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Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Gemogenovatucel-T Maintenance in Stage III/IV Ovarian Cancer

In the phase IIb VITAL trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Rocconi et al found that front-line maintenance with the autologous tumor cell vaccine gemogenovatucel-T did not improve recurrence-free survival vs placebo in patients with stage III/IV ovarian cancer in clinical complete response after ...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Naxitamab for High-Risk Neuroblastoma in Bone or Bone Marrow

On November 25, 2020, naxita­mab-gqgk (Danyelza) was granted accelerated approval for use in combination with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for pediatric patients 1 year of age and older and adult patients with relapsed or refractory high-risk neuroblastoma in the bone...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Initial Therapy for Asymptomatic Follicular Lymphoma: Start With Watch and Wait or Rituximab

For patients with indolent follicular lymphoma, generally take a conservative approach to treatment unless the patient is symptomatic, advised John P. Leonard, MD, Executive Vice-Chair of Weill Department of Medicine at Weill-Cornell Medicine/NewYork-Presbyterian, New York.1 “Prognostic scores are...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Approves Rituximab-arrx, a Biosimilar to Rituximab

On December 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved rituximab-arrx (Riabni), a biosimilar to rituximab (Rituxan), for the treatment of adult patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis), and...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy

Joyce V. Lee, PhD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: MYC as a Predictor of Treatment Response

Joyce V. Lee, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses data that suggest the MYC oncogene may indicate whether a patient with triple-negative breast cancer will respond to immunotherapy. Dr. Lee’s study is the first to describe MYC downregulation of MHC-I and to demonstrate translatable approaches that may overcome immune evasion (Abstract GS1-08).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2020: First-Line Anti–PD-1 Therapy vs BRAF/MEK Inhibition for Advanced BRAF V600–Mutated Melanoma

Findings from a propensity-matched survival analysis presented by van Breeschoten et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Immuno-Oncology Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 37P) suggest that patients with advanced melanoma and a BRAF V600 mutation derive an enhanced survival benefit...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2020: Sintilimab vs Docetaxel for Advanced Squamous NSCLC

Sintilimab provided superior clinical benefit compared to docetaxel in patients with previously treated, advanced and/or metastatic squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to phase III study findings presented by Shi et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in Combination With a Therapeutic DNA Vaccine for HPV-Positive Advanced Cervical Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Youn et al, interim results of a Korean phase II trial indicated activity with the combination of pembrolizumab plus the therapeutic DNA vaccine GX-188E in patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-16– or HPV-18–positive advanced cervical cancer. GX-188E...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Updated Results of CASPIAN Trial: Addition of Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab to Chemotherapy in Extensive-Stage SCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Goldman et al, updated results from the phase III CASPIAN trial showed maintained improvement in overall survival with first-line durvalumab plus platinum/etoposide vs platinum/etoposide in patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). However,...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Margetuximab-cmkb Plus Chemotherapy for Previously Treated Patients With Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On December 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved margetuximab-cmkb (Margenza) in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer who have received two or more prior anti-HER2 regimens, at least one of which was for...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Nitin Jain, MD, on B-Cell ALL: Expert Perspective on Key CAR T-Cell Treatment Advances

Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, reviews six important abstracts on CAR T-cell treatments for B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): successful 24-hour manufacture of CAR T-cell therapy; ALLCAR19, a novel fast-off rate therapy; donor-derived CD19-targeted treatment; CAR 2.0 therapy to manage post-transplant relapse; UCART22, allogeneic engineered T cells expressing anti-CD22 chimeric antigen receptor; and inotuzumab ozogamicin in pediatric CD-22–positive disease (Session 614, Abstracts 159-164).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Sacituzumab Govitecan and Chemotherapy

Sara A. Hurvitz, MD, of the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, discusses phase III data from the ASCENT study of the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan vs chemotherapy in patients with previously treated metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract GS3-06).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2020: Tebentafusp Shows Activity in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

Tebentafusp is a novel bispecific molecule consisting of an affinity-enhanced T-cell receptor fused to an anti-CD3 effector that can redirect T cells to target gp100-positive cells. The agent showed clinical benefit, including target lesion reduction, in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma,...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2020: Adjuvant Atezoliumab for Patients With Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Cancer and Presence of Postsurgical ctDNA

Patients with muscle-invasive urothelial cancer and postsurgical circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) positivity have high risk of disease recurrence following cystectomy and experienced improved clinical outcomes with adjuvant atezolizumab as compared to patients undergoing observation. These...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2020: Does Pleural Effusion Affect Survival in Patients Treated With Immunotherapy for NSCLC?

Patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have pleural effusion, especially those requiring pleural evacuation, experienced poorer survival when treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors, according to findings presented by Epaillard et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy in First-Line Treatment of Microsatellite Instability–High Advanced Colorectal Cancer: KEYNOTE-177 Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, the second interim analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-177 trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with pembrolizumab vs fluorouracil (5-FU)-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment of patients with advanced...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

SABCS 2020: Patient-Reported Outcomes From the Phase III IMpassion031 Trial

Adding an immune checkpoint inhibitor to a standard chemotherapy regimen for patients with early-stage triple-negative breast cancer did not affect patients’ ability to perform day-to-day activities more than treatment with chemotherapy alone, according to research presented by Elizabeth...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Phase II ZUMA-12 Study Investigates First-Line Axicabtagene Ciloleucel for High-Risk Large B-Cell Lymphoma

The phase II ZUMA-12 trial found that axicabtagene ciloleucel, an autologous anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, is a safe and effective first-line therapy for patients with high-risk large B-cell lymphoma. These results were presented by Sattva S. Neelapu, MD, and colleagues...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Expert Perspective on Key Clinical Trials

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, offers his expert views on five treatment studies in mantle cell lymphoma focusing on the next-generation BTK inhibitor LOXO-305; lisocabtagene maraleucel; minimal residual disease monitoring following autologous stem cell transplantation with or without rituximab maintenance; the antibody-drug conjugate VLS-101; and venetoclax, lenalidomide, and rituximab (Abstracts 117, 118, 120, 121, 122).

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, on Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Immunochemotherapy Plus Lenalidomide

Andrew D. Zelenetz, MD, PhD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II results from a single-center study that explored a novel approach for high-risk patients with mantle cell lymphoma. Among patients with TP53 wild-type disease, the data suggested this treatment was effective (Abstract 119).

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Daratumumab, Pomalidomide, and Dexamethasone

Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, of the University of Athens, discusses data from the phase III APOLLO study, which evaluated the use of subcutaneous daratumumab plus pomalidomide and dexamethasone, vs pomalidomide and dexamethasone alone, in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (Abstract 412).

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Meta-analysis of Outcomes With Systemic Therapy in First- and Second-Line Treatments of Advanced HCC

In a systematic review and network meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Mohamad Bassam Sonbol, MD, of Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, Phoenix, and colleagues, found that atezolizumab plus bevacizumab outperformed other regimens in the first-line treatment of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Improved Outcomes With Neoadjuvant Paclitaxel Plus Trastuzumab/Lapatinib vs Paclitaxel/Trastuzumab in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

In a 7-year follow-up of the phase III CALGB 40601/Alliance trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, ­Aranzazu Fernandez-Martinez, MD, of Lineberger Comprehensive Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, and colleagues found that neoadjuvant paclitaxel combined with a dual...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO Releases Guideline on Systemic Therapy for Advanced Hepatocellular Carcinoma

ASCO has released a new evidence-based clinical practice guideline to assist in clinical decision-making for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.1 “Advanced hepatocellular carcinoma has transitioned from a disease where we had a single approved therapy for patients to one where we now...

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors
Sarcoma

Progress Report on Checkpoint Inhibitors in Rare Tumors

Immune checkpoint inhibitors may prove to be effective in treating patients with two rare cancer types—leptomeningeal metastases and angiosarcoma, according to early-phase clinical trials reported at the 2020 Annual Meeting of the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC), which was held virtually ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: An Evolving Story

Immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors, established as a treatment of many solid tumors, may be finding a role in the treatment of breast cancer. The current state of the art regarding immunotherapy for triple-negative breast cancer was the focus of a talk by Heather L. McArthur, MD, MPH, Medical ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Joel W. Neal, MD, PhD

Invited discussant of the abstract, Joel W. Neal, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine at Stanford University, called this real-world analysis novel,1 given the decreasing number of patients treated with single-agent immunotherapy. “I think we’re unlikely to have a larger prospective study [in...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lung Cancer Progression-Free Survival With Immunotherapy Varies Significantly by Tumor-Mutation Subtype, Real-World Data Show

A real-world study of single-agent immune checkpoint inhibitors in driver-mutated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has demonstrated significant variation in progression-free survival between mutation subtypes, according to data presented during the International Association for the Study of Lung...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Caron A. Jacobson, MD, on Treating Large B-Cell Lymphoma With Axicabtagene Ciloleucel

Caron A. Jacobson, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results from the ZUMA-9 C2 study, an ongoing trial that is exploring axicabtagene ciloleucel in patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma (Abstract 2100).

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Chemotherapy Plus Blinatumomab for Philadelphia Chromosome–Negative B-Cell ALL

Results from a phase II study presented by Nicholas J. Short, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition (Abstract 464) showed that first-line treatment with a regimen of chemotherapy combined with the monoclonal antibody blinatumomab...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Sagar Lonial, MD, on CAR T-Cell Therapies for Myeloma: Novel Approaches and Longer-Term Follow-up Data

Sagar Lonial, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, summarizes key papers presented in a session he co-moderated on how second-generation CAR T cells can be used to treat patients with multiple myeloma (Session 653).

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ZUMA-5 Trial Finds Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Shows Activity in Patients With Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

In the phase II ZUMA-5 trial, axicabtagene ciloleucel led to responses in 92% of patients with indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with the cellular immunotherapy. These findings were reported by Caron Jacobson, MD, MMSc, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Subcutaneous Teclistamab for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma Studied in Phase I Trial

A subcutaneous injection of the BCMAxCD3 bispecific antibody teclistamab was found to be safe and elicited responses in a majority of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, according to findings from a multi-institutional phase I study presented by Alfred L. Garfall, MD, and...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Early Research Shows CD58 May Be a Biomarker for Response to Axicabtagene Ciloleucel in Patients With Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Although the immunotherapy axicabtagene ciloleucel has significantly improved treatment outcomes for some patients with large B-cell lymphoma, not all patients benefit.  In a new study presented by Robbie G. Majzner, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting ...

COVID-19
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: SARS-Cov-2 Multivirus-Specific T Cells for the Treatment of Hospitalized Patients With COVID-19

Researchers have successfully built banks of SARS-CoV-2–specific T cells obtained from people who recovered from the virus that are now poised to be used as an experimental treatment in patients hospitalized with COVID-19. This T cell–based therapy may represent a step forward in the search for...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: APOLLO Findings Support Use of Subcutaneous Daratumumab Plus Pomalidomide/Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

For patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma whose disease progressed after at least one prior regimen, the subcutaneous form of daratumumab, given with pomalidomide and dexamethasone, significantly improved progression-free survival vs pomalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone alone....

Issues in Oncology
COVID-19
Hematologic Malignancies
Immunotherapy

Study Explores Duration of Shedding of Viable SARS-CoV-2 in Patients With Cancer After Immunosuppressive Therapy

In a single-institution study reported in a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Aydillo et al found that SARS-CoV-2 RNA could be detected in patients with COVID-19 receiving immunosuppressive treatment for cancer for as long as 78 days after the onset of virus symptoms. The ...

Lymphoma
Leukemia
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Symptom Management
Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Agents in DLBCL, SCLC, AML, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued regulatory decisions for agents to treat diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), biliary tract cancer, and graft-vs-host disease. Priority Review for Loncastuximab Tesirine...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Subgroup Analysis of Japanese Patients With Ovarian Cancer Treated With Maintenance Olaparib/Bevacizumab

Findings from a subgroup analysis of the phase III PAOLA-1/ENGOT-ov25 study presented by Fujiwara et al at the ESMO Asia Virtual Congress 2020 showed that the addition of olaparib to bevacizumab maintenance following standard platinum-based therapy plus bevacizumab provided a progression-free...

Immunotherapy

Managing Checkpoint Inhibitor–Mediated Colitis: Vedolizumab vs Infliximab

For patients who develop severe diarrhea or colitis while receiving checkpoint inhibitors, the immunosuppressive agent vedolizumab is preferred over infliximab, according to an expert on the topic from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center. A retrospective comparison of outcomes with...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase II Study of Combination Immunotherapy for Advanced Nasopharyngeal Cancer

Dual CTLA-4/PD-1 blockade with ipilimumab plus nivolumab provided durable responses in patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma, according to updated efficacy and safety findings from a phase II study presented by Kao et al at ESMO Asia Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 266O)....

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

Does Concurrent Treatment With Dexamethasone Diminish the Efficacy of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Patients With Glioblastoma?

Among patients with glioblastoma receiving an immune checkpoint inhibitor, those who received the corticosteroid dexamethasone at baseline for cerebral edema had significantly worse overall survival, according to results of a study published by Iorgulescu et al in Clinical Cancer Research....

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Avelumab Maintenance vs Continued Chemotherapy After First-Line Induction for Advanced Gastric Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Markus Moehler, MD, and colleagues, the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 trial showed no improvement in overall survival with avelumab maintenance vs continued chemotherapy after first-line induction in HER2-negative, unresectable, locally advanced or ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Machine Learning Algorithms May Help Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Patients With Advanced Melanoma

A study investigating a computational method that integrates deep learning on histology specimens with clinicodemographic variables has found that the artificial intelligence may help predict response to immune checkpoint blockade among patients with advanced melanoma. This computational approach...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Naxitamab for High-Risk Neuroblastoma in Bone or Bone Marrow

On November 25, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to naxitamab (Danyelza) in combination with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for pediatric patients aged 1 year and older and adult patients with relapsed or refractory high-risk...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Dasatinib/Blinatumomab Produces High Rates of Molecular Response and Survival in Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

In an Italian phase II trial (GIMEMA LAL2116) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Robin Foà, MD, of Sapienza University of Rome, and colleagues, found that first-line induction and consolidation treatment with dasatinib and blinatumomab produced a high rates of molecular response as...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH

“Both KarMMa and CARTITUDE-1 trials presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program showed exceptional results, not only in obtaining higher responses in the majority of patients but also in attaining high-quality responses,” said Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, Associate Professor, Department of...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Support Builds for Anti-BCMA CAR T-Cell Therapy in Multiple Myeloma

Based on early results in clinical trials, interest in the use of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in multiple myeloma has been high, especially for products targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA). During the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, further support for CAR T-cell...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in Adult and Pediatric Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On October 14, 2020, the approval of pembrolizumab was...

Immunotherapy

Can Antihypertensives Improve Outcomes With Immunotherapy?

Angiotensin receptor blockers, commonly used to treat hypertension, may improve outcomes in patients treated with anti–PD-1/L1 agents, according to an observational study of almost 600 patients reported at the virtual 32nd EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics.1 The...

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