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Leukemia

Having Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Took Away My Fear of Death

On May 30, 2017, 9 days before I turned 19 and soon after I had completed my sophomore year at college, I was diagnosed with aggressive acute lymphoblastic leukemia. But getting to the diagnosis was a tortuous process. I had been feeling fatigued and losing weight for several weeks prior to the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Leukemia
Survivorship

Risk of Adverse Obstetric Outcomes in Adolescent and Young Adult Cancer Survivors

In an English and Welsh study (The Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivor Study) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Sunguc et al found that cervical cancer and leukemia survivors have a heightened risk of experiencing several serious obstetric complications. “Therefore, any pregnancy [in these...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Issues in Oncology

Immunoglobulin G Testing May Reduce Infections, Increase Receipt of Immunoglobulin Replacement Therapy in Patients With CLL and NHL

Patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) who undergo frequent immunoglobulin G testing may be less likely to experience severe infections than those who don’t undergo frequent testing, according to a recent study published by Soumerai et al in Blood Advances....

Leukemia

FDA Approves Blinatumomab as Consolidation for CD19-Positive, Ph-Negative B-Cell Precursor ALL

On June 14, 2024, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved blinatumomab (Blincyto) for adult and pediatric patients aged 1 month and older with CD19-positive, Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the consolidation phase of...

Leukemia

Relapsed or Refractory JMML: Study Evaluates Trametinib

Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML) is a rare and aggressive hematologic malignancy affecting young children predominately under the age of 4. The disease is caused by mutations that increase RAS signaling output. While about 50% of patients with JMML are cured after undergoing hematopoietic...

Leukemia

First-Line Venetoclax Combinations in Fit Patients With CLL

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Fürstenau et al, 4-year follow-up of the phase III GAIA/CLL13 trial showed improved progression-free survival with venetoclax/obinutuzumab and venetoclax/obinutuzumab/ibrutinib vs both chemoimmunotherapy and venetoclax/rituximab in the first-line treatment of...

leukemia
lymphoma

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, on CLL/SLL: Updated Findings on Ibrutinib and Venetoclax

William G. Wierda, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses up to 5.5 years of follow-up data from the phase II CAPTIVATE study, showing that in patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), fixed duration ibrutinib plus venetoclax continues to provide clinically meaningful progression-free disease in those with high-risk genomic features as well as in the overall population (Abstract 7009).

leukemia
immunotherapy

Allison M. Winter, MD, on Richter Transformation: New Data on a CAR T-Cell Treatment

Allison M. Winter, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, discusses real-world outcomes with lisocabtagene maraleucel in patients with Richter transformation, a difficult-to-treat population with a poor prognosis. Data from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research showed this therapy provided clinical benefit with a high complete response rate (Abstract 7010).

leukemia

Yucai Wang, MD, PhD, on Richter Transformation of CLL: Findings on Combination Therapy With an Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor

Yucai Wang, MD, PhD, of the Mayo Clinic, discusses the increased efficacy of combination therapy with pembrolizumab plus a BCR kinase inhibitor compared with pembrolizumab alone in patients with Richter transformation of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL; Abstract 7050).

leukemia

Mazyar Shadman, MD, MPH, on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Recruiting for the CELESTIAL-TNCLL Study

Mazyar Shadman, MD, MPH, of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, discusses an ongoing phase III study of the BCL2 inhibitor sonrotoclax plus zanubrutinib vs venetoclax and obinutuzumab for patients with treatment-naive chronic lymphocytic leukemia. The investigators are recruiting internationally (see NCT06073821; Abstract TPS7087).

leukemia

Mazyar Shadman, MD, MPH, on Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia: Update on BTK Inhibitors

Mazyar Shadman, MD, MPH, of Fred Hutchinson Cancer Center, discusses a network meta-analysis showing that zanubrutinib appears to be the most efficacious Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor for patients with high-risk relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia. It offers delayed disease progression and favorable survival and response, compared with alternative BTK inhibitors (Abstract 7048).  

Leukemia

Shorter Durations of Venetoclax Yield Similar Response Rates Compared to Standard Course in AML

When combined with azacitidine, a 7-day course of venetoclax demonstrated similar remission rates and was more tolerable compared to the standard 28-day course for older or chemotherapy-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML). These results from a retrospective...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell ALL: Novel CAR T-Cell Therapy Yields Strong Remission Rates

The novel anti-CD19 autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy obecabtagene autoleucel achieved durable remissions in 40% of patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) without a subsequent stem cell transplant, according to results from the phase...

leukemia
lymphoma

Muhit Özcan, MD, on CLL/SLL: Report on a Still-Recruiting International Study of Nemtabrutinib, Venetoclax, and Rituximab

Muhit Özcan, MD, of Turkey’s Ankara University School of Medicine, discusses the ongoing phase III BELLWAVE-010 study of nemtabrutinib plus venetoclax vs venetoclax plus rituximab in previously treated patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) (Abstract TPS7089).  

Leukemia

Asciminib Shows Superior Efficacy vs Standard-of-Care Front-Line TKIs in CML

Over the past 2 decades, the development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting the ATP-binding site of the constitutively activated tyrosine kinase in the fusion BCR::ABL1 protein has resulted in markedly improved treatment outcomes among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)....

Leukemia
Supportive Care

Can Exercise Boost the Efficacy of Rituximab in Treatment of CLL?

Sessions of moderate-to-vigorous exercise may improve the efficacy of antibody therapies, such as rituximab, used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to a recent study published by Collier-Bain et al in Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. The findings may demonstrate the potential of...

Leukemia
Issues in Oncology

Half-Matched Family Donors May Improve ASCT Outcomes in Hispanic Patients With ALL

Researchers have found that allogeneic stem cell transplantation from a haploidentical relative may significantly increase the rate of success in Hispanic patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), according to a recent study published by Ashouri et al in Leukemia Research. Background In...

Hematologic Malignancies
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Global Cancer Care

Lymphoid Neoplasms: European National Health Expenditure and Long-Term Survival

In an analysis of the EUROCARE-6 data set reported in The Lancet Oncology, Milena Sant, MD, and colleagues found that patients with lymphoid neoplasms from European countries with greater health expenditure had improved 10-year age-standardized relative survival. Study Details The study involved...

Leukemia
Geriatric Oncology
Issues in Oncology

Venetoclax Plus Hypomethylating Agents: Analyzing Standard-of-Care Outcomes in Older Patients With AML

Standard-of-care treatment comprising venetoclax plus hypomethylating agents was found to be safe and effective in some patients aged 80 years and older with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to a recent study published by Madarang et al in Blood Neoplasia. Background Older adult patients...

Lymphoma
Leukemia

Pirtobrutinib in Patients With Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

On December 1, 2023, pirtobrutinib (Jaypirca), a selective, noncovalent  Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor that inhibits both wild-type and C481-mutant BTK with equal low nanomolar potency and is designed to address several of the limitations of covalent BTK inhibitors, was granted...

Leukemia
Issues in Oncology

Improving AML Outcomes: Testing for MRD Prior to Bone Marrow Transplant

Testing for measurable residual disease (MRD) prior to bone marrow transplant may be effective and practical in patients in remission after receiving treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to a recent study published by Dillon et al in JAMA Oncology. Study Methods and Results In the...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Relapsed or Refractory CD7-Positive Leukemia or Lymphoma: CAR T-Cell Therapy Plus HSCT Without GVHD Prophylaxis

In a Chinese study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Hu et al found that sequential CD7 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy and allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) without graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was effective in patients with...

Leukemia

Pediatric AML: Comparison of Induction Regimens

In the phase III AML2012 trial, which had early termination of enrollment and results of which were reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tierens et al found that mitoxantrone-based induction resulted in better outcomes vs liposomal daunorubicin–based induction in pediatric patients with...

Leukemia
Survivorship

Impact of Propofol Exposure on Neurocognitive Outcomes in Children With High-Risk ALL

In an analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group phase III AALL1131 study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Alexander et al found that exposure to propofol was associated with an increased risk of impairment in reaction time/processing speed at 1 year after treatment in children with...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy for Richter Transformation

In a retrospective study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kittai et al found that anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy showed activity in previously treated patients with Richter transformation. Study Details In the study, 69 patients who received CAR T-cell therapy ...

Leukemia

Feasibility of Ending Specialist Follow-up in Patients With Low-Risk CLL

A study published by Brieghel et al in Blood Advances showed that among patients in Denmark who had slow-growing chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) with no symptoms and a low risk for ever needing treatment, those who stopped seeing their doctors for specialized follow-up had fewer hospital visits, ...

Leukemia
Geriatric Oncology

Older Patients With AML: Does Stem Cell Transplant Improve Long-Term Outcomes?

Nearly 21,000 new cases of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are diagnosed each year in the United States, about 80% of which occur in individuals aged 60 years and older. The cancer has the highest mortality rate among the different types of leukemia, and, in 2024, it is predicted that about 11,220...

Leukemia

Inotuzumab Ozogamicin for Relapsed or Refractory Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

On March 6, 2024, inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa) was approved for pediatric patients aged 1 year or older with relapsed or refractory CD22-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in the ITCC-059 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

IKZF1 Genetic Variant May Contribute to Disparities in Risk of ALL in Pediatric Hispanic and Latino Patients

A genetic variant located on the IKZF1 gene may be responsible for disparities in the risk of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) among Hispanic and Latino children, according to a recent study published by de Smith et al in Cell Genomics. The findings offer insights into the causes of the disease...

Leukemia

Stopping TKI Treatment in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In a report in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Francois-Xavier Mahon, MD, PhD, and colleagues provided the final analysis of the European Stop Kinase Inhibitors (EURO-SKI) study. The trial evaluated the effect of stopping tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment in patients with chronic myeloid...

Leukemia

FLT3-ITD–Mutated AML: Gilteritinib in Posttransplantation Maintenance

In the phase III MORPHO trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mark J. Levis, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the FLT3 inhibitor gilteritinib showed activity as post–allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) maintenance among patients with FLT3-ITD–mutated acute myeloid...

Leukemia

Venetoclax in Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Kater et al, the phase IIIb VENICE-1 trial has shown activity of venetoclax monotherapy in adult patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia, including those with prior B-cell receptor–associated kinase (BCR) inhibitor treatment. Study...

Cardio-oncology
Leukemia

Strategies for Cardiovascular Risk Mitigation and Monitoring in Patients With CLL

With a 5-year overall survival of close to 90% in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), there have been large treatment shifts over the past decade in this disease, which now includes “more disciplines than it did before,” commented medical oncologist Danielle Shafer, DO, of Inova Schar Cancer...

Leukemia

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Ponatinib With Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

On March 19, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the multitarget kinase inhibitor (Iclusig) with chemotherapy for adult patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PhALLCON Efficacy was evaluated in...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Accelerated Approval Granted to First CAR T-Cell Therapy for Relapsed or Refractory CLL/SLL

On March 14, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to lisocabtagene maraleucel (Breyanzi), a CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy, for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or small...

Leukemia

Zanubrutinib vs Acalabrutinib in Relapsed or Refractory CLL: New Efficacy Analysis

A new matching adjusted indirect comparison of the efficacy of zanubrutinib vs acalabrutinib in relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) based on data from the phase III ALPINE and ASCEND trials was presented by Shadman et al at the 28th Annual International Congress on Hematologic ...

Leukemia

FDA Approves Inotuzumab Ozogamicin for Pediatric Patients With ALL

On March 6, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the CD22-targeted antibody-drug conjugate inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa) for pediatric patients aged 1 year and older with relapsed or refractory CD22-positive B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Study WI203581...

Leukemia

Novel CD123-Targeting Antibody-Drug Conjugate in Relapsed or Refractory AML

In a phase I/II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Naval Daver, MD, and colleagues found that  pivekimab sunirine (IMGN632), a novel CD123-targeting antibody-drug conjugate, showed activity in patients with CD123-positive relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Study Details...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
COVID-19

COVID-19 Risk in Pediatric Patients Receiving Treatment for Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia or Lymphoma

In a retrospective case series reported in JAMA Network Open, Hashmi et al found that more than one-third of pediatric patients receiving treatment for newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoblastic lymphoma (ALL/LL) developed COVID-19 infection during a recent 2-year period. Study...

Leukemia

All-Oral Regimen Feasible and Effective in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Study Finds

An all-oral regimen for newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) was shown to be “highly effective and safe,” eliminating the need for chemotherapy altogether in many patients, Hong Kong researchers reported at the 2023 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting &...

Leukemia

PEGasparaginase Dosing and Risk of Hypersensitivity Reactions in Pediatric ALL

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, van der Sluis et al found that continuous dosing of PEGasparaginase was associated with a significantly reduced incidence of hypersensitivity reactions vs standard noncontinuous dosing in newly diagnosed pediatric patients with...

Leukemia

In NPM1-Mutated AML, Benefit of Transplant Limited to Patients With Residual Disease

In patients with NPM1-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML), the presence of molecular measurable residual disease (MRD) in the peripheral blood following induction chemotherapy can aid decision-making about postremission therapy. More specifically, MRD status in the peripheral blood can identify...

Leukemia

Crenolanib and Intensive Chemotherapy in Newly Diagnosed FLT3-Mutated AML

In a pilot study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eunice S. Wang, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of crenolanib and intensive chemotherapy produced high response rates in adults with newly diagnosed FLT3-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Crenolanib is a...

Leukemia

All-Oral Regimen Feasible and Effective in Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia, Study Finds

An all-oral regimen for newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) was shown to be “highly effective and safe,” eliminating the need for chemotherapy altogether in many patients, Hong Kong researchers reported at the 2023 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting &...

Leukemia

Azacitidine, Venetoclax, and Gilteritinib in Newly Diagnosed and Relapsed or Refractory FLT3-Mutated AML

In a single-center phase I/II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nicholas J. Short, MD, and colleagues found that treatment with azacitidine, venetoclax, and gilteritinib produced a high response rate in newly diagnosed patients with FLT3-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML);...

Leukemia
Hematologic Malignancies
Issues in Oncology

BTK Degrader May Target Treatment Resistance in Patients With CLL

Researchers have identified a next-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) degrader that could help patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and related hematologic malignancies overcome treatment resistance, according to a recent study published by Montoya et al in Science. The findings...

Leukemia

Intensified vs Standard Induction in Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed AML

In a UK trial (NCRI AML19) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Russell et al found that intensified induction therapy with FLAG-Ida (fludarabine, cytarabine, granulocyte colony–stimulating factor, and idarubicin) plus gemtuzumab ozogamicin did not improve overall survival in younger...

Leukemia

Study Examines Real-World Outcomes With Ivosidenib vs Venetoclax in Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In a comparison of real-world outcomes for two common first-line regimens for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1), treatment with the IDH1-targeted agent ivosidenib plus a hypomethylating agent was associated with better outcomes than venetoclax plus a...

Leukemia

Expert Point of View: Paul J. Hampel, MD

Paul J. Hampel, MD, a hematologist/oncologist at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, underscored the complexity of this arm of the adaptive FLAIR trial, which compared measurable residual disease (MRD)-directed ibrutinib plus venetoclax with standard, fixed-duration, FCR (fludarabine,...

Leukemia

Personalized Ibrutinib-Plus-Venetoclax Therapy: New Treatment Standard for Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia?

A time-limited approach based on measurable residual disease (MRD) response could signal a potential paradigm shift for front-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to data presented at the 2023 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition1 and...

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