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Hematologic Malignancies
Immunotherapy

A Leader in Oncology Balances Philosophy, Medicine, and Humility

"The reality is that closure is a myth. My personal and professional experience with those who have lost friends and family, including children, has taught me that going on with life is not the same as gaining closure. The wound of loss is a part of each person’s life forever,” wrote...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Two Nivolumab-Based Regimens as First-Line Treatments for Unresectable Advanced or Metastatic Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On May 27, 2022, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the following for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: Nivolumab (Opdivo) in combination with fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy Nivolumab in...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Tisagenlecleucel for Adult Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

On May 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel (Kymriah) for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma after two or more lines of systemic therapy....

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy in Resectable Stage IIIA NSCLC: Overall Survival and Biomarker Analyses

In analyses from a Spanish phase II trial (NADIM) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Provencio et al found a high rate of 3-year overall survival in patients with operable stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received neoadjuvant nivolumab plus chemotherapy. Survival was...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Tiragolumab to Atezolizumab in PD-L1–Positive NSCLC

In a phase II trial (CITYSCAPE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Byoung Chul Cho, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of tiragolumab, an inhibitor of the immune checkpoint molecule TIGIT, to atezolizumab improved objective response rate and progression-free survival in first-line treatment...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

ASCO Guideline Rapid Update Addresses the Use of Neoadjuvant Pembrolizumab in High-Risk Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

A rapid update to the ASCO Guideline on neoadjuvant therapy for breast cancer adds a recommendation on the use of pembrolizumab in patients with high-risk early-stage triple-negative breast cancer.1 The update follows a recent analysis from the randomized phase III KEYNOTE-522 trial that showed a...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: David Paul Carbone, MD, PhD

“Progress in lung cancer happens by slow steps punctuated by quantum leaps. In the age of perioperative therapies, we are moving one step closer to curing more patients. Surgery is still the intervention most likely to cure patients with earlier-stage disease, but 50% of cases can recur,” said...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 816: Neoadjuvant Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Event-Free Survival Over Chemotherapy Alone in Resectable NSCLC

The combination of neoadjuvant nivolu­mab plus chemotherapy achieved statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvement in event-free survival vs chemotherapy alone (P = .005) in patients with resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC, stage IB–IIIA), according to the results of the ...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

PD-1 Inhibition in First-Line Treatment of Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: More to Come on New Paradigm

Esophageal cancer is associated with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide, with more than 600,000 new cases and 540,000 deaths in 2020. The squamous cell histology comprises nearly 90% of cases globally, despite its steady decline in the United States over the past 40 years. Historically,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Overall Survival Benefit With Nivolumab Plus Chemotherapy or Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy Alone in Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Yuichiro Doki, MD, of Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan, and colleagues, the phase III CheckMate 648 trial has shown improved overall survival with nivolumab combined with chemotherapy or ipilimumab vs chemotherapy alone in...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab for MSI-H/dMMR Advanced Endometrial Carcinoma

On March 21, 2022, pembrolizumab was approved for patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR), as determined by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved test, who have disease progression following prior...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Edward B. Garon, MD

Invited discussant of the NeoCOAST trial, Edward B. Garon, MD, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Thoracic Oncology Program at David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles, praised the study: “NeoCOAST is an impressive study that showed numerical benefit when...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Novel Neoadjuvant Therapy May Boost Response in Resectable NSCLC

Use of multiple immune pathway inhibitors appears to be superior to checkpoint inhibitor therapy alone as neoadjuvant therapy for resectable non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the results of the phase II NeoCOAST trial presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR)...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Mario Sznol, MD, and Stefania Scala, MD, on Improving Responses to Immunotherapy in Patients With Melanoma

Invited study discussant of the use of ipilimumab plus nivolumab in resistant melanoma, at the AACR Annual Meeting 2022, Mario Sznol, MD, of Yale University Cancer Center, indicated that the substantial increase in progression-free survival at 6 months was not maintained. “The durable...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Approaches to Potentiate Immune Response in Patients Who Do Not Respond to Anti–PD-1 Therapy for Melanoma

A sizable proportion of patients with advanced melanoma will experience disease progression on anti–PD-1 therapy, and the optimal treatment of such patients represents an unmet need. Two studies presented at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2022 explored separate...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Longer Follow-up Shows Adjuvant Immunotherapy After Bladder Cancer Surgery May Be Associated With Reduced Disease Recurrence

Treatment with the anti–PD-1 therapy nivolumab after surgery helped reduce cancer recurrence in patients with urothelial cancer of the bladder or other sites in the urinary tract that had invaded the muscle and therefore posed a high risk for recurrence, according to clinical trial results...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Report Investigates Potential Causes of Decreasing Responses to CAR T-Cell Therapy in Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

A study published by Jackson et al in Cancer Discovery investigated the reasons for decreased remission rates for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma treated with chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy. "CAR T-cell therapy is a promising treatment for non-Hodgkin lymphoma, especially for...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Anti–CTLA-4 Antibody–Based Treatment in Patients With Metastatic Melanoma Experiencing Disease Progression on Relatlimab/Nivolumab

In a study reported as a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Alexander M. Menzies, MD, and colleagues found that patients with metastatic melanoma who had progressive disease while receiving relatlimab/nivolumab had poor responses to anti–CTLA-4–based treatment. As noted...

Immunotherapy

Report Finds Targeting IL-6 May Help to Relieve Immunotherapy Side Effects

Researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center have identified a novel strategy to reduce immune-related adverse events caused by immunotherapy by targeting the cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). The study, published by Hailemichael et al in Cancer Cell, establishes a proof of concept ...

Immunotherapy
Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma

Rehospitalization and Emergency Department Visits After CAR T-Cell Therapy in Commercially Insured Patients With Cancer

In a single-institution study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Kenzik et al found substantial rates of rehospitalization and emergency department visits after chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy among commercially insured patients with cancer. Study Details The study...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy
Genomics/Genetics

Ipilimumab/Nivolumab in Patients With Metastatic Pancreatic or Biliary Cancer and HRD Pathogenic Germline Variants

In a single-institution case series reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Terrero et al found that the combination of ipilimumab and nivolumab was active in patients with chemotherapy-refractory metastatic pancreatic or biliary cancer with homologous recombination deficiency (HRD)...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Second-Line Tislelizumab vs Chemotherapy for Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In the phase III RATIONALE-302 trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shen et al found that the anti–PD-1 antibody tislelizumab significantly improved overall survival vs chemotherapy in the second-line treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: Is Trastuzumab Deruxtecan the Answer for HER2-Mutant Lung Cancer?

The human epidermal growth factor (HER) family of receptors are a well-established therapeutic target. Indeed, seminal studies conducted nearly 2 decades ago identified a key association between activating mutations in the kinase domain of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, also known as...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

DESTINY-Lung01: T-DXd Shows Durable Activity in Previously Treated Metastatic HER2-Mutant NSCLC

In a phase II trial (DESTINY-Lung01) reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Bob T. Li, MD, PhD, MPH, of the Thoracic Oncology and Early Drug Development Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, and colleagues found that fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) showed...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

TUXEDO-1: Efficacy of T-DXd for Patients With HER2-Positive Breast Cancer and Active Brain Metastases

In the single-center phase II TUXEDO-1 trial of patients with advanced HER2-positive breast cancer, fam-trastuzumab-deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) showed efficacy in patients with active brain metastases, yielding intracranial responses in 73.3% of the population and a median progression-free survival of...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Natural Killer Cells Precomplexed With Innate Cell Engager Show Activity in CD30-Positive Lymphoma

Natural killer (NK) cells derived from donated umbilical cord blood, activated with a novel bispecific antibody targeting CD16A and CD30 known as AFM13, have yielded responses in patients with pretreated and refractory CD30-positive lymphoma. The overall response rate was 89%, with 53% complete...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab and Salvage Nivolumab/Ipilimumab for Previously Untreated Advanced Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a phase II trial (Hoosier Cancer Research Network GU16-260) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Michael B. Atkins, MD, and colleagues found that nivolumab monotherapy was active in previously untreated patients with advanced clear cell renal carcinoma, particularly among those with...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Hematologic Oncology 2021–2022 Almanac

Ongoing evaluation of novel, targeted, and immunotherapies has led to exciting advances across the array of hematologic malignancies over the past year. The availability of new treatment options, along with emerging data on novel combinations and sequencing approaches, is rapidly changing...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Bispecific Antibodies With Multiple Targets Moving Forward in Multiple Myeloma

Poor outcomes are observed in patients with myeloma who are refractory to multiple classes of therapies, with the average patient experiencing disease progression in up to 6 months and living no longer than 6 to 15 months. Patients often rapidly cycle through regimens that use less effective or...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

MAIA Trial: Daratumumab Added to Lenalidomide Plus Dexamethasone Improves Overall Survival in Transplant-Ineligible Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thierry Facon, MD, of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Lille, and colleagues, a prespecified interim analysis of overall survival in the pivotal phase III MAIA trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of daratumumab to...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Daratumumab Prolongs Progression-Free Survival in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Philippe Moreau, MD, of the University Hospital Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, and colleagues, an interim analysis of part 2 of the phase III CASSIOPEIA trial has showed significantly prolonged progression-free survival with maintenance daratumumab vs observation...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Subcutaneous Daratumumab Added to Pomalidomide Plus Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, and colleagues, the phase III APOLLO trial has shown significantly improved progression-free survival with the addition of subcutaneous (SC) daratumumab to oral...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

BCMA-Directed CAR T-Cell Therapy Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase Ib/II CARTITUDE-1 trial reported in The Lancet, Jesus G. Berdeja, MD, and colleagues found that ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel), a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with two B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-targeting single-domain antibodies, produced a high rate of...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

BELINDA Trial: CAR T-Cell Therapy Fails to Improve Outcomes in Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

The autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy tisagenlecleucel failed to improve event-free survival vs standard-of-care treatment strategies in patients with aggressive, relapsed or refractory non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), according to results of the phase III BELINDA trial,...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH

The moderator of the session, Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor at the BC Cancer Centre for Lymphoid Cancer and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, called the results of the TRANSFORM trial “quite remarkable” and said chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has the...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

TRANSFORM: Lisocabtagene Maraleucel Improves Outcomes in Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with lisocabtagene maraleucel could prove to be the new standard-of-care treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma in the second-line setting, according to data presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH)...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Consolidation Durvalumab Alone or Combined With Oleclumab or Monalizumab for Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

In an interim analysis of the phase II COAST trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, FACP, FASCO, and colleagues found that consolidation durvalumab in combination with the anti-CD73 antibody oleclumab or anti-NKG2A antibody monalizumab both improved objective...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab vs Sunitinib in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Health-Related Quality-of-Life Outcomes

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Robert Motzer, MD, and colleagues found that patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving lenvatinib/pembrolizumab had similar or favorable health-related quality of life scores and prolonged time to definitive deterioration...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On May 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) for pretreated adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. According to the approval, patients had to have received a prior anti-HER2–based regimen either in the...

Pancreatic Cancer
Immunotherapy

SBRT Plus Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Refractory Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the Danish single-institution phase II CheckPAC study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chen et al found that the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab plus stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) improved the clinical benefit rate vs nivolumab plus SBRT in patients with refractory...

Immunotherapy
Solid Tumors

Study Reports New Potential Target for CAR T-Cell Therapy

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has made an impact on the treatment of certain blood cancers, but in clinical study, the cellular therapy has not been as successful for patients with solid tumors, due in part to the lack of tumor targets not expressed in vital tissues. In a new study ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Demystifying Immunotherapy for Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Immunotherapy has become a potential strategy in treating triple-negative breast cancer, though many questions remain to be answered before long-term survival is achieved by all patients. This exciting field of breast cancer research was explored at the 2022 Miami Breast Cancer Conference by...

Immunotherapy

Rates of Neurologic Adverse Events in Randomized Trials of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Patients With Cancer

In a meta-analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Farooq et al found that immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for cancer was associated with a lower risk of neurologic adverse events compared with treatment with other agents overall in randomized trials comparing immune checkpoint inhibitors with...

Issues in Oncology
Immunotherapy

Gut Microbiome May Alter Response to Cancer Therapy

Recent findings with the use of sequencing technology have suggested that the gut microbiome may play a role in the treatment of cancer. A review paper published in JAMA Oncology by Liu and Shah captured the current understanding of the connection between the gut microbiome and therapeutic response ...

Hematologic Malignancies
Immunotherapy

Study Finds CAR T-Cell Therapy Outcomes, Side Effects Are Similar in Black and Hispanic Patients Compared to White and Asian Patients

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has revolutionized the treatment of blood cancers, including certain leukemias, lymphomas, and multiple myeloma. However, Black and Hispanic patients were largely absent from the major clinical trials that led to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Gulam A. Manji, MD, PhD, on Gastric and Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinomas: New Data on Pembrolizumab Plus Capecitabine and Oxaliplatin

Gulam A. Manji, MD, PhD, of Columbia University Medical Center, discusses phase II results on perioperative combination chemotherapy and pembrolizumab in patients with resectable gastric cancer. The combination appeared to result in many complete pathologic responses (Abstract CT009).

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Lillian L. Siu, MD, on Looking Toward the Future of Clinical Research and Clinical Trials

Lillian L. Siu, MD, of Canada’s Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, discusses biomarker-driven precision cancer medicine, the optimal sequencing of immunotherapy (IO) with standard treatments in curative settings, IO targets beyond PD-1/PD-L1 and combinatorial strategies, and next-generation adoptive cell therapies (Abstract PL06).

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Pembrolizumab to Chemotherapy Improves Event-Free Survival in Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Peter Schmid, MD, PhD, of Barts Cancer Institute, Queen Mary University of London, and colleagues, a preplanned interim analysis of the phase III KEYNOTE-522 trial has shown improved event-free survival with the addition of pembrolizumab to...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Tislelizumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Nasopharyngeal Cancer

The addition of the checkpoint inhibitor tislelizumab to first-line chemotherapy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 50% and, despite a 49% crossover rate, numerically boosted overall survival in patients with recurrent or metastatic nasopharyngeal cancer, Zhang et al...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Genevieve Boland, MD, PhD, on Advanced Melanoma: Best Management Practices

Genevieve Boland, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, discusses targeted treatments and immunotherapies and how they have dramatically changed the landscape in melanoma. Initially used in advanced disease, these agents are now being used in local or locoregional melanoma in the adjuvant and/or neoadjuvant settings. Dr. Boland also talks about the critical importance of multidisciplinary teams to integrate the latest recommendations for patient care.

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