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A Physicist Father Inspired a Love of Science in Oncology Researcher Stanton L. Gerson, MD

In this installment of the Living a Full Life series, Guest Editor Jame Abraham, MD, FACP, spoke with Stanton (“Stan”) L. Gerson, MD, Dean and Senior Vice President for Medical Affairs, School of Medicine, and Acting Director of the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center and National Center for...

integrative oncology

Exercise Therapy Across the Cancer Care Continuum

Guest Editor’s Note: Several studies have shown that regular physical activity helps to reduce the symptom burden and improve disease-related outcomes in patients with cancer. In this article, Jessica M. Scott, PhD, and Neil M. Iyengar, MD, summarize the current evidence surrounding exercise...

lymphoma
immunotherapy

Changing the Algorithm for Relapsed or Refractory Large B-Cell Lymphomas

Despite a significant potential for cure, relapsed and refractory large B-cell lymphomas (LBCL) comprise the most common cause of lymphoma-related mortality. Sequential relapses reflect the limits of repeated exposure to chemotherapy, even when delivered at high doses. More than 30 years ago,...

issues in oncology

Diversify Cancer Clinical Trials With New Recruitment and Retention Resources

ASCO and the Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC) jointly released two resources to help research sites increase racial and ethnic equity, diversity, and inclusion (EDI) in cancer clinical trials. The Just ASK™ Increasing Diversity in Cancer Clinical Research: An ACCC-ASCO Training...

lymphoma

Determining Prognosis in Aggressive Lymphomas: Integrating Liquid Biopsy Into Imaging Assessment

The incorporation of blood-based measurements—ie, “liquid biopsies”—into imaging assessment may refine the accuracy of prognosis in aggressive lymphomas, as described by David Kurtz, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor in the Division of Oncology, Stanford University Medical Center, in a talk at the 2022...

Expert Point of View: Chia Puey Ling, MBBS, MMed, MRCP, FRACP, PhD

Discussant of the exploratory analysis of the POSEIDON trial, Chia Puey Ling, MBBS, MMed, MRCP, FRACP, PhD, a medical oncologist at Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, noted that although 30% of the mutation-evaluable population had KRAS mutations, only a small percentage of patients had co-mutated...

lymphoma

Axicabtagene Ciloleucel Improves Event-Free Survival vs Standard Care in Second-Line Treatment for Large B-Cell Lymphoma

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Frederick L. Locke, MD, of the Department of Blood and Marrow Transplant and Cellular Immunotherapy, H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center, Tampa, Florida, and colleagues, the phase III ZUMA-7 trial in large B-cell lymphoma has shown improved event-free...

lung cancer

Exploratory Analysis of POSEIDON: Chemoimmunotherapy Regimen May Offer Survival Benefit in Subgroups of Metastatic NSCLC

The addition of the CTLA-4 inhibitor tremelimumab to durvalumab and chemotherapy in the first-line setting has already demonstrated an overall survival and progression-free survival benefit vs chemotherapy alone in patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). According to data...

global cancer care
geriatric oncology

Geriatric Oncology and Hematology in Singapore

Globally, the population is aging, with the number of people aged 60 and older projected to double from 1 billion worldwide in 2020 to 2.1 billion by 2050. Given the aging population, coupled with the risk of cancer increasing with age, an exponential rise in cases of older adults diagnosed with...

multiple myeloma
immunotherapy

Patients With Multiple Myeloma May Face CAR T-Cell Shortages

From microchips to automobiles, people in the United States are experiencing shortages of all kinds of products, and oncology treatments are no exception. In particular, shortages related to chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy have been reported, most acutely, for B-cell maturation...

lung cancer

Trastuzumab Deruxtecan for Advanced HER2-Mutant NSCLC

On August 11, 2022, fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki was granted accelerated approval for unresectable or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with tumors that have activating HER2 mutations, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved test and who have received a...

Loïc Le Marchand, MD, PhD, MPH, Awarded 2022 AACR Lectureship on Science of Cancer Health Disparities

The American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) has announced Loïc Le Marchand, MD, PhD, MPH, as the recipient of the 2022 AACR Distinguished Lectureship on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities. Dr. Le Marchand presented his award lecture, “Translating Multiethnic Epidemiological Research...

lung cancer

Capmatinib for Metastatic NSCLC With MET Exon 14 Skipping Mutation

On August 10, 2022, capmatinib was granted regular approval for patients with metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with tumors having a mutation leading to mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) exon 14 skipping, as detected by a U.S. Food and Drug Administration–approved test.1...

solid tumors

Practice-Changing Studies, Important New Data, and More Clinical Oncology News From ESMO 2022, Paris

The European Society For Medical Oncology (ESMO) launched its annual congress, held September 9–13, 2022, just as this issue of The ASCO Post was going to press. Watch upcoming issues for comprehensive coverage of the live congress, following 2 years of virtual meetings and remote presentations due ...

Expert Point of View: Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD

Abstract discussant Anand Devaraj, MD, PhD, a thoracic radiologist at Royal Brompton and Harefield hospitals, and Professor of Thoracic Radiology at the National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London, noted that both the Nederlands-Leuvens Longkanker Screenings Onderzoek (NELSON) trial...

lung cancer

NELSON vs NLST: Nodule Management Based on Volumetry Shows Increased Benefits

Lung cancer screening has been shown to significantly reduce lung cancer mortality, but some management protocols have more benefit than others, according to data presented at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer 2022 World Conference on Lung Cancer (WCLC).1 Although the...

Expert Point of View: Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD

Discussant of the IMpower010 abstract, Benjamin Besse, MD, PhD, Professor and Head of Clinical Research at Institute Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France, said there is enough evidence to use adjuvant immunotherapy in stage II–IIIA resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), calling the increased...

lung cancer

IMpower010: Early Survival Data Favor Atezolizumab Over Best Supportive Care in Resected NSCLC With PD-L1 Expression ≥ 50%

Early results from the IMpower010 trial showed an overall survival trend favoring adjuvant atezolizumab vs best supportive care for patients with PD-L1–positive (tumor expression ≥ 1%), stage II–IIIA (UICC/AJCC staging system, 7th ed), resected non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). These data were...

issues in oncology

What the Supreme Court’s Abortion Decision Means for Patients With Cancer and Their Clinicians

On June 24, 2022, the Supreme Court ruled in Dobbs v Jackson Women’s Health Organization (Dobbs)1 and overturned Roe v Wade and Planned Parenthood v Casey, which recognized a federal constitutional right to end a pregnancy up to the point of viability. This decision opened the door for states to...

Expert Point of View: Kara N. Maxwell, MD, PhD

Abstract discussant Kara N. Maxwell, MD, PhD, Assistant Professor of Medicine and Genetics at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, highlighted evidence showing that some lung cancer is inherited. The Nordic Twin Study identified an 18% heritability of lung cancer, she said,...

lung cancer

Is Germline Testing Warranted for All Patients With Lung Cancer?

Germline testing may be warranted for all patients with lung cancer, according to research presented during the August 2022 ASCO Plenary Series by Renato G. Martins, MD, MPH, Chair of Hematology Oncology and Palliative Care at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center, Richmond.1 The...

Expert Point of View: Corinne Faivre-Finn, MD, PhD and Masahiro Tsuboi, MD

The first discussant of the NADIM II study, Corinne Faivre-Finn, MD, PhD, Professor of Thoracic Radiation Oncology, University of Manchester, and Honorary Consultant Clinical Oncologist at The Christie NHS Foundation Trust, Manchester, England, called the results “very impressive” but noted that...

lung cancer

NADIM Trial: Neoadjuvant Chemoimmunotherapy Improved Survival in Resectable, Stage IIIA NSCLC

In patients with resectable, stage IIIA non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the addition of neoadjuvant nivolumab to platinum-based chemotherapy significantly improved overall survival compared with neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone, according to data presented by Mariano Provencio, MD, PhD, at the...

ESMO 2022: Updates in Breast Cancer

On this episode, we’re highlighting speakers who presented data in breast cancer during the ESMO Congress 2022. The first speaker discusses patterns of genomic instability in metastatic breast cancer, and the second touches on oncofertility care for young patients with breast cancer.

colorectal cancer
immunotherapy

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, on Colorectal Cancer: Recent Findings on Avelumab vs Standard Second-Line Chemotherapy

Julien Taïeb, MD, PhD, of Paris Descartes University, discusses phase II results from the SAMCO-PRODIGE 54 trial, which shows the efficacy and safety of avelumab in the second-line treatment of patients with deficient DNA mismatch–repair microsatellite-instability metastatic colorectal cancer....

issues in oncology

AACR Cancer Progress Report 2022 Shows Cancer Mortality Rates Continue to Decline, but Challenges Remain

Advances in more effective treatment and early detection diagnostics, coupled with reductions in smoking rates, have resulted in a 32% decline in cancer mortality in the United States since 1991, translating into nearly 3.5 million lives saved, according to the newly released American Association...

solid tumors
genomics/genetics

Selpercatinib in RET Fusion–Positive Solid Tumors Other Than Lung or Thyroid Malignancies

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Vivek Subbiah, MD, and colleagues, the phase I/II LIBRETTO-001 basket trial has shown that the RET kinase inhibitor selpercatinib demonstrated activity in patients with RET fusion–positive solid tumors in an analysis excluding lung and thyroid cancers. Findings ...

September 24 Is World Cancer Research Day

September 24 is World Cancer Research Day, an initiative organized by a collaboration of professional societies, research organizations, and other institutions. In advance of the event, the following declaration was published in order to outline the goals of the initiative: Cancer is projected to...

leukemia

Conditioning With Busulfan/Cyclophosphamide vs Total-Body Irradiation/Cyclophosphamide for B-Cell ALL

In a Chinese phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Zhang et al found that conditioning with busulfan plus cyclophosphamide (BuCy) was noninferior to total-body irradiation plus cyclophosphamide (TBI-Cy) in 2-year overall survival among adult patients with standard-risk...

colorectal cancer

Study Shows Many Patients Prefer Stool Test to Colonoscopy for Colorectal Cancer Screening

Three-quarters of surveyed people preferred to do a fecal immunochemical test (FIT) rather than undergo a colonoscopy for their regular colorectal cancer screening, according to a new Cedars-Sinai study published by Makaroff et al in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. “One of the big issues...

colorectal cancer

Precision Physical Activity Prescriptions May Improve Survival in Patients With Stage III Colon Cancer

Physical activity may be associated with improved outcomes for patients undergoing postoperative treatment for stage III colon cancer, according to findings from a new study out of Pennington Biomedical Research Center published by Brown et al in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. The study assessed ...

lung cancer
pain management

New, Long-Term Opioid Use After Lung Cancer Surgery Linked to Reduced 2-Year Survival

New, long-term use of opioids after lung cancer surgery was linked to a 40% increased risk of death from any cause within the following 2 years, according to findings published by Oh et al in the journal Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine. Persistent postoperative pain has been reported in up...

colorectal cancer

MSI-High Rectal Adenocarcinoma

This is Part 4 of Updates in Colorectal Cancer, a four-part video roundtable series. Scroll down to watch the other videos from this Roundtable.     In this video, Drs. Cathy Eng, Arvind Dasari, and Smitha Krishnamurthi discuss the management of microsatellite instability (MSI)-high rectal...

colorectal cancer

HER2-Positive Colorectal Cancer

This is Part 3 of Updates in Colorectal Cancer, a four-part video roundtable series. Scroll down to watch the other videos from this Roundtable.     In this video, Drs. Cathy Eng, Arvind Dasari, and Smitha Krishnamurthi discuss the management of HER2-positive colorectal cancer. The patient is a...

colorectal cancer

Role of Neoadjuvant Therapy in T4 Colon Cancer

This is Part 2 of Updates in Colorectal Cancer, a four-part video roundtable series. Scroll down to watch the other videos from this Roundtable.     In this video, Drs. Cathy Eng, Arvind Dasari, and Smitha Krishnamurthi discuss the role of neoadjuvant therapy in T4 colon cancer. The patient a...

colorectal cancer

Role of Circulating Tumor DNA in Early-Stage Colon Cancer

This is Part 1 of Updates in Colorectal Cancer, a four-part video roundtable series. Scroll down to watch the other videos from this Roundtable.     In this video, Drs. Cathy Eng, Arvind Dasari, and Smitha Krishnamurthi discuss the role of circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) in early-stage colon cancer....

kidney cancer

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, on RCC: Data on Bempegaldesleukin Plus Nivolumab vs Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Untreated Disease

Nizar M. Tannir, MD, of The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, discusses phase III findings from the PIVOT-09 study, which compared bempegaldesleukin plus nivolumab with the investigator’s choice of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor (either sunitinib or cabozantinib) in patients with...

gynecologic cancers

Pafolacianine for Intraoperative Imaging of Folate Receptor–Positive Ovarian Cancer

In a phase III trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Janos L. Tanyi, MD, PhD, and colleagues found that use of pafolacianine infusion for intraoperative imaging improved the detection of lesions in patients with folate receptor–positive ovarian cancer, compared with using white light...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Adjuvant Pembrolizumab in Patients With Completely Resected Stage IB to IIIA NSCLC

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by O’Brien et al, the second interim analysis of the phase III PEARLS/KEYNOTE-091 trial has shown significantly improved disease-free survival with adjuvant pembrolizumab vs placebo in patients with completely resected stage IB to IIIA non-small cell lung cancer...

genomics/genetics

Selpercatinib Approved for Locally Advanced or Metastatic RET Fusion–Positive Solid Tumors

On September 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to selpercatinib (Retevmo) for adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors with a rearranged during transfection (RET) gene fusion and disease progression on or following prior systemic...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

FDA Approves Selpercatinib for Locally Advanced or Metastatic RET Fusion–Positive NSCLC

On September 21, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted regular approval to selpercatinib (Retevmo) for adult patients with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with a RET gene fusion (as detected by an FDA-approved test). The FDA also approved the Oncomine ...

skin cancer

New Imaging Technique May Improve Accuracy of Basal Cell Carcinoma Diagnosis

A novel imaging technique may significantly improve the accuracy of the diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) compared to clinical and dermoscopic examinations alone, according to new research presented at the 31st European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (EADV) Congress. The study found...

issues in oncology

Housing Instability and Risk of Mortality in Patients With Cancer

Little is known about patients with cancer’s social welfare and how it affects their health outcomes. To address this, researchers at University of California (UC) San Diego School of Medicine and partnering institutions assessed the prevalence and impact of various social risk factors in patients...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Neoadjuvant Atezolizumab May Be Safe, Effective Option for Localized Non–Small Cell Lung Cancer

New data show that the immuno-oncology drug atezolizumab may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with stage IB to IIIB non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) prior to surgery, according to a study led by researchers with The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center–Arthur G. James...

skin cancer
immunotherapy

Adjuvant Nivolumab With or Without Ipilimumab in Patients With Resected Stage IV Melanoma With No Evidence of Disease

As reported in The Lancet by Livingstone et al, the final analysis of the German phase II IMMUNED trial showed significantly improved recurrence-free survival with adjuvant nivolumab/ipilimumab and nivolumab alone vs placebo in patients with resected stage IV melanoma who had no evidence of disease ...

colorectal cancer

Association of Distance to Treatment Facility, U.S. Region, and Insurance Status With Diagnosis of Advanced Colon Cancer

In a National Cancer Database analysis reported in JAMA Network Open, Brand et al found that patients with colon cancer who lived farther from their treatment facility and those with no insurance or Medicaid alone were more likely to present with advanced-stage disease. As stated by the...

colorectal cancer
genomics/genetics

ctDNA Analysis of Acquired EGFR Resistance Alterations With First-Line Cetuximab Plus Chemotherapy in Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

In a circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) substudy from the CALGB/SWOG-80405/Alliance trial reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Kanwal Raghav, MD, MBBS, and colleagues found that first-line use of the anti-EGFR antibody cetuximab combined with chemotherapy was associated with only a small number ...

pancreatic cancer

Preclinical Study Finds New Synthetic Lethal Agent Could Be Potential Treatment for Pancreatic Cancer

Researchers at The Marvin and Concetta Greenberg Pancreatic Cancer Institute at Fox Chase Cancer Center have found that a new synthetic lethal agent could be an effective treatment for pancreatic cancers with DNA damage repair (DDR) defects. Igor Astsaturov, MD, PhD, a co-director of the Institute...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Cancer Mortality Rates Correlate With Geography as Well as Known Behavioral Risk Factors

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found that risk factors historically linked to cancer mortality vary regionally across the lower 48 United States—such that they believe those differences should be considered in developing tailored public-health interventions. Dong et al...

ASCO Announces Election Candidates, Voting Opens on November 2

The ASCO Nominating Committee has selected 11 distinguished members as candidates for open leadership positions within the Society. Voting members are urged to vote in the election beginning November 2, 2022. Voting will close on December 6, 2022. President-Elect (4-year term) Robin Zon, MD, FACP, ...

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