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

In a single-center case-control study reported as a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Peeri et al found that women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may be at an increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer. Study Details The study involved data from the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Analyzes Postimaging Diagnoses of Pancreatic Cancer

Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans may miss the detection of some pancreatic cancer tumors, narrowing the window for life-saving curative surgery, according to new research presented at the United European Gastroenterology (UEG) Week 2022 (Abstract OP192).  The...

Pancreatic Cancer

Preclinical Study Finds New Synthetic Lethal Agent Could Be Potential Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers at The Marvin and Concetta Greenberg Pancreatic Cancer Institute at Fox Chase Cancer Center have found that a new synthetic lethal agent could be an effective treatment for pancreatic cancers with DNA damage repair (DDR) defects. Igor Astsaturov, MD, PhD, a co-director of the Institute...

Pancreatic Cancer

5-Year Outcomes With Adjuvant mFOLFIRINOX vs Gemcitabine in Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Thierry Conroy, MD, and colleagues, 5-year analysis of the phase III PRODIGE 24/Canadian Cancer Trials Group PA6 trial has shown a significant benefit in overall survival and other outcomes with adjuvant mFOLFIRINOX (modified oxaliplatin, irinotecan, leucovorin, and...

pancreatic cancer

Christelle de la Fouchardiere, MD, on Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Phase III Trial Results With Gemcitabine Plus Paclitaxel

Christelle de la Fouchardiere, MD, of France’s Centre Léon Bérard, discusses phase III findings from the PRODIGE 65–UCGI 36–GEMPAX UNICANCER study, which evaluated whether the combination of gemcitabine and paclitaxel improves overall survival compared with gemcitabine alone in patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma after FOLFIRINOX failure or intolerance (Abstract LBA60).

Pancreatic Cancer

Sequencing Therapies May Improve Overall Survival in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the first-line treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer, the sequencing of nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine with FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) resulted in a significant improvement in overall survival at 12 months and in all other efficacy endpoints as compared with the standard ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Maintenance Olaparib vs Placebo in Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: Overall Survival Analysis of the POLO Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Hedy L. Kindler, MD, FASCO, and colleagues, the final overall survival analysis of the phase III POLO trial showed no significant difference between the maintenance olaparib group vs the placebo group in patients with germline BRCA-mutated...

Pancreatic Cancer

Neoadjuvant mFOLFIRINOX With or Without Radiotherapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Matthew H.G. Katz, MD, and colleagues, the National Clinical Trials Network phase II A021501 trial has shown better survival outcomes with neoadjuvant modified FOLFIRINOX (mFOLFIRINOX; oxaliplatin, irinotecan, leucovorin, fluorouracil) vs mFOLFIRINOX plus...

Supportive Care
Pancreatic Cancer

Adherence to VTE Prophylaxis Guidelines After Pancreatic Cancer Surgery

In a U.S. retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Perry et al found that a very small percentage of patients filled prescriptions for guideline-recommended venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis after undergoing surgery for pancreatic cancer. As stated by the investigators, “VTE is...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Noncytotoxic Maintenance With Niraparib Plus Either Nivolumab or Ipilimumab in Platinum-Sensitive Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a single-institution phase Ib/II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kim A. Reiss, MD, and colleagues found that maintenance treatment with niraparib/ipilimumab produced better 6-month progression-free survival rates than niraparib/nivolumab in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer without ...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer Surveillance Program for Carriers of Germline CDKN2A Pathogenic Variants

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Klatte et al provided findings from a 20-year follow-up of a pancreatic cancer surveillance program including carriers of germline CDKN2A pathogenic variants. Study Details The study included 347 carriers in the Netherlands who...

Pancreatic Cancer

Outcomes of Pancreas Surveillance in the CAPS5 Study and Total CAPS Cohort

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Dbouk et al, in the multicenter Cancer of Pancreas Screening-5 (CAPS5) study and in the total CAPS cohort (CAPS1–5 studies), cases of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma among enrolled high-risk individuals that were screen-detected during...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Thomas Seufferlein, MD

Thomas Seufferlein, MD, Professor of Medicine at Ulm University Hospital in Germany, found the data from the NOTABLE trial1 encouraging and “clinically interesting.” However, he suggested the study’s design did not allow the EGFR inhibitor to be optimally tested. The NOTABLE trial is based on a...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

NOTABLE Trial: Survival in Pancreatic KRAS Wild-Type Cancer Improved With Addition of Nimotuzumab to Gemcitabine

In patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer and KRAS wild-type tumors, novel treatment with the monoclonal antibody nimotuzumab, which targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR),  plus gemcitabine significantly improved overall survival and other outcomes over...

pancreatic cancer

Rainer Fietkau, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Initial Trial Results on Sequential Chemotherapy and Chemoradiotherapy

Rainer Fietkau, MD, of Germany’s University Hospital Erlangen, discusses phase III findings of the CONKO-007 trial, which examined the role of sequential chemotherapy and chemoradiotherapy administered to patients with nonresectable locally advanced pancreatic cancer following standard-of-care chemotherapy (Abstract 4008).

Pancreatic Cancer

MMP-7 Expression and Pathologic Response to Neoadjuvant Treatment in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer Undergoing Resection

In a single-institution study reported in JAMA Surgery, Shoucair et al found that matrix metalloproteinase 7 (MMP-7) expression in fine-needle aspiration biopsy specimens was associated with pathologic response to neoadjuvant therapy in patients undergoing resection for pancreatic ductal...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Three-Arm First-Line Chemoimmunotherapy Study in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Combinations of chemotherapy and immunotherapy showed activity in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer, according to findings from a national, randomized clinical trial led and sponsored by the Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy. The results of the small trial were presented by Padrón...

pancreatic cancer

Alfredo Carrato, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Nab-Paclitaxel, Gemcitabine, and FOLFOX for Metastatic Disease

Alfredo Carrato, MD, PhD, of Alcala de Henares University in Spain, discusses phase II results from the SEQUENCE trial, which showed that nab-paclitaxel, gemcitabine, and modified FOLFOX showed significantly higher clinical activity than the standard nab-paclitaxel and gemcitabine in the first-line setting of patients with untreated metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (Abstract 4022).

pancreatic cancer

Pamela L. Kunz, MD, on Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors: A Final Analysis of Temozolomide or Temozolomide Plus Capecitabine

Pamela L. Kunz, MD, of the Yale University School of Medicine, discusses new findings from the ECOG-ACRIN E2211 trial, which showed the longest progression-free survival and highest response rates with temozolomide plus capecitabine reported to date for patients with pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. The presence of a deficiency of MGMT, the drug-resistance gene, was associated with greater odds of an objective response (Abstract 4004).

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nimotuzumab May Improve Overall Survival in Patients With KRAS Wild-Type Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

The addition of nimotuzumab, an EGFR-targeting monoclonal antibody, to gemcitabine increased overall survival in patients with KRAS wild-type advanced pancreatic cancer, particularly those who did not need surgery for obstruction of a pancreatic bile duct, according to data from the phase III...

Pancreatic Cancer

Incidence of Cholelithiasis or Cholecystitis in the Year Prior to a Diagnosis of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma were six times more likely to have had gallstone disease within the year prior to diagnosis of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma than patients without cancer, according to research presented by Papageorge et al at Digestive Disease Week 2022 (Abstract...

Pancreatic Cancer

Early Postoperative Algorithm-Based vs Usual Care After Pancreatic Resection

In a Dutch nationwide trial reported by Smits et al in The Lancet, researchers in the Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Group found that algorithm-based early postsurgical care was associated with a reduced risk of the composite outcome of bleeding requiring invasive intervention, organ failure, and 90-day...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy
Genomics/Genetics

Ipilimumab/Nivolumab in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic or Biliary Cancer and HRD Pathogenic Germline Variants

In a single-institution case series reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Terrero et al found that the combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab was active in patients with chemotherapy-refractory metastatic pancreatic or biliary cancer with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Novel Insights Into Genetics and Evolution

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses her research on the evolutionary features of advanced stage pancreatic cancers and the insights that may be used to help improve patient outcomes (Abstract PL05).

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

SBRT Plus Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Refractory Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the Danish single-institution phase II CheckPAC study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chen et al found that the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab plus stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) improved the clinical benefit rate vs nivolumab plus SBRT in patients with refractory...

gynecologic cancers
breast cancer
pancreatic cancer
prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, on Ovarian, Breast, Pancreatic, and Prostate Cancers With Genetic Mutations: A First-in-Human Trial of AZD5305

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses results from the PETRA study, a first-in-class, first-in-human trial of the next-generation PARP1-selective inhibitor AZD5305 in patients with BRCA1/2, PALB2, or RAD51C/D mutations in advanced or metastatic ovarian cancer, HER2-negative breast cancer, pancreatic, or prostate cancer. Target engagement was demonstrated across all dose levels, and antitumor activity was observed in selected tumor and molecular subtypes.

Pancreatic Cancer

An AI Model May Predict Elevated Pancreatic Cancer Risk Using Electronic Health Records

An artificial intelligence (AI) model trained using sequential health information derived from electronic health records identified a subset of individuals with a 25-fold risk of developing pancreatic cancer within 3 to 36 months, according to results presented by Placido et al at the American...

pancreatic cancer

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, on Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: Emerging Systemic Therapy Options

Margaret A. Tempero, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the most effective ways to use the regimens available to treat patients with pancreatic cancer (FOLFIRINOX [fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin] and gemcitabine plus albumin-bound paclitaxel). Dr. Tempero also reviews the upfront use of chemotherapy for resectable disease, and ways to modify these therapies to make them more tolerable for patients. Looking ahead, she expresses hope for the new drugs under development, which may inactivate RAS, a major driver of the disease.

Pancreatic Cancer

Screening Platform May Contribute to Detection of Early-Stage Pancreatic Cancers, Other Malignancies

A novel screening platform flagged more than 95% of stage I pancreatic cancers, in addition to other early-stage malignancies, according to a pilot study published by Hinestrosa et al in Nature Communications Medicine. If validated by future studies, the approach may offer a new way to detect the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Effect of Traditional Eligibility Criteria on Enrollment of Black Patients in Pancreatic Cancer Clinical Trials

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Riner et al found that traditional eligibility criteria for clinical trials in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma excluded a higher proportion of Black vs White patients and identified factors that commonly led to exclusion. As...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Expert Point of View: E. Gabriela Chiorean, MD

The invited discussant of the CodeBreaK 100 data, E. Gabriela Chiorean, MD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, and Clinical Director of the Gastrointestinal Medical Oncology program at Seattle Cancer Care Alliance, found the efficacy of ...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

CodeBreaK 100: Sotorasib Shows Activity in KRAS G12C–Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

Promising activity in metastatic pancreatic cancer was shown by sotorasib, an inhibitor of the KRAS G12C mutation, in the phase I/II CodeBreaK 100 study presented by John H. Strickler, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina, during the February ...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Expert Point of View: Mandana Kamgar, MD, MPH

The ASCO Post invited Mandana Kamgar, MD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the Medical College of Wisconsin, LaBahn Pancreatic Cancer Program, Milwaukee, to comment on the KRYSTAL-1 trial. “The KRYSTAL-1 study in totality is a multiphase and multiarm ongoing study exploring the role of...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

KRYSTAL-1: Adagrasib Controls Disease in Gastrointestinal Malignancies Beyond Colorectal Cancer

A disease control rate of 100% was achieved in gastrointestinal cancers treated with the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib in the phase II KRYSTAL-1 trial, presented at the 2022 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 The population included primarily those with pancreatic cancer; other noncolorectal ...

Pancreatic Cancer

CodeBreaK 100: Sotorasib Shows Activity in KRAS G12C–Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

Promising activity in metastatic pancreatic cancer was shown by sotorasib, an inhibitor of the KRAS G12C mutation, in the phase I/II CodeBreaK 100 study presented by John H. Strickler, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, during the...

Pancreatic Cancer

SBRT in Combination With Pembrolizumab/Trametinib vs Gemcitabine in Locally Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer

In a Chinese single-institution phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Zhu et al found that stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) followed by pembrolizumab plus trametinib improved overall survival vs SBRT followed by gemcitabine in patients with postresection, KRAS-mutant, PD-L1–positive...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Examines Relationship Between Angiotensin Blockade and Pancreatic Cancer Survival

New research published by Keith et al in BMC Cancer showed that angiotensin blockers—commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure—may also impact survival in patients with pancreatic cancer. The results are from the largest population-based study of this question and suggest that a broader,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

KRAS G12C Inhibitor Sotorasib Shows Activity in Certain Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Sotorasib, an irreversible inhibitor of KRAS G12C, showed activity in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and a KRAS G21C mutation enrolled in the phase I/II CodeBreaK100 study. These findings were presented during the February 2022 ASCO Plenary Series session by John H. Strickler, MD,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Niraparib in Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and DNA Repair Gene Defects

In the phase II GALAHAD trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Matthew R. Smith, MD, and colleagues found that the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor niraparib showed activity in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and DNA repair gene defects whose disease had...

Pancreatic Cancer

Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy vs Upfront Surgery in Resectable and Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Versteijne et al, long-term follow-up of the Dutch phase III PREOPANC trial has shown an overall survival benefit among patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy vs upfront surgery for resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer;...

Pancreatic Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

KRYSTAL-1: Adagrasib Controls Disease in Gastrointestinal Malignancies Beyond Colorectal Cancer

A disease control rate of 100% was achieved in gastrointestinal cancers treated with the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib in the phase II KRYSTAL-1 trial, presented at the 2022 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 The population included primarily those with pancreatic cancer; other noncolorectal ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Examines Role of Hyaluronic Acid in Pancreatic Cancer Growth

Hyaluronic acid is a known presence in pancreatic tumors, but a new study published by Kim et al in eLife has shown that hyaluronic acid can also act as a nutrient to fuel pancreatic cancer metabolism. These findings provide insight into how pancreatic cancer cells grow and indicate new...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Tanios S. Bekaii-Saab, MD, on Pancreatic and Other Tumors With KRAS G12C Mutation: Updated Data on Use of Adagrasib

Tanios S. Bekaii-Saab, MD, of Mayo Clinic, discusses new findings from the KRYSTAL-1 study, which suggested adagrasib monotherapy is well tolerated and demonstrates clinical activity in pretreated patients with unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer or other gastrointestinal tumors harboring a KRAS G12C mutation. Adagrasib is an inhibitor of the KRAS G12C mutation (Abstract 519).

Pancreatic Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Use of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Older Patients With Pancreatic Cancer and Its Effect on Overall Survival

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Mehtsun et al found patterns of increasing use of adjuvant chemotherapy over time among patients aged ≥ 80 years undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. In addition, they found that use of adjuvant chemotherapy was associated...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation Plus Pembrolizumab Shows No Effect on Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Pancreatic Cancer

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant chemoradiation  has failed to overcome the immunosuppressive microenvironment of pancreatic cancer, according to data presented by Osama E. Rahma, MD, and colleagues at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 2021 Annual...

Pancreatic Cancer

Incidence of Pancreatic Cancer in the United States by Age and Sex, 2000–2018

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA, Gaddam et al found that the incidence of pancreatic cancer has increased in both men and women between 2000 and 2018, with a greater relative increase being observed in younger women. Pancreatic cancer incidence rates per 100,000 population...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Finds Incidence of Pancreatic Cancer May Be Rising in Younger Women

The incidence of pancreatic cancer—which historically has been higher in men than in women—has increased among both men and women during the past decade, with a significantly greater relative increase observed in women younger than age 55 years, and especially among those aged 15 to 34 years. These ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Finds Some Pancreatic Cancer Trial Eligibility Criteria Disproportionately Exclude Black Patients

Although lack of clinical trial participation is associated with worse survival outcomes in some malignancies, data show that Black patients with cancer represent just 7.3% of participants—and only 4.5% for such cancers as multiple myeloma—in cancer clinical trials, compared with 84.2% for White...

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