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Lung Cancer

State of Lung Cancer Report Finds People of Color Face Greater Burden, Worse Lung Cancer Outcomes in the United States

People of color diagnosed with lung cancer face worse outcomes compared to White Americans, according to the American Lung Association’s third annual State of Lung Cancer report. The 2020 State of Lung Cancer report tracks the toll of lung cancer by state, and for the first time, this year’s report ...

Lung Cancer

Study Finds the Lung Microbiome May Affect Tumor Progression and Prognosis in Patients With Lung Cancer

A new study by Tsay et al sheds light on the role the lung microbiome may play in lung cancer pathogenesis and prognosis. According to the study’s findings, enrichment of the lungs with oral commensal microbes was associated with advanced-stage disease, worse prognosis, and tumor progression....

Lung Cancer

Adjuvant Irinotecan/Cisplatin vs Etoposide/Cisplatin for Resected High-Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Lung

In a Japanese phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kenmotsu et al found that adjuvant irinotecan/cisplatin did not improve relapse-free survival vs etoposide/cisplatin in patients with completely resected, pathologic stage I–IIIA, high-grade neuroendocrine carcinoma of the...

lung cancer

Mary Pasquinelli, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, on Addressing Lung Cancer Care Equity in Vulnerable Communities

Mary Pasquinelli, DNP, APRN, FNP-BC, of the University of Illinois Hospital and Health Science System, discusses proposed U.S. Preventive Services Task Force lung cancer screening guidelines, which show race and gender disparities, and how modifying these recommendations with a risk prediction model may improve health care.

Lung Cancer
Issues in Oncology

Study Finds State-Level Lung Cancer Screening Rates Not Aligned With Lung Cancer Burden in the United States

A new study published by Stacey A. Fedewa, PhD, and colleagues in JNCI: Journal of the National Cancer Institute found that state-level lung cancer screening rates were not aligned with the national lung cancer burden. The report provides the first population-based state-level screening data for...

lung cancer

James L. Mulshine, MD, on Meeting Highlights: Advancing Quantitative Low-Dose CT Imaging in Thoracic Disease

James L. Mulshine, MD, of Rush University Medical Center, offers an overview of the 2020 Quantitative Imaging Workshop, whose mission is to leverage the use of CT to speed early detection and improve the management of lung cancer and other thoracic diseases.

Legislation
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer

Medicaid Expansion Associated With Decreased Mortality in Patients With Newly Diagnosed Breast, Colorectal, and Lung Cancers

In states that have expanded Medicaid availability as part of the Affordable Care Act (ACA), mortality rates for three major types of cancer are significantly lower than in states that have not expanded their Medicaid, according to findings from a new study published by Miranda B. Lam, MD, MBA, and ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Combination of Nivolumab and Ipilimumab for Unresectable Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

On October 2, 2020, the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) was approved for first-line treatment of adult patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma.1-3 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on findings in the open-label phase III CheckMate 743 trial...

Lung Cancer

Liquid Biopsy: Mounting Evidence Shows Clinical Utility in Tumor Monitoring

A “blood-first” approach could soon shift the diagnostic paradigm in advanced lung cancer, replacing tissue biopsy with minimally invasive assays. According to Natasha B. Leighl, MD, MMSc, FRCPC, FASCO, there is rapidly mounting evidence that liquid biopsy serves a prognostic function in advanced...

Lung Cancer

Fragment Analysis as a MET Exon 14 Screening Strategy in NSCLC Tumors

Comparison of two techniques used in screening non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor samples demonstrated that fragment analysis could detect large MET exon 14 skipping deletions that were missed by next-generation sequencing, according to findings presented at the Molecular Analysis for...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Lung Cancer: Precision Therapies at the Forefront

What a difference 20 years have made! In the year 2000, the results of the ECOG 1594 trial were reported at the plenary session of the ASCO Annual Meeting. The study demonstrated comparable outcomes between four different platinum-based chemotherapy regimens for the treatment of metastatic...

lung cancer

David Yankelevitz, MD, on Early-Stage Lung Cancer: Renewed Interest in Combined-Modality Treatment

David Yankelevitz, MD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, discusses the renewed interest in applying adjuvant and neoadjuvant targeted treatments to earlier-stage lung cancer, given the promising results in more advanced disease. The challenges, he says, include identifying patient subgroups with a high likelihood for recurrence and therapeutic toxicities.

Breast Cancer
Lung Cancer
Gynecologic Cancers

FDA Approves Companion Diagnostic for Three Targeted Therapies for Advanced Ovarian, Breast, and Non–Small Cell Lung Cancers

On October 27, 2020, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the FoundationOne Liquid CDx test for three new companion diagnostic indications to help match patients who may benefit from treatment with specific FDA-approved targeted therapies. The new indications are for alpelisib...

lung cancer

Fred R. Hirsch, MD, PhD, on Early-Stage Lung Cancer: Targeted Treatment and Screening

Fred R. Hirsch, MD, PhD, of The Tisch Cancer Institute at Mount Sinai, discusses lung cancer screening for aggressive early-stage lung cancer; adjuvant and neoadjuvant treatment, including the ADAURA study of EGFR-positive tumors; and how cell-free DNA analysis might be used in the future to monitor therapy.

Lung Cancer

Biomarker-Driven Master Protocol to Test Therapies for Previously Treated Patients With Squamous NSCLC

In an article published in The Lancet Oncology, Redman et al described the conduct of and findings from the Lung Cancer Master Protocol (Lung-MAP; SWOG S1400), a completed biomarker-driven master protocol designed to address the need for improved therapies for previously treated patients with...

lung cancer
issues in oncology

Daniel G. Petereit, MD, on Disparities in Lung Cancer Care for Northern Plains American Indians

Daniel G. Petereit, MD, of the John T. Vucurevich Cancer Care Institute and Monument Health, discusses the Walking Forward health-care program designed for a South Dakota–based Native American population, whose members have high smoking and death rates from lung cancer as well as limited access to low-dose CT scans.

Lung Cancer
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in NSCLC, Gastric Cancer

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to a PD-1 inhibitor for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and also granted Priority Review to a HER2-directed antibody-drug conjugate for patients with...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Multisystem Immune-Related Adverse Events and Disease Outcomes Among Patients With NSCLC Treated With Immunotherapy

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Shankar et al found improved progression-free and overall survival among patients who experienced multisystem immune-related adverse events after anti–PD-1 or anti–PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for stage III/IV non–small cell...

Lung Cancer

Capmatinib Active in Advanced NSCLC With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutations

As reported inThe New England Journal of Medicine by Jürgen Wolf, MD, of the Center for Integrated Oncology, University Hospital Cologne and University of Cologne, and colleagues, the phase II GEOMETRY mono-1 trial has shown durable responses with the selective MET inhibitor capmatinib in patients...

Lung Cancer

EMPOWER-Lung 1 Trial: Cemiplimab Improves Survival Over Chemotherapy in Advanced NSCLC

The European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual Congress 2020 presented several abstracts with good news for patients with lung cancer. Long-term follow-up of immunotherapies showed excellent survival, a promising new ALK inhibitor improved outcomes compared with the standard of care, the...

Lung Cancer

Lorlatinib Improves Outcomes Over Crizotinib in First-Line Setting of ALK-Positive NSCLC: CROWN Trial

Lorlatinib significantly improved progression-free survival compared with crizotinib in the first-line treatment of patients with advanced ALK-positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to a planned interim analysis of the phase III CROWN trial presented at the European Society for...

Lung Cancer
Kidney Cancer
Leukemia
Solid Tumors
Gastroesophageal Cancer
Gastrointestinal Cancer
Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Immunotherapy

FDA Pipeline: Priority Reviews in EGFR-Mutant Lung Cancer, Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma; Fast Track Designations in CLL and Solid Tumors

Recently, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Priority Review to treatments for EGFR-mutant lung cancer and advanced renal cell carcinoma; granted Fast Track designation to agents in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors; and more....

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Do Patients With Early-Stage NSCLC Have a Higher Tumor Mutational Burden Than Those With More Advanced Disease?

The tumors of patients with stage I and II non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) demonstrated a generally higher tumor mutational burden and more often displayed the mutational signature associated with tobacco smoking than those of patients with more advanced disease, according to findings presented...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Fragment Analysis as a MET Exon 14 Screening Strategy in NSCLC Tumors

Comparison of two techniques used in screening non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tumor samples demonstrated that fragment analysis could detect large MET exon 14 skipping deletions that were missed by next-generation sequencing, according to findings presented at the Molecular Analysis for...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Cetuximab to Afatinib in First-Line Treatment of EGFR-Mutant NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sarah B. Goldberg, MD, MPH, and colleagues, final results of the phase II SWOG S1403 trial show no progression-free survival benefit with afatinib plus cetuximab vs afatinib alone in the first-line treatment of EGFR-mutant advanced non–small cell...

Lung Cancer

Association of Adjuvant Chemotherapy With Survival in Early-Stage NSCLC: Do Tumor Size and High-Risk Features Have an Impact?

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Pathak et al found that tumor size alone was not associated with improved survival with adjuvant therapy vs no adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with early-stage, node-negative non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). As stated by the...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Addition of Nivolumab to Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Resectable Stage IIIA NSCLC

In the Spanish phase II NADIM trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Provencio et al found that the addition of nivolumab to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the use of adjuvant nivolumab were associated with high 24-month rates of progression-free survival in patients with resectable stage IIIA...

Issues in Oncology
Breast Cancer
Colorectal Cancer
Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics
Multiple Myeloma
Pancreatic Cancer

Trends to Watch in Early-Onset Cancer Among Young Adults

Although cancer incidence and mortality rates for all cancers combined are considerably lower in younger adults than older adults, a disturbing pattern is beginning to emerge in the development of early-onset cancers, typically diagnosed in older patients, occurring in younger adults. The rising...

Lung Cancer

Pralsetinib for NSCLC With RET Gene Fusions

On September 4, 2020, pralsetinib (Gavreto) was granted accelerated approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of adults with metastatic RET fusion–positive non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) as detected by an FDA-approved test.1,2 The FDA simultaneously approved the...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Johan Vansteenkiste, MD

Formal study discussant Johan Vansteenkiste, MD, of the University Hospitals KU Leuven, Belgium, commented on the ADAURA trial findings: “This is an impressive effect on disease-free survival [with osimertinib] and a very early snapshot of overall survival.” Dr. Vansteenkiste continued: “In the CNS ...

Lung Cancer

Impact of Adjuvant Osimertinib on CNS Recurrence of NSCLC: ADAURA Trial

Osimertinib significantly prolonged disease-free survival compared with placebo in patients with completely resected stage II to IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), according to the results of the large randomized phase III ADAURA trial presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology...

Lung Cancer

Expert Point of View: Rafal Dziadziuszko, MD

Commenting on the Lung ART study, Rafal Dziadziuszko, MD, a radiation oncologist from the Medical University of Gdansk, Poland, said: “Congratulations on this study to resolve the longest ongoing debate in thoracic oncology. For more than 20 years, we have been discussing whether to irradiate...

Lung Cancer

Study Questions Role of Routine Postoperative Radiotherapy in NSCLC With Mediastinal Nodes

The Lung ART trial was designed to demonstrate whether there is any benefit to the routine use of modern mediastinal postoperative radiotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) stage IIIA N2 (ie, patients with mediastinal nodal involvement) following complete resection and neo...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Atezolizumab vs Chemotherapy in PD-L1–Positive Metastatic NSCLC: IMpower110

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, and colleagues, the phase III IMpower110 trial has shown significantly prolonged overall survival with first-line atezolizumab vs platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Liquid Biopsy May Be a Timely and Effective Testing Method for Patients With NSCLC: Findings From Canada

Next-generation sequencing of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) obtained from blood samples may improve diagnostic testing in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and may also be faster and less expensive than standard tissue profiling, according to research presented by Natasha B. Leighl, ...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

FDA Approves Nivolumab Plus Ipilimumab for the First-Line Treatment of Unresectable Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

On October 2, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the combination of nivolumab (Opdivo) plus ipilimumab (Yervoy) as first-line treatment for adult patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma. CheckMate 743 Efficacy was investigated in CheckMate 743, a randomized,...

Solid Tumors
Lung Cancer
Colorectal Cancer

Activity of the KRAS G12C Inhibitor Sotorasib in KRAS p.G12C–Mutant Advanced Solid Tumors

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by David S. Hong, MD, and colleagues, the phase I CodeBreaK100 trial showed activity of the oral KRAS G12C inhibitor sotorasib in heavily pretreated patients with KRAS p.G12C–mutant advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), colorectal cancer,...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

Continuous vs Fixed-Duration Immunotherapy in Previously Treated Patients With Advanced NSCLC

In an exploratory analysis of the phase IIIb/IV CheckMate 153 trial published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, David M. Waterhouse, MD, MPH, and colleagues found that continuing nivolumab beyond 1 year of treatment vs stopping at 1 year of treatment was associated with better outcomes in...

Lung Cancer

Study Examines Combined Impact of Aspirin, Metformin, and Statins on Lung Cancer Risk

Combined use of aspirin, metformin, and statins may be associated with decreased lung cancer incidence and mortality, according to a study published by Kang et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. Study Methods The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of the three agents with...

lung cancer

Cécile Le Pechoux, MD, on NSCLC: Comparing Postoperative Radiotherapy With No Radiotherapy

Cécile Le Pechoux, MD, of the Institut Gustave Roussy, discusses new findings from an international trial on an old controversy: What is the role of postoperative radiotherapy in locally advanced (stage III) non–small cell lung cancer? The researchers enrolled patients with completely resected disease and mediastinal N2 involvement (Abstract LBA3).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab for Resectable Disease

Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD, of the Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discusses results of the phase II PRINCEPS trial, which assessed, for the first time, the effect of just one injection of the immunotherapy atezolizumab before surgery in patients with resectable non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 1215O).

Lung Cancer

Disease-Free Survival With Adjuvant Osimertinib in Resected EGFR-Mutant NSCLC: ADAURA Trial

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Wu et al, the phase III ADAURA trial has shown significantly prolonged disease-free survival with adjuvant osimertinib vs placebo in patients with resected EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These findings were also presented during ...

lung cancer

David S. Hong, MD, on NSCLC: Durability of Clinical Benefit and Biomarkers in Patients Treated With Sotorasib

David S. Hong, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses study findings on sotorasib, a novel, first-in-class, oral KRASG12C inhibitor. The agent demonstrated durable disease control in heavily pretreated patients with non–small cell lung cancer (Abstract 1257O).

Lung Cancer

Study Questions Role of Routine Postoperative Radiotherapy in NSCLC With Mediastinal Nodes

The Lung ART trial was designed to demonstrate whether there was any benefit to the routine use of modern mediastinal postoperative radiotherapy in patients with non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) following complete resection and (neo)adjuvant chemotherapy. No difference in disease-free survival...

Solid Tumors
Lung Cancer

KRAS G12C Inhibitor Shows Activity in Solid Tumors, Lung Cancer

In a phase I clinical trial for patients with advanced solid cancers marked by KRAS G12C mutations, the KRAS G12C inhibitor sotorasib (AMG 510) showed manageable toxicities and durable clinical benefits. Results from the trial were published in The New England Journal of Medicine, and data from the ...

lung cancer

Masahiro Tsuboi, MD, on NSCLC: Adjuvant Osimertinib in EGFR-Mutated Disease

Masahiro Tsuboi, MD, of Japan’s National Cancer Center Hospital East, discusses the phase III results from the ADAURA study, which showed a reduced risk of local and distant recurrence in patients with resected EGFR-mutated non–small cell lung cancer, reinforcing adjuvant osimertinib as an effective treatment (Abstract LBA1).

Lung Cancer
Genomics/Genetics

Phase II Trial of Capmatinib for MET Exon 14–Mutated or MET-Amplified Advanced NSCLC

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Wolf et al, the phase II GEOMETRY mono-1 trial has shown durable responses with the selective MET inhibitor capmatinib in patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and MET exon 14–skipping mutations. The trial supported the May...

Lung Cancer
Immunotherapy

First-Line Durvalumab Plus Cisplatin/Pemetrexed in Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Nowak et al, the Australian phase II DREAM trial showed activity with the triplet of durvalumab plus cisplatin/pemetrexed in previously untreated patients with advanced malignant mesothelioma. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 54 evaluable patients with...

Lung Cancer

Second-Line Carboplatin/Etoposide vs Topotecan in Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Baize et al, a French phase III trial has shown significant improvement in progression-free survival with second-line carboplatin plus etoposide vs topotecan in patients with chemotherapy-sensitive relapsed small cell lung cancer. As noted by the investigators, ...

Lung Cancer

I Say ‘Yes’ to Life

I have been a registered nurse for almost 5 decades and was completely unprepared to hear the words “You have stage IV lung cancer.” I think receiving the diagnosis was especially shocking because the symptoms I began experiencing in the summer of 2015, including some unusual weight gain,...

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