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Lung Cancer
Lymphoma
Bladder Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Lung Cancers, Lymphoma

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for non–small cell and small cell lung cancers, as well as for diffuse large-B cell lymphoma (DLBCL); Breakthrough Therapy designation to an antibody-drug conjugate for bladder cancer; and a double Fast...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Quality of Life With Tisagenlecleucel Therapy for Relapsed or Refractory DLBCL

Adult patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) whose disease was effectively treated with the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel showed sustained and clinically meaningful improvement in a variety of self-reported quality-of-life measures, according to...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Addition of Pembrolizumab vs Placebo to Pemetrexed/Platinum for Nonsquamous NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Marina C. Garassino, MD, and colleagues, global health status/quality of life was maintained or improved with the addition of pembrolizumab vs placebo to pemetrexed/platinum therapy for previously untreated metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes With PD-1 Inhibitor Treatment and Response to Retreatment in Advanced Melanoma

In a single-center study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Allison Betof Warner, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that approximately three-quarters of patients with advanced melanoma achieving a complete response on programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor therapy were alive...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Highlights From ASH 2019 Included New Data in Leukemia, Lymphoma, and Multiple Myeloma

The ASH 2019 Annual Meeting & Exposition featured countless important sessions and lectures. It would be impossible to attend all the symposia, oral presentations, poster presentations, and special events. Below, we have selected some presentation highlights to supplement our coverage of the...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia

Expert Point of View: Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, MD, PhD

Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, MD, PhD, Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, commented on this study: “ELEVATE TN compared front-line treatment with acalabrutinib alone or in combination with obinutuzumab vs obinutuzumab/chlorambucil and showed that a second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK)...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia

Pivotal Trial Evaluates Second-Generation BTK Inhibitor Alone and in Combination With Obinutuzumab for First-Line Treatment of CLL

The second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor acalabrutinib, alone, or in combination with obinutuzumab significantly improved progression-free survival compared with a standard combination of obinutuzumab/chlorambucil in treatment-naive patients with chronic lympocytic leukemia...

Immunotherapy
Multiple Myeloma

Expert Point of View: Thierry Facon, MD, and Michael Jain, MD, PhD

Thierry Facon, MD, of Lille University Hospital in France, and Michael Jain, MD, PhD, of Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, were interviewed by The ASCO Post on the second-generation chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell products for treating multiple myeloma. According to Dr. Facon, essentially...

Immunotherapy
Multiple Myeloma

Next-Generation BCMA-Targeted CAR T-Cell Therapies for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma Explored in Early-Phase Trials

Two novel dual-target chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell strategies are yielding early and durable responses for patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, as well as potentially less cytokine-release syndrome and neurotoxicity compared with first-generation CAR T-cell products,...

Immunotherapy
Lymphoma

Combination Brentuximab Vedotin, Nivolumab Explored in First-Line, Salvage Therapies for Patients With Hodgkin Lymphoma

Two separate studies are investigating brentuximab vedotin plus nivolumab combination therapy for adults with Hodgkin lymphoma: one as first-line therapy and another as salvage therapy for relapsed/refractory classic disease, according to data presented at the 2019 Annual Meeting & Exposition...

Immunotherapy
Hematologic Malignancies

Early Data Suggest Efficacy of Innovative CAR NK-Cell Therapy for B-Cell Malignancies

FT596, a novel off-the-shelf chimeric antigen receptor natural killer cell (CAR-NK) product, was as effective as existing CAR T-cell platforms in killing cancer cells in vivo, and the combination of FT596 plus rituximab killed lymphoma cancer cells that were no longer responding to CAR T-cell...

Immunotherapy
Lymphoma

Bispecific Antibody Shows Activity in Post–CAR T-Cell Therapy for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Mosunetuzumab, an ­investigational ­bispecific antibody, demonstrated activity in preliminary studies of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), including those who are refractory to or relapsed after third-line chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. With further study, mosunetuzumab,...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia

Expert Point of View: Howard J. Weinstein, MD, and Robert A. Brodsky, MD

Commenting on the Children’s Oncology Group AALL1331 study, Howard J. Weinstein, MD, Chief of Pediatric Hematology­Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital for Children and Harvard Medical School in Boston, said: “These are very promising results for children, adolescents, and young adults who...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia

Blinatumomab Post-reinduction Consolidation Improves Event-Free, Overall Survival vs Chemotherapy in Young Patients With B-Cell ALL

Among children, adolescents, and young adults with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab improved event-free survival and overall survival, compared with standard chemotherapy, as post-reinduction consolidation therapy at first relapse prior to...

Immunotherapy
Lymphoma

Expert Point of View: Basem M. William, MD, MRCP (UK), FACP, and Caron Jacobson, MD

Basem M. William, MD, MRCP (UK), FACP, Director of the T-Cell Lymphoma Program and Member of the Blood and Marrow Transplant Program at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbus, said many of the new-generation bispecific antibodies are “highly promising.” He said they “are...

Immunotherapy
Lymphoma

Will Bispecific Antibodies Compete With CAR T-Cell Therapy in Lymphoma?

Are second-generation bispecific antibodies the next big thing in lymphoma? Studies of these drugs were among the highlights of the 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition. Years ago, the bispecific T-cell engager blinatumomab validated the concept of bispecific...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Conference Highlights From the 2019 American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting & Exposition

More than 25,000 specialists in hematology from over 115 countries attended the 61st American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition held last December in Orlando. The conference featured a stunning array of 4,900 abstracts with impressive new data in the treatment of multiple...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Sarcomatoid and Rhabdoid RCC: Potential Determinants of Poor Prognosis and Treatment Response

Ziad Bakouny, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses two types of renal cell cancer that are associated with poor prognosis. Because recent early data suggest these tumors respond well to immune checkpoint inhibitors, the authors characterized the tumors in an integrative molecular and clinical study (Abstract 715).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on COSMIC-313: Cabozantinib in Combination With Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in RCC

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, describes a currently recruiting phase III study (COSMIC-313) of cabozantinib in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab vs nivolumab/ipilimumab for patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma of intermediate or poor risk (Abstract TPS767).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, on Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Sunitinib in Advanced Kidney Cancer

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses overall survival and an independent review of response in CheckMate 214 with 42-month follow-up, using first-line nivolumab plus ipilimumab vs sunitinib in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 609).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Adding Radiation to Immunotherapy for RCC: Improving Systemic Control Through Local Therapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, summarizes two papers on metastatic renal cell carcinoma for which he was the discussant: nivolumab in combination with stereotactic body radiotherapy in pretreated patients, and combining dual immune checkpoint inhibition with stereotactic radiation (Abstracts 613 & 614).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Bladder Cancer: Cetuximab With Chemoradiotherapy

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of The Institute of Cancer Research in London, discusses results from a phase I/II feasibility study that showed the combination of cetuximab, chemoradiation, fluorouracil, and mitomycin yields high bladder cancer control rates with acceptable toxicity and quality of life, meriting further evaluation in a randomized trial (Abstract 491).

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Results From the COSMIC-021 Study of Cabozantinib and Atezolizumab

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of the University of Utah Huntsman Cancer Institute, discusses trial findings that showed the combination of cabozantinib and atezolizumab had a tolerable safety profile and showed activity in men with metastatic disease. Further evaluation of cabozantinib and atezolizumab is planned in a phase III trial (Abstract 82).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, on Metastatic Kidney Cancer: Defining the Role of Cytoreductive Nephrectomy

Ziad Bakouny, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the controversial and ill-defined role of cytoreductive nephrectomy in treating patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma who have received targeted therapies or immune checkpoint inhibitors (Abstract 608).

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Julie N. Graff, MD, on Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Results From KEYNOTE-199 on Pembrolizumab Plus Enzalutamide

Julie N. Graff, MD, of Oregon Health & Science University and Knight Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that show pembrolizumab plus enzalutamide after progression on enzalutamide produced clinical activity and can lead to durable responses, with a manageable safety profile. The phase III KEYNOTE-641 trial will test patients who are enzalutamide-naive (Abstract 15).

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

No Improved Pathologic Complete Response With Atezolizumab in Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab to chemotherapy with carboplatin and nab-paclitaxel failed to significantly improve pathologic complete response rates compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with early high-risk, locally advanced triple-negative breast cancer. According...

immunotherapy
bladder cancer

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Locally Advanced or Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma: Enfortumab Vedotin Plus Pembrolizumab

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study results which showed that, in first-line cisplatin-ineligible patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, enfortumab vedotin/pembrolizumab demonstrated activity and durability, with a manageable safety profile (Abstract 441).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO/CCO Update Guideline for Selecting Systemic Treatment in Stage IV NSCLC Without Driver Mutations

ASCO and Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) have published an update to a joint guideline on systemic therapy for stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without driver mutations.1 “The treatment of stage IV NSCLC has become increasingly more complicated, and, with the advent of immunotherapy and the...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Perioperative Chemotherapy With or Without Cetuximab in Patients With Resectable Colorectal Cancer Liver Metastases

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Bridgewater et al, the phase III New EPOC trial has shown that the addition of perioperative cetuximab to chemotherapy was associated with significantly poorer overall survival in patients with KRAS wild-type resectable colorectal cancer liver metastases. An...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Pembrolizumab to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Early-Stage HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Rita Nanda, MD, and colleagues, findings from the ongoing phase II I-SPY 2 trial indicated that the addition of pembrolizumab to standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy improved pathologic complete response rates in patients with high-risk stage II/III HER2-negative breast ...

Lymphoma
Lung Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Lymphoma, Lung Cancer, GIST, and Breast Cancer

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to agents in lymphoma, lung cancer, gastrointestinal stromal tumors, and breast cancer, and granted Fast Track designation to a first-in-class radioenhancer hafnium oxide nanoparticle in head and neck cancer. Priority...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

2020 GU Cancers Symposium: Enfortumab Vedotin Plus Pembrolizumab in Bladder Cancer

In patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, platinum chemotherapy is the standard of care in the first-line setting; however, for patients who are ineligible for platinum treatment, the alternative standard—gemcitabine plus carboplatin—can be poorly tolerated and have limited durability and...

Hematologic Malignancies
Immunotherapy

Anti-CD19 CAR-NK Therapy in Relapsed or Refractory CD19-Positive Lymphoid Tumors

In a phase I/II trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Liu et al found that anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) natural killer (NK) cells produced rapid responses in patients with CD19-positive lymphoid tumors, without the toxicities associated with CAR T-cell therapy in this...

Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Immune-Related Adverse Events in Patients With Cancer Receiving Influenza Vaccination During Treatment With Pembrolizumab

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Failing et al found that influenza vaccination did not increase the incidence of immune-related adverse events among patients receiving pembrolizumab for various cancers. On multivariate analysis, influenza vaccination was associated with a...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Edmund K. Waller, MD, PhD

Edmund K. Waller, MD, PhD, Professor, Departments of Medicine, Pathology, and Hematology and Medical Oncology at Emory University School of Medicine and Medical Director, Center for Stem Cell Processing and Apheresis at Emory, said he was not surprised to learn that bridging therapy was associated...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Study Finds ‘Bridge’ to CAR T-Cell Therapy May Be Detrimental to Survival

The use of bridging therapy before treatment with axicabtagene ciloleucel was associated with worse overall survival in univariate, multivariate, and propensity score–matched analyses performed on data from the U.S. Lymphoma CAR T Consortium, investigators reported at the 2019 American Society of...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

John N. Lukens, MD, on Advanced Melanoma: Antibiotics, Survival, and Colitis in Patients Receiving Immunotherapy

John N. Lukens, MD, of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses his finding that taking antibiotics within 3 months of starting treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors may lead to inferior overall survival in patients with stage III or IV melanoma. The antibiotics were also linked to a higher incidence of severe immune-mediated colitis (Abstract 56).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Christopher B. Cole, MD, PhD, on Ovarian Cancer: First-in-Human Study of Interferon-Activated Autologous Monocytes

Christopher B. Cole, MD, PhD, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses findings from a phase I study of intraperitoneal monocytes activated by interferons alpha and gamma in patients with ovarian cancer. Two of 11 patients had a partial response and 5 of 11 had stable disease; ongoing efforts are exploring more immune system targets in order to increase efficacy (Abstract 1).

immunotherapy
symptom management
skin cancer

Kevin Tyan on Colitis Induced by Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: Potential Preventive Strategy

Kevin Tyan, of Kinnos, and currently a medical school student at Harvard University, discusses his study findings, which showed that patients with melanoma who are treated with immunotherapy had a significantly lower risk of developing colitis if they also took vitamin D ( Abstract 89).

immunotherapy

Jacob J. Adashek, DO, on Immunoregulatory Molecules, Cancer Genes, and Therapeutic Insights

Jacob J. Adashek, DO, of the University of South Florida and Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses data on combining immunoregulatory inhibition and targeted gene therapy, which may offer patients better outcomes (Abstract 10).

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Philippa G. Corrie, PhD, on Patient Outcomes in Melanoma After Immune Checkpoint Inhibition

Philippa G. Corrie, PhD, of Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, discusses a review of 2,322 patients with metastatic melanoma receiving first-line immune checkpoint inhibitors as standard of care in England between 2014 and 2018 (Abstract 55).

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

Luis I. Ruffolo, MD, on Pancreatic Cancer: Augmenting Immunotherapy With Antibody Blockade of Semaphorin 4D

Luis I. Ruffolo, MD, of the University of Rochester, discusses preclinical studies showing that semaphorin 4D blockade may sensitize pancreatic tumors to chemoimmunotherapy combinations (Abstract 26).

immunotherapy

Dario Vignali, PhD, on Immune Resistance Mechanisms in Cancer

Dario Vignali, PhD, of the University of Pittsburgh and UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, summarizes his Keynote Address, which covered what drives systemic immune dysfunction in patients with cancer, what promotes inhibitory receptor expression, and what limits the persistence of antigen-specific T cells.

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO-SITC 2020: Ilixadencel/Sunitinib vs Sunitinib Alone in Synchronous Metastatic Kidney Cancer

In a study presented by Lindskog et al at the 2020 ASCO-SITC Clinical Immuno-Oncology Symposium (Abstract 11), researchers found ilixadencel, a cell-based allogeneic off-the-shelf product, in combination with sunitinib produced a higher objective response rate than sunitinib alone in patients with...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

ASCO-SITC 2020: Low Incidence of Nivolumab-Induced Radiation Recall Pneumonitis Among Patients With NSCLC

A multicenter retrospective study investigating the incidence of pneumonitis and the incidence, risk factors, and clinical characteristics of radiation recall pneumonitis in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who had received nivolumab found the incidence of radiation recall...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy
Geriatric Oncology
Cost of Care

Expert Point of View: Michael Jain, MD, PhD

Michael Jain, MD, PhD, Assistant Member in the Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy at Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, commented on Dr. Kilgore’s findings. Dr. Jain was coauthor of a study by the U.S. Lymphoma CAR T Consortium that presented real-world data...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy
Geriatric Oncology
Cost of Care

Real-World Data for CAR T-Cell Therapy Show Benefit in Older Patients With Lymphoma, Lower Subsequent Health-Care Costs

Once considered highly experimental, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy is now an established third-line treatment option for B-cell lymphomas and leukemias. CAR T-cell therapy has saved the lives of people who would otherwise have run out of treatment options. But the question is...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Improves Pathologic Complete Response Rate in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

The addition of pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy achieves higher rates of pathologic complete response compared with placebo in patients with triple-negative breast cancer, according to results of the phase III KEYNOTE-522 trial presented at the 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Expert Point of View: Jeremy S. Abramson, MD

Jeremy S. Abramson, MD, Director of the Jon and JoAnn Hagler Center for Lymphoma at Massachusetts General Hospital and Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Boston, commented on the study by Topp et al for The ASCO Post. “Earlier use of steroids with axicabtagene ciloleucel...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO-SITC 2020: Preliminary Results Show Antitumor Activity With Pepinemab/Avelumab in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

Interim results from the CLASSICAL-Lung phase Ib/II clinical trial of pepinemab, an IgG4 humanized monoclonal antibody targeting semaphorin 4D, in combination with the anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 antibody avelumab for patients with advanced NSCLC showed that the treatment is well tolerated...

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