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Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track Designations in Liver and Pancreatic Cancers

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designations to novel agents in the treatment of liver and pancreatic cancers. Fast Track Designation for SRF388 in Liver Cancer The FDA granted Fast Track designation to SRF388 for the treatment of patients with...

Pancreatic Cancer

Is Maintenance Treatment With Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer Cost-Effective?

Studies have shown that utilizing a PARP inhibitor in the management of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and BRCA1/2 mutation is clinically beneficial. New research published by Wu et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network sought to determine whether such...

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma: Leveraging Molecular Data to Drive Clinical Advances

With the worst 5-year overall survival of all cancers and the second-leading cause of cancer death, pancreatic adenocarcinoma remains a dismal prognosis for the vast majority of patients. However, more accurate tumor staging and better understanding of distinct molecular subgroups have started to...

Pancreatic Cancer

An Integrated Framework for Improving Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer

Drawing on several lines of ongoing research, David A. Tuveson, MD, PhD, has created a theoretical framework to consider while developing clinical trials in pancreatic cancer. In his keynote lecture at the 2020 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Special Conference on Pancreatic Cancer, ...

Pancreatic Cancer

New Maintenance Therapies in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Aim to End Perpetual Chemotherapy

The advent of effective combination chemotherapies has changed the treatment landscape for metastatic pancreatic cancer, extending median survival and leading to durable responses in a subset of patients. However, perpetual chemotherapy is cumulatively toxic, leading to progressive bone marrow...

Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Leukemia
Solid Tumors
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancer, Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma; Fast Track Designations in CLL and Solid Tumors

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for EGFR-mutant lung cancer and advanced renal cell carcinoma; granted Fast Track designation to agents in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors; and more....

Pancreatic Cancer

Research Into 'Cold' Tumors Heating Up in Pancreatic Cancer

Immunotherapy has changed the treatment paradigm for cancer, inducing durable responses in a subset of patients with previously refractory disease. However, current approaches are successful in only approximately 20% of cancers (so-called hot tumors). For the nearly 80% of cancers that are “cold”...

Pancreatic Cancer

Making Strides in the Management of Pancreatic Cancer

The Special Conference on Pancreatic Cancer, sponsored by the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) and held virtually this year, showcased cutting-edge discoveries and promising advances in the understanding and treatment of pancreatic cancer, reported by some of the world’s foremost...

Pancreatic Cancer

Surgical Oncologist Diane M. Simeone, MD, Strives to Improve Outcomes for Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Despite decades of research and clinical advances, the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer remain formidable challenges. Recently, enormous efforts have been made to develop new methods for the early diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer, such as those led by Diane M. Simeone, MD, a ...

Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Multiple Myeloma
Pancreatic Cancer

Trends to Watch in Early-Onset Cancer Among Young Adults

Although cancer incidence and mortality rates for all cancers combined are considerably lower in younger adults than older adults, a disturbing pattern is beginning to emerge in the development of early-onset cancers, typically diagnosed in older patients, occurring in younger adults. The rising...

Pancreatic Cancer

Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma who underwent total neoadjuvant therapy, consisting of chemotherapy followed by chemoradiation prior to surgery, had improved overall survival compared with those who had single-agent neoadjuvant therapy or surgery first, according to a large cohort study...

Solid Tumors
Pancreatic Cancer

My Inherited Condition Has Led to a Life and Career I Love

My father died of thymic cancer when I was 14, and that’s when I decided to become an oncologist. Ironically, the first patient I diagnosed with cancer was me. In 2009, during my first week of training in hematology/oncology at the Mayo Clinic, I began having severe abdominal pain, which had...

Pancreatic Cancer

Recognizing the Coexistence of Symptoms of Pancreatic Cancer

Incidence rates for pancreatic cancer were 6-fold to 10-fold higher among participants in a study who had recent-onset diabetes and weight loss.1 This led the study authors to write: “The coexistence of these symptoms should be recognized by clinicians given that both the relative and absolute...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Finds Recent-Onset Diabetes With Unintentional Weight Loss Linked to Increased Risk of Pancreatic Cancer

A large cohort study with close to 160,000 men and women reported that “recent-onset diabetes accompanied by weight loss was associated with a substantial increase in risk for pancreatic cancer and may represent a high-risk group in the general population for whom early detection strategies would...

Pancreatic Cancer

Neoadjuvant Therapy for Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

The challenge in treating patients with borderline resectable pancreatic cancer is how to render tumors resectable and how to achieve the negative surgical margins that enhance long-term survival odds. Fortunately, neoadjuvant chemotherapy is helping to achieve these important goals, according to...

Pancreatic Cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Pancreatic Cancer Resection and Neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX: Improvement in Overall Survival?

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, van Roessel et al found that adjuvant chemotherapy after pancreatic cancer resection and neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) was associated with an improvement in overall survival. The benefit was...

Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers Report on Comprehensive Analysis of Adenosquamous Carcinoma of the Pancreas

In a comprehensive analysis of adenosquamous cancer of the pancreas in preclinical models, researchers identified potential therapeutic targets for this aggressive form of pancreatic cancer. They also identified already-available agents—designed to treat other types of cancer—that may be useful in...

Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors

Research Provides Genetic, Immune-Related Information on Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors

Scientists have used artificial intelligence in an extensive analysis of the immune and genetic landscapes of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Their findings were published by Young et al in the journal Gut. Pancreatic neuroendocrine cancer starts in cells that produce hormones such as insulin....

Pancreatic Cancer

Sortilin May Be a Potential Therapeutic Target in Pancreatic Cancer

In a study published by Gao et al in The American Journal of Pathology, scientists reported the discovery of an increased level of the neuroprotein sortilin in pancreatic cancer cells. The investigators speculated that this finding may lead to the development of more effective treatment for...

Pancreatic Cancer

ASCO Updates Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Guideline

ASCO has released an update to its Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Guideline that includes recommendations for second-line treatment, including early biomarker testing for actionable genomic alterations.1 Last updated in 2018, this new version was triggered by novel evidence related to targeted...

Kidney Cancer
Lung Cancer
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Solid Tumors
Skin Cancer
Lymphoma
Pancreatic Cancer
Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Kidney and Lung Cancers, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, and More

Over the past few weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued designations and accepted applications for novel agents, as well as approved companion diagnostics. We summarize these regulatory movements below. Breakthrough Therapy Designation for MK-6482 in von Hippel-Lindau...

Pancreatic Cancer

Addition of Pegvorhyaluronidase Alfa to Nab-paclitaxel and Gemcitabine in Hyaluronan-High Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the phase III HALO 109-301 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eric Van Cutsem, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of pegvorhyaluronidase alfa (PEGPH20) to nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine (AG) did not improve overall survival or progression-free survival in patients...

Pancreatic Cancer

First-Line Liposomal Irinotecan–Containing Regimen Studied in Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In patients with newly diagnosed locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma, treatment with liposomal irinotecan plus fluorouracil (5-FU), leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (NALIRIFOX) resulted in a median progression-free survival of 9.2 months and a median overall survival of 12.6 months, ...

Pancreatic Cancer

SWOG S1505 Trial Evaluates Neoadjuvant Regimens in Pancreatic Cancer

The much-anticipated SWOG S1505 trial has failed to show that one preoperative regimen is better than another in resectable pancreatic cancer.1 “Perioperative modified FOLFIRINOX and gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel appear to have similar efficacy, with acceptable safety and resectability rates,”...

Pancreatic Cancer

First-Line FOLFIRINOX vs Gemcitabine/Nab-paclitaxel for Localized Pancreatic Cancer

In a single-institution retrospective study reported in JAMA Surgery, Perri et al found that first-line FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, and oxaliplatin) was associated with a higher response rate and subsequent pancreatectomy vs gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel in patients with...

Prostate Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Agents for the Treatment of Prostate and Pancreatic Cancers, Marginal Zone Lymphoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to relugolix for the treatment of advanced prostate cancer; Fast Track designation to a radioimmunotherapeutic treatment for marginal zone lymphoma; and Orphan Drug designation to a novel monoclonal antibody for...

Pancreatic Cancer

Effectiveness of Maintenance Olaparib for Germline BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer Across Age Groups: Additional Analysis of the POLO Trial

According to an additional analysis from the POLO trial, safety of maintenance olaparib in patients with a germline BRCA1 and/or BRCA2 mutation and metastatic pancreatic cancer is consistent, irrespective of age. Patients aged ≥ 65 years derived long-term progression-free survival benefit and...

Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Lymphoma
Hematologic Malignancies
Kidney Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track Designations in Colorectal and Pancreatic Cancers, Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma/Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted Fast Track designation to agents designed to treat colorectal and pancreatic cancers, in addition to lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia; accepted a new drug application for a treatment for relapsed or...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

First-Line Platinum-Based Chemotherapy for Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer and Defects in Homologous Recombination Genes

Patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer who had germline or somatic mutations in DNA repair genes had better clinical outcomes after platinum-based chemotherapy compared to patients without these mutations, according to results from a study published by Park et al in Clinical Cancer Research....

Pancreatic Cancer

Relationship Between Type 3c Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer

According to the results of a European case-control study published by Molina-Montes et al in the journal Gut, one of the most recently identified types of diabetes—type 3c, or pancreatogenic diabetes—could also be an early manifestation of pancreatic cancer. Pancreatic cancer has a high mortality...

Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Data From TAPUR Study Cohorts on Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Advanced Prostate and Pancreatic Cancers

Positive results from two cohorts of the Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study provide real-world evidence to support recent clinical trial data that demonstrate a role for olaparib in the treatment of advanced prostate and pancreatic cancers with BRCA1/2-inactivating...

Leukemia
Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in AML, Fast Track Designations for Pancreatic Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Over the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Fast Track designations for agents in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic/nonpancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; approvals for companion diagnostic tests;...

Pancreatic Cancer

Risk-Prediction Model for Pancreatic Cancer

A risk-prediction model that combined genetic and clinical factors with circulating biomarkers may help to identify people at a significantly higher-than-normal risk of developing pancreatic cancer, according to results of a study published by Peter Kraft, PhD, and colleagues in Cancer...

Colorectal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Aspirin Use and Risk of Cancers of the Digestive Tract

Aspirin may be associated with a reduction in the risk of developing several cancers of the digestive tract. The largest and most comprehensive analysis to date of the link between aspirin and digestive tract cancers, published by Bosetti et al in Annals of Oncology, found reductions in the risk of ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Living A Full Life After Pancreatic Cancer

I have been a radiologic technologist for 47 years, so after going to the bathroom one Sunday morning in October 2018 and finding my urine had suddenly turned dark, I knew something was wrong. I wasn’t in any pain and did not have a urinary tract infection, which would explain the discoloration of...

Lung Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, FRCP

Semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D, and its receptor, plexin B1) is broadly expressed in malignant tumors. Aside from other “normal functions” in tumors, SEMA4D influences the infiltration and distribution of leukocytes into the microenvironment, and its inhibition promotes functional immune infiltration....

Lung Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

SEMA4D Inhibition: A Novel Means of Improving Immune Response

A novel class of inhibitors may hold some promise for boosting responses to checkpoint inhibitors and for sensitizing poorly immunogenic tumors, such as pancreatic cancer, to immunotherapy. The drug targets semaphorin 4D (SEMA4D), a glycoprotein expressed on the cell membranes of many tumor types....

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President of ASCO, called the 74% response rate to cisplatin/gemcitabine “remarkable.” “What’s impressive to me is the high response rate, as well as the progression-free and overall survival data—these data are...

Pancreatic Cancer

Cisplatin/Gemcitabine Alone and With Veliparib in BRCA-Mutated Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and a germline BRCA/PALB2 mutation, first-line therapy with cisplatin plus gemcitabine yielded high response rates and encouraging survival, according to Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, who presented the findings...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Genetic Counseling and Testing of Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Routine genetic counseling and multigene testing of patients with pancreatic cancer result in the detection of mutations that are actionable, not only for patients, but also for at-risk family members. At the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, the use of a systemized, automated referral system ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Maintenance Olaparib in BRCA1/2-Positive Pancreatic Cancer Yields Improved Progression-Free Survival, Preserves Quality of Life

Health-related quality of life was preserved during maintenance olaparib in patients with BRCA 1/2-positive pancreatic cancer, as evidenced by a low symptom burden over time.1 POLO investigators reported their findings in posters presented at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. Other...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Conference Highlights From the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium

This past January, the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium was held in San Francisco. More than 3,600 individuals attended and more than 900 abstracts and posters were presented. Among the highlights presented at the meeting and reported in the pages of The ASCO Post, several studies in...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Focuses on Role of Microbes in Pancreatic Cancer

Although bacteria are predominant in the gastrointestinal tract, they also reside on and in other parts of the body, including some unexpected places, such as malignant tumors. There are numerous reports of this phenomenon, but most have not identified a functional role for the microbes. In the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Survival in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer Receiving Molecularly Matched Therapies

In a retrospective study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Michael J. Pishvaian, MD, and colleagues found that overall survival was better in patients with pancreatic cancer with actionable molecular alterations who received matched therapies compared with those who received only unmatched therapies ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy vs Immediate Surgery for Pancreatic Cancer

In the Dutch phase III PREOPANC trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Versteijne et al found that preoperative chemoradiotherapy did not improve overall survival vs immediate surgery in patients with resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer. Benefits of preoperative...

Genomics/Genetics
Pancreatic Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Geographic and Racial Variability in Germline BRCA Mutation Prevalence Among Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Talia Golan, MD, and colleagues identified geographic and ethnic heterogeneity of germline BRCA1/2 mutation prevalence among patients screened for entry into the phase III POLO trial, which examined the efficacy of olaparib maintenance...

Pancreatic Cancer

New POLO Data Further Support Maintenance Olaparib in BRCA1/2-Positive Pancreatic Cancer

In posters presented at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, POLO investigators reported that health-related quality of life was preserved during maintenance olaparib in patients with BRCA 1/2-positive pancreatic cancer, as evidenced by a low symptom burden over time.1 Other studies...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Automated Referral Process for Genetic Counseling and Testing of Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Routine genetic counseling and multigene testing of patients with pancreatic cancer result in the detection of mutations that are actionable, not only for patients, but also for at-risk family members. At the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, the use of a systemized, automated referral system that does ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Andrea Wang-Gillam, MD, PhD

Andrea Wang-Gillam, MD, PhD, Clinical Director of the GI Oncology Program and Director of Developmental Therapeutics at Washington University in St. Louis, was the invited discussant of SEQUOIA and HALO 109-301. She tried to make sense of the two negative studies of pegylated agents in advanced...

Pancreatic Cancer

Two Novel Pegylated Agents Fail in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Two novel treatments once thought to hold promise in the treatment of metastatic pancreatic cancer have not proved to be effective in phase III trials, investigators reported at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. When combined with standard chemotherapy, a pegylated form of human...

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