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Leukemia

Sorafenib Maintenance After Allogeneic HCT in Patients With FLT3-ITD–Positive AML

In the German-Austrian phase II SORMAIN trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Burchert et al found that maintenance treatment with sorafenib vs placebo was associated with significantly prolonged relapse-free survival after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT) in...

issues in oncology
leukemia

Alfonso Bencomo Álvarez, PhD, on ALL, AML, and CML: Survival for Hispanic Patients Living Near the US/Mexico Border

Alfonso Bencomo Álvarez, PhD, of Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, discusses his retrospective study of the incidence and survival for patients with hematologic malignancies residing at the United States/Mexico border. The analysis showed that 10-year survival rates for Hispanic patients with ALL, AML, and CML were significantly lower for those who lived in El Paso than for those who lived elsewhere in Texas (Abstract 4343).

leukemia
geriatric oncology

Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, on AML: Venetoclax Plus Cytarabine in Older Patients

Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, of The Alfred Hospital, Monash University, discusses phase III data from the VIALE-C trial, which appear to support the use of venetoclax plus low-dose cytarabine as a front-line treatment for older patients with acute myeloid leukemia, as well as for those who cannot tolerate intensive chemotherapy (Abstract S136).

Leukemia
Geriatric Oncology

Expert Point of View: Alice Mims, MD

Alice Mims, MD, Associate Professor of Hematology at The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center–The James, shared her insights on the VIALE-A study. “The results of the VIALE-A study have been highly anticipated and are exciting, given the improvement seen in both overall survival and...

Leukemia
Geriatric Oncology

VIALE-A Trial Supports Survival Benefit of Venetoclax Plus Azacitidine in Elderly Patients With AML

In the phase III VIALE-A trial, venetoclax added to azacitidine led to a significant and clinically meaningful improvement in response rates and overall survival, as compared with azacitidine alone, in treatment-naive predominantly elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) ineligible for...

Leukemia

Dental Infection Screening Before Induction Chemotherapy for AML

In a single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Watson et al found that screening for and treating detected dental infections prior to initiation of induction chemotherapy for patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) were associated with a significant reduction in ...

leukemia

Arnon P. Kater, MD, PhD, on CLL: Efficacy of Venetoclax in Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Arnon P. Kater, MD, PhD, of the University of Amsterdam, Cancer Center Amsterdam, discusses phase IIIb results from the VENICE I trial, which confirmed that venetoclax monotherapy can achieve deep responses and has a tolerable and manageable safety profile in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract S156).

leukemia

Jorge E. Cortes, MD, on Chronic Phase CML: Comparing Three Starting Doses of Ponatinib

Jorge E. Cortes, MD, of Georgia Cancer Center, discusses interim results from the OPTIC study, which showed a trend toward dose-dependent efficacy and safety, and may provide a refined understanding of the ponatinib benefit/risk profile and its relation to dose. Mature data from continued follow-up may support an alternate dosing regimen for patients with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (Abstract S172).

leukemia
lymphoma

John C. Byrd, MD, on CLL/SLL: Acalabrutinib in Treatment-Naive Patients

John C. Byrd, MD, of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses the mature results of a phase II study showing durable remissions and long-term tolerability of acalabrutinib in treatment-naive patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma (Abstract S163).

leukemia
lymphoma

Elias Jabbour, MD, on Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Lymphoblastic Lymphoma: Venetoclax and Navitoclax in Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Elias Jabbour, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study findings that showed venetoclax and navitoclax with chemotherapy is well tolerated, with promising efficacy in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia and lymphoblastic lymphoma. Clinical follow-up, correlative biomarker analysis, and expansion cohort enrollment to assess discontinuous dosing are underway (Abstract S116).

leukemia

Anthony Moorman, PhD, on ALL: Improving Outcomes With a Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Plus Chemotherapy

Anthony Moorman, PhD, of Newcastle University, discusses preliminary data showing high-risk patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and ABL-class mutations may have improved outcomes when a tyrosine kinase inhibitor is added to chemotherapy (Abstract S117).

leukemia

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, on AML: Venetoclax and Azacitidine for Treatment-Naive Patients

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data from her study of treatment-naive, predominantly older patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are ineligible for intensive therapy. The research shows venetoclax plus azacitidine improved response rates and overall survival compared with azacitidine alone (Abstract LB2601).

leukemia

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, on AML: Venetoclax and Azacitidine for Treatment-Naive Patients

Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data from her study of treatment-naive, predominantly older patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are ineligible for intensive therapy. The research shows venetoclax plus azacitidine improved response rates and overall survival compared with azacitidine alone (Abstract LB2601).

leukemia

Abhishek Maiti, MBBS, on AML: Decitabine and Venetoclax vs Intensive Chemotherapy

Abhishek Maiti, MBBS, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses his analysis showing that 10-day decitabine and venetoclax led to superior outcomes compared with intensive chemotherapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia, with benefits most pronounced in people at high risk of treatment-related mortality (Abstract S141).

Leukemia

Acalabrutinib With or Without Obinutuzumab vs Chlorambucil/Obinutuzumab in Previously Untreated CLL

As reported inThe Lancet by Jeff P. Sharman, MD, of Willamette Valley Cancer Institute/US Oncology, Eugene, Oregon, and colleagues, the phase III ELEVATE-TN trial has shown significantly improved progression-free survival with both acalabrutinib/obinutuzumab and acalabrutinib monotherapy vs...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

FDA Extends Indication of Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin for Pediatric Patients With CD33-Positive AML

On June 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) extended the indication of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg) for newly diagnosed CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) to include pediatric patients aged 1 month and older. AAML0531 Efficacy and safety in the pediatric population were...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Symptom Management

EHA25 Virtual: Roundup of Findings in Leukemia, Lymphoma, and More

Advances in the treatment of hematologic malignancies and some of their associated symptoms were presented during EHA25 Virtual, an ongoing online conference from the European Hematology Association (EHA). Advances in the Treatment of High-Risk CLL: CLL2-GIVe Results In the CLL2-GIVe trial, the...

Leukemia

Acalabrutinib vs Idelalisib/Rituximab or Bendamustine/Rituximab for Relapsed or Refractory CLL: ASCEND Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ghia et al, the phase III ASCEND trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival with acalabrutinib monotherapy vs investigator’s choice of idelalisib plus rituximab or bendamustine plus rituximab in adult patients with relapsed or refractory...

leukemia

Farhad Ravandi-Kashani, MD, on Acute Myeloid Leukemia: AMG 330 in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Farhad Ravandi-Kashani, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses updates from a phase I dose-escalation study of AMG 330, a bispecific T-cell engager molecule. It showed early evidence of an acceptable safety profile, drug tolerability, and antileukemic activity, supporting further dose escalation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 7508).

leukemia
myelodysplastic syndromes

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, on MDS, CMML, or AML: Pevonedistat and Azacitidine

Mikkael A. Sekeres, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic, discusses data from a phase II study of pevonedistat plus azacitidine vs azacitidine alone in patients with higher-risk myelodysplastic syndromes, chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, or low-blast acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 7506).

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Yvonne Chen, PhD, and Joseph Alvarnas, MD

Formal discussant Yvonne Chen, PhD, Associate Professor of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics at the University of California, Los Angeles, said the issue of toxicity was important, since high levels of toxicity were observed in this small group of five patients. “All five patients...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Off-the-Shelf CAR T-Cell Therapy Makes Inroads in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy known as TruUCAR GC027 may prove to be useful in the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and potentially other hematologic malignancies. Preliminary results in a small number of patients...

Leukemia

Ibrutinib in Combination With Rituximab in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

On April 21, 2020, ibrutinib was granted an expanded indication for use in combination with rituximab for the initial treatment of adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL).1,2 The recommended dosage of ibrutinib in CLL/SLL is 420 mg, once daily,...

Leukemia

Liposomal Daunorubicin and Cytarabine Followed by FLAG for Pediatric Relapsed AML

In a phase I/II Children’s Oncology Group study (AAML1421) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cooper et al identified the phase II dose of CPX-351, a liposomal preparation of daunorubicin and cytarabine, and found that a regimen consisting of CPX-351 followed by fludarabine, cytarabine,...

Leukemia

Ivosidenib Plus Venetoclax With or Without Azacitidine for IDH1-Mutated AML

Combination therapy with the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) inhibitor ivosenidib plus the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax with or without the chemotherapeutic agent azacitidine showed activity in patients with IDH1-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in a phase Ib/II trial. The results of the...

Leukemia
COVID-19

Treating Patients With Leukemia During the COVID-19 Era at MD Anderson Cancer Center

As part of a series of interviews with cancer experts during the COVID-19 pandemic, The ASCO Post spoke with Hagop Kantarjian, MD, Professor and Chair of the Department of Leukemia at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, about the impact of the pandemic on treatment of...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Leukemia
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Two Breakthrough Therapy Designations for Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki, and More

Over the past few weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designations for an antibody-drug conjugate in the treatment of gastric and lung cancers. The Agency has also issued Orphan Drug designations for agents being investigated in chronic myeloid...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Immunotherapy

Highlights From ASH 2019 Included New Data in Leukemia, Lymphoma, Myeloma, and Myelodysplastic Syndromes

The 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition featured a cornucopia of sessions. It was impossible to attend all the lectures, symposia, oral presentations, poster presentations, and special events because many were concurrent. Below, we have selected some...

Leukemia
Supportive Care

Benefit of Increased Dietary Antioxidants During Induction Therapy for Pediatric ALL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Ladas et al found that increased dietary intake of antioxidants was associated with reduced risk for bacterial infection and grade ≥ 3 mucositis during induction therapy in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study...

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 5

For community oncologists treating patients with chronic myeloid leukemia or chronic lymphocytic leukemia during the COVID-19 pandemic, what resources and clinical pearls would you suggest? Recorded April 24, 2020.

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 4

At this time, would you consider pausing therapy—specifically signaling inhibitors and/or monoclonal antibodies—in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia? Recorded April 24, 2020.

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 3

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 2

Are you treating patients with advanced chronic myeloid leukemia (accelerated phase or blast crisis) any differently during the COVID-19 pandemic? Recorded April 24, 2020.

leukemia
covid-19

Laura C. Michaelis, MD: In My Experience Question 1

How has the COVID-19 pandemic changed your approach to the selection of tyrosine kinase inhibitors for the treatment of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia? Recorded April 24, 2020.

Leukemia

Dexrazoxane, Cardiac Function, and Treatment Outcomes in Pediatric AML

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Getz et al found that use of dexrazoxane was associated with preservation of cardiac function in pediatric patients receiving front-line treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and resulted in no adverse effects on treatment outcomes. As...

Leukemia
Pancreatic Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Lymphoma

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review in AML, Fast Track Designations for Pancreatic Cancer and Neuroendocrine Tumors

Over the past 2 weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML); Fast Track designations for agents in pancreatic cancer and pancreatic/nonpancreatic neuroendocrine tumors; approvals for companion diagnostic tests;...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

High- vs Low-Dose Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory CLL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Noelle V. Frey, MD, and colleagues, a higher dose of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells was associated with a higher rate of complete response in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia, with...

Leukemia

Asparaginase Discontinuation and Outcomes in Pediatric ALL

In a Children’s Oncology Group analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gupta et al found that discontinuation of pegylated asparaginase (PEG-ASNase) was associated with poorer disease-free survival among pediatric patients with high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). However,...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

ELEVATE-TN: Acalabrutinib With or Without Obinutuzumab vs Chlorambucil/Obinutuzumab in Patients With Previously Untreated CLL

As reported in The Lancet by Jeff P. Sharman, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ELEVATE-TN trial showed significantly improved progression-free survival with both acalabrutinib/obinutuzumab and acalabrutinib monotherapy vs chlorambucil/obinutuzumab in patients with treatment-naive chronic...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Approves Ibrutinib/Rituximab for CLL/SLL

On April 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) to include its combination with rituximab for the initial treatment of adult patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL). This review was conducted...

Leukemia

New Prognostic Score for Asymptomatic Patients With Early-Stage CLL

A new prognostic tool may help to predict time to first treatment for patients with early-stage, asymptomatic chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Researchers described what they hope will become a point-of-care resource to help improve clinical decision-making in a study published by Rossi et al in ...

Leukemia

AML Pioneer and Giant, Clara D. Bloomfield, MD, FASCO, Dies at 77

Physicians and scientists interested in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have lost one of the community’s shining lights with the death of Clara D. Bloomfield, MD, FASCO, on March 1, 2020, at age 77 years. Dr. Bloomfield is well known for her more than 50 years of groundbreaking research in blood...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Selected ASH Abstracts on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

ABSTRACT 355: MURANO study: Four-year analysis confirms sustained benefit (compared to bendamustine and rituximab; n = 195) of time-limited venetoclax/rituximab (n = 194) in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL; ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02005471)1...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Selected ASH Abstracts on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

To complement The ASCO Post’s continued comprehensive coverage of the 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapies for newly diagnosed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and...

Leukemia

Addition of Venetoclax to Cytarabine in Pediatric Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a phase I trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Karol et al found that the combination of the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax and the chemotherapeutic agent cytarabine with or without idarubicin produced responses in pediatric patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia. As noted by...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

First-Line Cladribine With Concurrent or Delayed Rituximab for Hairy Cell Leukemia

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Robert J. Kreitman, MD, and colleagues found that achievement of minimal residual disease–free complete remission for patients with hairy cell leukemia was enhanced by adding concurrent rituximab to first-line cladribine; a lesser...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Selected ASH Abstracts on Novel Treatments in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

To complement The ASCO Post’s continued comprehensive coverage of the 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapies for newly diagnosed and relapsed or refractory acute...

Leukemia

Expert Point of View: James N. Gerson, MD

James N. Gerson, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, commented on the implications of the findings from CAPTIVATE. “Upfront therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is rapidly evolving. We now have three...

Leukemia

Oral Regimen of Ibrutinib/Venetoclax Achieves High Rates of Undetectable Minimal Residual Disease in CLL

Updated results of the phase II CAPTIVATE trial continue to show high response rates as well as high rates of undetectable minimal residual disease (MRD) with ibrutinib plus venetoclax as front-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) in patients under the age of 70 years. The...

Leukemia

Treating Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in 2020

With the availability of a number of effective targeted agents for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the question arises whether chemotherapy still has a role in treating this malignancy. At the 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, CLL...

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