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prostate cancer

Hypofractionated Postoperative Prostate Bed Radiotherapy Does Not Increase Patient-Reported Toxicity for Men With Prostate Cancer

A primary endpoint analysis of the NRG Oncology phase III NRG-GU003 clinical trial, which compared hypofractionated postoperative prostate bed radiotherapy (HYPORT) to conventional postprostatectomy radiotherapy (COPORT) for men with prostate cancer, determined that treatment with HYPORT yielded no ...

breast cancer
genomics/genetics
issues in oncology

Survey of U.S. Oncologists on Genetic Counseling and Testing for Black Women With Breast Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ademuyiwa et al, a survey of U.S. breast oncologists showed that physicians believe that Black women with breast cancer face more barriers to genetic counseling and testing compared to White women with breast cancer. Study Details The study...

colorectal cancer

Study Finds Similar Survival Rates Among Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer Younger and Older Than Age 50

Even though patients with metastatic colorectal cancer younger than age 50 years tend to be more fit and receive more intensive treatment than older patients, both groups survive for roughly the same amount of time, according to a study published by Lipsyc-Sharf et al in the Journal of the National ...

leukemia
genomics/genetics

Addition of Enasidenib to Azacitidine in Newly Diagnosed IDH2-Mutant Acute Myeloid Leukemia

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Courtney D. DiNardo, MD, and colleagues, an interim analysis of the phase II portion of a phase Ib/II trial (AG221-AML-005) showed that the addition of the oral mutant IDH2 protein inhibitor enasidenib to azacitidine significantly improved overall response rate ...

lung cancer
immunotherapy

Nivolumab for Relapsed Malignant Mesothelioma: Improvements in Progression-Free and Overall Survival

In the phase III CONFIRM trial reported in The Lancet Oncology, Dean A. Fennell, FRCP, PhD, and colleagues found that nivolumab improved progression-free and overall survival vs placebo in patients with relapsed malignant mesothelioma. In October 2020, the combination of nivolumab and ipilimumab...

breast cancer
immunotherapy
symptom management

Youssef Zeidan, MD, PhD, on HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: Treatment-Related Cardiotoxicity

Youssef Zeidan, MD, PhD, of Florida International University and the Lynn Cancer Institute, discusses the advances in radiotherapy planning and delivery that have reduced cardiac radiation exposure in patients with HER2-positive breast cancer who are treated with radiotherapy and trastuzumab...

head and neck cancer

David A. Palma, MD, PhD, on HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Radiotherapy vs Surgery

David A. Palma, MD, PhD, of Ontario’s London Health Sciences Centre, discusses results of the ORATOR2 study, which compared two treatment options that could be de-escalated for patients with HPV-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: a lower-dose radiation approach (6 weeks instead of 7, ...

prostate cancer

Phase III Trial Evaluates Efficacy of Total Androgen Suppression Plus Dose-Escalated Radiotherapy for Patients With Intermediate-Risk Prostate Cancer

Both dose-escalated radiation therapy and short-course androgen-deprivation therapy (SADT) have been shown to improve outcomes in patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer. Researchers then posed a new question—is giving both modalities upfront to newly diagnosed patients of benefit? Findings ...

hepatobiliary cancer

Study Examines Use of External-Beam Radiotherapy as a Bridging Therapy for Patients With HCC Awaiting Transplant

Patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) awaiting liver transplantation may benefit from noninvasive treatment with external-beam radiotherapy (EBRT) but are rarely given this therapy, according to a new analysis of U.S. national data. Findings were presented by Nima Nabavizadeh, MD, at the...

sarcoma

Addition of Vincristine, Topotecan, and Cyclophosphamide to Five-Drug Interval-Compressed Chemotherapy for Ewing Sarcoma

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Leavey et al, the phase III Children’s Oncology Group AEWS1031 trial showed no improvement in event-free or overall survival with the addition of vincristine, topotecan, and cyclophosphamide (VTC) to standard five-drug interval-compressed...

Expert Point of View: Pierre Laurent-Puig, MD

The invited discussant of the FOCUS4-C trial was Pierre Laurent-Puig, MD, Professor of Medicine, Université de Paris, Institut du Cancer Paris CARPEM. According to Dr. Laurent-Puig, the “promising results” for the WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib in colorectal cancer in the FOCUS4-C trial could apply to ...

colorectal cancer

FOCUS4-C Trial: Hint of Activity Reported With Adavosertib in Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The novel WEE1 inhibitor adavosertib, given after induction chemotherapy, yielded a 65% reduction in the risk of disease progression or death compared with active monitoring in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer and TP53/RAS mutations, according to the randomized phase II FOCUS4-C trial....

issues in oncology

Baseline Health-Related Quality of Life and Outcomes in Patients With Advanced Cancer

In an analysis of SWOG clinical trials reported in JCO Oncology Practice, David Hui, MD, MS, MSc, and colleagues found that better baseline health-related quality of life was associated with better survival outcomes in patients with advanced cancer. Study Details The study involved a review of...

cost of care

Annual Report to the Nation, Part 2: Focus on Patient Economic Burden Associated With Cancer Care

Part 2 of the latest Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer—provided by the American Cancer Society, National Cancer Institute, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and North American Association of Central Cancer Registries—has found that patients with cancer in the United...

cns cancers
genomics/genetics

Diana D. Shi, MD, on IDH-Mutant Gliomas: De Novo Pyrmidine Synthesis Inhibitor Under Study

Diana D. Shi, MD, of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Brigham and Women’s Cancer Center, discusses studies being planned and already underway to test BAY 2402234, a de novo pyrimidine synthesis inhibitor that possibly could be used clinically to target IDH-mutant gliomas and may act as a...

solid tumors

Robert A. Olson, MD, on Oligometastases: New Data on Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy

Robert A. Olson, MD, of the University of British Columbia, discusses phase II findings from the SABR-5 trial on stereotactic ablative radiotherapy for up to five oligometastases. Although toxicity of liver and adrenal metastases warrants caution, the trial seemed to show that this type of...

colorectal cancer

Expert Point of View: Federica Di Nicolantonio, MD, PhD

“KRAS G12C inhibitors as monotherapy yield a relatively low overall response rate, but when you combine them with an EGFR [epidermal growth factor receptor] inhibitor, the response rate is nearly double,” said ­Federica Di Nicolantonio, MD, PhD, Professor of Oncology at the University of Turin in...

colorectal cancer

KRAS G12C Inhibitor Adagrasib Shows Activity in Colorectal Cancer

Adagrasib, a covalent inhibitor of KRAS G12C, combined with cetuximab, showed activity in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer in the phase I/II KRYSTAL-1 trial, as presented during a Presidential Symposium at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Congress 2021 by Jared Weiss, MD,...

issues in oncology

Study Finds Prior Authorization Costs Academic Radiation Oncology Clinics More Than $40 Million Every Year

The time required to secure prior authorization approvals for radiation therapy equates to a financial impact of more than $40 million annually for academic medical centers, according to a new study presented by Bingham et al at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual...

Expert Point of View: Arjun Gupta, MBBS

Moderator of the session on oncology drug pricing, Arjun Gupta, MBBS, Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of Minnesota Medical School, observed that generics alone may be insufficient to slow the astronomical rise of drug prices. “The general thinking has always been that generics...

breast cancer
lung cancer
issues in oncology

ACCURE Trial Aims to Eliminate Disparities in Survival in Black and White Patients With Early-Stage Lung and Breast Cancers

A study presented by Manning et al at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) Annual Meeting (Abstract 53) showed that interventions to help Black patients overcome obstacles to completion of treatment can impact disparities in survival outcomes between Black and White patients...

cost of care

Is Precision Oncology an Unsustainable Promise?

Despite the promise of precision oncology, the cost-effectiveness of targeted treatments remains open to debate. According to Aakash Desai, MD, MPH, there is an urgent need for drug-pricing reform, given the average expenditure of Medicare Part D. An analysis of the Medicare database presented...

prostate cancer

22-Gene Classifier Score May Allow for Personalization of Therapy in Patients With High-Risk Prostate Cancer

A 22-gene genomic classifier (the Decipher score) may be able to predict the course of disease in men with high-risk prostate cancer, according to a patient-level meta-analysis of three randomized clinical trials presented by Paul L. Nguyen, MD, at the 2021 American Society for Radiation Oncology...

issues in oncology

Study Examines Relationship Between Risk of Cancer and Age of Smoking Initiation/Cessation

Data from a new study showed that those who started to smoke at earlier ages have an elevated likelihood of dying from cancer. Those who began at the youngest ages (before age 10 years) had four times the cancer mortality rates in adulthood than those who had never smoked. However, individuals who...

kidney cancer

Is Cabozantinib Active in Treating Brain Metastases From Renal Cell Carcinoma?

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Hirsch et al found that cabozantinib showed substantial activity in treating brain metastases in patients with renal cell carcinoma. As stated by the investigators, “Patients with brain metastases from renal cell carcinoma have been...

multiple myeloma

Melphalan Flufenamide Withdrawn From the U.S. Market

On October 22, Oncopeptides announced its decision to withdraw melphalan flufenamide (Pepaxto), a first-in-class peptide-drug conjugate, from the market in the United States, following results from the phase III OCEAN study in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. The decision to...

lung cancer

Having Stage IV Lung Cancer Has Refocused My Life

The first indication I had stage IV lung cancer was a persistent cough during the beginning of the cold-and-flu season in the fall of 2013. I was 35 years old, never smoked, and in otherwise excellent health, so I ignored the cough for several months until I noticed my breathing had also become...

Clayton Dunklin Pruett, Business Professional, ASCO Member, Dies at Age 86

The delivery of high-quality cancer care relies on a vast network of dedicated experts, some of whom work assiduously behind the scenes, building and modernizing the very architecture on which the cancer community operates. One such person was Clayton Dunklin Pruett, an engineer by training, who...

MD Anderson and Siemens Healthineers Collaborate to Enable Consistent Clinical Implementation of Quantitative MRI

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and Siemens Healthineers recently announced the collaborative development of a global education program focused on enabling the implementation of consistent, high-quality magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in radiation oncology. The program will...

lymphoma

Zanubrutinib for Relapsed or Refractory Marginal Zone Lymphoma

On September 14, 2021, the Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor zanubrutinib was granted accelerated approval for adults with relapsed or refractory marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) who have had at least one prior anti-CD20–based regimen.1 Supporting Efficacy Data  Approval was based on findings in the...

MSK Launches New Center to Expand Commitment to Meeting the Unique Needs of Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer

Although overall cancer cases are declining, they are on the rise in older adolescents and young adults (AYAs). Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) recently announced the establishment of the Lisa and Scott Stuart Center for Adolescent and Young Adult Cancers (the Stuart Center), expanding ...

integrative oncology

Acupuncture vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Cognitive Function in Cancer Survivors With Insomnia

Guest Editor’s Note: Cancer-related cognitive difficulties, experienced by many cancer survivors, include perceived or objective deficits in memory, attention, and concentration, which can negatively impact quality of life. Given the important role that healthful sleep plays in cognitive processes, ...

colorectal cancer

FDA Expands Cetuximab Label for Encorafenib Combination in BRAF V600E Mutation–Positive Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted approval of a new indication for the EGFR inhibitor cetuximab (Erbitux) in combination with encorafenib (Braftovi) for the treatment of adults with metastatic colorectal cancer and a BRAF V600E mutation, as detected by an FDA-approved test,...

Cardio-oncology

The ASCO Post is pleased to reproduce installments of the Art of Oncology as published previously in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. These articles focus on the experience of suffering from cancer or of caring for people diagnosed with cancer, and they include narratives, topical essays,...

MD Anderson and BostonGene Announce Strategic Alliance to Advance Personalized Cancer Diagnostics and Treatments

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center and BostonGene Corporation recently announced a strategic alliance to advance the development and clinical integration of multiplatform biomarker signatures. Expands Upon Existing Collaborations The alliance brings together BostonGene’s innovative...

breast cancer
global cancer care

Urbanization in Bangladesh: The Prevalence of Breast Cancer Brings Unique Challenges

The number of deaths related to breast cancer are increasing at an alarming pace worldwide. According to a World Health Organization (WHO) 2020 report, approximately 2,088,849 new cases and 627,000 deaths related to breast cancer occurred in 2018.1 More than 55% of these deaths occurred in low- to ...

issues in oncology

Extended Open Enrollment, Special Enrollment Periods Finalized for Some Insurance Exchanges, Increasing Access to Cancer Care

On September 17, 2021, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) finalized a rule that could increase access to cancer care through an extended open enrollment period and monthly special enrollment periods for federally facilitated health insurance exchanges and state-based exchanges...

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Announces New Early-Career Physician Research Program in Cancer Science

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) recently announced a $25 million gift from Louis V. Gerstner, Jr, to create the Louis V. Gerstner, Jr Physician Scholars Program. Designed to support the innovative research of physician-scientists who are early in their career at MSK, the program will...

lung cancer
genomics/genetics

Mobocertinib for Previously Treated Advanced NSCLC With EGFR Exon 20 Insertion Mutations

On September 15, 2021, the kinase inhibitor mobocertinib was granted accelerated approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for adults with locally advanced or metastatic non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with EGFR exon 20 insertion mutations, as detected by an FDA-approved test,...

An Atypical Road to a Career in Medicine and Leading a Cancer Center for Robert A. Winn, MD

In this installment of the Living a Full Life series, guest editor Jame Abraham, MD, spoke with Robert A. Winn, MD, Director of VCU Massey Cancer Center, Richmond, Virginia. In 2020, he became the first Black physician to lead a National Cancer Institute–designated cancer center. Among other...

Cleveland Clinic Launches Center for Young-Onset Colorectal Cancer

According to the National Cancer Institute, cases of colorectal cancer in patients younger than age 50 have grown by more than 50% since the 1990s. Cleveland Clinic has addressed this trend with the establishment of a center focused on the diagnosis, care, and research of young-onset colorectal...

symptom management

Ruxolitinib for Chronic Graft-vs-Host Disease After Failure of Systemic Therapy

On September 22, 2021, ruxolitinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor of JAK1 and JAK2 was granted approval for treatment of chronic graft-vs-host disease after failure of one or two lines of systemic therapy in adult and pediatric patients aged ≥ 12 years.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was...

issues in oncology

Advance Care Planning Is Crucial Component of Cancer Care

ASCO’s Coverage and Reimbursement Steering Group presented a poster on utilization of advance care planning (ACP) services at the ASCO Quality Care Symposium. The poster examined whether Current Procedural Terminology (CPT®) codes for ACP services are regularly utilized by hematology and oncology...

issues in oncology

JCO OP Special Series: Disparities in Cancer Care for Hispanic-Latinx People

JCO Oncology Practice is now accepting manuscripts for a special issue on disparities in cancer care for Hispanic-Latinx people. Submit your manuscript today at https://www.editorialmanager.com/op-ascopubs/default.aspx Guest Editors Miguel Villalona-Calero, MD; Gilberto Lopes, MD, MBA; Narjust...

leukemia

Noninferior Progression-Free Survival and Reduced Cardiovascular Toxicity With Acalabrutinib vs Ibrutinib in Previously Treated CLL

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by John C. Byrd, MD, of The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, and colleagues, the phase III ELEVATE-RR trial has shown noninferior progression-free survival with the more-selective Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor...

Caroline Chung, MD, Named MD Anderson’s First Chief Data Officer

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center recently appointed Caroline Chung, MD, Associate Professor of Radiation Oncology and Diagnostic Radiology, the new Vice President and Chief Data Officer (CDO). As the institution’s first-ever CDO, Dr. Chung will be responsible for shaping MD...

global cancer care

Cancer on the Global Stage: Incidence and Cancer-Related Mortality in Bhutan

Located in the Eastern Himalayas, Bhutan is a landlocked, lower–middle-income country bordered by China and India. With a population of more than 850,000 people, Bhutan is predominately made up of three ethnic groups—the largest group is the Bhutia (also called Ngalop), followed by the Nepalese...

thyroid cancer

Cabozantinib for Previously Treated Advanced Differentiated Thyroid Cancer

On September 17, 2021, cabozantinib was approved for adult and pediatric patients aged ≥ 12 years with locally advanced or metastatic differentiated thyroid cancer progressing after ­VEGFR-targeted therapy and who are ineligible or refractory to radioactive iodine.1 Cabozantinib inhibits the...

issues in oncology

Urge Congress to Avoid Shutdown, Increase Funding for Cancer Research in Fiscal Year 2022

ASCO is calling on Congress to continue its bipartisan support of federally funded research. Robust, sustained, and predictable funding growth for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the National Cancer Institute (NCI) baseline budgets is critical in advancing our nation’s work toward...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Financial Impact of Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer Care: Overlapping Toxicities

The leading causes of mortality in the United States are cardiovascular disease (23%) and cancer (21%), accounting for more than 40% of total deaths reported.1,2 The increasing rise in health-care expenditures over the past several decades has driven the need for metrics to further evaluate the...

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