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Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-564: Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Extends Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma

Adjuvant pembrolizumab following surgery significantly improved disease-free survival compared with placebo among patients with high-risk clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), according to the international phase III KEYNOTE-564 study presented at the Plenary session during the 2021 ASCO Annual...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib Improves Progression-Free and Overall Survival vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Lank Center for Genitourinary Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and colleagues, the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial has shown that the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib improved progression-free survival and...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Front-Line Toripalimab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Patients With Advanced NSCLC Without Actionable Mutations

Adding the PD-1 inhibitor toripalimab to chemotherapy significantly improved survival compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR/ALK mutations, according to research presented by Wang et al during the March 2022 session of the ASCO...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Duo Delays Disease Progression in Previously Untreated Patients With Melanoma: RELATIVITY-047

A novel immunotherapeutic combination that targets PD-1 and the LAG-3 pathway may significantly delay disease progression as a first-line treatment of advanced or unresectable melanoma. Updated results of the global phase III RELATIVITY-047 trial validated the study’s initial findings and were...

Immunotherapy
Bladder Cancer

Adjuvant Nivolumab Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported inThe New England Journal of Medicine by Dean F. Bajorin, MD, of the Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III CheckMate 274 trial has shown improved disease-free survival with adjuvant nivolumab vs placebo...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Oncolytic Virus Plus Nivolumab Demonstrates Durable Response in Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer of the Head and Neck

Intratumor injection of the oncolytic virus RP1 in combination with the checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab has demonstrated durable antitumor activity in patients with nonmelanoma skin cancer of the head and neck, according to data presented at the 2022 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancers...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

David S. Hong, MD, on New Findings on Tisotumab Vedotin-tftv in Patients With Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

David S. Hong, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses results from a phase II cohort, which suggest favorable antitumor activity with tisotumab vedotin-tftv in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma that has progressed after treatment with a platinum-containing regimen. Additional research is warranted, says Dr. Hong, in the second-line setting as well as in treatment-naive patients in combinations with pembrolizumab and carboplatin.

kidney cancer
bladder cancer
prostate cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy
covid-19

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Advances in Genitourinary Cancer Treatment: Expert Perspective

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses some key research developments in kidney cancer, including data on nivolumab and ipilimumab with or without CBM588 in metastatic renal cell carcinoma; intestinal microbiome associated with the development of grade 3 or 4 adverse events in patients with metastatic disease who have been treated with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and probiotic support; the link between TERT promoter mutations and clinical outcome with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced urothelial cancer; mutations in the androgen receptor gene in patients with prostate cancer receiving novel androgen deprivation treatments; and findings on waning antibody titers in patients who have received COVID-19 vaccinations (Roundup of Abstracts 371, 561, 374, Posters 38 and 48).

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-564 Update Supports Benefit of Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma

An updated analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-564 trial continues to support the use of adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo in patients with renal cell carcinoma at high risk of recurrence, according to a presentation at the 2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium.1 At 30 months of follow-up,...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Time for a Radical Change in the Treatment of Endometrial Cancer: KEYNOTE-775 and Beyond

I had the privilege of sitting in a meeting on the treatment of endometrial cancer as a junior investigator in January 2015 where a representative from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration was present. The topic of the meeting was on how to design the next endometrial cancer trials. I remember...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab Improves Progression-Free and Overall Survival vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated Advanced Endometrial Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Vicky Makker, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III Study 309/KEYNOTE-775 trial has shown prolonged progression-free and overall survival with lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab vs physician’s choice of...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Matthew Genyeh Mei, MD

American Society of Hematology (ASH) session co-moderator Matthew Genyeh Mei, MD, Associate Professor, Hematologic Malignancies and Stem Cell Transplantation Institute of City of Hope in Southern California, said the studies of checkpoint inhibitors in newly diagnosed and previously treated Hodgkin ...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Combinations Advance the Power of Pembrolizumab in Hodgkin Lymphoma

Pembrolizumab monotherapy is an established treatment strategy for relapsed or refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma. In combination with chemotherapy, the checkpoint inhibitor is also showing value in the front-line setting and further boosting outcomes in the relapsed setting, according to...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Stefano Cascinu, MD

Stefano Cascinu, MD, of the Comprehensive Cancer Center, Università Vita-Salute, IRCCS-Ospedale San Raffaele, Milan, Italy, was the invited discussant of KEYNOTE-5901 and CheckMate 649.2 “These landmark studies could change the treatment paradigm of advanced esophageal and gastric cancers. They...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Checkpoint Inhibitors in Esophagogastric Cancer: Updates of Landmark Trials

Updates of landmark trials of immune checkpoint inhibitors as first-line therapy for advanced HER2-negative esophagogastric cancers were presented at the 2022 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium. The studies upheld previous findings of an overall survival benefit when these agents are paired...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Christopher Willett, MD

Christopher Willett, MD, Professor and Chair of the Department of Radiation Oncology at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, shared his thoughts on the findings of the study by Lumish et al1 with The ASCO Post. He first noted the shift in recent years toward total neoadjuvant therapy in the...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Small Study Reports Neoadjuvant PD-1 Blockade Yields 100% Clinical Complete Response Rate in Locally Advanced Mismatch Repair–Deficient Rectal Cancer

In a small study of patients with locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) rectal cancer, treatment with the anti–PD-1 agent dostarlimab-gxly alone led to a clinical complete response rate of 100%. The findings of this study from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) were reported...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Samuel J. Klempner, MD

Samuel J. Klempner, MD, Associate Professor at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, commented on the NEONIPIGA study for The ASCO Post. “This study was the first prospective data set to show what many have suspected—that neoadjuvant immune checkpoint blockade would lead to a...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Checkpoint Inhibitor Doublet Yields Complete Responses in Gastroesophageal Cancers

In patients with resectable microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H)/mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) gastric and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma, dual checkpoint inhibition with ipilimumab and nivolumab given as neoadjuvant therapy led to a pathologic complete response rate of 58.6%,...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Benoit Rousseau, MD, PhD

Benoit Rousseau, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, called the findings of the phase II GERCOR NIPICOL trial “interesting and convincing.” Long-term follow-up showed the 3-year progression-free survival rate to be 70% after just 1 total year of treatment with nivolumab...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

NIPICOL Trial: Promising Outcomes With Shorter Duration of Checkpoint Inhibition in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The phase II GERCOR NIPICOL study evaluated 1 year of treatment with nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with chemotherapy-resistant metastatic colorectal cancer whose tumors were microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR). With this shortened treatment duration,...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Petros Grivas, MD, PhD, on Urothelial Cancer: New Data on Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy and Pembrolizumab

Petros Grivas, MD, PhD, of the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses results from Cohort 3 of the TROPHY-U-01 study, which assessed sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who experienced disease progression after platinum-based regimens (Abstract 434).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Follow-up Data on Pembrolizumab

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses a 30-month follow-up of results from the KEYNOTE-564 trial, which further support the use of adjuvant pembrolizumab when treating patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate-high or high risk of recurrence, or with an M1 NED (no evidence of disease) status after nephrectomy. The data show a disease-free survival benefit vs placebo (Abstract 290).

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Updated Findings on T-DXd in Gastrointestinal Malignancies

Updates of phase II studies evaluating fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) in gastrointestinal cancers were presented at the 2022 ASCO Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, continuing to offer support for the antibody-drug conjugate in these malignancies. In HER2-expressing gastric cancer, T-DXd...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: New Conclusions About Durvalumab Plus Olaparib

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II findings from the BAYOU trial, which studied durvalumab in combination with olaparib for first-line treatment of platinum-ineligible patients with unresectable, stage IV urothelial carcinoma. Because secondary analyses indicated a potential progression-free survival benefit with this combination, there may be a role for PARP inhibitors in the treatment of advanced disease with homologous recombination repair mutation (Abstract 437).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pathologic Response of Index Lymph Node and Concordance With Total Nodal Basin Pathologic Response in Stage III Melanoma

In a retrospective analysis reported in JAMA Surgery, Reijers et al found that pathologic response in largest lymph node metastasis (index lymph node [ILN]) was highly concordant with response in the total lymph node bed in patients with stage III melanoma receiving neoadjuvant...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Neoadjuvant Nivolumab and Platinum Doublet Chemotherapy for Early-Stage NSCLC

On March 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) in combination with platinum-doublet chemotherapy for adult patients with resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the neoadjuvant setting. This represents the first FDA approval for neoadjuvant therapy for...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On February 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ciltacabtagene autoleucel (Carvykti) for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after four or more prior lines of therapy, including a proteasome inhibitor, an immunomodulatory agent, and an anti-CD38 ...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel vs Standard of Care as Second-Line Treatment for Large B-cell Lymphoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Frederick L. Locke, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ZUMA-7 trial of patients with large B-cell lymphoma has shown improved event-free survival with second-line axicabtagene ciloleucel vs chemoimmunotherapy with high-dose chemotherapy and...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Interim Analysis of Overall Survival in ICARIA-MM: Addition of Isatuximab to Pomalidomide/Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Paul G. Richardson, MD, and colleagues, a prespecified interim overall survival analysis of the phase III ICARIA-MM trial showed that the addition of isatuximab to pomalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma produced...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Axel Bex, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: New Findings From the NeoAvAx Trial on Avelumab and Axitinib

Axel Bex, MD, PhD, of The Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses an efficacy, safety, and biomarker analysis of neoadjuvant avelumab and axitinib in patients with localized renal cell carcinoma who are at high risk of relapse after nephrectomy (Abstract 289).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Study EV-103 Cohort H Findings on Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, of Yale Cancer Center, discusses new data on the antitumor activity of neoadjuvant treatment with enfortumab vedotin-ejfv monotherapy in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are not eligible for cisplatin.

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Hielke-Martijn de Vries, MD, on Penile Cancer: New Data on Atezolizumab and Radiotherapy

Hielke-Martijn de Vries, MD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses phase II findings on the use of atezolizumab with or without radiotherapy for patients with advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. The study was designed to address the poor prognosis for this disease by exploring whether a protracted schedule of radiotherapy for locoregional disease, in combination with immunotherapy, could improve outcomes (Abstract 3).

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-522: Event-Free Survival With Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and colleagues, a preplanned interim analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-522 trial has shown improved event-free survival with the addition of pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy, followed by adjuvant pembrolizumab, in ...

Immunotherapy

FDA Approves FoundationOne CDx as a Companion Diagnostic for Pembrolizumab to Identify Patients With MSI-H Solid Tumors

On February 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved FoundationOne CDx to be used as a companion diagnostic to identify patients with microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) status solid tumors who may be appropriate candidates for treatment with pembrolizumab. FoundationOne CDx is...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Joseph Mikhael, MD

The ASCO Post asked Joseph Mikhael, MD, Chief Medical Officer of the International Myeloma Foundation and Professor in the Applied Cancer Research and Drug Discovery Division at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (an affiliate of City of Hope Cancer Center), to comment on the GMMG-HD7...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Isatuximab-Containing Induction Therapy for Multiple Myeloma Increases Measurable Residual Disease Negativity

For the first-line treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, the percentage of patients achieving measurable residual disease (MRD, previously called minimal residual disease) negativity was significantly greater when the anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody isatuximab was added to a standard...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Mosunetuzumab Meets Primary Endpoint of Phase II Trial in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

The bispecific antibody mosunetuzumab achieved deep and durable remissions as monotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma, according to the results of a pivotal phase II trial presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition.1 In ...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, and Alex Herrera, MD

Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor with the BC Cancer Centre for Lymphoid Cancer and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, and Alex Herrera, MD, Associate Professor in Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation at the Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope, Duarte,...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ZUMA-7: Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Quadruples Event-Free Survival in Large B-Cell Lymphoma

In the primary analysis of the phase III ZUMA-7 trial, examining second-line therapy for relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma, the CAR T-cell therapy axicabtagene ciloleucel led to a fourfold increase in event-free survival over the standard of care. These findings were presented at the...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH

The moderator of the session, Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor at the BC Cancer Centre for Lymphoid Cancer and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, called the results of the TRANSFORM trial “quite remarkable” and said chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has the...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

TRANSFORM: Lisocabtagene Maraleucel Improves Outcomes in Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with lisocabtagene maraleucel could prove to be the new standard-of-care treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma in the second-line setting, according to data presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH)...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Jane N. Winter, MD, and Christopher R. Flowers, MD, MS

Jane N. Winter, MD, Professor of Medicine at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine and 2022 President of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), and Christopher R. Flowers, MD, MS, Chair of the Department of Lymphoma/Myeloma at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center,...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

POLARIX: Addition of Polatuzumab Vedotin-piiq to Standard of Care Significantly Reduces Progression of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As a first-line treatment of inter­mediate- or high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the addition of the antibody-drug conjugate polatuzumab vedotin-piiq to standard-of-care therapy resulted in a 27% reduction in the relative risk of disease progression, relapse, or death, with a similar safety...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, FACP

Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, FACP, Associate Professor in the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, commented on the promising emergence of bispecific T-cell engaging (bispecific) antibodies, as represented by studies presented at the 2021...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Bispecific Antibodies With Multiple Targets Moving Forward in Multiple Myeloma

Poor outcomes are observed in patients with myeloma who are refractory to multiple classes of therapies, with the average patient experiencing disease progression in up to 6 months and living no longer than 6 to 15 months. Patients often rapidly cycle through regimens that use less effective or...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Researchers Identify Biomarkers That May Help to Predict Response to Immunotherapy for Melanoma

Melanoma is often curable when detected and treated in its early stages. However, the disease can rapidly spread to other organs in the body and become deadly. Immune checkpoint inhibitors have transformed the treatment of certain cancers, including melanoma, and improved patient care. But despite...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Matthew R. Zibelman, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: New Results on Combination of Nivolumab and Axitinib

Matthew R. Zibelman, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses phase I/II results from a study of treatment-naive patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who received a combination of the immunotherapy (IO) nivolumab and the tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) axitinib. The findings suggest that the efficacy of this regimen is comparable to that of currently available IO/TKI combinations for this population and has a similar safety profile (Abstract 291).

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv in Cisplatin-Ineligible Patients With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

The antibody-drug conjugate enfortumab vedotin-ejfv is effective in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are not eligible for cisplatin chemotherapy, according to data from cohort H of the phase IB/II EV-103 clinical trial being presented at the 2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium ...

Supportive Care
Symptom Management
Immunotherapy

Differences in Risk of Severe Adverse Events in Women vs Men Receiving Immunotherapy, Targeted Therapy, or Chemotherapy in Cancer Clinical Trials

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Joseph M. Unger, PhD, and colleagues found that women in clinical trials of chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or targeted therapy had a significantly greater risk for severe adverse events overall—and, particularly, with immunotherapy. As stated...

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