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Kidney Cancer

New Study Finds Baseline Brain Imaging Should Be Considered for Patients With Metastatic RCC

A report published by Kotecha et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network suggests that baseline brain imaging should be considered in most patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Researchers found incidental brain metastases occur in a clinically significant...

kidney cancer
skin cancer

Samra Turajlic, MBBS, PhD, on Understanding Metastatic Disease in Renal Cancer and Melanoma

Samra Turajlic, MBBS, PhD, of The Francis Crick Institute, discusses our limited understanding of metastases in terms of the timing of dissemination, the many metastatic phenotypes and varieties of seeding, as well as how the spread of cancer evades the immune system and resists treatment. Expanding this knowledge base is critical to better managing malignant disease.

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Brian I. Rini, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Data on Atezolizumab, Bevacizumab, and Sunitinib

Brian I. Rini, MD, of Vanderbilt University, discusses the IMmotion151 trial results on overall survival and the association of gene expression and clinical outcomes with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab vs sunitinib in patients with locally advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract CT188).

Kidney Cancer

Expert Point of View: David A. Braun, MD, PhD

Invited discussant David A. Braun, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, said there are a couple of established pillars of systemic therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC). “An immune checkpoint inhibitor is a strong pillar, a [vascular endothelial growth factor tyrosine...

Kidney Cancer

Belzutifan Shows Activity in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma, Both as a Single Agent and in Combination Therapy

Separate studies presented at the 2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium provide supportive evidence for belzutifan (formerly MK-6482) as an active treatment for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC). One study showed single-agent activity for this novel approach in an early-phase trial,...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Xin Gao, MD

Xin Gao, MD, a medical oncologist at Mass General Hospital and Instructor at Harvard Medical School, said these were important findings. “Analyses of patient-reported outcomes pertaining to health-related quality-of-life measures from CheckMate 9ER showed significantly improved quality-of-life...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Results of the CheckMate 9ER phase III trial showed significantly improved patient-reported outcomes in quality of life for first-line treatment with nivolumab plus cabozantinib compared with sunitinib for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.1 These findings are in line with the previously...

Kidney Cancer

Pembrolizumab in First-Line Treatment of Metastatic Clear Cell and Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

The treatment paradigm for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma has undergone a dramatic shift over the past few years, improving outcomes for many patients but leaving many unanswered questions as to how to optimally choose the best treatment for an individual patient. The changes are...

Kidney Cancer

KEYNOTE-427: First-Line Pembrolizumab Shows Activity in Advanced Clear Cell and Non–Clear Cell Kidney Cancers

As reported in two articles in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by David F. McDermott, MD, of Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, and colleagues, the phase II KEYNOTE-427 study showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced durable responses as first-line treatment in cohorts of patients with...

kidney cancer

Eric Jonasch, MD, on Hereditary Renal Cell Carcinoma: Screening, Diagnosis, and Management

Eric Jonasch, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the several hereditary renal cell cancer syndromes, the importance of surveillance for both renal and nonrenal manifestations, and the treatment options available.

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib as First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On January 22, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib as first-line treatment for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma.1-3 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the findings of the phase III, open-label CheckMate 9ER trial...

Kidney Cancer

SWOG 1500: Cabozantinib Extends Progression-Free Survival vs Sunitinib in Metastatic Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma

Cabozantinib achieved a statistically significant and clinically meaningful extension in progression-free survival compared with sunitinib in patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma, a relatively uncommon type of renal cell carcinoma, according to the randomized phase II SWOG 1500...

Kidney Cancer

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab Combination Improves Outcomes vs Sunitinib in Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab was superior to sunitinib for progression-free and overall survival as well as other key endpoints in patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), according to results of the phase III CLEAR trial presented at the 2021 Genitourinary ...

Kidney Cancer
Lung Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review for Kidney Cancer Treatment, Fast Track Designation for NSCLC Treatment

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to the HIF-2α inhibitor belzutifan for the treatment of patients with von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) disease–associated renal cell carcinoma. The agency also granted Fast Track designation to poziotinib for the treatment of...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 9ER: First-Line Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib vs Sunitinib for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and colleagues, the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial has shown that the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib improved progression-free survival and overall survival vs sunitinib in first-line treatment of patients with...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy for Advanced Kidney Cancer: Effect of Body Mass Index

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Lalani et al found that higher body mass index (BMI) was associated with better overall survival among patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving anti­–PD-1/PD-L1–based immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment. No association of...

Kidney Cancer

FDA Approves Tivozanib for Relapsed or Refractory Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On March 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved tivozanib (Fotivda), a kinase inhibitor, for adult patients with relapsed or refractory advanced renal cell carcinoma following two or more prior systemic therapies. TIVO-3 Efficacy was evaluated in TIVO-3 (ClinicalTrials.gov...

Kidney Cancer

SWOG 1500: Cabozantinib, Crizotinib, or Savolitinib vs Sunitinib in Metastatic Papillary Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase II SWOG 1500 study reported in The Lancet, Pal et al found that among three comparator MET kinase inhibitors, cabozantinib prolonged progression-free survival vs sunitinib in metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma. Study Details In the open-label trial, 147 eligible patients from...

Kidney Cancer

CLEAR Trial: Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab or Everolimus vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Motzer et al, the phase III CLEAR trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival with lenvatinib in combination with either pembrolizumab or everolimus vs sunitinib and prolonged overall survival with the lenvatinib/pembrolizumab...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-427: First-Line Pembrolizumab in Advanced Non–Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by McDermott et al, findings in a cohort of the phase II KEYNOTE-427 study showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced durable responses as first-line treatment for advanced non–clear cell renal cell carcinoma. In a separate cohort of the study,...

kidney cancer

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on Renal Cell Cancer Highlights From the 2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses key abstracts discussed at this year’s meeting on renal cell carcinoma and offers her views on the latest trends and findings (Abstracts 269, 308, 270, 313).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, on RCC: Outcomes With Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib

Elizabeth R. Plimack, MD, of Fox Chase Cancer Center, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-426 study—specifically, an exploratory subgroup analysis of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who were randomly assigned to receive pembrolizumab plus axitinib and completed 2 years of treatment (Abstract 327).

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Advanced RCC: Tivozanib to Treat Disease Progression After Axitinib

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses findings of the TIVO-3 study, which showed that the tyrosine kinase inhibitor tivozanib improved progression-free survival vs sorafenib in patients whose advanced renal cell carcinoma progressed after multiple lines of therapy (Abstract 278).

kidney cancer

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Papillary RCC: Sunitinib vs Cabozantinib, Crizotinib, or Savolitinib in Metastatic Disease

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of City of Hope, discusses phase II results from the SWOG 1500 study, which showed that compared with crizotinib and savolitinib, cabozantinib was the only agent that prolonged progression-free survival vs sunitinib in patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 270).

bladder cancer
kidney cancer
prostate cancer

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Treating GU Malignancies: Expert Views

A spirited discussion ensued when we asked Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Cancer Research UK Barts Centre, to compare notes on how they treat bladder, prostate, and kidney cancers.

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on Clear Cell RCC: Treatment With Belzutifan Plus Cabozantinib

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discuses a preliminary phase II analysis of the HIF-2a inhibitor belzutifan in combination with cabozantinib, which showed antitumor activity in previously treated patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 272).

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-427: First-Line Pembrolizumab in Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by McDermott et al, findings in a cohort of the phase II KEYNOTE-427 study showed that pembrolizumab monotherapy produced durable responses as first-line treatment for advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma. In a separate cohort of the study,...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Treatment With Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab or Everolimus vs Sunitinib

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses phase III results of the CLEAR study, which showed that for first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma, lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab improved outcomes vs sunitinib. Lenvatinib plus everolimus also improved progression-free survival and overall survival rates vs sunitinib (Abstract 269).

Kidney Cancer

Lenvatinib Combination Regimens vs Sunitinib in Renal Cell Carcinoma: Phase III CLEAR Trial

The combination of lenvatinib plus pembrolizumab showed superiority over sunitinib in terms of overall survival, progression-free survival, and objective response rate in patients with advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC), according to results of the phase III CLEAR trial. The CLEAR study ...

Kidney Cancer
COVID-19

Implications of Delaying Surgery for Renal Cell Carcinoma During the COVID-19 Pandemic

During the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, several elective surgeries for renal cell carcinoma were delayed, with an unknown impact on outcomes for patients. In a retrospective study, researchers from Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey explored the impact of surgical delays for these patients...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib Shows Sustained Benefits as First-Line Treatment for Advanced RCC

New analyses from the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial are being presented at the 2021 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium. These new findings demonstrate clinically meaningful, sustained efficacy benefits as well as quality-of-life improvements with the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib compared...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib for Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On January 22, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and cabozantinib (Cabometyx) as first-line treatment for patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. CheckMate 9ER Efficacy was evaluated in CheckMate 9ER, a randomized, open-label trial in...

Kidney Cancer

Evolving Landscape of First-Line Therapy for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the past 3 years, we have seen a dramatic shift in the treatment paradigm for first-line therapy for metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Multiple phase III clinical trials have demonstrated improved efficacy with combinations compared with sunitinib, leading to the regulatory approval of ...

Kidney Cancer

No Benefit of Adjuvant Sorafenib in Intermediate- or High-Risk Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase III trial (SORCE) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tim Eisen, FMedSci, FRCP, PhD, of Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, and colleagues found no disease-free survival benefit with 3 years of sorafenib vs placebo as adjuvant therapy in patients with renal...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Extended Follow-up of KEYNOTE-426: First-Line Pembrolizumab/Axitinib vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, and colleagues, extended follow-up of the phase III KEYNOTE-426 trial shows continued progression-free and overall survival superiority with pembrolizumab/axitinib vs sunitinib in the first-line treatment of advanced renal cell...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Response-Based Management of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab Therapy in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In the phase II OMNIVORE study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rana R. McKay, MD, and colleagues did not find evidence supporting a strategy of discontinuing nivolumab monotherapy in responders and adding ipilimumab in nivolumab nonresponders among patients with metastatic renal cell...

Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Leukemia
Solid Tumors
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancer, Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma; Fast Track Designations in CLL and Solid Tumors

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for EGFR-mutant lung cancer and advanced renal cell carcinoma; granted Fast Track designation to agents in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors; and more....

Kidney Cancer

Adjuvant Sorafenib vs Placebo in Patients With Kidney Cancer at Intermediate or High Risk of Relapse

In the phase III SORCE trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Eisen et al found no benefit of sorafenib vs placebo as adjuvant therapy in patients with renal cell carcinoma at intermediate or high risk of disease recurrence. Study Details The double-blind trial included 1,711 patients...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Camillo Porta, MD

Acknowledging there are now expanded therapeutic choices in the first-line setting for advanced renal cell carcinoma, formal study discussant Camillo Porta, MD, of the University of Bari Aldo Moro, Italy, said that studies of the immunotherapy combinations could not be compared directly. “We should ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib Improves Outcomes vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was found to be superior to the former standard, sunitinib, in the first-line treatment of advanced or metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to the results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology...

Kidney Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Is ctDNA Effective in Detecting Genomic Alterations in Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer?

Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis is a minimally invasive genomic assessment tool utilizing targeted next-generation sequencing of peripheral blood. At the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020, Zengin et al reported genomic results from a large cohort of patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab as First-Line Therapy

Sumanta K. Pal, MD, of the City of Hope National Medical Center, discusses results from the COSMIC-021 study, which tested two different doses of cabozantinib, each with a standard dose of atezolizumab, administered to patients with metastatic advanced clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Dr. Pal reports on response rates and progression-free survival, as well as biologic correlates that may have influenced response (Abstract 702O).

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, on RCC: Nivolumab Plus Cabozantinib vs Sunitinib in First-Line Treatment

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the first results from the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial, which suggested the combination of nivolumab and cabozantinib is safe. It showed activity in progression-free and overall survival, as well as in overall response rates and may have a place in treating patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (Abstract 696O_PR).

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 9ER Trial Shows Benefit of Novel Doublet for Advanced Kidney Cancer

The combination of nivolumab plus cabozantinib was superior to the former standard, sunitinib, as first-line treatment for advanced/metastatic renal cell carcinoma, according to results of the phase III CheckMate 9ER trial reported by Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and colleagues at the ESMO Virtual...

Immunotherapy
Kidney Cancer

Link Between Gut Microbiome and Treatment Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Kidney Cancer

Researchers have found that greater gut microbial diversity in patients with metastatic kidney cancer is associated with better treatment outcomes in those receiving immunotherapy. These findings were published by Salgia et al in European Urology. “We also reported the changes over time in the gut...

Kidney Cancer

Study Supports Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib in Previously Untreated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Extended analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-426 study upholds pembrolizumab plus axitinib as a preferred front-line regimen over sunitinib in patients with advanced sporadic renal cell carcinoma.1 These updated results were presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Elizabeth R....

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Salvage Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab After Prior Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology,1 Anita Gul, MD, of the Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues found that salvage therapy with nivolumab/ipilimumab was capable of producing a response after prior PD-1 pathway inhibitor therapy in some patients with...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Combination Treatments Improve Outcomes vs Sunitinib in Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

Two recently reported phase III trials have shown the benefits of combination therapy vs sunitinib in the first-line treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma. As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Brian I. Rini, MD, of Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Institute, and colleagues, the ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Indications and New Drugs for the Treament of Patients With Renal Cell Carcinoma

Pembrolizumab Plus Axitinib: On April 19, 2019, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was approved for use in combination with the small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor axitinib (Inlyta) for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. Approval was based on findings in the phase...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Rechallenge in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program1 and published as a brief report in JAMA Oncology,2 Praful Ravi, MB, BChir, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, and colleagues found that rechallenge with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy was capable of producing...

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