Shilpa Gupta, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Long-Term Outcome of Enfortumab Vedotin Plus Pembrolizumab
2023 ASCO Annual Meeting
Shilpa Gupta, MD, of Cleveland Clinic, discusses the results from the EV-103 study and the unmet need for effective first-line therapies in cisplatin-ineligible patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. After nearly 4 years of follow-up, the trial findings showed that enfortumab vedotin-ejfv plus pembrolizumab continues to demonstrate promising survival trends with rapid and durable responses in this population (Abstract 4505).
Disclaimer: This video transcript has not been proofread or edited and may contain errors.
Shilpa Gupta, MD:
We are reporting the four-year follow-up of EV103 dose escalation in cohort A. This was the study in locally advanced and metastatic urothelial cancer patients who are ineligible to receive cisplatin and received a combination of enfortumab vedotin and pembrolizumab. Enfortumab vedotin is an ADC, which is already approved in the refractory setting in metastatic urothelial cancer. Previous data has led to the X-rated approval of this combination in this setting. This is the long-term data that is being reported, and we saw that the response rates by BICR was 73.3%. Median overall survival was 26 months at a median follow-up of 47 months. Median progression-free survival was 12.7 months, and the tail of the curve is still holding strong, and this is really important results for these patient populations where historically, the median overall survival used to be six to nine months.
There were no new signals of toxicity. The key toxicities that we saw with the combination were rash, peripheral neuropathy, fatigue, and these are all manageable. If dose reductions and dose discontinuations are done appropriately, these toxicities do tend to resolve. For example, the rash and the hyperglycemia tend to occur early and resolve very early if dose reductions and dose discontinuations or treatment breaks are given. Peripheral neuropathy takes some time to manifest, around 2.7 months at the median, and can resolve by seven months with dose reductions. We really need to be cautious of these toxicities and manage the patients appropriately, but this is really very important data for this patient population, and the ongoing phase three study of EV302, which is looking at this combination versus standard of care gemcitabine cisplatin, or gemcitabine carboplatin will further establish its efficacy across the board.
James Chih-Hsin Yang, MD, PhD, of the National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University Cancer Center, discusses the latest data from the phase III KEYNOTE-789 study, which evaluated the efficacy and safety of pemetrexed plus platinum chemotherapy (carboplatin or cisplatin) with or without pembrolizumab in the treatment of adults with EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor–resistant, EGFR–mutated, metastatic nonsquamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Abstract LBA9000).
Alicia K. Morgans, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Karim Fizazi, MD, of Institut Gustave Roussy, University of Paris-Saclay, discuss findings from the TALAPRO-2 study, which showed that talazoparib plus enzalutamide improved radiographic progression–free survival over standard-of-care enzalutamide as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer and HRR gene alterations. This regimen also delayed the time to deterioration in global health status and quality of life (Abstract 5004).
Narjust Florez, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Heather A. Wakelee, MD, of Stanford University, Stanford Cancer Institute, discuss new data supporting neoadjuvant pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy followed by surgery and adjuvant pembrolizumab as a promising new treatment option for patients with resectable stage II, IIIA, or IIIB (N2) non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (Abstract LBA100).
Guillermo Garcia-Manero, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III findings from the COMMANDS trial. Compared with epoetin alfa, luspatercept improved red blood cell transfusion independence and erythroid response, as well as the duration of response in erythropoiesis-stimulating agent–naive, transfusion-dependent patients with lower‐risk myelodysplastic syndromes (Abstract 7003).
Allison Betof Warner, MD, PhD, of Stanford University Medical Center, and Zeynep Eroglu, MD, of H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute, discusses phase II findings showing that in patients with BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma, dabrafenib plus trametinib and navitoclax (DTN) was associated with a complete response rate of 20% and an overall response rate of 84%. Additionally, there was a trend toward improved overall survival in patients treated with DTN compared with dabrafenib plus trametinib alone; the difference in overall survival was more pronounced in patients with a smaller tumor burden (Abstract 9511).