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breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hans Wildiers, MD, on Metastatic Breast Cancer: Comparing Addition of Eftilagimod Alpha vs Placebo to Paclitaxel

Hans Wildiers, MD, of University Hospitals Leuven, discusses the final results from the phase IIb AIPAC study, which suggested that eftilagimod added to paclitaxel may be of benefit to patients older than 65 years with hormone receptor­–positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer after endocrine-based therapy. Eftilagimod, which is a first-in-class antigen presenting cell activator, appeared to increase circulating CD4/CD8 T cells, which correlated to improved overall survival (Abstract 948).

immunotherapy

Yuki Muroyama, MD, PhD, on A Novel Marker of Clinical Response to PD-1 Blockade Under Study

Yuki Muroyama, MD, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, discusses the interaction between the immune system and a novel marker—T-cell DNA damage and repair response—to understand how that interaction may affect immune cell biology and therapeutic response (Abstract 310).  

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy
Genomics/Genetics

Keith T. Flaherty, MD, on Results From the DREAMseq Trial

Invited discussant of the phase III DREAMseq trial, Keith T. Flaherty, MD, said the findings still leave room for nuanced decision-making.1 Dr. Flaherty is Professor of Medicine at Harvard and Director of the Henri and Belinda Termeer Center for Targeted Therapy at the Massachusetts General...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy
Genomics/Genetics

DREAMseq Trial: In Advanced Melanoma With BRAF Mutations, Start With Immunotherapy

 In the treatment of patients with advanced melanoma containing BRAF mutations, initial treatment with an immunotherapy combination achieved superior overall survival compared with targeted therapy in the phase III DREAMseq trial, also known as the ECOG-ACRIN EA6134 trial. The results were reported ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunomodulatory Effects of Neoadjuvant Nivolumab, Chemotherapy in NSCLC

The immunomodulatory effects of neoadjuvant immune-based treatments for non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are becoming clearer, in part due to data presented by Schmidt et al at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 2021 Annual Meeting (Abstract 962). The first integrated analysis of...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Chemoradiation Plus Pembrolizumab Shows No Effect on Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes in Pancreatic Cancer

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant chemoradiation  has failed to overcome the immunosuppressive microenvironment of pancreatic cancer, according to data presented by Osama E. Rahma, MD, and colleagues at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 2021 Annual...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Eftilagimod Alpha Plus Paclitaxel May Improve Survival in HR-Positive, HER2-Negative Metastatic Breast Cancer: AIPAC Trial

The addition of the LAG-3 protein eftilagimod alpha to paclitaxel led to a significant improvement in overall survival in younger patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer, according to data presented by Hans Wildiers, MD, and colleagues at the Society for ...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Phase I Trial Investigates HER-Targeted CAR-M for HER2-Overexpressing Solid Tumors

HER2-targeted chimeric antigen receptor macrophages (CAR-M) could be the next cell therapies to treat advanced solid tumors overexpressing HER2, according to data presented by Kim A. Reiss, MD, and colleagues at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 2021 Annual Meeting (Abstract 951)....

Immunotherapy

Can Antihistamines Influence Response to Immunotherapy?

New research from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center found that treatment with antihistamines was associated with improved responses to immune checkpoint inhibitors. The preclinical study, published by Li et al in Cancer Cell, demonstrated that the histamine receptor H1 (HRH1) acts...

Immunotherapy
COVID-19

Response to SARS–CoV-2 mRNA Vaccination in Patients With B-Cell Depletion Associated With CAR T-Cell Therapy

In a small single-institution study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Parvathaneni et al found that SARS–CoV-2 mRNA vaccination produced antibody responses in nearly half—and CD4 T-cell responses in more than half—of patients with B-cell depletion due to treatment with...

sarcoma
immunotherapy

Emily Z. Keung, MD, on Interactions of Sarcoma, Immune Infiltrates, and Checkpoint Blockade

Emily Z. Keung, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the complex interactions of immune infiltrates and neoadjuvant immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) in patients with resectable soft-tissue sarcoma. These interactions may hold the key to understanding pathologic response to ICB and ICB resistance (Abstract 379).

solid tumors
immunotherapy

Kim A. Reiss, MD, on HER2-Overexpressing Solid Tumors: First-in-Human Study of Anti-HER2 CAR Macrophages

Kim A. Reiss, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania, discusses results of a phase I trial of a CAR-M engineered macrophage cancer therapy, known as CT-0508, for patients with solid tumors that overexpress HER2. CAR-M, designed to exploit the natural role of macrophages to initiate an antitumor response, is currently under study at multiple clinical sites (Abstract 951).

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Impact of Prior Blinatumomab Exposure on CD19-Targeted CAR T-Cell Therapy Outcomes in Pediatric Patients With B-Cell ALL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Myers et al found that lack of response to prior blinatumomab treatment was associated with poorer outcomes with CD19-targeted chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy (CD19-CAR) in children and young adults with relapsed or refractory...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Stephanie T. Schmidt, PhD, on NSCLC: The Immunomodulatory Impact of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy and Immune-Based Treatments

Stephanie T. Schmidt, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the first integrated examination of the immunomodulatory effects of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, nivolumab, and nivolumab plus chemotherapy in resected non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 962).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Impact of Time of Day of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Infusion on Overall Survival in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

In a single-institution study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Qian et al found that the administration of immune checkpoint inhibitors after 4:30 PM was associated with poorer overall survival vs infusion earlier in the day in patients with metastatic melanoma. As stated by the investigators, “The ...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Daratumumab After Initial Therapy for Transplant-Eligible Multiple Myeloma: More Questions Than Answers From CASSIOPEIA Part 2

Bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone (VTd) is an acceptable, effective standard-of-care induction treatment in Europe for patients with newly diagnosed myeloma who are eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. CASSIOPEIA is a two-part, open-label, randomized, phase III trial in...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Daratumumab Prolongs Progression-Free Survival in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Philippe Moreau, MD, of the University Hospital Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, and colleagues, an interim analysis of part 2 of the phase III CASSIOPEIA trial has showed significantly prolonged progression-free survival with maintenance daratumumab vs observation...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Immunotherapy: The Next Chapter in Advancements in Renal Cell Carcinoma

Renal cell carcinoma is a common malignancy among men and women in the United States.1 The incidence continues to increase with the ever-increasing use of contemporary medical imaging. Although many patients who present with localized disease are cured with definitive surgery, some patients develop ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-564 Trial: Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-564 trial has showed improved disease-free survival with adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo after nephrectomy in high-risk...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

High-Risk Multiple Myeloma: Combination Regimens and CAR T-Cell Therapy

“Continuous improvement is better than delayed perfection.”  —Mark Twain To complement The ASCO Post’s extensive coverage of the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel treatments under study in high-risk multiple myeloma. For...

Immunotherapy

CheckMate 743 Supports Survival Benefit of Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Updated results from the phase III CheckMate 743 trial support the durable and superior benefits of immunotherapy with nivolumab plus ipilimumab over chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma.1 In the most recent updated analysis of the...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Evorpacept Alone and Combined With Pembrolizumab or Trastuzumab for Advanced Solid Tumors

In the phase I ASPEN-01 study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Nehal Lakhani, MD, and colleagues found evidence of activity of the CD47-blocking protein evorpacept in combination with pembrolizumab or trastuzumab for the treatment of advanced solid tumors. As stated by the investigators, “Both...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Newer Agents on the Horizon for Refractory or Relapsed DLBCL

Although treating patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) remains challenging, some newer therapies on the horizon offer promise, including bispecific antibodies, anti-CD47 antibodies, antibody-drug conjugates, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy,...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Adjuvant Treatment of Renal Cell Carcinoma

On November 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at intermediate-high or high risk of disease recurrence following nephrectomy or nephrectomy and resection of metastatic lesions....

Immunotherapy

Study Explores Method to Selectively Grow Tumor-Targeting T Cells for Cancer Therapy

A preclinical study published by Arnaud et al in Nature Biotechnology has demonstrated the utility and efficacy of a highly efficient method to generate large numbers of immune cells specifically engineered to recognize neoantigens and destroy the tumors that express them. Developed by a team of...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Health-Related Quality of Life With Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy for Advanced Esophageal Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Adenis et al found that health-related quality of life was maintained with both pembrolizumab and chemotherapy in the pivotal phase III KEYNOTE-181 trial, which included patients with advanced esophageal cancer who had received previous...

Lymphoma
Head and Neck Cancer
Solid Tumors
Genomics/Genetics
Gynecologic Cancers
Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Novel Treatments in Lymphoma, Nasopharyngeal Cancer, Solid Tumors, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to agents for several kinds of lymphoma, as well as nasopharyngeal cancer; a Breakthrough Therapy designation for a treatment for patients with NTRK-positive advanced solid tumors; and Fast Track designation for...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab for Relapsed Malignant Mesothelioma: Improvements in Progression-Free and Overall Survival

In the phase III CONFIRM trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dean A. Fennell, FRCP, PhD, and colleagues found that nivolumab improved progression-free and overall survival vs placebo in patients with relapsed malignant mesothelioma. In October 2020, the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab...

breast cancer
immunotherapy
symptom management

Youssef Zeidan, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Treatment-Related Cardiotoxicity

Youssef Zeidan, MD, PhD, of Florida International University and the Lynn Cancer Institute, discusses the advances in radiotherapy planning and delivery that have reduced cardiac radiation exposure in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer who are treated with radiotherapy and trastuzumab (Abstract 12).

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, on Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: Treatment Findings From KEYNOTE-355 on Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy

Hope S. Rugo, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-355 study of pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy, which improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone in patients with previously untreated locally recurrent, inoperable, or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer whose tumors expressed PD-L1 (Abstract LBA16).

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Omid Hamid, MD

Commenting on the SECOMBIT trial was Omid Hamid, MD, Chief of Translational Research and Immunotherapy at The Angeles Clinic & Research Institute, a Cedars-Sinai Affiliate, and Co-Director, Cutaneous Malignancy Program, Cedars-Sinai Cancer. Dr. Hamid said SECOMBIT addresses an important...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

SECOMBIT Trial Evaluates Optimal Treatment Sequencing in BRAF-Mutated Melanoma

Patients with untreated, metastatic BRAF-mutated melanoma may benefit from receiving immunotherapy first, moving to targeted therapy in the second line, data from the updated overall survival analysis of the randomized, phase II SECOMBIT trial suggest.1 The study aimed to define the optimal...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Another Antibody-Drug Conjugate Enters the Metastatic Breast Cancer Landscape

In the global phase III TULIP trial in metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer, treatment with the antibody-drug conjugate vic-trastuzumab duocarmazine (SYD985) significantly improved progression-free survival in comparison with standard chemotherapy in previously treated patients, making this a new ...

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

Two Studies Examine the Efficacy of Immunotherapy for Leptomeningeal Carcinomatosis

Two new studies published in Nature Communications indicate that immunotherapy may benefit people with leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, a rare but serious complication of cancer that has spread to the brain and/or spinal cord.  Approximately 5% to 8% of all patients with cancer develop leptomeningeal ...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Overall Survival in the MAIA Trial: Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thierry Facon, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of overall survival in the pivotal phase III MAIA trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide/dexamethasone in newly diagnosed, transplant-ineligible patients with ...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab/Low-Dose Ipilimumab Produces Responses in Patients With MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, and colleagues, in the phase II CheckMate 142 trial, first-line treatment with nivolumab plus low-dose ipilimumab produced a high rate of durable responses in a cohort of patients who had received no prior treatment for...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Susana N. Banerjee, MBBS, PhD, on Ovarian, Fallopian Tube, or Primary Peritoneal Adenocarcinoma: Treatment Findings From the EORTC-1508 Trial

Susana N. Banerjee, MBBS, PhD, of The Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust, discusses phase II results of the EORTC-1508 trial, the first study to combine an anti–PD-L1 antibody, atezolizumab, with bevacizumab and the COX1/2 inhibitor acetylsalicylic acid as treatment for patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal adenocarcinoma (Abstract LBA32).

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, and Federica Morano, MD, on Colorectal Cancer and the MAYA Trial Strategy: Temozolomide, Ipilimumab, and Nivolumab

Filippo Pietrantonio, MD, and Federica Morano, MD, both of the Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, discuss results from the MAYA trial, which provided proof of concept that temozolomide-induced hypermutation may be exploited to achieve durable responses to low-dose ipilimumab plus nivolumab in patients with microsatellite stable metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 383O).

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, on Advanced Prostate Cancer: Data on Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab

Neeraj Agarwal, MD, of Hunstman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah, discusses efficacy and safety results from the COSMIC-021 study, in which cabozantinib plus atezolizumab demonstrated clinically meaningful activity and a manageable safety profile in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The findings support a phase III study of these agents vs a second line of novel hormonal therapy (Abstract LBA24).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Atezolizumab as Adjuvant Treatment for NSCLC

On October 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) for adjuvant treatment following resection and platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors have PD-L1 expression on ≥ 1% of tumor cells, as...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab Combination for the First-Line Treatment of Cervical Cancer

On October 13, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with chemotherapy, with or without bevacizumab, for patients with persistent, recurrent, or metastatic cervical cancer whose tumors express PD-L1 (combined positive score [CPS] ≥ 1), as...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Camrelizumab/Apatinib for High-Risk Chemorefractory or Relapsed Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

In a Chinese single-institution phase II trial (CAP 01) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cheng et al found that the PD-1 inhibitor camrelizumab in combination with the antiangiogenic agent apatinib produced a high rate of complete responses in women with high-risk chemorefractory or relapsed...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab Under Study in Mesothelioma

Neoadjuvant atezolizumab combined with pemetrexed and cisplatin, with maintenance atezolizumab, proved to be safe and feasible, offering a hint of benefit in patients with resectable pleural mesothelioma, in a small multicenter study presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Omid Hamid, MD

“The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is currently examining pembrolizumab for the adjuvant treatment of stage IIB and IIC melanoma; if approved, we would be introducing immunotherapy earlier in the patient journey,” commented invited discussant Omid Hamid, MD (@OmidHamidMD), who was an...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Pembrolizumab Shows Efficacy in High-Risk Stage II Melanoma in Adults and Children Older Than 12

Adjuvant pembrolizumab reduced the risk of recurrence in adults and children older than age 12 with high-risk stage II (AJCC 8th edition, stage IIB/IIC) melanoma vs placebo, according to a late-breaking interim analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-716 trial, presented during the European Society for...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD

“The standard of care [in advanced cervical cancer] has been the addition of bevacizumab to platinum-based chemotherapy since 2014. Even with the addition of bevacizumab, we still need to do better. There is a substantial unmet need for new therapies,” said invited discussant Mansoor Raza Mirza,...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Study Shows Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The addition of pembrolizumab to chemotherapy prolonged survival in recurrent, persistent, or metastatic cervical cancer, according to the results of the first interim analysis of the ­KEYNOTE-826 trial, presented at a Presidential Symposium during the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ichiro Yoshino, MD, PhD

Ichiro Yoshino, MD, PhD, Professor and Chairman of the Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan, reviewed the finer details of the IMpower010 exploratory analysis.1 He maintained that atezolizumab’s benefit does, indeed, seem to favor some patient...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

IMpower010: Benefits Observed With Atezolizumab Regardless of Stage, Type of Prior Treatment

In an exploratory analysis of the pivotal phase III IMpower010 trial in stage II–IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), continued treatment with the monoclonal antibody atezolizumab after surgery and chemotherapy improved disease-free survival regardless of the type of surgery or chemotherapy...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Shanu Modi, MD

Shanu Modi, MD, of the Breast Medicine Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, called the DESTINY-Breast03 results,1 which showed a highly significant benefit for fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) over trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1), “unprecedented.” She suggested they...

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