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leukemia
lymphoma

FDA Accepts New Drug Application, Grants Priority Review for Duvelisib in CLL/SLL and Follicular Lymphoma

On April 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted for filing with Priority Review a new drug application (NDA) for the oral agent duvelisib, a first-in-class, dual inhibitor of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-delta and PI3K-gamma. The NDA is seeking full approval for duvelisib in...

leukemia

Targeted Sequencing Detection of Molecular Minimal Residual Disease and Prognosis in AML

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Jongen-Lavrencic et al found that molecular minimal residual disease identified by next-generation sequencing during complete remission was associated with increased risk of relapse and mortality over 4 years of follow-up in patients with...

leukemia

FDA Accepts BLA for Moxetumomab Pasudotox in Hairy Cell Leukemia

On April 3, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a Biologics License Application (BLA) for moxetumomab pasudotox, an investigational anti-CD22 recombinant immunotoxin and a potential new medicine for the treatment of adult patients with hairy cell leukemia (HCL) who have received at ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. John C. Byrd, MD, of...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

FDA Expands Nilotinib Indication to Pediatric Patients With CML

On March 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication for nilotinib (Tasigna) to include treatment of first- and second-line pediatric patients 1 year of age or older with Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in the chronic phase. In the United ...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Venetoclax Plus Rituximab in Relapsed/Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In the phase III MURANO trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Seymour et al, the combination of the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax (Venclexta) with rituximab (Rituxan) markedly improved progression-free survival vs bendamustine plus rituximab in patients with relapsed or refractory...

leukemia
immunotherapy

FDA Expands Approval of Blinatumomab for Certain Patients With B-Cell Precursor ALL

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval to blinatumomab (Blincyto) to treat adults and children with B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who are in remission but still have minimal residual disease (MRD). In patients who have achieved remission after...

leukemia

IKZF1 Deletion–Based Gene Profile and Outcome in Pediatric B-Cell Precursor ALL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stanulla et al found that a gene profile including somatic deletions in the lymphoid transcription factor–coding gene IKZF1 and deletions in other genes was associated with minimal residual disease (MRD)-dependent very-poor prognosis...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Bijal D. Shah, MD, on What ALL Tells Us About CAR T Cells

Bijal D. Shah, MD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses key studies of CAR T-cell therapy in relapsed B-cell ALL and the adverse events that this treatment may cause.

Leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. John C. Byrd, MD, of The ...

leukemia

FDA Expands Nilotinib Indication to Pediatric Patients With CML

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) expanded the indication for nilotinib (Tasigna) to include treatment of first- and second-line pediatric patients 1 year of age or older with Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase. In the United...

leukemia

Ellin Berman, MD, on CML: Disease Management During Pregnancy

Ellin Berman, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the effects of TKI therapy on fetal development, its impact on pregnancy outcomes, and how to develop an effective treatment plan.

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Martin S. Tallman, MD, Joins Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation’s Scientific Advisory Board

The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation (SWCRF) announced that Martin S. Tallman, MD, Chief of Leukemia Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK), has joined its Scientific Advisory Board. Dr. Tallman, who will continue in his role at MSK, will join his fellow Scientific...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Trivalent CAR T-Cell Design May Enhance Antitumor Efficacy in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

A novel approach to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy seems to effectively target acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) cells with varying antigen profiles and may help to overcome antigen escape, seen with CD19-targeted therapy. According to data presented at the 2018 ASCO-SITC Clinical...

leukemia

Prognostic Factors for Complete Response to Ibrutinib in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

In an analysis of two pooled studies reported in JAMA Oncology, O’Brien et al found that a complete response to ibrutinib (Imbruvica) in the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukemia was more likely in patients receiving the agent as first-line therapy and in those without bulky disease....

leukemia

Patients With AML Have Reduced Risk of Early Mortality at NCI-Designated Cancer Centers

Researchers at the University of California (UC), Davis, have shown that patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who received their care at a National Cancer Institute (NCI) cancer center in California had a dramatically reduced risk of early mortality. Using data from the California Cancer...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

A River Runs Through the Life of a Leukemia Specialist

GUEST EDITOR Dr. Abraham is the Director of the Breast Oncology Program at Taussig Cancer Institute, and Professor of Medicine, Lerner College of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic.   MATT KALAYCIO, MD Affiliation: Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer InstituteOn balancing priorities: “As an oncologist in...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

FDA Accepts NDA, Grants Priority Review for Ivosidenib in Relapsed or Refractory IDH1-Mutated AML

On February 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application (NDA) for ivosidenib (AG-120) for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation. The NDA was granted Priority Review...

leukemia

Dasatinib for Pediatric Chronic Myeloid Leukemia in Chronic Phase

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gore et al, a phase II trial has shown high response rates with dasatinib treatment in pediatric patients with Philadelphia chromosome–positive (Ph+) chronic myeloid leukemia in chronic phase (CML-CP). Findings in the trial supported the...

Leukemia

Bosutinib in Newly Diagnosed Chronic-Phase Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On December 19, 2017, bosutinib (Bosulif) was granted...

leukemia

FDA Accepts BLA for Calaspargase Pegol in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

On February 28, Shire announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted the company’s biologics license application (BLA) for calaspargase pegol (Cal-PEG; SHP663). The investigational-stage compound is being reviewed as a component of a multiagent chemotherapeutic regimen...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Data Favoring Maintenance Therapy in Older Patients With AML Accumulate

The use of maintenance therapy in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is theoretically sensible, but its clinical value remains uncertain. The phase III HOVON97 randomized study demonstrated that maintenance therapy with the hypomethylating agent azacitidine may improve disease-free...

Leukemia

Guadecitabine in Treatment-Naive Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The results of a phase II trial have shown high activity of guadecitabine, a next-generation hypomethylating drug, in treatment-naive older patients with acute myeloid leukemia. The findings were reported in The Lancet Oncology by Hagop M. Kantarjian, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson...

leukemia

FDA Accepts NDA, Grants Priority Review for Ivosidenib in Relapsed or Refractory IDH1-Mutated AML

On February 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted a new drug application (NDA) for ivosidenib (AG-120) for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutation. The NDA was granted Priority Review...

leukemia
immunotherapy

FDA’s Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee to Review Potential New Use of Blinatumomab

On February 14, Amgen announced that the Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will review data supporting the supplemental biologics license application (sBLA) for blinatumomab (Blincyto) for the treatment of patients with minimal residual disease...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia

Enasidenib in IDH2-Mutant Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia

  On August 1, 2017, the IDH2 inhibitor enasidenib (Idhifa) was granted regular approval for treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 (IDH2) mutation as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Blinatumomab in Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Precursor ALL

On July 11, 2017, blinatumomab (Blincyto) was approved for the treatment of relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in adults and children.1,2 Blinatumomab received accelerated approval in December 2014 for the treatment of Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Updated Analysis of ELIANA Trial Shows Longer-Term Durable Remissions With Tisagenlecleucel in Children, Young Adults With Relapsed/Refractory ALL

Updated results from the ELIANA clinical trial of tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah), formerly CTL019, in relapsed or refractory pediatric and young adult patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have been published by Maude et al in The New England Journal of Medicine. New data include...

leukemia

Addition of Antibody-Drug Conjugate to Low-Intensity Chemotherapy in Older Patients With ALL

In a single-center phase II study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kantarjian et al found that the addition of inotuzumab ozogamicin (Besponsa) to low-intensity chemotherapy produced promising outcomes in older patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome–negative acute lymphoblastic ...

leukemia
immunotherapy

Kristen Fousek, PhD Candidate, on B-Cell ALL: CAR T-Cell Treatment

Kristen Fousek, PhD Candidate at Baylor College of Medicine, discusses her preclinical work on targeting CD19-negative relapsed B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, using CAR T cells that target three antigens simultaneously, a technique that addresses the growing problem of relapse (Abstract 121).

Leukemia

Against All Odds

The days leading up to our daughter Emily’s diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) on May 28, 2010, when she was just 5, offered few clues about the terrifying, life-and-death months and years we were about to experience. She was happy and seemingly healthy, literally until the day before...

Leukemia

FDA Approves Arsenic Trioxide With Tretinoin for First-Line Treatment of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia

ON JANUARY 15, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of arsenic trioxide (Trisenox) injection in combination with tretinoin for the treatment of adults with newly diagnosed low-risk acute promyelocytic leukemia whose disease is characterized by the presence of the...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Venetoclax Plus Rituximab Outperforms Standard Bendamustine Plus Rituximab in CLL

  Venetoclax (Venclexta) plus rituximab (Rituxan)—a non–chemotherapy-containing regimen—was superior to standard-of-care bendamustine plus rituximab for patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to a final analysis of the phase III MURANO study reported at...

leukemia

Effect of TP53 Germline Variations on Outcomes in Pediatric B-Cell ALL

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Qian et al found that loss-of-function germline TP53 variants increase the risk of childhood B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), as well as the risk of poorer response to therapy and second malignancies. Study Details In the study,...

leukemia

Arsenic Trioxide With Tretinoin for First-Line Treatment of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Approved by the FDA

On January 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of arsenic trioxide (Trisenox) injection in combination with tretinoin for the treatment of adults with newly-diagnosed low-risk acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) whose APL is characterized by the presence of the t(15;17)...

head and neck cancer
leukemia

Radioiodine Treatment of Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer and Hematologic Malignancy Risk

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Molenaar et al found that radioiodine treatment for well-differentiated thyroid cancer was associated with an increased risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) compared with thyroidectomy alone. Study Details ...

leukemia

Venetoclax in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Progressing After Ibrutinib

An interim analysis of a phase II trial reported by Jones et al in The Lancet Oncology indicates that venetoclax (Venclexta) produces a response in a high proportion of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia progressing on or after ibrutinib (Imbruvica) treatment. Study Details The study...

leukemia

FDA Updates Nilotinib Label With Information on Discontinuing Treatment in Certain Patients With Early-Phase CML After Sustained Response

On December 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) updated the product label for nilotinib (Tasigna) to include information for providers about how to discontinue the drug in certain patients. Nilotinib, first approved by the FDA in 2007, is indicated for the treatment of patients with...

Leukemia

Bosutinib for First-Line Use in Chronic Myeloid Leukemia: Is Three a Crowd?

BOSUTINIB ( BOSULIF) is the latest tyrosine kinase inhibitor that has shown a superior molecular response profile when compared with imatinib.1,2 An orally available dual SRC/ABL1 inhibitor, the drug was shown in preclinical studies to have a potent inhibitory activity against BCR-ABL1 and minimal ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Leukemia

Reports From the Journal of Clinical Oncology

Immunotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Advanced Cervical Cancer Pembrolizumab (Keytruda) treatment was active in patients with programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)–positive advanced cervical cancer enrolled in the phase Ib KEYNOTE-028 trial. The findings were reported by Jean-Sebastien Frenel, MD, of...

Leukemia

Phase II Data for Venetoclax/Ibrutinib Combination in Relapsed or Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

THE COMBINATION of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) plus venetoclax (Venclexta) achieved favorable responses in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to initial results of the phase II CLARITY trial presented at the 2017 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual ...

Leukemia

Bosutinib Improves Response Rate vs Imatinib as First-Line Treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

IN THE PHASE III BFORE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jorge E. Cortes, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues, the SRC/ABL kinase inhibitor bosutinib (Bosulif) improved response rates vs imatinib in the first-line treatment of patients with...

leukemia
lymphoma

ICER Releases Draft Evidence Report on CAR T-Cell Therapy for B-Cell Cancers

On December 19, the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) released a Draft Evidence Report assessing the comparative clinical effectiveness and value of tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) and axicabtagene ciloleucel (Yescarta). The draft report, along with draft voting...

leukemia

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Bosutinib for Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive CML

On December 19, 2017, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to bosutinib (Bosulif) for treatment of patients with newly diagnosed chronic-phase Philadelphia chromosome–positive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). BFORE Trial Approval was based on data from ...

leukemia

ASH 2017: Dasatinib Plus Standard Chemotherapy Demonstrates 3-Year Survival Benefit in Pediatric Patients With Philadelphia Chromosome–Positive ALL

At the 59th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, Hunger et al presented data from the phase II CA180-372 study in pediatric patients with newly diagnosed Philadelphia chromosome–positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) treated with dasatinib (Sprycel) added ...

leukemia

ASH 2017: MURANO Trial: Venetoclax Found Superior to Standard Chemotherapy When Combined With Rituximab in CLL

In the phase III MURANO trial, treatment with the targeted cancer drug venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with rituximab (Rituxan) more than doubled the likelihood that patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) would survive for 2 years without cancer progression, compared to treatment...

hematologic malignancies
leukemia
lymphoma
multiple myeloma

ASH 2017: People Aged 75 Years and Older Are Underrepresented in Blood Cancer Clinical Trials

In the first comprehensive analysis of clinical trial enrollment among older adults with blood cancers, researchers from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) found significant gaps in participation among those aged 75 and older when considered against the incidence of these malignancies in...

leukemia

John F. Seymour, MBBS, PhD, on CLL: Results From the MURANO Study

John F. Seymour, MBBS, PhD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses an interim analysis of venetoclax plus rituximab vs bendamustine plus rituximab in patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract LBA-2).

leukemia

Nitin Jain, MD, on CLL: Results From a Venetoclax/Ibrutinib Trial

Nitin Jain, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase II study results on combined venetoclax and ibrutinib for patients with previously untreated high-risk and relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (Abstract 429).

leukemia

ASH 2017: CLARITY Trial: Combination Treatment With Two Targeted Agents Shows Promise in Previously Treated CLL

One-third of patients with previously treated chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) had no detectable disease after 6 months of combination therapy with the targeted agents ibrutinib (Imbruvica) and venetoclax (Venclexta), with no increase in the occurrence of tumor-lysis syndrome, a serious treatment ...

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