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Bladder Cancer

DNA Repair Protein MRE11 Expression and Disease-Specific Mortality Among Patients With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer Receiving Trimodality Therapy

In a retrospective analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Magliocco et al found that among patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer receiving bladder-preserving trimodality therapy, those with a lower expression of the DNA repair protein MRE11 had significantly poorer disease-specific...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Roger Li, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Boosting Immune Checkpoint Blockade With an Oncolytic Adenovirus

Roger Li, MD, of the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, discusses results from a phase II single-arm study of CG0070, a cancer-selective oncolytic adenovirus that creates mechanistic synergy with immune checkpoint blockade. In this trial, the virus was combined with pembrolizumab in patients with non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer that is unresponsive to bacillus Calmette-Guérin. At 3 months, 88% of the 35 patients enrolled achieved a complete response (Abstract 666).

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Results From EV-103, Cohort K on Enfortumab Vedotin and Pembrolizumab

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses recent findings on the safety and antitumor activity of enfortumab vedotin-ejfv given intravenously as monotherapy or in combination with pembrolizumab to previously untreated cisplatin-ineligible patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer (Abstract LBA73).

Bladder Cancer

Rogaratinib vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma and FGFR1/3 mRNA Overexpression

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Cora N. Sternberg, MD, and colleagues, interim analysis of the phase II portion of the phase II/III FORT-1 trial has shown similar objective response rates with the oral FGFR1–4 inhibitor rogaratinib vs chemotherapy in previously treated patients...

Bladder Cancer

Intensive Chemoresection With Mitomycin to Reduce the Need for Surgical Procedures in Patients With Recurrent Non–Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

In a Danish study (DaBlaCa-13) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lindgren et al found that short-term intensive chemoresection with mitomycin reduced the need for surgical procedures in patients with recurrent non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Study Details The trial was conducted at...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Enfortumab Vedotin Plus Pembrolizumab in Cisplatin-Ineligible Patients With Advanced Urothelial Cancer

In a phase Ib/II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Christopher J. Hoimes, MD, and colleagues found that first-line enfortumab vedotin-ejfv plus pembrolizumab produced a high response rate and prolonged response durations in cisplatin-ineligible, previously untreated patients with...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

New Research From Cohort K of the EV-103 Trial of Enfortumab Vedotin for Patients With Urothelial Cancer

Researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) Cancer Center shared data on a treatment option for patients with bladder cancer at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2022 (Abstract LBA73). Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, medical oncologist and Chief of the Genitourinary Oncology...

Bladder Cancer

Novel Pembrolizumab-Based Combination Under Study in Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Sadeghi et al found that EphrinB2 inhibition with soluble EphB4-human serum albumin (sEphB4-HSA) plus pembrolizumab appeared to exert substantial activity in patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, particularly among patients...

Bladder Cancer

Rucaparib Maintenance After Platinum-Based Chemotherapy for Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In a phase II trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Simon J. Crabb, BSc, MBBS, MRCP, PhD, and colleagues found that maintenance therapy with the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor rucaparib vs placebo was associated with prolonged progression-free survival in patients with...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Genetics May Predict Bladder Cancer Immunotherapy Response

Investigators have identified genetic signatures that could predict whether tumors in patients with bladder and other cancers will respond to immunotherapy with immune checkpoint inhibitors. Their findings, published by You et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, implicate DDR1- and...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

EAU22: ctDNA May Help to Predict Response to Atezolizumab in Patients With Bladder Cancer

Researchers who treated a group of patients with bladder cancer with the immunotherapy atezolizumab after they had undergone surgery have found that patients whose blood contained circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) responded very well to the treatment. The study was presented at the European Association ...

Bladder Cancer

Addition of Olaparib to Durvalumab in Previously Untreated, Platinum-Ineligible Patients With Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, and colleagues, the phase II BAYOU trial has shown no improvement in progression-free survival with the addition of the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor olaparib to the anti–PD-L1 agent durvalumab in...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Guru P. Sonpavde, MD

Guru P. Sonpavde, MD, Director of the Bladder Cancer Program at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and a faculty member of Harvard Medical School, Boston, said these follow-up data from CheckMate 274 provide reassurance that the disease-free survival benefit is maintained with adjuvant nivolumab. “We...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 274: Adjuvant Immunotherapy Improves Disease-Free Survival in Metastatic Urothelial Cancer

Adjuvant nivolumab could become the standard of care for patients with metastatic bladder cancer, according to data presented at the American Urological Association (AUA) 2022 Annual Meeting.1 With longer follow-up, the results of the phase III CheckMate 274 trial showed that treatment with the...

Genomics/Genetics
Bladder Cancer

Real-World Uptake of FGFR-Alteration Testing and Gene-Targeted Therapy for Patients With Urothelial Cancer

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Nimgaonkar et al found that less than half of patients with urothelial cancer who had received first-line platinum-based therapy underwent testing for FGFR alterations and that less than half of patients with susceptible alterations...

Bladder Cancer

Robotic Surgery Improves Perioperative Outcomes vs Open Radical Cystectomy in Bladder Cancer Trial

Patients who underwent robotic-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal diversion spent fewer days in the hospital and experienced fewer complications compared with those who underwent open radical cystectomy, according to data presented at the 2022 American Urological Association (AUA)...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Long-Term Outcomes With Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv vs Chemotherapy

Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Barts Health NHS Trust, Queen Mary University of London, and Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discuss the 24-month findings from the phase III EV-301 trial, which suggest that enfortumab vedotin-ejfv continues to show a significant and consistent survival advantage over standard chemotherapy in patients with previously treated advanced urothelial carcinoma (Abstract 4516).

bladder cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: New Results on Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses findings from the COSMIC-021 study, which showed that cabozantinib plus atezolizumab demonstrated encouraging clinical activity with manageable toxicity in patients with inoperable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. The combination was administered as first-line therapy in cisplatin-based chemotherapy–eligible and –ineligible patients and as second- or later-line treatment in those who received prior immune checkpoint inhibitors (Abstract 4504).

bladder cancer

Shilpa Gupta, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Defining Who Is 'Platinum-Ineligible'

Shilpa Gupta, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, discusses an updated consensus definition for standard therapy and clinical trial eligibility for patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who are platinum-ineligible, criteria that are proposed to guide treatment recommendations for this population. This may be especially important now that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has restricted the use of first-line pembrolizumab to those who are considered platinum-ineligible (Abstract 4577).

bladder cancer

Karim Chamie, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Final Results on N-803 and Bacillus Calmette-Guérin

Karim Chamie, MD, of the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses final clinical results on combining the superagonist N-803 with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) in patients whose carcinoma in situ and high-grade non–muscle-invasive bladder cancers are unresponsive to BCG alone. Of note, cystectomy was avoided in more than 90% of patients with 2 years of follow-up (Abstract 4508).

Bladder Cancer

Postoperative Outcomes With Robot-Assisted vs Open Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer

As reported in JAMA by Catto et al, the phase III iROC trial showed that robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion resulted in better 90-day outcomes compared with open radical cystectomy in patients with bladder cancer. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 338...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Longer Follow-up Shows Adjuvant Immunotherapy After Bladder Cancer Surgery May Be Associated With Reduced Disease Recurrence

Treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapy nivolumab after surgery helped reduce cancer recurrence in patients with urothelial cancer of the bladder or other sites in the urinary tract that had invaded the muscle and therefore posed a high risk for recurrence, according to clinical trial results...

Bladder Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Report Finds Uptake of Erdafitinib for Urothelial Cancer May Be Limited, Despite Positive Real-World Survival Data

The first bladder cancer drug targeting a cancer-driving gene mutation has been used relatively little despite its clear efficacy in a clinical trial, suggests a report published as a research letter by Nimgaonkar et al in JAMA Oncology. Researchers analyzed a large, nationwide database of cancer...

Bladder Cancer

Mortality and Perioperative Outcomes With Open vs Robot-Assisted Radical Cystectomy for Bladder Cancer

In a Swedish population-based cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Mortezavi et al found that robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion was associated with reduced all-cause mortality, reduced high-grade complications, and improved perioperative outcomes vs open ...

Bladder Cancer

AI May Assist Physicians in Better Assessing the Effectiveness of Bladder Cancer Treatment

In a small multi-institutional study, an artificial intelligence (AI)-based system improved providers’ assessments of whether patients with bladder cancer had complete response to chemotherapy before a radical cystectomy. These findings were published by Sun et al in Tomography. Yet the researchers ...

Bladder Cancer

Addition of Nintedanib to Neoadjuvant Gemcitabine/Cisplatin in Locally Advanced Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

In the UK phase II NEOBLADE trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Hussain et al found that the addition of nintedanib to neoadjuvant gemcitabine/cisplatin did not improve pathologic complete response rate in patients with locally advanced muscle-invasive bladder cancer. In the double-blind...

bladder cancer

Thomas W. Flaig, MD, on Bladder Cancer: New Treatment Options

Thomas W. Flaig, MD, of the University of Colorado Cancer Center, discusses the rapidly changing treatment landscape for patients with bladder cancer, including PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors now approved for urothelial carcinoma; a category 1 indication for pembrolizumab in metastatic disease, post-platinum treatment and for non–muscle-invasive bladder cancer; enfortumab vedotin-ejfv for subsequent-line use; and erdafitinib for those with select FGFR mutations.

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Guru P. Sonpavde, MD

Guru P. Sonpavde, MD, Director of the Bladder Cancer Program at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, said the therapeutic landscape of urothelial cancer has been altered by PD-L1 inhibitors and antibody-drug conjugates. “The rationale for Cohort 3 was based on high response rates seen with a...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Second-Line Combination Study in Urothelial Cancer

The combination of the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan-hziy and the immune checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab yielded antitumor activity as second-line therapy in patients with platinum-refractory, checkpoint inhibitor–naive, metastatic urothelial cancer, according to the results of...

Bladder Cancer

Trials of PARP Inhibitors in Urothelial Cancer: More Questions Than Answers?

Two studies presented at the 2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium explored the role of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors in urothelial cancer: ATLANTIS and BAYOU.1,2 Results suggest that PARP inhibitors may be useful in certain genetic subgroups and perhaps in combination with...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Evaluates Response-Based Immunotherapy Strategy in Patients With Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

In a phase II study (TITAN-TCC) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Grimm et al found that a nivolumab/ipilimumab boost in patients with advanced urothelial cancer who did not respond to nivolumab monotherapy alone increased objective response rates, with the benefit being greatest in...

Bladder Cancer

Neoadjuvant Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv Shows Activity in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Neoadjuvant treatment with the antibody-drug conjugate enfortumab vedotin-ejfv achieved notable antitumor activity in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are ineligible for treatment with cisplatin, according to preliminary results for cohort H of the EV-103 trial reported at the 2022...

Bladder Cancer

Perioperative Dose-Dense MVAC vs Gemcitabine/Cisplatin in Nonmetastatic Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Pfister et al, the French phase III GETUG-AFU V05 VESPER trial showed a nonsignificant improvement in 3-year progression-free survival with dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (dd- MVAC) vs gemcitabine/cisplatin given...

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Genitourinary Oncology 2021–2022 Almanac

The past year has witnessed tremendous advances in genitourinary oncology. I am pleased to review these findings in this year’s Genitourinary Oncology Almanac from The ASCO Post. I hope that you will find this roadmap helpful in highlighting a selection of these exciting developments. Checkpoint...

Bladder Cancer

Neoadjuvant Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv Shows Activity in Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

Neoadjuvant treatment with the antibody-drug conjugate enfortumab vedotin-ejfv achieved notable antitumor activity in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are ineligible for treatment with cisplatin, according to preliminary results for cohort H of the EV-103 trial reported at the 2022...

Bladder Cancer

Neoadjuvant dd-MVAC Improves Local Control and Progression-Free Survival in Patients With Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer

The VESPER phase III trial answers some key questions regarding the optimal management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. The study found that the neoadjuvant regimen of dose-dense methotrexate, vinblastine, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (dd-MVAC) was superior to standard gemcitabine/cisplatin in...

Immunotherapy
Bladder Cancer

Adjuvant Nivolumab Improves Disease-Free Survival in High-Risk Muscle-Invasive Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported inThe New England Journal of Medicine by Dean F. Bajorin, MD, of the Department of Medicine, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase III CheckMate 274 trial has shown improved disease-free survival with adjuvant nivolumab vs placebo...

Bladder Cancer

EV-301 Trial: Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv Improves Overall Survival vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Thomas Powles, MD, of Barts Cancer Centre, Queen Mary University of London, and colleagues, a prespecified interim analysis of the phase III EV-301 trial has shown improved overall survival with the antibody-drug conjugate enfortumab...

Bladder Cancer

Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy in Urothelial Carcinoma Progressing After Platinum-Based Chemotherapy and Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

In a cohort of the phase II TROPHY-U-01 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Scott T. Tagawa, MD, MS, of Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, and colleagues, found that the antibody-drug conjugate sacituzumab govitecan-hziy produced durable responses in patients with metastatic...

kidney cancer
bladder cancer
prostate cancer
genomics/genetics
immunotherapy
covid-19

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Advances in Genitourinary Cancer Treatment: Expert Perspective

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses some key research developments in kidney cancer, including data on nivolumab and ipilimumab with or without CBM588 in metastatic renal cell carcinoma; intestinal microbiome associated with the development of grade 3 or 4 adverse events in patients with metastatic disease who have been treated with nivolumab plus ipilimumab and probiotic support; the link between TERT promoter mutations and clinical outcome with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for advanced urothelial cancer; mutations in the androgen receptor gene in patients with prostate cancer receiving novel androgen deprivation treatments; and findings on waning antibody titers in patients who have received COVID-19 vaccinations (Roundup of Abstracts 371, 561, 374, Posters 38 and 48).

Bladder Cancer

Laura Bukavina, MD, MPH, Wins ASCO Genitourinary Conquer Cancer Merit Award for Microbiome Research in Bladder Cancer

Laura Bukavina, MD, MPH, a Urologic oncology fellow at Fox Chase Cancer Center, has been awarded the ASCO Genitourinary Conquer Cancer Merit Award. She presented the winning abstract, which characterizes the gut microbiome of patients with bladder cancer, at the 2022 ASCO Genitourinary (GU) Cancers ...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Petros Grivas, MD, PhD, on Urothelial Cancer: New Data on Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy and Pembrolizumab

Petros Grivas, MD, PhD, of the University of Washington and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, discusses results from Cohort 3 of the TROPHY-U-01 study, which assessed sacituzumab govitecan-hziy in combination with pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who experienced disease progression after platinum-based regimens (Abstract 434).

bladder cancer

Massimo Di Maio, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: Data on Niraparib and Best Supportive Care as Maintenance Therapy

Massimo Di Maio, MD, of the University of Turin, discusses the Meet-URO12 study, which showed that maintenance niraparib plus best supportive care (BSC) did not prolong progression-free survival, compared with BSC alone, among patients with urothelial cancer that did not progress after first-line platinum-based chemotherapy.

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, on Urothelial Cancer: New Conclusions About Durvalumab Plus Olaparib

Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II findings from the BAYOU trial, which studied durvalumab in combination with olaparib for first-line treatment of platinum-ineligible patients with unresectable, stage IV urothelial carcinoma. Because secondary analyses indicated a potential progression-free survival benefit with this combination, there may be a role for PARP inhibitors in the treatment of advanced disease with homologous recombination repair mutation (Abstract 437).

issues in oncology
bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer

Karen E. Knudsen, PhD, MBA, on Addressing Disparities in Genitourinary Cancers

Karen E. Knudsen, PhD, MBA, Chief Executive Officer of the American Cancer Society, discusses ways to address the inequities in genitourinary screening, treatment, and outcomes. Her suggestions focus on increasing awareness of screening, identifying risk factors, the dramatic rise in incidence among Hispanic individuals, and the basis for increased mortality in Black men.

bladder cancer

Wesley Yip, MD, on Urothelial Carcinoma: New Data on Neoadjuvant Gemcitabine and Cisplatin

Wesley Yip, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses phase II results on neoadjuvant gemcitabine and cisplatin for high-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma, which was well tolerated and demonstrated a favorable pathologic response rate. Dr. Yip notes that this treatment, given prior to nephroureterectomy, did not significantly delay surgery or increase perioperative complication rates.

bladder cancer

Simon J. Crabb, PhD, MBBS, on Urothelial Carcinoma: Switch Maintenance Therapy With Rucaparib Following Chemotherapy

Simon J. Crabb, PhD, MBBS, of the Southampton Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre, discusses data from the ATLANTIS trial, in which the authors hypothesized that switch maintenance therapy with the PARP inhibitor rucaparib, in patients who have derived clinical benefit from first-line chemotherapy, may improve outcomes for those with metastatic urothelial carcinoma that harbored a composite biomarker for DNA repair deficiency (Abstract 436).

Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Minority Enrollment in U.S. Phase II and III Trials in Genitourinary Cancers

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Owens-Walton et al found that minority populations are underrepresented in phase II and III trials targeting prostate, kidney, and bladder cancers taking place in the United States. Study Details In the analysis, the ClinicalTrials.gov...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, on Bladder Cancer: Study EV-103 Cohort H Findings on Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv

Daniel P. Petrylak, MD, of Yale Cancer Center, discusses new data on the antitumor activity of neoadjuvant treatment with enfortumab vedotin-ejfv monotherapy in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer who are not eligible for cisplatin.

Bladder Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Study Examines Predictive Biomarker for Bladder Cancer Survival

Long-term survival data from the first prospective, randomized biomarker validation trial in patients with muscle-invasive bladder cancer being treated with cisplatin-based chemotherapy before surgery are being reported at the 2022 ASCO Genitourinary Cancers Symposium by Thomas W. Flaig, MD, and...

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