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lymphoma

Early Relapsed/Refractory DLBCL

This is Part 1 of Treatment Strategies for Transplant-Ineligible Relapsed/Refractory DLBCL, a three-part video roundtable series. Scroll down to watch the other videos from this roundtable.   In this video, Drs. Jason Westin, Dai Chihara, and Caron A. Jacobson discuss the treatment of early...

issues in oncology

AACR Cancer Disparities Progress Report 2024 Highlights Ongoing Health Inequities Experienced by Racial and Ethnic Minorities

Despite the extraordinary progress against cancer in the United States—illustrated by the continuing decline in the overall mortality rate, which fell by 33% between 1991 and 2020, and the increasing numbers of cancer survivors (over 18 million and climbing)—the burden of cancer remains...

lymphoma

Previously Untreated Mantle Cell Lymphoma: Ibrutinib, Immunochemotherapy, and ASCT

As reported in The Lancet by Martin Dreyling, MD, PhD, and colleagues, results in the European Mantle Cell Lymphoma Network phase III TRIANGLE trial indicate that the addition of ibrutinib to immunochemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) significantly improved failure-free...

kidney cancer

Marker for Distinguishing Renal Cell Carcinoma From Benign Renal Masses

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Xu et al found that higher levels of preoperative plasma kidney injury molecule-1 (pKIM-1) distinguished renal cell carcinoma from benign renal masses. As stated by the investigators, “Both clear cell and papillary renal cell carcinoma...

gynecologic cancers
head and neck cancer
colorectal cancer

FDA Approves HPV Self-Collection Solution

On May 15, Roche announced the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of its human papillomavirus (HPV) self-collection solution—one of the first of such tests available in the United States. Screening for HPV can help identify women who are at risk of developing cervical cancer so that...

skin cancer
issues in oncology

Disparities in Melanoma Outcomes Among Black Patients

Investigators may have uncovered sex-based disparities in the detection and survival of melanoma in Black patients, according to a recent study published by Steadman et al in the Journal of Surgical Oncology. Background Melanoma is an aggressive type of skin cancer that accounts for about 75% of...

breast cancer
geriatric oncology
issues in oncology

Chemotherapy May Accelerate Physical Decline in Older Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer

Investigators have found that female patients aged 65 years or older with high-risk breast cancer who are treated with chemotherapy may be more likely to experience a substantial decline in physical function, according to a recent study published by Sedrak et al in the Journal of Cancer...

breast cancer
geriatric oncology

Study Reveals Potential Overtreatment of DCIS in Older Women With Limited Life Expectancy

Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) may often be overtreated in older women with limited life expectancy, according to research presented during the 2024 Society of Surgical Oncology (SSO) Annual Meeting.1 The retrospective analysis of the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER)-Medicare...

solid tumors
genomics/genetics

T-DXd for Advanced Solid Tumors With Activating HER2 Mutations

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Bob T. Li, MD, PhD, MPH, and colleagues, the phase II DESTINY-PanTumor01 trial showed activity of fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) in patients with unresectable or metastatic solid tumors that have specific activating HER2 mutations. The antibody-drug...

genomics/genetics
survivorship

Childhood Cancer Survivors: Genetic Risk Factors for Treatment-Related Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

In a study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Im et al found that genetic variants associated with a risk of treatment-related type 2 diabetes mellitus among childhood cancer survivors of African or European ancestry posed a higher risk of diabetes among those of African ancestry. As...

solid tumors
hematologic malignancies

Children’s Cancer Cause Opens Applications for the 2024 Survivorship Champion’s Prize

The Children’s Cancer Cause announced that the organization is accepting applications for its 2024 Survivorship Champion’s Prize. Overview of the Prize The Survivorship Champion’s Prize, totaling $10,000, is presented by Children’s Cancer Cause annually to a group, program, or institution...

colorectal cancer

Appendectomy May Lower Risk of Colorectal Cancer Subtype

Appendectomy may be associated with a reduced risk of a colorectal cancer subtype positive for the tumor-promoting Fusobacterium nucleatum bacteria, according to a recent study published by Kawamura et al in the Annals of Surgery. Background Despite being historically dismissed as an unnecessary...

hematologic malignancies
lymphoma
leukemia
global cancer care

Lymphoid Neoplasms: European National Health Expenditure and Long-Term Survival

In an analysis of the EUROCARE-6 data set reported in The Lancet Oncology, Milena Sant, MD, and colleagues found that patients with lymphoid neoplasms from European countries with greater health expenditure had improved 10-year age-standardized relative survival. Study Details The study involved...

sarcoma

Doublet for Previously Treated Patients With Advanced Leiomyosarcoma

In a phase Ib study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Van Tine et al established the recommended phase II dose of oral unesbulin in combination with dacarbazine for patients with locally recurrent, unresectable or metastatic, relapsed or refractory leiomyosarcoma. Unesbulin is a small...

issues in oncology
cost of care

Survey Finds Majority of Patients With Cancer and Survivors Have or Expect to Incur Medical Debt—Even Those With Insurance

Nearly half (49%) of patients with cancer and cancer survivors report being burdened by medical debt, alongside some (13%) who report expecting to incur medical debt as part of their treatment plan, according to a new Survivor Views survey conducted by the American Cancer Society Cancer Action...

colorectal cancer
issues in oncology

Colorectal Cancer Incidence Is Rising Among Teenagers and Young Adults

The incidence of colorectal cancer has risen significantly among younger U.S. patients over the past 2 decades, according to new findings presented by Mohamed et al at Digestive Disease Week (DDW) 2024 (Abstract Mo1149) and simultaneously published in Gastroenterology. Background “Colorectal cancer ...

gastroesophageal cancer
supportive care

Oral Rinse Could Provide Early Screening for Gastric Cancer

A simple oral rinse may lead to early detection of gastric cancer, according to new findings presented by Perati et al at Digestive Disease Week (DDW) 2024 (Abstract 949) and simultaneously published in Gastroenterology. Background Gastric cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer mortality...

leukemia
geriatric oncology
issues in oncology

Venetoclax Plus Hypomethylating Agents: Analyzing Standard-of-Care Outcomes in Older Patients With AML

Standard-of-care treatment comprising venetoclax plus hypomethylating agents was found to be safe and effective in some patients aged 80 years and older with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to a recent study published by Madarang et al in Blood Neoplasia. Background Older adult patients...

prostate cancer

A Delay in Diagnosis Led to Advanced Prostate Cancer

Cancer is not an unfamiliar disease to me. My mother died of cancer when I was 12. My oldest sister died of breast cancer, an aunt died of cancer (I don’t know which type), and my older brother is a prostate cancer survivor. So, when I was diagnosed with prostate cancer in October 2021, the news...

NIH’s New Cancer Screening Research Network and Cancer Screening Technologies

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has launched the Cancer Screening Research Network, a clinical trials network to evaluate emerging cancer screening technologies. The new network will support the Biden-Harris Administration’s Cancer Moonshot initiative by investigating how to identify cancer ...

lymphoma
leukemia

Pirtobrutinib in Patients With Previously Treated Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

On December 1, 2023, pirtobrutinib (Jaypirca), a selective, noncovalent  Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor that inhibits both wild-type and C481-mutant BTK with equal low nanomolar potency and is designed to address several of the limitations of covalent BTK inhibitors, was granted...

hepatobiliary cancer

Pembrolizumab/Chemotherapy for Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer

On October 31, 2023, pembrolizumab (Keytruda) was approved for use with ­gemcitabine/cisplatin in first-line treatment of patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic biliary tract cancer.1 Supporting Efficacy Data Approval was based on the double-blind KEYNOTE-966 trial...

kidney cancer

Belzutifan in Previously Treated Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

On December 14, 2023, the hypoxia-inducible factor inhibitor belzutifan (Welireg) was approved for patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma with disease progression on previous treatment with a PD-1 or PD-L1 inhibitor and a vascular endothelial...

bladder cancer

Enfortumab Vedotin-ejfv Plus Pembrolizumab Improves Survival vs Platinum-Based Chemotherapy in Advanced Urothelial Cancer

As reported in The New England Journal of Medicine by Thomas Powles, MD, Barts Cancer Institute Biomedical Research Centre, Queen Mary University of London, and colleagues, the phase III EV-302 trial has shown that the combination of the antibody–drug conjugate enfortumab vedotin-ejfv, which is...

colorectal cancer

Cell-Free DNA Blood-Based Test and Next-Generation Multitarget Stool DNA Test in Colorectal Cancer Screening

In two studies reported in The New England Journal of Medicine, investigators found that a cell-free DNA (cfDNA) blood-based test (ECLIPSE study)1 and a next-generation multitarget stool DNA test (BLUE-C study)2 both showed high sensitivity for colorectal cancer and high specificity for advanced...

prostate cancer

Whole-Pelvic Radiation Therapy for Unfavorable-Risk Prostate Cancer

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Sayan et al, analysis of long-term findings from the phase III Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Trial 05-043 showed that whole-pelvic radiation therapy (WPRT) was associated with favorable survival outcomes vs prostate-only radiation therapy (PORT)...

head and neck cancer
supportive care
symptom management

Head and Neck Cancer: Osteoradionecrosis of the Jaw Classification System

In a single-institution study reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Watson et al identified risk factors for osteoradionecrosis of the jaw and developed a classification system for the condition in patients receiving radiation therapy for head and neck cancer. Study Details The study...

gynecologic cancers

Impact of Age on Outcomes in Endometrial Cancer

In an analysis of data from the PORTEC-1, -2, and -3 trials reported in The Lancet Oncology, Wakkerman et al found that older age was associated with more aggressive tumor features and poorer outcomes in patients with endometrial cancer.   Study Details The analysis included data from 1,801...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Novel PET Agent May Accelerate Imaging in Patients With Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma

The novel investigational positron-emission tomography (PET) imaging agent gallium (Ga)-68–DPI-4452 may offer rapid and accurate visualization of lesions in patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma, according to a recent study published by Hofman et al in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine. The...

prostate cancer
issues in oncology

Chemical-Related Epigenetic Modifications May Increase Risk of Prostate Cancer Among Firefighters

Exposure to certain chemicals while on the job may increase the risk of prostate cancer among firefighters, according to a recent study published by Quaid et al in Environmental and Molecular Mutagenesis. Background Prostate cancer has the highest incidence of any cancer type among U.S. male...

issues in oncology

New Policy Statement Addresses Social, Economic, and Environmental Factors Influencing Cancer Care, Outcomes

ASCO’s new policy statement highlights the need for formalized efforts to address health-related social needs and outlines ways to address social determinants of health (SDOH) in cancer care. Social determinants are defined as conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age, which...

issues in oncology

America’s Cancer Doctors Demand Action From Congress: Address Drug Shortages

Cancer doctors from across the United States are lending their voices to a new advocacy campaign to end drug shortages. Led by the Association for Clinical Oncology (ASCO), nearly 500 oncology professionals have signed an open letter to Congress and the administration highlighting the severe impact ...

Bishoy Faltas, MD, Named Chief Research Officer of the Englander Institute for Precision Medicine at Weill Cornell Medicine

Olivier Elemento, PhD, Director of the Englander Institute for Precision Medicine (EIPM) at Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, recently announced that Bishoy M. Faltas, MD, has been named Chief Research Officer of EIPM effective immediately. EIPM is a large multidisciplinary institute that uses...

immunotherapy

KEYNOTE-756 Additional Findings: Pembrolizumab Shown to Be Beneficial Regardless of Age, Menopausal Status

In updated findings from the phase III KEYNOTE-756 trial, the addition of pembrolizumab to chemotherapy in the neoadjuvant setting improved the rates of pathologic complete response for patients with high-risk estrogen receptor–positive, HER2-negative breast cancer, regardless of their age or...

gynecologic cancers

DUO-E Trial: Results Support New Treatment Options in Endometrial Cancer

New research findings have highlighted the importance of personalized treatment approaches with the monoclonal antibody durvalumab based on mismatch repair (MMR) status in newly diagnosed patients with advanced or recurrent endometrial cancer, according to data presented during the Society of...

gastroesophageal cancer

Bispecific Antibody Plus Chemotherapy Improves Survival in Patients With Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

Treatment with the first-in-class PD-1/CTLA-4 bispecific antibody cadonilimab plus XELOX (capecitabine, oxaliplatin) chemotherapy demonstrated a survival advantage for patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma as first-line treatment, regardless of PD-L1...

issues in oncology

AI in Cancer Care: Embrace the Change

According to Google Chief Executive Officer Sunder Pichai, artificial intelligence (AI) is “the most profound technology humanity is working on—more profound than fire or electricity or anything that we’ve done in the past.” The impact of AI on health care and especially cancer care will not be...

issues in oncology

ASCO Survey Finds Oncologists’ Well-Being Worsened Over the Past Decade—but Steps Can Be Taken to Mitigate Burnout

A recent survey by ASCO measuring postpandemic burnout among oncologists in the United States shows that professional satisfaction and work-life balance have significantly deteriorated over the past decade, with 59% of respondents reporting one or more symptoms of burnout, compared with 34% in...

head and neck cancer

Two Studies Support Deintensification of Treatment for HPV-Associated Oropharyngeal Cancer

Two studies presented at the 2024 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancers Symposium added support for the deintensification of radiotherapy in early-stage oropharyngeal squamous cell cancers associated with the human papillomavirus (HPV), a subtype typically more responsive to therapy compared to...

hepatobiliary cancer

Addition of Durvalumab to Gemcitabine/Cisplatin in Advanced Biliary Tract Cancer: PROs in TOPAZ-1

As reported in The Lancet Oncology by Howard A. Burris III, MD, FACP, FASCO, and colleagues, a patient-reported outcome (PRO) analysis from the phase III TOPAZ-1 trial showed no “detrimental effect” with the addition of durvalumab to gemcitabine/cisplatin in patients with advanced biliary tract...

breast cancer

Omission of Axillary Dissection After Nodal Downstaging With Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Breast Cancer

In a retrospective cohort study reported in JAMA Oncology, Montagna et al found that patients with breast cancer with nodal downstaging after neoadjuvant chemotherapy had a low rate of axillary recurrence, with no difference observed for staging with targeted axillary dissection vs sentinel lymph...

gynecologic cancers

Local Recurrence of Endometrial Cancer: Radiotherapy With or Without Cisplatin

As reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology by Ann H. Klopp, MD, PhD, and colleagues, results from an NRG Oncology/GOG trial showed “excellent” progression-free survival outcomes with radiation therapy alone for local recurrences of endometrial cancer, with the addition of cisplatin in...

issues in oncology

Historical Community Outreach and Engagement Efforts at NCI-Designated Cancer Centers

Investigators have examined the historical evolution of Community Outreach and Engagement initiatives at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and NCI-designated cancer centers and provided recommendations to guide future efforts, according to a recent study published by Pohl et al in CA: A Cancer...

breast cancer

Selective Targeting of PARP1 in Early-Phase Study Shows Activity in Breast Cancer

Saruparib, a first-in-class PARP1-­selective inhibitor, was reported to have favorable safety and anticancer activity in heavily pretreated patients with breast cancer harboring homologous recombination–repair (HRR) mutations, according to the results of the phase I/II PETRA study presented at the...

kidney cancer
issues in oncology

Newly Identified Biomarkers May Improve Diagnosis and Treatment of RCC Subtypes

Researchers have identified novel biomarkers in renal cell carcinoma subtypes, according to a new study published by Li et al in Cell Reports Medicine. The findings may help identify therapeutic targets in non–clear cell renal cell carcinomas. Background Renal cell carcinoma is a diverse cancer...

colorectal cancer
hepatobiliary cancer

Hemihepatectomy: Outcomes With Laparoscopic vs Open Surgery

In a phase III study (ORANGE II PLUS) reported in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Fichtinger et al found that among patients with indications for hemihepatectomy suitable for both laparoscopic and open approaches, of whom the majority had cancer, the laparoscopic approach was associated with a...

breast cancer

T-DXd vs Physician’s Choice of Therapy in HER2-Positive Metastatic Breast Cancer: PROs in DESTINY-Breast02

In an analysis of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in the DESTINY-Breast02 trial published in The Lancet Oncology, Tanja Fehm, MD, and colleagues found that general health status/quality of life was maintained over time with fam-trastuzumab deruxtecan-nxki (T-DXd) vs physician’s choice of therapy...

gynecologic cancers

For Detection of Measurable Residual Disease in Ovarian Cancer, Are Two Methods Better Than One?

In patients with ovarian cancer, second-look surgery may find a role again. The evaluation of measurable residual disease (MRD) using second-look laparoscopy identified more women who had detectable MRD after front-line treatment than did circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), according to a study...

prostate cancer
survivorship

Effect of Radiation Therapy Timing on Lifespan of Artificial Urinary Sphincters in Prostate Cancer Survivors

Researchers have shown that adjuvant radiation therapy rather than salvage radiation therapy may improve the function of artificial urinary sphincters for stress urinary incontinence in patients who have undergone surgery for prostate cancer, according to new findings presented by Gaines et al at...

hepatobiliary cancer
immunotherapy

Bavituximab Plus Pembrolizumab for Patients With Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Adding the phosphatidylserine-targeting antibody bavituximab to the immunotherapy agent pembrolizumab may improve response rates without compromising safety in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, according to a recent study published by Hsieh et al in Nature Communications. The findings...

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