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Pancreatic Cancer

CodeBreaK 100: Sotorasib Shows Activity in KRAS G12C–Mutated Pancreatic Cancer

Promising activity in metastatic pancreatic cancer was shown by sotorasib, an inhibitor of the KRAS G12C mutation, in the phase I/II CodeBreaK 100 study presented by John H. Strickler, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Duke University Medical Center in Durham, North Carolina, during the...

Pancreatic Cancer

SBRT in Combination With Pembrolizumab/Trametinib vs Gemcitabine in Locally Recurrent Pancreatic Cancer

In a Chinese single-institution phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Zhu et al found that stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) followed by pembrolizumab plus trametinib improved overall survival vs SBRT followed by gemcitabine in patients with postresection, KRAS-mutant, PD-L1–positive...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Examines Relationship Between Angiotensin Blockade and Pancreatic Cancer Survival

New research published by Keith et al in BMC Cancer showed that angiotensin blockers—commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure—may also impact survival in patients with pancreatic cancer. The results are from the largest population-based study of this question and suggest that a broader,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

KRAS G12C Inhibitor Sotorasib Shows Activity in Certain Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

Sotorasib, an irreversible inhibitor of KRAS G12C, showed activity in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and a KRAS G21C mutation enrolled in the phase I/II CodeBreaK100 study. These findings were presented during the February 2022 ASCO Plenary Series session by John H. Strickler, MD,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Niraparib in Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer and DNA Repair Gene Defects

In the phase II GALAHAD trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Matthew R. Smith, MD, and colleagues found that the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor niraparib showed activity in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and DNA repair gene defects whose disease had...

Pancreatic Cancer

Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy vs Upfront Surgery in Resectable and Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Versteijne et al, long-term follow-up of the Dutch phase III PREOPANC trial has shown an overall survival benefit among patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy vs upfront surgery for resectable and borderline resectable pancreatic cancer;...

Pancreatic Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

KRYSTAL-1: Adagrasib Controls Disease in Gastrointestinal Malignancies Beyond Colorectal Cancer

A disease control rate of 100% was achieved in gastrointestinal cancers treated with the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib in the phase II KRYSTAL-1 trial, presented at the 2022 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium.1 The population included primarily those with pancreatic cancer; other noncolorectal ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Examines Role of Hyaluronic Acid in Pancreatic Cancer Growth

Hyaluronic acid is a known presence in pancreatic tumors, but a new study published by Kim et al in eLife has shown that hyaluronic acid can also act as a nutrient to fuel pancreatic cancer metabolism. These findings provide insight into how pancreatic cancer cells grow and indicate new...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Tanios S. Bekaii-Saab, MD, on Pancreatic and Other Tumors With KRAS G12C Mutation: Updated Data on Use of Adagrasib

Tanios S. Bekaii-Saab, MD, of Mayo Clinic, discusses new findings from the KRYSTAL-1 study, which suggested adagrasib monotherapy is well tolerated and demonstrates clinical activity in pretreated patients with unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer or other gastrointestinal tumors harboring a KRAS G12C mutation. Adagrasib is an inhibitor of the KRAS G12C mutation (Abstract 519).

Pancreatic Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Use of Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Older Patients With Pancreatic Cancer and Its Effect on Overall Survival

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Mehtsun et al found patterns of increasing use of adjuvant chemotherapy over time among patients aged ≥ 80 years undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. In addition, they found that use of adjuvant chemotherapy was associated...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation Plus Pembrolizumab Shows No Effect on Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Pancreatic Cancer

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant chemoradiation  has failed to overcome the immunosuppressive microenvironment of pancreatic cancer, according to data presented by Osama E. Rahma, MD, and colleagues at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 2021 Annual...

Pancreatic Cancer

Incidence of Pancreatic Cancer in the United States by Age and Sex, 2000–2018

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA, Gaddam et al found that the incidence of pancreatic cancer has increased in both men and women between 2000 and 2018, with a greater relative increase being observed in younger women. Pancreatic cancer incidence rates per 100,000 population...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Finds Incidence of Pancreatic Cancer May Be Rising in Younger Women

The incidence of pancreatic cancer—which historically has been higher in men than in women—has increased among both men and women during the past decade, with a significantly greater relative increase observed in women younger than age 55 years, and especially among those aged 15 to 34 years. These ...

Pancreatic Cancer

Study Finds Some Pancreatic Cancer Trial Eligibility Criteria Disproportionately Exclude Black Patients

Although lack of clinical trial participation is associated with worse survival outcomes in some malignancies, data show that Black patients with cancer represent just 7.3% of participants—and only 4.5% for such cancers as multiple myeloma—in cancer clinical trials, compared with 84.2% for White...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Risk of Pancreatic Cancer Associated With Germline ATM Pathogenic Variants

In a multicenter cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hsu et al found that among pancreatic cancer kindreds, individuals with germline ATM pathogenic variants had a sixfold increased risk of developing pancreatic cancer vs noncarriers of pathogenic variants. Study Details The study involved data ...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Tackling the Challenge of Pancreatic Cancer: New Approaches

Pancreatic cancer remains an incorrigible foe, but recent advances in genomic profiling and targeted drug development are slowly improving the outlook for patients, according to Eileen M. O’Reilly, MD, Winthrop Rockefeller Endowed Chair in Medical Oncology and Section Head,...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of APACT,1 Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Ulm in Germany, said the updated overall survival data “suggest an improved outcome with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone…. The combination improves long-term survival and...

Pancreatic Cancer

APACT: 5-Year Overall Survival Data Suggest Improved Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer With Nab-paclitaxel/Gemcitabine

The 5-year outcomes in the APACT trial uphold the overall survival benefit with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in the adjuvant treatment of patients with resected pancreatic cancer, according to Margaret A. Tempero, MD, Director of the University of California San Francisco Pancreas Center, who...

Pancreatic Cancer

Comparison of First-Line Chemotherapy Strategies in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In a French phase II trial (PANOPTIMOX-PRODIGE) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dahan et al found that 4 months of FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) followed by leucovorin/fluorouracil maintenance was associated with favorable outcomes vs 6 months of...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Prevalence of Homologous Recombination Deficiency in Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Casolino et al identified the prevalence of homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) genes in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and found that the reported prevalence of HRD was higher with...

Pancreatic Cancer

SBRT Plus Pembrolizumab/Trametinib vs Gemcitabine in Locally Recurrent Resected Pancreatic Cancer

In a Chinese phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Zhu et al found that stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) plus pembrolizumab and trametinib produced a modest—but statistically significant—overall survival benefit vs SBRT plus gemcitabine in patients with locally recurrent resected...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD

The invited discussant of APACT,1 Thomas Seufferlein, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Ulm in Germany, said the updated overall survival data “suggest an improved outcome with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine vs gemcitabine alone…. The combination improves long-term survival and...

Pancreatic Cancer

APACT: 5-Year Overall Survival Data Suggest Improved Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer With Nab-Paclitaxel Plus Gemcitabine

Five-year outcomes in the APACT trial uphold the overall survival benefit with nab-paclitaxel plus gemcitabine in the adjuvant treatment of patients with resected pancreatic cancer, according to Margaret A. Tempero, MD, Director of the University of California San Francisco Pancreas Center, who...

Pancreatic Cancer

Molecular Imaging May Improve the Staging and Treatment of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma

For patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, molecular imaging may improve staging and clinical management of the disease, according to research published by Röhrich et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. In a retrospective study of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas, the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Modified FOLFIRINOX Established as Preferred Neoadjuvant Treatment of Borderline Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

In the treatment of borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, the Alliance A021501 trial established neoadjuvant treatment with modified FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil [5-FU], leucovorin, irinotecan, oxaliplatin) as a new benchmark. However, it failed to show the benefit of adding...

Gynecologic Cancers
Pancreatic Cancer

Electronic Olfaction System Under Study as Screening Tool for Pancreatic and Ovarian Cancers

An odor-based test that detects vapors emanating from blood samples was able to distinguish between benign and pancreatic and ovarian cancer cells with up to 95% accuracy, according to a new study presented by Johnson et al during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5544). The findings suggest...

Pancreatic Cancer

A Love for Surgery Underpins a Career Devoted to Patients With Pancreatic Cancer

There are few, if any, more difficult clinical challenges than pancreatic cancer, a disease that continues to confound the oncology community’s quest for cure. Yet, incremental progress and unflagging optimism drive the way forward, thanks to the researchers and clinicians who have dedicated their...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

ACMG Clinical Practice Resource Provides New Guidance for Management of Individuals With PALB2 Gene Variants

The American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) has released a clinical practice resource from a global team of specialists in cancer genetics that will help inform the clinical management of patients who harbor a PALB2 variant and may be at increased risk of developing breast,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Maintenance Rucaparib in Patients With Platinum-Sensitive Pancreatic Cancer and Germline or Somatic BRCA1, BRCA2, or PALB2 Variants

In a single-institution phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kim A. Reiss, MD, and colleagues found that maintenance treatment with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor rucaparib produced responses and was associated with good progression-free survival in...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors

Lenvatinib for Previously Treated Advanced Pancreatic and Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors

In a phase II trial (TALENT; GETNE1509) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jaume Capdevila, MD, and colleagues found that lenvatinib produced durable responses in patients with previously treated advanced grade 1 or 2 gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. Study Details In the...

immunotherapy
pancreatic cancer

Katelyn T. Byrne, PhD, on the Clinical Impact of T-Cell Inflammation in the Tumor Microenvironment

Katelyn T. Byrne, PhD, of the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, discusses the first in-depth analysis of the impact of selicrelumab, an anti-CD40 antibody, which was found to enrich T cells in pancreatic tumors, activate the immune system, and alter the tumor stroma (Abstract CT005).

Pancreatic Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Estimated Shifts in Cancer Incidence and Death Over Next 2 Decades

In the next 2 decades, rankings of incidence and death across cancer types in the United States will undergo important changes, according to new research published by Lola Rahib, PhD, and colleagues in JAMA Network Open. The study estimates that pancreatic cancer is on course to become the...

Pancreatic Cancer

Improving Survival for Patients With Stage II Pancreatic Cancer: Chemotherapy Followed by Resection

Patients with stage II pancreatic cancer who are treated with chemotherapy followed by resection live nearly twice as long as patients who receive only chemotherapy, according to a recent study published by Amanda K. Arrington, MD, MHM, FACS, and colleagues in the Journal of the American College of ...

Pancreatic Cancer

An Integrated Framework for Improving Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer

Drawing on several lines of ongoing research, David A. Tuveson, MD, PhD, has created a theoretical framework to consider while developing clinical trials in pancreatic cancer. In his keynote lecture at the 2020 American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Special Conference on Pancreatic Cancer, ...

Pancreatic Cancer

New Maintenance Therapies in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer Aim to End Perpetual Chemotherapy

The advent of effective combination chemotherapies has changed the treatment landscape for metastatic pancreatic cancer, extending median survival and leading to durable responses in a subset of patients. However, perpetual chemotherapy is cumulatively toxic, leading to progressive bone marrow...

Pancreatic Cancer

Expert Point of View: Marcus Noel, MD, and Susan Tsai, MD, MHS

Marcus Noel, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center and MedStar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, included SWOG S1505 in the presentation of the Gastrointestinal Cancer Highlights during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program. Susan Tsai, MD, MHS, a ...

Pancreatic Cancer

SWOG S1505 Trial Evaluates Neoadjuvant Regimens in Pancreatic Cancer

The much-anticipated SWOG S1505 trial has failed to show that one preoperative regimen is better than another in resectable pancreatic cancer.1 “Perioperative modified FOLFIRINOX and gemcitabine/nab-paclitaxel appear to have similar efficacy, with acceptable safety and resectability rates,”...

Pancreatic Cancer

Definitive Ablative Radiation Therapy in Inoperable Locally Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a single-institution study reported in JAMA Oncology, Reyngold et al found that definitive hypofractionated ablative radiation therapy following induction chemotherapy was associated with prolonged locoregional control and favorable survival in patients with inoperable locally advanced...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Olaparib for Previously Treated Patients With Pancreatic Cancer and DDR Genetic Alterations Other Than BRCA Variants

Combined results of two parallel phase II studies reported in JAMA Oncology by Milind Javle, MD, and colleagues indicated that olaparib may have therapeutic value in previously treated patients with platinum-sensitive pancreatic ductal carcinoma with DNA damage repair (DDR) genetic alterations...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Lowering KRAS Activity May Lead to Improved Therapy Response in Pancreatic Cancer

If clinicians could stop mutations of the KRAS gene—which are present in more than 90% of pancreatic cancer cases and drastically reduce the response to immunotherapy—the chances of improving treatment for the disease would be increased. A collaborative study published by Ischenko et al in Nature...

Pancreatic Cancer

Role of Collagen in Pancreatic Cancer Development

Type I collagen produced by cancer-associated fibroblasts may not promote cancer development, but instead, may play a protective role in controlling pancreatic cancer progression. This new understanding supports novel therapeutic approaches that bolster collagen rather than suppress it, according...

Pancreatic Cancer

Addition of Second-Line Pegilodecakin to FOLFOX in Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer: SEQUOIA Trial

In the phase III SEQUOIA trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, J. Randolph Hecht, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of pegilodecakin—a pegylated recombinant human interleukin (IL)-10—to FOLFOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil [5-FU], and oxaliplatin) did not improve overall survival ...

Pancreatic Cancer

mFOLFIRINOX or Gemcitabine/Nab-paclitaxel for Resectable Pancreatic Cancer: Improved Overall Survival?

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Davendra P.S. Sohal, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that neither of two perioperative chemotherapy regimens was associated with improved overall survival in patients with resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma compared with historical rates in...

pancreatic cancer

Matthew H.G. Katz, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Preoperative mFOLFIRINOX for Resectable Disease

Matthew H.G. Katz, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses findings from the Alliance A021501 study, which showed that administering mFOLFIRINOX before surgery was associated with a favorable overall survival rate relative to historical data in patients with borderline resectable adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (Abstract 377).

pancreatic cancer

Talia Golan, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Disease

Talia Golan, MD, of the Oncology Institute, Sheba Medical Center, discusses phase III results from the POLO trial, which explored the question of whether maintenance olaparib could improve overall and progression-free survival for patients with germline BRCA-mutated metastatic pancreatic cancer (Abstract 378).

Pancreatic Cancer

Can Use of Opioids Contribute to Pancreatic Cancer Risk?

Researchers have found evidence that opioid use may be an unidentified risk factor contributing to the increasing incidence of pancreatic cancer in the United States. These findings were published by Barlass et al in PLOS One. The use of prescription opioids for the management of chronic pain has...

Pancreatic Cancer

Novel Radiomodulation Approach With Dismutase Mimetic Plus SBRT in Resectable Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most aggressive, lethal malignancies, and life-extending treatments represent a critical unmet need. A pilot study suggests a potential way forward for patients with nonmetastatic unresectable or borderline resectable pancreatic cancer may be a combination of...

Pancreatic Cancer

Options for Maintenance Therapy for Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer remains one of the most difficult-to-treat cancer types. Although there have been some advances in the past few years, the needle has not moved much on survival and prognosis. An important issue for those patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer who respond to front-line...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track Designations in Liver and Pancreatic Cancers

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Fast Track designations to novel agents in the treatment of liver and pancreatic cancers. Fast Track Designation for SRF388 in Liver Cancer The FDA granted Fast Track designation to SRF388 for the treatment of patients with...

Pancreatic Cancer

Is Maintenance Treatment With Olaparib for BRCA-Mutated Pancreatic Cancer Cost-Effective?

Studies have shown that utilizing a PARP inhibitor in the management of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and BRCA1/2 mutation is clinically beneficial. New research published by Wu et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network sought to determine whether such...

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