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lung cancer
immunotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, on NSCLC: Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy

Suresh S. Ramalingam, MD, of Emory University, discusses a 3-year update from the CheckMate 227, Part 1, trial, which showed that nivolumab plus ipilimumab continued to provide durable and long-term overall survival benefit vs platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 9500).

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Nirav Niranjan Shah, MD, on DLBCL: Autologous Transplant vs CAR T-Cell Therapy

Nirav Niranjan Shah, MD, of the Medical College of Wisconsin, explores whether autologous transplantation, in patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who achieve only a PET/CT-positive partial remission, is appropriate in the era of CAR T-cell therapy (Abstract 8000).

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Tafasitamab Plus Lenalidomide for Relapsed or Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

In the phase II L-MIND trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Gilles Salles, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of the Fc-enhanced anti-CD19 monoclonal antibody tafasitamab plus lenalidomide produced responses in patients with relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Rachel E. Sanborn, MD, on NSCLC: Maximizing the Benefits of Targeted Therapies for EGFR-Mutated Disease

Rachel E. Sanborn, MD, of the Providence Cancer Institute, discusses three key abstracts on EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer: a final overall survival analysis of bevacizumab plus erlotinib; concurrent osimertinib plus gefitinib for first-line treatment; and first-line treatment with a tyrosine kinase inhibitor with or without aggressive upfront local radiation therapy (Abstracts 9506, 9507, 9508).

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immunogenomic Characteristics of Advanced Clear Cell Kidney Cancer Treated With Checkpoint Inhibitors

By analyzing tumors from patients treated with immunotherapy for advanced kidney cancer in three clinical trials, scientists have identified several features of the tumors that influence their response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. The research was presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for Adults and Children With Tumor Mutational Burden–High Solid Tumors

On June 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic tumor mutational burden–high (TMB-H; ≥ 10 mutations/megabase [mut/Mb]) solid tumors, as determined by an ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Douglas B. Johnson, MD, on Melanoma: Clinical Trials Update on PD-1 and CTLA-4 Blockade

Douglas B. Johnson, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses three important melanoma abstracts: the need for more than two doses of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in combination immunotherapy; antitumor activity for low-dose ipilimumab with pembrolizumab after disease progression on PD-1 antibodies; and ipilimumab alone or in combination with anti–PD-1 therapy for metastatic disease resistant to PD-1 monotherapy (Abstracts 10003, 10004, and 10005).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Osimertinib/Bevacizumab for Metastatic EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancer

In the phase II portion of a single-center phase I/II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Yu et al found that the combination of first-line osimertinib and bevacizumab resulted in a high rate of 1-year progression-free survival in patients with metastatic EGFR-mutant lung cancer. As stated by the...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

FDA Extends Indication of Gemtuzumab Ozogamicin for Pediatric Patients With CD33-Positive AML

On June 16, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) extended the indication of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (Mylotarg) for newly diagnosed CD33-positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML) to include pediatric patients aged 1 month and older. AAML0531 Efficacy and safety in the pediatric population were...

Kidney Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Rechallenge in Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

In a study presented at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 5077) and published as a brief report in JAMA Oncology, Ravi et al found that rechallenge with immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy was capable of producing responses in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma, including...

Head and Neck Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Plus Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

In a phase Ib study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Powell et al found that the addition of pembrolizumab to curative chemoradiotherapy was safe and associated with response in patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Study Details The U.S. multicenter...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy

Meta-analysis of Outcomes With Checkpoint Inhibitor Treatment in Advanced Microsatellite Instability–High Cancers

A meta-analysis of published studies of immune checkpoint inhibition for advanced microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) cancers—published as a brief report in JAMA Oncology by Petrelli et al—found high activity of these therapies across tumor types and evaluated agents.  Study Details The...

Lymphoma
Immunotherapy

Real-World Outcomes With Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Therapy in Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

In a retrospective study reported by Nastoupil et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, researchers in the U.S. Lymphoma CAR T Consortium described outcomes with standard-of-care use of the autologous CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy axicabtagene ciloleucel in patients ...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab for Pretreated Patients With Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On June 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) for patients with unresectable advanced, recurrent, or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after prior fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy. ATTRACTION-3 Efficacy was investigated in...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Siwen Hu-Lieskovan, MD, PhD

Formal discussant of KEYNOTE-555, Siwen Hu-Lieskovan, MD, PhD, of Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, commented on the advantages of the new schedule. “Along with the promise of prolonged survival associated with checkpoint inhibitors, convenience, quality of life, and reducing health-care...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-555 Supports 6-Week Pembrolizumab Dosing Schedule in Melanoma

A less-frequent, more-convenient dosing schedule for pembrolizumab (400 mg every 6 weeks) was deemed safe and effective in patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma, according to interim data from cohort B enrolled in the KEYNOTE-555 trial. These findings were presented at the 2020 Virtual...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Yvonne Chen, PhD, and Joseph Alvarnas, MD

Formal discussant Yvonne Chen, PhD, Associate Professor of Microbiology, Immunology, and Molecular Genetics at the University of California, Los Angeles, said the issue of toxicity was important, since high levels of toxicity were observed in this small group of five patients. “All five patients...

Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Off-the-Shelf CAR T-Cell Therapy Makes Inroads in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy known as TruUCAR GC027 may prove to be useful in the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and potentially other hematologic malignancies. Preliminary results in a small number of patients...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: TROPHIMMUN Trial

Two gynecologic oncologists and ASCO’s Chief Medical Officer and Executive Vice President Richard L. Schilsky, MD, FACP, FSCT, FASCO, commented on the findings of the TROPHIMMUN trial for The ASCO Post. “The authors demonstrate efficacy of a new treatment approach for gestational trophoblastic...

Immunotherapy
Head and Neck Cancer
Lung Cancer

Selpercatinib for Lung and Thyroid Cancers With RET Gene Mutations or Fusions

On may 8, 2020, selpercatinib was granted accelerated approval for the following indications: Adult patients with metastatic RET fusion-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) Adult and pediatric patients ≥ 12 years of age with advanced or metastatic RET-mutant medullary thyroid cancer who...

gynecologic cancers
immunotherapy

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, on Ovarian Cancer: Roundup of Studies on Olaparib, Cediranib, Mirvetuximab Soravtansine, Bevacizumab, and Pembrolizumab

Ursula A. Matulonis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses three important studies focusing on newer therapies for patients with recurrent platinum-sensitive, platinum-agnostic, and advanced recurrent ovarian cancers (Abstracts 6003, 6004, and 6005).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Safety and Patient-Reported Outcomes From the IMpower150 Trial in Metastatic Nonsquamous NSCLC

A safety and patient-reported outcome analysis from the IMpower150 trial, reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Martin Reck, PhD, and colleagues, indicated that atezolizumab plus bevacizumab and chemotherapy appeared to be a manageable and tolerable regimen when compared with atezolizumab ...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Study Explores Adding Trastuzumab to Radiotherapy for Women With HER2-Positive DCIS

The addition of trastuzumab to radiotherapy did not reach the protocol objective of a 36% reduction in the ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence rate for women with HER2-positive ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in the NRG Oncology clinical trial NSABP B-43. The trial did find a modest (19%) reduction ...

CNS Cancers
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab vs Bevacizumab in Recurrent Glioblastoma

As reported in JAMA Oncology by David A. Reardon, MD, and colleagues, the phase III CheckMate 143 trial showed no difference in overall survival among adult patients with a first recurrence of glioblastoma treated with nivolumab vs bevacizumab following standard radiation and temozolomide therapy. ...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab, Trastuzumab, and Chemotherapy in HER2-Positive Metastatic Esophagogastric Cancer

In a single-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Janjigian et al found that the addition of pembrolizumab to trastuzumab and chemotherapy showed activity in the first-line treatment of HER2-positive metastatic esophagogastric cancer. Study Details The investigator-initiated trial...

Skin Cancer
Immunotherapy

Adjuvant Nivolumab/Ipilimumab or Nivolumab Alone vs Placebo in Patients With Resected Stage IV Melanoma

In an interim analysis of the German phase II IMMUNED study reported in The Lancet, Zimmer et al found that adjuvant therapy with nivolumab/ipilimumab or nivolumab alone significantly prolonged recurrence-free survival vs placebo in patients with resected stage IV melanoma and no evidence of...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan vs Chemotherapy for Previously Treated Patients With HER2-Positive Advanced Gastric Cancer

Results of the phase II DESTINY-Gastric01 study—reported at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (Abstract 4513) and published in The New England Journal of Medicine, by Kohei Shitara, MD, of the National Cancer Center Hospital East, Kashiwa, and colleagues—found that the antibody-drug conjugate...

Immunotherapy

Does Treatment With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors Cause Flare-ups in Patients With Preexisting IBD or Microscopic Colitis?

In a retrospective analysis reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Grover et al found that enterocolitis flares occurred in approximately one-quarter of patients with preexisting inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or microscopic colitis who received immune checkpoint inhibitors for the treatment of solid ...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

IMvigor130: First-Line Atezolizumab Plus Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy Alone in Advanced Urothelial Cancer

As reported in The Lancet by Matthew D. Galsky, MD, of Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, and colleagues, the phase III IMvigor130 trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival with first-line atezolizumab plus platinum-based chemotherapy vs platinum-based chemotherapy alone in patients ...

Immunotherapy
Skin Cancer

Internationally Regarded Cancer Immunologist Did Not Stray Far From Home

Internationally recognized immune-oncology melanoma expert Jedd D. Wolchok, MD, PhD, FASCO, was born and reared in Staten Island, not far from where he would shape his noted career at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) in New York, New York. “I went to Princeton University and, during my ...

Immunotherapy

Love of Science, Passion for Research, and Belief in the Power of the Immune System

Steven A. Rosenberg, MD, PhD, FASCO, knew from the start of his medical career that if treatments for cancer were to become curative, research in new therapies would have to move away from the mainstay one-size-fits-all approach of systemic chemotherapy to an innovative, personalized strategy that ...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Thierry André, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy for Metastatic Disease

Thierry André, MD, of Hôpital Saint-Antoine, discusses the phase III results from KEYNOTE-177, which showed that, compared with standard chemotherapy of FOLFOX or FOLFIRI, pembrolizumab doubled median progression-free survival, from 8.2 months to 16.5 months, in patients with microsatellite instability–high/mismatch repair–deficient metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract LBA4).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Durvalumab Added to Standard Chemotherapy Improved Overall Survival in Patients With Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

Data from clinical efficacy and biomarker analyses conducted for the single-arm phase II PrE0505 study of the initial treatment of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma were presented by Patrick Forde, MB, BCh, and colleagues during the Lung Cancer Oral Abstract Session at the ASCO20 Virtual ...

immunotherapy

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, on This Year’s Practice-Changing Findings

Richard L. Schilsky, MD, Chief Medical Officer of ASCO, talks about some of the most important and practice-changing findings presented this year at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, including the use of targeted and immunotherapies in earlier lines of therapy, where they have made a significant impact.

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Scott Kopetz, MD, PhD, on Colorectal Cancer: Encorafenib Plus Cetuximab With or Without Binimetinib

Scott Kopetz, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III results of the BEACON CRC study, which confirmed that, compared with standard chemotherapy, encorafenib plus cetuximab with or without binimetinib improved overall survival and objective response rate in previously treated patients with BRAF V600E–mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 4001).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves First-Line Ramucirumab Plus Erlotinib for Metastatic EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

On May 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ramucirumab (Cyramza, injection, 10 mg/mL solution) in combination with erlotinib for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) exon 19...

Hepatobiliary Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab for Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic HCC

On May 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved atezolizumab (Tecentriq) in combination with bevacizumab (Avastin) for the treatment of people with unresectable or metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have not received prior systemic therapy. The review of this application...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Pembrolizumab Plus Etoposide/Platinum for Extensive-Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program by Charles M. Rudin, MD, PhD, and colleagues (Abstract 9001), the phase III KEYNOTE-604 trial has shown that first-line pembrolizumab plus etoposide/platinum significantly prolonged progression-free survival and prolonged overall survival at a...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

TROPHIMMUN Trial Finds Avelumab Effective in Rare Gynecologic Tumor Resistant to Chemotherapy

The first trial of immunotherapy for gestational trophoblastic tumors proved effective in almost 50% of patients resistant to single-agent chemotherapy, French investigators reported in an abstract presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1 The results of the phase II TROPHIMMUN trial ...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, and Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, on Urothelial Cancer: The JAVELIN Bladder 100 Study on Avelumab vs Best Supportive Care

Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, talks with Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, about the first study to demonstrate a survival advantage with avelumab for metastatic urothelial cancer. In the trial, avelumab improved median overall survival by 21.4 months compared with 14.3 months with best supportive care (Abstract LBA1).

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Axel Grothey, MD

Sharing his perspective on KEYNOTE-177 with The ASCO Post was Axel Grothey, MD, Director of GI Cancer Research at the West Cancer Center, OneOncology, Memphis. “This is a very important, highly anticipated study,” he said. “It’s the first randomized trial of any checkpoint inhibitor in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Doubles Progression-Free Survival in MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

For the first time, upfront treatment with immunotherapy has improved—in fact, doubled—median progression-free survival in a subset of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. The findings are from the interim analysis of the randomized open-label phase III KEYNOTE-177 trial comparing the...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD

“These data are solid, showing a 7-month improvement in overall survival in patients with stable disease or better after first-line chemotherapy. This is roughly a 50% improvement in survival, which is clinically meaningful. Also, progression-free survival was significantly increased with...

Bladder Cancer
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Avelumab Improves Survival in Advanced Bladder Cancer

Maintenance therapy with avelu­mab and best supportive care significantly prolonged overall survival vs best supportive care alone in patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma that did not progress on first-line platinum-based chemotherapy, according to an interim analysis of the phase III...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Breast 2020: Novel Biomarkers May Predict Immunotherapy Benefit in Metastatic Breast Cancer

Two novel biomarkers have been found to correlate with improved outcomes with immunotherapy in metastatic breast cancer and may help to identify the patients most likely to benefit from this treatment, according to exploratory studies reported at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO)...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

ESMO Breast 2020: Patient Preference for Subcutaneous vs Intravenous Pertuzumab/Trastuzumab for HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer

At the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Breast Cancer Virtual Meeting 2020, Joyce O’Shaughnessy, MD, of Baylor University Medical Center, reported results from an interim analysis of the PHranceSCa study (Abstract 80O). The study investigators found that over 80% of patients preferred...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab/Ipilimumab Plus Chemotherapy for First-Line Treatment of Metastatic or Recurrent NSCLC

On May 26, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) and two cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic or recurrent non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no epidermal...

Immunotherapy
COVID-19

Roswell Park Investigators Study Immunotherapy Combination in Patients With Cancer Infected With COVID-19

A clinical trial investigating a two-drug immunotherapy combination will soon be available to patients with cancer infected with COVID-19 at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center in Buffalo. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has authorized clinical researchers at the center to conduct...

Breast Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Pamela N. Munster, MD

Formal I-SPY 2 trial discussant, Pamela N. Munster, MD, Professor in the Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, found the study promising but said confirmatory trials are needed. “What we know so far in preoperative therapy for breast cancer is that pathologic complete...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

Metastatic Urothelial Cancer: A Conversation on State-of-the-Art Treatment Before the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program

As Thomas Powles, MD, PhD, of Queen Mary University of London, prepares to deliver his late-breaking presentation at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program (LBA-1), he talks with Christopher Sweeney, MBBS, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, about current therapy: PD1/PDL1 inhibition in second-line treatment and as monotherapy in the first-line setting, as well as the concept of maintenance switch.

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