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Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

Risk of Cardiomyopathy in Childhood Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Eric J. Chow, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that daunorubicin was associated with decreased cardiomyopathy risk vs doxorubicin among pediatric cancer survivors, with epirubicin being approximately isoequivalent to doxorubicin. Risk associated with the...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Geriatric Assessment, Hospitalization, and Long-Term Care Use in Older Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Williams et al found that items in geriatric assessment were significantly predictive of hospitalization frequency and long-term care use among older cancer survivors. Study Details The study included 125 patients aged ≥ 65 years from...

breast cancer
survivorship

Patient Preferences for Oncologist and Primary Care Provider Roles After Initial Breast Cancer Treatment

In a study reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Radhakrishnan et al found that the level of involvement of medical oncologists and primary care physicians during initial cancer care in women with early-stage breast cancer affected patients’ preference for provider roles after initial ...

survivorship

Therapy-Related Cardiac Disease Risk in Childhood Cancer Survivors

As reported by Bates et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study indicated that radiation doses in conjunction with heart volume exposed to radiation and anthracycline treatment were associated with increased risk of late-onset cardiac disease in...

gynecologic cancer
survivorship

Persistent Long-Term Fatigue and Impact on Quality of Life Among Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Survivors

A study among epithelial ovarian cancer survivors from 25 cooperative Gynecologic Cancer Intergroup centers in France showed similar quality of life compared to healthy controls who were randomly selected from the electoral rolls, but persistent long-term fatigue. The researchers found depression,...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Implementing Personalized Pathways for Cancer Follow-up Care in the United States

A new approach to cancer follow-up care is required to meet the needs of the growing population of cancer survivors in the United States, while also addressing provider shortages and rising costs, according to a new multiagency report. The report—published by Alfano et al in CA: A Cancer ...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Perceived Infertility Risk and Actual Fertility Status in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lehmann et al found that perceptions of risk of infertility were often discordant with laboratory-assessed fertility status in adult survivors of childhood cancer. Study Details In the study, 1,067 survivors...

breast cancer
solid tumors
gynecologic cancer
lymphoma
survivorship

Subsequent Primary Neoplasms in Survivors of Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers

In a UK population-based cohort study (Teenage and Young Adult Cancer Survivor Study) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Bright et al found that subsequent primary neoplasms were most common in survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) breast, cervical, and testicular cancers, as well as Hodgkin...

cns cancers
survivorship

Late Morbidity and Mortality in Survivors of Medulloblastoma

In a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Salloum et al found that changes in medulloblastoma therapy over 3 decades that have improved survival have also increased risk for subsequent neoplasms and debilitating health conditions. As noted...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Creating ‘Right-Sized’ Follow-up Care in Oncology as Number of Cancer Survivors Grows

An aging population, a growing number of cancer survivors, and a projected shortage of cancer care providers will lead to challenges in delivering care for cancer survivors in the United States if systemic changes are not made, according to a commentary in the Journal of the National Cancer...

breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

Can Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Improve Treatment-Induced Menopausal Symptoms in Survivors of Breast Cancer?

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Atema et al found that an Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) intervention improved treatment-induced menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors compared with a waiting list control group. In the study, 254 women...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

How to Improve Care for Young Sexual and Gender Minority Cancer Survivors

IN 2017, ASCO issued its recommendations for addressing the oncology care needs of sexual and gender minority cancer survivors and the unique challenges they face.1 There are myriad reasons for cancer disparities in this population compared to heterosexual cisgender cancer survivors, including...

survivorship
symptom management

Late-Onset Cardiotoxicity in Pediatric Cancer Survivors: Comparison of Regimens

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Feijen et al found that daunorubicin was associated with decreased cardiomyopathy risk vs doxorubicin among pediatric cancer survivors, with epirubicin being approximately isoequivalent to doxorubicin. Risk associated with the anthraquinone mitoxantrone was...

issues in oncology
survivorship
cost of care

Cancer Survivors and Medical Financial Hardship

New research indicates that cancer survivors carry greater financial burdens related to medical debt payments and bills compared with individuals without a cancer history, with the greatest hardships in younger survivors. Published by Zheng et al in Cancer, the study also found that among...

survivorship

Effectiveness of Advanced Practice Providers in Providing Survivorship Care

In a single-center retrospective analysis reported in the Journal of Oncology Practice, Thom et al found that advanced practice providers—nurse practitioners and physician assistants—were effective in providing survivorship care to adult patients with cancer in accordance with Institute ...

lymphoma
survivorship

High Long-Term Risk of Solid Cancers in Survivors of Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma

A new study may bolster existing evidence that survivors of childhood Hodgkin lymphoma face an elevated risk of developing various types of solid tumors many years later. The study showed that certain subgroups of patients have an especially high risk. Published by Holmqvist et al in the journal...

breast cancer
survivorship

POEMS/SWOG Intergroup S0230 Study on Preventing Early Menopause

In the long-term follow-up of the Prevention of Early Menopause Study (POEMS)/SWOG Intergroup S0230 trial reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Moore et al found that the addition of goserelin (Zoladex) to cyclophosphamide-containing chemotherapy was associated with a higher...

breast cancer
survivorship
symptom management

SABCS 2018: Oxybutynin for the Management of Hot Flashes in Women Unable to Receive Hormone Replacement Treatment

Treatment with oxybutynin helped reduce the frequency and intensity of hot flashes for women who could not take hormone replacement therapy, including breast cancer survivors, according to the results of a trial presented at the 2018 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium by Leon-Ferre et al (Abstract ...

survivorship

Risk of Chronic Health Conditions in Survivors of Childhood Cancer Diagnosed From 1970 to 1999

In a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study cohort published in The Lancet Oncology, Gibson et al found that more recently treated survivors of childhood cancer had reduced risk of chronic health conditions compared to those diagnosed early in the study period. The study involved data...

palliative care
survivorship
myelodysplastic syndromes
leukemia

Suleika Jaouad on Making the Most of a Life Interrupted: A Young Adult Perspective on Cancer

Suleika Jaouad, an Emmy Award–winning writer, advocate, and cancer survivor who was diagnosed at age 22 with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia, discusses what she has learned about coping with cancer, learning from it, and growing beyond it.

issues in oncology
survivorship

ACS Report Looks at Ways to Improve Outcomes for Cancer Survivors and Caregivers

Growing numbers of cancer survivors, provider shortages, rising health-care costs, and socioeconomic disparities in health outcomes have created an urgent need to provide coordinated, comprehensive, personalized care for cancer survivors. A new report from the American Cancer Society (ACS) creates...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Adverse Mental Health Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors

In a systematic review of the literature reported in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Carreira et al found that most evidence strongly supports increased risk of anxiety, depression, neurocognitive dysfunction, and other forms of psychological issues in survivors of breast...

breast cancer
survivorship

Whole-Genome Sequencing May Help Identify Young Childhood Cancer Survivors at High Risk for Breast Cancer

Female survivors of childhood cancer, especially those treated with chest irradiation, have a substantially higher risk of developing breast cancer later in life. As a result, current clinical screening of this high-risk population relies primarily on the radiation dose and volume to the...

survivorship

Kathrine Rugbjerg, PhD, on Adolescents and Young Adult Survivors: Late Effects

Kathrine Rugbjerg, PhD, of the Danish Cancer Society, discusses her findings on the risk of cardiovascular disease and hospitalizations in Danish survivors of cancer during their adolescence and young adulthood.

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Cognitive Outcomes Among Older Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a study (Thinking and Living with Cancer) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Mandelblatt et al found that poorer cognitive function in older survivors of breast cancer was associated with chemotherapy, hormone therapy, and ApoE genotype. The ApoE ε4 allele has been associated...

Survivorship

Getting Their Lives Back: Helping Survivors of Cancer to Move Forward

Thirteen years ago, Stephanie Koraleski, PhD, an oncology psychologist, and Kay Ryan, PhD, RN, a cardiac nurse and breast cancer survivor, in Omaha, brought together colleagues in the fields of clinical research, nursing, nutrition, mental health, physical therapy, pharmacy, and spirituality to...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Risk of Late Venous Thromboembolism in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Madenci et al found that survivors of childhood cancer are at increased risk of late venous thromboembolism, with several factors increasing such risk. The study involved data from a...

lung cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Small Study Shows Chemotherapy May Lead to Early Menopause in Young Women With Lung Cancer

A new study suggests chemotherapy may cause acute amenorrhea, leading to early menopause in women with lung cancer. The study is the first to comment on amenorrhea rates in women younger than 50, concluding that women with lung cancer who desire future fertility should be educated about risks and...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Oncofertility: An Emerging and Much-Needed Field

The American Cancer Society estimated that in 2015 in the United States, more than 86,000 women younger than age 45 were diagnosed with cancer. Many of them face reproduction and fertility concerns, which could lead to long-term distress and impaired quality of life in survivorship. To shed light...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Impact of Doctor-Patient Communication on Outcomes in Cancer Survivors

A new study from the American Cancer Society has found that patients with cancer who reported greater satisfaction in the way their provider communicated with them received more efficient care, with fewer office visits and better health outcomes. These findings were published by Rai et al in...

cns cancers
survivorship

Functional and Social Independence in Survivors of Pediatric CNS Tumors

In a report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Brinkman et al found that 60% of adult survivors of pediatric central nervous system (CNS) tumors do not achieve full functional or social independence in adult life. In the study, functional and...

Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship

ACS Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines for Cancer Survivors and Outcomes After Colon Cancer Diagnosis

IN A STUDY reported in JAMA Oncology, Erin L. Van Blarigan, ScD, of the University of California, San Francisco, and colleagues found that adherence to American Cancer Society (ACS) nutrition and physical activity guidelines for cancer survivors was associated with improved survival among patients ...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Screening for Financial Issues in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Adult survivors of childhood cancer should be screened for financial problems that might cause them to delay or skip medical care or to suffer psychological distress. The recommendation from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital researchers followed an analysis that found 65% of...

Solid Tumors
Survivorship

Testicular Cancer Survivors and Adequate Screening for Long-Term Heart Disease

TESTICULAR CANCER is among the most common cancers in young men. The majority of patients are cured of their disease, but a newly published study shows many remain at risk for later complications from chemotherapy or other treatments. The study, published by Mohammad Abu Zaid, MD, Assistant...

survivorship

Many Childhood Cancer Survivors Not Concerned About Their Future Health

A research team led by a St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital epidemiologist has conducted the largest analysis to date of how adult survivors of childhood cancer view their health risk. The scientists found that a surprisingly high number of survivors showed a lack of concern for their...

survivorship

Endocrine Society Issues Guideline to Address the Risk of Endocrine Disorders Among Survivors of Childhood Cancers

To address a growing risk of endocrine disorders among childhood cancer survivors, the Endocrine Society has published the “Hypothalamic-Pituitary and Growth Disorders in Survivors of Childhood Cancer: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline,” advising...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Raising Awareness of the Financial Impact of Cancer on Young Adult Survivors

GUEST EDITOR Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology explores the unique physical, psychosocial, social, emotional, sexual, and financial challenges adolescents and young adults with cancer face. The column is guest edited by Brandon Hayes-Lattin, MD, FACP, Associate Professor of Medicine and Medical...

colorectal cancer
survivorship

Dietary Insulin Load and Risk of Disease Recurrence in Stage III Colon Cancer

New research led by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute investigators suggests that patients treated for nonmetastatic colon cancer may sharply reduce the risk that the disease will return by following a diet low in carbohydrates and other foods that raise insulin levels. In a study published by...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Genetic Risk for Subsequent Neoplasms in Long-Term Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wang et al found that germline pathogenic/likely pathogenic mutations significantly contributed to the risk of subsequent neoplasms in long-term survivors of childhood cancers. Study Details The study involved whole-genome sequencing on...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Handheld Device for Detecting Heart Dysfunction in Anthracycline-Exposed Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Cardiovascular complications, such as anthracycline-related heart failure, are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in survivors of childhood cancer, often developing at a time when these survivors are least engaged in long-term survivorship care, prompting the need for new paradigms in...

head and neck cancer
survivorship

Male Thyroid Cancer Survivors Face 50% Higher Risk of Cardiovascular Disease Than Women

Male thyroid cancer survivors have a nearly 50% higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease than women within 5 years of cancer diagnosis, according to a new study published by Park et al in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. More than 62,000 new cases of thyroid cancer...

breast cancer
survivorship

Low-Fat Dietary Intervention and Overall Survival After Breast Cancer Diagnosis

In an analysis from the Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Chlebowski et al found that overall survival after the diagnosis of incident breast cancer was improved in women in the reduced-fat dietary intervention group vs control group, reflecting reduced...

survivorship

Eating a High-Quality Diet Could Decrease Cancer Survivors’ Risk of Death by 65%

Cancer survivors who consumed a balanced, nutrient-dense diet had a 65% lower risk of dying from cancer than survivors who ate a poor-quality diet, according to findings published by Deshmukh et al in JNCI Cancer Spectrum. The study suggests that more than focusing on any particular food group,...

breast cancer
issues in oncology
survivorship

Study Finds Breast Cancer Survivors Are Not Getting Recommended Number of Mammograms Postsurgery

Breast cancer survivors are not getting the recommended level of screening postsurgery, according to a study by Ruddy et al in JNCCN–Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network. The study was led by Kathryn Ruddy, MD, MPH, Director of Cancer Survivorship for the Department of...

Solid Tumors
Issues in Oncology
Survivorship
Breast Cancer

Tai Chi for the Treatment of Insomnia in Breast Cancer Survivors

Underrecognized and inadequately managed, insomnia is a significant burden for many cancer survivors. Often persistent over several years following diagnosis and treatment, sleep problems negatively affect quality of life and elevate the risk of depression and anxiety. In this installment of The...

survivorship
integrative oncology
symptom management

Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE, on Insomnia in Cancer Survivors: Trial Results

Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses study findings on the effect of acupuncture vs cognitive behavior therapy in cancer survivors experiencing insomnia (Abstract 10001).

Symptom Management
Survivorship
Integrative Oncology

Treating Insomnia in Cancer Survivors

A Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute–supported randomized clinical trial of cancer survivors showed that 8 weeks of either acupuncture or cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) decreased the severity of insomnia among cancer survivors, though improvements were greatest among...

survivorship
symptom management

2018 ASCO: More Choices for Treating Insomnia in Cancer Survivors: Acupuncture and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

A Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI)-supported randomized clinical trial of cancer survivors showed that 8 weeks of either acupuncture or cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) decreased the severity of insomnia among cancer survivors, though improvements were greatest...

Survivorship

Obesity in Cancer Survivors: Identifying Teachable Moments

OBESITY IS associated with poor survival in patients with cancer, but when research is translated into survivorship care, obese and overweight patients can experience better outcomes, according to Karen Basen-Engquist, PhD, MPH, Professor of Behavioral Science and Director of the Center for Energy...

gynecologic cancer
survivorship

Survivors of Uterine Cancer Have Increased Risk of Heart Disease Years After Treatment Has Ended

A large population-based study by Soisson et al examining the long-term cardiovascular outcomes among survivors of endometrial cancer has found that women were at higher risk for a number of cardiovascular risks, including hypertension; diseases of the arteries, arterioles, and capillaries;...

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