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Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Has Given Me Back My Life

Hearing the words “You have cancer” is a devastating blow, especially when the biggest health issues you’ve had to contend with over more than 6 decades are common colds and knee and hip replacements. But in 2017, the symptoms I thought were from a lingering summer cold drove me to seek medical...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Cabozantinib vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment for Advanced RCC: Overall Survival Analysis of CheckMate 9ER Trial

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Robert J. Motzer, MD, and colleagues, the protocol-defined final overall survival analysis of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial showed a significant benefit with nivolumab/cabozantinib vs sunitinib in previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Thomas Seufferlein, MD

Thomas Seufferlein, MD, Professor of Medicine at Ulm University Hospital in Germany, found the data from the NOTABLE trial1 encouraging and “clinically interesting.” However, he suggested the study’s design did not allow the EGFR inhibitor to be optimally tested. The NOTABLE trial is based on a...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

NOTABLE Trial: Survival in Pancreatic KRAS Wild-Type Cancer Improved With Addition of Nimotuzumab to Gemcitabine

In patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer and KRAS wild-type tumors, novel treatment with the monoclonal antibody nimotuzumab, which targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR),  plus gemcitabine significantly improved overall survival and other outcomes over...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Debu Tripathy, MD

Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor and Chair of Breast Medical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, shared his thoughts on TROPiCS-02 with The ASCO Post. He said the study is important because it addresses the needs of “a population with limited options, whose...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

TROPiCS-02 Sacituzumab Govitecan Effective in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

For advanced breast cancer that is hormone receptor–positive and HER2-negative, sacituzumab govitecan-hziy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 34% over physician’s choice of treatment, based on the results of the phase III TROPiCS-02 trial.1 The heavily pretreated patients in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Kimmie Ng, MD, MPH

The study’s invited discussant was Kimmie Ng, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Co-Director of the Colon and Rectal Cancer Center at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston. “Neoadjuvant dostarlimab-gxly for 6 months represents a promising new treatment for...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

100% Complete Response Rate in 14 Patients With Rectal Cancer Treated With Neoadjuvant Dostarlimab-gxly

In a study of 18 patients with locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) rectal cancer, 6 months of neoadjuvant treatment with the anti–PD-1 agent dostarlimab-gxly alone led to clinical complete responses in 100% of the study’s first 14 patients.1 These results were presented at the 2022...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Patricia LoRusso, DO, PhD

Invited discussant Patricia LoRusso, DO, PhD, of Yale School of Medicine, said to the assembled audience at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting: “I see you are as excited about these data as I am,” after the applause ended following Dr. Modi’s presentation. “I want to thank our colleagues for helping to...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Breast04 Trial: T-DXd Significantly Improves Survival in Patients With HER2-Low Metastatic Breast Cancer

The antibody-drug conjugate fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) doubled progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with “HER2-low” metastatic breast cancer—ie, patients with low levels of HER2 expression. The agent also extended overall survival for patients with low ...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Guru P. Sonpavde, MD

Guru P. Sonpavde, MD, Director of the Bladder Cancer Program at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and a faculty member of Harvard Medical School, Boston, said these follow-up data from CheckMate 274 provide reassurance that the disease-free survival benefit is maintained with adjuvant nivolumab. “We...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 274: Adjuvant Immunotherapy Improves Disease-Free Survival in Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

Adjuvant nivolumab could become the standard of care for patients with metastatic bladder cancer, according to data presented at the American Urological Association (AUA) 2022 Annual Meeting.1 With longer follow-up, the results of the phase III CheckMate 274 trial showed that treatment with the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Oladimeji Akinboro, MD, MPH, on NSCLC: Outcomes of Anti–PD-(L)1 Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy in the First-Line Setting

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Oladimeji Akinboro, MD, MPH, of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), discuss a data analysis, which suggests that most subgroups of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer with a PD-L1 score of 50% or greater who are receiving FDA-approved chemotherapy/immunotherapy regimens may have overall survival outcomes comparable to or better than immunotherapy-alone regimens (Abstract 9000).

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Akihiro Ohba, MD, on Biliary Tract Cancer: New Findings on Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki

Akihiro Ohba, MD, of Japan’s National Cancer Center Hospital, discusses phase II data from the HERB trial on fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki, which showed activity in patients with HER2-expressing unresectable or recurrent biliary tract cancer (Abstract 4006).

Immunotherapy
Symptom Management
Multiple Myeloma

Postmarketing Ocular Toxicity in U.S. Adults Treated With Daratumumab

In an analysis reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Nguyen et al identified postmarketing cases of ocular toxicity in patients receiving daratumumab in the United States. Daratumumab is a CD38-directed monoclonal antibody that was initially approved in 2015 for the treatment of multiple...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, and Ian E. Krop, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: New Early Data on Patritumab Deruxtecan

Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ian E. Krop, MD, PhD, of Yale Cancer Center, discuss phase I/II findings on patritumab deruxtecan, a HER3-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in patients with HER3-expressing metastatic breast cancer. A pooled analysis showed antitumor activity in women with HR-positive/HER2-negative and HER2-positive advanced disease, as well as triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract 1002).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Erika Hamilton, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Safety Follow-up Data on T-DXd vs T-DM1

Erika Hamilton, MD, of Sarah Cannon Research Institute at Tennessee Oncology, discusses phase III data from the DESTINY-Breast03 study, which reinforced the consistent safety profile of fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in patients with HER2-positive unresectable and/or metastatic breast cancer. The findings also support T-DXd’s risk benefit over that of T-DM1 (Abstract 1000).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Association Between Smoking History and Overall Survival With First-Line Pembrolizumab in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Sanjay Popat, FRCP, PhD, and colleagues found that among patients initiating first-line pembrolizumab for EGFR and ALK wild-type advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), ever-smokers had significantly better overall survival vs...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Atezolizumab to FOLFOXIRI/Bevacizumab for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In an Italian phase II trial (AtezoTRIBE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Antoniotti et al found that the addition of atezolizumab to FOLFOXIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, irinotecan) and bevacizumab improved progression-free survival in the first-line treatment of patients with...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Longitudinal Liquid Biopsy for Circulating Tumor Cells in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bootsma et al found that higher circulating tumor cell (CTC) enumeration trajectory identified through longitudinal liquid biopsy was associated with poorer survival in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment for metastatic...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Shanu Modi, MD, on Breast Cancer: Is T-DXd a Potential New Standard of Care for HER2-Low Disease?

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Shanu Modi, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss the phase III findings from the DESTINY-Breast04 trial, which compared fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs treatment of physician’s choice (TPC) in patients with HER2-low unresectable and/or metastatic breast cancer. T-DXd is the first HER2-targeted therapy to demonstrate clinically meaningful improvement in progression-free and overall survival compared with TPC in this patient population, regardless of hormone receptor or immunohistochemistry status or prior use of CDK4/6 inhibitors (Abstract LBA3).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Karen L. Reckamp, MD, on NSCLC: Overall Survival Results With Ramucirumab Plus Pembrolizumab vs Standard of Care

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Karen L. Reckamp, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discuss phase II findings from substudy S1800A of the Lung-MAP protocol. The data showed that ramucirumab and pembrolizumab improved overall survival compared with the standard of care for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer who were previously treated with immunotherapy and platinum-based chemotherapy (Abstract 9004).  

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Allogeneic CAR T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed or Refractory T-Cell Lymphoma

Patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell lymphoma have limited treatment options. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been challenging in these patients because of the state of their T cells. CTX130 is an allogeneic CAR T-cell therapy targeting CD70 on cancerous T cells, offering...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Ponatinib Plus Blinatumomab for Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

The tyrosine kinase inhibitor ponatinib and monoclonal antibody blinatumomab—which targets CD19 on leukemia cells—are highly effective as monotherapies for patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The combination of the two therapies may provide an...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

MajesTEC-1: Bispecific Antibody Teclistamab for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase I/II MajesTEC-1 trial presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 8007) and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Philippe Moreau, MD, and colleagues found that the bispecific antibody teclistamab produced responses in nearly two-thirds of patients...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

T-DXd Shows Efficacy Against Active Brain Metastases in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In the single-center phase II TUXEDO-1 trial of patients with advanced HER2-positive breast cancer, fam-trastuzumab-deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) showed efficacy in patients with active brain metastases, yielding intracranial responses in 73.3% of the population and a median progression-free survival of...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Use of T-DXd in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On May 4, 2022, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) was granted regular approval for patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer who have received a prior anti-HER2–based regimen in the metastatic setting or in the neoadjuvant or adjuvant setting and have developed...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Cemiplimab-rwlc Improves Overall Survival vs Chemotherapy in Recurrent Cervical Cancer After First-Line Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Krishnansu S. Tewari, MD, of the Division of Gynecologic Oncology, University of California, Irvine, and colleagues, the phase III ­EMPOWER-Cervical1/GOG-3016/ENGOT-cx9 trial has shown improved overall survival with cemiplimab-rwlc vs...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

BEGONIA Trial Reports Activity With Datopotamab Deruxtecan Plus Durvalumab in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Preliminary results of the basket BEGONIA trial showed that the antibody-drug conjugate datopotamab deruxtecan (Dato-DXd), paired with the immune checkpoint inhibitor durvalumab, has strong activity in advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer among patients not biomarker-selected for...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Breast03: Should Trastuzumab Deruxtecan Be the Preferred Second-Line Regimen in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer?

Since the introduction of trastuzumab in the late 1990s, overall survival for patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer has substantially improved. Median overall survival in the pivotal first-line trial was only 20.3 months in the chemotherapy arm, and 25.1 months in the...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

T-DXd Improves Progression-Free Survival vs T-DM1 in Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Javier Cortés, MD, PhD, of the International Breast Cancer Center, Barcelona, and colleagues, the phase III DESTINY-Breast03 trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma: 2-Year Follow-up of CARTITUDE-1 Trial

In an analysis presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 8028) and simultaneously reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Thomas Martin, MD, and colleagues provided data from the 2-year follow-up of the pivotal CARTITUDE-1 trial of the anti–B-cell maturation agent (BCMA) chimeric...

Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Incidence of Major Adverse Cardiac Events in Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In a study presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 2508) and simultaneously reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Naqash et al identified the incidence of major adverse cardiac events among patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitors for cancer as captured in the serious...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Brexucabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Mantle Cell Lymphoma: 3-Year Follow-up of ZUMA-2 Trial

In an analysis presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 7518) and simultaneously reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Michael Wang, MD, and colleagues provided data from the 3-year follow-up of the pivotal ZUMA-2 trial of the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Nabil F. Saba, MD, on Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Phase II Findings on Pembrolizumab and Cabozantinib

Nabil F. Saba, MD, of Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University, discusses new data from a trial of pembrolizumab and cabozantinib in patients with recurrent metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The study met its primary endpoint of overall response rate. The regimen was well tolerated and exhibited encouraging clinical activity in this patient population (Abstract 6008).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: New Data on Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib vs Sunitinib as First-Line Therapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Barts Health NHS Trust, Queen Mary University of London, discuss phase III findings from the KEYNOTE-426 trial, which appear to support the long-term benefit of pembrolizumab plus axitinib for first-line treatment of patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 4513).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Long-Term Outcomes With Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv vs Chemotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Barts Health NHS Trust, Queen Mary University of London, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss the 24-month findings from the phase III EV-301 trial, which suggest that enfortumab vedotin-ejfv continues to show a significant and consistent survival advantage over standard chemotherapy in patients with previously treated advanced urothelial carcinoma (Abstract 4516).

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, and Ignace Vergote, MD, PhD, on Cervical Cancer: Interim Results on Tisotumab Vedotin-tftv Plus Pembrolizumab

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ignace Vergote, MD, PhD, of Belgium’s University Hospitals Leuven, discuss interim safety and efficacy results from a third dose-expansion cohort evaluating first-line tisotumab vedotin-tftv plus pembrolizumab in patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Data on the combination showed durable antitumor activity with a manageable safety profile (Abstract 5507).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Ramucirumab/Pembrolizumab vs Standard of Care in Patients With Advanced NSCLC Previously Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

In the phase II Lung-MAP substudy S1800A presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 9004) and simultaneously reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Karen L. Reckamp, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of ramucirumab and pembrolizumab improved overall survival vs...

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combination in Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

A novel combination of two experimental cancer immunotherapy agents along with an immune checkpoint blocker elicited robust immune responses in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma brain tumors, according to a presentation of interim, 2-year follow-up clinical trial data given by David...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Three-Arm First-Line Chemoimmunotherapy Study in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

Combinations of chemotherapy and immunotherapy showed activity in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer, according to findings from a national, randomized clinical trial led and sponsored by the Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy. The results of the small trial were presented by Padrón...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Distant Metastasis–Free Survival With Adjuvant Pembrolizumab

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, of the Melanoma Institute Australia, The University of Sydney, discusses phase III findings from the KEYNOTE-716 study. The trial showed that compared with placebo, adjuvant pembrolizumab significantly improved distant metastasis–free survival in patients with resected stage IIB and IIC melanoma. The findings also suggest a continued reduction in the risk of recurrence and a favorable benefit-risk profile (Abstract LBA9500).

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Stephen M. Ansell, PhD, MD, on Hodgkin Lymphoma: An Updated Analysis on First-Line Brentuximab Vedotin Plus Chemotherapy

Stephen M. Ansell, PhD, MD, of Mayo Clinic, discusses updated data from the ECHELON-1 trial, which showed that, when administered to patients with stage III or IV classical Hodgkin lymphoma, the combination of brentuximab vedotin, doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (A+AVD) vs doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine resulted in a 41% reduction in the risk of death. These outcomes, says Dr. Ansell, confirm A+AVD as a preferred option for previously untreated disease (Abstract 7503).

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy May Improve Survival for Patients With Soft-Tissue Sarcoma

In a phase II clinical trial, immune checkpoint blockade before surgery was associated with favorable responses and outcomes in undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS) and recurrent dedifferentiated liposarcoma (DDLPS), Keung et al reported at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract LBA11501)....

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

'Unprecedented' 100% of First 14 Untreated Patients With Rectal Cancer Respond to PD-1 Blocker Dostarlimab-gxly

Rarely, if ever, has one abstract presented at the ASCO Annual Meeting warranted its own session—but that happened with a small but mighty study from Memorial Sloan Kettering. In a study of patients with locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) rectal cancer, 6 months of treatment with the ...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Nemvaleukin Alfa Alone and in Combination With Pembrolizumab for Advanced-Stage Solid Tumors

Initial results from the ARTISTRY-1 study to be presented by Vaishampayan et al at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting showed that an experimental drug called nemvaleukin alfa, when used alone or in combination with pembrolizumab, may be effective in treating several types of late-stage cancers in some...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nimotuzumab May Improve Overall Survival in Patients With KRAS Wild-Type Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

The addition of nimotuzumab, an EGFR-targeting monoclonal antibody, to gemcitabine increased overall survival in patients with KRAS wild-type advanced pancreatic cancer, particularly those who did not need surgery for obstruction of a pancreatic bile duct, according to data from the phase III...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Adebrelimab to Carboplatin/Etoposide in First-Line Treatment of Extensive-Stage SCLC

In a Chinese phase III trial (CAPSTONE-1) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Jie Wang, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the addition of adebrelimab, a novel anti–PD-L1 antibody, to carboplatin and etoposide significantly improved overall survival as a first-line treatment for patients with...

Hematologic Malignancies
Immunotherapy

A Leader in Oncology Balances Philosophy, Medicine, and Humility

"The reality is that closure is a myth. My personal and professional experience with those who have lost friends and family, including children, has taught me that going on with life is not the same as gaining closure. The wound of loss is a part of each person’s life forever,” wrote...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Two Nivolumab-Based Regimens as First-Line Treatments for Unresectable Advanced or Metastatic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On May 27, 2022, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the following for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: Nivolumab (Opdivo) in combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy Nivolumab in...

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