Advertisement

Advertisement

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Jonathan Chen, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Predicting Response to Immunotherapy

Jonathan Chen, MD, PhD, of Massachusetts General Hospital, discusses “immunity hubs” that interact with a reservoir of stem-like CD8 T cells and appear to be associated with subsequent response to anti–PD-1 blockade in patients with non–small cell lung cancer. Hybrid hubs, Dr. Chen says, are a favorable class of immunity hub notable for CD8-positive and TCF7-positive cells, as well as CCL19 expression (Abstract 956).

Lung Cancer

Longer-Term Follow-up From ADAURA Supports Adjuvant Osimertinib as Standard of Care for EGFR-Mutated Stage IB to IIIA NSCLC

With longer-term follow-up, adjuvant treatment with osimertinib led to a 77% reduction in the risk of disease recurrence or death following complete resection vs placebo-treated patients with EGFR-mutated, stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Disease-free survival was improved...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

POSEIDON Trial: First-Line Durvalumab With or Without Tremelimumab Plus Chemotherapy in Metastatic NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Melissa L. Johnson, MD, and colleagues, the pivotal phase III POSEIDON trial has shown significantly improved progression-free and overall survival with the addition of tremelimumab and durvalumab to platinum-based chemotherapy in the first-line...

Lung Cancer

Cemiplimab-rwlc in Combination With Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC With No EGFR, ALK, or ROS1 Aberrations

On November 8, 2022, cemiplimab-rwlc was approved for use in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy for first-line treatment of patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR, ALK, or ROS1aberrations.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was supported by findings in the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Wade T. Iams, MD, on NSCLC: Combining an Antigen-Presenting Cell Activator With Pembrolizumab

Wade T. Iams, MD, of Vanderbilt University Medical Center, discusses phase II efficacy results from the first-line non–small cell lung cancer cohort of the TACTI-002 study. The results suggest that when combined with pembrolizumab, eftilagimod alpha yielded encouraging efficacy across all PD-L1 levels, including patients with PD-L1 low and PD-L1 negative disease (Abstract 1470).

Lung Cancer

Selpercatinib Approved for Advanced RET Fusion–Positive Solid Tumors and Advanced RET Fusion–Positive NSCLC

On September 21, 2022, selpercatinib was granted accelerated approval for adults with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors with RET gene fusion whose disease has progressed on or following prior systemic treatment or who have no satisfactory alternative treatment options.1 On the same day,...

Lung Cancer

2022 State of Lung Cancer Report: Critically Low Lung Cancer Screening Rates Reveal Opportunity to Save More Lives

The 2022 State of Lung Cancer report by the American Lung Association revealed that only 5.8% of eligible Americans had been screened for lung cancer in 2021, and some states had screening rates as low as 1%. The 5th annual report highlighted how the toll of lung cancer varied by state and examined ...

immunotherapy
lung cancer

Talal El Zarif, MD, and Abdul Rafeh Naqash, MD: For Patients Living With HIV and Cancer, New Data on Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Talal El Zarif, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Abdul Rafeh Naqash, MD, of Stephenson Cancer Center at The University of Oklahoma, discuss the results of their cohort study of patients living with HIV and metastatic non–small cell lung cancer, who are often underrepresented in clinical trials, and the safety and efficacy of treating this unique population with immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs). The data showed that patients living with HIV and lung cancer had similar toxicity profiles and clinical outcomes as did those who did not have HIV and received ICIs (Abstract 437).

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

First-Line Pembrolizumab vs Chemotherapy in Advanced PD-L1–Positive NSCLC Without EGFR/ALK Alterations

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Gilberto de Castro, Jr, MD, PhD, and colleagues, 5-year follow-up of the KEYNOTE-042 trial showed a maintained overall survival benefit with first-line pembrolizumab vs chemotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a PD-L1...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors for Patients Living With HIV: Safe and Effective in Metastatic NSCLC

Immune checkpoint inhibitors are safe and effective for people living with HIV who have metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to data presented by El Zarif et al at the Society for Immunotherapy of Cancer (SITC) 2022 Annual Meeting (Abstract 437). Findings from the first matched...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Tremelimumab in Combination With Durvalumab and Platinum-Based Chemotherapy for Metastatic NSCLC

On November 10, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved tremelimumab (Imjudo) in combination with durvalumab (Imfinzi) and platinum-based chemotherapy for adult patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR mutations or ALK genomic tumor aberrations. ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

POSEIDON Follow-up Suggests Chemoimmunotherapy Triplet Extends Survival in Difficult-to-Treat NSCLC Mutational Subtypes

After 4 years, a limited course of five cycles of tremelimumab added to durvalumab plus chemotherapy extended overall survival in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with chemotherapy alone, according to an updated exploratory analysis of the phase III POSEIDON...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD

Abstract discussant Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD, Professor in Thoracic Radiology at Royal Brompton and Harefield Hospitals, and Professor of Thoracic Radiology at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, highlighted the increased risk of second primary tumors among current...

Lung Cancer

I’ve Had Two Primary Lung Cancers, and They Haven’t Defeated Me

I don’t know why I am so susceptible to developing lung cancer. Since 2014, I have been diagnosed with both non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and small cell lung cancer, each occurring in my right lung. I have also been diagnosed with precancerous colon polyps, which necessitated invasive surgery. ...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Expert Point of View: Natasha Leighl, MD

“CodeBreaK 200 clearly establishes sotorasib as the new standard of care, replacing docetaxel as second- or third-line therapy for advanced KRAS G12C–mutated lung cancer,” stated invited discussant Natasha Leighl, MD, of the Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto. “Sotorasib improved...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Sotorasib: A New Standard of Care for Second- or Third-Line Treatment of KRAS G12C–Mutated NSCLC?

The KRAS G12C inhibitor sotorasib doubled the rate of progression-free survival at 12 months and reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 34% compared with standard second-line docetaxel for patients with previously treated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and KRAS G12C mutations....

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Cemiplimab-rwlc in Combination With Platinum-Based Chemotherapy for NSCLC

On November 8, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the PD-1 inhibitor cemiplimab-rwlc (Libtayo) in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy for adult patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with no EGFR, ALK, or ROS1 aberrations. Study 16113 Efficacy was...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Repotrectinib for ROS1-Positive NSCLC Examined in Phase I/II TRIDENT-1 Trial

Early trials of the targeted oral drug repotrectinib discovered that it may help treat patients with a certain type of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a new study published by Cho et al in the European Journal of Cancer. The results of the TRIDENT-1 trial—presented at the 34th...

Lung Cancer

Preliminary Results From ARROS-1 Phase I Clinical Trial Suggest That NVL-520 May Be Well Tolerated and Active in NSCLC

Preliminary data from a phase I clinical trial of the ROS1 inhibitor NVL-520 to treat patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other solid tumors suggested that it may have the potential to both halt tumor growth by inhibiting a cancer-causing gene change and reach cancer cells within...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Mosaic Chromosomal Alterations and Risk of Lung Cancer

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Qin et al found that the presence of mosaic chromosomal alterations detected in blood-derived DNA was associated with an increased risk of lung cancer among persons of Chinese and European heritage. Study Details The study involved two cohorts:...

Lung Cancer

Telisotuzumab Vedotin Plus Erlotinib in c-Met Protein–Expressing NSCLC

In a phase Ib trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, D. Ross Camidge, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that the combination of telisotuzumab vedotin and erlotinib showed activity in c-Met protein–expressing advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), including those with an EGFR mutation ...

Lung Cancer

POSEIDON Follow-up Suggests Chemoimmunotherapy Triplet Extends Survival in Difficult-to-Treat NSCLC Mutational Subtypes

After 4 years, a limited course of five cycles of tremelimumab added to durvalumab plus chemotherapy extended overall survival in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) compared with chemotherapy alone, according to an updated exploratory analysis of the phase III POSEIDON...

Lung Cancer

IPSOS Trial: Platinum-Ineligible Patients With NSCLC May Gain Survival Benefit From Atezolizumab Therapy

In platinum-ineligible patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), first-line treatment with the PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab improved overall survival by an absolute value of about 1 month but almost doubled the rate of 2-year overall survival compared with chemotherapy...

Lung Cancer

Sotorasib: A New Standard of Care for Second- or Third-Line Treatment of KRAS G12C–Mutated NSCLC?

The KRAS G12C inhibitor sotorasib doubled the rate of progression-free survival at 12 months and reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 34% compared with standard second-line docetaxel for patients with previously treated non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and KRAS G12C mutations....

Lung Cancer

Longer-Term Follow-up From ADAURA Supports Adjuvant Osimertinib as Standard of Care for EGFR-Mutated Stage IB to IIIA NSCLC

With longer-term follow-up, adjuvant treatment with osimertinib led to a 77% reduction in the risk of disease recurrence or death following complete resection vs placebo-treated patients with EGFR-mutated, stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Disease-free survival was improved...

Lung Cancer

Andrea McKee, MD, and Brady McKee, MD, Honored With the James L. Mulshine, MD, National Leadership Award for Ensuring Equitable Access to High-Quality Lung Cancer Screenings

Andrea McKee, MD, and the late Brady McKee, MD, will be honored with the James L. Mulshine, MD, National Leadership Award on Thursday, November 3, at the Prevent Cancer Foundation’s 19th annual Quantitative Imaging Workshop. The annual Mulshine Award is given to an individual or individuals who has ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Toripalimab Plus Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC: CHOICE-01

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Wang et al, a Chinese phase III trial (CHOICE-01) has shown prolonged progression-free survival with the addition of the anti–PD-1 monoclonal antibody toripalimab to platinum-based chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced...

Lung Cancer

Minority Patients Face Longer Waits for Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Treatment

A new study has revealed significant racial disparities in how quickly minority patients with non–small cell lung cancer receive radiation therapy compared with their White counterparts, according to findings published by Rekulapelli et al in Health Equity. Researchers reviewed data from more than...

Lung Cancer

IPSOS Trial: Platinum-Ineligible Patients With NSCLC May Gain Survival Benefit From Atezolizumab Therapy

In platinum-ineligible patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), first-line treatment with the PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor atezolizumab improved overall survival by an absolute value of about 1 month but almost doubled the rate of 2-year overall survival compared with chemotherapy...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Nivolumab/Ipilimumab vs Chemotherapy in Metastatic NSCLC Without EGFR or ALK Alterations: 5-Year Survival

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Julie R. Brahmer, MD, MSc, FASCO, and colleagues, a 5-year analysis of the phase III CheckMate 227 trial showed improvement in overall survival with first-line nivolumab/ipilimumab vs platinum-doublet chemotherapy, at ≥ 3 years after cessation of...

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer

Eligibility for Lung Cancer Screening Among Women With a Smoking History Undergoing Breast Cancer Screening

In a single-center retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Titan et al identified the proportion of women with a history of smoking undergoing breast cancer screening with mammography who were eligible for low-dose computed tomography (CT) lung cancer screening, as well as the...

lung cancer

Qinjin Fan, PhD, on Equitable Lung Cancer Care and Mortgage Discrimination

Qinjin Fan, PhD, of the American Cancer Society, explores the question of how mortgage discrimination is linked to lower rates of guideline-concordant care for patients with non–small cell lung cancer. This study highlights the critical need to understand the pathways through which mortgage denials may negatively affect the receipt of equitable care (Abstract 3).

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Mary O’Brien, MD

Formal discussant of the ­KEYNOTE-189 and KEYNOTE-407 trials, Mary O’Brien, MD, Head of the Lung Unit, Royal Marsden Hospital, NHS Foundation Trust, London, found that both studies showed consistent gains in overall and progression-free survival with pembrolizumab/chemotherapy, but she expressed...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

5-Year Follow-up Supports Survival Benefit of Pembrolizumab Plus Chemotherapy in Squamous and Nonsquamous NSCLC

Pembrolizumab (anti–PD-1 therapy) plus chemotherapy continued to demonstrate a survival benefit and durable responses as first-line treatment of metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the results of two phase III trials.1,2 Five-year overall survival was improved in both...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Suzette Delaloge, MD, MSc

Formal discussant of this study, Suzette Delaloge, MD, MSc, of Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France, stated: “This is a big step forward and an amazing set of new knowledge. This presentation is a meaningful demonstration of the role of PM2.5 [particulate matter 2.5 µm in diameter] air pollutants in...

Lung Cancer

Mechanism Linking Air Pollution to Lung Cancer Identified

Although air pollution is associated with lung cancer, not much has been known about how one leads to the other. For the first time, researchers have identified a mechanism by which particulate matter in the air triggers non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in people who have never smoked. Moreover,...

Lung Cancer

Sublobar Resection for Small, Early-Stage NSCLC: Establishing a New Standard of Care?

After a nearly 20-year wait, the results are finally in: sublobar surgery has been found to be noninferior to lobectomy and may be the new standard of care of patients with small, early-stage non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Results of the phase III Alliance trial, presented at the International ...

Lung Cancer

Chemotherapy for Children With Type II or III Pleuropulmonary Blastoma

In an analysis from the International PPB/DICER1 Registry reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Schultz et al found that chemotherapy with IVADo (ifosfamide, vincristine, actinomycin-D, and doxorubicin) appeared to be associated with similar or improved outcomes vs historical controls among ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of PD-1 Inhibitor Serplulimab to Chemotherapy in the First-Line Treatment of Extensive-Stage SCLC

As reported in JAMA by Cheng et al, an interim analysis of the phase III ASTRUM-005 trial has shown that the addition of the PD-1 inhibitor serplulimab to chemotherapy improved overall survival in the first-line treatment of patients with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Study ...

Lung Cancer

Is Mortgage Discrimination Adversely Associated With Receipt of Guideline-Concordant NSCLC Care?

Findings reported by researchers from the American Cancer Society (ACS) and Johns Hopkins University showed that area-level mortgage discrimination may be adversely associated with receipt of guideline-concordant care among patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the United States,...

Lung Cancer

Real-World Experience With Durvalumab at the Mayo Clinic Mirrors PACIFIC Trial Findings

Concurrent chemoradiation therapy followed by durvalumab has become the standard of care in patients with unresectable, locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), based on the PACIFIC trial.1 However, clinical trials have predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and they evaluate...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Real-World Evidence Confirms Survival Benefit of Durvalumab in Locally Advanced Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

In locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), immunotherapy consolidation with the PD-L1 inhibitor durvalumab improved overall survival in the PACIFIC trial,1 thus leading to its use after chemoradiotherapy as a standard of care. Real-world evidence of durvalumab’s effect on overall and...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Jacek Jassem, MD

Abstract discussant Jacek Jassem, MD, of the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland, underscored smoking as the most important cause of lung cancer, noting that between 85% and 90% of patients with lung cancer are current or former smokers. “Lung cancer screening, which has recently become standard...

Lung Cancer

Study Finds High-Intensity Intervention Helped One-Third of Participants in Lung Cancer Screening Program to Quit Smoking

Despite significant advancements in cancer therapy, the number-one stopper of lung cancer remains the most basic intervention: quitting smoking. Unfortunately, for long-term smokers, that intervention can sometimes be the most challenging. According to data presented during the International...

Lung Cancer

IMpower010: Early Survival Data Favor Atezolizumab Over Best Supportive Care in Resected NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 50%

Early results from the IMpower010 trial showed an overall survival trend favoring adjuvant atezolizumab vs best supportive care for patients with PD-L1–positive (tumor expression ≥ 1%), stage II–IIIA (UICC/AJCC staging system, 7th ed), resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These data were...

Lung Cancer

Highlights From the IASLC 2022 World Conference on Lung Cancer

Over the past few years, we have seen rapid and dramatic transformation in the therapeutic landscape of non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We have had multiple new targeted therapies for newer targets (previously undruggable targets) and better diagnostic strategies to workup patients to realize...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD

Abstract discussant Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD, Professor in Thoracic Radiology at Royal Brompton and Harefield Hospitals, and Professor of Thoracic Radiology at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, highlighted the increased risk of second primary tumors among current...

Lung Cancer

National Lung Screening Trial Results Highlight Importance of Lifelong Follow-up

Approximately 6% of patients with stage I to III lung cancer develop second primary lung cancer within 5 years of their initial diagnosis, according to research presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2022 World Conference on Lung Cancer.1 Analysis of data...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD

Abstract discussant Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD, a thoracic radiologist at Royal Brompton and Harefield hospitals, and Professor of Thoracic Radiology at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, noted that both the Nederlands-Leuvens Longkanker Screenings Onderzoek (NELSON) trial...

Lung Cancer

NELSON vs NLST: Nodule Management Based on Volumetry Shows Increased Benefits

Lung cancer screening has been shown to significantly reduce lung cancer mortality, but some management protocols have more benefit than others, according to data presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2022 World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC).1 Although the...

Advertisement

Advertisement

Advertisement