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Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Breast Cancer Survivors

In the case-control Pathways Heart Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kwan et al found that breast cancer survivors had an elevated risk for incident diabetes overall and according to treatment as well as an elevated risk of incident hypertension according to treatment vs controls...

Survivorship

Effect of Daily Sitting Time and Weekly Physical Activity on Cancer Survivorship

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Cao et al found that the combination of increased daily sitting time and low weekly leisure-time physical activity was associated with poorer overall and cancer-specific survival among U.S. cancer survivors. Study Details The study involved data from a...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Developing a Comprehensive System for Personalized Survivorship-Centered Care Plans

By 2040, the number of cancer survivors in the United States is expected to climb from 17 million today to 26.1 million, with most living 5 years or more after their diagnosis. However, many of these survivors will need ongoing monitoring for treatment-related side effects and cancer recurrence...

Survivorship

Study Examines Role of Psychological Distress in AYA Cancer Survivors

New research indicates that psychological distress from cancer and its treatment can cause many adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer survivors to seek additional care and burden them with considerable medical expenses. The findings were published by Abdelhadi et al in the journal Cancer....

Prostate Cancer
Survivorship

Disconnect Between Expectations and Outcomes: Major Factor in Treatment-Related Regret Among Patients With Localized Prostate Cancer

“A disconnect between patient expectations and outcomes” is a major contributor to treatment-related regret among patients with localized prostate cancer, according to a study published in JAMA Oncology.1 The disconnect, “both as it relates to treatment efficacy and adverse effects, appears to...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Survivorship

Effect of Bupropion vs Placebo on Sexual Desire in Postmenopausal Female Cancer Survivors

In a phase II trial (NRG-CC004) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Barton et al found that bupropion, a dopaminergic agent, did not improve sexual desire vs placebo as measured by the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) desire subscale among postmenopausal women with low desire scores...

Survivorship

Achieving Equity in Cancer Care for Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer

Although cancer in adolescents and young adults (AYAs), defined by the National Cancer Institute as those between the ages of 15 and 39, is relatively rare—in 2020 nearly 90,000 AYAs were diagnosed with cancer and about 9,300 died of the disease1—and 5-year relative survival rates are high, between ...

Lymphoma
Survivorship

Study Finds Younger B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors May Have a Higher Risk of Age-Related Diseases Than Older Survivors

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most common cancers diagnosed in the United States, accounting for nearly 4% of all cancers. This year, about 81,600 individuals will be diagnosed with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and nearly 21,000 will die from the cancer. A study by Ocier et al published in Cancer...

Survivorship

Effect of Social Determinants of Health on Receipt of Survivorship Care Plans

Survivorship care plans are an important tool to help cancer survivors transition from active treatment to follow-up care, but a study published by Timsina et al in Supportive Care in Cancer has found that a number of vulnerable groups have a lower likelihood of receiving such plans. Cancer...

Survivorship

Study Assesses Benefit of Digital Health Tools for Cancer Survivors

New study results suggest that to maximize effects of digital support tools for cancer survivors, it is essential to personalize information and increase engagement efforts. The report, published by Leach et al in the journal Cancer, demonstrated significant improvement in the ability to manage...

Solid Tumors
Survivorship
Supportive Care

Goal-Focused Emotion-Regulation Therapy for Young Adult Testicular Cancer Survivors

Psychological therapy may reduce adverse biobehavioral effects of testicular cancer in young adult survivors, according to a pilot study published by Hoyt et al in the American Journal of Men’s Health. Biobehavior is the interaction of biologic processes and behavior. The recently published...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Courtney Williams, DrPH, on Cancer Survivors: Working Together to Improve Patient Adherence

Courtney Williams, DrPH, of the National Cancer Institute, discusses the costs associated with cancer survivors who don’t take their medications and cites the need for research to better understand whether residing in an urban or rural area may affect prescription adherence, and what interventions might help increase drug adherence and improve health outcomes.

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Active Living After Cancer Program May Improve Physical Functioning for Breast Cancer Survivors

Breast cancer survivors who participated in Active Living After Cancer, an evidence-based 12-week group program, markedly increased their physical activity and ability to accomplish the basic pursuits of daily life, reported Tami-Maury et al in the journal Cancer. The results show the program could ...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Effect of Mindfulness Meditation and Survivorship Education on Depressive Symptoms in Younger Breast Cancer Survivors

In a phase III trial (Pathways to Wellness) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Julienne E. Bower, PhD, and colleagues found that both mindfulness meditation and survivorship education interventions significantly reduced depressive symptoms in younger breast cancer survivors. Study...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Two Studies Explore the Role of Primary Care Providers in Effective Cancer Care

Communication between patients and their primary care providers is key to ensuring effective cancer care, both before diagnosis and after treatment, according to two recent papers authored by University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center researchers. Although each study analyzed different stages of...

Survivorship
Cost of Care
Issues in Oncology

Study Examines Link Between Obesity in Long-Term Cancer Survivors and Increased Health-Care Utilization and Spending

A new study from the American Cancer Society published by Xuesong Han, PhD, and colleagues in the journal Cancer has found a link between obesity and the substantial economic burden of nearly $20 billion in 2016 among long-term cancer survivors in the United States, with one-third attributable to...

Survivorship

Disparities Observed in Follow-up Care Among Young Adult Childhood Cancer Survivors

A research team examined gaps and disparities in lifelong follow-up among childhood cancer survivors, including taking a closer look at long-term follow-up care plans, specifically for underserved populations. Their study showed that age and ethnic background are associated with inadequate...

Survivorship
Pain Management

Does Pain Affect the Employment and Financial Outcomes of Cancer Survivors?

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Halpern et al found that cancer survivors with pain had worse employment and financial outcomes than did those reporting no pain. Study Details The study used data from 1,213 adult survivors identified from the 2016–2017 Medical Expenditure...

Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

Frailty and Neurocognitive Decline Among Young Adult Childhood Cancer Survivors

In a prospective study from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Williams et al found that prefrailty and frailty among young adult childhood cancer survivors were associated with neurocognitive decline vs nonfrail counterparts, mirroring the association...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Pregnancy Outcomes and Maternal Complications Among Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a systematic review and meta-analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that breast cancer survivors were less likely to have subsequent pregnancy vs the general population and more likely to have preterm birth. However, no reduction...

Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship

Quality of Life With General Practitioner– vs Surgeon-Led Colon Cancer Survivorship Care

In a 1-year interim analysis of a Dutch study (I CARE) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Vos et al found no clinically meaningful difference in changes in quality of life from baseline among patients with colon cancer with general practitioner– vs surgeon-led survivorship care. In addition,...

Lymphoma
Survivorship

Parenthood Status and Use of Assisted Reproductive Techniques in Younger Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors

In a Danish population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Øvlisen et al found that parenthood rates in younger Hodgkin lymphoma survivors who did not experience early relapse were similar to those in the general population, but that use of assisted reproductive techniques...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Addressing Sexuality Challenges Throughout the Cancer Care Continuum

Multiple studies have shown that sexuality and intimacy problems are common among patients with cancer, often beginning at the time of diagnosis and persisting through the continuum of care into the survivorship setting. Although these problems have been well documented, many patients and survivors ...

Head and Neck Cancer
Survivorship

Study Explores Taste and Smell Dysfunction in Head and Neck Cancer Survivors

Most survivors of head and neck squamous cell cancers report that their sense of taste is dulled, changed, or lost during radiation treatment. In a study of taste and smell dysfunction in 40 cancer survivors, scientists found that the tips of these individuals' tongues were significantly less...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Breast Cancer Risk Prediction Model for Childhood Cancer Survivors Who Received Chest Radiation

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (CCSS) and the Dutch Hodgkin Late Effects and LATER cohorts reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Moskowitz et al developed a model for predicting the risk of breast cancer among childhood cancer survivors treated with chest...

Survivorship

Study Examines Barriers to Survivorship Care

Even among a large group of cancer survivors who were mostly insured, college-educated, and had annual incomes above the national average, up to 10% delayed care in the previous 12 months because they simply could not afford out-of-pocket expenses like copays and deductibles. These findings were...

Survivorship

Refining Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in Childhood Cancer Survivors

There are an estimated 500,000 childhood cancer survivors in the United States, a number that will increase exponentially in the coming years. Over half of all childhood cancer survivors will have received cardiotoxic therapies during primary cancer treatment or relapse. For these survivors, there...

Survivorship

Improving Prediction of Risk for 10-Year Left-Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a Dutch study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Jan M. Leerink, PhD candidate, of Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam Department of Clinical and Experimental Cardiology, and colleagues found that the addition of ejection fraction measurement at the time of first surveillance echocardiogram...

Global Cancer Care
COVID-19
Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

Celebrating 50 Years of Cancer Progress: The International View

Although the National Cancer Act of 1971 has resulted in tremendous advances in cancer research, which have led to sharp declines in cancer mortality in the United States—from 1991 to 2018, there has been a 31% decrease in overall cancer death rates—and more than 17 million cancer survivors,1 much...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Risk of Second Cancer by Hormone Receptor Status Among Breast Cancer Survivors

A new study has found breast cancer survivors in general have higher risk of new cancer diagnosis compared to healthy individuals. The article, published by Hyuna Sung, PhD, and colleagues in the journal Cancer, stated that compared to the general population in the United States, the risk of new...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Low-Risk Breast Cancer Survivors May Experience Long-Term Physical and Psychological Effects

Survivors of low-risk breast cancer may experience wide-ranging and significant physical and psychological symptoms after cancer treatment, according to a new study presented by Jessica Schumacher, PhD, and colleagues at the American Society of Breast Surgeons (ASBrS) Annual Meeting. Researchers...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Overweight Breast Cancer Survivors May Be at Increased Risk of Developing a Secondary Malignancy

Breast cancer survivors who are overweight have a statistically significant increased risk of developing second primary cancers, according to results from a study conducted by Feigelson et al and published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. “These findings have important public health ...

Cost of Care
Survivorship

Adult Survivors of AYA Cancers May Be More Likely to Experience Medical Financial Hardship

A new study has found higher rates of medical financial hardship among adult survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancers than in adults without a history of cancer in the United States. The research was published by Lu et al in JNCI: The Journal of the National Cancer Institute....

Integrative Oncology
Pain Management
Survivorship

Electroacupuncture and Auricular Acupuncture vs Usual Care for Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Cancer Survivors

In the PEACE study, reported in JAMA Oncology, Jun J. Mao, MD, MSCE, and colleagues found that both electroacupuncture and auricular acupuncture significantly reduced pain severity vs usual care in cancer survivors with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Noninferiority of auricular acupuncture to...

Survivorship
Supportive Care

Inclusion of Surveillance Ejection Fraction in Predicting Risk of 10-Year Left-Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction in Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a Dutch study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Leerink et al found that the addition of ejection fraction measurement at the time of first surveillance echocardiogram improved prediction of 10-year risk of left-ventricular systolic dysfunction vs prediction based on cumulative anthracycline and ...

gynecologic cancers
survivorship
symptom management

Lauren Thomaier, MD, on Predicting Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Gynecologic Cancer Survivors

Lauren Thomaier, MD, of the University of Minnesota, discusses the genetic variants found to be associated with an increase in chemotherapy-induced neuropathy symptoms in a cohort of gynecologic cancer survivors. Combining these variants with clinical characteristics may provide an important treatment tool (ID# 10253).

Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship

Use of Chemotherapy and Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease in Colorectal Cancer Survivors

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Akushevich et al found that receipt of chemotherapy was associated with a reduced risk of Alzheimer’s disease in colorectal cancer survivors. As stated by the investigators, “Evidence on the nature of the relationship between...

CNS Cancers
Survivorship

Weight Gain in Childhood Brain Tumor Survivors and Potential Association With Hypothalamic-Pituitary Dysfunction

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, van Schaik et al found that significant weight gain and being overweight and/or obese are common in childhood brain tumor survivors and may be associated with hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction. Study Details The study involved data...

Lymphoma
Survivorship

Effect of Risk-Adapted Therapy on Long-Term Morbidity in Pediatric Patients With Hodgkin Lymphoma

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kevin C. Oeffinger, MD, and colleagues found that adoption of risk-adapted therapy in the 1990s was associated with reduced risk of serious chronic health conditions in pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma...

Survivorship
COVID-19

Childhood Cancer Survivors and Health-Care Providers Satisfied With Video Visits During the COVID-19 Pandemic

When the COVID-19 pandemic limited in-person medical checkups last year, Dana-Farber/Boston Children’s Cancer and Blood Disorders Center offered video visits for the first time for long-term follow-up appointments for childhood cancer survivors. Due to the pandemic, virtual visits were adopted...

Survivorship

Study Finds Cancer Survivors With Poor Ambulatory Function May Be at an Increased Risk of Death

A study by Salerno et al published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention investigating the association of a cancer diagnosis and poor ambulatory function of survivors and subsequent mortality has found that cancer survivors with poor ambulatory function had a two to three times...

Solid Tumors
Survivorship

Mental Health Service Use Among Testicular Cancer Survivors

In a Canadian population-based cohort study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Raphael et al found that survivors of testicular cancer were more likely to use mental health services in both the short and long term following treatment compared with the general population. Study Details...

Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

When to Start a Conversation With Patients About Subsequent Primary Cancers

Among patients who survive a primary cancer, concern about recurrence, especially metastatic disease, is extremely common; however, information about future risk for subsequent primary cancers is seldom communicated to these patients, leading to missed opportunities to prevent or detect subsequent...

Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

Ongoing Surveillance and Efforts to Reduce Smoking and Obesity Needed to Lower Cancer Survivors’ Risks of New Cancers

The risk of developing or dying of a new primary cancer, particularly those cancers associated with smoking and obesity, was greater among survivors of adult-onset cancers than the expected risk in the general population, according to an analysis of data from more than 1.5 million cancer...

COVID-19
Survivorship

One-Third of Cancer Survivors Reported Worry About Health-Care Disruptions Early in the COVID-19 Pandemic

A new study published by Corinne Leach, MPH, MS, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of Psychosocial Oncology reported that early in the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, one-third of cancer survivors worried about treatment and cancer care disruptions. Using a mixed-methods approach,...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Can Weight Loss During Treatment and Follow-up Affect Breast Cancer Outcomes?

Research published by Martel et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network examined body mass index (BMI) data for patients with HER2-positive early breast cancer—and found a 5% weight loss in patients over 2 years was associated with worse outcomes. Weight gain over the same...

Supportive Care
Survivorship

Telephone-Supported Depression Self-Care Intervention for Cancer Survivors

In a Canadian study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, McCusker et al found that a telephone-supported depression self-care intervention called CanDirect was effective in managing mild-to-moderate depression symptoms in cancer survivors. Study Details The study involved 245 patients who...

Survivorship
Issues in Oncology

New Report Says Cancer and Its Therapies May Impair Survivors' Ability to Work

Although cancer survivors are living longer, cancer and its treatment can result in long-lasting or late-onset impairments that may affect their ability to work, according to a new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine entitled Diagnosing and Treating Adult...

Breast Cancer
Supportive Care
Survivorship

Expert Point of View: Shoshana Rosenberg, ScD, MPH

Shoshana Rosenberg, ScD, MPH, Assistant Professor of Medicine at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, weighed in on the implications of these findings. “The study underscores the importance of addressing psychosocial health in survivorship. it targeted a particularly...

Breast Cancer
Supportive Care
Survivorship

Meditation and Education Interventions May Improve Depressive Symptoms in Young Breast Cancer Survivors

A diagnosis of breast cancer and subsequent treatment may increase the risk of depression, especially among younger women with breast cancer. A new study showed that behavioral interventions—specifically mindfulness meditation and survivorship education classes—may reduce depressive symptoms, as...

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