Christelle de la Fouchardiere, MD, on Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma: Phase III Trial Results With Gemcitabine Plus Paclitaxel
ESMO Congress 2022
Christelle de la Fouchardiere, MD, of France’s Centre Léon Bérard, discusses phase III findings from the PRODIGE 65–UCGI 36–GEMPAX UNICANCER study, which evaluated whether the combination of gemcitabine and paclitaxel improves overall survival compared with gemcitabine alone in patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma after FOLFIRINOX failure or intolerance (Abstract LBA60).
Disclaimer: This video transcript has not been proofread or edited and may contain errors.
The GEMPAX study is a phase III randomized trial comparing in patients with metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma second-line therapy with gemcitabine and paclitaxel versus gemcitabine alone. The primary endpoint of this study was overhaul survival. Patients included were having metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, they were having experienced disease progression of failure after FOLFIRINOX, and maintaining a good ECOG performance status. They were randomized with a 2:1 ratio between GEMPAX, the weekly combination of gemcitabine and paclitaxel, 3 weeks over 4 versus gemcitabine alone. They stopped treatment at disease progression or toxicity. There were four stratification factors, ECOG PS, CA19-9 at baseline, first-line PFS, and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio.
The main results of this study is that we didn't observe any significant benefit in overall survival with the addition of paclitaxel to gemcitabine versus gemcitabine alone in this setting. But this is the first prospective phase III trial evaluating second-line therapy after FOLFIRINOX and we observe a good improvement of progression-free survival, a significant one, and also a significant increase in overall response rate, which is highly clinically relevant in this poor prognosis disease. Furthermore, we observed more treatment discontinuation in the GEMPAX arm and also imbalance in third-line therapies that could explain the absence of overall survival benefit.
Then, we think that gemcitabine plus paclitaxel may be the standard second-line therapy after FOLFIRINOX failure or intolerance in metastatic pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma patients. A substantial proportion of patients in this study received third-line therapies, reflecting the eye medical need, and also the requiring further clinical trials for this pathology.
Rahul Aggarwal, MD, of the University of California, San Francisco, discusses recent data from the PRESTO study, which showed that apalutamide plus androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) for 12 months significantly prolonged PSA progression-free survival compared with ADT alone in patients with biochemically recurrent prostate cancer. These results provide support for the intensification of ADT in this setting. (Abstract LBA63).
Neil D. Gross, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data from a phase II study, which showed that neoadjuvant cemiplimab-rwlc in patients with stage II–IV (M0) resectable cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is active and may enable function-preserving surgery in some cases (Abstract 789O).
Ana Oaknin, MD, PhD, of Barcelona’s Vall d’Hebron University Hospital, discusses an analysis of long-term survival from the EMPOWER-Cervical 1/GOG-3016/ENGOT-cx9 trial. Cemiplimab-rwlc is the first immunotherapy to demonstrate an overall survival benefit as a second-line monotherapy for patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy but not immunotherapy. The benefit was sustained in this population (Abstract 519MO).
Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of France’s Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discuss phase III findings showing that cabozantinib in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab reduced the risk of disease progression or death compared with the combination of nivolumab plus ipilimumab in patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma of IMDC (the International Metastatic RCC Database Consortium) intermediate or poor risk. However, the combination of cabozantinib, nivolumab, and ipilimumab vs nivolumab plus ipilimumab did not demonstrate an overall survival benefit to patients (Abstract LBA8).
Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, of the Melanoma Institute Australia, discusses results from the CheckMate 915 trial, an analysis of the pretreatment circulating tumor DNA, along with other clinical and translational baseline factors, and their association with disease recurrence in patients with stage IIIB–D/IV melanoma treated with adjuvant immunotherapy (Abstract 788O).