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lymphoma
immunotherapy

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH

The moderator of the session, Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor at the BC Cancer Centre for Lymphoid Cancer and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, called the results of the TRANSFORM trial “quite remarkable” and said chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has the...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

TRANSFORM: Lisocabtagene Maraleucel Improves Outcomes in Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy with lisocabtagene maraleucel could prove to be the new standard-of-care treatment for patients with relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma in the second-line setting, according to data presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH)...

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH

Press conference moderator, Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, of the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, noted, that her center participated in the single-arm trial of mosunetuzumab. “We witnessed first-hand the tremendous capacity bispecific antibodies have to make a real difference in...

lymphoma

Mosunetuzumab Meets Primary Endpoint of Phase II Trial in Relapsed or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma

The bispecific antibody mosunetuzumab achieved deep and durable remissions as monotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma, according to the results of a pivotal phase II trial presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition.1 In ...

Expert Point of View: Jane N. Winter, MD and Christopher R. Flowers, MD, MS

Jane N. Winter, MD, Professor of Medicine at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine and the 2022 President of the American Society of Hematology (ASH), and Christopher R. Flowers, MD, MS, Chair of the Department of Lymphoma/Myeloma at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer...

lymphoma

POLARIX: Addition of Polatuzumab Vedotin-piiq to Standard of Care Significantly Reduces Progression of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As a first-line treatment of inter-mediate- or high-risk diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, the addition of the antibody-drug conjugate polatuzumab vedotin-piiq to standard-of-care therapy resulted in a 27% reduction in the relative risk of disease progression, relapse, or death, with a similar safety...

Expert Point of View: Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH and Alex Herrera, MD

Laurie H. Sehn, MD, MPH, Clinical Professor with the BC Cancer Centre for Lymphoid Cancer and University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, and Alex Herrera, MD, Associate Professor in Hematology and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation at the Beckman Research Institute of City of Hope,...

lymphoma

ZUMA-7: Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Quadruples Event-Free Survival in Large B-Cell Lymphoma

In the primary analysis of the phase III ZUMA-7 trial, examining second-line therapy for relapsed or refractory large B-cell lymphoma, the CAR T-cell therapy axicabtagene ciloleucel led to a fourfold increase in event-free survival over the standard of care. These findings were presented at the...

lymphoma

Dual PI3Kδ/CK1ε Inhibitor Umbralisib in Relapsed or Refractory Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Nathan H. Fowler, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and colleagues, a phase IIb trial (UNITY-NHL) has shown that the dual PI3Kδ/casein kinase (CK)1ε inhibitor umbralisib produced durable responses in patients with relapsed...

lymphoma

Addition of Copanlisib to Rituximab Improves Progression-Free Survival in Relapsed Indolent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Matthew J. Matasar, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III CHRONOS-3 trial has shown that the addition of the pan-class I PI3K inhibitor copanlisib to rituximab significantly improved progression-free survival vs rituximab ...

Expert Point of View: Susan M. O’Brien, MD

The GAIA trial raises some important points, according to Susan M. O’Brien, MD, Associate Director for Clinical Research at the UCI Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center in Irvine, California. Dr. O’Brien co-moderated the session where Dr. Eichhorst presented study results. “The CLL14 trial...

leukemia

Improved Outcomes With Time-Limited Venetoclax Combinations vs Chemoimmunotherapy in Fit Patients With CLL

Administering time-limitedcombination regimens of venetoclax plus obinutuzumab or venetoclax plus obinutuzumab and ibrutinib was superior to chemoimmunotherapy in achieving undetectable measurable residual disease (MRD) in the peripheral blood at month 15 in fit patients with chronic lymphocytic...

leukemia

Expert Point of View: Joshua Brody, MD

Joshua Brody, MD, Director of the CLL/Lymphoma Immunotherapy Program, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, who was not involved in these trials, commented: “CLL is an extremely prevalent disease affecting nearly 200,000 patients in the United States. Most patient do not require...

leukemia

Fixed-Duration Venetoclax Plus Ibrutinib Achieves Deep and Durable MRD Remissions in CLL

Two different trials presented at the 2021 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting & Exposition found that fixed-duration treatment with ibrutinib and venetoclax achieved deep and sustained undetectable measurable residual disease (MRD) status when used as first-line therapy for...

lymphoma
leukemia

Zanubrutinib Superior to Ibrutinib for CLL/SLL in Phase III ALPINE Trial

Zanubrutinib, a second-generation Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, significantly improved response rates and delayed disease progression as compared with the standard of care, ibrutinib, in patients with relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma...

Expert Point of View: Jacqueline C. Barrientos, MD, MS

Invited study discussant Jacqueline C. Barrientos, MD, MS, of Northwell Health Cancer Institute, Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Great Neck, New York, commented: “The BTK [Bruton’s tyrosine kinase] inhibitors ibrutinib and acalabrutinib, along with the BCL2 inhibitor venetoclax, are ...

leukemia

ELEVATE-RR Trial: Acalabrutinib as Effective as Ibrutinib, With Fewer Cardiac Effects, in Resistant CLL

Acalabrutinib was equally efficacious with less toxicity when compared directly with ibrutinib in patients with previously treated relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), according to the results of an open-label, randomized, noninferiority phase III trial presented at the 2021...

gynecologic cancers

Deborah K. Armstrong, MD, on the Rationale for Intraperitoneal Treatment of Ovarian Cancer

Abstract discussant Deborah K. Armstrong, MD, of Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center Baltimore, elucidated the rationale for intraperitoneal (IP) treatment, which is the peritoneal pharmacokinetic advantage for many drugs used in ovarian cancer, including carboplatin, as used in the iPocc trial.1 In ...

gynecologic cancers

Intraperitoneal Carboplatin Plus Paclitaxel vs Intravenous Chemotherapy in Ovarian Cancer

When compared with intravenous (IV) chemotherapy, the use of intraperitoneal (IP) carboplatin with dose-dense weekly paclitaxel improved progression-free survival in patients with ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal carcinoma, according to data presented at the 2022 Society of...

supportive care

Can AI Assist in Predicting Spinal Fractures in Patients With Cancer?

A new study published by Ahmadian et al in the International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering suggests how scientists may use artificial intelligence (AI) to predict how cancer may affect the probability of fractures along the spinal column. The report described how the...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Consolidation Durvalumab Alone or Combined With Oleclumab or Monalizumab for Unresectable Stage III NSCLC

In an interim analysis of the phase II COAST trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Roy S. Herbst, MD, PhD, FACP, FASCO, and colleagues found that consolidation durvalumab in combination with the anti-CD73 antibody oleclumab or anti-NKG2A antibody monalizumab both improved objective...

kidney cancer
immunotherapy

Lenvatinib/Pembrolizumab vs Sunitinib in Patients With Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: Health-Related Quality-of-Life Outcomes

In a study reported in The Lancet Oncology, Robert Motzer, MD, and colleagues found that patients with previously untreated advanced renal cell carcinoma receiving lenvatinib/pembrolizumab had similar or favorable health-related quality of life scores and prolonged time to definitive deterioration...

lung cancer

Segmentectomy vs Lobectomy in Small-Sized Peripheral NSCLC

In a Japanese phase III trial (JCOG0802/WJOG4607L) reported in The Lancet, Saji et al found that segmentectomy was both noninferior and superior to lobectomy as measured by overall survival in patients with small-sized peripheral non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Study Details In the open-label...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

FDA Grants Regular Approval to Fam-Trastuzumab Deruxtecan-nxki for Unresectable or Metastatic HER2-Positive Breast Cancer

On May 4, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (Enhertu) for pretreated adult patients with unresectable or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer. According to the approval, patients had to have received a prior anti-HER2–based regimen either in the...

issues in oncology
genomics/genetics

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, on Transforming Patient Outcomes: The Future of Cancer Research

Charles L. Sawyers, MD, of Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, discusses the battle against treatment resistance and how to overcome it, as well as the power of observational clinical data in precision oncology, derived largely from his experience with Project GENIE, and the role of genetic...

lung cancer

Study Examines Link Between Emphysema and Lung Cancer Risk

Computed tomography (CT)-detected emphysema may be linked to a higher risk of lung cancer, a risk that increases with emphysema severity, according to a new study published by Yang et al in the journal Radiology. Lung cancer is the primary cause of cancer-related death worldwide. However, lung...

gynecologic cancers

Topical Imiquimod vs Surgery for Vulvar High-Grade Squamous Intraepithelial Neoplasia

In an Austrian phase III trial reported in The Lancet, Trutnovsky et al found that topical imiquimod was noninferior to surgery as measured by complete clinical response in patients with vulvar high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions. Study Details In the multicenter trial, 107 evaluable...

pancreatic cancer
immunotherapy

SBRT Plus Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Refractory Metastatic Pancreatic Cancer

In the Danish single-institution phase II CheckPAC study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chen et al found that the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab plus stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) improved the clinical benefit rate vs nivolumab plus SBRT in patients with refractory...

prostate cancer

SWOG-1216: Orteronel vs Bicalutamide With ADT for Metastatic Hormone-Sensitive Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Neeraj Agarwal, MD, and colleagues, the phase III SWOG-1216 trial showed no significant improvement in overall survival—the study’s primary endpoint—with orteronel plus androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) vs bicalutamide plus ADT in patients with...

immunotherapy
solid tumors

Study Reports New Potential Target for CAR T-Cell Therapy

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy has made an impact on the treatment of certain blood cancers, but in clinical study, the cellular therapy has not been as successful for patients with solid tumors, due in part to the lack of tumor targets not expressed in vital tissues. In a new study ...

survivorship

Do AYA Cancer Survivors Face a Higher Risk of Developing and Dying From a New Primary Cancer?

New findings published by Hyuna Sung, PhD, and colleagues in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute showed that 5-year survivors of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer in the United States have a higher risk of developing—and nearly double the risk of dying from—a new primary cancer,...

gynecologic cancers

Cemiplimab-rwlc Improves Overall Survival vs Chemotherapy in Recurrent Cervical Cancer After First-Line Platinum-Based Chemotherapy

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Krishnansu S. Tewari, MD, of the Division of Gynecologic Oncology, University of California, Irvine, and colleagues, the phase III EMPOWER-Cervical1/GOG-3016/ENGOT-cx9 trial has shown improved overall survival with cemiplimab-rwlc vs...

breast cancer
immunotherapy

Demystifying Immunotherapy for Early-Stage Triple-Negative Breast Cancer

Immunotherapy has become a potential strategy in treating triple-negative breast cancer, though many questions remain to be answered before long-term survival is achieved by all patients. This exciting field of breast cancer research was explored at the 2022 Miami Breast Cancer Conference by...

gynecologic cancers

Research Suggests Over Half of Eligible Women Would Prefer Self-Sampling for Cervical Screening

According to the results of a new study published by Drysdale et al in the Journal of Medical Screening, 51.4% of women preferred self-sampling for human papillomavirus (HPV)-based cervical cancer screening, compared to 36.5% who preferred being tested by a clinician. The findings came from a...

issues in oncology

ASCO’s CancerLinQ® and Atropos Health Collaborate to Harness Real-World Data to Provide Point-of-Care Informatics Consult to Oncologists

ASCO’s CancerLinQ® and Atropos Health announced today a new collaboration that will provide oncology clinicians with the latest real-world evidence available to help inform personalized care and treatment of an individual patient.Atropos Health and CancerLinQ will work together to provide a...

breast cancer
issues in oncology

Case Study Examines Differences Between AI and Radiologist Perception in Breast Cancer Screening

Radiologists and artificial intelligence (AI) systems yield significant differences in breast cancer screenings, a team of researchers has found. The case study by Makino et al, which appears in the journal Nature Scientific Reports, reveals the potential value of using both human and AI methods in ...

colorectal cancer

Concordance With Pretreatment Staging Imaging Guidelines in Rectal Cancer: ASCO QOPI Findings

In an analysis from the ASCO Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI) reported in JCO Oncology Practice, Chen et al found that a high proportion of patients with rectal cancer do not receive guideline-recommended pretreatment staging transrectal ultrasound or pelvic magnetic resonance imaging...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Long-Term Increase in Cancer Risk After High Childhood BMI

Men who had a high body mass index (BMI) as children are at an elevated risk of obesity-related cancer later in life, even if their weight was normal in young adulthood, according to a new study from researchers at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. Célind et al published their findings in the...

gynecologic cancers

Patient-Reported Outcomes and Toxicity With Adjuvant Stereotactic Pelvic Radiation Therapy in Uterine Cancers

In the Canadian phase I/II SPARTACUS study reported in JAMA Oncology, Leung et al found very low rates of severe genitourinary and gastrointestinal toxicity and worsening in only one patient-reported outcome domain among women receiving adjuvant stereotactic hypofractionated pelvic radiation...

issues in oncology

Cancer Screening Accessibility Among Native Americans

In a scientific e-poster presented during the 2022 American Roentgen Ray Society Annual Meeting in New Orleans, Peña et al noted that American Indian and Alaskan Native populations have nearly three times higher incidence rates of lung and colorectal cancer than other ethnic groups. These patterns...

issues in oncology

Cancer Rates Declining in Canada, but Cases and Deaths Increasing Because of Demographic Factors

Overall cancer rates in Canada are declining, but the number of cases and deaths are increasing slightly because of population growth and an aging population, according to a new study published by Brenner et al in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). The study is the result of a...

immunotherapy

Rates of Neurologic Adverse Events in Randomized Trials of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors in Patients With Cancer

In a meta-analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Farooq et al found that immune checkpoint inhibitor therapy for cancer was associated with a lower risk of neurologic adverse events compared with treatment with other agents overall in randomized trials comparing immune checkpoint inhibitors with...

leukemia

Addition of Ivosidenib to Azacitidine in Newly Diagnosed IDH1-Mutated Acute Myeloid Leukemia

In the phase III AGILE trial reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, Montesinos et al found that the addition of ivosidenib to azacitidine in induction therapy significantly prolonged event-free survival in patients with newly diagnosed IDH1-mutated acute myeloid leukemia. An overall...

issues in oncology

Patients With Cancer Face Greater Risks From Abdominal Aneurysm Repair

Elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with a cancer diagnosis is associated with several poor postoperative outcomes, according to a newly published study from researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine. Roush et al reported their findings in the Journal of...

gastroesophageal cancer
genomics/genetics

Study Identifies Genetic Changes in Patients With Barrett’s Esophagus That Progresses to Esophageal Cancer

Using whole-genome sequencing to contrast genomic alterations in patients with stable Barrett’s esophagus compared to patients whose Barrett’s progressed to esophageal adenocarcinoma, Paulson et al reported that DNA changes presaging esophageal cancer can be spotted years before cancer develops....

issues in oncology

Increased Risk of Cancer in Early Life Among Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders

In the largest and most detailed population-based cohort study to date, researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm found that individuals with autism spectrum disorders, when present with comorbid intellectual disability and/or birth defects, were at a higher risk of cancer in early...

issues in oncology
immunotherapy

Gut Microbiome May Alter Response to Cancer Therapy

Recent findings with the use of sequencing technology have suggested that the gut microbiome may play a role in the treatment of cancer. A review paper published in JAMA Oncology by Liu and Shah captured the current understanding of the connection between the gut microbiome and therapeutic response ...

breast cancer

Switch to Maintenance Endocrine Therapy Plus Bevacizumab After First-Line Paclitaxel/Bevacizumab Induction in Advanced Estrogen Receptor–Positive, HER2-Negative Breast Cancer

In the Japanese phase II BOOSTER trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Saji et al found that compared with continuing paclitaxel/bevacizumab, a maintenance strategy of switching to endocrine therapy plus bevacizumab (with the option of reinitiating paclitaxel/bevacizumab) was associated with a...

breast cancer

Long-Term Quality-of-Life Measures in Women Undergoing Breast Conservation vs Mastectomy and Reconstruction for Early Breast Cancer

In a study reported in JAMA Surgery, Hanson et al found no difference in long-term satisfaction with breasts among women with early breast cancer who underwent breast-conserving surgery with radiation therapy vs mastectomy and breast reconstruction without radiation therapy. Women who underwent...

issues in oncology

How to Get the Dose Right

OCE Insights is an occasional column developed for The ASCO Post by members of the Oncology Center of Excellence (OCE) at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). In this installment, Mirat Shah, MD, of the Office of Oncologic Diseases, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, FDA; Atiqur...

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