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Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Physical Activity and All-Cause Mortality Among Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Survivors

In a cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Chen et al found that postmenopausal breast cancer survivors with exercise patterns categorized as active or moderately active had significantly reduced risk for all-cause mortality compared to those with patterns categorized as insufficiently...

Survivorship

High Sugar Consumption May Be Linked to Increased Risk of Premature Aging in Pediatric Cancer Survivors

Survivors of pediatric cancer who consumed more total sugar, added sugar, and sugar-sweetened beverages had more aging-related health conditions than survivors who consumed less sugar, according to a new study presented by Lan et al at the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Special...

Survivorship

Building a New Normal: Symptom Self-Management Intervention May Benefit Cancer Survivors

An easy-to-deploy, automated self-management intervention may prove to be of benefit in supporting competence and symptom management among cancer survivors, according to data presented during the 2022 ASCO Quality Care Symposium.1 Analysis of the randomized controlled trial found that 12 months...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Gradual Increase in Daily Activity With Psychological Therapies May Improve Mental and Physical Health for Patients and Survivors of Breast Cancer

Patients and survivors of breast cancer may have better mental health, physical health, and quality of life when taking part in a “behavioral graded activity” in combination with psychological therapies, according to a new study published by Lahousse et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The new ...

Survivorship

Fracture Risk Among Older Cancer Survivors

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Rees-Punia et al found that the risk of frailty-related bone fractures among older cancer survivors was significantly greater vs that among older adults without a history of cancer. Study Details The longitudinal cohort study used data from 92,431 older adults...

Breast Cancer
Lymphoma
Survivorship

Cost-Effectiveness of COG Breast Cancer Screening Guidelines for Hodgkin Lymphoma Survivors Who Received Chest Irradiation

In a cost-effective analysis reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Wong et al found that only the mammography component of the Children’s Oncology Group (COG) breast cancer screening guidelines for chest-irradiated Hodgkin lymphoma survivors was cost-effective; magnetic resonance imaging...

Leukemia
Survivorship

CNS-Directed Therapy and Neurocognitive Outcomes in Survivors of Childhood ALL Receiving No Cranial Irradiation

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Jacola et al found that survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who received central nervous system (CNS)-directed therapy excluding cranial irradiation had poorer outcomes in numerous neurocognitive...

Head and Neck Cancer
Survivorship

Some Head and Neck Cancer Survivors May Be at Greater Risk for Long-Term Gastrostomy Tube Use

A small subset of patients who have undergone treatment for head and neck cancer may require a gastrostomy tube many years into survivorship, according to a new study published by Galloway et al in the International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, and Physics. The findings were also...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship
Supportive Care

Effect of Smartphone Psychotherapy Apps on Fear of Recurrence Among Young Breast Cancer Survivors

In a Japanese trial (J-SUPPORT 1703) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Akechi et al found that 8-week use of smartphone psychotherapy apps was associated with significant benefits in reducing the fear of recurrence in breast cancer survivors aged 20 to 49 years. Study Details In the...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Have Changes in Cancer Therapy Over Time Affected the Risk of Breast Cancer Among Female Childhood Cancer Survivors?

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in JAMA Oncology, Tara O. Henderson, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that rates of invasive breast cancer have declined over time among female survivors of childhood cancer, with the reduction appearing to be largely associated with...

Survivorship
Cost of Care

Financial Hardship Among Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer After Implementation of the Affordable Care Act

In an analysis from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Nathan et al found that adult survivors of childhood cancer were more likely to report financial hardship than siblings without cancer in the era following implementation of the Affordable Care...

Breast Cancer
Palliative Care
Survivorship

ASCO Launches Webinar Series to Close the Global Divide Between Survivorship and Palliative Care in Breast Cancer

In honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month and World Hospice & Palliative Care Day, ASCO and its partners—the International Association for Hospice & Palliative Care; Tómatelo a Pecho, A.C.; the University of Miami Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center and Institute for Advanced Study of the ...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

C-Reactive Protein Level and Cognitive Function in Breast Cancer Survivors Aged 60 and Older

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Carroll et al, an analysis from the Thinking and Living with Cancer Study has shown higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) at baseline and during follow-up among women with stage 0 to III breast cancer diagnosed at age ≥ 60 years vs controls,...

Prostate Cancer
Survivorship

Health-Related Quality of Life for Survivors of Metastatic Prostate Cancer

Survivors of prostate cancer originally diagnosed with metastatic disease may experience significantly worse health-related quality of life than those diagnosed with early-stage disease and individuals without a cancer history across all domains, according to a new study by Zheng et al published in ...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

New Study Highlights Sexual Problems Among Young Women Who Have Had Cancer

Young women who are cancer survivors may be at a much higher risk of sexual problems, including loss of libido and discomfort, according to research published by Wettergren et al in the journal Acta Oncologica. The study also suggests that cancer type and intensity of treatment may influence the...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Transportation Barriers Among Cancer Survivors: Effect on ER Use and Mortality

New research showed that cancer survivors who delayed care due to a lack of transportation were more likely to use the emergency room (ER), according to the study published by Jiang et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. They also had the highest risks of all-cause and cancer-specific...

Survivorship

Symptom Clusters in Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a report from the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort Study population reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Shin et al identified symptom clusters among adult survivors of childhood cancer and potential associations with health-related quality of life and physical and neurocognitive performance....

Survivorship

Risk Factors for Heart Failure Among Survivors of Childhood Cancer

In a European study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, de Baat et al identified heart exposure to radiotherapy and cumulative anthracycline doses as factors associated with increased risk of heart failure in survivors of childhood cancers. Survivors who received a mean heart radiotherapy ...

breast cancer
survivorship

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, on Oncofertility Care for Young Women With Breast Cancer

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, of the University of Genova and Policlinico San Martino Hospital, talks about why oncofertility counseling should now be considered mandatory in the care of young women with breast cancer. Among the treatments he recommends offering are oocyte/embryo cryopreservation (or ovarian tissue cryopreservation in those not eligible for gamete cryopreservation); ovarian suppression with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist during chemotherapy; and long-term follow-up to improve the management of gynecology-related issues faced by these women.

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Fertility Preservation Procedures at Breast Cancer Diagnosis: Risk of Relapse and Disease-Specific Mortality

In a Swedish nationwide prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Marklund et al found no increased risk of relapse or disease-specific mortality among women undergoing fertility preservation with or without hormonal stimulation at the time of breast cancer diagnosis. Study Details The...

COVID-19
Survivorship

How Did the First Year of the COVID-19 Pandemic Affect Cancer Survivors?

Recent research published by Xuesong Han, PhD, and colleagues in the journal Cancer indicated that during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, the proportion of working-aged U.S. adults without health insurance did not change despite increases in unemployment. The prevalence of unhealthy...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship
Supportive Care

Cancer-Related Fatigue Linked to Balance Problems After Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

For many patients who have received chemotherapy for breast cancer, cancer-related fatigue is a persistent side effect—and one that contributes to ongoing balance problems, suggests a recent paper published by Weschler et al in Rehabilitation Oncology. The new research by Stephen Wechsler, PT, DPT, ...

Survivorship
Solid Tumors

Cardiovascular Mortality and Cancer Mortality Over Time Among Cancer Survivors

In an English retrospective cohort study reported in JACC: Cardio-Oncology, Helen Strongman, PhD, of the Department of Non-Communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and colleagues found that cardiovascular mortality ultimately exceeded mortality from common...

Survivorship

Long-Term Risk of Hospitalization for Infection in Childhood Cancer Survivors

In a population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chehab et al found that survivors of childhood cancer were at significantly increased risk of infections resulting in hospitalization vs comparators without cancer. Study Details The study involved children and adolescents...

Survivorship

18 Million Cancer Survivors in the United States, New Report Shows

A new report led by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS) in collaboration with the National Cancer Institute (NCI) shows more than 18 million Americans (8.3 million males and 9.7 million females) with a history of cancer were living in the United States as of January 1, 2022, with a...

Leukemia
Survivorship

Long-Term Morbidity in AML Survivors Treated With Blood or Bone Marrow Transplantation

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Saro H. Armenian, DO, MPH, and colleagues, findings from the BMT Survivor Study (BMTSS) indicated that survivors of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with blood or marrow transplantation (BMT) are at a markedly increased risk of...

Survivorship

ASCO Relaunches Survivorship Compendium With New Features and Resources

ASCO has made new resources available through its refreshed Survivorship Compendium—an online library of practice tools designed and curated to help oncologists develop high-quality, equitable cancer survivorship care programs and improve existing programs for patients who have completed their...

COVID-19
Colorectal Cancer
Survivorship
Genomics/Genetics

American Cancer Society Investigators Present Studies on COVID-19 Pandemic, Racial/Ethnic Disparities, and Coverage for Genomic Testing

Investigators at the American Cancer Society presented results of several studies during poster sessions at the 2022 ASCO Annual Meeting. Summaries of a few of these studies are provided here. COVID-19 and Cancer Mortality According to a new study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society,...

Survivorship

Study Finds Adult Survivors of Childhood Cancer May Often Be Undertreated for Modifiable Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Adults who survive childhood cancer have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than the general population, yet they are 80% more likely to be undertreated for several cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, and high cholesterol, according to new research published by Eric J. ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Breast Cancer
Survivorship
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma

NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology: 2022 Updates

In 1996, the National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®) published its first set of Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology® covering eight tumor types. Guidelines are now published for more than 60 tumor types, subtypes, and topics. During the NCCN’s 27th Annual Conference, which was again...

Leukemia
Survivorship

AYA Leukemia Survivors Have Higher Mortality Rates Than the General Population

Although considered a rare occurrence in adolescents and young adults (AYAs), aged 15 to 39 years, the incidence of cancer in this age group has been increasing by approximately 30% since the 1970s. This year, it is estimated that nearly 90,000 new cases of cancer will be diagnosed in this...

issues in oncology
survivorship

Maria Alma Rodriguez, MD, on Vaccinations for Patients With Cancer and Cancer Survivors

Maria Alma Rodriguez, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses the need for various types of vaccinations in patients with cancer, who are vulnerable to infection while under active treatment and whose immune deficits may persist long after treatment is finished. Dr. Rodriguez reviews new treatment guidelines and the steps oncology clinicians should take to ensure their patients are protected against infections.

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Short and Shorter Screening Tools for Food Insecurity

A survey of oncology registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs)1 found that most of those surveyed were not using a validated assessment tool to identify food insecurity but expressed interest in obtaining the Six-Item Short Form of the Food Security Survey Module.2  The six-item food insecurity...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Assessing Food Insecurity Among Patients With Cancer

Food insecurity, particularly as it affects cancer survivors, is a serious problem, according to a survey of oncology registered dietitian nutritionists (RDNs) published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.1 “Despite these concerns, most oncology RDNs interviewed are not using...

Survivorship

Do AYA Cancer Survivors Face a Higher Risk of Developing and Dying From a New Primary Cancer?

New findings published by Hyuna Sung, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed that 5-year survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer in the United States have a higher risk of developing—and nearly double the risk of dying from—a new primary cancer,...

Survivorship

From Iran to Silicon Valley, a Cancer Survivor Shares Her Story

The Iranian revolution of 1979 transformed Iran from an absolute monarchy under Shah Mohammad Pahlavi to an Islamist republic under Ayatollah Khomeini. The author of a new book called The Magic of Normal, Maky Zanganeh, PhD, was born in Iran in 1970. As a young woman, she experienced the war in her ...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Multilevel Factors Related to Changes in Body Adiposity in Black Survivors of Breast Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Qin et al found that gains in body weight and body fat were common in a prospective cohort of Black breast cancer survivors. The researchers also identified factors associated with these changes. As stated by the investigators, “Unfavorable...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

Study Identifies Decline in Annual Screening for Breast Cancer Survivors

New research published by Lowry et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found the rate of mammography participation by breast cancer survivors has been steadily declining since 2009, particularly among younger survivors. The researchers reviewed a nationwide commercial...

Survivorship

Transportation Barriers to Health Care Among Cancer Survivors in the United States

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Changchuan Jiang, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that U.S. cancer survivors were more likely to report delays in health care due to transportation barriers than persons without a history of cancer, with the difference driven by barriers...

Survivorship
Genomics/Genetics

Study Identifies Genetic Variants That May Contribute to Accelerated Aging in Childhood Cancer Survivors

Scientists from St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital have identified variants in two genes that may be associated with accelerated aging in childhood cancer survivors. Their research looked at the difference between the survivors’ biologic age and chronologic age. The study, published by Dong et...

Breast Cancer
Survivorship

How Do Lifestyle and Cardiovascular Risk Factors Relate to Heart Failure Subtypes in Postmenopausal Breast Cancer Survivors?

In an analysis from the Women’s Health Initiative reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Kerryn W. Reding, PhD, MPH, RN, and colleagues identified the incidence of hospitalization for heart failure among postmenopausal breast cancer survivors, finding that both incidence of hospitalization and risk of...

Survivorship

Cardiovascular Mortality and Cancer Mortality Over Time Among Cancer Survivors

In an English retrospective cohort study reported in JACC: CardioOncology, Strongman et al found that cardiovascular mortality in older cancer survivors ultimately exceeded mortality from common primary cancers in the time since their primary cancer diagnosis. However, the eventual predominance of...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Study Finds Cancer Treatment May Create Employment Difficulties for Some Rural Women

Rural women are likely to face significant challenges finding secure and reliable employment following cancer treatment if they did not already have a secure job at the time of their diagnosis, according to a new study led by University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (UAMS) researchers. The...

Hematologic Malignancies
Survivorship

Late Mortality and Life Expectancy After Autologous Blood or Marrow Transplant: Analysis From 1981 to 2014

In an analysis from the BMT Survivor Study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Smita Bhatia, MD, MPH, and colleagues assessed late mortality over a 30-year period among patients who underwent autologous blood or marrow transplantation (BMT) for hematologic malignancies. They found an...

Survivorship
Palliative Care

Managing Long-Term Toxicity From Pelvic Radiation Therapy

Advances over the past 3 decades in improvements in cancer prevention and screening strategies and more effective diagnostics and therapies in cancer care have led to unprecedented declines in death rates from all cancers, including prostate, gynecologic, and colorectal/anal cancers. The fastest...

Survivorship

Research Outlines Obstetric and Perinatal Outcomes for Female Survivors of Childhood Cancer

Survivors of childhood cancer who become pregnant in adulthood are as likely to have healthy babies as those without a history of cancer, according to a new study published by Zgardau et al in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Their children also don’t have higher risks of birth defects ...

COVID-19
Survivorship

Risk of COVID-19 Infection and Complications Among Survivors of Childhood, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancers

In a Canadian population-based study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Gupta et al found that survivors of childhood, adolescent, and young adult cancers were not at a greater risk of COVID-19 infection or severe complications of infection compared with matched controls without cancer....

Survivorship

Understanding How LGBTQI+ Cancer Survivors Experience Cancer Care

Members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning, intersexed (LGBTQI+) community face numerous challenges and barriers when accessing the health-care system in the United States, including cancer care; as a result, they may be at greater risk for developing cancer and...

Issues in Oncology
Survivorship

Centralizing Care for Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer to Improve Long-Term Survivorship

This past fall, Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) Cancer Center in New York expanded its adolescent and young adult (AYA) program with the establishment of the Lisa and Scott Stuart Center for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers. The Stuart Center is now part of the increasing list of about 50 academic ...

Thyroid Cancer
Survivorship

Risk of Second Primary Malignancies After Radioactive Iodine Treatment for Pediatric and Young Adult Patients With Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Pasqual et al found that patients younger than 45 years who received radioactive iodine treatment for nonmetastatic differentiated thyroid cancer had an increased risk for the subsequent development of primary solid tumors. As stated by the...

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