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Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab for Unresectable or Metastatic Hepatocellular Carcinoma

On May 29, 2020, atezolizumab in combination with bevacizumab was approved for treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma who have not received prior systemic therapy.1-3 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in the international, open-label,...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

IMbrave150: A New Standard of Care to Treat Hepatocellular Cancers?

In 2007, sorafenib became the first approved systemic therapy for hepatocellular cancers and the first agent to improve overall survival in these patients.1 In a similar multikinase inhibitor strategy, lenvatinib was found to be noninferior to sorafenib in overall survival in the same patient...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Daniel Y. Heng, MD, MPH, and Toni K. Choueiri, MD

Study discussant Daniel Y. Heng, MD, MPH, a medical oncologist at Tom Baker Cancer Centre, University of Calgary, Canada, called the negative trial results important. IMvigor010 randomly assigned patients with high-risk muscle-invasive urothelial carcinoma to adjuvant atezolizumab or observation...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Atezolizumab Fails to Meet Primary Study Endpoint in High-Risk Bladder Cancer

Adjuvant atezolizumab, a PD-L1–blocking antibody, failed to meet the primary endpoint of disease-free survival in patients at high risk of recurrence of muscle-invasive bladder cancer compared with observation alone, according to the primary analysis of the IMvigor010 trial reported during the...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Suzanne Lentzsch, MD, PhD, and Joshua Richter, MD

Two myeloma specialists weighed in on the disappointing findings of SWOG S1211: Suzanne Lentzsch, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at Columbia University and Director of the Multiple Myeloma and Amyloidosis Service, and Joshua Richter, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Elotuzumab Fails to Add Benefit in Newly Diagnosed High-Risk Myeloma

The addition of elotuzumab to a standard three-drug induction regimen did not improve outcomes in patients with high-risk multiple myeloma enrolled in the randomized phase II SWOG S1211 trial, according to findings reported during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Saad Zafar Usmani, MD,...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Roundup of High-Impact Studies in Early Breast Cancer

Clinicians interested in breast cancer who logged into the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program were greeted with an abundance of high-impact presentations. The ASCO Post has reported on several studies in depth elsewhere, but here we offer our readers a roundup of several important studies in early...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

IMbrave150 Trial: Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab Improves Survival in Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Richard S. Finn, MD, of Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, and colleagues, the phase III IMbrave150 trial has shown that anti–programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) plus...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Philip McCarthy, MD

Philip McCarthy, MD, Professor of Oncology and Internal Medicine and Director of the Transplant and Cellular Therapy Center at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, New York, found the results of the DREAMM-6 study to be “exciting and promising.” He commented: “The overall response...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Responses Achieved With Belantamab Mafodotin in Relapsed or Refractory Myeloma

The antibody-drug conjugate belantamab mafodotin yielded responses as a single agent and in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone in the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, according to two reports from the DREAMM team at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1,2 In the...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase II Study Evaluates Chemotherapy and Immunotherapy in Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Data from the phase II PrE0505 multicenter trial showed that adding durvalumab, an immune checkpoint antibody targeting programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), to the combination of cisplatin and pemetrexed chemotherapy improved outcomes in previously untreated patients with unresectable malignant...

Immunotherapy

New NCCN Guidelines Offer Patients Help in Recognizing Side Effects From Immunotherapy

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recently announced the publication of “NCCN Guidelines for Patients: Immunotherapy Side Effects—Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors.” These new guidelines are designed to educate patients and to help them recognize immune side effects so effective...

immunotherapy

Efstathios Kastritis, MD, on Amyloidosis: Daratumumab Plus Cyclophosphamide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone

Efstathios Kastritis, MD, of the University of Athens, discusses phase III findings of the Andromeda study. Adding daratumumab to cyclophosphamide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone resulted in deeper and more rapid hematologic responses and improved clinical outcomes in patients with newly diagnosed light chain amyloidosis (Abstract LB2604).

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Addition of Trastuzumab to Carboplatin/Paclitaxel for Advanced or Recurrent HER2-Positive Uterine Serous Carcinoma

Combining the HER2-targeted therapy trastuzumab with carboplatin and paclitaxel improved survival rates for women with a rare, aggressive type of endometrial cancer, according to findings published by Fader et al in Clinical Cancer Research. Each year, more than 65,650 women in the United States...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Elizabeth H. Phillips, MD, on DLBCL: Inotuzumab Ozogamicin Plus Chemotherapy in Front-Line Setting

Elizabeth H. Phillips, MD, of the University of Manchester and The Christie Hospital, discusses phase II findings showing inotuzumab ozogamicin plus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisolone is a feasible and effective regimen for front-line treatment of high-risk patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who are not eligible for standard chemotherapy (Abstract S232).

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Longer-Term Results of Pivotal Study in Advanced Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

New, longer-term data from a pivotal phase II trial in advanced cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (CSCC), were presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program and discussed during a poster discussion.1 Danny Rischin, MD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Victoria, Australia, presented...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Final Analysis of Phase II Trial in Recurrent Platinum-Sensitive Ovarian Cancer

In a poster presentation at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, of the the Department of Oncology, Rigshopitalet, Copenhagen University Hospital, Denmark, and colleagues reported the final analysis of the phase II NSGO-AVANOVA2/ENGOT-OV24 trial comparing the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: TROPHIMMUN Trial

Two gynecologic oncologists and ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, commented on the findings of the TROPHIMMUN trial for The ASCO Post. “The authors demonstrate efficacy of a new treatment approach for gestational trophoblastic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Avelumab Shown Effective in Rare Chemotherapy-Resistant Gynecologic Tumor in TROPHIMMUN Trial

Almost 50% of patients resistant to single-agent chemotherapy responded in the first trial of immunotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumors, reported French investigators in an abstract presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1  Benoit You, MD, PhD, of Lyon University Hospital,...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Scott N. Gettinger, MD

Discussant for the CheckMate 227 and CheckMate 9LA trials, Scott N. Gettinger, MD, of Yale Cancer Center in New Haven, Connecticut, said: “There is tremendous interest in lung cancer to combine nivolumab plus ipilimumab, driven by the melanoma experience. However, combinations of immunotherapy come ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab Shows Activity in NSCLC, With or Without Chemotherapy

Advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients whose tumors have no EGFR or ALK alterations poses a particular challenge in terms of first-line therapy. The use of nivolumab plus ipilimumab as well as nivolumab/ipilimumab plus two cycles of chemotherapy, respectively, as first-line therapy ...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Improves Progression-Free Survival vs Brentuximab Vedotin in Patients With Relapsed/Refractory Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

Treatment with the anti–PD-1 agent pembrolizumab significantly improved progression-free survival in patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma compared with standard brentuximab vedotin, according to results of the phase III KEYNOTE-204.1 The study results were presented during the ASCO20 Virtual...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Philip McCarthy, MD

Philip McCarthy, MD, Professor of Oncology and Internal Medicine and Director of the Transplant and Cellular Therapy Center at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, New York, found the results of the DREAMM-6 study to be “exciting and promising.” He commented: “The overall response...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Belantamab Mafodotin Shows Activity in Relapsed or Refractory Myeloma

Treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma yielded responses with the antibody-drug conjugate belantamab mafodotin, both as a single agent and in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone. Two reports from the DREAMM team expanded on these findings at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Axel Grothey, MD

Sharing his perspective on KEYNOTE-177 with The ASCO Post was Axel Grothey, MD, Director of GI Cancer Research at the West Cancer Center, OneOncology, Memphis. “This is a very important, highly anticipated study,” he said. “It’s the first randomized trial of any checkpoint inhibitor in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Rates of Progression-Free Survival in MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Doubled by Pembrolizumab

Upfront treatment with immunotherapy not only improved results in a subset of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, it doubled the rates of median progression-free survival. These findings—the first of their kind—arose from the interim analysis of the randomized open-label phase III...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD

“These data are solid, showing a 7-month improvement in overall survival in patients with stable disease or better after first-line chemotherapy. This is roughly a 50% improvement in survival, which is clinically meaningful. Also, progression-free survival was significantly increased with...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Advanced Bladder Cancer Survival Improved With Maintenance Avelumab

According to an interim analysis of the phase III JAVELIN Bladder 100 trial, rates of survival among patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma who did not progress on first-line platinum-based chemotherapy were significantly prolonged by maintenance therapy with avelumab and best supportive care...

Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Conference Highlights From the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program

The global outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic forced many cancer societies, including ASCO, to cancel their in-person meetings this year and instead present the latest advancements and new approaches in oncology care via a virtual platform. For the first time in its 56-year history, the ASCO Annual...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Sarah A. Holstein, MD, PhD, on Multiple Myeloma: Expert Perspective on Five Key ASCO20 Abstracts

Sarah A. Holstein, MD, PhD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, discusses top myeloma abstracts from the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program: the ENDURANCE trial on carfilzomib, lenalidomide, dexamethasone, and bortezomib; the STaMINA study on transplantation strategies; a first-in-human study on the novel CELMoD agent CC-92480 plus dexamethasone; the CARTITUDE-1 trial on CAR T-cell therapy; and a phase I study of teclistamab (Abstracts LBA3, 8506, 8500, 8505, and 100).

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Michael J. Dickinson, MBBS, DMedSc, on Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: Early Study Findings With Novel T-Cell–Engaging Bispecific Antibody

Michael J. Dickinson, MBBS, DMedSc, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase I dose-escalation study results on CD20-TCB, which showed activity, including durable complete responses, and manageable safety in heavily pretreated patients with relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (Abstract S241).

Immunotherapy

Personalized RNA-Based Vaccine/Atezolizumab Combination Produced Immune Response in Most Patients With Advanced Tumors

AN APPROACH using an RNA-based personalized cancer vaccine called RO7198457 in combination with the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab has shown a preliminary benefit, according to an early study in patients with advanced solid tumors. The novel combination was well tolerated, and 8% of patients showed a ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab for Advanced Gastric Cancer

In the Japanese single-center phase II EPOC1706 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kawazoe et al found high objective response among patients with advanced gastric cancer who received the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab as first- or second-line treatment. Study Details The trial...

Immunotherapy

Personalized RNA-Based Vaccine/Atezolizumab Combination Produced Immune Response in Most Patients With Advanced Tumors

AN APPROACH using an RNA-based personalized cancer vaccine called RO7198457 in combination with the PD-L1 inhibitor atezolizumab has shown a preliminary benefit, according to an early study in patients with advanced solid tumors. The novel combination was well tolerated, and 8% of patients showed a ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab for Advanced Gastric Cancer

In the Japanese single-center phase II EPOC1706 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Kawazoe et al found high objective response among patients with advanced gastric cancer who received the combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab as first- or second-line treatment. Study Details The trial...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Maintenance Avelumab for the Treatment of Advanced Urothelial Carcinoma

On June 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved avelumab (Bavencio) for the maintenance treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma that has not progressed with first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy. JAVELIN Bladder 100 Efficacy of avelumab...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of First-Line Atezolizumab to Vemurafenib and Cobimetinib in Patients With Unresectable Advanced BRAF V600–Mutant Melanoma

As reported in The Lancet by Gutzmer et al, the phase III IMspire150 trial has shown that the addition of atezolizumab to BRAF and MEK inhibitor therapy with vemurafenib and cobimetinib improved progression-free survival in first-line treatment of patients with unresectable BRAF V600–mutant...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for the First-Line Treatment of MSI-H/dMMR Colorectal Cancer

On June 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer. KEYNOTE-177 Approval was based on...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Combination of Pertuzumab, Trastuzumab, and Hyaluronidase-zzxf for HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On June 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new fixed-dose combination of pertuzumab, trastuzumab, and hyaluronidase-zzxf (Phesgo) for subcutaneous injection in the following indications:  Use in combination with chemotherapy as:  Neoadjuvant treatment for patients with...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Parameswaran Hari, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Expert Commentary on Four Key Abstracts

Parameswaran Hari, MD, of the Medical College of Wisconsin, discusses data from four trials and their clinical implications for the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma: the KarMMa and EVOLVE studies on CAR T cell therapies; SWOG-1211 on bortezomib, lenalidomide, and dexamthasone with/without elotuzumab for newly diagnosed, high-risk disease; and the GMMGCONCEPT trial on isatuximab, carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone in front-line treatment (Abstracts 8503, 8504, 8507, 8508).

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Biomarker Combination May Help Predict Response to Immunotherapy in Patients With Metastatic Urothelial Carcinoma

In patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma, a novel combination of biomarkers from baseline tumor tissues was predictive of improved clinical responses and prolonged survival following treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors, according to findings published by Goswami et al in Science...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Long-Term Outcomes With Pembrolizumab for Cisplatin-Ineligible Advanced Urothelial Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Vuky et al, long-term follow-up in the phase II KEYNOTE-052 study has shown durable responses with first-line pembrolizumab in cisplatin-ineligible locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer, with higher response rates and longer survival in...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Addition of Rituximab to Standard Chemotherapy in Pediatric Patients With High-Risk, Mature B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

In a European Intergroup for Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma/Children’s Oncology Group phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Minard‑Colin et al found that the addition of rituximab to standard Lymphomes Malin B (also known as Lymphome Malin de Burkitt, or LMB) chemotherapy ...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Recurrent or Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On June 24, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for patients with recurrent or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma that is not curable with surgery or radiation. KEYNOTE-629 Efficacy was investigated in KEYNOTE-629, a multicenter, multicohort,...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Nikhil C. Munshi, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Idecabtagene Vicleucel in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Disease

Nikhil C. Munshi, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses initial results from the KarMMa tria, showing that idecabtagene vicleucel, a B-cell maturation antigen-targeted CAR T-cell therapy, demonstrated deep and durable responses in patients with heavily pretreated relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Efficacy and safety data support a favorable clinical benefit-risk profile across the target dose range (Abstract 8503).

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Michael S. Lee, MD, and Autumn McRee, MD

DESTINY-CRC01 study discussant, Michael S. Lee, MD, Assistant Professor of Medicine, Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, called the findings “most promising” for the subsequent anti-HER2 treatment of HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer. The...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan Shows Benefit in Refractory Colorectal Cancer

Having recently gained approval in metastatic breast cancer, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) is now proving its worth in metastatic colorectal cancer, according to results of the phase II DESTINY-CRC01 study in patients with HER2-positive disease.1 T-DXd is an antibody-drug conjugate...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Salvage Nivolumab/Ipilimumab After Prior Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy in Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gul et al found that salvage therapy with nivolumab/ipilimumab was capable of producing a response after prior programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) pathway inhibitor therapy in some patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma. Study Details The...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Egbert F. Smit, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Treatment With Fam-trastuzumab Deruxtecan

Egbert F. Smit, MD, PhD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses interim results from the DESTINY-Lung01 trial of fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan in patients with HER2-mutated metastatic non–small cell lung cancer. The data show clinical activity with high overall response rates and durable responses (Abstract 9504).

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Lakshmi Nayak, MD, on Primary CNS Lymphoma: The Search for Optimal First-Line Treatment

Lakshmi Nayak, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, reviews two key abstracts on newly diagnosed primary central nervous system lymphoma and treatment with whole-brain radiotherapy, methotrexate, temozolomide, rituximab, procarbazine, vincristine, and cytarabine (Abstracts 2500 and 2501).

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