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supportive care
symptom management

FDA Approves Sodium Thiosulfate to Reduce the Risk of Ototoxicity Associated With Cisplatin

On September 20, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved sodium thiosulfate (Pedmark) to reduce the risk of ototoxicity associated with cisplatin in pediatric patients aged 1 month and older with localized (nonmetastatic) solid tumors. Efficacy was evaluated in two multicenter,...

hepatobiliary cancer

Individuals of Mexican Descent May Have Higher Risk of Liver Cancer With Each Successive Generation

Studies show that Hispanic individuals have higher incidence rates of developing liver cancer and higher mortality rates—by 50% or more—than non-Hispanic White individuals for several cancers, including liver cancer. A new study investigating hepatocellular carcinoma among successive generations of ...

prostate cancer
genomics/genetics

Prostate Tumor Biology May Be Influenced by Genetic Ancestry

Certain genetic variants found in prostate tumors of men of African descent were associated with African ancestry, according to two studies presented at the 15th American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities in Racial and Ethnic Minorities...

issues in oncology

Do LGBTQI+ Patients With Cancer Receive Mental Health Information Tailored to Their Needs?

Although customized health education materials for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and intersex (LGBTQI+) cancer survivors may play a pivotal role in their experiences throughout their cancer care continuum, a study by Burnett et al has found that regardless of their satisfaction with...

covid-19

Antibody Response to Three-Dose COVID-19 mRNA-1273 Vaccination Schedule in Immunocompromised Patients With Hematologic Cancers

In a Dutch prospective observational cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Haggenburg et al found that a third dose of the COVID-19 mRNA-1273 vaccine increased antibody levels in immunocompromised patients with hematologic cancers overall to levels comparable to those observed in healthy controls ...

breast cancer

Neoadjuvant Endocrine Therapy May Elicit Differential Responses in Black vs White Women With Breast Cancer

Black women treated with neoadjuvant endocrine therapy for breast cancer were more likely to benefit than White women if treated at an earlier disease stage, but less likely to benefit than White women if treated at a later disease stage, according to results presented at the 15th American...

leukemia

Many Families of Children With Leukemia May Experience Food Insecurity That Is Not Alleviated by Federal Assistance Program

Nearly one in four families of pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) enrolled in a clinical trial experienced food insecurity, and almost half of the families eligible for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) did not receive benefits. In addition, receiving SNAP ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Real-World Experience With Durvalumab at the Mayo Clinic Mirrors PACIFIC Findings

Concurrent chemoradiation followed by durvalumab has become the standard of care in patients with unresectable, locally advanced non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), based on the PACIFIC trial.1 But clinical trials have predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and they evaluate selective...

issues in oncology

New Study Shows Sugar-Sweetened Drinks May Increase Risk of Cancer Mortality

In a large study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS), men and women who drank two or more servings of sugar-sweetened beverages per day had a 5% increased risk of death from an obesity-related cancer, including gastrointestinal, postmenopausal breast, endometrial, and kidney...

multiple myeloma

Novel Photon-Counting CT May Improve Myeloma Bone Disease Detection

New computed tomography (CT) technology paired with artificial intelligence (AI)-based noise reduction may offer superior detection of bone disease associated with multiple myeloma at lower radiation doses than conventional CT, according to a recent study published by Baffour et al in Radiology....

colorectal cancer

Recurrence-Free Survival as Surrogate for Overall Survival in Patients Undergoing Resection of Colorectal Liver Metastases

In a single-center retrospective study and a separate meta-analysis reported in The Lancet Oncology, Ecker et al found low correlations between recurrence-free survival and overall survival among patients undergoing resection of colorectal cancer liver metastases. As stated by the investigators,...

issues in oncology
health-care policy

Compliance of NCI-Designated Cancer Centers With January 2021 CMS Price Transparency Requirements

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Childers et al found that only one-third of hospitals with National Cancer Institute (NCI)-designated cancer center status were fully compliant with Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) price transparency requirements instituted in January 2021....

breast cancer

Reporting of Hispanic Ethnicity and Race in Breast Cancer Studies: National Cancer Database Analysis

In a National Cancer Database (NCDB) analysis reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Bazan et al found that Hispanic ethnicity was reported in patient demographics or results in less than half of studies in breast cancer, with a smaller proportion categorizing race and ethnicity into...

lung cancer

National Lung Screening Trial Results Highlight Importance of Lifelong Follow-up

Approximately 6% of patients with stage I to III lung cancer develop a second primary lung cancer within 5 years of their initial diagnosis, according to research presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) 2022 World Conference on Lung Cancer.1 Analysis of data...

Highlights From the ESMO Congress 2022

The ESMO Congress 2022 took place in Paris from September 9 to 13. In this episode, we highlight key research presented at the meeting. We’ll first hear from the presenting author of Abstract LBA1 on the effect of air pollutants on the risk of non–small cell lung cancer. Then, we’ll hear from a...

bladder cancer
immunotherapy

New Research From Cohort K of the EV-103 Trial of Enfortumab Vedotin for Patients With Urothelial Cancer

Researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK) Cancer Center shared data on a treatment option for patients with bladder cancer at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2022 (Abstract LBA73). Jonathan E. Rosenberg, MD, medical oncologist and Chief of the Genitourinary Oncology...

cost of care
breast cancer
colorectal cancer
lung cancer
prostate cancer

Costs of Cancer Treatment for Younger, Privately Insured Patients

A new, large study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society (ACS) and The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center showed the rising costs of cancer treatment led to increases in total costs of care, and when compounded with greater cost-sharing, increased out-of-pocket costs for...

breast cancer
cost of care

Cost-Effectiveness of Chemotherapy Sequences in Metastatic Breast Cancer According to Prior Therapy Exposure

In a modeling study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Stephanie B. Wheeler, PhD, MPH, and colleagues identified the most cost-effective sequences of single-agent chemotherapy regimens among patients with endocrine-refractory or triple-negative metastatic breast cancer according to prior ...

colorectal cancer

Use of Trimodality Therapy in Stage II/III Rectal Cancer in the United States: 10-Year Period

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hagen F. Kennecke, MD, and colleagues found that among U.S. patients with clinical stage II/III rectal cancer diagnosed between 2006 and 2016 who received trimodality therapy, use of postoperative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) decreased and...

prostate cancer

Rezvilutamide vs Bicalutamide Combined With ADT in High-Volume Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Gu et al, interim analyses of the phase III CHART trial have shown improved radiographic progression-free survival and overall survival with the novel androgen receptor inhibitor rezvilutamide vs bicalutamide when both were combined with androgen-deprivation...

lung cancer

Tony S.K. Mok, MD, on NSCLC: Review of Recent Data From the SUNRISE and ORIENT-31 Trials

Tony S.K. Mok, MD, of The Chinese University of Hong Kong, discusses two late-breaking abstracts presented at ESMO 2022: the phase II SUNRISE study, which compared sintilimab plus anlotinib vs platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line therapy in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer...

breast cancer
survivorship

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, on Oncofertility Care for Young Women With Breast Cancer

Matteo Lambertini, MD, PhD, of the University of Genova and Policlinico San Martino Hospital, talks about why oncofertility counseling should now be considered mandatory in the care of young women with breast cancer. Among the treatments he recommends offering are oocyte/embryo cryopreservation (or ...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, on Melanoma: Findings on Circulating Tumor DNA, Disease Recurrence, and Immunotherapy

Georgina V. Long, MD, PhD, of the Melanoma Institute Australia, discusses results from the CheckMate 915 trial, an analysis of the pretreatment circulating tumor DNA, along with other clinical and translational baseline factors, and their association with disease recurrence in patients with stage...

skin cancer

Sequencing of Ipilimumab/Nivolumab With Encorafenib/Binimetinib in BRAF-Mutant Metastatic Melanoma

In a phase II trial (SECOMBIT) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Paolo A. Ascierto, MD, and colleagues found that sequential immunotherapy and targeted therapy with ipilimumab/nivolumab followed at disease progression by encorafenib/binimetinib was associated with good survival...

Expert Point of View: Jacek Jassem, MD

Abstract discussant, Jacek Jassem, MD, of the Medical University of Gdansk, in Poland, underscored smoking as the most important cause of lung cancer, noting that between 85% and 90% of patients with lung cancer are current or former smokers. “Lung cancer screening, which has recently become...

lung cancer

High-Intensity Intervention Helps One-Third of Participants in Lung Cancer Screening Program Quit Smoking

Despite significant advancements in cancer therapy, a primary means to avoid lung cancer is prevention, and smoking cessation is the most basic intervention. Unfortunately, for long-term smokers, that intervention can sometimes be the most challenging. According to data presented during the...

skin cancer
lymphoma

Trends in Incidence of Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma in the United States

In a study reported in a research letter in JAMA Oncology, Cai et al found that the incidence of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma increased in the United States between 2000 and 2018. The study involved data from 18 Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program registries for 2000 to 2018. A...

immunotherapy
symptom management

Association of Neurofilament Light Chain Levels With ICANS Risk After CAR T-Cell Therapy

In a retrospective study reported in JAMA Oncology, Butt et al found significantly higher pretreatment neurofilament light chain levels in patients who did vs did not develop immune effector cell–associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) after CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy....

lung cancer

Lung Cancer Screening Increases Percentage of Stage I Cases Detected, While Reducing Percentage of Stage IV Cases Detected

Implementing lung cancer screening at four diverse health-care systems resulted in an 8.4% increase in the number of stage I lung cancers detected and a 6.6% decrease in the detection of stage IV disease, according to research published by Vachani et al in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. The...

breast cancer

Study Explores Link Between Use of Antipsychotic Agents and Increased Breast Cancer Risk

A research team from the Centre for Safe Medication Practice and Research (CSMPR) in the Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy at the University of Hong Kong (HKUMed) conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies with over 2 million individuals and estimated a moderate...

skin cancer

Neil D. Gross, MD, on Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Recent Findings on Cemiplimab

Neil D. Gross, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses data from a phase II study, which showed that neoadjuvant cemiplimab-rwlc in patients with stage II–IV (M0) resectable cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is active and may enable function-preserving surgery in some...

prostate cancer

Patient-Reported Outcomes With the Addition of Olaparib to Abiraterone in Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Fred Saad, MD, FRCS, and colleagues, an analysis of a phase II trial found no significant differences in health-related quality of life or pain measures with the addition of olaparib to abiraterone in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate...

lung cancer

Outcomes of Lung Cancer Screening in Individuals With or Without Lung-Related Comorbidities

In a prospective cohort study reported in JAMA Network Open, Metwally et al found no significant differences in positive examination, cancer detection, or false-positive rates among individuals with vs without self-reported lung-related comorbidities undergoing low-dose computed tomography lung...

pancreatic cancer

5-Year Outcomes With Adjuvant mFOLFIRINOX vs Gemcitabine in Pancreatic Cancer

As reported in JAMA Oncology by Thierry Conroy, MD, and colleagues, 5-year analysis of the phase III PRODIGE 24/Canadian Cancer Trials Group PA6 trial has shown a significant benefit in overall survival and other outcomes with adjuvant mFOLFIRINOX (modified oxaliplatin, irinotecan, leucovorin, and...

colorectal cancer
genomics/genetics

Acquired EGFR Inhibitor Resistance Alterations Identified in ctDNA Analysis in Patients With Refractory Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Topham et al, circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) analysis indicated significantly increased frequencies of multiple potential EGFR inhibitor resistance alterations among patients with refractory metastatic colorectal cancer with vs without prior ...

lung cancer

Updated Overall Survival Findings With Adjuvant Erlotinib vs Vinorelbine/Cisplatin in EGFR-Mutant Stage IIIA NSCLC

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Yue et al, an updated analysis of the Chinese phase II EVAN study indicated a sizable overall survival advantage with adjuvant erlotinib vs vinorelbine/cisplatin in patients with R0 resected stage IIIA EGFR-mutant non–small cell lung cancer...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Gérard Zalcman, MD, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer: Phase III Trial Findings on Nivolumab and Ipilimumab

Gérard Zalcman, MD, PhD, of France’s Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Assistance Publique–Hôpitaux de Paris, discusses phase III results from the IFCT-1701 trial, which explored the questions of whether to administer nivolumab plus ipilimumab for 6 months or whether to prolong the treatment in...

head and neck cancer
immunotherapy

Jean-Pascal Machiels, MD, PhD, on Head and Neck Cancer: Recent Data on Pembrolizumab and Chemoradiation Therapy

Jean-Pascal Machiels, MD, PhD, of Belgium’s Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc (UCLouvain), discusses the primary results of the phase III KEYNOTE-412 study of pembrolizumab plus chemoradiation therapy (CRT) vs placebo plus CRT for patients with locally advanced head and neck squamous cell...

prostate cancer

Neal D. Shore, MD, on Prostate Cancer: Biomarker Analysis, Enzalutamide, and Active Surveillance

Neal D. Shore, MD, of Carolina Urologic Research Center/Genesis Care, discusses new data from the ENACT trial, which showed that patients with prostate cancer and the RNA biomarkers PAM50 and AR-A were likely to have better outcomes with enzalutamide treatment. The results suggest that such RNA...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Adjuvant Atezolizumab Does Not Improve Disease-Free Survival in Patients With RCC

Adjuvant therapy with the anti–PD-L1 therapy atezolizumab failed to improve disease-free survival compared to placebo in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) at high risk of recurrence after resection, according to results of the phase III IMmotion010 trial presented by Axel Bex, MD, PhD, at...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Updated Results From the ADAURA Trial of Adjuvant Osimertinib in EGFR-Mutated NSCLC

Newly released results from the phase III ADAURA trial revealed that osimertinib yielded a 5.5-year median disease-free survival in the postsurgical treatment of patients with EGFR-mutated non­–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and nearly three in four patients treated with adjuvant osimertinib were...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Dual Checkpoint Inhibitor Blockade as First-Line or Salvage Therapy for Patients With Advanced Merkel Cell Carcinoma

Merkel cell carcinoma has a high rate of metastasis and poor patient outcomes. The current standard of care for patients with recurrent, unresectable, or metastatic disease is immune checkpoint inhibitor monotherapy targeting PD-1 and PD-L1, but only about half of patients respond to this therapy....

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Early Research Identifies Effective Combination Immunotherapy for Subgroup of Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

A physician-scientist at City of Hope has identified a novel combination immunotherapy regimen—a triplet therapy consisting of regorafenib, ipilimumab, and nivolumab—that demonstrated significant response in patients with chemotherapy-resistant, microsatellite-stable metastatic colorectal cancer....

legislation

ASCO Applauds President Biden’s Leadership in Relaunching the Cancer Moonshot

On September 12, Lori J. Pierce, MD, FASTRO, FASCO, Board Chair of the Association for Clinical Oncology (ASCO), made the following statement: “President John F. Kennedy’s historic speech that inspired our nation and an entire generation of Americans to achieve manned space exploration underscored ...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Recent Phase III Data on Cabozantinib, Nivolumab, and Ipilimumab From the COSMIC-313 Trial

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of France’s Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discuss phase III findings showing that cabozantinib in combination with nivolumab and ipilimumab reduced the risk of disease progression or death compared with the...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Axel Bex, MD, PhD, on Renal Cell Carcinoma: Phase III Results With Atezolizumab as Adjuvant Therapy

Axel Bex, MD, PhD, of the Netherlands Cancer Institute, discusses phase III findings from the IMmotion010 study, which evaluated the efficacy and safety of atezolizumab vs placebo in patients with renal cell cancer who are at high risk of disease recurrence following nephrectomy (Abstract LBA66).

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, on NSCLC: New Findings on Cemiplimab, Nivolumab, and Ipilimumab

Martin Reck, MD, PhD, of Germany’s Lung Clinic Grosshansdorf, details two trials that included patients with advanced non–small cell lung cancer: 3-year survival outcomes in the EMPOWER-Lung 1 study of continued cemiplimab-rwlc beyond disease progression with the addition of chemotherapy, and phase ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Richard S. Finn, MD, on Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Recent Data on Lenvatinib Plus Pembrolizumab

Richard S. Finn, MD, of the Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, discusses primary phase III results from the LEAP-002 study of pembrolizumab, an anti–PD-1 therapy, plus lenvatinib, the orally available multiple receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, vs lenvatinib...

kidney cancer

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, on RCC: Review of Two Key Abstracts on Belzutifan Plus Cabozantinib and Pembrolizumab Plus Lenvatinib

Toni K. Choueiri, MD, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, and Laurence Albiges, MD, PhD, of France’s Gustave Roussy Cancer Centre, discuss results from two important trials presented at ESMO 2022: Cohort 1 of the LITESPARK-003 study of belzutifan plus cabozantinib as first-line treatment of...

lung cancer

Charles Swanton, PhD, on Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer Induced by Air Pollution

Charles Swanton, PhD, of The Francis Crick Institute, discusses a newly discovered mechanism of action for air pollution–induced non–small cell lung cancer in which particles linked to climate change appear to promote cancerous changes. The finding might pave the way for new potential approaches to ...

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