Advertisement

Advertisement

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Predicting Response to Immunotherapy in Squamous Cell Carcinoma

According to a study published by Kacew et al in the European Journal of Cancer, copy number alterations in the chromosome 3q arm may be linked to immunotherapy response in patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. In fact, this and other genetic markers may prove to be useful...

breast cancer
lung cancer
skin cancer

Lifetime Risk of Brain Metastases in Elderly Survivors of Breast, Lung, and Skin Cancers

Elderly survivors of breast cancer, lung cancer, and melanoma face risk of brain metastasis later in life, and may require extra surveillance in the years following initial cancer treatment, according to results of a study published by Ascha et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers, &...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy Associated With Improved Outcomes in Patients With Locally Advanced Melanoma

ACCORDING TO DATA from a small prospective study presented at the 2019 Society of Surgical Oncology Annual Cancer Symposium,1 neoadjuvant immunotherapy significantly prolonged relapse-free survival vs adjuvant immunotherapy in patients with stage III or oligometastatic stage IV melanoma intended...

skin cancer

Link Between Skin Cancer Diagnosis and Health-Care Screening Practices

According to findings published by Drucker et al in JAMA Dermatology, patients undergoing health-care screening practices for skin cancer have a higher likelihood of being diagnosed—particularly for squamous cell and basal cell carcinomas—than those who do not. Researchers...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

PD-1 Inhibitor–Associated Cutaneous Toxicity and Clinical Outcomes in Advanced Melanoma

In a research letter published in JAMA Oncology, Quach et al found that cutaneous toxicities related to anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) treatment—specifically, vitiligo and rash—were associated with improved clinical outcomes in advanced melanoma. Study Details The...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Molecular Profiles and Immunotherapy Outcomes in BRAF V600E– and V600K–Mutant Melanoma

In a study reported in Clinical Cancer Research, Alexander M. Menzies, MD, of Melanoma Institute Australia, The University of Sydney, and Royal North Shore and Mater Hospitals, and colleagues found that BRAF V600K melanomas are less responsive to BRAF inhibitor with or without MEK inhibitor...

skin cancer

Does Squamous Cell Carcinoma Risk Change With Immunosuppression?

Immunosuppressed patients seem to have an increased risk of poor outcomes with multiple squamous cell carcinomas compared with those who are immunocompetent. Jessica L. Gonzalez, MD, of Tufts Medical Center in Boston, and colleagues published the results of a single-center case-control study...

skin cancer

Does Intake of Dietary Fat Increase Risk of Skin Cancer?

Dietary intake of fat is associated with several types of cancer, but few studies have explored the link between fat intake and the risk of skin cancer. In a study published by Park et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers examined the relationship between fat intake...

skin cancer
myelodysplastic syndromes
symptom management

FDA Pipeline: Designation in Uveal Melanoma, Application for MDS Side-Effect Management

Over the past week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted a Fast Track designation to a treatment for metastatic uveal melanoma and received a biologics application for an agent to control anemia. Fast Track Designation for Tebentafusp in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma The FDA granted...

skin cancer

Skin Cancer 2019: Recurrence and Staging of Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma After Mohs Surgery

Mohs surgery is known to have lower recurrence rate compared to conventional wide excision for removal of cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas. However, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma does sometimes recur—even after Mohs surgery. In a Korean study by Roh et al presented at the World Congress ...

skin cancer

Skin Cancer 2019: Small Study of Electrochemotherapy for Basal Cell Carcinomas in the Head and Neck Region

Increasing evidence is emerging about the effectiveness of electrochemotherapy in the treatment of basal cell carcinomas in the head and neck region. A study presented by Kis et al at the World Congress on Advanced Treatments and Technologies in Skin Cancer (Skin Cancer 2019) (Poster Board 6) aimed ...

skin cancer

Skin Cancer 2019: Reflectance Confocal Microscopy Plus Optical Coherence Tomography in Diagnosing Suspicious Basal Cell Carcinoma Lesions

The increasing incidence and prevalence of nonmelanoma skin cancers has led to the search for new and more efficient diagnostic imaging and therapy guidance approaches. However, proper selection of therapy requires the precise delineation of skin cancer margins. To address this need, researchers...

skin cancer

Patient-Reported Outcomes in the COMBI-AD Trial

In a study focused on the phase III COMBI-AD trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Schadendorf et al found no difference in patient-reported outcomes with adjuvant dabrafenib plus trametinib vs placebo in patients with resected BRAF V600E– or BRAF V600K–mutant stage III melanoma. The...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2019: Entinostat Plus Pembrolizumab in Patients With Melanoma Previously Treated With Anti–PD-1 Therapy

A combination of the experimental histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor entinostat with the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor pembrolizumab showed clinical responses in patients with melanoma that had progressed on prior anti–PD-1 treatment, according to results from the phase...

skin cancer

Characteristics and Prognosis Associated With Thin Nodular Primary Melanomas

In a study reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Dessinioti et al found that thin nodular primary melanomas are associated with aggressive characteristics that may portend poorer prognosis vs superficial spreading melanomas. Study Details The study involved data on 5,062...

skin cancer

Keratinocyte Carcinoma: Update on Treatment and Prevention

Keratinocyte carcinoma, previously known as nonmelanoma skin cancer, is the most common malignancy in fair-skinned populations worldwide. In a review article published in Current Opinion in Pharmacology, Alexander Zink, MD, MPH, PhD, of the Technical University of Munich, proposed that...

skin cancer

Chrysalyne Schmults, MD, on Basal and Squamous Cell Carcinomas: Trends in Data and Practice

Chrysalyne Schmults, MD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital, discusses treatment strategies in these nonmelanoma skin cancers, including surgery, forthcoming staging systems, and ongoing trials combining adjuvant radiotherapy and immunotherapy.

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Immunotherapy Directed Against Precancerous Skin Lesions May Prevent Squamous Cell Carcinoma

A treatment previously shown to treat the precancerous skin lesions called actinic keratosis now appears to also reduce the chance that these pretreated lesions will develop into squamous cell carcinoma. In a report published by Rosenberg et al in JCI Insight, researchers found that treatment with...

Solid Tumors
Skin Cancer

American Skin Association Announces 18 New Grants for Skin Cancer and Disease Research

For more than 3 decades, the American Skin Association (ASA) and its affiliates have funded more than $50 million in grants to address the causes and treatments of melanoma, vitiligo, and psoriasis, as well as other skin diseases, and to search for cures. Recently, the American Skin Association...

skin cancer

Incidence of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer in Recipients of Multiple Kidney Transplants

The incidence of nonmelanoma skin cancer may be more common in recipients of kidney transplants vs patients on maintenance dialysis. Researchers looked to determine if the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer is lower during periods of graft loss with a return to dialysis vs during periods of...

skin cancer

What Is the Best Field-Directed Treatment for Actinic Keratosis?

In a Dutch study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Jansen et al found that 5% fluorouracil cream was the best of four field-directed treatments for actinic keratosis, the most common premalignant skin disease in the white population. Study Details The study examined the...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Safety Comparison of Two Dosing Regimens for Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab in Advanced Melanoma

In the phase IIIb/IV CheckMate 511 study reported by Lebbé et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, a regimen of nivolumab at 3 mg/kg plus ipilimumab at 1 mg/kg (NIVO3+IPI1) was found to significantly reduce the incidence of treatment-related grade 3 to 5 adverse events compared with...

skin cancer

New Patient Resource: NCCN Guidelines for Patients With Squamous Cell Skin Cancer

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN) has published a new book of patient information that explains prevention, diagnosis, and treatment for squamous cell skin cancer. Squamous cell and basal cell skin cancers are responsible for about 5 million annual incidents of nonmelanoma...

skin cancer

Is the Presence of Nevi on Extremities a Risk Factor for Melanoma and Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers?

The presence of nevi is an established risk factor for melanoma. In light of this, researchers examined the association between the presence of nevi on extremities and the risk of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers. Their findings were published by Wei et al in the Journal of the American...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

A Single Dose of a PD-1 Inhibitor Before Surgery May Predict Outcomes in Patients With Melanoma

A single dose of a programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitor before resection for melanoma may predict clinical outcomes for patients. Researchers from the Abramson Cancer Center at the University of Pennsylvania—who documented this finding in the largest cohort of patients to be...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

2019 AAD: Disadvantages and Potential Improvements of Artificial Intelligence in Skin Cancer Detection

While artificial intelligence (AI) systems for skin cancer detection have shown promise in research settings, there is still a lot of work to be done before the technology is appropriate for real-world use. This was the topic of a scientific session at the 2019 American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

AACR 2019: Diet May Influence Gut Microbiome and Response to Immunotherapy

Among patients with melanoma treated with anti–programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) immunotherapy, consumption of a high-fiber diet was associated with higher gut microbiome diversity and better response to treatment, according to data presented by Spencer et al at a presscast in advance of ...

lymphoma
skin cancer

Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma: Can Genetic Polymorphisms Help Select Patients for Treatment With Bexarotene?

Bexarotene is a retinoid approved for the treatment of patients with cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) who have not responded to at least one previous treatment regimen. Hypertrigylceridemia is the most frequent adverse event related to treatment with bexarotene in CTCL. Even with prophylactic...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Approves Adjuvant Pembrolizumab for Melanoma

On February 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with lymph node involvement following complete resection. Approval was based on the phase III EORTC1325/KEYNOTE-054 trial, a randomized, double-blind,...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

First-Line Pembrolizumab in Advanced Merkel Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial (Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Network-09/Keynote-017) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nghiem et al found that first-line pembrolizumab produced a high response rate in patients with advanced Merkel cell carcinoma. In the multicenter trial, 50 adult patients who had ...

skin cancer

Updated German Guidelines for Basal Cell Carcinoma

The German S2k guidelines for cutaneous basal cell carcinoma were recently updated to include new developments regarding the epidemiology, diagnosis, and histology of the disease. Commissioned by the Dermatologic Cooperative Oncology Group of the German Cancer Society and the German Society of...

Skin Cancer

In Vitro and Ex Vivo Activity of Gentian Violet in Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in JAMA Dermatology, Jianqiang Wu, MD, PhD, and Gary S. Wood, MD, found that the widely available nonprescription topical antimicrobial agent gentian violet has potent activity against cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) in studies in vitro and ex vivo. The study involved high-throughput ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Combination Checkpoint Blockade in Advanced Melanoma

Neoadjuvant combination checkpoint blockade showed activity among patients with high-risk stage III melanoma in a small study. However, a high incidence of side effects caused the trial to be closed early. These results were published by Rodabe N. Amaria, MD, Assistant Professor of Melanoma...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Real-World Treatment Impact of Newer Agents on Survival of Patients With Metastatic Melanoma

The approval of several new agents for metastatic melanoma in the past several years has led to changes in how the disease is treated and managed. Treatments such as the programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitors pembrolizumab, ipilimumab, and nivolumab; BRAF inhibitors; and MEK inhibitors...

skin cancer

HLA Mismatch and Skin Cancer Risk After Organ Transplant

Data on the risk factors for the development of skin cancer after a solid organ transplant are limited. In a retrospective cohort study, researchers sought to determine the relationship between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) mismatch and risk of skin cancer after transplant. Their findings were...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

How Effective Is Talimogene Laherparepvec Injection in Metastatic Melanoma?

Injection of a genetically modified virus that induces the body’s own immune cells to attack metastatic melanoma effectively treated almost 40% of patients with tumors that could not be surgically removed, according to findings published by Louie et al in the Journal of the American...

lung cancer
lymphoma
skin cancer

FDA Pipeline: Updates on Treatments in NSCLC and Lymphomas, Plus New Dosimetry Software

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted the following application, designations, and clearance: sBLA for Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic, Nonsquamous NSCLC On January 17, the FDA accepted a supplemental biologics license application...

lymphoma
skin cancer

2018 Update of WHO-EORTC Classification of Primary Cutaneous Lymphomas

As reported by Willemze and colleagues in Blood, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) have released a 2018 update of their classification of primary cutaneous lymphomas. As noted by the authors, “Primary cutaneous...

skin cancer

Surgical Factors Contributing to Invasive Squamous Cell Carcinoma Recurrence

Invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is typically treated surgically, with guidelines in place recommending surgical margins for excision based on the SCC being classified as low or high risk. Researchers undertook a study to examine recurrence rates of SCC after surgical excision, taking into...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Molecular Profiles of BRAF-Mutant Melanomas and Response to Therapy

A study investigating the clinicopathologic features of BRAF V600E– and V600K–mutant melanomas and whether genotype affects response to immunotherapy found that the mutations not only have different clinical phenotypes, but also different molecular features and different...

skin cancer

Association Between Sun Exposure and BMI in the Development of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer

Exposure to the sun, whether cumulative or intermittent, is a known risk factor for the development of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). Past studies have found that greater body mass index (BMI) actually lessens the risk of women developing NMSCs. With this in mind, researchers sought to determine...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Pilot Study of Intratumoral G100 in Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Multiple recent reports have addressed the activity of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) inhibitors, such as pembrolizumab and avelumab, in Merkel cell carcinoma. However, approximately half of all patients who receive these agents do not maintain a persistent response. In an...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Optimal Duration of Checkpoint Inhibition in Melanoma Is No More Than 2 Years

For patients with advanced melanoma, the concept of treating to disease progression does not always apply. With many patients responding to checkpoint inhibition for years, when can treatment be safely discontinued? This important clinical question was addressed at the European Society for Medical...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2018: OpACIN Trial: Neoadjuvant Ipilimumab Plus Nivolumab in Stage III Melanoma

Updated data of the OpACIN study, which studied combined ipilimumab (Yervoy) plus nivolumab (Opdivo) administered as neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy in patients with high-risk stage III melanoma, demonstrated high response rates upon neoadjuvant therapy and promising long-term clinical outcome,...

skin cancer

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Today, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma. The FDA’s approval was based on Cancer Immunotherapy Trials Network protocol 9...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2018: Does Proton Pump Inhibitor Therapy Impact the Efficacy of Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab?

Patients with melanoma receiving proton pump inhibitors for comorbidities derived approximately half the clinical benefit from immunotherapy consisting of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) as patients receiving the same combination but not treated with proton pump inhibitors, according to ...

skin cancer

Aggressive Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in recipients of a solid organ transplant. When organ transplant recipients are diagnosed with SCC, they are also at higher risk for a more aggressive disease course, metastasis, and death than the general population. Researchers ...

Skin Cancer

Encorafenib and Binimetinib: A New Benchmark in Metastatic Melanoma Therapy?

IN JULY 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of the oral BRAF inhibitor encorafenib (Braftovi) and the oral MEK inhibitor binimetinib (Mektovi) for BRAF V600E– or V600K– positive metastatic melanoma. The FDA approval was based on the results of the COLUMBUS...

Skin Cancer

Encorafenib Plus Binimetinib vs Vemurafenib in Advanced BRAF-Mutant Melanoma

AS REPORTED in The Lancet Oncology by Reinhard Dummer, MD, of the University Hospital Zurich Skin Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III COLUMBUS trial has shown a significant improvement in overall survival with the combination of the BRAF inhibitor encorafenib (Braftovi) and the MEK...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Reinhard Dummer, MD

KEYNOTE-022’S invited discussant, Reinhard Dummer, MD, Professor of Dermatologic Oncology at the University Hospital Zurich Skin Cancer Center in Switzerland, told attendees, “We’ve been waiting for this small prospective randomized phase II trial, and the initial results appear very promising.”...

Advertisement

Advertisement

;
Advertisement