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Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Real-World Survival Outcomes With Targeted Therapy for Intracranial Metastatic Disease

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Erickson et al found that real-world use of targeted therapy after diagnosis of intracranial metastatic disease was associated with improved overall survival vs no use of targeted therapy in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer,...

Issues in Oncology
Bladder Cancer
Lung Cancer
Skin Cancer

Inclusion of Patients With Brain Metastases in Phase III Trials in Advanced Breast Cancer, Lung Cancer, and Melanoma

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Corbett et al found that the majority of phase III trials investigating systemic therapy in patients with advanced lung cancer, breast cancer, and melanoma over the past 20 years have excluded or restricted enrollment of those with brain...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Omid Hamid, MD, Discusses RELATIVITY-047

Omid Hamid, MD, Chief of Translational Research/Immuno-Oncology at The Angeles Clinic & Research Institute, Los Angeles, and Co-Director of the Cutaneous Malignancy Program at Cedars-Sinai Cancer Institute, shared his thoughts on the RELATIVITY-047 study1 for The ASCO Post, referring to them as ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Targeting LAG-3 and PD-1 With Relatlimab and Nivolumab: A New Option Under Study in Advanced Melanoma

Immune checkpoint inhibition has been established as an effective treatment for patients with metastatic melanoma. A novel immunotherapeutic combination—this one targeting the LAG-3 (lymphocyte-activation gene 3) and PD-1 immune checkpoints—delayed time to disease progression significantly more...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

High-Dose Interferon or Ipilimumab vs Pembrolizumab for High-Risk Resected Melanoma

Patients with high-risk melanoma who had a course of pembrolizumab had longer recurrence-free survival than patients who received either ipilimumab or high-dose interferon after surgery. These findings of a large SWOG Cancer Research Network clinical trial, S1404, were presented by Grossmann et al...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Extended Follow-up of Nivolumab/Ipilimumab for Metastatic Melanoma

In the longest follow-up results from a clinical trial of combination immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma, investigators report that nearly half the patients who received the drugs nivolumab and ipilimumab were alive at a median of 6.5 years after treatment. These long-term results from the...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Evan J. Lipson, MD, on Melanoma: Relatlimab and Nivolumab in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Disease

Evan J. Lipson, MD, of Johns Hopkins University, discusses primary phase III results from the RELATIVITY-047 study, which showed that relatlimab plus nivolumab as a fixed-dose combination may improve progression-free survival compared with nivolumab monotherapy in patients with advanced melanoma. This is the first study to demonstrate a benefit from dual inhibition of the LAG-3 and PD-1 pathways.

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Cemiplimab-rwlc for Patients With Locally Advanced Basal Cell Carcinoma After Hedgehog Inhibitor Therapy

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Stratigos et al, findings in a subgroup of a phase II trial have shown that the PD-1 antibody cemiplimab-rwlc produces enduring responses in patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma who had progressive disease on or intolerance to prior hedgehog...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Ipilimumab Plus Anti–PD-1 Therapy vs Ipilimumab Alone for Patients With Advanced Melanoma Resistant to Anti–PD-1/PD-L1 Monotherapy

In a retrospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, da Silva et al found that better outcomes were achieved with the combination of an anti–PD-1 agent plus ipilimumab vs ipilimumab alone in patients with advanced melanoma who were resistant to prior anti–PD-1 or anti–PD-L1 ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab/Relatlimab vs Nivolumab Alone for Advanced Melanoma

Treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapy nivolumab plus the LAG-3–blocking antibody relatlimab extended time to disease progression for patients with previously untreated, unresectable, or metastatic melanoma. Findings from the RELATIVITY-047 trial were presented by Evan J. Lipson, MD, and colleagues...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Stefania Scala, MD

Formal discussant Stefania Scala, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori IRCCS Fondazione Pascale, Naples, was impressed by the findings of KEYNOTE-629. “The second interim analysis for the locally advanced disease cohort and updated data for the recurrent/metastatic disease cohort of KEYNOTE-629 had ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Single-Agent Pembrolizumab Yields High Response Rates in Patients With Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Single-agent pembrolizumab achieved durable responses and promising survival in patients with locally advanced or recurrent/metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, according to the second interim analysis of the phase II ­KEYNOTE-629 study, which was presented at the virtual American...

Skin Cancer

Lifileucel for Patients With Previously Treated Metastatic Melanoma

In a cohort of a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Amod A. Sarnaik, MD, and colleagues found that the tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte therapy lifileucel produced durable responses in patients with metastatic melanoma previously treated with checkpoint inhibitors and BRAF-...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Mutational Profile of Acral Nevi May Differ From Acral Melanoma

Melanocytic nevi are nonmalignant growths that arise from pigment-producing cells of the skin. They are mostly found in sun-exposed areas; however, they also can be found in sun-protected areas, such as the palms, soles of the feet, and nail beds, where they are known as acral nevi. While the...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Pembrolizumab/Ipilimumab After Disease Progression on PD-1/PD-L1 Inhibitor Therapy in Advanced Melanoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Olson et al found that pembrolizumab plus low-dose ipilimumab produced durable responses in patients with advanced melanoma whose disease had progressed on immediate prior PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor therapy. Study Details In the U.S....

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Finds Adjuvant Immunotherapy of Benefit to Patients With Stage IIB/C Melanoma

A significant survival advantage accrued to patients with stage IIB and IIC cutaneous melanoma who received adjuvant immunotherapy, a large retrospective cohort study reported at the Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care.1 The 3-year overall...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Alexander Eggermont, MD, PhD

Formal discussant of CheckMate 915, Alexander Eggermont, MD, PhD, Chief Scientific Officer at the Princess Máxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, Utrecht, Netherlands, suggested that the lower doses of ipilimumab used in the current study may explain the lack of effect on relapse-free survival. The...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Comparing Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Nivolumab Alone in Resected Stage III to IV Melanoma

The addition of ipilimumab to nivolumab failed to improve outcomes compared with nivolumab alone as adjuvant therapy for resected melanoma, according to the results of the CheckMate 915 trial, presented at the virtual edition of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting...

Skin Cancer

Expert Point of View: Caroline Robert, MD

This is the first randomized trial that is positive for overall survival in uveal melanoma, and I’m very excited about the results, which I consider seminal and practice-changing,” said formal discussant Caroline Robert, MD, of Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. “This is such a rare tumor, but it...

Skin Cancer

Tebentafusp Shows Overall Survival Benefit in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

Treatment with tebentafusp—a novel bispecific fusion protein—reduced the risk of death from metastatic uveal melanoma by half, compared with available treatments, in a phase III study presented at the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2021.1 This is the first...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Health-Related Quality of Life With Adjuvant Pembrolizumab vs Placebo in Resected Stage III Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Andrew Bottomley, PhD, and colleagues, an analysis of the phase III EORTC 1325-MG/KEYNOTE-054 trial showed no clinically significant decline in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) with adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo in resected high-risk stage III...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Cemiplimab-rwlc for Locally Advanced and Metastatic Basal Cell Carcinoma

On February 9, 2021, cemiplimab-rwlc was granted regular approval for the treatment of patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC) who were previously treated with a Hedgehog pathway inhibitor or for whom this type of therapy is not appropriate and granted accelerated approval for...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Improvement in Survival With Adjuvant Pembrolizumab for Resected Stage III Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, and colleagues, the pivotal phase III EORTC 1325/KEYNOTE-054 trial has shown significant improvement in the secondary endpoint of distant metastasis–free survival—as well as continued benefit in the primary endpoint of...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Nivolumab Alone

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, of the Melanoma Institute Australia, University of Sydney, discusses results of the CheckMate 915 trial, which may reinforce nivolumab as an adjuvant standard of care in patients with stage IIIB–D/IV melanoma, with or without complete lymphadenectomy (Abstract CT004).

Pancreatic Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Estimated Shifts in Cancer Incidence and Death Over Next 2 Decades

In the next 2 decades, rankings of incidence and death across cancer types in the United States will undergo important changes, according to new research published by Lola Rahib, PhD, and colleagues in JAMA Network Open. The study estimates that pancreatic cancer is on course to become the...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Tumor Mutational Burden as Predictor of Immune Response: Variance Between Female and Male Patients With Melanoma

Tumor mutational burden (TMB) was an accurate predictor of response to treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors for female patients with melanoma, but not for male patients, according to results of a study presented by Sinha et al during the virtual American Association for Cancer Research...

kidney cancer
skin cancer

Samra Turajlic, MBBS, PhD, on Understanding Metastatic Disease in Renal Cancer and Melanoma

Samra Turajlic, MBBS, PhD, of The Francis Crick Institute, discusses our limited understanding of metastases in terms of the timing of dissemination, the many metastatic phenotypes and varieties of seeding, as well as how the spread of cancer evades the immune system and resists treatment. Expanding this knowledge base is critical to better managing malignant disease.

skin cancer

Jessica C. Hassel, MD, on Uveal Melanoma: Comparing Tebentafusp With Standard Therapies

Jessica C. Hassel, MD, of University Hospital Heidelberg, discusses phase III results of a study that compared tebentafusp, a bispecific fusion protein, with investigator’s choice in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma. Tebentafusp nearly halved the risk of death among patients in the trial with this rare eye cancer (Abstract CT002).

Skin Cancer

Tebentafusp: First Treatment to Improve Overall Survival in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

Treatment with tebentafusp, a novel bispecific fusion protein, reduced the risk of death from metastatic uveal melanoma at 14 months by half, compared with available treatments, in a phase III study presented by Piperno-Neumann et al at the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)...

Skin Cancer

Unselected Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Therapy for Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma

Treatment with unselected autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) showed early clinical efficacy among patients with advanced melanoma, according to results presented by Hawkins et al during week 1 of the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2021 (Abstract ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Adverse Events in Patients With Melanoma Treated With Ipilimumab: Results of a Toxicity Monitoring Program

In a single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Menjak et al found that a nurse-led telephone surveillance program for toxicity associated with ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma led to earlier identification of toxicities and earlier intervention, with an apparent...

skin cancer

April K. Salama, MD, on Managing Melanoma Brain Metastases

April K. Salama, MD, of Duke Cancer Institute, discusses the shift in recent years, as more effective therapies have become available, toward integrating systemic upfront treatment of patients with brain metastases from cutaneous melanoma; pivotal studies that have provided key data; and the need for a multidisciplinary approach incorporating medical, surgical, and radiation oncology.

Skin Cancer

Screening and Education in Melanoma-Prone Families May Improve Early Detection of Disease

Among patients at high risk of melanoma, those who received routine skin cancer screening and education about skin self-exams were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with thinner and earlier-stage melanomas, according to results published by Michael Sargen, MD, and colleagues in Cancer...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Chronic Immune-Related Adverse Events Associated With Adjuvant Immunotherapy for Advanced Melanoma

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Patrinely et al found that chronic immune-related adverse events occurred in a high proportion of patients receiving adjuvant PD-1–targeted therapy for high-risk resected melanoma and frequently persisted even during prolonged follow-up....

Skin Cancer

Surgical Management of Melanoma With the Advent of Adjuvant Systemic Therapy

The results of a large cohort study suggest that a proportion of patients with cutaneous melanoma could potentially avoid sentinel node biopsy, according to data presented by Moncrieff et al at the Society of Surgical Oncology 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care (Abstract 59)....

skin cancer

Susan M. Swetter, MD, on Molecular Testing for Cutaneous Melanoma

Susan M. Swetter, MD, of Stanford Cancer Institute, discusses molecular prognostic tests for cutaneous melanoma, which may improve staging accuracy, reduce unnecessary sentinel lymph node biopsies, and inform decisions on surveillance imaging and/or adjuvant therapy.

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Utilization and Survival Benefit of Adjuvant Immunotherapy for Resected High-Risk Stage II Melanoma

An observational study of 10,592 patients from the National Cancer Database with stage IIB/IIC melanoma who had undergone surgical resection demonstrated a significant survival advantage with immunotherapy. The research was presented by Wong et al at the Society of Surgical Oncology 2021...

Skin Cancer

Nomograms to Predict Local, Regional, and Distant Recurrence in Patients With Thin Melanomas

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, El Sharouni et al have developed nomograms to predict local, regional, and distant recurrence in patients with T1 melanomas. Study Details The study used data from a Dutch population-based cohort of 25,930 patients to develop the nomograms. The...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Identifies Mechanisms Tied to Immunotherapy Resistance Among Patients With Melanoma

Researchers have created a new technique that may help to uncover mechanisms cancer cells use to evade immunotherapies, which could lead to the development of more effective treatments. Investigators tested their new technique with cancer cells and matching immune cells from patients with melanoma...

Skin Cancer

Association of BRAF V600–Mutant ctDNA With Outcomes in Patients With Advanced Melanoma Receiving Dabrafenib or Dabrafenib/Trametinib

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Syeda et al found that higher BRAF V600–mutant cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels prior to and during treatment with dabrafenib or dabrafenib/trametinib were associated with poorer outcomes among patients with advanced melanoma. Study Details...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Fecal Microbiota Transplants May Help Patients With Advanced Melanoma Respond to Immunotherapy

For patients with melanoma who do not respond to treatment with immunotherapy, adjusting the composition of microorganisms in the intestines through the use of fecal transplants may aid in overcoming resistance to therapy. These findings were published by Davar et al in Science. In the study, some...

Skin Cancer

FDA Approves Cemiplimab-rwlc for Locally Advanced and Metastatic Basal Cell Carcinoma

On February 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to cemiplimab-rwlc (Libtayo) for patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC) previously treated with a hedgehog pathway inhibitor (HHI) or for whom an HHI is not appropriate. The FDA also granted...

Skin Cancer

High-Risk Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinomas: The Present and Future

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer, with more than 1 million cases diagnosed in the United States annually.1 Historically, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is grouped together with basal cell carcinoma and collectively referred to as nonmelanoma skin...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Hepatobiliary Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapies in Gastric Cancers, Anal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Priority Review to nivolumab as either adjuvant or first-line therapy in several types of gastric cancers, as well as to a novel PD-1 inhibitor for locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. The FDA also...

Skin Cancer

Small Study Finds Personalized Neoantigen Vaccines May Result in Durable Immune Response for Patients With Melanoma

Four years after patients with melanoma were treated with a personalized cancer vaccine, the immune response caused by the vaccine remained robust and effective in keeping cancer cells under control, according to a new study published by Hu et al in Nature Medicine. The findings demonstrate the...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

In a Spanish phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Piulats et al found that nivolumab/ipilimumab produced a “modest” improvement in overall survival vs historical rates achieved with chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic uveal melanoma ineligible...

Skin Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Two Fast Track Designations for Cavrotolimod in Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted two Fast Track designations to cavrotolimod (AST-008). The designations include cavrotolimod in combination with anti–PD-1 therapy for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma refractory to prior...

Skin Cancer

New Study Investigates Role of Ultraviolet Radiation in Conjunctival Melanoma

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation may contribute to the development of a rare type of eye cancer, conjunctival melanoma, according to research published by Mundra et al in Nature Communications. The new study has revealed similar genetic changes in patients with conjunctival melanoma to those with...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

New Study Explores the Use of Focused Ultradeep DNA Sequencing to Quantify Skin Cancer Risk

Recent research has shed new light on the carcinogenic effect of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, laying the groundwork for improvements in skin cancer risk stratification and prevention. A study published by Lei Wei, PhD, and colleagues in Science Advances detailed a method to measure the...

Skin Cancer

Intratumoral Injections May Boost Neoadjuvant Response in Resectable Melanoma

Studies reported at the 2020 Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) Annual Meeting, which was held virtually, showed promise for the use of intratumoral injections of novel immunotherapies in treating advanced, resectable melanoma. In the 3-year interim analysis of a global phase II randomized...

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