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Leukemia

Acute Myeloid Leukemia World Awareness Day 2021: April 21

After a great response to Acute Myeloid Leukemia World Awareness Day (AML WAD) in 2020, Know AML looks forward to commemorating AML WAD in 2021. AML WAD will take place on April 21, 2021, with the aim to facilitate and improve knowledge of AML worldwide through collaborative participation. Know AML ...

Leukemia
Multiple Myeloma
COVID-19

Recent Studies Explore Efficacy of COVID-19 Vaccination in Patients With Leukemia and Myeloma

Two new studies published in the journal Blood suggest that the BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine may have reduced efficacy in individuals with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and multiple myeloma. According to researchers, these studies could help inform the ideal time for vaccination of these...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Certain Genetic Mutations May Increase Risk of Death From Infection in Patients With CLL

Death from infection—the leading cause of death for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)—may be linked to specific gene mutations, according to results from a study published by Else et al in the journal Leukemia. Testing for these mutations could be used to identify patients at a...

Leukemia

RARA Agonist Plus Azacitidine Shows Encouraging Activity in Relapsed/Refractory AML

The novel agentSY-1425 combined with azacitidine appears to be active in retinoic acid receptor alpha (RARA) superenhancer–positive newly diagnosed and relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to the results of a phase II trial presented at the 2020 American Society of...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Follow-up of Children and Young Adults With B-Cell ALL Treated With CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy

In a long-term follow-up of a National Cancer Institute (NCI) phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nirali N. Shah, MD, and colleagues found that autologous CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation can...

Leukemia

Risk of Leukemia in Pediatric Patients With Down Syndrome

In a recent study reported by Marlow et al in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers assessed the risk of leukemia in children with Down syndrome. Their findings pointed to stronger-than-expected associations between Down syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Down syndrome is one of the most...

leukemia
lymphoma

Jennifer R. Brown, MD, PhD, on Managing Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

Jennifer R. Brown, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses treatment choices for patients with relapsed or refractory CLL/SLL, when to stop therapy due to adverse events, BTK inhibitors and their second-generation counterparts, the need for ways to manage disease progression on novel drugs, and minimal residual disease as a predictor of response.

Leukemia

Diet and Exercise Intervention May Increase Efficacy of Chemotherapy in Pediatric Patients With Leukemia

Research published by Orgel et al in the journal Blood Advances showed that restricting calories, reducing fat and sugar intake, and increasing physical activity may boost the effectiveness of chemotherapy for older children and adolescents with leukemia. This intervention, which improved...

Leukemia

Addition of Pegaspargase Intensification to Standard Low-Intensity Chemotherapy Backbone in Pediatric Low-Risk B-Cell ALL

In an analysis from the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AALL0331 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mattano et al found that the addition of pegaspargase intensification did not improve the high rate of continuous complete remission achieved with a standard COG low-intensity...

leukemia

Alexander E. Perl, MD, on Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Treatment Updates

Alexander E. Perl, MD, of the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania, discusses the major changes in 2021 to the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology for managing acute myeloid leukemia, including venetoclax plus azacitidine, a new standard of care in patients ineligible for intensive induction; oral azacitidine maintenance in fit patients unable to complete intensive consolidation chemotherapy or proceed to transplant; and an increased focus on minimal residual disease status post-induction.

Leukemia

FDA Approves New Indication for Daunorubicin/Cytarabine: Secondary AML in Pediatric Patients

On March 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a revised label for the combination of daunorubicin and cytarabine (Vyxeos) to include a new indication to treat newly diagnosed therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or AML with myelodysplasia-related changes (AML-MRC) in...

Leukemia

Groundbreaking Cancer Researcher Brian J. Druker, MD, Shows No Signs of Slowing Down

For this installment of the Living a Full Life series, guest editor Jame Abraham, MD, spoke with physician-scientist Brian J. Druker, MD, Director of the Knight Cancer Institute at Oregon Health & Science University, Portland. In 2009, Dr. Druker won the Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma

Noncovalent BTK Inhibitor Pirtobrutinib in Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Malignancies

In the phase I/II BRUIN trial reported in The Lancet, Anthony R. Mato, MD, and colleagues found that the noncovalent Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor pirtobrutinib produced durable responses in patients with relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies, including those previously treated with ...

Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Genomics/Genetics

Whole-Genome Sequencing vs Cytogenetic Analysis in Myeloid Cancers

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Duncavage et al found that whole-genome sequencing in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) provided rapid genomic profiling that improved diagnostic yield vs conventional cytogenetic analysis, as...

Leukemia

Study Identifies Factors That May Lower the Risk of CNS Relapse in Pediatric Patients With ALL

Starting chemotherapy several days before the first lumbar puncture for diagnosis and treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) may reduce the risk of central nervous system (CNS) relapse in children, according to a study published by Tang et al in the journal Blood. The research focused on...

Leukemia

Responses to Conjugate Pneumococcal Vaccine in Patients With Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In an Italian study reported in Leukemia, Mauro et al found that only a small minority of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) developed an adequate immune response to pneumococcal vaccination, with response being more likely in patients who were younger, had previously untreated and...

Leukemia

Studies Provide Guidance on the Use of Blinatumomab in Pediatric Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Monotherapy with blinatumomab as consolidation therapy before allogeneic stem cell transplant appears to be the optimal treatment for children with high-risk first-relapse B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), according to an international phase III trial that compared this approach...

Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Genomics/Genetics

Eprenetapopt Plus Azacitidine in TP53-Mutated MDS and AML

In a Groupe Francophone des Myélodysplasies phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cluzeau et al found that the combination of eprenetapopt and azacitidine produced high response rates in previously untreated patients with high-risk TP53-mutated myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) ...

Leukemia

Preclinical Research Shows Activity of Fidaxomicin Combination Therapy in MLL-AML

A specific type of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that contains a rearrangement in the MLL gene (also known as KMT2A) might be made more sensitive to chemotherapy using an antibiotic currently available to treat diarrhea, according to new research published by Zeisig et al in Science Translational...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Genome-Edited Donor-Derived Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy Is Active in B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Pooled results of two phase I studies, reported in The Lancet by Reuben Benjamin, MBBS, of the Department of Haematological Medicine, King’s College Hospital, London, and colleagues, indicate that the genome-edited donor-derived allogeneic anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product...

Leukemia

Novel Approaches in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

To complement The ASCO Post’s continued comprehensive coverage of the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapeutic approaches in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). For full...

Leukemia

Chemotherapy-Induced ‘Dormancy’ in AML Allows Cancer Cell Survival, May Contribute to Relapse

Researchers have identified a cellular resilience mechanism through which acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells survive cancer treatment and repopulate, leading to disease relapse. The research, published by Cihangir Duy, PhD, MS, and colleagues in Cancer Discovery, also suggests that certain drugs...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Treatment With LOXO-305 Results in Durable Efficacy in Heavily Pretreated Patients With CLL/SLL

Despite the marked efficacy of ibrutinib, acalabrutinib, and venetoclax in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), treatment failure can occur through the development of resistance. In addition, patients in whom Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors and BCL2...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Novel Therapies and New Indications for Use in Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies

Selinexor: On December 18, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved selinexor (Xpovio) in combination with bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy. Venetoclax: On October 16,...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Chemotherapy Plus Blinatumomab for Philadelphia Chromosome–Negative B-Cell ALL

Results from a phase II study presented by Nicholas J. Short, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition showed that first-line treatment with a regimen of chemotherapy combined with the monoclonal antibody blinatumomab resulted in increased...

Leukemia
Issues in Oncology

Study Finds Survival Disparities and Mutational Differences for Black Patients Younger Than 60 With AML

It has been well documented that, collectively, Black individuals have the highest death rates and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers. Black men also have the highest cancer incidence.1 Although the causes of these inequities are complex and include...

Leukemia

Study Finds Asciminib Safer, More Effective Than Bosutinib in Chronic-Phase CML

Since the introduction of imatinib almost 18 years ago, similar next-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been approved for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), including dasatinib, nilotinib, bosutinib, and ponatinib. These drugs attack a similar target, making it more likely that resistance to...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020 Meeting Highlights

The world of hematologic malignancies continues to move forward at a robust pace despite the challenges of the COVID era. Although some areas of clinical trials and basic research suffered short-term stoppages or delays due to the pandemic, the studies presented at the 2020 American Society of...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Genetic Mutations Linked to Worse B-Cell ALL Outcomes in Pediatric Hispanic and Latino Patients

A combination of genetic mutations may explain the higher incidence of and poorer outcomes from pediatric leukemia in Hispanic and Latino patients, according to a new study published by Raca et al in the journal Leukemia. Researchers said a novel therapeutic drug combination—as well as testing for...

Leukemia
Symptom Management
COVID-19

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Designations in CML and for Cachexia, EUA for COVID-19

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a Breakthrough Therapy designation to asciminib for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML); a Breakthrough Device designation to an assay designed to help select patients with cachexia for treatment with an investigational therapeutic; and an...

Leukemia

Improvement in Patient-Reported Outcomes After Stopping Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In the prospective LAST study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ehab Atallah, MD, and Kathryn Flynn, PhD, of the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and colleagues, found that stopping tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was associated with the...

Leukemia

MURANO Trial: Venetoclax Plus Rituximab Achieves Durable Progression-Free Survival in Resistant CLL

Patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treated with the combination of fixed-duration venetoclax/rituximab had a longer overall survival and progression-free survival at 5 years compared with those treated with bendamustine/rituximab, according to a 5-year analysis...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Preemptive Tocilizumab for Cytokine-Release Syndrome in Pediatric Patients With B-Cell ALL Receiving CAR T-Cell Therapy

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kadauke et al found that risk-adapted tocilizumab reduced the expected incidence of grade 4 cytokine-release syndrome in pediatric patients receiving CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell...

Leukemia

Expert Point of View: Marlise Luskin, MD

Commenting on this trial, Marlise Luskin, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, explained that the treatment of AML in older adults remains a particular challenge for leukemia clinicians. “Although many older patients eligible for intensive induction chemotherapy achieve complete remission,...

Leukemia

Oral Azacitidine Is Noninferior to Placebo for Health-Related Quality of Life in AML

Health-related quality of life was sustained in patients taking oral azacitidine (also known as CC-486) compared with placebo in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to results of the phase III QUAZAR AML-001 trial reported at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual...

Leukemia

Reduced Frequency of Vincristine/Dexamethasone Pulses in Maintenance Therapy for Pediatric Patients With Average-Risk B-Cell ALL

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Angiolillo et al, findings from the phase III Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AALL0932 trial indicated that “outstanding outcomes” can be achieved with maintenance therapy with a reduced frequency of vincristine/dexamethasone pulses in pediatric...

Leukemia

Maintenance Oral Azacitidine for Patients With AML in First Remission: QUAZAR AML-001 Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III QUAZAR AML-001 trial has shown prolonged overall survival with oral azacitidine maintenance therapy vs placebo in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first remission. The oral...

Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Intensified Reduced-Intensity Conditioning for Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in AML or MDS

In the phase II FIGARO trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Craddock et al found that intensified reduced-intensity conditioning with fludarabine/amsacrine/cytarabine–busulfan (FLAMSA-Bu) did not improve outcomes following allogeneic stem cell transplantation vs standard...

leukemia
genomics/genetics

Sara Zarnegar-Lumley, MD, on AML: Prognostic Effects of IDH Mutations

Sara Zarnegar-Lumley, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses an analysis of a large cohort confirming the age-associated prevalence of IDH mutations in patients, across the age spectrum, with acute myeloid leukemia and therapeutic implications. IDH-mutated genes were found to co-occur frequently with other mutations, some of which favorably impact outcomes in patients younger than 60 (Abstract 388).

Leukemia

Three vs Four Courses of Chemotherapy in Younger Patients With AML

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Burnett et al, findings from the phase III MRC AML17 trial indicated that four courses of chemotherapy, compared to three courses, reduced the cumulative incidence of relapse and improved relapse-free survival, but not overall survival, in younger...

Leukemia

Total-Body Irradiation/Etoposide vs Chemotherapy Conditioning Before Stem Cell Transplant for Pediatric Patients With ALL

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Peters et al, the phase III FORUM trial showed superior overall survival with total-body irradiation plus etoposide vs combination chemoconditioning in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic...

leukemia
genomics/genetics

Christian Marinaccio, PhD Candidate: Genetic Driver May Play a Role in Progression of Myeloproliferative Neoplasms to AML

Christian Marinaccio, PhD Candidate, of Northwestern University, describes research he is conducting in the laboratory of John D. Crispino, PhD, which shows the loss of the tumor suppressor gene LKB1/STK11 facilitates progression of myeloproliferative neoplasms to acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 1).

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Use of a Novel CAR T-Cell Therapy in Pediatric and Adult Patients With Advanced B-Cell ALL

Pooled results of two phase I studies, reported in The Lancet by Benjamin et al, indicate that the genome-edited, donor-derived allogeneic anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product UCART19 is active and has a manageable toxicity profile in pediatric and adult patients with relapsed...

Leukemia
Palliative Care

Integrated Palliative and Oncology Care for Patients Receiving Treatment for AML

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Areej El-Jawahri, MD, and colleagues found that integrated palliative and oncology care was associated with better quality of life vs usual care among patients receiving treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The investigators stated, “Patients with AML...

Leukemia

Fixed-Duration First-Line Ibrutinib Plus Venetoclax Yields Treatment-Free Remission in Some Patients With CLL

The randomized phase II CAPTIVATE trial showed that a fixed-duration treatment approach with 12 cycles of ibrutinib and venetoclax as first-line therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) achieved a 30-month progression-free survival of more than 95% in patients with undetectable minimal...

Issues in Oncology
Leukemia

Disparities in Socioeconomic Status, Treatment Complications, and Obesity Impact Outcomes in Minority Patients With AML

A study by Ivy Abraham, MD, of the University of Illinois at Chicago, and colleagues, investigated the contribution of structural violence, specifically neighborhood socioeconomic status, on the racial/ethnic differences in the survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). They found that ...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Approves Rituximab-arrx, a Biosimilar to Rituximab

On December 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved rituximab-arrx (Riabni), a biosimilar to rituximab (Rituxan), for the treatment of adult patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis), and...

Leukemia

Study Finds Survival Disparities and Mutational Differences for Black Patients Younger Than 60 With AML

It has been well documented that, collectively, Black individuals have the highest death rates and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers. Black men also have the highest cancer incidence.1 Although the causes of these inequities are complex and include...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Nitin Jain, MD, on B-Cell ALL: Expert Perspective on Key CAR T-Cell Treatment Advances

Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, reviews six important abstracts on CAR T-cell treatments for B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): successful 24-hour manufacture of CAR T-cell therapy; ALLCAR19, a novel fast-off rate therapy; donor-derived CD19-targeted treatment; CAR 2.0 therapy to manage post-transplant relapse; UCART22, allogeneic engineered T cells expressing anti-CD22 chimeric antigen receptor; and inotuzumab ozogamicin in pediatric CD-22–positive disease (Session 614, Abstracts 159-164).

leukemia

Farhad Ravandi, MD, on AML: Novel Combination Therapies for Newly Diagnosed Disease

Farhad Ravandi, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers his expert perspective on key treatment studies in acute myeloid leukemia on the use of gilteritinib, consolidation chemotherapy, venetoclax, cladribine, azacitidine, quizartinib, decitabine, and CPX-351 (Session 616 [Abstracts 24- 29]).

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