Advertisement

Advertisement

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Outcomes in Pancreatic Cancer Surveillance Program for Carriers of Germline CDKN2A Pathogenic Variants

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Klatte et al provided findings from a 20-year follow-up of a pancreatic cancer surveillance program including carriers of germline CDKN2A pathogenic variants. Study Details The study included 347 carriers in the Netherlands who...

Solid Tumors
Genomics/Genetics

Dabrafenib/Trametinib Combination Receives FDA Approval for BRAF V600E–Mutated Solid Tumors

On June 23, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval for dabrafenib (Tafinlar) plus trametinib (Mekinist) for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients aged 6 years and older with unresectable or metastatic solid tumors with a BRAF V600E mutation whose disease...

COVID-19
Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship
Genomics/Genetics

American Cancer Society Investigators Present Studies on COVID-19 Pandemic, Racial/Ethnic Disparities, and Coverage for Genomic Testing

Investigators at the American Cancer Society presented results of several studies during poster sessions at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting. Summaries of a few of these studies are provided here. COVID-19 and Cancer Mortality According to a new study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society,...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

NOTABLE Trial: Survival in Pancreatic KRAS Wild-Type Cancer Improved With Addition of Nimotuzumab to Gemcitabine

In patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer and KRAS wild-type tumors, novel treatment with the monoclonal antibody nimotuzumab, which targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR),  plus gemcitabine significantly improved overall survival and other outcomes over...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Factors That May Predict Response to the Addition of Bevacizumab to Front-Line Chemotherapy in Patients With Endometrial Cancer

In an analysis from an NRG Oncology/Gynecologic Oncology Group phase II study (GOG-86P) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Thiel et al looked at outcomes in patients with advanced endometrial cancer treated with bevacizumab added to front-line chemotherapy. The investigators found that...

Multiple Myeloma
Genomics/Genetics

Study Identifies Three-Gene Signature That May Predict Response to Selinexor in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Researchers have, for the first time, identified genes that may predict response to a therapy for a blood cancer that can have serious side effects for some patients. The therapy, selinexor, is part of the treatment armamentarium for multiple myeloma, but the ability to target its use to patients...

Genomics/Genetics

Germline Variants in Types of Cancer Without Hereditary Testing Guidelines

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, FRCP, and colleagues found that a substantial proportion of patients with cancer types that lacked hereditary testing guidelines harbored germline pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants. Study Details The study included data from...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Matthew Krebs, PhD, on NSCLC: Updated Results With Amivantamab-vmjw

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Matthew Krebs, PhD, of The University of Manchester and The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, discuss results from the CHRYSALIS study. The trial showed that the bispecific antibody amivantamab-vmjw demonstrated antitumor activity, even after prior treatment, in patients with non–small cell lung cancer that exhibits the MET exon 14 skipping mutation (Abstract 9008).

colorectal cancer
genomics/genetics

Michael J. Overman, MD, and Smitha Krishnamurthi, MD, on RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Refining Treatment Strategy

Michael J. Overman, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and Smitha Krishnamurthi, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, review three abstracts, all of which enrolled patients with newly diagnosed RAS and BRAF wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer with left-sided primary tumors. The discussion centers on what the study results indicate about the use of an EGFR therapy and weighing the risk to quality of life from rash, in particular (Abstracts LBA3503, LBA3504, LBA3505).

Genomics/Genetics
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Leukemia

Demethylation and Upregulation of the Oncogene SALL4 After Hypomethylating Therapy

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Liu et al found that hypomethylating therapy was associated with upregulation of the oncogene SALL4 in a high proportion of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. They also identified the gene region that is demethylated and responsible...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Triplet Combination Therapy Yields High Response Rates in Patients With FLT3-Mutated AML

FLT3-ITD–mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is an aggressive disease usually resistant to available treatment options, resulting in high front-line response rates but short response durations and low survival rates. Quizartinib—a potent selective FLT3 inhibitor—can work synergistically with...

Genomics/Genetics
Bladder Cancer

Real-World Uptake of FGFR-Alteration Testing and Gene-Targeted Therapy for Patients With Urothelial Cancer

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Nimgaonkar et al found that less than half of patients with urothelial cancer who had received first-line platinum-based therapy underwent testing for FGFR alterations and that less than half of patients with susceptible alterations...

Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Genomics/Genetics

Targeted Therapy Emavusertib Shows Activity in Patients With MDS or AML With Specific Mutations

Mutations in SF3B1 and U2AF1 can drive overexpression of activated IRAK4—which regulates inflammation and promotes cancer cell growth and survival—and are associated with a poor prognosis for patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Emavusertib is a...

Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Differences in Germline Variant Spectrum Between Black and White Men With Prostate Cancer

In a study presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 10502) and simultaneously published in JCO Precision Oncology, Veda N. Giri, MD, and colleagues found that Black men with prostate cancer exhibited a lower frequency and narrower spectrum of germline pathogenic or likely pathogenic...

Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves FoundationOne CDx as a Companion Diagnostic for Entrectinib

On June 9, Foundation Medicine, Inc., announced that it has received approval from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for FoundationOne CDx to be used as a companion diagnostic for the two indications of the tyrosine kinase inhibitor entrectinib (Rozlytrek). As a companion diagnostic,...

prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Neal D. Shore, MD, on Germline Genetic Testing and Its Impact on Prostate Cancer Clinical Decision-Making

Neal D. Shore, MD, of the Carolina Urologic Research Center, discusses his study findings, showing that germline genetic testing influenced care for patients with prostate cancer. Men whose genetic test was positive for a pathogenic germline variant received more recommendations for changes to follow-up and treatment, and for testing and counseling of relatives, than did patients with negative or uncertain test results (Abstract 10500).  

Genomics/Genetics

Patient-Facing Screening Tool Could Increase Detection of Individuals With Lynch Syndrome

Nearly 1 million people in the United States are affected by Lynch syndrome, a hereditary cancer condition with markedly elevated risk of gastrointestinal, endometrial, and other cancers. Most of them, however, are unaware of it, or find out only after they have developed cancer. A screening...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Study Finds Genetic Mutations Differ Across Younger and Older Patients With Breast Cancer

Women younger than age 40 with advanced breast cancer often experience more aggressive disease and worse prognoses than their older counterparts. Knowing which types of genetic mutations these patients tend to have may inform treatment strategies and improve outcomes. In a recent study, researchers ...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Study Examines Ancestry-Specific Genetic Risk for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Although women of African descent experience a higher incidence and mortality from triple-negative breast cancer than women of other races or ethnicities, research findings presented by Hall et al at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting showed that the magnitude of gene-specific risks of triple-negative...

Cost of Care
Genomics/Genetics

New Study Assesses Oncologists’ Ratings of the Importance of Health Insurance and Costs for Genomic Testing

A new study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society showed physician, practice, and patient characteristics were associated with oncologists’ ratings of the importance of patient health insurance and out-of-pocket costs for genomic testing in treatment decisions. The findings are being...

Genomics/Genetics

Study Points to Expanded Genomic Testing to Benefit Children and Young Adults With Cancer

New findings from researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center published by Shukla et al in Nature Communications reported the results of using a comprehensive sequencing approach on 114 pediatric, adolescent, and young adult patients with solid tumors. The researchers found that their...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, on Lung Adenocarcinoma: Somatic Mutations, Germline Risk, and Ancestry

Matthew L. Meyerson, MD, PhD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that suggest the variation in frequency of EGFR and KRAS mutations in lung cancer may be associated with genetic ancestry in patients from Latin America. The results indicate it may be possible to identify germline alleles underpinning this link. Finding a germline locus or loci may impact the development of lung cancers with these mutations and may improve lung cancer prevention and screening for populations of Latin American origin, as well as others.

Bladder Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Report Finds Uptake of Erdafitinib for Urothelial Cancer May Be Limited, Despite Positive Real-World Survival Data

The first bladder cancer drug targeting a cancer-driving gene mutation has been used relatively little despite its clear efficacy in a clinical trial, suggests a report published as a research letter by Nimgaonkar et al in JAMA Oncology. Researchers analyzed a large, nationwide database of cancer...

Solid Tumors
Genomics/Genetics

Next-Generation PARP1-Selective Inhibitor Offers Significant Benefits Over Older Predecessors in Treatment of Solid Tumors

The first-in-human, first-in-class trial of the next-generation PARP (poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase) 1–selective inhibitor AZD5305 suggests this drug may be a welcome advance over its U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved predecessors in the treatment of solid tumors with alterations in...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, on Multicancer Early Detection: Opportunities and Challenges

Nickolas Papadopoulos, PhD, of the Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses early detection as the key to reducing cancer mortality and the lack of tests for many malignancies. Liquid biopsies have the potential to screen for various tumor types, albeit with varying levels of sensitivity. Dr. Papadopoulos discusses his research on such blood tests, following patients prospectively to find the best combination of genetic and epigenetic biomarkers to increase sensitivity (Abstract PL02).

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy
Genomics/Genetics

Ipilimumab/Nivolumab in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic or Biliary Cancer and HRD Pathogenic Germline Variants

In a single-institution case series reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Terrero et al found that the combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab was active in patients with chemotherapy-refractory metastatic pancreatic or biliary cancer with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)...

pancreatic cancer
genomics/genetics

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Novel Insights Into Genetics and Evolution

Christine A. Iacobuzio-Donahue, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses her research on the evolutionary features of advanced stage pancreatic cancers and the insights that may be used to help improve patient outcomes (Abstract PL05).

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: Is Trastuzumab Deruxtecan the Answer for HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer?

The human epidermal growth factor (HER) family of receptors are a well-established therapeutic target. Indeed, seminal studies conducted nearly 2 decades ago identified a key association between activating mutations in the kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, also known as...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: T-DXd Shows Durable Activity in Previously Treated Metastatic HER2-Mutant NSCLC

In a phase II trial (DESTINY-Lung01) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Bob T. Li, MD, PhD, MPH, of the Thoracic Oncology and Early Drug Development Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues found that fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) showed...

Genomics/Genetics

Association of Pathogenic Variants in Hereditary Cancer Genes With Additional Cancers and Non-neoplastic Diseases

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Zeng et al found that germline pathogenic variants in 23 hereditary cancer genes were associated with an increased risk of cancers not previously associated with the variants, as well as an increased risk of multiple non-neoplastic diseases. Study Details The...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, on Transforming Patient Outcomes: The Future of Cancer Research

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the battle against treatment resistance and how to overcome it, as well as the power of observational clinical data in precision oncology, derived largely from his experience with Project GENIE, and the role of genetic ancestry (Abstract PL02).

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Study Identifies Genetic Changes in Patients With Barrett’s Esophagus That Progresses to Esophageal Cancer

Using whole-genome sequencing to contrast genomic alterations in patients with stable Barrett’s esophagus compared to patients whose Barrett’s progressed to esophageal adenocarcinoma, Paulson et al reported that DNA changes presaging esophageal cancer can be spotted years before cancer develops....

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, on CNS Metastases: Understanding Their Evolution and the Clinical Implications

Priscilla K. Brastianos, MD, of Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, talks about her efforts to better understand how brain metastases evolve genomically and to test such agents as abemaciclib, paxalisib, and entrectinib, which may stop their growth. Palbociclib, a CDK inhibitor, has already shown potential benefit. A national cooperative group trial is underway in multiple centers to identify novel treatments for patients with brain metastases, who typically have a poor prognosis (Abstract SY38).

gynecologic cancers
breast cancer
pancreatic cancer
prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, on Ovarian, Breast, Pancreatic, and Prostate Cancers With Genetic Mutations: A First-in-Human Trial of AZD5305

Timothy A. Yap, MBBS, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses results from the PETRA study, a first-in-class, first-in-human trial of the next-generation PARP1-selective inhibitor AZD5305 in patients with BRCA1/2, PALB2, or RAD51C/D mutations in advanced or metastatic ovarian cancer, HER2-negative breast cancer, pancreatic, or prostate cancer. Target engagement was demonstrated across all dose levels, and antitumor activity was observed in selected tumor and molecular subtypes.

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Assessment of Cancer Risk Profile for Germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 Pathogenic Variants in Patients With Common Cancers

In a Japanese case-control study reported in JAMA Oncology, Momozawa et al found that germline BRCA1/2 pathogenic variants were associated with an increased risk of biliary tract, esophageal, and gastric cancers, in addition to an increased risk of cancers that have well-established associations...

prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

First-Line Therapy for BRCA2-Mutated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

This is Part 3 of Updates in Prostate Cancer, a four-part video roundtable series. Scroll down to watch the other videos from this Roundtable. In this video, Drs. Celestia (Tia) Higano, Julie Graff, and Neal Shore discuss the first-line therapy for BRCA2-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The patient is a 69-year-old man with new castration-resistant prostate cancer who was previously treated with androgen-deprivation therapy plus docetaxel for metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer and has a known BRCA2 mutation. The faculty discuss their choices for first-line therapy for this patient, reviewing the current NCCN recommendations, the role of PARP inhibitors, and recent data from the PROpel and MAGNITUDE trials.

Genomics/Genetics

Maternal Malignancies May Be Identified Through Noninvasive Prenatal Test Results

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Heesterbeek et al found that results of noninvasive prenatal testing for fetal aneuploidy screening using cell-free DNA derived from maternal plasma raised suspicion of maternal malignancy in a very small proportion of pregnant women....

genomics/genetics
issues in oncology

Cheryl L. Willman, MD, on Cancer Genomic Sequencing in Tribal Nations of the American Southwest

Cheryl L. Willman, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the profound cancer health disparities among Native Americans, exacerbated by low rates of screening and limited access to care. Dr. Willman is heading an effort to promote community engagement in comprehensive genomic sequencing with the hope that researchers will discover novel mutations and genome-wide mutational signatures that can ultimately be translated to improved screening and therapy in this population (Abstract PL03).

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Jia Luo, MD, on NSCLC: Clinicopathologic and Molecular Characterization of KRAS G12D–Mutated Disease

Jia Luo, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the emerging class of cancer therapies for allele-specific KRAS inhibitors and the importance of their distinct clinical, genomic, and immunologic features. Because KRAS G12D–mutated non–small cell lung cancer is associated with worse responses to immunotherapy, Dr. Luo believes drug development will need to take these differences into account (Abstract 4117).

Hematologic Malignancies
Genomics/Genetics

John Mascarenhas, MD, on the Implications of the FIGHT-203 Trial

John Mascarenhas, MD, Director of the Adult Leukemia Program at The Tisch Cancer Institute at Mount Sinai, New York, commented on the implications of the FIGHT-203 trial, which evaluated pemigatinib in myeloid or lymphoid neoplasms. Pemigatinib is an oral small-molecule receptor tyrosine kinase...

Hematologic Malignancies
Genomics/Genetics

Study Shows Pemigatinib Activity in Treatment of Myeloid or Lymphoid Neoplasms With FGFR1 Rearrangement

In patients with myeloid or lymphoid neoplasms with FGFR1 rearrangements, pemigatinib produced high and durable response rates, despite patients’ extensive use of prior treatments or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), according to the early results of the multicenter phase II FIGHT-203 ...

Solid Tumors
Genomics/Genetics

Selumetinib in Children and Young Adults With Tumors That Have Activating MAPK Pathway Alterations

In a phase II trial (arm E of the NCI-COG Pediatric MATCH trial) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eckstein et al found that the MEK inhibitor selumetinib showed little activity in pediatric and young adult patients with tumors harboring activating MAPK pathway mutations or fusions. As...

Genomics/Genetics

Study Findings Broaden Repertoire of Cancer-Relevant Genes

Following an analysis of over 12,000 human genes, research from Yale Cancer Center indicates there is cancer-relevant importance in a much larger proportion of human genes than current cancer research models suggest. Much of cancer biology research focuses on a few dozen well-studied genes called...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Turnaround Times in Melanoma BRAF Testing and Effect on Time to Treatment Initiation

In a single-center study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Ceballos et al identified turnaround times for request and receipt of melanoma BRAF testing results. They also analyzed factors in differences in turnaround times and effects on time to initiation of treatment. The study included 66...

Genomics/Genetics

New Bioinformatics Platform Optimizes Selection of Combination Cancer Therapies

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have developed a new bioinformatics platform that predicts optimal treatment combinations for a given group of patients based on co-occurring tumor alterations. In retrospective validation studies, the tool selected combinations that...

genomics/genetics

Patricia M. LoRusso, DO, on Targeting KRAS: Clinical Successes and Challenges

Patricia M. LoRusso, DO, of the Yale University School of Medicine, discusses how patients may benefit in the coming decade from discoveries about agents that target KRAS, and how important the approval of sotorasib turned out to be, as well as other agents in the research pipeline. Dr. LoRusso also talks about the scientific advances in tackling inhibition (Abstract SY20).

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Patients With Lung Cancer and a Genetic Variant Linked to Autoimmune Disease May Be Especially Responsive to Immunotherapy

A variant of the CTLA-4 gene associated with autoimmune disease was found to be more frequent in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who experienced an exceptionally high response to anti–PD-1 immunotherapy and a higher rate of immune-related side effects than in a comparable cohort of ...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Expert Point of View: Mark E. Robson, MD

“OlympiA is clearly a practice-changing trial, and olaparib should be offered to patients meeting the entry criteria for the study,” said Mark E. Robson, MD, Chief of the Breast Medicine Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. Dr. Robson was invited to discuss the findings of...

Breast Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

OlympiA Trial: Adjuvant Olaparib Significantly Improves Overall Survival in Germline BRCA-Mutated Breast Cancer

The OlympiA trial of adjuvant olaparib in patients with HER2-negative, high-risk ­early-stage breast cancer and BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations has now demonstrated a significant overall survival benefit, reducing the risk of death over placebo by 32% and yielding an absolute improvement of 3.8% at 3...

Genomics/Genetics

FDA Approves Alpelisib for PIK3CA-Related Overgrowth Spectrum

On April 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to alpelisib (Vijoice) for adult and pediatric patients aged 2 years and older with severe manifestations of PIK3CA-related overgrowth spectrum (PROS) who require systemic therapy. PROS encompasses a group of rare...

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement