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Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Genomics/Genetics

Eprenetapopt Plus Azacitidine in TP53-Mutated MDS and AML

In a Groupe Francophone des Myélodysplasies phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Cluzeau et al found that the combination of eprenetapopt and azacitidine produced high response rates in previously untreated patients with high-risk TP53-mutated myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) ...

Leukemia

Preclinical Research Shows Activity of Fidaxomicin Combination Therapy in MLL-AML

A specific type of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) that contains a rearrangement in the MLL gene (also known as KMT2A) might be made more sensitive to chemotherapy using an antibiotic currently available to treat diarrhea, according to new research published by Zeisig et al in Science Translational...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Genome-Edited Donor-Derived Anti-CD19 CAR T-Cell Therapy Is Active in B-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Pooled results of two phase I studies, reported in The Lancet by Reuben Benjamin, MBBS, of the Department of Haematological Medicine, King’s College Hospital, London, and colleagues, indicate that the genome-edited donor-derived allogeneic anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product...

Leukemia

Novel Approaches in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

To complement The ASCO Post’s continued comprehensive coverage of the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapeutic approaches in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). For full...

Leukemia

Chemotherapy-Induced ‘Dormancy’ in AML Allows Cancer Cell Survival, May Contribute to Relapse

Researchers have identified a cellular resilience mechanism through which acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells survive cancer treatment and repopulate, leading to disease relapse. The research, published by Cihangir Duy, PhD, MS, and colleagues in Cancer Discovery, also suggests that certain drugs...

Leukemia
Lymphoma

Treatment With LOXO-305 Results in Durable Efficacy in Heavily Pretreated Patients With CLL/SLL

Despite the marked efficacy of ibrutinib, acalabrutinib, and venetoclax in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL), treatment failure can occur through the development of resistance. In addition, patients in whom Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors and BCL2...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma

Novel Therapies and New Indications for Use in Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies

Selinexor: On December 18, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved selinexor (Xpovio) in combination with bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy. Venetoclax: On October 16,...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Chemotherapy Plus Blinatumomab for Philadelphia Chromosome–Negative B-Cell ALL

Results from a phase II study presented by Nicholas J. Short, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition showed that first-line treatment with a regimen of chemotherapy combined with the monoclonal antibody blinatumomab resulted in increased...

Leukemia
Issues in Oncology

Study Finds Survival Disparities and Mutational Differences for Black Patients Younger Than 60 With AML

It has been well documented that, collectively, Black individuals have the highest death rates and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers. Black men also have the highest cancer incidence.1 Although the causes of these inequities are complex and include...

Leukemia

Study Finds Asciminib Safer, More Effective Than Bosutinib in Chronic-Phase CML

Since the introduction of imatinib almost 18 years ago, similar next-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been approved for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), including dasatinib, nilotinib, bosutinib, and ponatinib. These drugs attack a similar target, making it more likely that resistance to...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020 Meeting Highlights

The world of hematologic malignancies continues to move forward at a robust pace despite the challenges of the COVID era. Although some areas of clinical trials and basic research suffered short-term stoppages or delays due to the pandemic, the studies presented at the 2020 American Society of...

Leukemia
Genomics/Genetics

Genetic Mutations Linked to Worse B-Cell ALL Outcomes in Pediatric Hispanic and Latino Patients

A combination of genetic mutations may explain the higher incidence of and poorer outcomes from pediatric leukemia in Hispanic and Latino patients, according to a new study published by Raca et al in the journal Leukemia. Researchers said a novel therapeutic drug combination—as well as testing for...

Leukemia
Symptom Management
COVID-19

FDA Pipeline: Breakthrough Designations in CML and for Cachexia, EUA for COVID-19

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a Breakthrough Therapy designation to asciminib for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML); a Breakthrough Device designation to an assay designed to help select patients with cachexia for treatment with an investigational therapeutic; and an...

Leukemia

Improvement in Patient-Reported Outcomes After Stopping Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Therapy for Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In the prospective LAST study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ehab Atallah, MD, and Kathryn Flynn, PhD, of the Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, and colleagues, found that stopping tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) was associated with the...

Leukemia

MURANO Trial: Venetoclax Plus Rituximab Achieves Durable Progression-Free Survival in Resistant CLL

Patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treated with the combination of fixed-duration venetoclax/rituximab had a longer overall survival and progression-free survival at 5 years compared with those treated with bendamustine/rituximab, according to a 5-year analysis...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Preemptive Tocilizumab for Cytokine-Release Syndrome in Pediatric Patients With B-Cell ALL Receiving CAR T-Cell Therapy

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kadauke et al found that risk-adapted tocilizumab reduced the expected incidence of grade 4 cytokine-release syndrome in pediatric patients receiving CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell...

Leukemia

Expert Point of View: Marlise Luskin, MD

Commenting on this trial, Marlise Luskin, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, explained that the treatment of AML in older adults remains a particular challenge for leukemia clinicians. “Although many older patients eligible for intensive induction chemotherapy achieve complete remission,...

Leukemia

Oral Azacitidine Is Noninferior to Placebo for Health-Related Quality of Life in AML

Health-related quality of life was sustained in patients taking oral azacitidine (also known as CC-486) compared with placebo in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to results of the phase III QUAZAR AML-001 trial reported at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual...

Leukemia

Reduced Frequency of Vincristine/Dexamethasone Pulses in Maintenance Therapy for Pediatric Patients With Average-Risk B-Cell ALL

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Angiolillo et al, findings from the phase III Children’s Oncology Group (COG) AALL0932 trial indicated that “outstanding outcomes” can be achieved with maintenance therapy with a reduced frequency of vincristine/dexamethasone pulses in pediatric...

Leukemia

Maintenance Oral Azacitidine for Patients With AML in First Remission: QUAZAR AML-001 Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Andrew H. Wei, MBBS, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III QUAZAR AML-001 trial has shown prolonged overall survival with oral azacitidine maintenance therapy vs placebo in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first remission. The oral...

Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

Intensified Reduced-Intensity Conditioning for Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation in AML or MDS

In the phase II FIGARO trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Craddock et al found that intensified reduced-intensity conditioning with fludarabine/amsacrine/cytarabine–busulfan (FLAMSA-Bu) did not improve outcomes following allogeneic stem cell transplantation vs standard...

leukemia
genomics/genetics

Sara Zarnegar-Lumley, MD, on AML: Prognostic Effects of IDH Mutations

Sara Zarnegar-Lumley, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses an analysis of a large cohort confirming the age-associated prevalence of IDH mutations in patients, across the age spectrum, with acute myeloid leukemia and therapeutic implications. IDH-mutated genes were found to co-occur frequently with other mutations, some of which favorably impact outcomes in patients younger than 60 (Abstract 388).

Leukemia

Three vs Four Courses of Chemotherapy in Younger Patients With AML

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Burnett et al, findings from the phase III MRC AML17 trial indicated that four courses of chemotherapy, compared to three courses, reduced the cumulative incidence of relapse and improved relapse-free survival, but not overall survival, in younger...

Leukemia

Total-Body Irradiation/Etoposide vs Chemotherapy Conditioning Before Stem Cell Transplant for Pediatric Patients With ALL

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Peters et al, the phase III FORUM trial showed superior overall survival with total-body irradiation plus etoposide vs combination chemoconditioning in pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic...

leukemia
genomics/genetics

Christian Marinaccio, PhD Candidate: Genetic Driver May Play a Role in Progression of Myeloproliferative Neoplasms to AML

Christian Marinaccio, PhD Candidate, of Northwestern University, describes research he is conducting in the laboratory of John D. Crispino, PhD, which shows the loss of the tumor suppressor gene LKB1/STK11 facilitates progression of myeloproliferative neoplasms to acute myeloid leukemia (Abstract 1).

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Use of a Novel CAR T-Cell Therapy in Pediatric and Adult Patients With Advanced B-Cell ALL

Pooled results of two phase I studies, reported in The Lancet by Benjamin et al, indicate that the genome-edited, donor-derived allogeneic anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell product UCART19 is active and has a manageable toxicity profile in pediatric and adult patients with relapsed...

Leukemia
Palliative Care

Integrated Palliative and Oncology Care for Patients Receiving Treatment for AML

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Areej El-Jawahri, MD, and colleagues found that integrated palliative and oncology care was associated with better quality of life vs usual care among patients receiving treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The investigators stated, “Patients with AML...

Leukemia

Fixed-Duration First-Line Ibrutinib Plus Venetoclax Yields Treatment-Free Remission in Some Patients With CLL

The randomized phase II CAPTIVATE trial showed that a fixed-duration treatment approach with 12 cycles of ibrutinib and venetoclax as first-line therapy for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) achieved a 30-month progression-free survival of more than 95% in patients with undetectable minimal...

Issues in Oncology
Leukemia

Disparities in Socioeconomic Status, Treatment Complications, and Obesity Impact Outcomes in Minority Patients With AML

A study by Ivy Abraham, MD, of the University of Illinois at Chicago, and colleagues, investigated the contribution of structural violence, specifically neighborhood socioeconomic status, on the racial/ethnic differences in the survival of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). They found that ...

Immunotherapy
Leukemia
Lymphoma

FDA Approves Rituximab-arrx, a Biosimilar to Rituximab

On December 17, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved rituximab-arrx (Riabni), a biosimilar to rituximab (Rituxan), for the treatment of adult patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis), and...

Leukemia

Study Finds Survival Disparities and Mutational Differences for Black Patients Younger Than 60 With AML

It has been well documented that, collectively, Black individuals have the highest death rates and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers. Black men also have the highest cancer incidence.1 Although the causes of these inequities are complex and include...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Nitin Jain, MD, on B-Cell ALL: Expert Perspective on Key CAR T-Cell Treatment Advances

Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, reviews six important abstracts on CAR T-cell treatments for B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL): successful 24-hour manufacture of CAR T-cell therapy; ALLCAR19, a novel fast-off rate therapy; donor-derived CD19-targeted treatment; CAR 2.0 therapy to manage post-transplant relapse; UCART22, allogeneic engineered T cells expressing anti-CD22 chimeric antigen receptor; and inotuzumab ozogamicin in pediatric CD-22–positive disease (Session 614, Abstracts 159-164).

leukemia

Farhad Ravandi, MD, on AML: Novel Combination Therapies for Newly Diagnosed Disease

Farhad Ravandi, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, offers his expert perspective on key treatment studies in acute myeloid leukemia on the use of gilteritinib, consolidation chemotherapy, venetoclax, cladribine, azacitidine, quizartinib, decitabine, and CPX-351 (Session 616 [Abstracts 24- 29]).

leukemia

Jorge E. Cortes, MD, on CML: Expert Perspective on Key ASH Abstracts

Jorge E. Cortes, MD, of the Georgia Cancer Center at Augusta University, reviews four important studies of treatment advances in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML): nilotinib vs dasatinib in newly diagnosed disease; final 5-year results from the BFORE trial on bosutinib vs imatinib for chronic phase (CP) CML; data from the OPTIC trial on ponatinib for CP-CML; and a novel class of mutated cancer-related genes associated with the Philadelphia translocation (Abstracts 45, 46, 48, 49).

leukemia

Hassan Awada, MD, on AML and Machine Learning: Improving Prognostication

Hassan Awada, MD, of the Taussig Cancer Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, discusses the use of newer machine-learning techniques to help decipher a set of prognostic subgroups that could predict survival, thus potentially improving on traditional methods and moving acute myeloid leukemia into the era of personalized medicine (Abstract 34).

Leukemia

What Is the Measure of Minimal Residual Disease in AML?

Relapse is the primary obstacle to cure in leukemia. The term minimal residual disease (MRD) was coined in the early 1990s to describe finding a disease-specific marker in the context of a morphologic-appearing remission. The technique first used for MRD detection was the Southern blot (!), but the ...

Leukemia

Meta-analysis Shows Superior Disease-Free and Overall Survival With Measurable Residual Disease Negativity in AML

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in JAMA Oncology, Nicholas J. Short, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues, found that measurable residual disease (MRD) negativity is associated with superior disease-free and overall survival in patients with...

Leukemia

Front-Line Nonchemotherapy Regimens May Improve Long-Term Outcomes in CLL

An assortment of agents has been approved in the United States for the first-line treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), and all of them are effective, explained Richard Furman, MD, of Weill-Cornell Medical College, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York. In the modern era, most patients ...

leukemia
lymphoma

Matthew S. Davids, MD, on CLL/SLL: New Data on Ibrutinib, Venetoclax, and Rituximab Therapies

Matthew S. Davids, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, summarizes three key studies from a session he co-moderated on ibrutinib plus venetoclax for first-line treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), long-term responses to these agents for relapsed and refractory CLL, and undetectable minimal residual disease following fixed-duration treatment with venetoclax and rituximab for CLL (Abstracts 123, 124, and 125).

leukemia
lymphoma

David T. Teachey, MD, on Pediatric Leukemia and Lymphoma: New Findings on Cranial Radiation and Bortezomib

David T. Teachey, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania and Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, discusses data showing that cranial radiation might be eliminated in most children with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia and that bortezomib may improve survival in children with T-cell lymphoblastic lymphoma (Abstract 266).

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Chemotherapy Plus Blinatumomab for Philadelphia Chromosome–Negative B-Cell ALL

Results from a phase II study presented by Nicholas J. Short, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition (Abstract 464) showed that first-line treatment with a regimen of chemotherapy combined with the monoclonal antibody blinatumomab...

Leukemia

Expert Point of View: David Snyder, MD

David Snyder, MD, Acting Chair, City of Hope Department of Hematology & Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, Duarte, California, who was not involved in the ASCEMBL study, commented on the promise of asciminib: “The hope is this drug would be able to overcome resistance to other tyrosine kinase...

Leukemia

ASH 2020: Study Finds Asciminib Safer, More Effective Than Bosutinib in Chronic Phase CML

Since the introduction of imatinib almost 18 years ago, similar next-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors have been approved for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), including dasatinib, nilotinib, bosutinib, and ponatinib. These drugs attack a similar target, making it more likely that resistance to...

Leukemia
Myelodysplastic Syndromes

ASH 2020: Role of Venetoclax in High-Risk Myeloid Malignancies

The BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax can be safely added to standard therapies for some high-risk myeloid blood cancers, and in early studies, the combination showed improved outcomes, according to two reports presented by Jacqueline S. Garcia, MD, and colleagues at the 2020 American Society of Hematology ...

leukemia

Curtis Lachowiez, MD, on AML: Venetoclax in Combination With Standard Intensive Induction/Consolidation Therapy

Curtis Lachowiez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses an interim analysis of a phase Ib/II study showing that venetoclax plus chemotherapy represents an effective regimen, particularly in patients with newly diagnosed and relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia. The regimen appears to be an effective bridge to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Abstract 332).

Leukemia

ASH 2020: Novel Antibody-Drug Conjugate Shows Activity in Rare, Aggressive Form of Leukemia

A phase I/II study found that IMGN632, a novel CD123-targeting antibody-drug conjugate, was tolerable and resulted in a 29% overall response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN), a rare but aggressive form of leukemia. Treatment with the...

issues in oncology
leukemia

Ann-Kathrin Eisfeld, MD, on AML in Black Patients: Racial Disparities in Survival Outcomes

Ann-Kathrin Eisfeld, MD, of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, discusses SEER data showing that patients with acute myeloid leukemia who are Black and younger than age 60 may have poor survival outcomes, a disparity that should be addressed and further studied to establish molecular risk profiles (Abstract 6).

Leukemia
Issues in Oncology

ASH 2020: Does Race Contribute to Poor Outcomes in Younger Black Patients Diagnosed With AML?

It has been well documented that, collectively, Black individuals have the highest death rate and shortest survival of any racial/ethnic group in the United States for most cancers. Black men also have the highest cancer incidence. Although the causes of these inequities are complex, a study by...

Leukemia
Issues in Oncology

ASH 2020: Study Examines Impact of Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status on Outcomes in Minority Patients With AML

Studies show that non-Hispanic Black and Hispanic patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) have higher mortality rates than non-Hispanic White patients diagnosed with the disease, despite lower rates of incidence, more favorable genetics, and a younger age at disease onset. A study by Abraham et...

Lymphoma
Leukemia
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Symptom Management
Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Agents in DLBCL, SCLC, AML, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued regulatory decisions for agents to treat diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), biliary tract cancer, and graft-vs-host disease. Priority Review for Loncastuximab Tesirine...

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