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prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Undertreatment of High-Risk Prostate Cancer in Latino Men

New research by Lichtensztajn et al in JNCCN—Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network examined disparities in care for Latino men with prostate cancer. A team of researchers from UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, Stanford Cancer Institute, and...

Prostate Cancer

ASTRO/ASCO/AUA Guideline for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Supports Use of Hypofractionated Radiotherapy

Three prominent medical organizations have issued a new clinical guideline for physicians treating men with early-stage prostate cancer using external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Developed by a panel of experts from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), ASCO, and the American...

Prostate Cancer

Treatment With Radium-223 Plus Abiraterone Not Advisable in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

The combination of radium-223 plus AAP (abiraterone acetate [Zytiga] and prednisone) was not superior to placebo plus AAP in the phase III ERA 223 trial, which enrolled men with asymptomatic bone-predominant metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.1 Patients treated with the combination had ...

prostate cancer

Treatment With ADT May Be Linked to Higher Risk of Heart Failure in Patients With Prostate Cancer

Androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) use was associated with a higher risk of heart failure in a study of patients with prostate cancer, according to findings published by Kao et al in The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology.  Study Methods, Findings Study authors used data from the Taiwan...

Prostate Cancer

Adding Pelvic Node Radiation and Short-Term Hormone Therapy to Salvage Radiation Provides Significant Benefit in Prostate Cancer

For patients with prostate cancer who have persistent or rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after radical prostatectomy, the addition of short-term androgen-deprivation therapy and radiotherapy to the pelvic lymph nodes demonstrated increased rates of freedom from disease progression,...

prostate cancer
symptom management

NCRI 2018: COMPARE Study: Side Effects and Quality of Life Associated With Prostate Cancer Care

Men who have been newly diagnosed with prostate cancer say they would trade some improvement in their odds of survival for improvements in side effects and quality of life, according to research presented by Ahmed et al at the 2018 National Cancer Research Institute (NCRI) Cancer Conference...

Prostate Cancer

Expert Point of View: Robert Bristow, MD, PhD; Ignacio Duran, MD; Karim Fizazi, MD

FORMAL DISCUSSANT Robert G. Bristow, MD, PhD, of the Manchester Cancer Research Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom, called this trial “an exemplar.” “Radiation to the prostate should be considered standard of care in the setting of hormone-sensitive low-metastatic burden. The treatment is well...

Prostate Cancer

Radiation to Primary Tumor Improves Survival in Subset of Men With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

MEN WITH newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer do not typically receive treatment to the primary tumor with radiation or surgery. A new analysis of the STAMPEDE trial found that radiation administered to the prostate can improve overall survival in men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate...

Prostate Cancer

AR-V7 as Marker for Taxane Therapy in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Howard I. Scher, MD, of the Genitourinary Oncology Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer, and colleagues found that the presence of nuclear-localized androgen receptor splice variant 7 (AR-V7) protein in circulating tumor cells may predict better survival...

Prostate Cancer

Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy in Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer

In an Australian phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Suzanne K. Chambers, PhD, of the Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, and colleagues found similar functional outcomes at 2 years with robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical...

Prostate Cancer

Early PSA Testing Could Help Predict Prostate Cancer Among Black Men

In a study published by Mark A. Preston, MD, MPH, and colleagues in European Urology, researchers demonstrated that a baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level obtained from black men between 40 and 60 years old may predict the future development of prostate cancer for years after testing....

prostate cancer

New ASTRO/ASCO/AUA Guideline for Early-Stage Prostate Cancer Supports Use of Hypofractionated Radiotherapy

Three prominent medical societies have issued a new clinical guideline for physicians treating men with early-stage prostate cancer using external-beam radiation therapy (EBRT). Adoption of the guideline could make treatment shorter and more convenient for many patients with prostate cancer....

prostate cancer

2018 ASTRO: SPPORT Trial: ADT With or Without Pelvic Lymph Node Radiation in Prostate Cancer

The first report of a large international clinical trial shows that, for men who show signs of prostate cancer after surgical removal of their prostates, extending radiation therapy to the pelvic lymph nodes combined with adding short-term androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) to standard treatment...

prostate cancer

Long-Term Results of Sequence of Hormonal Therapy Plus Whole-Pelvic or Prostate-Alone Radiotherapy in Prostate Cancer

In long-term follow-up of the phase III NRG/RTOG 9413 study reported in The Lancet Oncology by Roach et al, neoadjuvant hormonal therapy (NHT) plus whole-pelvic radiotherapy (WPRT) and prostate-only radiotherapy (PORT) plus adjuvant hormonal therapy (AHT) were associated with the highest rates of...

prostate cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, on Localized Prostate Cancer: Radiation Therapy Guidelines

Howard M. Sandler, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, summarizes a session he moderated that included discussion of an ASTRO, ASCO, and AUA guideline; indications and dose fractionation; treatment volumes; and the use of IGRT and IMRT (Panel 03).

prostate cancer

Daniel E. Spratt, MD, on Prostate Cancer in African American Men: Results of a Meta-analysis

Daniel E. Spratt, MD, of the University of Michigan, discusses a large-scale gene-expression analysis and meta-analysis of RTOG trials on androgen receptor activity and radiotherapeutic sensitivity in African American men with prostate cancer (Abstract 4).

prostate cancer

Howard M. Sandler, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Prospective Trials Update

Howard M. Sandler, MD, of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, discusses a session on data from several long-term studies on localized disease, including optimal sequencing of radiation and androgen-deprivation therapy; the efficacy and toxicity of SBRT; conventional vs hypofractionated radiation therapy; and dose escalation (Scientific Symposium 08).

prostate cancer

Alan Pollack, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Results From the SPPORT Trial

Alan Pollack, MD, of the University of Miami, discusses study findings on short-term androgen-deprivation therapy with or without pelvic lymph node treatment added to prostate bed–only salvage radiotherapy (Abstract LBA5).

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

2018 ASTRO: Radiation Therapy Outcomes in African American Patients With Prostate Cancer

A new analysis of genetic data from a large prospective registry and clinical data from several randomized trials indicates that African American patients may have comparatively higher cure rates when treated with radiation therapy than Caucasian patients. The study, which is the first report...

prostate cancer

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, on Prostate Cancer: Updates From the STAMPEDE Trial

Nicholas D. James, PhD, MBBS, of University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Trust, discusses study findings on treating metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer, including results on radiotherapy and abiraterone (Abstract LBA5_PR).

prostate cancer

ESMO 2018: Survival Results From STAMPEDE: Local Radiotherapy in Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Prostate Cancer With Low Disease Burden

Radiotherapy to the prostate improved overall survival in men newly diagnosed with metastatic prostate cancer who have a low metastatic disease burden, but not in those with higher burden of disease, according to results from a preplanned analysis of a large comparison study reported by Parker et...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

PCF Releases First National Report on Public Perception of Prostate Cancer in the United States

The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) recently released the results of its first national public awareness report about risks, actions, and attitudes toward prostate cancer in the PCF 3P Report 2018: Public Perception of Prostate Cancer. Each year, even though more than three million men in...

prostate cancer

Early PSA Testing Could Help Predict Prostate Cancer Among Black Men

In a study published by Preston et al in European Urology, researchers demonstrated that a baseline prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level obtained from black men between 40 and 60 years old may predict the future development of prostate cancer for years after testing. The study builds on ...

prostate cancer

FDA Grants Breakthrough Therapy Designation to Rucaparib in BRCA1/2-Mutated Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently granted Breakthrough Therapy designation to rucaparib (Rubraca) monotherapy for the treatment of adult patients with BRCA1/2-mutated metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer who have received at least one prior androgen...

Prostate Cancer

Abiraterone Acetate Plus Prednisone in High-Risk Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

IN EARLY 2018, abiraterone acetate tablets (Yonsa, Zytiga) in combination with prednisone was approved for the treatment of metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer.1,2 Supporting Efficacy Data APPROVAL WAS BASED on findings from the phase III LATITUDE trial, in which 1,199...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology
cost of care

Estimated Medicare Cost for Prostate Cancer Care in Older Men

Although national guidelines recommend against prostate cancer screening in men age 70 and older, researchers from the University of North Carolina (UNC) Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center estimate that screening for and treating prostate cancer in men in this age group costs Medicare more than ...

prostate cancer

ASCO Endorses AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline on Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Justin E. Bekelman, MD, of the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, and colleagues, ASCO has endorsed the 2017 American Urological Association (AUA), American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), and Society of Urologic...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

Actively Recruiting Clinical Trials Focused on Prostate Cancer

The information contained in this Clinical Trials Resource Guide includes actively recruiting clinical studies focused on prostate cancer. These trials are studying bone marrow transplant, gene therapy, checkpoint inhibitor treatment, radiation therapy techniques, antibody therapies, and...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Researchers Identify Pitfall in PSMA PET Imaging Method

Prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging has become a popular method for determining the stage of a patient’s prostate cancer. However, researchers have identified a pitfall in this imaging technique and are cautioning medical professionals to be...

prostate cancer
immunotherapy

Mismatch Repair Mutations and Immunotherapy in Prostate Cancer

A group of men with especially aggressive prostate cancer may respond unusually well to immunotherapy, according to a study published by Rodrigues et al in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. The research offers the possibility of effective treatment, with clinical trials already underway. An...

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Foundation and Movember Foundation Announce 2018 Winners of Challenge Awards

The Prostate Cancer Foundation (PCF) and the Movember Foundation recently announced four new Movember Foundation–PCF Challenge Award teams at some of the world’s leading academic research institutions will receive a total of $3.5 million to support cross-disciplinary pioneering research toward the...

Prostate Cancer

Treating Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer: Implications of the PROSPER Trial

A MAN in his early 70s sits in our office. His general health is good, and he is feeling well. Yet he is deeply worried. Four years ago, when his prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level rapidly increased after radical prostatectomy and subsequent radiation therapy, he was started on...

prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Dose-Escalated IMRT vs Conventionally Fractionated IMRT in Localized Prostate Cancer

In a long-term follow-up of a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Hoffman et al found that dose-escalated moderately hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy (HIMRT) improved disease control and reduced treatment duration vs conventionally fractionated IMRT...

prostate cancer
cost of care

ICER Report on Clinical Benefits and Value of Different Antiandrogen Therapies for Men With Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

The Institute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) has released an evidence report assessing the comparative clinical effectiveness and value of antiandrogen therapies for the treatment of nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. The report focuses on three antiandrogen...

prostate cancer

Early-Life Alcohol Intake May Increase the Odds of High-Grade Prostate Cancer Later in Life

Compared with nondrinkers, men who consumed at least 7 drinks per week during adolescence (ages 15–19) had 3 times the odds of being diagnosed with clinically significant prostate cancer, according to results published by Michael et al in Cancer Prevention Research. “The prostate...

Prostate Cancer

Enzalutamide in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In the Clinic provides overviews of novel oncology agents, addressing indications, mechanisms of action, administration recommendations, safety profiles, and other essential information needed for the appropriate clinical use of these drugs. On July 13, 2018, enzalutamide (Xtandi) was approved for...

Prostate Cancer

NIH and Prostate Cancer Foundation Launch Large Study on Aggressive Prostate Cancer in African American Men

The largest coordinated research effort to study biologic and nonbiologic factors associated with aggressive prostate cancer in African American men has begun. The $26.5 million study is called RESPOND, or Research on Prostate Cancer in Men of African Ancestry: Defining the Roles of Genetics, Tumor ...

Prostate Cancer

Abiraterone or Enzalutamide for Newly Diagnosed Metastatic Castrate-Resistant Prostate Cancer?

WHAT IS THE best choice of treatment for a man with newly diagnosed metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer after treatment with androgen-deprivation therapy—abiraterone acetate (Zytiga) plus prednisone, or enzalutamide (Xtandi)? Both drugs achieve similar cancer control in this setting,...

Prostate Cancer

Enzalutamide Prolongs Metastasis-Free Survival in Patients With Nonmetastatic, Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

AS REPORTED in The New England Journal of Medicine by Maha Hussain, MD, of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center, Northwestern University, and colleagues, the phase III PROSPER trial has shown a 71% reduction in the risk of metastasis or death with enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs placebo in men ...

prostate cancer

No Benefit of Adding Abiraterone to Enzalutamide in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer With Increasing PSA

The PLATO trial failed to show benefit of adding abiraterone (Zytiga)/prednisone to ongoing enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs abiraterone/prednisone in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer exhibiting rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) during enzalutamide treatment. Results of the...

prostate cancer

SPOP-Mutant Prostate Cancer Subtype, High PSA, and Prognosis

Conventional wisdom suggests that a high level of the protein prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in men with prostate cancer means a poor prognosis. However, this may not always be the case in men with a particular subtype of prostate cancer, according to a new study from Weill Cornell Medicine and...

breast cancer
colorectal cancer
prostate cancer

Following a Healthy Diet and Avoiding Alcohol May Reduce Overall Cancer Risk

The World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) has estimated that in developed countries, about 35% of breast cancers and 45% of colorectal cancers could be prevented with a better adherence to nutritional recommendations. A large prospective study evaluating...

prostate cancer

Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Prostatectomy vs Open Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy in Newly Diagnosed Prostate Cancer

In an Australian phase III trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Coughlin et al found similar functional outcomes at 2 years with robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and open radical retropubic prostatectomy in men with newly diagnosed clinically localized prostate cancer. Study Details In ...

Solid Tumors
Prostate Cancer

When Can Patients With Gleason 6 Prostate Cancer Safely Undergo Active Surveillance?

Prior to ASCO’s 2016 endorsement of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline on active surveillance in the management of localized prostate cancer,1 most men—over 90%—diagnosed with low-risk localized disease were treated with active therapy.2 Today, about 50% of American men with low-risk disease...

Prostate Cancer

Abiraterone Plus Prednisone in High-Risk Metastatic Castration-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

EARLY IN 2018, abiraterone acetate tablets (Zytiga) in combination with prednisone were approved for the treatment of metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer.1,2  Supporting Efficacy Data  APPROVAL WAS based on the findings of the phase III LATITUDE trial, in which 1,199 patients...

Prostate Cancer

FDA Approves Enzalutamide for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

ON JULY 13, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved enzalutamide (Xtandi) for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This approval broadens the indicated patient population to include patients with either nonmetastatic CRPC or metastatic CRPC. Enzalutamide was ...

prostate cancer

Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen–Targeted Docetaxel Nanoparticle in Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a phase II trial reported in JAMA Oncology, Autio et al found that prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)–targeted docetaxel nanoparticle (BIND-014) treatment was active in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Study Details In the multicenter trial,...

prostate cancer

FDA Approves Enzalutamide for Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On July 13, 2018, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved enzalutamide (Xtandi) for patients with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). This approval broadens the indicated patient population to include patients with either nonmetastatic CRPC or metastatic CRPC. Enzalutamide was ...

prostate cancer

AR-V7 as Marker for Taxane vs Androgen Receptor Inhibitor Treatment in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Oncology, Scher and colleagues found that the presence of nuclear-localized androgen receptor splice variant 7 (AR-V7) protein in circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may predict better survival with taxane therapy vs androgen receptor signaling (ARS) inhibitor treatment in...

prostate cancer

PROSPER: Enzalutamide Prolongs Metastasis-Free Survival in Nonmetastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Hussain et al, the phase III PROSPER trial has shown a 71% reduction in risk of metastasis or death with enzalutamide (Xtandi) vs placebo in men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Study Details In the double-blind trial,...

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