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Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab for Advanced Melanoma Progressing on PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor Therapy

In the phase II LEAP-004 trial reported in Journal of Clinical Oncology, Arance et al found that the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab was active in patients with advanced melanoma with confirmed progression on PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors as monotherapy or in combination with other agents. As...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Patients With Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Benefited From Presurgical Immunotherapy, Regardless of Race

Black women are twice as likely to be diagnosed with triple-negative breast cancer compared with White women, 28% more likely to die from the disease than White women, and are less likely to be treated with surgery and chemotherapy, according to a study published in 2021. Despite these statistics,...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-355: Overall Survival With the Addition of Pembrolizumab to Chemotherapy in Advanced Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Javier Cortés, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYNOTE-355 trial has shown improved overall survival with the addition of pembrolizumab to chemotherapy in previously untreated patients with advanced triple-negative breast cancer with a...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Rami Manochakian, MD, on NSCLC: Clinical Implications of Findings on Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy

Rami Manochakian, MD, of Mayo Clinic Florida, discusses the phase II findings of the NADIM II trial, which confirmed that, in terms of pathologic complete response as well as the feasibility of surgery, combining nivolumab and chemotherapy was superior to chemotherapy alone as a neoadjuvant treatment for locally advanced, resectable stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 8501).

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Noncytotoxic Maintenance With Niraparib Plus Either Nivolumab or Ipilimumab in Platinum-Sensitive Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

In a single-institution phase Ib/II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kim A. Reiss, MD, and colleagues found that maintenance treatment with niraparib/ipilimumab produced better 6-month progression-free survival rates than niraparib/nivolumab in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer without ...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Second-Line Lisocabtagene Maraleucel in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma Not Intended for HSCT

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Sehgal et al, the phase II PILOT trial showed that the autologous, CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product lisocabtagene maraleucel produced a high response rate in the second-line treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory large...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Addition of Brentuximab Vedotin to Chemotherapy in Patients With Stage III or IV Hodgkin Lymphoma: Overall Survival Analysis From ECHELON-1

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Stephen M. Ansell, MD, PhD, and colleagues, an analysis at 6 years of follow-up in the phase III ECHELON-1 trial has shown significantly improved overall survival with brentuximab vedotin plus doxorubicin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (A+AVD) vs ...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Tumor Grade and Response to Immune Checkpoint Inhibition in Recurrent or Metastatic Mucosal HNSCC

In a single-institution retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery, Alkhatib et al found a higher rate of response to immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment among patients with histologic high-grade vs low-grade recurrent or metastatic mucosal head and neck...

Immunotherapy

Immune-Related Toxic Effects and Treatment Outcomes in Patients With Cancer and Autoimmune Diseases Receiving Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

In a single-institution retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Han et al found that patients with autoimmune diseases had similar outcomes with immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI) therapy for solid tumors as those without autoimmune diseases, with occurrence vs no occurrence of...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Atezolizumab to Neoadjuvant Pertuzumab/Trastuzumab and Docetaxel in HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

In the Korean phase II Neo-PATH trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Ahn et al found that neoadjuvant treatment with atezolizumab, pertuzumab/trastuzumab, and docetaxel produced a pathologic complete response in 61% of patients with HER2-positive stage II/III breast cancer treated with the regimen....

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors for Solid Tumors in Kidney Transplant Recipients With Maintained Immunosuppression

In an Australian phase I study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Carroll et al found that maintaining baseline immunosuppression in kidney transplant recipients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment for advanced solid tumors did not appear to increase the risk of irretrievable allograft...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Michael Dickinson, MBBS, on DLBCL: Phase II Expansion Results on Glofitamab

Michael Dickinson, MBBS, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, the Royal Melbourne Hospital, and The University of Melbourne, discusses new data, which showed that fixed-duration glofitamab induces durable complete remissions with a favorable safety profile in patients with or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and two or more prior therapies, including exposure to CAR T cells (Abstract 7500).

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

EAU22: ctDNA May Help to Predict Response to Atezolizumab in Patients With Bladder Cancer

Researchers who treated a group of patients with bladder cancer with the immunotherapy atezolizumab after they had undergone surgery have found that patients whose blood contained circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) responded very well to the treatment. The study was presented at the European Association ...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Bispecific Antibody Mosunetuzumab in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

In a phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, L. Elizabeth Budde, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that mosunetuzumab—a CD20 × CD3 T-cell–engaging bispecific antibody that redirects T cells to eliminate malignant B cells—produced a high rate of complete response in patients with relapsed or...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

CAR T-Cell Therapy Gave Me Back a High-Quality Life

A radiologist by training, I knew the minute I saw the results from my chest x-ray that I had multiple myeloma. In 2015, I was semiretired and had just taken up the game of golf. After making a big swing at the ball, I instantly felt pain in my ribs and thought I had either pulled an intercostal...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Does Tumor Mutational Burden Influence Response to PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitors Among Patients With Advanced NSCLC?

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ricciuti et al found that patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher tumor mutational burden (TMB) had better outcomes with PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor treatment vs those with lower TMB across thresholds of PD-L1...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Atezolizumab to Neoadjuvant Anti-HER2 Therapy and Chemotherapy in HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: IMpassion050

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jens Huober, MD, and colleagues, the phase III IMpassion050 trial showed no significant improvement in pathologic complete response rate with the addition of atezolizumab to neoadjuvant pertuzumab/trastuzumab and chemotherapy in patients with...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Trastuzumab and Nivolumab Plus Either Ipilimumab or FOLFOX as First-Line Treatment for HER2-Positive Advanced Esophagogastric Adenocarcinoma

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Stein et al, the German phase II INTEGA trial showed improved survival with the addition of modified FOLFOX6 (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) vs the addition of ipilimumab to trastuzumab/nivolumab in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced or...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Lisocabtagene Maraleucel as Second-Line Treatment for Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma: TRANSFORM Trial

As reported in The Lancet by Manali Kamdar, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III TRANSFORM trial has shown significantly improved event-free survival with second-line lisocabtagene maraleucel vs standard-of-care salvage immunochemotherapy followed by autologous hematopoietic...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Chiara Cremolini, MD, PhD, Comments on Findings From the PARADIGM Trial

The invited discussant of PARADIGM, Chiara Cremolini, MD, PhD, Professor of Medical Oncology at the University of Pisa, Italy, said the findings prospectively confirm the superior benefit of FOLFOX (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin) paired with panitumumab rather than bevacizumab in RAS...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

In Metastatic RAS Wild-Type Left-Sided Colorectal Cancer, Panitumumab Proves Superior to Bevacizumab

The preferred targeted therapy for left-sided RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer, in combination with standard chemotherapy, is panitumumab, not bevacizumab, based on a head-to-head comparison in the phase III PARADIGM trial. Panitumumab plus chemotherapy yielded the longest overall...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy
COVID-19

Study Finds COVID-19 Vaccines Are Safe for Patients Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors for Lung Cancer

Patients with cancer have received priority status to receive COVID-19 vaccinations, but limited data are available regarding the safety and efficacy of the vaccines for patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors for lung cancer. Now, a new study published by Hibino et al in the Journal of...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Trastuzumab/Pertuzumab to Perioperative FLOT Chemotherapy in HER2-Positive Esophagogastric Adenocarcinoma

In the German phase II PETRARCA trial of the AIO EGA Study Group, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hofheinz et al found that the addition of trastuzumab and pertuzumab to perioperative FLOT (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and docetaxel) improved both the pathologic complete...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Role of Combined Positive Score With Treatment Outcomes in Recurrent or Metastatic Head and Neck Cancer

In an analysis of the KEYNOTE-048 trial reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Yu et al identified outcomes with pembrolizumab alone or combined with chemotherapy vs cetuximab plus chemotherapy in patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma with a low or...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Lisocabtagene Maraleucel for the Second-Line Treatment of Large B-Cell Lymphoma

On June 24, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy lisocabtagene maraleucel (Breyanzi) for adult patients with large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL) who have disease refractory to first-line chemoimmunotherapy or relapse within 12 months of...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Has Given Me Back My Life

Hearing the words “You have cancer” is a devastating blow, especially when the biggest health issues you’ve had to contend with over more than 6 decades are common colds and knee and hip replacements. But in 2017, the symptoms I thought were from a lingering summer cold drove me to seek medical...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Cabozantinib vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment for Advanced RCC: Overall Survival Analysis of CheckMate 9ER Trial

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Robert J. Motzer, MD, and colleagues, the protocol-defined final overall survival analysis of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial showed a significant benefit with nivolumab/cabozantinib vs sunitinib in previously untreated patients with advanced renal cell...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Thomas Seufferlein, MD

Thomas Seufferlein, MD, Professor of Medicine at Ulm University Hospital in Germany, found the data from the NOTABLE trial1 encouraging and “clinically interesting.” However, he suggested the study’s design did not allow the EGFR inhibitor to be optimally tested. The NOTABLE trial is based on a...

Pancreatic Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

NOTABLE Trial: Survival in Pancreatic KRAS Wild-Type Cancer Improved With Addition of Nimotuzumab to Gemcitabine

In patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer and KRAS wild-type tumors, novel treatment with the monoclonal antibody nimotuzumab, which targets the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR),  plus gemcitabine significantly improved overall survival and other outcomes over...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Debu Tripathy, MD

Debu Tripathy, MD, Professor and Chair of Breast Medical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, shared his thoughts on TROPiCS-02 with The ASCO Post. He said the study is important because it addresses the needs of “a population with limited options, whose...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

TROPiCS-02 Sacituzumab Govitecan Effective in Hormone Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer

For advanced breast cancer that is hormone receptor–positive and HER2-negative, sacituzumab govitecan-hziy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression by 34% over physician’s choice of treatment, based on the results of the phase III TROPiCS-02 trial.1 The heavily pretreated patients in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Kimmie Ng, MD, MPH

The study’s invited discussant was Kimmie Ng, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School and Co-Director of the Colon and Rectal Cancer Center at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston. “Neoadjuvant dostarlimab-gxly for 6 months represents a promising new treatment for...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

100% Complete Response Rate in 14 Patients With Rectal Cancer Treated With Neoadjuvant Dostarlimab-gxly

In a study of 18 patients with locally advanced mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) rectal cancer, 6 months of neoadjuvant treatment with the anti–PD-1 agent dostarlimab-gxly alone led to clinical complete responses in 100% of the study’s first 14 patients.1 These results were presented at the 2022...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Patricia LoRusso, DO, PhD

Invited discussant Patricia LoRusso, DO, PhD, of Yale School of Medicine, said to the assembled audience at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting: “I see you are as excited about these data as I am,” after the applause ended following Dr. Modi’s presentation. “I want to thank our colleagues for helping to...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Breast04 Trial: T-DXd Significantly Improves Survival in Patients With HER2-Low Metastatic Breast Cancer

The antibody-drug conjugate fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) doubled progression-free survival compared with chemotherapy alone in patients with “HER2-low” metastatic breast cancer—ie, patients with low levels of HER2 expression. The agent also extended overall survival for patients with low ...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Guru P. Sonpavde, MD

Guru P. Sonpavde, MD, Director of the Bladder Cancer Program at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and a faculty member of Harvard Medical School, Boston, said these follow-up data from CheckMate 274 provide reassurance that the disease-free survival benefit is maintained with adjuvant nivolumab. “We...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 274: Adjuvant Immunotherapy Improves Disease-Free Survival in Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

Adjuvant nivolumab could become the standard of care for patients with metastatic bladder cancer, according to data presented at the American Urological Association (AUA) 2022 Annual Meeting.1 With longer follow-up, the results of the phase III CheckMate 274 trial showed that treatment with the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Oladimeji Akinboro, MD, MPH, on NSCLC: Outcomes of Anti–PD-(L)1 Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy in the First-Line Setting

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Oladimeji Akinboro, MD, MPH, of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), discuss a data analysis, which suggests that most subgroups of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer with a PD-L1 score of 50% or greater who are receiving FDA-approved chemotherapy/immunotherapy regimens may have overall survival outcomes comparable to or better than immunotherapy-alone regimens (Abstract 9000).

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Akihiro Ohba, MD, on Biliary Tract Cancer: New Findings on Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki

Akihiro Ohba, MD, of Japan’s National Cancer Center Hospital, discusses phase II data from the HERB trial on fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki, which showed activity in patients with HER2-expressing unresectable or recurrent biliary tract cancer (Abstract 4006).

Immunotherapy
Symptom Management
Multiple Myeloma

Postmarketing Ocular Toxicity in U.S. Adults Treated With Daratumumab

In an analysis reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Nguyen et al identified postmarketing cases of ocular toxicity in patients receiving daratumumab in the United States. Daratumumab is a CD38-directed monoclonal antibody that was initially approved in 2015 for the treatment of multiple...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, and Ian E. Krop, MD, PhD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: New Early Data on Patritumab Deruxtecan

Ann H. Partridge, MD, MPH, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Ian E. Krop, MD, PhD, of Yale Cancer Center, discuss phase I/II findings on patritumab deruxtecan, a HER3-directed antibody-drug conjugate, in patients with HER3-expressing metastatic breast cancer. A pooled analysis showed antitumor activity in women with HR-positive/HER2-negative and HER2-positive advanced disease, as well as triple-negative breast cancer (Abstract 1002).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Erika Hamilton, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Safety Follow-up Data on T-DXd vs T-DM1

Erika Hamilton, MD, of Sarah Cannon Research Institute at Tennessee Oncology, discusses phase III data from the DESTINY-Breast03 study, which reinforced the consistent safety profile of fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs ado-trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in patients with HER2-positive unresectable and/or metastatic breast cancer. The findings also support T-DXd’s risk benefit over that of T-DM1 (Abstract 1000).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Association Between Smoking History and Overall Survival With First-Line Pembrolizumab in Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Sanjay Popat, FRCP, PhD, and colleagues found that among patients initiating first-line pembrolizumab for EGFR and ALK wild-type advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), ever-smokers had significantly better overall survival vs...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Atezolizumab to FOLFOXIRI/Bevacizumab for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In an Italian phase II trial (AtezoTRIBE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Antoniotti et al found that the addition of atezolizumab to FOLFOXIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, irinotecan) and bevacizumab improved progression-free survival in the first-line treatment of patients with...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Longitudinal Liquid Biopsy for Circulating Tumor Cells in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Bootsma et al found that higher circulating tumor cell (CTC) enumeration trajectory identified through longitudinal liquid biopsy was associated with poorer survival in patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment for metastatic...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Lisa A. Carey, MD, and Shanu Modi, MD, on Breast Cancer: Is T-DXd a Potential New Standard of Care for HER2-Low Disease?

Lisa A. Carey, MD, of the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, and Shanu Modi, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss the phase III findings from the DESTINY-Breast04 trial, which compared fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs treatment of physician’s choice (TPC) in patients with HER2-low unresectable and/or metastatic breast cancer. T-DXd is the first HER2-targeted therapy to demonstrate clinically meaningful improvement in progression-free and overall survival compared with TPC in this patient population, regardless of hormone receptor or immunohistochemistry status or prior use of CDK4/6 inhibitors (Abstract LBA3).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, and Karen L. Reckamp, MD, on NSCLC: Overall Survival Results With Ramucirumab Plus Pembrolizumab vs Standard of Care

Gilberto de Lima Lopes, Jr, MD, MBA, of the Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami, and Karen L. Reckamp, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discuss phase II findings from substudy S1800A of the Lung-MAP protocol. The data showed that ramucirumab and pembrolizumab improved overall survival compared with the standard of care for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer who were previously treated with immunotherapy and platinum-based chemotherapy (Abstract 9004).  

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Allogeneic CAR T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed or Refractory T-Cell Lymphoma

Patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell lymphoma have limited treatment options. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has been challenging in these patients because of the state of their T cells. CTX130 is an allogeneic CAR T-cell therapy targeting CD70 on cancerous T cells, offering...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Ponatinib Plus Blinatumomab for Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

The tyrosine kinase inhibitor ponatinib and monoclonal antibody blinatumomab—which targets CD19 on leukemia cells—are highly effective as monotherapies for patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive (Ph+) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The combination of the two therapies may provide an...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

MajesTEC-1: Bispecific Antibody Teclistamab for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase I/II MajesTEC-1 trial presented at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 8007) and simultaneously published in The New England Journal of Medicine, Philippe Moreau, MD, and colleagues found that the bispecific antibody teclistamab produced responses in nearly two-thirds of patients...

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