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Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Improvement in Survival With Adjuvant Pembrolizumab for Resected Stage III Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, and colleagues, the pivotal phase III EORTC 1325/KEYNOTE-054 trial has shown significant improvement in the secondary endpoint of distant metastasis–free survival—as well as continued benefit in the primary endpoint of...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Nivolumab Alone

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, of the Melanoma Institute Australia, University of Sydney, discusses results of the CheckMate 915 trial, which may reinforce nivolumab as an adjuvant standard of care in patients with stage IIIB–D/IV melanoma, with or without complete lymphadenectomy (Abstract CT004).

Pancreatic Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Estimated Shifts in Cancer Incidence and Death Over Next 2 Decades

In the next 2 decades, rankings of incidence and death across cancer types in the United States will undergo important changes, according to new research published by Lola Rahib, PhD, and colleagues in JAMA Network Open. The study estimates that pancreatic cancer is on course to become the...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Tumor Mutational Burden as Predictor of Immune Response: Variance Between Female and Male Patients With Melanoma

Tumor mutational burden (TMB) was an accurate predictor of response to treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors for female patients with melanoma, but not for male patients, according to results of a study presented by Sinha et al during the virtual American Association for Cancer Research...

kidney cancer
skin cancer

Samra Turajlic, MBBS, PhD, on Understanding Metastatic Disease in Renal Cancer and Melanoma

Samra Turajlic, MBBS, PhD, of The Francis Crick Institute, discusses our limited understanding of metastases in terms of the timing of dissemination, the many metastatic phenotypes and varieties of seeding, as well as how the spread of cancer evades the immune system and resists treatment. Expanding this knowledge base is critical to better managing malignant disease.

skin cancer

Jessica C. Hassel, MD, on Uveal Melanoma: Comparing Tebentafusp With Standard Therapies

Jessica C. Hassel, MD, of University Hospital Heidelberg, discusses phase III results of a study that compared tebentafusp, a bispecific fusion protein, with investigator’s choice in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma. Tebentafusp nearly halved the risk of death among patients in the trial with this rare eye cancer (Abstract CT002).

Skin Cancer

Tebentafusp: First Treatment to Improve Overall Survival in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

Treatment with tebentafusp, a novel bispecific fusion protein, reduced the risk of death from metastatic uveal melanoma at 14 months by half, compared with available treatments, in a phase III study presented by Piperno-Neumann et al at the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)...

Skin Cancer

Unselected Autologous Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocyte Therapy for Metastatic Cutaneous Melanoma

Treatment with unselected autologous tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) showed early clinical efficacy among patients with advanced melanoma, according to results presented by Hawkins et al during week 1 of the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2021 (Abstract ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Adverse Events in Patients With Melanoma Treated With Ipilimumab: Results of a Toxicity Monitoring Program

In a single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Menjak et al found that a nurse-led telephone surveillance program for toxicity associated with ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma led to earlier identification of toxicities and earlier intervention, with an apparent...

skin cancer

April K. Salama, MD, on Managing Melanoma Brain Metastases

April K. Salama, MD, of Duke Cancer Institute, discusses the shift in recent years, as more effective therapies have become available, toward integrating systemic upfront treatment of patients with brain metastases from cutaneous melanoma; pivotal studies that have provided key data; and the need for a multidisciplinary approach incorporating medical, surgical, and radiation oncology.

Skin Cancer

Screening and Education in Melanoma-Prone Families May Improve Early Detection of Disease

Among patients at high risk of melanoma, those who received routine skin cancer screening and education about skin self-exams were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with thinner and earlier-stage melanomas, according to results published by Michael Sargen, MD, and colleagues in Cancer...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Chronic Immune-Related Adverse Events Associated With Adjuvant Immunotherapy for Advanced Melanoma

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Patrinely et al found that chronic immune-related adverse events occurred in a high proportion of patients receiving adjuvant PD-1–targeted therapy for high-risk resected melanoma and frequently persisted even during prolonged follow-up....

Skin Cancer

Surgical Management of Melanoma With the Advent of Adjuvant Systemic Therapy

The results of a large cohort study suggest that a proportion of patients with cutaneous melanoma could potentially avoid sentinel node biopsy, according to data presented by Moncrieff et al at the Society of Surgical Oncology 2021 International Conference on Surgical Cancer Care (Abstract 59)....

skin cancer

Susan M. Swetter, MD, on Molecular Testing for Cutaneous Melanoma

Susan M. Swetter, MD, of Stanford Cancer Institute, discusses molecular prognostic tests for cutaneous melanoma, which may improve staging accuracy, reduce unnecessary sentinel lymph node biopsies, and inform decisions on surveillance imaging and/or adjuvant therapy.

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Utilization and Survival Benefit of Adjuvant Immunotherapy for Resected High-Risk Stage II Melanoma

An observational study of 10,592 patients from the National Cancer Database with stage IIB/IIC melanoma who had undergone surgical resection demonstrated a significant survival advantage with immunotherapy. The research was presented by Wong et al at the Society of Surgical Oncology 2021...

Skin Cancer

Nomograms to Predict Local, Regional, and Distant Recurrence in Patients With Thin Melanomas

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, El Sharouni et al have developed nomograms to predict local, regional, and distant recurrence in patients with T1 melanomas. Study Details The study used data from a Dutch population-based cohort of 25,930 patients to develop the nomograms. The...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Identifies Mechanisms Tied to Immunotherapy Resistance Among Patients With Melanoma

Researchers have created a new technique that may help to uncover mechanisms cancer cells use to evade immunotherapies, which could lead to the development of more effective treatments. Investigators tested their new technique with cancer cells and matching immune cells from patients with melanoma...

Skin Cancer

Association of BRAF V600–Mutant ctDNA With Outcomes in Patients With Advanced Melanoma Receiving Dabrafenib or Dabrafenib/Trametinib

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Syeda et al found that higher BRAF V600–mutant cell-free circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels prior to and during treatment with dabrafenib or dabrafenib/trametinib were associated with poorer outcomes among patients with advanced melanoma. Study Details...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Fecal Microbiota Transplants May Help Patients With Advanced Melanoma Respond to Immunotherapy

For patients with melanoma who do not respond to treatment with immunotherapy, adjusting the composition of microorganisms in the intestines through the use of fecal transplants may aid in overcoming resistance to therapy. These findings were published by Davar et al in Science. In the study, some...

Skin Cancer

FDA Approves Cemiplimab-rwlc for Locally Advanced and Metastatic Basal Cell Carcinoma

On February 9, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to cemiplimab-rwlc (Libtayo) for patients with locally advanced basal cell carcinoma (BCC) previously treated with a hedgehog pathway inhibitor (HHI) or for whom an HHI is not appropriate. The FDA also granted...

Skin Cancer

High-Risk Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinomas: The Present and Future

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common type of skin cancer, with more than 1 million cases diagnosed in the United States annually.1 Historically, cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is grouped together with basal cell carcinoma and collectively referred to as nonmelanoma skin...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Hepatobiliary Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapies in Gastric Cancers, Anal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Priority Review to nivolumab as either adjuvant or first-line therapy in several types of gastric cancers, as well as to a novel PD-1 inhibitor for locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. The FDA also...

Skin Cancer

Small Study Finds Personalized Neoantigen Vaccines May Result in Durable Immune Response for Patients With Melanoma

Four years after patients with melanoma were treated with a personalized cancer vaccine, the immune response caused by the vaccine remained robust and effective in keeping cancer cells under control, according to a new study published by Hu et al in Nature Medicine. The findings demonstrate the...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab/Ipilimumab in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

In a Spanish phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Piulats et al found that nivolumab/ipilimumab produced a “modest” improvement in overall survival vs historical rates achieved with chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic uveal melanoma ineligible...

Skin Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Two Fast Track Designations for Cavrotolimod in Nonmelanoma Skin Cancers

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted two Fast Track designations to cavrotolimod (AST-008). The designations include cavrotolimod in combination with anti–PD-1 therapy for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma refractory to prior...

Skin Cancer

New Study Investigates Role of Ultraviolet Radiation in Conjunctival Melanoma

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation may contribute to the development of a rare type of eye cancer, conjunctival melanoma, according to research published by Mundra et al in Nature Communications. The new study has revealed similar genetic changes in patients with conjunctival melanoma to those with...

Skin Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

New Study Explores the Use of Focused Ultradeep DNA Sequencing to Quantify Skin Cancer Risk

Recent research has shed new light on the carcinogenic effect of exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, laying the groundwork for improvements in skin cancer risk stratification and prevention. A study published by Lei Wei, PhD, and colleagues in Science Advances detailed a method to measure the...

Skin Cancer

Intratumoral Injections May Boost Neoadjuvant Response in Resectable Melanoma

Studies reported at the 2020 Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) Annual Meeting, which was held virtually, showed promise for the use of intratumoral injections of novel immunotherapies in treating advanced, resectable melanoma. In the 3-year interim analysis of a global phase II randomized...

Skin Cancer

Novel Combination Under Study in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Melanoma

A first-line regimen combining the novel interleukin-2 (Il-2) agonist bempegaldesleukin (NKTR-214) with nivolumab showed encouraging clinical activity in patients with metastatic melanoma in the phase I/II PIVOT-02 trial, according to a presentation during the 2020 Annual Meeting of the Society for ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2020: First-Line Anti–PD-1 Therapy vs BRAF/MEK Inhibition for Advanced BRAF V600–Mutated Melanoma

Findings from a propensity-matched survival analysis presented by van Breeschoten et al at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Immuno-Oncology Virtual Congress 2020 (Abstract 37P) suggest that patients with advanced melanoma and a BRAF V600 mutation derive an enhanced survival benefit...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Immuno-Oncology 2020: Tebentafusp Shows Activity in Metastatic Uveal Melanoma

Tebentafusp is a novel bispecific molecule consisting of an affinity-enhanced T-cell receptor fused to an anti-CD3 effector that can redirect T cells to target gp100-positive cells. The agent showed clinical benefit, including target lesion reduction, in patients with metastatic uveal melanoma,...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Machine Learning Algorithms May Help Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Patients With Advanced Melanoma

A study investigating a computational method that integrates deep learning on histology specimens with clinicodemographic variables has found that the artificial intelligence may help predict response to immune checkpoint blockade among patients with advanced melanoma. This computational approach...

Skin Cancer

Expect Questions About Mohs Micrographic Surgery

A recent study finding similar overall survival rates for patients with melanomas of the trunk and extremities treated with Mohs micrographic surgery or wide local excision1 raises questions about why and when physicians might recommend, and patients opt for, one or the other procedure. “The most...

Skin Cancer

Mohs Surgery vs Wide Local Excision for Trunk and Extremity Melanomas: Comparable Overall Survival Rates

A cohort study of 188,862 cases of all-stage melanomas of the trunk and extremities found no differences in overall survival between patients treated with Mohs micrographic surgery or with wide local excision.1 “These findings add to the existing body of evidence demonstrating that wide local...

Skin Cancer
Solid Tumors

Meta-analysis of Outcomes With Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for Uveal Melanoma or Ocular Metastases

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Parker et al found that Gamma Knife radiosurgery was associated with high local control and tumor regression rates in patients with uveal melanoma or intraocular metastases. As stated by the investigators, “Gamma [K]nife...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pretreatment ctDNA May Help Predict Outcomes With First-Line—but Not Second-Line—Immunotherapy for Patients With Melanoma

A study by Marsavela et al published in Clinical Cancer Research evaluating the predictive value of pretreatment circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) to inform therapeutic outcomes in patients with advanced-stage melanoma relative to type and line of treatment has found that baseline levels of ctDNA...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Continued Benefit of First-Line Nivolumab vs Dacarbazine in Advanced BRAF Wild-Type Melanoma

The 5-year outcomes of the ­CheckMate 066 trial, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, of Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France,and colleagues, show continued benefit of first-line nivolumab vs dacarbazine in advanced BRAF wild-type melanoma and support evidence that ...

Skin Cancer

Recurrence-Free Survival Benefit Maintained With Adjuvant Nivolumab vs Ipilimumab in Stage IIIB–IIIC and IV Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, of the Istituto Nazionale Tumori IRCCS Fondazione Pascale, Naples, and colleagues, 4-year results of the CheckMate 238 trial show continued benefit of adjuvant nivolumab vs ipilimumab in recurrence-free survival and metastasis-free...

Skin Cancer

UCLA Researchers’ Efforts in Melanoma Receive $13M Boost From NIH

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) researchers have received a $13 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to find new ways to overcome melanoma resistance to some of the most promising targeted therapies and immunotherapies. There have been significant advancements in...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Advanced Melanoma: Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab After Disease Progression on Anti–PD-1 Therapy

Checkpoint inhibitors can be lifesaving for many patients with advanced melanoma, but those who experience disease progression currently have few treatment options. The combination of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor and an anti–PD-1 agent may offer some hope in this setting, according to a study of...

Skin Cancer

Small Case Study Explores Novel Approach to Neoadjuvant Therapy for Skin Cancer

Skin cancers are the most common malignancy in the United States and worldwide. Between 1994 and 2014, the diagnosis and treatment of melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers in the United States increased by 77%.1 The cost of treating melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers to the health-care system...

Skin Cancer

Long-Term Benefit of Adjuvant Immunotherapy Sustained in Stage III or IV Melanoma

The benefit of anti–PD-1 antibodies in the adjuvant treatment of patients with stage III or stage IV melanoma continues to be observed at around 4 years for both pembrolizumab and nivolumab, according to updates of pivotal trials presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual ...

Skin Cancer

COMBI-i Trial: No Statistical Benefit to Adding Spartalizumab to Dabrafenib/Trametinib in Melanoma

Patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma harboring BRAF V600 mutations did not benefit from the addition of the anti–PD-1 antibody spartalizumab to dabrafenib and trametinib in the COMBI-i trial, which was presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual Congress...

Skin Cancer

ASCO’s Policy Statement on Skin Cancer Prevention Focuses on Four Key Areas to Reduce Incidence and Save Lives

The increasing incidence rates of skin cancer in the United States are staggering. It is the most common cancer diagnosed in the country, and current estimates show that about 9,500 Americans are diagnosed with skin cancer every day. Over the course of a year, more than 3 million people are...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Five-Year Outcomes: First-Line Nivolumab vs Dacarbazine in Advanced BRAF Wild-Type Melanoma

The 5-year outcomes of the CheckMate 066 trial, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Caroline Robert, MD, PhD, and colleagues, showed continued benefit of first-line nivolumab vs dacarbazine in advanced BRAF wild-type melanoma. The results add to data indicating that nivolumab can be...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Adjuvant Nivolumab vs Ipilimumab

Jeffrey S. Weber, MD, PhD, of the Perlmutter Cancer Center, NYU Langone, discusses the 4-year recurrence-free and overall survival results from the CheckMate 238 study, which showed adjuvant nivolumab continues to be an effective treatment, vs the comparator ipilimumab, for patients with resected stage III/IV melanoma (Abstract 1076O).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Four-Year Outcomes in CheckMate 238: Adjuvant Nivolumab vs Ipilimumab in Stage IIIB–IIIC or IV Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, and colleagues, 4-year results of the CheckMate 238 trial show the continued benefit of adjuvant nivolumab vs ipilimumab in recurrence-free and metastasis-free survival in patients with resected stage IIIB–IIIC or IV melanoma, with no...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Benefit of Pembrolizumab in High-Risk Stage III Melanoma: 3-Year Follow-up

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Alexander M.M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, and colleagues, adjuvant pembrolizumab maintained a significant recurrence-free survival benefit vs placebo in patients with high-risk stage III melanoma after a median 3-year follow-up in the phase III EORTC...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Alexander M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Pembrolizumab vs Placebo After Complete Resection

Alexander M. Eggermont, MD, PhD, of the Princess Maxima Center for Pediatric Oncology, discusses final results of the phase III EORTC 1325-MG/Keynote 054 trial, which confirmed a sustained recurrence-free survival benefit of pembrolizumab vs placebo in patients with resected high-risk stage III melanoma, as well as a decrease in the incidence of distant and locoregional recurrence (Abstract LBA46).

Skin Cancer

Pembrolizumab Produces Durable Responses in Recurrent or Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jean-Jacques Grob, MD, PhD, of Aix-Marseille University, France, and colleagues, the first interim analysis of the phase II KEYNOTE-629 trial has shown the achievement of durable responses with pembrolizumab treatment of recurrent or metastatic...

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