Advertisement

Advertisement

Solid Tumors
Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab for Children and Young Adults With Relapsed or Refractory Solid Tumors or Lymphoma

In the phase I/II ADVL1412 study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Davis et al identified the phase II dosage of nivolumab monotherapy in children and young adults with relapsed or refractory solid tumors or lymphoma. Objective responses were observed in patients with lymphoma, but not in those with ...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 Trial Finds No Survival Benefit for Maintenance Avelumab

In the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 trial, a strategy called “switch maintenance” with the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab after 12 weeks of first-line induction chemotherapy did not statistically improve overall survival for treatment-naive patients with HER2-negative advanced gastric or...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD

The analysis by Chao et al “highlights how well patients with MSI-H tumors do, compared to microsatellite-stable patients, and how much better they do in a randomized setting, being exposed to immunotherapy as compared to standard-of-care chemotherapy…The data also show that this is a...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in MSI-H and CPS ≥ 10 Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer: Subanalysis of KEYNOTE-059, -061, and -062

The survival benefit of pembrolizumab in advanced gastric/gastroesophageal junction cancer with microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) tumors or a combined positive score (CPS) ≥ 10 was established in post hoc subanalysis of three KEYNOTE trials. Findings were presented at the 2020...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Christopher M. Booth, MD

Christopher M. Booth, MD, the invited discussant of the BEACON CRC quality-of-life findings, applauded the investigators for choosing overall survival and quality of life as endpoints in a trial that benefits a “vulnerable patient population with unmet needs.” Patients with BRAF-mutated metastatic...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Mature Follow-up of BEACON CRC Study Reports Quality-of-Life Measures and Survival Outcomes

For patients with previously treated metastatic colorectal cancer harboring BRAF V600E mutations, the phase III BEACON CRC study showed the benefit for combining two or three targeted agents vs the standard of care.1 With further follow-up, the study has now also shown a benefit for the triplet and ...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

TAPUR Basket Study: Biomarker-Driven Treatment Strategies Yield Benefits in Colorectal Cancer

Positive findings on the potential benefit of molecularly targeted drugs in patients with advanced colorectal cancer were presented at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, validating the purpose of ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study.1-3 TAPUR, the first...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: A. Craig Lockhart, MD

A. Craig Lockhart, MD, Professor of Medicine, University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center, applauded the study for making patient-reported outcomes a prespecified endpoint and described the value of having this information. Dr. Lockhart was the invited discussant. “The U.S. Food and...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

IMbrave150 Prespecified Analysis Adds Improved Quality-of-Life to Survival Benefits Reaped With Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab

New findings from a prespecified analysis of the pivotal IMbrave150 trial revealed improved quality of life for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma treated with atezolizumab plus bevacizumab in the first-line setting. These results were reported by Peter R. Galle, MD, at the 2020...

multiple myeloma
lymphoma
immunotherapy

A Discussion About CAR T-Cell Therapy for Multiple Myeloma and Lymphoma

Dr. Armitage discusses the role of CAR T-cell therapy in the management of multiple myeloma and lymphoma in a conversation with his colleagues Dr. Holstein and Dr. Lunning.

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Updated Analysis From KEYNOTE-189: Adding Pembrolizumab to Pemetrexed/Platinum for Nonsquamous NSCLC

An updated analysis from the phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial, reported by Shirish Gadgeel, MB, BS, and colleagues in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, indicated that the addition of pembrolizumab to pemetrexed/platinum chemotherapy continues to be associated with progression-free and overall survival...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Reintroduction of FOLFOXIRI Plus Bevacizumab in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In the Italian phase III TRIBE2 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cremolini et al found that reintroduction of FOLFOXIRI (fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan) plus bevacizumab after progression on upfront treatment with the regimen was associated with improved...

Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Selected Abstracts on Novel Treatments in Colon, Hepatocellular, and Biliary Tract Cancers

The ASCO Post has reported on the pivotal trials presented at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium in several issues. Featured here are the findings of several additional abstracts worthy of mention. Intermittent Oxaliplatin in Stage II or III Colon Cancer As adjuvant treatment for stage II...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Sue Sun Yom, MD, PhD

Sue Sun Yom, MD, PhD, Professor of Radiation Oncology & Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery at the University of California, San Francisco, Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, said there is “reasonableness to further investigation” of the combination of programmed cell death...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Plus Radiotherapy Worthy of Further Study in Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Head and Neck Cancer

The combination of the checkpoint inhibitor pembrolizumab and definitive radiation therapy appears to be a safe and feasible option for patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer who are not eligible for cisplatin, according to data presented at the 2020 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD

Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD, of the University of Chicago Medical Center and Biological Sciences, emphasized the value of the patient having microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) status as a biomarker for immunotherapy. The analysis by Chao et al “highlights how well patients with MSI-H tumors do,...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Survival Benefits Achieved With Pembrolizumab in MSI-H and CPS ≥ 10 Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

Post hoc subanalyses of three KEYNOTE trials established the survival benefit of pembrolizumab in advanced gastric/gastroesophageal junction cancer with microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) tumors or a programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥ 10 (ie, the number of...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab/Ipilimumab for Pretreated Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On March 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) and ipilimumab (Yervoy) for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have been previously treated with sorafenib. CheckMate 040 Efficacy of the combination was...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Navid Hafez, MD, MPH

Ilixadencel is essentially a dendritic cell vaccine without preloaded antigens. In the MERECA study, ilixadencel produced “a great signal,” though this approach is still very experimental, said the study’s invited discussant, Navid Hafez, MD, MPH, of Yale Cancer Center. Dr. Hafez is a member of the ...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Off-the-Shelf Dendritic Vaccine Shows Benefit in Kidney Cancer

Ilixadencel is a cell-based, allogeneic, off-the-shelf product aimed at priming the anticancer immune response when injected intratumorally. The phase II MERECA study evaluated this allogeneic dendritic cell product given with sunitinib in 88 patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. The study ...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

First-Line Cladribine With Concurrent or Delayed Rituximab for Hairy Cell Leukemia

In a phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Robert J. Kreitman, MD, and colleagues found that achievement of minimal residual disease–free complete remission for patients with hairy cell leukemia was enhanced by adding concurrent rituximab to first-line cladribine; a lesser...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Selected ASH Abstracts on Novel Treatments in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

To complement The ASCO Post’s continued comprehensive coverage of the 2019 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel therapies for newly diagnosed and relapsed or refractory acute...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, MD, PhD

Javier Pinilla-Ibarz, MD, PhD, of Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, commented on this study: “ELEVATE TN compared front-line treatment with acalabrutinib alone or in combination with obinutuzumab vs obinutuzumab/chlorambucil and showed that a second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK)...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Acalabrutinib Plus Obinutuzumab Superior to Obinutuzumab Plus Chlorambucil as Front-Line Treatment of CLL

Ibrutinib was the first Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor to dramatically transform the treatment of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and other hematologic malignancies. The second-generation BTK inhibitor acalabrutinib is a more selective BTK inhibitor designed to have an...

Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Charles G. Drake, MD, PhD

In an interview with The ASCO Post, Charles G. Drake, MD, PhD, expounded on the results of the COSMIC-021 trial. Dr. Drake is Division Director for GU Oncology, Co-Director of the Cancer Immunotherapy Program, and Co-Leader of the Tumor Biology and Microenvironment Program at the Herbert Irving...

Prostate Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Combination of Cabozantinib Plus Atezolizumab Shows Benefit in Patients With Advanced Prostate Cancer

The combination of the small-molecule tyrosine kinase inhibitor cabozantinib (inhibits VEGF, AXL, MET, and others), plus the immune checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab achieved encouraging activity in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer, according to the results of...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and a gastrointestinal oncologist himself, was pleased to see the TAPUR study bearing fruit among patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. “Colorectal cancer is a very common disease, but we have not made much progress in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO’s TAPUR Study: Biomarker-Driven Treatment Paying Off in Colorectal Cancer

New data presented at the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium are validating the purpose of ASCO’s Targeted Agent and Profiling Utilization Registry (TAPUR) study, a multibasket trial that matches patients’ genomic alterations to commercially available targeted therapies. The aim is to learn...

Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Expert Point of View: Jarushka Naidoo, MBBCh

“The investigators of the current study tested the hypothesis that vitamin D supplementation is associated with a reduced risk of checkpoint-induced colitis by rigorously assessing 37 variables in both discovery and validation cohorts,” said invited discussant Jarushka Naidoo, MBBCh, Assistant...

Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

Vitamin D Supplementation May Protect Against Checkpoint Inhibitor–Induced Colitis

Vitamin D supplementation prior to starting immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy may significantly reduce the odds of developing colitis, according to a study conducted at Harvard Medical School. Although this was a retrospective chart review, the association was relatively strong in the...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer

Small Study Explores Impact of Novel Regimen on Pembrolizumab for Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In the phase II KEYNOTE-890 trial, patients with inoperable advanced triple-negative breast cancer who received one intratumoral tavokinogene telseplasmid injection followed by electroporation and pembrolizumab, several patients with skin or subcutaneous tumors saw metastatic lesions disappear,...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase III SOPHIA Trial Evaluates Margetuximab/Chemotherapy vs Trastuzumab/Chemotherapy for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

The second interim analysis of the phase III SOPHIA trial demonstrated a significant though modest improvement in progression-free survival, response rate, and clinical benefit with the addition of margetuximab to chemotherapy vs trastuzumab plus chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive...

Immunotherapy
Breast Cancer

Phase III KEYNOTE-522: Pembrolizumab Benefits Outcome in Neoadjuvant, Adjuvant Settings in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

In patients with triple-negative breast cancer, the addition of pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapy achieves higher rates of pathologic complete response compared with placebo, according to results of the phase III KEYNOTE-522 trial presented at the 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Conference Highlights From the 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium

More than 7,500 specialists in breast oncology from over 90 countries attended the 2019 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium (SABCS) held last December. Researchers convened to present a wide-ranging array of abstracts and posters featuring important new data in the treatment of breast cancer....

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Plus Bevacizumab for Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase Ib/II trial (BTRC-GU14-003) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Dudek et al found that the combination of pembrolizumab and bevacizumab showed activity in patients with metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma. As stated by the investigators, “Anti-angiogenic treatment has...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Concurrent Pembrolizumab and Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced NSCLC

In a phase I trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Jabbour et al found that the use of pembrolizumab concurrently with chemoradiotherapy in advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was tolerable, and that progression-free survival with the combination therapy was 69.7% at 12 months. As stated by the...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Jared Weiss, MD, on Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck: When Standard Therapy is Contraindicated

Jared Weiss, MD, of the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, discusses outcomes for patients with stage III or IV disease who are ineligible for the standard treatment of cisplatin plus radiotherapy. His data suggest that treatment with pembrolizumab/radiotherapy instead is tolerable, with improvements seen in progression-free and overall survival (Abstract LBA1).

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan D. Schoenfeld, MD, MPH, on Oral Cavity Cancer: Neoadjuvant Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab

Jonathan D. Schoenfeld, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Hospital, discusses phase II study results with the PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab or the combination of PD-1/CTLA-4 inhibition with nivolumab/ipilimumab in patients with newly diagnosed untreated oral cavity cancer (Abstract 1).

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Assuntina G. Sacco, MD, on Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Trial Results on Pembrolizumab and Cetuximab

Assuntina G. Sacco, MD, of the University of California, San Diego, discusses the results of a small phase II study, which suggest that pembrolizumab plus cetuximab may show activity for platinum-refractory/-ineligible patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (Abstract 15).

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Nadeem Riaz, MD, on Established and Emerging Biomarkers for Immunotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer

Nadeem Riaz, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the biomarkers that have emerged for immunotherapy and their tumor microenvironments, from PD-L1 staining and the Combined Positive Score to next-generation genomic technologies.

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD

Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine and Director of the Gastrointestinal Oncology Program at the University of Chicago, was the JAVELIN Gastric 100 study’s invited discussant. After offering an extensive background on the use of immunotherapy in gastric or gastroesophageal...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

No Survival Benefit for Maintenance Avelumab in Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

In the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 trial, a strategy called “switch maintenance” with the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab after 12 weeks of first-line induction chemotherapy did not statistically improve overall survival for treatment-naive patients with HER2-negative advanced gastric or...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in Early Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, and colleagues, interim analyses of the phase III KEYNOTE-522 trial have shown that the addition of pembrolizumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and use of adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo resulted in improvements in...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Plasma-Based Tumor Mutational Burden May Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Patients With Metastatic NSCLC

Patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with higher measures of tumor mutations that show up in a blood test generally have a better clinical response to certain immunotherapy treatments than patients with a lower measure of mutations. A clinical trial showed that in cases where liquid...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes and Retreatment Outcomes With Immunotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Advanced NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, and colleagues, long-term follow-up of patients with previously treated advanced programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the KEYNOTE-010 trial has shown a continued survival...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

2020 Head and Neck Cancers Symposium: Immune Restorative Agent May Boost Immunotherapy Response in Advanced Head and Neck Cancer

Immune modulation with checkpoint inhibitors has shown benefit in advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, but responses have been limited to a small number of patients. According to data presented by Gregory T. Wolf, MD, FACS, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head and...

Immunotherapy
Head and Neck Cancer

2020 Head and Neck Cancers Symposium: Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab for the Neoadjuvant Treatment of Patients With Oral Cavity Cancer

Results from a new clinical trial suggest that neoadjuvant immunotherapy for oral cavity cancers may elicit tumor regression, which could provide long-term benefit for patients. Findings were presented by Jonathan D. Schoenfeld, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center, and...

Immunotherapy
Head and Neck Cancer

2020 Head and Neck Cancers Symposium: Pembrolizumab Plus Radiotherapy for Platinum-Ineligible Patients With Locally Advanced HNSCC

A new phase II trial has found that the combination of radiation therapy and pembrolizumab led to improved survival outcomes and acceptable toxicity for patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The combination therapy may offer a new treatment option for...

Immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

As the number of solid organ transplants in the United States rises, cancer in this patient population is a growing concern. In fact, solid organ transplant recipients have an up to 50 times greater risk than the general population of developing skin cancers, and for kidney transplant recipients,...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan in HER2–Low-Expressing, Previously Treated Advanced Breast Cancer

In a phase Ib study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shanu Modi, MD, and colleagues found that the antibody-drug conjugate trastuzumab deruxtecan was active in HER2–low-expressing, previously treated advanced breast cancer. The drug component is a topoisomerase I inhibitor. The agent...

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement