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Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Leukemia

Prevalence of Plasma Cell and Lymphoproliferative Disorders in Relatives of Probands With Light Chain Amyloidosis

In a study reported in the British Journal of Haematology, Staron et al found that the prevalence of plasma cell and lymphoproliferative disorders among blood relatives of probands with light chain (AL) amyloidosis was low overall and varied according to proband AL amyloidosis subtype. Despite...

Multiple Myeloma

Going the Last Mile: Accelerating Delivery of Multiple Myeloma Therapies to All Patients

When I was diagnosed with multiple myeloma in 1996, I was given 3 years to live. At the time, there was little understanding of this disease, which was termed incurable. There were no new treatments, few drugs in the pipeline, hardly any clinical trials, and no multiple myeloma community or...

Hematologic Malignancies
Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Hematologic Oncology 2021–2022 Almanac

Ongoing evaluation of novel, targeted, and immunotherapies has led to exciting advances across the array of hematologic malignancies over the past year. The availability of new treatment options, along with emerging data on novel combinations and sequencing approaches, is rapidly changing...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Bispecific Antibodies With Multiple Targets Moving Forward in Multiple Myeloma

Poor outcomes are observed in patients with myeloma who are refractory to multiple classes of therapies, with the average patient experiencing disease progression in up to 6 months and living no longer than 6 to 15 months. Patients often rapidly cycle through regimens that use less effective or...

Multiple Myeloma

Isatuximab-Containing Induction Therapy for Multiple Myeloma Increases Measurable Residual Disease Negativity

For the first-line treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, the percentage of patients achieving measurable residual disease (MRD, previously called minimal residual disease) negativity was significantly greater when the anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody isatuximab was added to a standard...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

MAIA Trial: Daratumumab Added to Lenalidomide Plus Dexamethasone Improves Overall Survival in Transplant-Ineligible Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thierry Facon, MD, of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Lille, and colleagues, a prespecified interim analysis of overall survival in the pivotal phase III MAIA trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of daratumumab to...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Daratumumab Prolongs Progression-Free Survival in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Philippe Moreau, MD, of the University Hospital Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, and colleagues, an interim analysis of part 2 of the phase III CASSIOPEIA trial has showed significantly prolonged progression-free survival with maintenance daratumumab vs observation...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Subcutaneous Daratumumab Added to Pomalidomide Plus Dexamethasone Improves Progression-Free Survival in Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, and colleagues, the phase III APOLLO trial has shown significantly improved progression-free survival with the addition of subcutaneous (SC) daratumumab to oral...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

BCMA-Directed CAR T-Cell Therapy Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In the phase Ib/II CARTITUDE-1 trial reported in The Lancet, Jesus G. Berdeja, MD, and colleagues found that ciltacabtagene autoleucel (cilta-cel), a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with two B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-targeting single-domain antibodies, produced a high rate of...

Multiple Myeloma

Association of MRD Status With Outcomes After Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma

In an analysis from the UK phase III MYELOMA XI trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, de Tute et al found that persistent measurable residual disease (MRD)-negative status after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and conversion from MRD-positive to -negative status were...

Multiple Myeloma
COVID-19

Third Dose of COVID-19 Vaccine Significantly Increases Immune Responses in Most Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Most immunocompromised people with multiple myeloma benefited from a third dose of COVID-19 vaccines—a promising sign after it was shown that two doses tended to not be sufficient for them. However, some people with multiple myeloma still remained vulnerable and may need a fourth dose or antibody...

Multiple Myeloma

Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On February 28, 2022, ciltacabtagene autoleucel was approved for treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after at least four lines of therapy, including a proteasome inhibitor, an immunomodulatory agent, and an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody.1 Ciltacabtagene autoleucel is a...

Multiple Myeloma

Combined BCMA and CD19 CAR T Cells in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma: Long-Term Follow-up

In a long-term follow-up of a Chinese phase II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wang et al found that the combination of anti–B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) and anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells produced durable responses and favorable survival outcomes in...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Ciltacabtagene Autoleucel for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On February 28, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ciltacabtagene autoleucel (Carvykti) for the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma after four or more prior lines of therapy, including a proteasome inhibitor, an immunomodulatory agent, and an anti-CD38 ...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Interim Analysis of Overall Survival in ICARIA-MM: Addition of Isatuximab to Pomalidomide/Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Paul G. Richardson, MD, and colleagues, a prespecified interim overall survival analysis of the phase III ICARIA-MM trial showed that the addition of isatuximab to pomalidomide and dexamethasone in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma produced...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Joseph Mikhael, MD

The ASCO Post asked Joseph Mikhael, MD, Chief Medical Officer of the International Myeloma Foundation and Professor in the Applied Cancer Research and Drug Discovery Division at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (an affiliate of City of Hope Cancer Center), to comment on the GMMG-HD7...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Isatuximab-Containing Induction Therapy for Multiple Myeloma Increases Measurable Residual Disease Negativity

For the first-line treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, the percentage of patients achieving measurable residual disease (MRD, previously called minimal residual disease) negativity was significantly greater when the anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody isatuximab was added to a standard...

Multiple Myeloma

Expert Point of View: Philip L. McCarthy, MD

The ASCO Post invited myeloma expert Philip L. McCarthy, MD, Director of the Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, New York, to comment on the trials evaluating early detection of myeloma at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual ...

Multiple Myeloma

Studies Evaluate Screening for Early Multiple Myeloma

Precursors to multiple myeloma were identified by population screening in two studies reported at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition. The prevalence of monoclonal gammopathies was determined in the PROMISE trial using cutting-edge technology in a high-risk ...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, FACP

Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, FACP, Associate Professor in the Department of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Winship Cancer Institute, Emory University, Atlanta, commented on the promising emergence of bispecific T-cell engaging (bispecific) antibodies, as represented by studies presented at the 2021...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Bispecific Antibodies With Multiple Targets Moving Forward in Multiple Myeloma

Poor outcomes are observed in patients with myeloma who are refractory to multiple classes of therapies, with the average patient experiencing disease progression in up to 6 months and living no longer than 6 to 15 months. Patients often rapidly cycle through regimens that use less effective or...

Multiple Myeloma

In All Candor, What Does CANDOR Bring to the Table in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma?

An updated analysis of the phase III CANDOR study—recently reported by Usmani et al and summarized in this issue of The ASCO Post—confirmed a significant progression-free survival benefit for the combination of daratumumab, carfilzomib, and dexamethasone (KdD) over carfilzomib and dexamethasone...

Multiple Myeloma

Continued Progression-Free Survival Benefit With Carfilzomib/Dexamethasone/Daratumumab vs Carfilzomib/Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In an updated analysis of the pivotal phase III CANDOR trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saad Z. Usmani, MD, of Levine Cancer Institute/Atrium Health, and colleagues found that the addition of daratumumab to carfilzomib and dexamethasone (KdD) continued to show a large progression-free...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Daratumumab/Hyaluronidase-fihj and Carfilzomib in Multiple Myeloma

On November 30, 2021, daratumu­mab/hyaluronidase-fihj and carfilzomib were approved for use in combination with dexamethasone for adults with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who had one to three prior lines of therapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in a cohort...

Multiple Myeloma

Isatuximab-Containing Induction Therapy for Multiple Myeloma Increases Measurable Residual Disease Negativity

For the first-line treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma, the percentage of patients achieving measurable residual disease (MRD, previously called minimal residual disease) negativity was significantly greater when the anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody isatuximab was added to a standard...

Multiple Myeloma

Philip L. McCarthy, MD, Comments on Trials Evaluating the Early Detection of Myeloma

The ASCO Post invited myeloma expert Philip L. McCarthy, MD, Director of the Transplant and Cellular Therapy Program at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, New York, to comment on the trials evaluating early detection of myeloma at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual ...

Multiple Myeloma

Studies Evaluate Screening for Early Multiple Myeloma

Precursors to multiple myeloma were identified by population screening in two studies reported at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition. The prevalence of monoclonal gammopathies was determined in the PROMISE trial using cutting-edge technology in a high-risk ...

Multiple Myeloma

Report Describes Identification of a Novel Therapeutic Target for Multiple Myeloma

Proteasome inhibitors, the therapeutic backbone of current treatments for multiple myeloma, are effective in treating newly diagnosed disease, but resistance or intolerance to these molecules often develops, leading to relapse. While studying a neglected tropical disease, Buruli ulcer, researchers...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Romanos Sklavenitis-Pistofidis, MD, on Smoldering Myeloma: Identifying Biomarkers of Response to Immunotherapy

Romanos Sklavenitis-Pistofidis, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on a next generation of clinical assays to assess both tumor biology and immune state, as well as common clinical biomarkers in the marrow or blood. These biomarkers may accurately predict which patients with smoldering multiple myeloma might benefit from early treatment, monitor response to immunotherapy, and improve patient outcomes (Abstract 330).

multiple myeloma
genomics/genetics

Anil Aktas-Samur, PhD, on Identifying Low-Risk Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

Anil Aktas-Samur, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses study findings on the genomic characterization of non-progressor smoldering multiple myeloma, results that may provide a molecular definition of the disease as well as its risk-driving features. Combining this low-risk model with current high-risk models may possibly improve clinical trials for patients with this early precursor to myeloma (Abstract 545).  

multiple myeloma
covid-19

Nikhil C. Munshi, MD, PhD, on COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

Nikhil C. Munshi, MD, PhD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, discusses the findings from a large nationwide Veterans Affairs study, which showed that, for patients with multiple myeloma, the effectiveness of the COVID-19 vaccine is reduced, likely due to patients’ immunosuppression. Dr. Munshi describes what next steps should be taken (Abstract 400).

Multiple Myeloma

MRD Response–Adapted Therapy in Patients Receiving Daratumumab, Carfilzomib, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone Plus AHCT for Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In the phase II MASTER trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Luciano J. Costa, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that daratumumab, carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (Dara-KRd) induction; autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT); and measurable residual disease (MRD) ...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy
Genomics/Genetics

Molecular Analysis Advances Risk Profiling and Assessment of Immunotherapy Response in Smoldering Myeloma

Molecular and genetic research has advanced the categorization of different risk groups in patients with smoldering myeloma. Notable presentations at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition included reports on biomarkers to predict response to immunotherapy in...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Daratumumab in Front-Line Treatment of Newly Diagnosed Transplant-Ineligible Multiple Myeloma: Questions Emerge From MAIA Trial

In the past decade, use of immunotherapy has arisen as a novel adjunct to multiple myeloma therapy. Daratumumab is the first anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody to be approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in November 2015, for use in treating relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.1...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

MAIA Trial: Daratumumab Added to Lenalidomide Plus Dexamethasone Improves Overall Survival in Transplant-Ineligible Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thierry Facon, MD, of the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Lille, and colleagues, a prespecified interim analysis of overall survival in the pivotal phase III MAIA trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of daratumumab to...

Multiple Myeloma

CANDOR: Continued Progression-Free Survival Benefit With Carfilzomib, Dexamethasone, and Daratumumab vs Carfilzomib and Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

In an updated analysis of the pivotal phase III CANDOR trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saad Z. Usmani, MD, and colleagues found that the addition of daratumumab to carfilzomib and dexamethasone (KdD) continued to show a large progression-free survival benefit in patients with relapsed or...

multiple myeloma

Tarek H. Mouhieddine, MD, on Relapsed/Refractory Multiple Myeloma and Bispecific Antibodies

Tarek H. Mouhieddine, MD, of The Mount Sinai Hospital and The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, discusses data that suggest patients with heavily pretreated, predominantly triple-class refractory multiple myeloma who relapse after treatment with bispecific antibodies may still have good outcomes when sequentially treating with other immunologic treatments (Abstract 821).  

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Isatuximab/RVd Meets Primary Endpoint of MRD Negativity for Newly Diagnosed, Transplant-Eligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

For the first-line treatment of newly diagnosed, transplant-eligible patients with multiple myeloma, the achievement of measurable residual disease (MRD) negativity was significantly greater when the anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody isatuximab was added to the standard three-drug induction regimen of...

Multiple Myeloma
COVID-19

Fully Vaccinated Patients With Multiple Myeloma: Rates of SARS–CoV-2 Breakthrough Infection and Hospitalization

In a U.S. cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Wang et al found that fully vaccinated patients with multiple myeloma were at increased risk of breakthrough SARS–CoV-2 infection, and that those with breakthrough infection were more likely to be hospitalized vs fully vaccinated persons without ...

Multiple Myeloma
COVID-19

COVID-19 Vaccination: Patients With Multiple Myeloma May Lack T-Cell Response

Patients with multiple myeloma lacking an antibody response to COVID-19 vaccination may also fail to mount a T-cell response, researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have reported. This scenario seemed to be most common among patients actively treated with anti-CD38 and...

Multiple Myeloma

Evaluation of Carfilzomib-Based Induction, Consolidation, and Maintenance Strategies in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In the Italian phase II FORTE trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Francesca Gay, PhD, and colleagues found that induction therapy with carfilzomib, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (KRd) produced a higher response rate vs carfilzomib, cyclophosphamide, and dexamethasone (KCd) among patients aged...

Multiple Myeloma

FDA Approves Triplet Therapy for Previously Treated Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On November 30, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved daratumumab and hyaluronidase-fihj (Darzalex Faspro) in combination with carfilzomib (Kyprolis) plus dexamethasone for adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one to three prior lines of...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Daratumumab After Initial Therapy for Transplant-Eligible Multiple Myeloma: More Questions Than Answers From CASSIOPEIA Part 2

Bortezomib, thalidomide, and dexamethasone (VTd) is an acceptable, effective standard-of-care induction treatment in Europe for patients with newly diagnosed myeloma who are eligible for autologous stem cell transplantation. CASSIOPEIA is a two-part, open-label, randomized, phase III trial in...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Maintenance Daratumumab Prolongs Progression-Free Survival in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Philippe Moreau, MD, of the University Hospital Hôtel-Dieu, Nantes, and colleagues, an interim analysis of part 2 of the phase III CASSIOPEIA trial has showed significantly prolonged progression-free survival with maintenance daratumumab vs observation...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

High-Risk Multiple Myeloma: Combination Regimens and CAR T-Cell Therapy

“Continuous improvement is better than delayed perfection.”  —Mark Twain To complement The ASCO Post’s extensive coverage of the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting, here are several abstracts selected from the meeting proceedings focusing on novel treatments under study in high-risk multiple myeloma. For...

Multiple Myeloma

Model May Help Identify Subtypes of Multiple Myeloma

Researchers have developed a new model that uses DNA and RNA sequencing data from hundreds of patients to identify specific genes and genetic alterations responsible for subtypes of multiple myeloma. They also identified potential targeted treatments based on the findings, which were reported by...

multiple myeloma

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, on Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma: How Many Drugs Are Enough?

Shaji K. Kumar, MD, of the Mayo Clinic Cancer Center, discusses the evolving treatment paradigm for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in which clinical trials are suggesting the addition of a fourth drug to induction treatment regimens and new drug classes are improving treatment for those not eligible for transplantation.

Multiple Myeloma
COVID-19

Patients With Multiple Myeloma May Lack T-Cell Responses to COVID-19 Vaccination

Patients with multiple myeloma lacking an antibody response to COVID-19 vaccine may also fail to mount a T-cell response, according to research from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. Concerningly, this scenario was most common among patients actively treated with anti-CD38 and...

Multiple Myeloma

Melphalan Flufenamide Withdrawn From the U.S. Market

On October 22, Oncopeptides announced its decision to withdraw melphalan flufenamide (Pepaxto), a first-in-class peptide-drug conjugate, from the market in the United States, following results from the phase III OCEAN study in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. The decision to...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Overall Survival in the MAIA Trial: Daratumumab, Lenalidomide, and Dexamethasone for Newly Diagnosed Transplant-Ineligible Patients With Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Thierry Facon, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of overall survival in the pivotal phase III MAIA trial has shown a significant benefit with the addition of daratumumab to lenalidomide/dexamethasone in newly diagnosed, transplant-ineligible patients with ...

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