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Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy for Pretreated Patients With HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

On February 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sacituzumab govitecan-hziy (Trodelvy) for patients with unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic, hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative (immunohistochemistry [IHC] 0, IHC 1+, or IHC 2+ with a negative in situ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Uptake of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors and Survival Among Younger and Older Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In a U.S. cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Voruganti et al found that the uptake of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been associated with “modest” improvements in overall survival, particularly among older patients. As...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Combined With Targeted Therapy in Patients With BRAF V600E–Mutated Colorectal Cancer

In one of the first clinical trials combining immunotherapy and targeted therapy for patients with BRAF V600E–mutated colorectal cancer, researchers discovered that a combination regimen of dabrafenib, trametinib, and spartalizumab resulted in long-lasting responses. The study findings published by ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab as Adjuvant Treatment for NSCLC

On January 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for adjuvant treatment following resection and platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with stage IB (T2a, ≥ 4 cm), II, or IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). KEYNOTE-091 Efficacy was evaluated in...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, on Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Recent Data on Treatment With Tremelimumab and Durvalumab

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, of Italy’s Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, discusses phase II results from the INFINITY trial of tremelimumab and durvalumab as neoadjuvant treatment of patients with microsatellite instability–high (MSI) resectable gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (GAC/GEJAC). These results open the way to investigate nonoperative management in patients with clinical, pathologic, and molecular complete response after T300/D (300 mg of tremelimumab and 1,500 mg every 4 weeks of durvalumab) (Abstract 358).

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Analysis of Mutations Associated With High Tumor Mutation Burden in Microsatellite-Stable Gastrointestinal Cancers

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wang et al identified mutations linked to high tumor mutation burden in microsatellite-stable (MSS) gastrointestinal cancers that may be associated with efficacy of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy. Study Details Molecular alterations in 48,606...

Immunotherapy

Cardiovascular Events Before and After Initiation of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy for Cancer

In a study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Lavanya Kondapalli, MD, of the University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, and colleagues found that cardiovascular events common in the general population were observed both prior to and after the initiation of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy ...

Immunotherapy

Risks of Cardiovascular and Immune-Related Adverse Events in Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

In a single academic hospital network retrospective case-control study reported in JACC:CardioOncology, Charlotte Lee, MD, of Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, along with senior author Tomas Neilan, MD, MPH, of Massachusetts General Hospital and colleagues found that patients...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Study Explores the Addition of First-Line Atezolizumab in BRAF V600–Mutant Advanced Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Fondazione Pascale, Naples, and colleagues, the second interim overall survival analysis of the phase III IMspire150 trial has shown a numeric but...

gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Manik A. Amin, MD, on Novel Immune Therapies in GI Cancers: What’s on the Horizon?

Manik A. Amin, MD, of Dartmouth Cancer Center, discusses the future of immunotherapy in gastrointestinal cancers, the challenges of creating effective adoptive cell therapies, and the next generation of immune checkpoint inhibitors.

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Richard S. Finn, MD, on HCC: Tislelizumab vs Sorafenib, and Their Impact on Quality of Life

Richard S. Finn, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses findings from the RATIONALE-301 study, which showed that patients with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with first-line tislelizumab had better health-related quality-of-life outcomes compared with those treated with sorafenib, particularly in terms of fatigue and physical functioning. These results, along with the effects on overall survival, response rate, and a favorable safety profile, support the benefit of tislelizumab as a potential first-line treatment option in this patient population (Abstract 495).

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Real-World Use of Idecabtagene Vicleucel for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In a retrospective study of the real-world use of idecabtagene vicleucel reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hansen et al found that response rates and toxicity in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma were comparable to those in the pivotal phase II KarMMa trial; the...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Combination of Botensilimab and Balstilimab Shows Activity in Patients With Metastatic Microsatellite-Stable Colorectal Cancer

A combination of the next-generation immunotherapies botensilimab and balstilimab showed clinical activity in treating patients with refractory metastatic microsatellite-stable (MSS) colorectal cancer, according to new findings presented by El-Khoueiry et al at the 2023 ASCO Gastrointestinal...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Tremelimumab-actl in Combination With Durvalumab for Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On October 21, 2022, tremelimu-mab-actl was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in combination with durvalumab in the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on a comparison of overall survival in the...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Pembrolizumab in Localized MSI-H/dMMR Solid Tumors

In a single-center phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ludford et al found that neoadjuvant pembrolizumab produced a high pathologic complete response rate and radiographic objective response rate in patients with localized microsatellite instability–high/mismatch...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Blinatumomab Improves Survival in MRD-Negative, B-Cell ALL

The standard of care could be changing for adults with newly diagnosed BCR-ABL–negative B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who achieve measurable residual disease (MRD) negativity after induction chemotherapy. In the phase III E1910 trial by the ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group, an...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy in Patients With Localized dMMR Colorectal Cancer

Investigators discovered that PD-1 inhibition prior to surgery may be effective for patients with localized mismatch repair–deficient or microsatellite instability–high (dMMR/MSI-H) colorectal cancer, according to a study published by Xiao et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer ...

Solid Tumors
Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

Novel Therapy Afamitresgene Autoleucel Shows Early Potential for Antitumor Activity

The adoptive T-cell receptor therapy afamitresgene autoleucel—which targets the MAGE-A4 cancer antigen—achieved clinically significant results for patients with multiple solid tumor types in a phase I clinical trial, according to a novel study published by Hong et al in Nature Medicine. Initial...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab in Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC With High Tumor Mutation Burden

In a Spanish phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Mariano Provencio, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the combination of atezolizumab and bevacizumab was active in the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with high tumor mutation...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

New AI-Based Biomarker May Help Predict Immunotherapy Response for Patients With NSCLC

Researchers have discovered a new artificial intelligence (AI)-derived biomarker that uses routine imaging scans to help predict which patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) will respond to immunotherapy, according to a novel study published by Alilou et al in Science Advances. The...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-394: Pembrolizumab as Second-Line Therapy in Asian Patients With Advanced HCC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Qin et al, the phase III KEYNOTE-394 trial showed overall and progression-free survival benefits with pembrolizumab vs placebo in previously treated Asian patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Study Details The double-blind trial...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Updated Data From a Phase II Trial of Triplet Therapy in HPV-Positive Cancers

Expanded interim data from a phase II clinical trial investigating PDS0101-based triple combination therapy in advanced human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive cancers were recently announced. The triple combination of PDS0101—a novel T-cell HPV-specific immunotherapy—with the tumor-targeting IL-12...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Triple Immunotherapy Combination Studied Preclinically for Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have discovered a novel immunotherapy combination, targeting checkpoints in both T cells and myeloid suppressor cells, that successfully reprogrammed the tumor immune microenvironment and significantly improved antitumor responses in...

Immunotherapy

Preexisting Autoimmune Disease and Risk for Cardiovascular Events in Patients Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy for Cancer

In a single academic hospital network retrospective case-control study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Lee et al found that patients with vs without preexisting autoimmune disease who received immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for cancer had significantly increased risk of cardiovascular...

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Rimas V. Lukas, MD

Rimas V. Lukas, MD, a neuro-oncologist at Northwestern Medicine Lou and Jean Malnati Brain Tumor Institute, Chicago, praised the investigators’ willingness to explore relatively new areas of cancer research. “This is an interesting study by a strong group delving further into the nervous...

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

Study Finds Microbiome-Derived Vaccine Plus Nivolumab and Bevacizumab May Improve Outcomes in Recurrent Glioblastoma

A microbiome-derived therapeutic vaccine (EO2401) has demonstrated immune responses and anticancer activity in combination with nivolumab and bevacizumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma, one of the most difficult-to-treat cancers, according to data presented at the 2022 Society for...

Immunotherapy

From the Clinic to the Lab: Overcoming Resistance to Immune Checkpoint Therapy

As a result of breakthroughs in immune checkpoint inhibitors over the past decade, immunotherapy has joined surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy as one of the pillars of cancer treatment. However, nearly half of patients still do not benefit from immune checkpoint blockade. During the 2022...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ryan J. Sullivan, MD

Ryan J. Sullivan, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, and Associate Professor of Hematology/Oncology at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, told The ASCO Post that tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) cell therapy is likely to become a standard practice in the field....

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Finds Lifileucel Active in Advanced Melanoma After Disease Progression on Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Cell therapy with tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) may address an important unmet need for patients with difficult-to-treat melanoma after disease progression on immune checkpoint inhibitors, according to data presented during the 2022 Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) Annual ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Neelima Vidula, MD

Commenting on the DESTINY-Breast03 presentation at the 2022 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, Neelima Vidula, MD, a medical oncologist at Mass General Cancer Center, said: “The results highlight the important survival differences of T-DXd [fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki] compared to T-DM1...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

T-DXd Confirmed as Preferred Second-Line Therapy for Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The antibody-drug conjugate fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) proved to be superior to the antibody-drug conjugate ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1), significantly improving progression-free survival and overall survival, in women with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer as ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

In Stage IV NSCLC, Anti-TIGIT Antibody Boosts Immunotherapy Benefit

In the phase II ARC-7 study, when domvanalimab, a novel antibody that blocks T-cell immunoglobulin and ITIM domain (TIGIT), was added to immunotherapy for patients with stage IV non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the combination resulted in improved response rates and progression-free survival...

Immunotherapy

Cardiovascular Events Before and After Initiation of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy for Cancer: Agreement Between ICD-Coded and -Adjudicated Events

In a study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Kondapalli et al found that cardiovascular events common in the general population were observed both prior to and after initiation of immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for cancer; myocarditis was more common posttreatment, but infrequent. Agreement...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib With or Without Ipilimumab in Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Thomas Yau, MD, and colleagues, findings in a cohort of the phase I/II CheckMate 040 trial indicated the activity of nivolumab/cabozantinib with or without ipilimumab in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. Study Details In the...

Immunotherapy

2021 JADPRO Article of the Year Award Spotlights Management of Adverse Events in Immunotherapy

A team of advanced practice providers in the Department of Hematology/Oncology at Fox Chase Cancer Center have received the 2021 Article of the Year Award from the Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology (JADPRO). This award is given to one article each year that demonstrates an...

Immunotherapy
Genomics/Genetics

Risk of Adverse Side Effects From Cancer Immunotherapy May Be Higher in Patients With Certain Inherited Genetic Variations

Even as they’ve revolutionized cancer treatment, immune checkpoint inhibitors have been shown to produce a range of adverse immune-related side effects. Researchers have now identified inherited genetic variations that may place patients at high risk for complications when undergoing treatment with ...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs EXTREME Regimen in Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

The final results of the phase III CheckMate 651 trial showed no significant overall survival benefit with first-line nivolumab/ipilimumab vs the EXTREME regimen (cetuximab plus cisplatin or carboplatin plus fluorouracil for up to six cycles, followed by cetuximab maintenance) in recurrent or...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

TIL Therapy vs Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma

In a Dutch-Danish phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Rohaan et al found that tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) therapy prolonged progression-free survival vs ipilimumab in patients with advanced melanoma.  Study Details The open-label trial included 168 patients...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Blinatumomab Further Improves Survival Among Patients With B-Lineage ALL and a Good Prognosis

The bispecific T-cell engager molecule blinatumomab was found to improve overall survival for patients with no measurable residual disease (MRD) after initial treatment for B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), according to the phase III ECOG-ACRIN E1910 trial presented by Litzow et al at...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Pilot Study Investigates Axicabtagene Ciloleucel in Primary and Secondary CNS Lymphoma

The chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy axicabtagene ciloleucel was deemed safe and showed encouraging signs of efficacy in a small pilot trial involving patients with lymphoma of the brain and/or spinal cord, according to findings presented by Caron A. Jacobson, MD, MMSc, and colleagues ...

multiple myeloma
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Jiye Liu, PhD, on Multiple Myeloma: Genome-Wide CRISPR-Cas9 Screening Identifies KDM6A as a Modulator of Daratumumab Sensitivity

Jiye Liu, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings that demonstrate KDM6A regulates CD38 and CD48 expression in multiple myeloma. Dr. Liu’s team validated combination treatment with an FDA-approved EZH2 inhibitor plus daratumumab, which can overcome daratumumab resistance in preclinical multiple myeloma models, providing the rationale for combination clinical trials to improve patient outcome (Abstract 148).

multiple myeloma
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Francesco Maura, MD, on Genomic Determinants of Resistance in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Treated With Targeted Immunotherapy

Francesco Maura, MD, of the University of Miami, Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses his team’s findings in which they defined a comprehensive catalogue of genomic determinants of response to DKRd (carfilzomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. The researchers have identified a number of new genomic alterations that explain resistance to the agents currently used in combination regimens (Abstract 470).  

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Eileen M. Boyle, MD, PhD, on Multiple Myeloma: Sustained MRD Negativity in Newly Diagnosed Disease Treated with Immunotherapy Regimens

Eileen M. Boyle, MD, PhD, of the Perlmutter Cancer Center, NYU Langone Health, discusses Fc-mediated antibody effector function, inflammation resolution, and oligoclonality and their role in predicting sustained measurable residual disease negativity in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who were treated with immunotherapy regimens. For the first time, an analysis of T-cell receptors shows that oligoclonal profiles seen on treatment may influence the fitness of the immune response (Abstract 100).

Lymphoma
Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Report Outlines Advance in Retreatment With CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma or CLL

Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania’s Abramson Cancer Center presented preliminary results of an ongoing phase I clinical trial demonstrating successful retreatment with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy for patients whose cancers relapsed after previous CAR T-cell therapy. ...

hematologic malignancies
immunotherapy

Joseph Schroers-Martin, MD, on Posttransplant Lymphoproliferative Disorders: Tumor Microenvironment Determinants of Immunotherapy Response

Joseph Schroers-Martin, MD, of Stanford University, discusses immunogenomic features reflecting divergent biology in posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLD). These include evidence of mismatch repair defects in Epstein-Barr virus–positive PTLD, tumor microenvironment depletion, and MYC pathway enrichment in certain patients (Abstract 72).

leukemia
immunotherapy

Eunice S. Wang, MD, on AML: Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin Plus Standard Induction Chemotherapy Improves Outcomes

Eunice S. Wang, MD, of Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the outcomes of patients newly diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were treated with cytarabine plus daunorubicin plus gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO). These patients experienced higher rates of measurable residual disease–negative complete remission and complete remission with incomplete count recovery, compared to those treated with cytarabine plus idarubicin daunorubicin alone. Although adding GO was not associated with improved overall survival, longer follow-up is warranted to determine an absolute survival advantage of this regimen (Abstract 58).

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Efficacy of Sacituzumab Govitecan in TROPiCS-02 Trial Not Dependent on Trop-2 Expression

The latest analysis of the TROPiCS-02 breast cancer trial shows that sacituzumab govitecan-hziy is effective in patients with a wide range of Trop-2 expression levels. The findings were reported at the 2022 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium by Hope S. Rugo, MD, FASCO, Professor of Medicine and...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Talquetamab Generates High Response Rate in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In an early-phase trial, nearly three-quarters of patients who received talquetamab—a first-in-class, off-the-shelf, T-cell–redirecting bispecific antibody targeting both the GPRC5D and CD3 receptors—for relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma saw a significant reduction in cancer burden within a...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Tycel J. Phillips, MD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: New Findings on Glofitamab Monotherapy

Tycel J. Phillips, MD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses data that showed fixed-duration glofitamab monotherapy induced high and durable complete response rates in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) who received obinutuzumab pretreatment. This is one of the largest data sets and longest follow-ups reported with a CD20/CD3 bispecific monoclonal antibody for patients with relapsed or refractory MCL (Abstract 74).

Sarcoma
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Approval to Atezolizumab in Treatment of Alveolar Soft-Part Sarcoma

On December 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients aged 2 years and older with unresectable or metastatic alveolar soft-part sarcoma (ASPS). Study ML39345 Efficacy was evaluated in Study ML39345...

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