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Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Belantamab Mafodotin-bmlf in Multiple Myeloma: Number of Prior Treatments No Hindrance to Efficacy

A post hoc analysis of the phase II DREAMM-2 trial showed single-agent belantamab mafodotin-bmlf to be efficacious and tolerable in patients with relapsed  or refractory multiple myeloma treated with at least three prior therapies, investigators reported at the 2020 American Society of Hematology...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH

Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, Associate Professor of Hematology and Medical Oncology at Emory University and Medical Director, Winship Research Informatics Shared Resource at Winship Cancer Institute, Atlanta, considered the presentations on bispecific T-cell–engaging antibodies in myeloma to be among...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

New Targets Explored for Bispecific T-Cell–Engaging Antibodies in Myeloma

B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) is the most frequent target of immunotherapies in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, but bispecific T-cell–engaging (BiTE) antibodies with novel targets are also achieving promising results. Studies presented at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH)...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Sagar Lonial, MD

Sagar Lonial, MD, the Anne and Bernard Gray Family Chair in Cancer, Chair and Professor of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, commented on the APOLLO trial for The ASCO Post. “APOLLO is a highly awaited study, as the use of daratumumab plus...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Subcutaneous Daratumumab Meets Primary Endpoint in APOLLO Trial in Myeloma

The first phase III study to evaluate the subcutaneous form of daratumumab has met its primary endpoint, investigators of the APOLLO trial reported at the 2020 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition.1 The triplet of daratumumab, pomalidomide, and low-dose dexamethasone ...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma
multiple myeloma
issues in oncology
palliative care

Lena E. Winestone, MD, MSHP, on Health-Care Disparities in Hematologic Cancers: Real-World Data

Lena E. Winestone, MD, MSHP, of the University of California, San Francisco and Benioff Children’s Hospital, reviews different aspects of bias in treatment delivery, including patient selection for clinical trials; racial and ethnic disparities in survival for indolent non-Hodgkin diffuse large B-cell lymphomas; and end-of-life hospitalization of patients with multiple myeloma, as well as outcome disparities (Abstracts 207-212).

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Patient-Reported Outcomes With Triplet Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In an analysis from the phase III MAIA trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Perrot et al found that the combination of daratumumab, lenalidomide, and dexamethasone (D-Rd) was associated with better health-related quality-of-life outcomes vs lenalidomide and dexamethasone (Rd) in...

Multiple Myeloma
Genomics/Genetics

Identifying Multiple Myeloma Prognostic Subgroups With Distinct Genetic and Clinical Features

Multiple myeloma is the second most common blood cancer, after non-Hodgkin lymphoma, diagnosed in the United States. In 2020, it is estimated that about 32,270 people will be diagnosed with the cancer, and despite advances in more effective treatments, nearly 13,000 will die of the disease.1...

Multiple Myeloma

FDA Approves Selinexor for Refractory or Relapsed Multiple Myeloma

On December 18, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved selinexor (Xpovio) in combination with bortezomib (Velcade) and dexamethasone for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least one prior therapy. The FDA granted selinexor accelerated...

Multiple Myeloma

Does Melflufen Plus Dexamethasone Show Activity in Heavily Pretreated Patients With Relapsed and Refractory Multiple Myeloma?

In the phase II HORIZON study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Paul G. Richardson, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of the peptide-drug conjugate melflufen and dexamethasone showed activity in patients with heavily pretreated relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma....

Multiple Myeloma

Oral Panobinostat and Dexamethasone Plus Subcutaneous Bortezomib for Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

The randomized phase II PANORAMA 3 trial found that when used in combination with subcutaneous bortezomib and oral dexamethasone, oral panobinostat produced higher response rates with 20-mg dosing regimens and lower toxicity with a 10-mg regimen. The safety profile also appeared to be better than...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Daratumumab, Pomalidomide, and Dexamethasone

Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, of the University of Athens, discusses data from the phase III APOLLO study, which evaluated the use of subcutaneous daratumumab plus pomalidomide and dexamethasone, vs pomalidomide and dexamethasone alone, in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (Abstract 412).

multiple myeloma

Paul G. Richardson, MD, on Multiple Myeloma: Roundup of Three Key Studies

Paul G. Richardson, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, gives his expert perspective on three important studies in multiple myeloma: long-term results from the IFM 2009 trial on early vs late autologous stem cell transplant in patients with newly diagnosed disease; the effect of high-dose melphalan on mutational burden in relapsed disease; and daratumumab plus lenalidomide, bortezomib, and dexamethasone in transplant-eligible patients with newly diagnosed disease (Abstracts 143, 61, and 549).

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Sagar Lonial, MD, on CAR T-Cell Therapies for Myeloma: Novel Approaches and Longer-Term Follow-up Data

Sagar Lonial, MD, of the Emory University School of Medicine, summarizes key papers presented in a session he co-moderated on how second-generation CAR T cells can be used to treat patients with multiple myeloma (Session 653).

Multiple Myeloma
Genomics/Genetics

ASH 2020: Multiple Myeloma Patient Similarity Network Identifies Prognostic Subgroups With Distinct Genetic and Clinical Features

An analysis by Bhalla et al of multiomics data from newly diagnosed patients with multiple myeloma has identified 3 main patient groups and 12 prognostic subgroups (as well as potential vulnerabilities in each subgroup) based on five data types generated from genomic and transcriptomic patient...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: Subcutaneous Teclistamab for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma Studied in Phase I Trial

A subcutaneous injection of the BCMAxCD3 bispecific antibody teclistamab was found to be safe and elicited responses in a majority of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, according to findings from a multi-institutional phase I study presented by Alfred L. Garfall, MD, and...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

ASH 2020: APOLLO Findings Support Use of Subcutaneous Daratumumab Plus Pomalidomide/Dexamethasone in Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

For patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma whose disease progressed after at least one prior regimen, the subcutaneous form of daratumumab, given with pomalidomide and dexamethasone, significantly improved progression-free survival vs pomalidomide and low-dose dexamethasone alone....

Multiple Myeloma

Discordance Among Risk Models for Smoldering Multiple Myeloma

In a study reported as a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Hill et al found a low degree of concordance in risk categorization among commonly used smoldering multiple myeloma risk models. Study Details The study involved application of the Mayo Clinic Risk Stratification Model 2008, the Programa...

Multiple Myeloma

Ixazomib Maintenance in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma Who Did Not Receive ASCT

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Greece, and colleagues, the phase III TOURMALINE-MM4 trial has shown that postinduction maintenance with ixazomib prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo in...

Multiple Myeloma

Update on Multiple Myeloma: Highlights From NCCN Virtual Congress on Hematologic Malignancies

New diagnostic criteria and modern imaging techniques, a wealth of new therapeutics, and an update on current thinking as to when to treat patients with smoldering myeloma were highlighted during the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) 2020 Virtual Congress: Hematologic Malignancies™....

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH

“Both KarMMa and CARTITUDE-1 trials presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program showed exceptional results, not only in obtaining higher responses in the majority of patients but also in attaining high-quality responses,” said Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, Associate Professor, Department of...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Support Builds for Anti-BCMA CAR T-Cell Therapy in Multiple Myeloma

Based on early results in clinical trials, interest in the use of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in multiple myeloma has been high, especially for products targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA). During the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, further support for CAR T-cell...

Multiple Myeloma

Once-Weekly Selinexor Plus Bortezomib/Dexamethasone vs Twice-Weekly Bortezomib/Dexamethasone in Previously Treated Patients With Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet by Grosicki et al, the phase III BOSTON trial has shown significantly prolonged progression-free survival with once-weekly selinexor plus bortezomib/dexamethasone vs twice-weekly bortezomib/dexamethasone in previously treated patients with multiple myeloma. Study Details...

Multiple Myeloma

Carfilzomib vs Bortezomib, Each Combined With Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone, in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Shaji K. Kumar, MD, of the Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, and colleagues,1 the phase III ENDURANCE trial has shown no improvement in progression-free survival with carfilzomib plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone (KRd) vs bortezomib plus...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH

“Both KarMMa and CARTITUDE-1 trials presented during the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program showed exceptional results, not only in obtaining higher responses in the majority of patients but also in attaining high-quality responses,” said Ajay K. Nooka, MD, MPH, Associate Professor, Department of...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Support Builds for Anti-BCMA CAR T-Cell Therapy in Multiple Myeloma

Based on early results in clinical trials, interest in the use of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in multiple myeloma has been high, especially for products targeting B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA). During the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program, further support for CAR T-cell...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Philip McCarthy, MD

Philip McCarthy, MD, Professor of Oncology and Internal Medicine and Director of the Transplant and Cellular Therapy Center at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, Buffalo, New York, found the results of the DREAMM-6 study to be “exciting and promising.” He commented: “The overall response...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Responses Achieved With Belantamab Mafodotin in Relapsed or Refractory Myeloma

The antibody-drug conjugate belantamab mafodotin yielded responses as a single agent and in combination with bortezomib and dexamethasone in the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma, according to two reports from the DREAMM team at the ASCO20 Virtual Scientific Program.1,2 In the...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Novel Therapies and New Indications for Use in Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies

Daratumumab and hyaluronidase-fihj: On May 1, 2020, the FDA approved daratumumab and hyaluronidase-fihj (Darzalex) for adult patients with newly diagnosed or relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. Ibrutinib: On April 21, 2020, the FDA expanded the indication of ibrutinib (Imbruvica) to include...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Novel Treatment Approaches on the Horizon in Multiple Myeloma

Clinicians who treat multiple myeloma can anticipate a host of new treatments: melflufen, cereblon E3 ligase modulators (CELMoDs), antibody-drug conjugates, bispecific antibodies, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies. Kenneth C. Anderson, MD, FASCO, Director of the Jerome Lipper...

Leukemia
Lymphoma
Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Novel Therapies and New Indications for Use in Treatment of Hematologic Malignancies

Venetoclax: On October 16, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved venetoclax (Venclexta) in combination with azacitidine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine for newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults aged 75 or older. See page 32 for more on this approval....

Hematologic Malignancies
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Immunotherapy

Hematologic Oncology Highlights 2019–2020 Almanac

The past year has seen remarkable advances in the treatment of leukemia, lymphoma, and multiple myeloma, which combined account for 9.9% of the estimated 1,806,590 new cases of cancer diagnosed in the United States and an estimated 56,840 cancer-related deaths.1 Novel therapies are providing...

Multiple Myeloma

Association of FDG Uptake According to Deauville Criteria With Survival Outcomes in Newly Diagnosed Multiple Myeloma

In an analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zamagni et al found that fluorodeoxyglucose F-18 (FDG) uptake of less than 4 on the Deauville scale in bone marrow and focal lesions on pre–maintenance therapy FDG positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scans was...

Solid Tumors
Multiple Myeloma

Intermittent Dosing Schedules of RAF/MEK Inhibitor in RAS/RAF-Mutant Solid Tumors and Multiple Myeloma

In a single-center phase I dose-escalation and basket dose-expansion study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Guo et al identified the phase II dose and schedule for the oral RAF/MEK inhibitor CH5126766 in patients with RAS/RAF-mutant cancers. The agent also showed antitumor activity across various...

Solid Tumors
Multiple Myeloma

ASCO Approves First Joint MSTS/ASTRO/ASCO Guideline on Treatment of Metastatic Carcinoma and Myeloma of the Femur

On June 20, 2020, ASCO approved the first joint Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS)/American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO)/ASCO guideline on the care of patients with metastatic carcinoma and myeloma of the femur.1 Guideline recommendations were based on a systematic review of clinical...

Multiple Myeloma

Ixazomib Maintenance in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Multiple Myeloma Not Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant: TOURMALINE-MM4 Trial

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Meletios A. Dimopoulos, MD, and colleagues, the phase III TOURMALINE-MM4 trial has shown that postinduction maintenance with ixazomib prolonged progression-free survival vs placebo in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma not undergoing...

Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Multiple Myeloma
Pancreatic Cancer

Trends to Watch in Early-Onset Cancer Among Young Adults

Although cancer incidence and mortality rates for all cancers combined are considerably lower in younger adults than older adults, a disturbing pattern is beginning to emerge in the development of early-onset cancers, typically diagnosed in older patients, occurring in younger adults. The rising...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Carfilzomib and Daratumumab With Dexamethasone for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On August 20, 2020, carfilzomib and daratumumab were approved for use in combination with dexamethasone for treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one to three lines of therapy.1-3 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in two clinical...

Multiple Myeloma

Red Flag Presentations of Immunoglobulin Light Chain Amyloidosis in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

The ASCO Post is pleased to present Hematology Expert Review, an ongoing feature that occasionally quizzes readers on issues in hematology. In this installment, the authors highlight the most common type of systemic amyloidosis in the United States: immunoglobulin light chain [or amyloid light...

Immunotherapy
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review for Agents in Multiple Myeloma, Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to therapies for pretreated patients with multiple myeloma and pediatric patients with ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma; granted Fast Track designation to novel agents in gastric/gastroesophageal junction...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

Updates on BCMA-Directed CAR-Modified T-Cell Gene Therapies

Outcomes in patients with triple-class–failure relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma who experience disease progression on immunomodulatory agents, proteasome inhibitors, and CD38 antibodies are dismal. Most recently, early results of three anti-B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA) chimeric antigen...

Multiple Myeloma

Enthusiastic Response to Novel Therapies on the Horizon in Multiple Myeloma

Clinicians who treat multiple myeloma can anticipate a host of new treatments: melflufen, cereblon E3 ligase (CEL) modulators, antibody-drug conjugates, bispecific antibodies, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapies. Kenneth C. Anderson, MD, Director of the Jerome Lipper Multiple...

Multiple Myeloma

Belantamab Mafodotin-blmf for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On August 5, 2020, the antibody-drug conjugate belantamab mafodotin-blmf was granted accelerated approval for treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least four prior therapies, including an anti-CD38 monoclonal antibody, a proteasome inhibitor, ...

Multiple Myeloma

Carfilzomib vs Bortezomib, Each Combined With Lenalidomide/Dexamethasone, in Newly Diagnosed Patients With Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Shaji K. Kumar, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ENDURANCE trial has shown no improvement in progression-free survival with carfilzomib plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone (KRd) vs bortezomib plus lenalidomide/dexamethasone (VRd) in patients with newly diagnosed...

Multiple Myeloma
Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Solid Tumors
Lymphoma
Leukemia
Skin Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Multiple Myeloma, Metastatic Breast Cancer, and NSCLC

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to agents for the treatment of refractory multiple myeloma, metastatic breast cancer, and metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); gave Fast Track designation to treatments for NTRK mutation­–positive solid tumors...

Multiple Myeloma

How to Treat Patients With Multiple Myeloma Cost-Effectively Without Compromising Outcome

The dramatic advances in the diagnosis and treatment of multiple myeloma over the past 20 years have resulted in significant improvements in overall survival, with 5-year relative survival rates now around 50% and more than 60% for patients younger than age 70.1 The proteasome inhibitors...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Daratumumab Plus Carfilzomib and Dexamethasone for Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On August 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved daratumumab (Darzalex) in combination with carfilzomib (Kyprolis) and dexamethasone (DKd) for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received one to three previous lines of therapy....

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

FDA Grants Accelerated Approval to Belantamab Mafodotin-blmf for Pretreated Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

On August 5, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to belantamab mafodotin-blmf (Blenrep), an anti-B-cell maturation antigen antibody-drug conjugate, for adult patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who have received at least four prior therapies,...

Multiple Myeloma
Genomics/Genetics

Analysis of Deep Whole-Genome Sequencing in Patients With Multiple Myeloma Identifies Superior Outcome Subgroup

In a study of genome-wide somatic alterations in multiple myeloma reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Samur et al identified a subgroup of patients with superior outcomes who are not adequately identified by traditional risk markers. The study involved analysis of deep whole-genome...

Multiple Myeloma
Immunotherapy

CANDOR Trial: Carfilzomib, Dexamethasone, and Daratumumab vs Carfilzomib and Dexamethasone in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma

As reported in The Lancet by Meletios Dimopoulos, MD, and colleagues, the phase III CANDOR trial has shown prolonged progression-free survival with carfilzomib, dexamethasone, and daratumumab (KdD) vs carfilzomib and dexamethasone (Kd) in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma....

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