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Colorectal Cancer

BRAF-Mutant Colorectal Cancer: Latest Findings for Targeted Treatment

The phase II ANCHOR CRC study, the largest prospective study of BRAF inhibitor–based therapy as first-line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer, has met its primary endpoint, with 47.8% of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer responding to first-line treatment with encorafenib,...

Colorectal Cancer
COVID-19

COVID-19 Lockdown May Be Associated With Higher Tumor Burden in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a French study reported in JAMA Network Open, Thierry et al found that tumor burden (assessed as plasma circulating tumor DNA [ctDNA]) was significantly higher among patients with newly diagnosed metastatic colorectal cancer screened for a clinical trial after vs before the first COVID-19...

Colorectal Cancer

Association of Skeletal Muscle Area and Adiposity Measures With Inflammation and Outcomes in Nonmetastatic Colon Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Network Open, Fleming et al found that low skeletal muscle area and high visceral-to-total fat ratio were associated with increased expression of proinflammatory cytokines and VEGF as well as worse 5-year outcomes in patients with nonmetastatic colon cancer. Study...

Colorectal Cancer

Study Examines Link Between in Utero Events and Risk of Colorectal Cancer in Adult Offspring

Infants whose mothers were obese during pregnancy may have a heightened risk of developing colorectal cancer later in life, according to new research published by Murphy et al in the journal Gut. Obesity is already a well-established risk factor for colorectal cancer, and several studies suggest...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Liquid Biopsy Is Changing Colon Cancer Management

The measurement of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is changing the way gastrointestinal cancers are managed, according to Bassel F. El-Rayes, MD, Professor and Vice Chair for Clinical Research in the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Emory University, and Associate Cancer Center Director,...

Issues in Oncology
Colorectal Cancer

Japanese Study Examines How Intervention Encourages Screening for Colorectal Cancer Among Patients With Schizophrenia

Cancer is a leading cause of mortality in patients with mental illnesses. Although individuals with mental illnesses are equally as vulnerable to cancer as the general population, they are at a much higher risk of cancer-related mortality. Owing to a lack of early screening in most cases, such...

Colorectal Cancer

Antihypertensive Medications May Improve Survival Among Patients With Stage I to III Colorectal Cancer

Commonly used blood pressure drugs may improve survival for patients with colorectal cancer, a recent study published by Balkrishnan et al in Cancer Medicine suggests. After reviewing outcomes of almost 14,000 patients with colorectal cancer, researchers determined that angiotensin-converting...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

Cetuximab Plus Avelumab as Rechallenge Therapy for RAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In an Italian phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Martinelli et al found that cetuximab rechallenge plus avelumab showed activity and was well tolerated in patients with RAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer who had responded to first-line chemotherapy plus an anti-EGFR agent and then...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Eric Deutsch, MD, PhD, Comments on the Averectal and AVANA Trials in Rectal Cancer

Eric Deutsch, MD, PhD, Professor and Chair of Radiation Oncology at Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France, commended the speakers for conducting trials whose results he found “very interesting.” The Averectal trial involved a short course of radiation with modified FOLFOX-6 (oxaliplatin, fluorouracil...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Avelumab Under Study as Adjunct to Neoadjuvant Therapy for Rectal Cancer

In the treatment of newly diagnosed locally advanced rectal cancer, two phase II studies evaluating the addition of the PD-L1 inhibitor avelumab to chemoradiotherapy showed promising rates of pathologic complete response, major pathologic response, and tumor downstaging. The study investigators...

Colorectal Cancer

Can Consumption of Vitamin D Reduce the Risk of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer?

Consuming higher amounts of vitamin D—mainly from dietary sources—may help protect against developing young-onset colorectal cancer or precancerous colon polyps, according to the first study to show such an association. These findings were published by Kim et al in the journal Gastroenterology. The ...

Colorectal Cancer

Retrospective Study Compares Characteristics of Early-Onset vs Average-Onset Colorectal Cancer

A large retrospective study has found that early-onset colorectal cancers are clinically and genomically indistinguishable from average-onset colorectal cancers. In addition, the study found that more aggressive treatment based solely on the patient’s age at diagnosis is neither necessary nor...

Lung Cancer
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Health-Care Policy
Legislation

Evaluation of Baseline Cancer Mortality Risk in Medicaid Expansion and Nonexpansion States

In a study of National Cancer Database data reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Salazar et al found little difference in baseline cancer mortality rates between U.S. states that expanded Medicaid enrollment and nonexpansion states prior to expansion in 2009 and immediately following...

Colorectal Cancer

Association of Incomplete Polyp Removal With Risk of Postcolonoscopy Colorectal Cancer

A multicenter cohort study found that incomplete polyp removal—polyp removal where neoplastic tissue is found in any of the marginal biopsies—is a likely contributor to neoplasia recurrence and interval colorectal cancer. The results highlight the critical importance of polyp resection technique in ...

Colorectal Cancer

Facing the Trauma of Colorectal Cancer

I first noticed blood in my stool when I was in the 8th grade. My mom and I did an Internet search and were relieved to find that the cause was most likely nothing more serious than hemorrhoids, so I put the problem out of my mind. I played volleyball and had an active social life, and the...

Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship

Quality of Life With General Practitioner– vs Surgeon-Led Colon Cancer Survivorship Care

In a 1-year interim analysis of a Dutch study (I CARE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Vos et al found no clinically meaningful difference in changes in quality of life from baseline among patients with colon cancer with general practitioner– vs surgeon-led survivorship care. In addition,...

Colorectal Cancer

Is There a Link Between Use of Antibiotics and Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer?

Study findings presented by Perrott et al at the ESMO World Congress on Gastrointestinal Cancer (Abstract SO-25) showed that the use of antibiotics may be linked to colon tumor formation across all patient age groups, especially in those younger than 50 years. These results raise fresh concerns...

Colorectal Cancer

Using ctDNA to Measure Molecular Residual Disease in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

A team of investigators in Japan used a personalized assay for circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) levels in plasma to monitor molecular residual disease following surgery in patients with resectable colorectal cancer. Their subgroup analysis found statistically significant associations between ctDNA...

Genomics/Genetics
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer

Mechanisms of Acquired Resistance to KRAS G12C Inhibition in Patients With Cancer

In a study reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Awad et al identified potential mechanisms of acquired resistance to the KRAS G12C inhibitor adagrasib in patients receiving the agent for treatment of KRAS G12C–mutant cancers. As noted by the investigators, clinical trials of the KRAS...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Pembrolizumab to Chemoradiotherapy in Total Neoadjuvant Therapy for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Osama E. Rahma, MD, and colleagues, initial results of the phase II NRG-GI002 trial showed no improvement in mean neoadjuvant rectal score with the addition of pembrolizumab to chemoradiotherapy in total neoadjuvant therapy for patients with locally advanced rectal...

Colorectal Cancer

Better Responses to Hepatic Arterial Infusion Therapy Among Patients With KRAS Wild-Type Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Patients with colorectal cancer and unresectable liver metastases and KRAS wild-type disease experienced better responses to hepatic arterial infusion pump chemotherapy than did patients with KRAS mutations, a retrospective cohort study found. At a median follow-up of 14.6 months, “KRAS-positive...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

How RAS Mutations in Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer May Impact Patient Survival

Although both incidence and mortality rates in colorectal cancer have been declining among people older than 65 by 3.3% and 3% annually, respectively, among individuals younger than age 50, the incidence rate has risen about 2% annually, and death rates have increased by 1.3% annually.1 Colorectal...

Colorectal Cancer

Survival of Patients With Colon Cancer Enrolled in the U.S. Military Health System

A study by Lin et al comparing patients with colon cancer enrolled in the U.S. Military Health System, which provides universal health-care to its beneficiaries, with those in the general population has found that patients in the Military Health System had an 18% lower risk of death compared with...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Retrospective Study Explores Variation in Colorectal Cancer Risk in Families With Lynch Syndrome

In a retrospective cohort study reported by Win et al in The Lancet Oncology, researchers in the International Mismatch Repair Consortium found marked variation in the risk of colorectal cancer in families with Lynch syndrome carrying the same pathogenic variant in DNA mismatch repair genes. The...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Alkylating Signature in Colorectal Cancer May Be Linked to High Red Meat Intake

The association between the consumption of red and processed meats and the development of colorectal cancer, as well as pancreatic and prostate cancers, has been known since 2015, when the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified the consumption of red meat as probably...

Colorectal Cancer
Global Cancer Care

Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in European Countries

In a European population-based study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Cardoso et al found that colorectal cancer incidence and mortality declined more in European countries with long-standing colonoscopy or fecal test screening programs since the year 2000 compared to countries with more recently...

Solid Tumors
Immunotherapy
Colorectal Cancer

Is Tumor Mutational Burden Predictive of Survival Outcomes in Solid Tumors Treated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors?

In a letter to the editor in The New England Journal of Medicine, Benoit Rousseau, MD, PhD, and Michael B. Foote, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK), and colleagues presented evidence that a high tumor mutational burden (TMB) threshold of 10 alone may not be sufficient to predict...

Colorectal Cancer

Data Analysis on Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer Sheds Light on the Rising Rates in Young Adults

In May 2021, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) announced that it was updating its recommendation for when individuals at average risk of colorectal cancer should begin screening. Echoing the recommendation from the American Cancer Society in 2018, the USPSTF now recommends that those ...

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy
genomics/genetics

Cathy Eng, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: FOLFOXIRI, Cetuximab, and Bevacizumab as First-Line Treatment

Cathy Eng, MD, of Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, discusses two abstracts from a session she co-chaired: the phase II DEEPER trial, which explored the use of FOLFOXIRI plus cetuximab vs FOLFOXIRI plus bevacizumab as first-line treatment in metastatic colorectal cancer with RAS wild-type tumors; and the phase II FIRE-4.5 study, which investigated FOLFOXIRI plus either bevacizumab or cetuximab as first-line treatment of BRAF V600E–mutant advanced disease (Abstracts 3501 and 3502).

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Thierry André, MD, on Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy in MSI-High Colorectal Cancer

Thierry André, MD, of Hôpital Saint-Antoine, discusses final overall survival data for the phase III KEYNOTE-177 study, which confirmed pembrolizumab as a new standard of care for first-line treatment of patients with microsatellite instability–high/mismatch repair–deficient metastatic colorectal cancer (Abstract 3500).

Colorectal Cancer
Geriatric Oncology

Effect of Lower Endoscopy on Colorectal Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Individuals Older Than 75

In a prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Ma et al found that lower endoscopy colorectal cancer screening in individuals older than age 75 was associated with reduced colorectal cancer incidence and mortality, although no colorectal cancer mortality benefit was observed in those with ...

Colorectal Cancer

Perioperative Systemic Therapy for Patients With Resectable Colorectal Peritoneal Metastases

In the phase II portion of a Dutch phase II/III trial (CAIRO6) reported in JAMA Surgery, Rovers et al found that the addition of perioperative systemic therapy to cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS-HIPEC) was feasible and safe for the treatment of patients with ...

Colorectal Cancer

Study Investigates Nongenetic Factors Linked to Development of Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer

Early-onset colorectal cancer incidence rates in the United States have nearly doubled between 1992 and 2013—up from 8.6 to 13.1 per 100,000 individuals—with most of that increase due to early-onset cancers of the rectum. A new study published by Archambault et al in JNCI Cancer Spectrum focused on ...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Standard Multigene Testing Could Detect More Hereditary Cancer Syndromes in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Up to 38.6% of people with colon cancer who have a hereditary cancer syndrome—including 6.3% of those with Lynch syndrome—could have their conditions remain undetected with current universal tumor-screening methods, and at least 7.1% of people with colorectal cancer have an identifiable inherited...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers
Head and Neck Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

With the Exception of Cervical Cancer, HPV-Related Cancers Are on the Rise, Especially in Older Adults

Although the incidence of cervical cancer has decreased by 1.03% a year over the last 16 years—likely due to screening or human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination—other HPV-related cancers are increasing in both men and women, according to a study by Liao et al presented at a presscast in advance of...

Colorectal Cancer

USPSTF Issues New Recommendation Statement on Colorectal Cancer Screening

Prompted by a rise in cases of colorectal cancer in people younger than 50, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has recommended that individuals at average risk for the disease begin screening exams at age 45 instead of the traditional age of 50. The guideline changes, published in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki in HER2-Positive Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: DESTINY-CRC01

In the phase II DESTINY-CRC01 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Salvatore Siena, MD, and colleagues found that trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki produced durable responses in patients with previously treated HER2-positive metastatic colorectal cancer. Study Details In the trial, 78 patients from...

Colorectal Cancer

Addition of Celecoxib to Standard Adjuvant Therapy in Stage III Colon Cancer

��As reported in JAMA by Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt, MD, MPH, FASCO, and colleagues, the phase III CALGB/SWOG 80702 (Alliance) trial has shown no disease-free survival benefit with the addition of the cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) inhibitor celecoxib to standard adjuvant therapy in patients with stage III...

Colorectal Cancer

Risk of Colorectal Cancer and Colorectal Polyps in First-Degree Family Members

Researchers have demonstrated a possible connection between colorectal polyps in close relatives and the risk of developing colorectal cancer. The study, which was published by Song et al in the British Medical Journal, is of potential consequence for cancer screening procedures. Colorectal cancer...

Colorectal Cancer

Addition of Neoadjuvant FOLFIRINOX to Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy in Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thierry Conroy, MD, and colleagues, the French phase III UNICANCER-PRODIGE 23 trial has shown that intensification of preoperative therapy with FOLFIRINOX (oxaliplatin, irinotecan, leucovorin, fluorouracil [5-FU]) prior to chemoradiotherapy resulted in improved ...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Study Explores Rates of Germline Mutations in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

In a recent study published by Uson Junior et al in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, researchers found one in six patients with colorectal cancer had an inherited cancer-related genetic mutation, which may be linked to a predisposition to the disease. In addition, the researchers...

Colorectal Cancer

National Survey Finds Average-Risk Individuals Prefer Stool-Based Tests Over Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer Screening

A national survey conducted by Zhu et al to identify patient preferences among colorectal cancer screening modalities to improve population adherence to colorectal cancer screening has found, when presented with a choice, most individuals with an average risk of colorectal cancer prefer stool-based ...

Bladder Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Solid Tumors
Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Recent Designations in Urothelial Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Cholangiocarcinoma, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued regulatory decisions related to treatments for urothelial cancer, cervical cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, solid tumors, and colorectal cancer. Acceptance of Two Supplemental Biologics License Applications for Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv in...

Colorectal Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy for MSI-H or dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: Health-Related Quality of Life

In an analysis from the phase III KEYNOTE-177 trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Thierry André, MD, and colleagues found that pembrolizumab was associated with clinically meaningful improvements in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) compared with chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of...

Pancreatic Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Skin Cancer
Lung Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Estimated Shifts in Cancer Incidence and Death Over Next 2 Decades

In the next 2 decades, rankings of incidence and death across cancer types in the United States will undergo important changes, according to new research published by Lola Rahib, PhD, and colleagues in JAMA Network Open. The study estimates that pancreatic cancer is on course to become the...

Colorectal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Patients of Different Races With Early-Onset Colorectal Cancer Exhibit Distinct Genetic Features

Racial differences in genetic mutations were observed among patients with early-onset colorectal cancer, according to data presented by Andreana N. Holowatyj, PhD, MS, during the virtual American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Annual Meeting 2021 (Abstract 101). The incidence of early-onset ...

colorectal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, and Axel Grothey, MD, on Liquid Biopsies for Colorectal and Other GI Cancers

colorectal cancer
genomics/genetics

Heinz-Josef Lenz, MD, and Axel Grothey, MD, on Colorectal Cancer: Molecular Testing and Interpreting an NGS Report

Colorectal Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer

FDA Approves New Dosing Regimen for Cetuximab in Colorectal Cancer, Head and Neck Cancer

On April 6, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new dosage regimen for cetuximab (Erbitux) of 500 mg/m2 as a 120-minute intravenous infusion every 2 weeks for patients with KRAS wild-type, EGFR-expressing colorectal cancer or squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. This...

Colorectal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Prostate Cancer

Does Consumption of Ultra-Processed Food and Drink Increase Colorectal Cancer Risk?

Consumption of ultra-processed food and drink could increase the risk of developing colorectal cancer. This was the conclusion of a large study published by Romaguera et al in Clinical Nutrition based on questionnaires about food behaviors completed by around 8,000 people in Spain. The study, the...

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