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colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Thierry Andre, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Health-Related Quality of Life With Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy

Thierry Andre, MD, of Hôpital Saint-Antoine, discusses phase III KEYNOTE-177 findings on the reduced risk of disease progression or death in patients receiving pembrolizumab monotherapy as a first-line treatment of microsatellite instability–high and/or mismatch repair–deficient metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 396O).

Colorectal Cancer

Is Drinking Coffee Daily Linked to Improved Survival in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer?

In a large group of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, consumption of a few cups of coffee a day was associated with longer survival and reduced risk of disease progression, according to findings reported by Mackintosh et al in JAMA Oncology. The findings, based on data from a large...

Colorectal Cancer

Eflornithine Plus Sulindac vs Either Agent Alone in Preventing Progression of Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

In a phase III trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Burke et al found that the combination of eflornithine and sulindac did not reduce the risk of disease progression vs either agent alone in patients with familial adenomatous polyposis. Study Details In the international trial,...

Colorectal Cancer

Association of Immunoscore With Time to Recurrence in Stage III Colon Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mlecnik et al found that high Immunoscore values were associated with reduced risk of disease recurrence and better outcomes with chemotherapy vs no chemotherapy in patients with stage III colon cancer. Study Details The international...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Retrospective Study Explores Association Between Race/Ethnicity and Overall Survival in Colorectal Liver Metastases

A research letter published by Thornblade et al in JAMA Network Open examined the impact of race or ethnicity on rates of chemotherapy, liver resection, and survival among patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. “The unfortunate reality is that minorities, especially Black people, have a much...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Meta-analysis of FOLFOXIRI/Bevacizumab vs Doublets/Bevacizumab as Initial Treatment for Unresectable Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a patient-level meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chiara Cremolini, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that infusional fluorouracil, leucovorin, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan (FOLFOXIRI) plus bevacizumab was associated with significantly greater overall survival vs...

Colorectal Cancer

Effect of Muscle Mass and Radiodensity on Postoperative Complications and Outcomes of Colon Cancer Surgery

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Surgery, Xiao et al found that low skeletal muscle index and low skeletal muscle radiodensity were associated with an increased risk of complications and poor outcomes following surgery for colon cancer. Study Details The study involved data on...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Molecular Testing in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Understanding How, When, and What to Profile

“In line with the emergence of targeted therapies, molecular biomarker testing in metastatic colorectal cancer has evolved over the past decade,” noted Jeanne Tie, MD, MBChB, FRACP, who acknowledged there is confusion about the best ways to use molecular testing in the clinic. Dr. Tie, who is...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Bevacizumab to mFOLFOX6 for the First-Line Treatment of RAS-Mutant Unresectable Colorectal Liver Metastases

In a Chinese single-institution trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Tang et al found that the addition of first-line bevacizumab to mFOLFOX6 (modified fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin) resulted in a higher rate of conversion to R0 resection in patients with RAS-mutant,...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab for First-Line Treatment of Unresectable or Metastatic MSI-H or dMMR Colorectal Cancer

On June 29, 2020, pembrolizumab was approved for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in the randomized,...

Colorectal Cancer

Second-Look Surgery Plus HIPEC vs Surveillance for Patients at High Risk for Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases

In a French phase III trial (PROPHYLOCHIP–PRODIGE 15) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Goéré et al found that second-look surgery plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) did not improve disease-free survival vs standard surveillance in patients at high risk of developing colorectal...

colorectal cancer

Xavier Llor, MD, PhD, on Colorectal Cancer: Why Are More Younger People Being Affected?

Xavier Llor, MD, PhD, of Yale University School of Medicine, discusses the steep rise of early-onset colorectal cancer over the past 15 years, which cannot be explained by genetic predisposition but may be prompted by environmental factors (Session ED35).

Colorectal Cancer

Does Periodontal Disease Increase the Risk of Colorectal Cancer?

Periodontal disease was associated with an increased risk of two precursors of colorectal cancer, according to results of a study published by Lo et al in Cancer Prevention Research. “Periodontal disease is prevalent among adults, with periodontitis affecting more than 40% of the U.S. population,”...

COVID-19
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Lung Cancer

Modeling Study Aims to Estimate the Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Cancer Deaths in England

In a population-based modeling study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Maringe et al estimated that delays in diagnosis due to the COVID-19 pandemic could result in 3,291 to 3,621 additional deaths from breast, colorectal, esophageal, and lung cancers within 5 years. As stated by the investigators,...

Colorectal Cancer

Adjuvant Chemotherapy vs Active Surveillance: Survival After Resection of Isolated Synchronous Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases

In a Dutch population-based observational cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Rovers et al found that adjuvant systemic chemotherapy was associated with improved overall survival vs active surveillance after upfront resection of isolated synchronous colorectal peritoneal metastases. Study...

Colorectal Cancer

Common Hypertension Medications May Also Reduce Risk of Colorectal Cancer

Medications commonly prescribed to treat high blood pressure may also reduce the risk of colorectal cancer, according to new research published by Cheung et al in the journal Hypertension. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARB) are often prescribed...

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Christopher Leigh Hallemeier, MD

The invited discussant for the RAPIDO and PRODIGE 23 trials, Christopher Leigh Hallemeier, MD, Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, noted the standard approach to locally advanced rectal cancer has been, for the past 2 decades, a long course of chemoradiotherapy...

Colorectal Cancer

Two Studies Validate Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Short-Course Radiotherapy or Long-Term Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

In the treatment of resectable, locally advanced rectal cancer, researchers are trying to identify the most effective chemotherapy regimens, the best radiotherapy approaches, and the optimal sequence of these modalities. Two phase III trials presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program...

Colorectal Cancer

GI-Related Patient-Reported Outcomes in Individuals Receiving Chemoradiation for Anal Cancer

In a single-institution study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Kouzy et al found that gastrointestinal (GI)-related patient-reported outcomes among those receiving chemoradiation for anal cancer improved vs baseline at 1 week after treatment initiation, were worse vs baseline at 5 weeks, but did...

Issues in Oncology
Colorectal Cancer

Geographic Patterns of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer Diagnoses in the United States

Over the past 3 decades, colorectal cancer survival in the United States has improved significantly, but in young people—particularly men diagnosed with colorectal cancer before age 50—incidence and mortality due to colorectal cancer are on the rise. Additionally, among patients with early-stage...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Axel Grothey, MD

Sharing his perspective on KEYNOTE-177 with The ASCO Post was Axel Grothey, MD, Director of GI Cancer Research at the West Cancer Center, OneOncology, Memphis. “This is a very important, highly anticipated study,” he said. “It’s the first randomized trial of any checkpoint inhibitor in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Rates of Progression-Free Survival in MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Doubled by Pembrolizumab

Upfront treatment with immunotherapy not only improved results in a subset of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer, it doubled the rates of median progression-free survival. These findings—the first of their kind—arose from the interim analysis of the randomized open-label phase III...

Breast Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Conference Highlights From the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program

The global outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic forced many cancer societies, including ASCO, to cancel their in-person meetings this year and instead present the latest advancements and new approaches in oncology care via a virtual platform. For the first time in its 56-year history, the ASCO Annual...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Pembrolizumab for the First-Line Treatment of MSI-H/dMMR Colorectal Cancer

On June 29, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer. KEYNOTE-177 Approval was based on...

Colorectal Cancer

I’m Not Too Young for Colorectal Cancer

The first symptoms I had of colorectal cancer—blood in my stool and abdominal pain—coincided with surgery I had to remove my appendix in the spring of 2017. My surgeon attributed the symptoms to the appendectomy and to the medications I received both before and after the surgery. In addition to...

Colorectal Cancer

Survey Shows Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer May Be Overlooked in Exam Rooms

The Colorectal Cancer Alliance recently released findings from its latest survey of patients with young-onset colorectal cancer and survivors. The Never Too Young Survey shares the self-reported medical, psychosocial, and quality-of-life experiences of this often-overlooked population to better...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan Shows Benefit in Refractory Colorectal Cancer

Having recently gained approval in metastatic breast cancer, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) is now proving its worth in metastatic colorectal cancer, according to results of the phase II DESTINY-CRC01 study in patients with HER2-positive disease.1 T-DXd is an antibody-drug conjugate...

Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Lymphoma
Hematologic Malignancies
Kidney Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track Designations in Colorectal and Pancreatic Cancers, Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma/Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted Fast Track designation to agents designed to treat colorectal and pancreatic cancers, in addition to lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia; accepted a new drug application for a treatment for relapsed or...

Colorectal Cancer

Cisplatin/Fluorouracil vs Carboplatin/Paclitaxel in Chemotherapy-Naive Patients With Advanced Anal Cancer

In an International Rare Cancers Initiative phase II trial (InterAAct) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Rao et al found that carboplatin/paclitaxel was associated with less serious toxicity and a trend toward improved overall survival vs cisplatin/fluorouracil in chemotherapy-naive...

colorectal cancer

Alberto F. Sobrero, MD, on Colon Cancer: Adjuvant Oxaliplatin and Fluoropyrimidine-Based Therapy for Stage III Disease

Alberto F. Sobrero, MD, of the Ospedale San Martino, discusses final results of the IDEA study, which supported the use of 3 months of adjuvant CAPOX, vs 6 months, for most patients with stage III colon cancer. The shorter treatment duration reduced toxicity, inconvenience, and cost (Abstract 4004).

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Thierry André, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy for Metastatic Disease

Thierry André, MD, of Hôpital Saint-Antoine, discusses the phase III results from KEYNOTE-177, which showed that, compared with standard chemotherapy of FOLFOX or FOLFIRI, pembrolizumab doubled median progression-free survival, from 8.2 months to 16.5 months, in patients with microsatellite instability–high/mismatch repair–deficient metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract LBA4).

colorectal cancer

Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt, MD, MPH, on Colon Cancer: Celecoxib and FOLFOX for Stage III Disease

Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt, MD, MPH, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses results from the CALGB/SWOG 80702 trial of celecoxib plus standard adjuvant therapy with fluorouracil, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin (FOLFOX). Adding celecoxib to standard chemotherapy did not significantly improve disease-free or overall survival (Abstract 4003).

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Scott Kopetz, MD, PhD, on Colorectal Cancer: Encorafenib Plus Cetuximab With or Without Binimetinib

Scott Kopetz, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III results of the BEACON CRC study, which confirmed that, compared with standard chemotherapy, encorafenib plus cetuximab with or without binimetinib improved overall survival and objective response rate in previously treated patients with BRAF V600E–mutated metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 4001).

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Axel Grothey, MD

Sharing his perspective on KEYNOTE-177 with The ASCO Post was Axel Grothey, MD, Director of GI Cancer Research at the West Cancer Center, OneOncology, Memphis. “This is a very important, highly anticipated study,” he said. “It’s the first randomized trial of any checkpoint inhibitor in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab Doubles Progression-Free Survival in MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

For the first time, upfront treatment with immunotherapy has improved—in fact, doubled—median progression-free survival in a subset of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer. The findings are from the interim analysis of the randomized open-label phase III KEYNOTE-177 trial comparing the...

Issues in Oncology
Colorectal Cancer

Can a Culturally Tailored Education Program Improve Colorectal Cancer Awareness and Screening?

People who received information from the Screen to Save program, a culturally tailored initiative from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Center to Reduce Cancer Health Disparities (CRCHD), increased their knowledge of colorectal cancer and indicated willingness to adopt potentially preventive...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Encorafenib Combined With Cetuximab in Previously Treated BRAF V600E–Mutant Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

On April 8, 2020, encorafenib was approved for use in combination with cetuximab for the treatment of previously treated adult patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with a BRAF V600E mutation detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved test.1,2 Encorafenib is not indicated...

Colorectal Cancer
COVID-19

Treating Colorectal Cancer in the Time of COVID-19

The treatment of colorectal cancer has always been something of an art—but never more so than during the COVID-19 pandemic. The ASCO Post asked three experts in this malignancy to share their concerns and their approaches to achieving good patient outcomes while minimizing the risk of COVID-19...

Colorectal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Regorafenib Plus Nivolumab in Advanced Gastric and Colorectal Cancers

In a Japanese phase Ib/dose-expansion trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fukuoka et al found that the combination of regorafenib and nivolumab showed activity in patients with previously treated gastric cancer and colorectal cancer with microsatellite stable/mismatch...

Colorectal Cancer

AI Model Accurately Classifies Colorectal Polyps From Histopathologic Slides

An artificial intelligence (AI) model for automated classification of colorectal polyps could benefit cancer screening programs by improving efficiency, reproducibility, and accuracy, as well as reducing access barriers to pathology services. In a new study published by Wei et al in JAMA Network...

Colorectal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Treatment and Outcomes in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in Washington State and Canada

In a study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Todd A. Yezefski, MD, and colleagues found that the cost of first-line systemic therapy for metastatic colorectal cancer was higher in Western Washington state compared with British Columbia and that survival outcomes were similar. A stated by the...

Colorectal Cancer

Radiation and Chemoradiation Interruption and Noncompletion in Squamous Cell Anal Carcinoma

In a Canadian study reported in JAMA Oncology, Raphael et al found that interruption and noncompletion of definitive radiation and chemoradiation for patients with squamous cell anal carcinoma were common, and that failure to complete radiation and chemoradiation was associated with poorer...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: John M. Carethers, MD, and Joseph J. Y. Sung, MD, PhD

Session moderators for the CheckMate 142 presentation at the Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium were John M. Carethers, MD, the John G Searle Professor (and Chair) of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and Joseph J. Y. Sung, MD, PhD, the Mok Hing You Professor of Medicine...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

CheckMate 142 Updated Analysis: First-Line Nivolumab Plus Low-Dose Ipilimumab in MSI-H/dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

As a first-line regimen for patients with metastatic colorectal tumors that are microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR), the combination of nivolumab and low-dose ipilimumab yielded an objective response rate of 64%, a complete response rate of 9%, and a disease...

Colorectal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Aspirin Use and Risk of Cancers of the Digestive Tract

Aspirin may be associated with a reduction in the risk of developing several cancers of the digestive tract. The largest and most comprehensive analysis to date of the link between aspirin and digestive tract cancers, published by Bosetti et al in Annals of Oncology, found reductions in the risk of ...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Immunotherapy in Early-Stage Colon Cancer

Patients with localized colon cancer may benefit from a short course of neoadjuvant immunotherapy, according to findings from the exploratory phase II NICHE study published by Myriam Chalabi, MD, and colleagues in Nature Medicine.  Study Results Forty patients with two colon cancer subtypes—either ...

Colorectal Cancer

ASCO Releases Resource-Stratified Guideline on the Treatment of Late-Stage Colorectal Cancer

ASCO has released a new guideline for clinicians and policymakers in resource-constrained settings on treating patients with late-stage colorectal cancer.1 “Around the world, there is a huge variation in resources, and what is available to clinicians may change week to week,” said Mary D....

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Encorafenib/Cetuximab for BRAF V600E–Mutated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

On April 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved encorafenib (Braftovi) in combination with cetuximab (Erbitux) for the treatment of pretreated adult patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with a BRAF V600E mutation detected by an FDA-approved test. BEACON CRC Efficacy was...

Colorectal Cancer

Prognostic Impact of Tumor Deposits in Patients Receiving Adjuvant Therapy for Stage III Colon Cancer

In a post hoc analysis of the phase III IDEA France trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Delattre et al found that the presence of tumor deposits was associated with poorer prognosis in patients with stage III colon cancer receiving 3 or 6 months of adjuvant FOLFOX (fluorouracil,...

Colorectal Cancer

Expert Point of View: John M. Carethers, MD

The analysis of the National Cancer Database is one of a number of studies describing  sociodemographic-related disparities in colorectal cancer outcomes, according to session Co-Chair John M. Carethers, MD, Professor and Chair of the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Michigan,...

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