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Gynecologic Cancers

With the Exception of Cervical Cancer, HPV-Associated Cancers Are on the Rise, Especially in Older Adults

Although the incidence of cervical cancer has decreased 1.03% a year over the past 17 years in the United States, likely due to screening or vaccination, other human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers are increasing in both men and women, according to a study by Cheng-I Liao, MD, currently of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Niraparib Plus Bevacizumab Shows Clinical Benefit in Advanced Ovarian Cancer

The addition of niraparib maintenance to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy with bevacizumab demonstrated clinical benefit in patients with advanced ovarian cancer, according to data from the OVARIO study presented by Melissa M. Hardesty, MD, MPH, during the Society of Gynecologic Oncology...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD

The invited discussant of EMPOWER-Cervical 1 was Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and Chairman of the European Network of Gynaecological Oncology Trials group (ENGOT). Dr. Mirza called the findings “amazing” and predicted they will “usher in a new era” in...

Gynecologic Cancers

5-Year Follow-up of SOLO-1: Sustained Benefit for Maintenance Olaparib in Ovarian Cancer

In the 5-year follow-up of the pivotal SOLO-1 trial in women with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer and a BRCA1/2 mutation, maintenance treatment with olaparib led to a more than doubling in progression-free survival, according to a presentation at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO)...

Gynecologic Cancers

IMagyn050 Trial: Addition of Atezolizumab to Bevacizumab and Chemotherapy for Newly Diagnosed Stage III or IV Ovarian Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Kathleen N. Moore, MD, and colleagues,1 the phase III IMagyn050/GOG 3015/ENGOT-OV39 trial has shown that the addition of atezolizumab to bevacizumab and chemotherapy did not significantly improve progression-free survival in patients with newly...

Gynecologic Cancers

Overall Survival With Olaparib vs Placebo Maintenance in Patients With Platinum-Sensitive Relapsed Ovarian Cancer and BRCA1/2 Mutation

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Andrés Poveda, MD, and colleagues, the phase III SOLO2/ENGOT-Ov21 trial has shown a large numeric but statistically nonsignificant improvement in the secondary endpoint of overall survival with olaparib tablet maintenance therapy vs placebo in patients with...

Gynecologic Cancers

Phase III ARIEL4 Trial Evaluates Rucaparib’s Benefit in BRCA-Mutated Relapsed Ovarian Cancer

In patients with BRCA-mutated, advanced, relapsed ovarian cancer, treatment with the PARP (poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase) inhibitor rucaparib led to a significant improvement in progression-free survival compared with standard-of-care chemotherapy, according to the results of the international phase ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Fuzuloparib Maintenance Therapy Improves Progression-Free Survival in Patients With Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

A new poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor could soon be joining an already crowded treatment landscape in ovarian cancer, according to data presented at the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Annual Meeting on Women’s Cancer, which was held virtually.1 Results of the phase III...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy With Cemiplimab-rwlc Yields Survival Benefit in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The PD-L1 inhibitor cemiplimab-rwlc has become the first immunotherapy to yield a statistically significant and clinically meaningful survival benefit in recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer progressing after first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients were enrolled irrespective of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Kunle Odunsi, MD, PhD, and Lilian T. Gien, MD, MSc

Comments on the OUTBACK trial were provided by invited discussant Kunle Odunsi, MD, PhD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dean for Oncology, and Director of the University of Chicago Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center. Lilian T. Gien, MD, MSc, Associate Professor of Oncology at the...

Gynecologic Cancers

OUTBACK: No Benefit for Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

In women with locally advanced cervical cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy adds no benefit to standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation, results of the international phase III OUTBACK study have shown,1 as reported at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Linda R. Mileshkin, MD, Professor of Medical Oncology at ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Gynecologic Cancers 2020–2021 Almanac

The past year has been a remarkable and noteworthy time with much exciting progress made in gynecologic cancers, despite the underlying presence of the COVID-19 pandemic. Several key studies were presented in 2020–2021 that detailed the results of novel therapies for our patients with cervical,...

Gynecologic Cancers

Adavosertib Effective in PARP-Resistant Ovarian Cancer

The Wee1 inhibitor adavosertib, given alone or in combination with olaparib, was effective in patients with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP)-resistant ovarian cancer in the phase II EFFORT trial presented by Shannon Neville Westin, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.1...

Gynecologic Cancers

OUTBACK: No Benefit for Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Cervical Cancer

In women with locally advanced cervical cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy adds no benefit to standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation, results of the international phase III OUTBACK study have shown,1 as reported at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Linda R. Mileshkin, MD, Professor of Medical Oncology at ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Nivolumab vs Gemcitabine or Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin: What Regimen Improves Survival in Platinum-Resistant Ovarian Cancer?

In a Japanese phase III trial (NINJA) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hamanishi et al found that nivolumab did not improve overall survival vs chemotherapy with either gemcitabine or pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in platinum-resistant epithelial ovarian cancer. Study Details In the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

Prevalence of Germline BRCA Mutations in Indian Women With Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is one of the most common gynecologic cancers, with 313,959 new cases and 207,252 deaths reported worldwide in 2020.1 Since there is no effective screening method, ovarian cancer in general is diagnosed in its late stage. The 5-year survival rate in women with ovarian cancer is less...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics

High Prevalence of Germline BRCA Mutations in Indian Women With Ovarian Cancer

In a prospective cross-sectional study reported in JCO Global Oncology, Sudeep Gupta, MBBS, MD, DM, of Tata Memorial Centre, and colleagues found that Indian women with ovarian cancer not selected for study based on clinical factors had a high prevalence of germline pathogenic or likely pathogenic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Study Finds Low-Poverty U.S. Counties May Eliminate Cervical Cancer 14 Years Earlier Than High-Poverty Counties

About 14,500 new cases of invasive cervical cancer are diagnosed each year in the United States and nearly 4,300 women die from the disease. Studies show that those living in higher-poverty areas experience higher rates of morbidity and mortality from many preventable cancers, including cervical...

Gynecologic Cancers

Inguinofemoral Radiotherapy vs Inguinofemoral Lymphadenectomy for Patients With Vulvar Cancer and Sentinel Node Metastasis

In the phase II GROINSS-V II study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Oonk et al found that inguinofemoral radiotherapy is a safe alternative to inguinofemoral lymphadenectomy in women with early-stage vulvar cancer and sentinel node micrometastasis but was associated with a higher...

Hematologic Malignancies
Head and Neck Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy
Symptom Management

FDA Pipeline: Reviews for Agents in Acute Graft-vs-Host Disease, Nasopharyngeal and Ovarian Cancers

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to an agent for the prevention of acute graft-vs-host disease; Breakthrough Therapy designation to an anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of metastatic nasopharyngeal carcinoma; and Fast Track designation to a ...

Issues in Oncology
Hematologic Malignancies
Gynecologic Cancers

Analyses Examine Relationship Between Treatment With PARP Inhibitors and Risk of Secondary Malignancies

Although poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors interfere with DNA repair processes, leading to warnings in terms of risk for developing second primary malignancies, findings from a systematic review and safety meta-analysis of placebo-controlled randomized studies are reassuring for...

Leukemia
Skin Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers
Kidney Cancer
Lung Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Reviews for Agents in Lung Cancer, Thyroid Cancer, Kidney Cancer, and More

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted applications for agents aiming to treat non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), differentiated thyroid cancer, renal cell carcinoma (RCC), hypersensitive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), mucosal melanoma, and endometrial carcinoma....

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Addition of Avelumab to Chemotherapy in Previously Untreated Patients With Advanced Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: JAVELIN Ovarian 100 Trial

As reported by Bradley J. Monk, MD, and colleagues in The Lancet Oncology, the phase III JAVELIN Ovarian 100 trial showed no progression-free survival benefit with the addition of concurrent and/or maintenance avelumab to chemotherapy in previously untreated patients with advanced epithelial...

Gynecologic Cancers

ASCO Publishes Resource-Stratified Guideline on Assessment and Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer carries a heavy morbidity and mortality burden, particularly in settings and regions of the globe that feature significant limitations in health-care resources. Given that ovarian cancer is more lethal than breast cancer, clinicians in resource-limited areas require guidance on the...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Dostarlimab-gxly for Mismatch Repair–Deficient Recurrent or Advanced Endometrial Cancer

On April 22, 2021, the PD-1 inhibitor dostarlimab-gxly was granted accelerated approval for treatment of adults with mismatch repair–deficient recurrent or advanced endometrial cancer, as determined by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved test, that has progressed on or following a...

Gynecologic Cancers

Early-Phase Trial Finds Mirvetuximab Soravtansine Plus Bevacizumab Active in Recurrent Ovarian Cancer

In patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, the antibody-drug conjugate mirvetuximab soravtansine, given with bevacizumab, showed antitumor activity leading to durable responses in platinum-agnostic patients with strong expression of folate receptor alpha (FRα), researchers reported at the 2021 ASCO ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Addition of Adavosertib to Gemcitabine Improves Outcomes in High-Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in The Lancet, Stephanie Lheureux, MD, of Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, and colleagues, found that the addition of the oral Wee1 inhibitor adavosertib to gemcitabine significantly improved progression-free and overall survival in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Carol Aghajanian, MD

“The phase III ENGOT/GCIG study1 proved to be negative, with no advantage seen with the extension of bevacizumab treatment,” said the abstract’s invited discussant, Carol Aghajanian, MD, Chief of the Medical Gynecologic Oncology Service at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York. Dr....

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Bevacizumab in Advanced Ovarian Cancer: Phase III Trial Finds More Is Not Better

In advanced ovarian cancer, the duration of maintenance bevacizumab should remain 15 months, according to the European multicenter phase III ENGOT/GCIG trial. These results were presented during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Jacobus Pfisterer, MD, PhD, of the AGO Study Group and Gynecologic...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Pembrolizumab/Lenvatinib Granted Regular Approval for Advanced Endometrial Carcinoma

On July 21, 2021, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda) in combination with lenvatinib (Lenvima) for patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is not microsatellite instability–high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair–deficient (dMMR). These patients must have ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Issues in Oncology

Transvaginal Ultrasound Screening Misses More Cases of Endometrial Cancer in Black Women vs White Women

A screening tool used to evaluate the need for endometrial cancer biopsies in women frequently misses the signs of this cancer in Black women, according to a new study published by Kemi M. Doll, MD, and colleagues in JAMA Oncology. Dr. Doll, a gynecologic oncologist at the University of Washington...

Gynecologic Cancers
Global Cancer Care

New Recommendations From WHO and HRP for the Screening and Treatment of Cervical Cancer

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Human Reproduction Programme (HRP)—the main instrument within the United Nations system for research in human reproduction—have launched a new guideline to help countries make faster progress, more equitably, in the screening and treatment of cervical...

Gynecologic Cancers

Predicting Chemotherapy Resistance in Patients With Gestational Trophoblastic Neoplasia

In a retrospective cohort study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Braga et al identified metastatic disease, choriocarcinoma histology, and higher pretreatment human chorionic gonadotropin concentration as independent predictors of resistance to single-agent chemotherapy in women with low-risk...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers

Association Between Increased BMI and Endometrial Cancer Risk in Asian Women With Postmenopausal Bleeding

The link between obesity and the risk of endometrial cancer has been well documented. A recent study, however, showed that an even lower body mass index (BMI) than previously thought may be associated with an increased risk in Asian women with postmenopausal bleeding. The findings by Liu et al were ...

Breast Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

Study Examines Impact of COVID-19 on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Programs

The total number of cancer screening tests received by women through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s (CDC) National Breast and Cervical Cancer Early Detection Program (Early Detection Program) declined by 87% for breast cancer and 84% for cervical cancer during April 2020 as...

Issues in Oncology
Gynecologic Cancers

Survey Finds Bullying, Sexual Harassment Not Uncommon for Women in Gynecologic Oncology

Female gynecologic oncologists have reported in a survey that having a department chair of the same gender is no buffer against gender harassment or discrimination in the workplace. The information comes from a survey of the “Women of Gynecologic Oncology” Facebook group and was reported in March...

Gynecologic Cancers

OUTBACK: No Benefit for Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Cervical Cancer

In women with locally advanced cervical cancer, adjuvant chemotherapy adds no benefit to standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation, results of the international phase III OUTBACK study have shown,1 as reported at the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting by Linda R. Mileshkin, MD, Professor of Medical Oncology at ...

Multiple Myeloma
Hematologic Malignancies
Gynecologic Cancers
Prostate Cancer

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in Multiple Myeloma, Cervical Cancer, Neutropenia, and Myelofibrosis

Over the past month, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted Priority Review to therapies for multiple myeloma, cervical cancer, chemotherapy-induced neutropenia, and myelofibrosis. The FDA also granted a number of Breakthrough Therapy designations, including those for treatments in ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Avelumab With or Without Pegylated Liposomal Doxorubicin in Platinum-Resistant/Refractory Ovarian Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Eric Pujade-Lauraine, MD, and colleagues, the phase III JAVELIN Ovarian 200 trial showed no significant improvement in progression-free or overall survival with avelumab alone or in combination with pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) vs PLD alone in patients ...

Gynecologic Cancers
Genomics/Genetics
Global Cancer Care

Prevalence of Germline BRCA Mutations in Women With Ovarian Cancer in India

In a prospective cross-sectional study reported in JCO Global Oncology, Gupta et al found that women with ovarian cancer in India had a high prevalence of pathogenic or likely pathogenic BRCA variants. As stated by the investigators: “There are deficient data on prevalence of germline mutations in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Cost of Care

Nearly Half of Surveyed Patients With Gynecologic Cancer Report Experiencing Financial Toxicity

In a new study designed to provide a more comprehensive picture of how a diverse cohort of patients with gynecologic cancer are affected by financial distress, nearly half reported financial toxicity, which was associated with economic cost-coping strategies. These findings were reported by Esselen ...

Gynecologic Cancers

Computational Tool Suggests Optimal Treatment for Patients With High-Grade Ovarian Cancer

A mathematical tool may help to examine how doctors may coordinate available treatments for high-grade serous ovarian cancer. Published by Gu et al in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the new analysis showed that patients who can have complete debulking surgery first, with...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD

The invited discussant of EMPOWER-Cervical 1 was Mansoor Raza Mirza, MD, Chief Oncologist at Copenhagen University Hospital and Chairman of the European Network of Gynaecological Oncology Trials group (ENGOT). Dr. Mirza called the findings “amazing” and predicted they will “usher in a new era” in...

Gynecologic Cancers
Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy With Cemiplimab-rwlc Yields Survival Benefit in Advanced Cervical Cancer

The PD-L1 inhibitor cemiplimab-rwlc has become the first immunotherapy to yield a statistically significant and clinically meaningful survival benefit in recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer progressing after first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients were enrolled irrespective of...

Gynecologic Cancers

Expert Point of View: Thomas Herzog, MD

Discussant of the abstract on this novel algorithm, Thomas Herzog, MD, Deputy Director of the University of Cincinnati Cancer Institute and Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at the UC College of Medicine, called the use of risk-based factors in complex ovarian cancer surgery to successfully...

Gynecologic Cancers

Could Risk-Based Triage System Alter Surgical Practice in Ovarian Cancer?

A simple, risk-assessment algorithm may change practice when it comes to selecting patients with advanced ovarian who can tolerate complex primary debulking surgery, according to data presented during the virtual edition of the Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO) 2021 Annual Meeting on Women’s...

Gynecologic Cancers

Tisotumab Vedotin in Recurrent or Metastatic Cervical Cancer

In a phase II study (innovaTV 204/GOG-3023/ENGOT-cx6) reported in The Lancet Oncology, Robert L. Coleman, MD, and colleagues found that the antibody-drug conjugate tisotumab vedotin produced durable responses in previously treated patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. In the...

Gynecologic Cancers

OUTBACK Trial: No Survival Benefit With Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Standard Chemoradiation for Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women worldwide, and the leading cause of cancer-related death among women in Eastern, Western, Middle, and Southern Africa. Globally, in 2018, approximately 570,000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer, and 311,000 women died. In the United...

Gynecologic Cancers
Pancreatic Cancer

Electronic Olfaction System Under Study as Screening Tool for Pancreatic and Ovarian Cancers

An odor-based test that detects vapors emanating from blood samples was able to distinguish between benign and pancreatic and ovarian cancer cells with up to 95% accuracy, according to a new study presented by Johnson et al during the 2021 ASCO Annual Meeting (Abstract 5544). The findings suggest...

gynecologic cancers

Linda R. Mileshkin, MBBS, MD, on Cervical Cancer: Adjuvant Chemotherapy After Chemoradiation

Linda R. Mileshkin, MBBS, MD, of the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, discusses phase III findings from the OUTBACK trial, which showed that adjuvant chemotherapy given after standard cisplatin-based chemoradiation for women with locally advanced cervical cancer did not improve either overall or progression-free survival (Abstract LBA3).

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