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Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-427: First-Line Pembrolizumab in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by McDermott et al, findings in a cohort of the phase II KEYNOTE-427 study showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced durable responses as first-line treatment for advanced non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma. In a separate cohort of the study,...

kidney cancer

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on Renal Cell Cancer Highlights From the 2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses key abstracts discussed at this year’s meeting on renal cell carcinoma and offers her views on the latest trends and findings (Abstracts 269, 308, 270, 313).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on RCC: Outcomes With Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-426 study—specifically, an exploratory subgroup analysis of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who were randomly assigned to receive pembrolizumab plus axitinib and completed 2 years of treatment (Abstract 327).

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Advanced RCC: Tivozanib to Treat Disease Progression After Axitinib

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses findings of the TIVO-3 study, which showed that the tyrosine kinase inhibitor tivozanib improved progression-free survival vs sorafenib in patients whose advanced renal cell carcinoma progressed after multiple lines of therapy (Abstract 278).

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Papillary RCC: Sunitinib vs Cabozantinib, Crizotinib, or Savolitinib in Metastatic Disease

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses phase II results from the SWOG 1500 study, which showed that compared with crizotinib and savolitinib, cabozantinib was the only agent that prolonged progression-free survival vs sunitinib in patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 270).

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Treating GU Malignancies: Expert Views

A spirited discussion ensued when we asked Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Cancer Research UK Barts Centre, to compare notes on how they treat bladder, prostate, and kidney cancers.

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Clear Cell RCC: Treatment With Belzutifan Plus Cabozantinib

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuses a preliminary phase II analysis of the HIF-2a inhibitor belzutifan in combination with cabozantinib, which showed antitumor activity in previously treated patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 272).

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-427: First-Line Pembrolizumab in Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by McDermott et al, findings in a cohort of the phase II KEYNOTE-427 study showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced durable responses as first-line treatment for advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma. In a separate cohort of the study,...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Treatment With Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab or Everolimus vs Sunitinib

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase III results of the CLEAR study, which showed that for first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma, lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab improved outcomes vs sunitinib. Lenvatinib plus everolimus also improved progression-free survival and overall survival rates vs sunitinib (Abstract 269).

Kidney Cancer

Lenvatinib Combination Regimens vs Sunitinib in Renal Cell Carcinoma: Phase III CLEAR Trial

The combination of lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab showed superiority over sunitinib in terms of overall survival, progression-free survival, and objective response rate in patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), according to results of the phase III CLEAR trial. The CLEAR study ...

Kidney Cancer
COVID-19

Implications of Delaying Surgery for Renal Cell Carcinoma During the COVID-19 Pandemic

During the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, several elective surgeries for renal cell carcinoma were delayed, with an unknown impact on outcomes for patients. In a retrospective study, researchers from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey explored the impact of surgical delays for these patients...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib Shows Sustained Benefits as First-Line Treatment for Advanced RCC

New analyses from the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial are being presented at the 2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium. These new findings demonstrate clinically meaningful, sustained efficacy benefits as well as quality-of-life improvements with the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib compared...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On January 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and cabozantinib (Cabometyx) as first-line treatment for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. CheckMate 9ER Efficacy was evaluated in CheckMate 9ER, a randomized, open-label trial in...

Kidney Cancer

Evolving Landscape of First-Line Therapy for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the past 3 years, we have seen a dramatic shift in the treatment paradigm for first-line therapy for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Multiple phase III clinical trials have demonstrated improved efficacy with combinations compared with sunitinib, leading to the regulatory approval of ...

Kidney Cancer

No Benefit of Adjuvant Sorafenib in Intermediate- or High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase III trial (SORCE) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tim Eisen, FMedSci, FRCP, PhD, of Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, and colleagues found no disease-free survival benefit with 3 years of sorafenib vs placebo as adjuvant therapy in patients with renal...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Extended Follow-up of KEYNOTE-426: First-Line Pembrolizumab/Axitinib vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, and colleagues, extended follow-up of the phase III KEYNOTE-426 trial shows continued progression-free and overall survival superiority with pembrolizumab/axitinib vs sunitinib in the first-line treatment of advanced renal cell...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Response-Based Management of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab Therapy in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase II OMNIVORE study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rana R. McKay, MD, and colleagues did not find evidence supporting a strategy of discontinuing nivolumab monotherapy in responders and adding ipilimumab in nivolumab nonresponders among patients with metastatic renal cell...

Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Leukemia
Solid Tumors
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancer, Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma; Fast Track Designations in CLL and Solid Tumors

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for EGFR-mutant lung cancer and advanced renal cell carcinoma; granted Fast Track designation to agents in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors; and more....

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sorafenib vs Placebo in Patients With Kidney Cancer at Intermediate or High Risk of Relapse

In the phase III SORCE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eisen et al found no benefit of sorafenib vs placebo as adjuvant therapy in patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate or high risk of disease recurrence. Study Details The double-blind trial included 1,711 patients...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Camillo Porta, MD

Acknowledging there are now expanded therapeutic choices in the first-line setting for advanced renal cell carcinoma, formal study discussant Camillo Porta, MD, of the University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy, said that studies of the immunotherapy combinations could not be compared directly. “We should ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib Improves Outcomes vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was found to be superior to the former standard, sunitinib, in the first-line treatment of advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to the results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology...

Kidney Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Is ctDNA Effective in Detecting Genomic Alterations in Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer?

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis is a minimally invasive genomic assessment tool utilizing targeted next-generation sequencing of peripheral blood. At the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020, Zengin et al reported genomic results from a large cohort of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab as First-Line Therapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses results from the COSMIC-021 study, which tested two different doses of cabozantinib, each with a standard dose of atezolizumab, administered to patients with metastatic advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Dr. Pal reports on response rates and progression-free survival, as well as biologic correlates that may have influenced response (Abstract 702O).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the first results from the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial, which suggested the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib is safe. It showed activity in progression-free and overall survival, as well as in overall response rates and may have a place in treating patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 696O_PR).

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 9ER Trial Shows Benefit of Novel Doublet for Advanced Kidney Cancer

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was superior to the former standard, sunitinib, as first-line treatment for advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and colleagues at the ESMO Virtual...

Immunotherapy
Kidney Cancer

Link Between Gut Microbiome and Treatment Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer

Researchers have found that greater gut microbial diversity in patients with metastatic kidney cancer is associated with better treatment outcomes in those receiving immunotherapy. These findings were published by Salgia et al in European Urology. “We also reported the changes over time in the gut...

Kidney Cancer

Study Supports Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Extended analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-426 study upholds pembrolizumab plus axitinib as a preferred front-line regimen over sunitinib in patients with advanced sporadic renal cell carcinoma.1 These updated results were presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Elizabeth R....

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Salvage Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab After Prior Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology,1 Anita Gul, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that salvage therapy with nivolumab/ipilimumab was capable of producing a response after prior PD-1 pathway inhibitor therapy in some patients with...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Combination Treatments Improve Outcomes vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Two recently reported phase III trials have shown the benefits of combination therapy vs sunitinib in the first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Brian I. Rini, MD, of Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues, the ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Indications and New Drugs for the Treament of Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma

Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib: On April 19, 2019, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was approved for use in combination with the small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. Approval was based on findings in the phase...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Rechallenge in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program1 and published as a brief report in JAMA Oncology,2 Praful Ravi, MB, BChir, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, and colleagues found that rechallenge with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy was capable of producing...

Prostate Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Genitourinary Oncology Highlights 2019–2020 Almanac

Over the past year, we have seen significant advances in the treatment of prostate, kidney, and urothelial cancers that will benefit patients now and in the future. We have learned about the final results of important clinical trials across multiple genitourinary cancers disease states leading to...

Kidney Cancer
Lung Cancer
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Solid Tumors
Skin Cancer
Lymphoma
Pancreatic Cancer
Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Designations in Kidney and Lung Cancers, Myelodysplastic Syndromes, and More

Over the past few weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has issued designations and accepted applications for novel agents, as well as approved companion diagnostics. We summarize these regulatory movements below. Breakthrough Therapy Designation for MK-6482 in von Hippel-Lindau...

Kidney Cancer

Savolitinib vs Sunitinib in MET-Driven Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma

Targeting MET alterations with savolitinib appears to be a better strategy than sunitinib for patients with MET-driven papillary renal cell carcinoma, according to results of the open-label, randomized, phase III SAVOIR trial.1 Patients with MET-driven metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma...

Kidney Cancer

Study Supports Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Extended analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-426 study upholds pembrolizumab plus axitinib as a preferred front-line regimen over sunitinib in patients with advanced sporadic renal cell carcinoma.1 These updated results were presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Elizabeth R. Plimack,...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Salvage Nivolumab/Ipilimumab After Prior Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gul et al found that salvage therapy with nivolumab/ipilimumab was capable of producing a response after prior programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) pathway inhibitor therapy in some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details The...

Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Lymphoma
Hematologic Malignancies
Kidney Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track Designations in Colorectal and Pancreatic Cancers, Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma/Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted Fast Track designation to agents designed to treat colorectal and pancreatic cancers, in addition to lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia; accepted a new drug application for a treatment for relapsed or...

Kidney Cancer

Percutaneous Cryoablation vs Partial or Radical Nephrectomy for Early-Stage Kidney Cancer

A minimally invasive procedure that destroys cancer cells by freezing them may be an option other than surgery for treating early-stage kidney cancer. The two methods showed similar 10-year survival rates, with cryoablation showing a lower rate of complications, according to a study published by...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunogenomic Characteristics of Advanced Clear Cell Kidney Cancer Treated With Checkpoint Inhibitors

By analyzing tumors from patients treated with immunotherapy for advanced kidney cancer in three clinical trials, scientists have identified several features of the tumors that influence their response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. The research was presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Rechallenge in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 5077) and published as a brief report in JAMA Oncology, Ravi et al found that rechallenge with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy was capable of producing responses in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including...

kidney cancer

Eric Jonasch, MD, on a Novel Therapy for Von Hippel-Lindau Disease–Associated RCC

Eric Jonasch, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase II study findings on the oral HIF-2α inhibitor known as MK-6482, which showed efficacy and tolerability in patients with Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL)–associated clear cell renal cell carcinoma as well as responses in other VHL-related lesions (Abstract 5003).

Breast Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Expert in Clinical Trial Methodology Makes His Mark in Genitourinary Cancer

In 2019, at the ASCO Annual Meeting, Ian Tannock, MD, PhD, DSc, FASCO, was honored with the Allen S. Lichter Visionary Award for his contributions to the fields of genitourinary and breast cancers as well as his efforts to optimize clinical trial design. The title of his lecture was “Clinical...

Kidney Cancer

HIF2A Inhibitor for von Hippel-Lindau Disease–Associated Renal Cell Carcinoma

In an international trial, treatment with MK-6482, a small-molecule inhibitor of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2a, was well tolerated and resulted in clinical responses for patients with von Hippel-Lindau disease–associated renal cell carcinoma (RCC). The results of the phase II trial were shared ...

Kidney Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Can Pain After Prostatectomy or Nephrectomy Be Managed Without Opioids?

The use of opioids continues to be major issue facing patients with cancer in the United States. Most patients undergoing prostate and kidney removal may be managed effectively without opioids during the postoperative period, according to new data from researchers in Pittsburgh highlighted during a ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Leukemia
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Two Breakthrough Therapy Designations for Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki, and More

Over the past few weeks, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Breakthrough Therapy designations for an antibody-drug conjugate in the treatment of gastric and lung cancers. The Agency has also issued Orphan Drug designations for agents being investigated in chronic myeloid...

Kidney Cancer
Neuroendocrine Tumors
Issues in Oncology
Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer

Selected Poster Presentations on Cancer Therapeutics and More

Although the live 2020 National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Annual Conference was canceled, more than 100 posters scheduled for presentation are now available online, as part of the NCCN 2020 Virtual Annual Conference. The ASCO Post has summarized some of the clinical trial updates we found ...

Prostate Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Brief Highlights on Novel Therapies for Prostate, Bladder, and Kidney Cancers

Attendees gathered at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco to hear the latest news about treating patients with cancers of the prostate, bladder, kidneys, and testicles. In addition to the comprehensive coverage of the meeting in The ASCO Post, here are some brief highlights...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adding Radiotherapy to Immunotherapy in Renal Cell Carcinoma: Studies Find Mixed Results

Despite recent enthusiasm for combining stereotactic body radiation therapy with immunotherapy in renal cell carcinoma, two preliminary studies presented at the 2020 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium suggest that it may not be the best path forward. In one study, the combination of nivolumab plus...

Kidney Cancer

Addition of Vincristine/Irinotecan to Established Chemotherapy Regimen in Patients With Diffuse Anaplastic Wilms Tumor

In a Children’s Oncology Group study (AREN0321) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Daw et al found that the addition of vincristine/irinotecan to a regimen used in the National Wilms Tumor Study 5 (NWTS-5; vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, carboplatin, and etoposide plus...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Navid Hafez, MD, MPH

Ilixadencel is essentially a dendritic cell vaccine without preloaded antigens. In the MERECA study, ilixadencel produced “a great signal,” though this approach is still very experimental, said the study’s invited discussant, Navid Hafez, MD, MPH, of Yale Cancer Center. Dr. Hafez is a member of the ...

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