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Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Andecaliximab to mFOLFOX6 in First-Line Treatment of HER2-Negative Advanced Gastric Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Manish A. Shah, MD, and colleagues, the phase III GAMMA-1 trial showed no improvement in overall survival with the addition of andecaliximab to modified oxaliplatin, leucovorin, and fluorouracil (mFOLFOX6) in the first-line treatment of...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Bladder Cancer
Skin Cancer
Sarcoma
Hepatobiliary Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews for Immunotherapies in Gastric Cancers, Anal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Priority Review to nivolumab as either adjuvant or first-line therapy in several types of gastric cancers, as well as to a novel PD-1 inhibitor for locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the anal canal. The FDA also...

Supportive Care
Gastroesophageal Cancer

Early Integration of Nutritional and Psychological Interventions for Previously Untreated Patients With Metastatic Esophagogastric Cancer

In a Chinese single-institution phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Lu et al found that early interdisciplinary supportive care with a focus on nutrition and psychological status was associated with improved overall survival vs standard care in previously untreated...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Are Some Oral Pathogens More Common in Patients With Esophageal Cancer?

In a new study published by Kawasaki et al in the journal Cancer, researchers reported that certain oral pathogens are more prevalent in patients with esophageal cancer, and pointed out this information may be used as a novel diagnostic tool. The oral cavity is a rich source of microbial diversity, ...

Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer

Anti–PD-1 Therapy Dostarlimab for dMMR Gastrointestinal Cancers: Safety and Efficacy Examined

Dostarlimab, a monoclonal antibody targeting PD-1, showed strong and durable antitumor activity in patients with mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR) gastrointestinal tumors in the phase I GARNET study, reported Thierry André, MD, of Sorbonne Université and Hôpital Saint Antoine, Paris, and colleagues...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Bemarituzumab Plus Chemotherapy Improves Outcomes in Advanced Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

Gastric cancer has a new target: fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b (FGFR2b). Targeting FGFR2b with bemarituzumab plus chemotherapy led to clinically meaningful and statistically significant improvements in progression-free survival, overall survival, and response rates in the randomized phase II ...

gastroesophageal cancer
immunotherapy

Wasat Mansoor, MBChB, PhD, on Esophageal Cancer: Quality of Life With Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy

Wasat Mansoor, MBChB, PhD, of The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, discusses phase III results from the KEYNOTE-590 trial, which showed no deterioration in health-related quality of life when pembrolizumab was added to chemotherapy in patients with metastatic and unresectable esophageal cancers (Abstract 168).

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Previously Treated Patients With HER2-Positive Gastric Cancers

On January 15, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) for adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic HER2-positive gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who have received a prior trastuzumab-based regimen....

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, on Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma: Bemarituzumab and FOLFOX

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, of UCLA Medical Center, discusses phase II results from the FIGHT study, which combined bemarituzumab with modified FOLFOX6 in first-line treatment of advanced gastric/gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma. This is reportedly the first randomized trial of any FGFR inhibitor, validating this target in gastric cancer (Abstract 160).

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Study Finds Incidence of Young-Onset Esophageal Adenocarcinoma Is Rapidly Increasing

A new study published by Codipilly et al in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention investigated the trends in incidence, stage at presentation, and survival outcomes of young-onset esophageal adenocarcinoma—defined as patients aged 50 and younger at diagnosis—over the past 4 decades....

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Avelumab Maintenance vs Continued Chemotherapy After First-Line Induction for Advanced Gastric Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Markus Moehler, MD, and colleagues, the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 trial showed no improvement in overall survival with avelumab maintenance vs continued chemotherapy after first-line induction in HER2-negative, unresectable, locally advanced or ...

Lung Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in NSCLC, Gastric Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a PD-1 inhibitor for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and also granted Priority Review to a HER2-directed antibody-drug conjugate for patients with...

Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Leukemia
Solid Tumors
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancer, Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma; Fast Track Designations in CLL and Solid Tumors

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for EGFR-mutant lung cancer and advanced renal cell carcinoma; granted Fast Track designation to agents in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors; and more....

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-181 Trial: Second-Line Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced Esophageal Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Takashi Kojima, MD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYNOTE-181 trial has shown that second-line pembrolizumab improved overall survival vs investigator’s choice of chemotherapy in patients with advanced or metastatic esophageal cancer with a PD-L1...

Hematologic Malignancies
Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Designations for Treatments of Rare Blood Cancer, B-Cell Malignancies, and Gastric Cancers

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to an antibody-drug conjugate for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN); gave Fast Track designation to a novel chimeric antigen...

Immunotherapy
Multiple Myeloma
Lymphoma
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Breast Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Review for Agents in Multiple Myeloma, Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to therapies for pretreated patients with multiple myeloma and pediatric patients with ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma; granted Fast Track designation to novel agents in gastric/gastroesophageal junction...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Checkpoint Inhibitors May Improve Survival in Gastroesophageal Cancers

Immune therapy for advanced gastroesophageal cancer has taken a leap forward by showing its value in the first-line setting, according to two studies in which nivolumab and pembrolizumab, both given with chemotherapy, significantly improved overall survival vs chemotherapy alone. The studies,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line PD-1 Inhibitor With or Without Chemotherapy vs Chemotherapy Alone in Advanced Gastric Cancer: KEYNOTE-062

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Kohei Shitara, MD, and colleagues, the phase III KEYNOTE-062 trial showed no significant improvement in overall or progression-free survival with first-line pembrolizumab with or without chemotherapy vs chemotherapy alone in patients with PD-L1–positive advanced...

COVID-19
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Lung Cancer

Modeling Study Aims to Estimate the Effect of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Cancer Deaths in England

In a population-based modeling study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Maringe et al estimated that delays in diagnosis due to the COVID-19 pandemic could result in 3,291 to 3,621 additional deaths from breast, colorectal, esophageal, and lung cancers within 5 years. As stated by the investigators,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab in Previously Treated Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On June 10, 2020, nivolumab was approved for treatment of patients with unresectable, advanced, recurrent, or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after prior fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings from the open-label,...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Margetuximab/Pembrolizumab for Previously Treated Patients With HER2-Positive Advanced Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

In a phase Ib/II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD, and colleagues found that the combination of margetuximab and the anti–PD-1 therapy pembrolizumab showed evidence of activity in patients with previously treated HER2-positive gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma. As...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Study Finds Racial Disparities in Esophageal Cancer Surgical Rates

A new study published by Savitch et al in the Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery found that black patients are less likely to receive surgery for resectable esophageal cancer, which may contribute to higher rates of death. “National guidelines suggest that early-stage esophageal cancer should be...

Colorectal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Lymphoma
Hematologic Malignancies
Kidney Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Fast Track Designations in Colorectal and Pancreatic Cancers, Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma/Waldenström’s Macroglobulinemia

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration has granted Fast Track designation to agents designed to treat colorectal and pancreatic cancers, in addition to lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia; accepted a new drug application for a treatment for relapsed or...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab for Pretreated Patients With Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

On June 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nivolumab (Opdivo) for patients with unresectable advanced, recurrent, or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after prior fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-based chemotherapy. ATTRACTION-3 Efficacy was investigated in...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Outcomes With Minimally Invasive vs Open Esophagectomy in Routine Practice

In a Dutch study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Markar et al found that routine use of minimally invasive vs open esophagectomy for esophageal cancer was associated with increased risk of pulmonary complications and other adverse outcomes, contrary to the findings of the clinical...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab, Trastuzumab, and Chemotherapy in HER2-Positive Metastatic Esophagogastric Cancer

In a single-center phase II trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Janjigian et al found that the addition of pembrolizumab to trastuzumab and chemotherapy showed activity in the first-line treatment of HER2-positive metastatic esophagogastric cancer. Study Details The investigator-initiated trial...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Do Marital Status and Race Affect the Treatment of Esophageal Cancer?

A study using data from the Michigan state cancer registry, reported in JCO Oncology Practice by Paniagua Cruz et al, found that a higher proportion of white vs black patients with esophageal cancer were married; that single patients were less likely to receive esophagectomy and chemotherapy; and...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Trastuzumab Beyond Disease Progression in HER2‑Positive Advanced Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

In the Japanese phase II T-ACT study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Makiyama et al found no benefit of continued trastuzumab combined with paclitaxel after disease progression on first-line trastuzumab plus fluoropyrimidine/platinum chemotherapy in patients with HER2-positive...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Bemarituzumab for FGFR2b-Overexpressing Gastroesophageal Adenocarcinoma

In a phase I trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the first-in-class anti–fibroblast growth factor receptor 2b (FGFR2b) antibody bemarituzumab showed activity in patients with high FGFR2b-overexpressing, advanced-stage...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 Trial Finds No Survival Benefit for Maintenance Avelumab

In the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 trial, a strategy called “switch maintenance” with the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab after 12 weeks of first-line induction chemotherapy did not statistically improve overall survival for treatment-naive patients with HER2-negative advanced gastric or...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD

The analysis by Chao et al “highlights how well patients with MSI-H tumors do, compared to microsatellite-stable patients, and how much better they do in a randomized setting, being exposed to immunotherapy as compared to standard-of-care chemotherapy…The data also show that this is a...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab in MSI-H and CPS ≥ 10 Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer: Subanalysis of KEYNOTE-059, -061, and -062

The survival benefit of pembrolizumab in advanced gastric/gastroesophageal junction cancer with microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) tumors or a combined positive score (CPS) ≥ 10 was established in post hoc subanalysis of three KEYNOTE trials. Findings were presented at the 2020...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Hepatobiliary Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer

Conference Highlights From the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium

This past January, the 2020 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium was held in San Francisco. More than 3,600 individuals attended and more than 900 abstracts and posters were presented. Among the highlights presented at the meeting and reported in the pages of The ASCO Post, several studies in...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Proton Beam Therapy vs Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy for Locally Advanced Esophageal Cancer

In a single-institution phase IIb trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Steven H. Lin, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that proton beam therapy was associated with less toxicity and similar progression-free survival vs intensity-modulated radiation therapy in patients with locally...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD

Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD, of the University of Chicago Medical Center and Biological Sciences, emphasized the value of the patient having microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) status as a biomarker for immunotherapy. The analysis by Chao et al “highlights how well patients with MSI-H tumors do,...

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Survival Benefits Achieved With Pembrolizumab in MSI-H and CPS ≥ 10 Gastric/Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

Post hoc subanalyses of three KEYNOTE trials established the survival benefit of pembrolizumab in advanced gastric/gastroesophageal junction cancer with microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) tumors or a programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) combined positive score (CPS) ≥ 10 (ie, the number of...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD

Daniel V.T. Catenacci, MD, Associate Professor of Medicine and Director of the Gastrointestinal Oncology Program at the University of Chicago, was the JAVELIN Gastric 100 study’s invited discussant. After offering an extensive background on the use of immunotherapy in gastric or gastroesophageal...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

No Survival Benefit for Maintenance Avelumab in Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

In the phase III JAVELIN Gastric 100 trial, a strategy called “switch maintenance” with the immune checkpoint inhibitor avelumab after 12 weeks of first-line induction chemotherapy did not statistically improve overall survival for treatment-naive patients with HER2-negative advanced gastric or...

Lung Cancer
Lymphoma
Bladder Cancer
Head and Neck Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Lung Cancers, Lymphoma

This week, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for non–small cell and small cell lung cancers, as well as for diffuse large-B cell lymphoma (DLBCL); Breakthrough Therapy designation to an antibody-drug conjugate for bladder cancer; and a double Fast...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Expert Point of View: Marcia Cruz-Correa, MD, PhD

Marcia Cruz-Correa, MD, PhD, Professor of Medicine at the University of Puerto Rico and Adjunct Professor of Surgical Oncology at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, congratulated the investigators on the conduct of the PANGEA trial and the outcomes it achieved for patients. “When...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

PANGEA Trial Shows Personalized Antibody Selection May Improve Outcomes in Gastroesophageal Cancer

A personalized approach to selecting antibody therapy for patients with newly diagnosed stage IV gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma resulted in a 1-year overall survival rate of 66% and a median overall survival of 16.4 months in the PANGEA study (see Table 1).1 The study used a novel clinical...

gastroesophageal cancer
gastrointestinal cancer
immunotherapy

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, on PD-L1­–Positive Advanced Gastric Cancer: MSI and Combined Positive Score and Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy

Zev A. Wainberg, MD, of the UCLA Medical Center, discusses the first subset analysis of how a combined positive score in gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancers related to the efficacy of pembrolizumab in PD-L1–positive disease (Abstract 427).

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Treatment of Advanced Esophagogastric Cancer According to ERCC1 Expression

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Iqbal and colleagues, the phase II SWOG S1201 trial showed a progression-free survival benefit with platinum-containing vs nonplatinum treatment among all patients with previously untreated HER2-negative advanced esophagogastric cancer and in a...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Trifluridine/Tipiracil in Recurrent, Metastatic Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma

Early in 2019, trifluridine/tipiracil tablets were approved for the treatment of adult patients with metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma previously treated with at least two prior lines of chemotherapy that included a fluoropyrimidine; a platinum; either a taxane or...

Gastroesophageal Cancer

Nivolumab vs Taxane Therapy in Refractory Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Ken Kato, MD, and colleagues, the phase III ATTRACTION-3 trial conducted in predominantly Asian patients has shown a survival benefit with nivolumab vs paclitaxel or docetaxel in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who were refractory to...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Trifluridine/Tipiracil Survival Benefit for Patients With Metastatic Gastric Cancer Who Had or Had Not Undergone Prior Gastrectomy

In a subgroup analysis of the phase III TAGS trial (TAS-102 Gastric Study) reported in JAMA Oncology, David H. Ilson, MD, PhD, and colleagues found positive trends in survival benefit with trifluridine/tipiracil treatment vs placebo for patients with pretreated metastatic gastric cancer or...

Gastroesophageal Cancer
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab vs Chemotherapy in Previously Treated Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Kato et al, the phase III ATTRACTION-3 trial conducted in predominantly Asian patients has shown a survival benefit with nivolumab vs paclitaxel or docetaxel in patients with advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who were refractory to or intolerant of...

gastroesophageal cancer

Steven H. Lin, MD, PhD, on Esophageal Cancer: Proton Beam vs Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy

Steven H. Lin, MD, PhD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase II findings that showed proton beam therapy improved total toxicity burden score with no difference in progression-free survival when compared with intensity-modulated radiation treatment (Abstract LBA2).

Immunotherapy
Gastroesophageal Cancer

Pembrolizumab in Advanced Esophageal Squamous Cell Cancer With PD-L1 Expression of CPS ≥ 10

On July 30, 2019, pembrolizumab was approved for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus whose tumors express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1; Combined Positive Score [CPS] ≥ 10), as determined by a U.S. Food and Drug...

gastroesophageal cancer

Can Lymph Node Response to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy Predict Prognosis in Esophageal Cancer?

In a study published by Urakawa et al in Annals of Surgery, researchers found that the response of lymph nodes to neoadjuvant chemotherapy is more effective in predicting disease recurrence and patient survival in individuals with esophageal cancer than the response of primary tumors....

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