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kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab as First-Line Therapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses results from the COSMIC-021 study, which tested two different doses of cabozantinib, each with a standard dose of atezolizumab, administered to patients with metastatic advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Dr. Pal reports on response rates and progression-free survival, as well as biologic correlates that may have influenced response (Abstract 702O).

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Checkpoint Inhibitors May Improve Survival in Gastroesophageal Cancers

Immune therapy for advanced gastroesophageal cancer has taken a leap forward by showing its value in the first-line setting, according to two studies in which nivolumab and pembrolizumab, both given with chemotherapy, significantly improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone. The studies,...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Ezra E.W. Cohen, MD, on Head and Neck Cancer: Avelumab and Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced Disease

Ezra E.W. Cohen, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, discusses primary results of the phase III JAVELIN trial of locally advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck, in which the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab was combined with chemoradiotherapy followed by avelumab maintenance. Although the study results were negative, Dr. Cohen suggests other regimens that may prove to be effective (Abstract 910O).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the first results from the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial, which suggested the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib is safe. It showed activity in progression-free and overall survival, as well as in overall response rates and may have a place in treating patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 696O_PR).

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 9ER Trial Shows Benefit of Novel Doublet for Advanced Kidney Cancer

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was superior to the former standard, sunitinib, as first-line treatment for advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and colleagues at the ESMO Virtual...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Avelumab Plus Best Supportive Care in Advanced Bladder Cancer

Findings from the JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial were published by Thomas Powles, MD, and colleagues in The New England Journal of Medicine. Researchers reported that the PD-L1 inhibitor avelumab led to a 31% reduction in risk of death, and extended median survival by more than 7 months in patients with ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Pembrolizumab to Eribulin in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Sara M. Tolaney, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that the addition of pembrolizumab to eribulin did not improve progression-free survival in women with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. As stated by the...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line PD-1 Inhibitor With or Without Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy Alone in Advanced Gastric Cancer: KEYNOTE-062

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Kohei Shitara, MD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYNOTE-062 trial showed no significant improvement in overall or progression-free survival with first-line pembrolizumab with or without chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone in patients with PD-L1–positive advanced...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use May Be Associated With Worse Outcomes in Patients Treated With Atezolizumab for Urothelial Cancer

Recent evidence indicates that proton pump inhibitors may cause significant changes in the gut microbiota; gut microbiota dysbiosis has been linked to reduced immune checkpoint inhibitor effectiveness. In a retrospective analysis of clinical trials investigating the immune checkpoint inhibitor...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Meta-analysis of Duration of Adjuvant Trastuzumab in Early Breast Cancer

In individual participant data and trial-level meta-analyses reported in JAMA Network Open, Gulia et al found that disease-free survival with adjuvant trastuzumab given for less than 1 year was noninferior to 1 year of trastuzumab therapy in patients with early breast cancer. In addition, the...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Dr. Kantarjian Shares His Thoughts on Optimizing the Treatment of Adults With ALL

In the treatment of adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), use of newer antibodies and de-intensification of chemotherapy have greatly improved outcomes, according to Hagop ­Kantarjian, MD, who has been very involved in much of the research in ALL treatment. Dr. Kantarjian, Professor and...

Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Combination Immunotherapy Benefits Subset of Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer

Results from a phase II trial led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center suggest that a combination of ipilimumab (anti–CTLA-4) plus nivolumab (anti–PD-1) can generate durable responses in a subset of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, an...

Immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy May Contribute to Arterial Inflammation

According to findings from a small study published by Calabretta et al in Circulation, treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors may worsen inflammation in the arteries that distribute blood from the heart. The research found increased inflammation in the large arteries of 20 Austrian patients...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Durvalumab Plus Cisplatin/Pemetrexed in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Nowak et al, the Australian phase II DREAM trial showed activity with the triplet of durvalumab plus cisplatin/pemetrexed in previously untreated patients with advanced malignant mesothelioma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 54 evaluable patients with...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Lisocabtagene Maraleucel for Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphomas

In the TRANSCEND NHL 001 study reported in The Lancet, Jeremy S. Abramson, MD, and colleagues found that the autologous CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell agent lisocabtagene maraleucel (liso-cel) produced a high response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Cobimetinib/Vemurafenib in BRAF V600–Positive Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

On July 30, 2020, atezolizumab was granted approval for use in combination with cobimetinib and vemurafenib for patients with BRAF V600 mutation–positive unresectable or metastatic melanoma.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings from the phase III, double-blind IMspire150 trial ...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Avelumab in Maintenance Treatment of Urothelial Carcinoma

On June 30, 2020, avelumab was approved for maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma that has not progressed with first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in the randomized, multicenter, ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Immunotherapy

Update on Novel Immunotherapies for Plasma Cell Disorders

In this installment of The ASCO Post’s Hematology Expert Review, we take a closer look at the monoclonal antibody targeting CD38, daratumumab, in the treatment of amyloid light chain (AL) amyloidosis and resistant multiple myeloma as well as the antibody-drug conjugate belantamab mafodotin-blmf,...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Growing Body of Evidence Supports Adjuvant Immunotherapy for Stage IV Melanoma With No Evidence of Disease

With incredibly paced approvals and clinical advancements in the systemic therapy of cutaneous melanoma, the efficacy of immunotherapy in this disease is clear. However, many important questions remain regarding timing and dosing—in other words, which drug (or drugs) makes the most sense and in...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Dean A. Fennell, FRCP, PhD

Invited discussant of the CheckMate 743 trial, Dean A. Fennell, FRCP, PhD, Director of the Mesothelioma Research Program and Chair of Thoracic Oncology at The University of Leicester and University Hospitals of Leicester, United Kingdom, noted the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab has been...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab: New Standard of Care in First-Line Treatment of Unresectable Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma?

Immunotherapy is taking on yet another highly aggressive cancer and yielding strong results, according to data presented during the 2020 International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer’s World Conference on Lung Cancer Virtual Presidential Symposium.1 A prespecified interim analysis of the...

Immunotherapy

New Study Focuses on Multiorgan Immunotherapy-Related Adverse Events in Clinical Trials

A new study published by Kichenadasse et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network concentrates on how immunotherapy-related adverse events may impact more than one organ in a single patient. This study provides new information on how frequently multiorgan side effects occur...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Issues Alert About Efficacy and Potential Safety Concerns Regarding Atezolizumab Plus Paclitaxel in Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

On September 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) alerted health-care professionals, oncology clinical investigators, and patients that a clinical trial studying the use of atezolizumab and paclitaxel in patients with previously untreated, inoperable, locally advanced or metastatic...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

CLL14 Trial Follow-up: Venetoclax Plus Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Al-Sawaf et al, 3-year follow-up of the phase III CLL14 trial showed maintained significant improvement in progression-free survival with the fixed-duration regimen of venetoclax/obinutuzumab vs chlorambucil/obinutuzumab in previously untreated patients with...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: TROPHIMMUN Trial

Two gynecologic oncologists and ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, commented on the findings of the TROPHIMMUN trial for The ASCO Post. “The authors demonstrate efficacy of a new treatment approach for gestational trophoblastic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

TROPHIMMUN Trial Finds Avelumab Effective in Rare Gynecologic Tumor Resistant to Chemotherapy

The first trial of immunotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumors proved effective in almost 50% of patients resistant to single-agent chemotherapy, French investigators reported in an abstract presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1 The results of the phase II TROPHIMMUN trial ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Endometrial Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Vicky Makker, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues, findings from a phase Ib/II trial indicate that the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab is active in patients with previously treated advanced...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Addition of Trastuzumab to Carboplatin/Paclitaxel for Advanced or Recurrent HER2-Positive Uterine Serous Carcinoma

Combining the HER2-targeted therapy trastuzumab with carboplatin and paclitaxel improved survival rates for women with a rare, aggressive type of endometrial cancer, according to findings published by Amanda N. Fader, MD, of Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, and colleagues in Clinical...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Nicoletta Colombo, MD

The invited discussant of the two trials in cervical and endometrial cancers presented at the ESMO Congress 2019 was Nicoletta ­Colombo, MD, of the University of Milan-Bicocca in Italy, who commented on what she called “exciting results in cancers with unmet needs.” Dr. Colombo noted: “The studies...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

ESMO 2019: Immunotherapy in Cervical and Endometrial Cancers

In studies reported at the ESMO Congress 2019, immunotherapy yielded encouraging outcomes in two gynecologic cancer populations in need of new treatments, including patients with advanced cervical cancer that is microsatellite-stable and patients previously treated for advanced endometrial cancer....

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-100: In Women With Advanced Ovarian Cancer, Pembrolizumab Yields Modest Antitumor Efficacy

the final results of the phase II KEYNOTE-100 study of pembrolizumab in women with advanced and recurrent ovarian cancer showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced modest clinical activity. Ursula Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, reported the data at the...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Nivolumab Alone in Resected Stage IV Melanoma With No Evidence of Disease

In an interim analysis of the German phase II IMMUNED trial reported in The Lancet, Lisa Zimmer, MD, of University Hospital Essen, and colleagues found that adjuvant nivolumab plus ipilimumab and nivolumab alone significantly prolonged recurrence-free survival vs placebo in patients with resected...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Is It Time to Add Checkpoint Inhibitors to the Treatment of Locally Advanced Lung Cancer?

After more than 20 years of failed strategies to improve survival rates for locally advanced lung cancers, checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized therapy, but prognoses still lag behind other tumor types. During the ASCO20 Virtual Education Program, Mark G. Kris, MD, FASCO, a thoracic medical...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Assessment of Potential Abscopal Effect of SBRT Added to Nivolumab in Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

In a single-center phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, McBride et al found that use of stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for a potential abscopal effect together with nivolumab did not improve objective response rate vs nivolumab alone in patients with metastatic head...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Meta-analysis of FOLFOXIRI/Bevacizumab vs Doublets/Bevacizumab as Initial Treatment for Unresectable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a patient-level meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chiara Cremolini, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that infusional fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan (FOLFOXIRI) plus bevacizumab was associated with significantly greater overall survival vs...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ORIENT-11 Trial Shows Sintilimab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Advanced NSCLC

The first-line setting for patients with locally advanced or metastatic non-squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) now has become more complicated, according to data presented during the 2020 International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer’s World Conference on Lung Cancer Virtual...

Immunotherapy

The Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy Appoints John Connolly, PhD, as Chief Scientific Officer

The Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy (PICI) announced that John Connolly, PhD, has been named Chief Scientific Officer. In this role, Dr. Connolly will design and execute PICI’s overall research strategy in close collaboration with the institute’s leadership team, center directors, and...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Researchers Outline Need for Evaluation of Gene-Expression Profiling in Melanoma

A consensus statement published in JAMA Dermatology by an international group of melanoma researchers evaluated the use of prognostic gene-expression profile testing to guide clinical management of melanoma.1 The group cautioned against the routine use of currently available gene-expression...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Tafasitamab-cxix in the Treatment of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On July 31, 2020, tafasitamab-cxix, a CD19-directed...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Paul Baas, MD, PhD, on Mesothelioma: First-Line Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy

Paul Baas, MD, PhD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses results of the CheckMate 743 trial, which suggests nivolumab plus ipilimumab should be considered the new standard of care in first-line treatment of unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma, regardless of the histology subtype (Abstract 3).

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Daratumumab Plus Carfilzomib and Dexamethasone for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On August 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with carfilzomib (Kyprolis) and dexamethasone (DKd) for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one to three previous lines of therapy....

Immunotherapy
Lung Cancer
CNS Cancers
Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapy Dose Regimen, Small Cell Lung Cancer; Fast Track Designations in Brain Cancer and Leukemia

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Reviews for a novel dosing regimen for durvalumab as well as for trilaciclib in small cell lung cancer; granted Fast Track designations to treatments for glioblastoma and B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia; and issued reports...

Immunotherapy
Kidney Cancer

Link Between Gut Microbiome and Treatment Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer

Researchers have found that greater gut microbial diversity in patients with metastatic kidney cancer is associated with better treatment outcomes in those receiving immunotherapy. These findings were published by Salgia et al in European Urology. “We also reported the changes over time in the gut...

Immunotherapy

Meta-analysis of Overall Survival With Immunotherapy in Patients With Advanced Cancer According to Sex, Age, and Performance Status

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Yang et al found overall survival benefits with immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment vs non–immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment of advanced cancers irrespective of sex, age < 65 years vs ≥ 65 years, or Eastern Cooperative ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Activity of Olaparib and Durvalumab in Germline BRCA-Mutated Metastatic Breast Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Susan M. Domchek, MD, and colleagues, the combination of olaparib and durvalumab showed activity in a cohort of patients with germline BRCA-mutated, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer enrolled in a phase I/II basket study (MEDIOLA). Study Details In the...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Balancing Efficacy and Safety of Targeted Therapy in Breast Cancer Care

Novel targeted therapies have increased the likelihood of cure and prolonged survival in many patients with advanced breast cancer (Table 1), but these new agents also carry toxicity profiles that vary greatly from those of traditional chemotherapy. During the ASCO20 Virtual Education Program,...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Early Rituximab Intensification in R-CHOP for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Pieternella Johanna Lugtenburg, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III Haemato-Oncology Foundation for Adults in the Netherlands (HOVEN)/ Nordic Lymphoma Group HOVON-84 trial showed that early rituximab intensification in R-CHOP-14 (rituximab plus...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Tremelimumab/Durvalumab Regimen Active in Advanced Hepatocelluar Carcinoma

A single priming dose of tremelimumab and durvalumab, followed by monthly durvalumab, showed clinical activity in a predominantly second-line advanced hepatocellular carcinoma population, in a study reported at the ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer Virtual 2020.1 In a study of 332...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Bevacizumab to mFOLFOX6 for the First-Line Treatment of RAS-Mutant Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases

In a Chinese single-institution trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tang et al found that the addition of first-line bevacizumab to mFOLFOX6 (modified fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) resulted in a higher rate of conversion to R0 resection in patients with RAS-mutant,...

Immunotherapy

Subcutaneous Daratumumab Improves Outcomes for Patients With Light-Chain Amyloidosis, Study Finds

Patients with light-chain amyloidosis may soon have a new standard of care, according to data presented during the 25th European Hematology Association (EHA25) Virtual Annual Congress.1 Results of the phase III ANDROMEDA study have shown that adding subcutaneous daratumumab to the triplet...

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